市場調査レポート
商品コード
1459506

医薬品におけるアクティブ&インテリジェント包装の世界市場 2024-2028

Global Active and Intelligent Packaging in Pharmaceutical Market 2024-2028

出版日: | 発行: TechNavio | ページ情報: 英文 169 Pages | 納期: 即納可能 即納可能とは

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価格
価格表記: USDを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=160.10円
医薬品におけるアクティブ&インテリジェント包装の世界市場 2024-2028
出版日: 2024年03月21日
発行: TechNavio
ページ情報: 英文 169 Pages
納期: 即納可能 即納可能とは
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

医薬品におけるアクティブ&インテリジェント包装市場は2023-2028年に13億2,000万米ドル、予測期間中のCAGRは8.66%で成長すると予測されます。

当レポートでは、医薬品におけるアクティブ&インテリジェント包装市場の全体的な分析、市場規模・予測、動向、成長促進要因、課題、約25のベンダーを網羅したベンダー分析などを掲載しています。

現在の市場シナリオ、最新動向と促進要因、市場環境全体に関する最新分析を提供しています。市場は、世界の医薬品販売の拡大、新興国における医薬品包装需要の増加、医薬品包装の利便性に対する需要の高まりによって牽引されています。

市場範囲
基準年 2024
終了年 2028
予測期間 2024-2028
成長モメンタム 加速
前年比2024年 8.22%
CAGR 8.66%
増分額 13億2,000万米ドル

本調査では、今後数年間の医薬品におけるアクティブ&インテリジェント包装市場成長を牽引する主な要因の1つとして、軽量包装材料の普及拡大を挙げています。また、近距離無線通信(NFC)および無線周波数識別(RFID)技術の利用が増加し、データ駆動型パッケージングが登場することで、同市場では大きな需要が見込まれます。

目次

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

  • 市場概要

第2章 市場情勢

  • 市場エコシステム

第3章 市場規模の評価

  • 市場の定義
  • 市場セグメント分析
  • 市場規模 2023
  • 市場の見通し 2023-2028

第4章 市場規模実績

  • 医薬品におけるアクティブ&インテリジェント包装の世界市場 2018-2022
  • 製品セグメント分析 2018-2022
  • 材料セグメント分析 2018-2022
  • 地域別セグメント分析 2018-2022
  • 国別セグメント分析 2018-2022

第5章 ファイブフォース分析

  • ファイブフォースの要約
  • 買い手の交渉力
  • 供給企業の交渉力
  • 新規参入業者の脅威
  • 代替品の脅威
  • 競争の脅威
  • 市況

第6章 市場セグメンテーション:製品別

  • 市場セグメント
  • 比較:製品別
  • アクティブパッケージング:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • インテリジェントパッケージング:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 市場機会:製品別

第7章 市場セグメンテーション:素材別

  • 市場セグメント
  • 比較:素材別
  • 固体:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 液体:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 市場機会:素材別

第8章 顧客情勢

  • 顧客情勢の概要

第9章 地域別情勢

  • 地域別セグメンテーション
  • 地域別比較
  • 北米:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 欧州:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • アジア太平洋:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 南米:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 中東・アフリカ:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 米国:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • ドイツ:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 英国:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 中国:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • カナダ:市場規模と予測 2023-2028
  • 市場機会:地域情勢別

第10章 促進要因、課題、および動向

  • 市場促進要因
  • 市場の課題
  • 促進要因と課題の影響
  • 市場動向

第11章 ベンダー情勢

  • 概要
  • ベンダー情勢
  • 混乱の状況
  • 業界のリスク

第12章 ベンダー分析

  • 対象ベンダー
  • ベンダーの市場ポジショニング
  • Amcor plc
  • Avery Dennison Corp.
  • Bormioli Pharma Spa
  • Carl Zeiss AG
  • Centre for Process Innovation Ltd.
  • CVC Technologies Inc.
  • DuPont de Nemours Inc.
  • Graphic Packaging Holding Co.
  • Honeywell International Inc.
  • Koerber AG
  • LOG Pharma Packaging
  • Origin Pharma Packaging
  • ProAmpac Holdings Inc.
  • Shanghai Industrial Holdings Ltd.
  • West Pharmaceutical Services Inc.

