特集 : 国別レポートが13,000件から検索可能になりました!

特集 : 海外市場の委託調査がセミカスタムベースでお手軽にできます

株式会社グローバルインフォメーション
表紙
市場調査レポート
商品コード
950474

自律走行、自動車サイバーセキュリティ、V2Xの規制ガイド

Regulatory Guide to Autonomous Driving, Automotive Cyber Security & V2X

出版日: | 発行: Auto2x Ltd | Automotive Intelligence Consulting | ページ情報: 英文 58 Pages; 38 Tables & Graphs | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

価格
価格表記: USDを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=105.60円
自律走行、自動車サイバーセキュリティ、V2Xの規制ガイド
出版日: 2020年03月31日
発行: Auto2x Ltd | Automotive Intelligence Consulting
ページ情報: 英文 58 Pages; 38 Tables & Graphs
納期: 即日から翌営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 目次
概要

自動車およびテクノロジー産業が自動車自律性において競争する際、規制の障壁は商業化戦略の決定要因になります。AudiのフラッグシップであるA8の最初のSAEレベル3自動運転システムはすでに発表されているものの、レベル3自動運転の導入は地域の規制当局の承認が必要となっています。

当レポートは、自律走行、自動車サイバーセキュリティ、V2Xの規制ガイドについて調査しており、条件付き(レベル3)および完全に監視されていない運転(レベル4-5)を対象とする規制に焦点を当てており、自動運転に関連する課題、V2X(V2V-V2I)通信、および自動車保険への影響および規制ガイドなどの情報を提供しています。

目次

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 自動運転規制

  • AD規制:現在と将来の技術と規制のギャップ
  • 規制プロセスの本質的な違いと自律性への競争
  • 規制導入の影響
  • 欧州
  • ドイツ
  • 英国
  • 米国
  • 中国
  • 欧州
  • アジア、アジア太平洋地域および南北アメリカ

第2章 レベル3の条件付き自動化におけるデータの記録と責任

  • 自動運転イベントデータレコーダーの必要性
  • L3のデータの記録と保存に関する規制ガイダンスの未熟さ
  • L3車両の自動化による保険のバリューチェーンへの課題と機会

第3章 主要な自動車市場における自動車サイバーセキュリティ規制

  • 自動車用サイバーセキュリティソリューション採用と標準化の制限
  • 米国における自動車サイバーセキュリティ規制措置
  • 自動車のサイバーセキュリティに関する国連の規制:欧州連合と日本
  • ISO / SAE 21434
  • 規制/法的措置

第4章 V2X(V2V、V2I)規制

  • V2VおよびV2I通信の交通安全への役立
  • V2VによるHAVの安全性
  • 最先端の技術:稼働中のV2VおよびV2I
  • V2V-V2I規制ロードマップ:国連、米国、中国
  • DSRCベースのV2VおよびV2Iのセキュリティとプライバシー
  • AutotalksのCTOによるV2Xの規制活動に関する洞察
目次

Regulatory guide to Autonomous Driving, Automotive Cyber Security & V2X

Deployment of Level 3 automated driving is subject to regional regulatory approval. This report analyses the regulatory landscape for the transition from Supervised to Unsupervised-Driving (SAE Level 4-5) to allow deployment of higher levels of autonomy. Since the future is also Secure and Connected, our analysis also provides a regulatory guide on Automotive Cyber Security and V2X (V2V-V2I).

The Regulatory and Legal framework still needs to evolve to allow higher vehicle autonomy

As the automotive and technology industries race to higher vehicle autonomy the regulatory barrier becomes a determinant of their commercialization strategies. The first-ever SAE Level 3-automated driving system in Audi's flagship A8 has already been announced but customer availability is subject to regional regulatory approval across the world.

The transition from driver-centric regulation to Automated Driving Systems will allow the shift from Supervised driving to Conditionally & Completely-Unsupervised driving.

There is a growing concern over the lack of harmonisation of AD regulation

However, there are inherent differences between the regulatory and legal framework across Europe, the USA and China. This could adversely affect harmonisation of common standards and also delay the adoption of higher levels of vehicle autonomy.

What is the impact of regulation on the deployment strategies of carmakers?

Cyber Security is the new frontier for Automated and Connected Cars

Connected Car security needs to expand from its Physical dimension to cover the Cyber-Physical dimension and from the In-Vehicle-Network to the Internet-of-Things.

