表紙:5G:スモールセルとモバイルバックホール- 市場、技術、用途
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5G:スモールセルとモバイルバックホール- 市場、技術、用途

5G: Small Cells and Mobile Backhaul - Markets, Technologies and Applications

出版日: | 発行: PracTel, Inc. | ページ情報: 英文 229 Pages | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

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5G:スモールセルとモバイルバックホール- 市場、技術、用途
出版日: 2023年10月22日
発行: PracTel, Inc.
ページ情報: 英文 229 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

当レポートでは、ダイナミックに進化するスモールセル技術を分析し、スモールセルとそのバックホールソリューションの技術およびマーケティング分析を提供します。モバイル業界におけるスモールセルの開発動向、技術やその能力、特許動向などをまとめています。

目次

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 モバイルテクノロジーの世代

  • 4Gの詳細
  • 5Gの詳細
  • 6Gの詳細
  • プロセス

第3章 スモールセルの開発

  • 合理的
  • 命名法
  • 背景
  • 用途
  • 利点と問題点
  • スモールセル市場
  • 標準化
  • スモールセル産業
    • Airspan
    • AirHop Communications
    • Baicells
    • Broadcom
    • Cisco
    • CommScope
    • Contela
    • Corning
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Juniper
    • Huawei
    • Intel
    • Gilat
    • Mavenir
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Radisys
    • Samsung
    • Sercomm
    • TI
    • Xilinx
    • ZTE

第4章 スモールセルバックホール

  • 全般
  • 分類
  • 詳細
  • パラメーター
  • 標準化の必要性
  • 市場の特徴
  • スモールセルバックホール業界
  • サマリー

第5章 結論

  • 添付A:SCバックホール-60 GHzワイヤレステクノロジー
  • 添付B:Wi-Fi 5/6およびSCバックホール
  • 添付C:Eバンド無線およびSCバックホール

付録I:802.11ax-関連特許調査(2018年~2023年)

付録II:802.11ay関連特許調査(2018年~2023年)

図表

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Mobile Data Traffic Growth - Global (Petabytes/Month)
  • Figure 2: Current Developments
  • Figure 3: ITU-R Schedule for IMT-2020 Development
  • Figure 4: 3GPP - Tentative Timeline - 5G Standardization - 3GPP Releases
  • Figure 5: Major Network Characteristics - 5G
  • Figure 6: Small Cell Evolution
  • Figure 7: mmWave Advantages
  • Figure 8: Macro vs Small BSs - Shipped (Ratio)
  • Figure 9: BS: Characteristics and Classification
  • Figure 10: Cells Parameters
  • Figure 11: Capacity vs Coverage
  • Figure 12: SC Use Cases Examples
  • Figure 13: Estimate: SCs Installed Global Market Size (Mil. Units)
  • Figure 14: Estimate: SC Installed Global Market Size ($B)
  • Figure 15: SCs and 3GPP Releases
  • Figure 16: 3GPP Rel. 12 SC Enhancements
  • Figure 17: Scenario 1
  • Figure 18: Scenario 2
  • Figure 19: SC Backhaul Illustration
  • Figure 20: Technologies - SC Backhaul
  • Figure 21: SC Backhaul Types
  • Figure 22: (a) Non-ideal and (b) Ideal SC Backhaul Characteristics
  • Figure 23: Technological Changes
  • Figure 24: Summary: Specifics of Backhauls - SCs vs Macrocells
  • Figure 25: Estimate: SC Backhaul - Global Market Size ($B)
  • Figure 26: Estimate: Global Market - SC Microwave Backhaul ($B)
  • Figure 27: PMP and PTP Architectures
  • Figure 28: Summary: SC Backhauling Choices: Benefits and Limitations
  • Figure 29: 60 GHz Radio Use Cases
  • Figure 30: RF Signals Attenuation in 60 GHz Band
  • Figure 31: Signal Absorption
  • Figure 32: Directivity
  • Figure 33: Bands Features Comparison - Illustration
  • Figure 34: 60 GHz Links Characteristics
  • Figure 35: 60 GHz Link Characteristics
  • Figure 36: Global Market - SC Backhaul - 60 GHz Radio ($B)
  • Figure 37: 60 GHz SC Backhaul Characteristics
  • Figure 38: Licensed and Unlicensed Bands Transmission
  • Figure 39: 802.11ad Major Features
  • Figure 40: Channelization
  • Figure 41: 802.11ad PHY - Modulation
  • Figure 42: 802.11ad MAC Structure
  • Figure 43: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Cases
  • Figure 44: Estimate: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales - Global (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 45: Estimate: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales - Global ($B)
  • Figure 46: Properties - 802.11ac
  • Figure 47: Channel Assignment: 802.11ac
  • Figure 48: Rates: 802.11ac
  • Figure 49: Channel Size-Rate
  • Figure 50: 802.11ac Waves
  • Figure 51: Usage Models
  • Figure 52: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac
  • Figure 53: Comparison - WLAN Characteristics
  • Figure 54: PHY: 802.11ax vs 802.11ac
  • Figure 55: Comparison
  • Figure 56: Illustration - E-band Radio - Backhauling Mobile Network
  • Figure 57: Regulations
  • Figure 58: E-Band Radio Generations
  • Figure 59: Estimate: Global Market-SC Backhaul-E-band Radio ($B)
目次