第13章 付録

図表

Exhibits:

  • Exhibits1: Executive Summary - Chart on Market Overview
  • Exhibits2: Executive Summary - Data Table on Market Overview
  • Exhibits3: Executive Summary - Chart on Global Market Characteristics
  • Exhibits4: Executive Summary - Chart on Market By Geographical Landscape
  • Exhibits5: Executive Summary - Chart on Market Segmentation by Product
  • Exhibits6: Executive Summary - Chart on Market Segmentation by Material
  • Exhibits7: Executive Summary - Chart on Incremental Growth
  • Exhibits8: Executive Summary - Data Table on Incremental Growth
  • Exhibits9: Executive Summary - Chart on Vendor Market Positioning
  • Exhibits10: Parent market
  • Exhibits11: Market Characteristics
  • Exhibits12: Offerings of vendors included in the market definition
  • Exhibits13: Market segments
  • Exhibits14: Chart on Global - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits15: Data Table on Global - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits16: Chart on Global Market: Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits17: Data Table on Global Market: Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits18: Historic Market Size - Data Table on global active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market 2018 - 2022 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits19: Historic Market Size - Product Segment 2018 - 2022 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits20: Historic Market Size - Material Segment 2018 - 2022 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits21: Historic Market Size - Geography Segment 2018 - 2022 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits22: Historic Market Size - Country Segment 2018 - 2022 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits23: Five forces analysis - Comparison between 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits24: Chart on Bargaining power of buyers - Impact of key factors 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits25: Bargaining power of suppliers - Impact of key factors in 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits26: Threat of new entrants - Impact of key factors in 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits27: Threat of substitutes - Impact of key factors in 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits28: Threat of rivalry - Impact of key factors in 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits29: Chart on Market condition - Five forces 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits30: Chart on Product - Market share 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits31: Data Table on Product - Market share 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits32: Chart on Comparison by Product
  • Exhibits33: Data Table on Comparison by Product
  • Exhibits34: Chart on Active packaging - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits35: Data Table on Active packaging - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits36: Chart on Active packaging - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits37: Data Table on Active packaging - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits38: Chart on Intelligent packaging - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits39: Data Table on Intelligent packaging - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits40: Chart on Intelligent packaging - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits41: Data Table on Intelligent packaging - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits42: Market opportunity by Product ($ billion)
  • Exhibits43: Data Table on Market opportunity by Product ($ billion)
  • Exhibits44: Chart on Material - Market share 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits45: Data Table on Material - Market share 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits46: Chart on Comparison by Material
  • Exhibits47: Data Table on Comparison by Material
  • Exhibits48: Chart on Solid - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits49: Data Table on Solid - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits50: Chart on Solid - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits51: Data Table on Solid - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits52: Chart on Liquid - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits53: Data Table on Liquid - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits54: Chart on Liquid - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits55: Data Table on Liquid - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits56: Market opportunity by Material ($ billion)
  • Exhibits57: Data Table on Market opportunity by Material ($ billion)
  • Exhibits58: Analysis of price sensitivity, lifecycle, customer purchase basket, adoption rates, and purchase criteria
  • Exhibits59: Chart on Market share By Geographical Landscape 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits60: Data Table on Market share By Geographical Landscape 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits61: Chart on Geographic comparison
  • Exhibits62: Data Table on Geographic comparison