While recent "white hack" demonstrations have raised awareness of the risk the automotive industry faces amid the proliferation of Connected Cars, connected devices and V2X, the slow progress of regulation and the absence of common standards restrict adoption of ACS solutions.

Standardisation of the medium for V2V-V2I (DSRC vs cellular) restricts deployment

Even though V2V-V2I communications are not a technical prerequisite for Level 3 or higher, they can enhance safety by helping to overcome the limitations of on-board ADAS sensors, e.g. line-of-sight, weather conditions.

The industry-wide adoption of DSRC vs cellular V2X, which is associated with cost, robustness and financial viability, together with the spectrum-sharing decisions present the key technical challenges for V2V-V2I deployment in key geographies.

What this report delivers

This report focuses on regulation covering Conditionally (Level 3) & Completely-Unsupervised driving (Level 4-5) with or without driver controls, which are in the epicenter of regulatory developments because they will allow (limited to specific use cases or full) hands-off the steering wheel, eyes-off and eventually brain-off.

Furthermore, our analysis, provides a regulatory guide for some other rising issues relevant to Automated Driving, namely securing Automated and Connected Cars, V2X (V2V-V2I) communications and the impact on motor insurance.

Table of Contents

Executive summary

  • 1. Key findings
  • 2. Overview of regulations and legislation by key category examined in this report

1. Autonomous Driving regulation (26 pages)

  • 1.1. AD regulation: the gap between current and future tech vs regulation
  • 1.2. Inherent differences in regulatory process & race to autonomy raise concerns over the lack of harmonization of AD regulation
  • 1.3. How does regulation affect deployment? Favourable geographies for L3 deployment
  • 1.4. Europe: The amendment of UN R79 vs a Horizontal regulation
    • 1.4.1. The amendment of the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
    • 1.4.2. The amendment of UN R79 is the critical step towards self-steering systems that will unlock Level 3-4 deployment
    • 1.4.3. Three concerns arising from the R79's amendment
  • 1.5. Germany to lead AD deployment in Europe driven by supportive AD framework
    • 1.5.1. L3 automated driving to become legal in Germany from autumn'17
    • 1.5.2. Review of Germany's AD Ethical Guidelines
  • 1.6. Great opportunities for the UK to compete as a global hub of AD innovation, testing and deployment
    • 1.6.1. Overview of the UK's AD regulatory activity
  • 1.7. Flexible AD regulatory framework in USA but concerns over safety enforcement and harmonisation
    • 1.7.1. L3 deployment strategy in the U.S based on the regulatory landscape
    • 1.7.2. The USA has opened up the road to L3-5 with voluntary guidelines: ADS Vision for Safety-v2
    • 1.7.3. Overview of the U.S Federal Autonomous Vehicle Policy
    • 1.7.4. Assessment of USA AD policy: Guidelines (voluntary) vs Regulation (mandatory)
    • 1.7.5. Action to harmonize state law: LEAD'R Act & SELF-DRIVE Act
  • 1.8. China's regulation for Intelligent and Connected Vehicles (ICVs)
    • 1.8.1. Status of AD regulation in China & roadmap for ICV standards
    • 1.8.2. Concerns over the regulatory action needed in China
  • 1.9. Japan's AD regulatory status
  • 1.10. Summary of AD regulatory developments in other leading markets
    • 1.10.1. Europe
    • 1.10.2. Asia, Asia-Pacific & North and South America

2. Data recording & liability in Level 3-Conditional Automation (3 pages)

  • 2.1. Learn why we need Automated Driving-Event Data Recorders
  • 2.2. Regulatory guidance on data recording and storage for L3 is immature
  • 2.3. L3 vehicle automation presents challenges & opportunities for the insurance value chain

3. Automotive Cyber Security Regulation in major car markets (9 pages)

  • 3.1. The absence of regulatory mandates restricts the timely adoption and standardisation of Automotive Cyber Security solutions
  • 3.2. Automotive Cyber Security regulatory action in the USA
  • 3.3. UN regulation on Automotive Cyber Security: European Union and Japan
  • 3.4. ISO/SAE 21434: a joint standard to harmonise Automotive Cyber Security
  • 3.5. What regulatory/legal action is needed to secure Connected Cars?