Practel is following the small cells development from the beginning of their commercialization and contributed several technical/marketing reports on this subject.

This report updates previous studies as well as adds the new information. The report presents in detailed and in easily understandable terms independent, unbiased analysis, which reflects progress in small cells and their backhauls solutions developments. Through vendors' interviews and the analysis of other multiple data sources, the report provides latest, accurate marketing and technical information.

In particular, the report analyzing dynamically evolving small cells technologies, concentrating on their advantages, varieties and specifics. Major applications are presented; and standardization developments are emphasized. Based on the in-depth industry analysis of multiple studies and interviews with vendors, market prognoses (2023-2027) are presented. The survey of more than thirty-five small cell equipment vendors and their portfolios are also provided. It is shown that 4G mobile technologies (concurrent with 5G) will concentrate on building HetNets in which small cells play an important role.

The report emphasizes that the small cells backhaul solution may prove or break the small cell business case. Specifics of small cells backhauls, their varieties and differences from macro cells backhauls are analyzed in details. The need for standardization is emphasized. The study of industry trends, interviews with vendors and the analysis of publicly available statistical data helped to perform the marketing analysis. The survey of vendors (about 30 manufacturers of small cells backhaul solutions) reflects this industry specifics and trends. There is a range of use cases for open access small cells, from targeted demand hotspots in city centers, through generalized capacity uplift, to serving not-spots in remote rural areas. In each case the emphasis on backhaul requirements shifts and aspects that are critical to one type of deployment can be relaxed in others. Solutions with different characteristics will address the needs of different types of small cells backhaul in different areas.

Fiber and microwave are complementary technologies with different use cases. Microwave backhaul allows for a faster and more cost-efficient rollout compared with fiber while fiber offers greater capacities. In a positive development, more countries have been making the E-band available for microwave backhaul.

Microwave is the preferred solution for long-distance transfers. It is also the better choice in countries where regulatory problems complicate fiber rollouts, such as India or Egypt.

Attachments contain the in-depth analysis of prevailing small cell microwave and Wi-Fi backhaul solutions:

  • 1. 60 GHz technologies (V-band). Both Ethernet radio and 802.11ad/802.11ay solutions are addressed. Marketing and technical specifics are described in details. The survey of vendors is also provided.
  • 2. 802.11ac (Wi-Fi 5). The technology supports throughput, range and other characteristics that satisfy small cell backhaul requirements. Authors analyzed specifics of Wi-Fi 5 as they relate to the small cell backhaul application; they also analyzed the market and vendors' portfolios.
  • 3. 802.11ax (Wi-Fi 6) - is also detailed.
  • 4. 802.11be (Wi-Fi 7) - is introduced.
  • 5. E-band radio. Popularity of this radio for discussed applications is growing; and this trend will be even more pronounced in the 5G era.

Wireless backhauls for SCs are prevailing now and it is expected that they will keep this leadership position in future.

This report provides SCs and their backhaul solutions technological and marketing analysis. It can be useful for service providers, vendors, network operators and managers, Enterprise IT staff, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding of the SC developmental trends in the mobile industry.

The end users will gain a more thorough understanding of technologies and their capabilities as well as economics.

The report also surveys patents related to Wi-Fi 6 and 802.11ay standards.