4. V2X (V2V, V2I) Regulation (11 pages)

  • 4.1. How could V2V and V2I communications help towards road safety?
  • 4.2. V2V isn't a technical prerequisite for HAVs but can enhance their safety
  • 4.3. State of the art: V2V & V2I already on the road today
  • 4.4. V2V-V2I regulatory roadmap: UN, USA and China
  • 4.5. Security and privacy in DSRC-based V2V and V2I
  • 4.6. Insights on the regulatory activity for V2X with CTO of Autotalks
    • 4.6.1. V2X deployment status raises concerns over the lack of harmonization
    • 4.6.2. Learn how regulatory guidance for V2X will evolve in major markets
    • 4.6.3. Weighting in the debate between DSRC / ITS-G5 and C-V2X
    • 4.6.4. Understand which V2X-supported features will come to market first
    • 4.6.5. Winners from the installation of V2X sensors & infrastructure

Tables

  • Table 1: Key findings from this report
  • Table 2: List of regulations and legals covered in this report by category: AD, ACS, AD-EDR & Privacy, V2X
  • Table 1.1: What carmakers are saying about the regulatory framework for L3 and what they are doing?
  • Table 1.2: L3-4 AD testing by carmaker, Tier 1 and other ADS manufacturer across the world
  • Table 1.3: The amendment of the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
  • Table 1.4: UN Regulation No.79 and its amendment process (As of Q3-2017)
  • Table 1.5: Example of ACSF certification categories vs old for current and expected SAE L1-3 systems
  • Table 1.6: Key findings from Germany's Ethics Commission for Automated and Connected driving
  • Table 1.7: Overview of the UK's AD regulatory activity (as of Q3-2017)
  • Table 1.8: Main differences between the updated US guidance on AD: ADS-v2 (2017) vs FAVP (2016)
  • Table 1.9: Assessment of USA AD policy: Guidelines (voluntary) vs Regulation (mandatory)
  • Table 1.10: USA's attempt to harmonize state AD law: SELF DRIVE Act & LEAD'R Act
  • Table 1.11: Autonomous Driving & ICV regulatory developments in China (up to Q3'17)
  • Table 1.12: Japan's 4-phase timetable for the public rollout of AD and expected safety standards
  • Table 1.13: Summary of AD regulatory activity in Japan
  • Table 1.14: Summary of AD regulatory activity in Europe: Finland, France, Greece, NL, Spain, Sweden and Switz.
  • Table 1.15: Summary of AD regulatory activity in Asia, AP: Australia, NZ, Russia, Singapore, S.Korea & Dubai
  • Table 1.16: Summary of AD regulatory activity in North and South America: Canada and Argentina
  • Table 2.1: Regulatory guidance on data recording & storage for L3 in major car markets
  • Table 2.2: Motor Insurance status, forecast, regulatory action and insurers' reaction
  • Table 3.1: Overview of key applicable standards, guidelines and other guidance for Auto Cyber Security
  • Table 3.2: Automotive Cyber Security Guidance in the USA (Up to Sep'2017)
  • Table 3.3: Summary of Automotive Cyber Security Guidelines, Initiatives and Regulatory Action in Europe
  • Table 3.4: Automotive Cyber Security developments in Japan
  • Table 3.5: How China's authorities plan to address Cyber Security: Principles and measures
  • Table 36: What regulatory and legal action is needed to secure Connected Cars?
  • Table 4.1: V2V-V2I offerings by carmakers in 2017
  • Table 4.2: V2V Frequency bands & standards across major car markets
  • Table 4.3: Timeline of key developments for V2V & V2I Communications in the USA, Europe and China

Figures

  • Figure 1.1: Status of AD technology vs regulation in Q3 2017 (SAE Level 2 and 3)
  • Figure 1.2: Where is L3 legal today (Q3'17) & what regulatory/legal amendments are required?
  • Figure 1.3: Vehicle automation mix in Europe in 2021: L0/1/2 vs L3/4
  • Figure 1.4: Counterparties to the UN Regulation No.79-Steering equipment (highlighted in green)
  • Figure 1.5: Overview of the states passing Autonomous Vehicle Legislation in the U.S as of Q3'17
  • Figure 1.6: Regulatory process in the U.S.A: from Bill to Federal Regulation
  • Figure 1.7: Key findings from USDOT's Federal Autonomous Vehicle Policy (Source: NHTSA, USDOT)
  • Figure 1.8: CATARC's roadmap of ICV Standard System
  • Figure 3.1: Overview of key OEM & regulatory action on Automotive Cyber Security in major car markets
  • Figure 3.2: Overview of the Working Groups engaged in Automotive Cyber Security in the UN
株式会社グローバルインフォメーション
© Copyright 1996-2020, Global Information, Inc. All rights reserved.