Table of Contents

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. General
  • 1.2. Current Situation and Role of Small Cells
  • 1.3. SC Backhaul
  • 1.4. Scope
  • 1.5. Report Structure
  • 1.6. Research Methodology
  • 1.7. Target Audience

2.0. Mobile Technologies Generations

  • 2.1. 4G Specifics
    • 2.1.1. Traffic Volume and SC
    • 2.1.2. From 3G to 4G-Experience
    • 2.1.3. 4G Distinct Features
      • 2.1.3.1. HetNet
  • 2.2. 5G Specifics
    • 2.2.1. IMT evolution
    • 2.2.1. 5G Timetable (3GPP-ITU) and SCs
      • 2.2.1.1. ITU Standards-Support for Cohesive 5G Innovation
    • 2.2.2. 5G Advances
  • 2.3. 6G Specifics
    • 2.3.1. Timetable
    • 2.3.2. 5G Advanced
      • 2.3.2.1. AI/ML
      • 2.3.2.2. Key Points
    • 2.3.3. 5G and 6G
  • 2.4. Process

3.0. Small Cells Development

  • 3.1. Rational
  • 3.2. Nomenclature
    • 3.2.1. Group
  • 3.3. Background
    • 3.3.1. Methods
  • 3.4. Applications
    • 3.4.1. Indoor Use Cases
    • 3.4.2. Outdoor Use Cases
    • 3.4.3. Public Safety Communications
    • 3.4.4. Summary
  • 3.5. Benefits and Issues
    • 3.5.1. Comparison
  • 3.6. Small Cell Market
    • 3.6.1. Market Geography
    • 3.6.2. Estimate
  • 3.7. Standardization
    • 3.7.1. Organizations
      • 3.7.1.1. Small Cell Forum
      • 3.7.1.2. 3GPP and Other
    • 3.7.2. First Standard
    • 3.7.3. Standard Interfaces - 3GPP
    • 3.7.4. 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs
  • 3.8. Small Cell Industry
    • Airspan
    • AirHop Communications
    • Baicells
    • Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
    • Cisco
    • CommScope
    • Contela
    • Corning
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Juniper
    • Huawei
    • Intel
    • Gilat
    • Mavenir
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Radisys
    • Samsung
    • Sercomm
    • TI
    • Xilinx
    • ZTE

4.0. Small Cell Backhaul

  • 4.1. General
  • 4.2. Classification
  • 4.3. Specifics
    • 4.3.1. Challenge
    • 4.3.2. Differences
  • 4.4. Parameters
    • 4.4.1. Factors
    • 4.4.2. Planning
  • 4.5. Need for Standardization
  • 4.6. Market Characteristics
    • 4.6.1. Components
    • 4.6.2. TCO Factor
  • 4.7. Small Cell Backhaul Industry
    • Adtran
    • Airvine Scientific
    • Actelis (wireline)
    • Airspan (integrated wireless backhaul - Wi-Fi 5-NLOS)
    • Cambium (sub-6 GHz)
    • Cambridge Broadband (Microwave Backhaul)
    • Ceragon (sub-6 GHz and other)
    • Exalt (Microwave)
    • Fastback Networks (Wireless)
    • Intracom (Microwave)
    • Radwin (sub-6 GHz)
    • Siklu
    • TI (NLoS)
  • 4.8. Summary

5.0. Conclusions

  • Attachment A: SC Backhaul - 60 GHz Wireless Technologies
    • A.1. V-band Radio: General
    • A.2. 60 GHz Radio Specifics
      • A.2.1. Spectrum
      • A.2.2. Oxygen Absorption
      • A.2.3. Antenna Focus
      • A.2.4. Combined Effects
      • A.2.5. Availability
      • A.2.6. Progress in Chip Technology for 60 GHz Spectrum
        • A.2.6.1. Modulation and Duplexing
      • A.2.6.2. Antenna
        • A.2.6.2.1. Indoor Behavior
        • A.2.6.2.2. Outdoor Behavior - FCC Modifications
      • A.2.7. Summary
      • A.2.8. 60. GHz Radio Market
        • A.2.8.1. Synopsis
        • A.2.8.2. Market Estimate
          • A.2.8.2.1. General
          • A.2.8.2.2. Drivers
          • A.2.8.2.3. Forecast
      • A.2.9. 60. GHz Radio - SC Backhaul Choice
      • A.2.10. Industry
        • Fastback
        • IgniteNet
        • SIAE MICROELETTRONICA
        • Ceragon
        • Intracom
        • Infineon
        • Lattice
        • MediaTek
        • NEC
        • Siklu
        • Qualcomm
        • Vubiq Networks
    • A.3. 60 GHz Wi-Fi - 802.11ad
      • A.3.1. Advanced Wi-Fi: Benefits and Issues
      • A.3.2. WiGig Alliance
        • A.3.2.1. Major Achievements
        • A.3.2.2. Union
      • A.3.3. WiGig Standards
        • A.3.3.1. Status
        • A.3.3.2. Coexistence
        • A.3.3.3. Scope
          • A.3.3.3.1. Channelization
          • A.3.3.3.2. PHY
          • A.3.3.3.3. MAC
          • A.3.3.3.4. Specifics
          • A.3.3.3.5. Summary
          • A.3.3.3.6. 802.11ad and SC Backhaul
        • A.3.3.4. Industry
          • Analog Devices
          • Blu Wireless
          • Broadcom
          • Collaboration (InterDigital, imec, Peraso)
          • InterDigital-BlueWireless
          • Lattice
          • Peraso
          • Tensorcom
          • Qualcomm
        • A.3.3.5. Certification
    • A.4. 60GHz Wi-Fi-802.11ay
      • A.4.1. General
      • A.4.2. Opportunity
      • A.4.3. Need
      • A.4.4. Scope
      • A.4.5. First Products
        • A.4.5.1. Qualcomm
        • A.4.5.2. Blu Wireless
        • A.4.5.3. Cambium
        • A.4.5.4. IgniteNet
        • A.4.5.5. Mikrotik
        • A.4.5.6. Edge-core Networks
    • A.5. 60GHz Wi-Fi Market Considerations
      • A.5.1. Market Drivers
      • A.5.2. Usage Models
      • A.5.3. Market Estimate
  • Attachment B: Wi-Fi 5/6 and SC Backhaul
    • B.1. Wi-Fi 5 Approval
    • B.2. General - Improving 802.11n Characteristics
    • B.3. Major Features
    • B.4. Major Benefits
      • B.4.1. Waves
    • B.5. Usage Models
    • B.6. MIMO and 802.11ac Standard
      • B.6.1. Comparison
    • B.7. Industry
      • Airspan Networks
      • Aruba - HP
      • Broadcom
      • Buffalo
      • Cisco
      • D-Link
      • Huawei
      • Linksys
      • Marvell
      • Netgear
      • Qorvo
      • Onsemi
      • Redpine Signals
    • B.8. 802.11ax (Wi-Fi 6)
      • B.8.1. Background
        • B.8.1.1. Schedule
      • B.8.2. Scope
        • B.8.2.1. Focal Points
      • B.8.3. Major Features
      • B.8.4. Major Applications
      • B.8.5. Physical Layer
        • B.8.5.1. Multi-User Operation
        • B.8.5.2. Role of MU-MIMO
        • B.8.5.3. Multi-User OFDMA
      • B.8.6. MAC Layer
        • B.8.6.1. Spatial Reuse with Color Codes
        • B.8.6.2. Power-saving with Target Wake Time
        • B.8.6.3. Density
        • B.8.6.4. 802.11ax Operating Modes
      • B.8.7. Industry
        • Airohive (Extreme Networks)
        • Asus
        • Broadcom
        • Huawei
        • Marvell
        • Onsemi (former On Semiconductor)
        • Qualcomm
    • B.9. 802.11be-Wi-Fi 7
      • B.9.1. Schedule
      • B.9.2. Comparison
      • B.9.3. Industry
        • Amazon
        • Intel
        • Qualcomm
        • TP-Link
  • Attachment C: E-band Radio and SC Backhaul
    • C.1. Benefits
      • C1.1. Typical Characteristics
    • C.2. Market
    • C.3. Vendors
      • Aviat
      • E-band Communications
      • Huawei
      • Intracom
      • Infineon
      • NEC
      • Siklu

Appendix I: 802.11ax - related Patents Survey (2018-2023)

Appendix II: 802.11ay- related Patents Survey (2018-2023)