  • Exhibits63: Chart on North America - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits64: Data Table on North America - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits65: Chart on North America - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits66: Data Table on North America - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits67: Chart on Europe - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits68: Data Table on Europe - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits69: Chart on Europe - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits70: Data Table on Europe - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits71: Chart on APAC - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits72: Data Table on APAC - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits73: Chart on APAC - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits74: Data Table on APAC - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits75: Chart on South America - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits76: Data Table on South America - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits77: Chart on South America - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits78: Data Table on South America - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits79: Chart on Middle East and Africa - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits80: Data Table on Middle East and Africa - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits81: Chart on Middle East and Africa - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits82: Data Table on Middle East and Africa - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits83: Chart on US - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits84: Data Table on US - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits85: Chart on US - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits86: Data Table on US - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits87: Chart on Germany - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits88: Data Table on Germany - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits89: Chart on Germany - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits90: Data Table on Germany - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits91: Chart on UK - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits92: Data Table on UK - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits93: Chart on UK - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits94: Data Table on UK - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits95: Chart on China - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits96: Data Table on China - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits97: Chart on China - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits98: Data Table on China - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits99: Chart on Canada - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits100: Data Table on Canada - Market size and forecast 2023-2028 ($ billion)
  • Exhibits101: Chart on Canada - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits102: Data Table on Canada - Year-over-year growth 2023-2028 (%)
  • Exhibits103: Market opportunity By Geographical Landscape ($ billion)
  • Exhibits104: Data Tables on Market opportunity By Geographical Landscape ($ billion)
  • Exhibits105: Impact of drivers and challenges in 2023 and 2028
  • Exhibits106: Overview on Criticality of inputs and Factors of differentiation
  • Exhibits107: Overview on factors of disruption
  • Exhibits108: Impact of key risks on business
  • Exhibits109: Vendors covered
  • Exhibits110: Matrix on vendor position and classification
  • Exhibits111: Amcor plc - Overview
  • Exhibits112: Amcor plc - Business segments
  • Exhibits113: Amcor plc - Key news
  • Exhibits114: Amcor plc - Key offerings
  • Exhibits115: Amcor plc - Segment focus
  • Exhibits116: Avery Dennison Corp. - Overview
  • Exhibits117: Avery Dennison Corp. - Business segments
  • Exhibits118: Avery Dennison Corp. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits119: Avery Dennison Corp. - Segment focus
  • Exhibits120: Bormioli Pharma Spa - Overview
  • Exhibits121: Bormioli Pharma Spa - Product / Service
  • Exhibits122: Bormioli Pharma Spa - Key offerings
  • Exhibits123: Carl Zeiss AG - Overview
  • Exhibits124: Carl Zeiss AG - Business segments
  • Exhibits125: Carl Zeiss AG - Key offerings
  • Exhibits126: Carl Zeiss AG - Segment focus
  • Exhibits127: Centre for Process Innovation Ltd. - Overview
  • Exhibits128: Centre for Process Innovation Ltd. - Product / Service
  • Exhibits129: Centre for Process Innovation Ltd. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits130: CVC Technologies Inc. - Overview
  • Exhibits131: CVC Technologies Inc. - Product / Service
  • Exhibits132: CVC Technologies Inc. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits133: DuPont de Nemours Inc. - Overview
  • Exhibits134: DuPont de Nemours Inc. - Business segments
  • Exhibits135: DuPont de Nemours Inc. - Key news
  • Exhibits136: DuPont de Nemours Inc. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits137: DuPont de Nemours Inc. - Segment focus
  • Exhibits138: Graphic Packaging Holding Co. - Overview
  • Exhibits139: Graphic Packaging Holding Co. - Business segments
  • Exhibits140: Graphic Packaging Holding Co. - Key news
  • Exhibits141: Graphic Packaging Holding Co. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits142: Graphic Packaging Holding Co. - Segment focus
  • Exhibits143: Honeywell International Inc. - Overview
  • Exhibits144: Honeywell International Inc. - Business segments
  • Exhibits145: Honeywell International Inc. - Key news
  • Exhibits146: Honeywell International Inc. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits147: Honeywell International Inc. - Segment focus
  • Exhibits148: Koerber AG - Overview
  • Exhibits149: Koerber AG - Product / Service
  • Exhibits150: Koerber AG - Key news
  • Exhibits151: Koerber AG - Key offerings
  • Exhibits152: LOG Pharma Packaging - Overview
  • Exhibits153: LOG Pharma Packaging - Product / Service
  • Exhibits154: LOG Pharma Packaging - Key offerings
  • Exhibits155: Origin Pharma Packaging - Overview
  • Exhibits156: Origin Pharma Packaging - Product / Service
  • Exhibits157: Origin Pharma Packaging - Key offerings
  • Exhibits158: ProAmpac Holdings Inc. - Overview
  • Exhibits159: ProAmpac Holdings Inc. - Product / Service
  • Exhibits160: ProAmpac Holdings Inc. - Key news
  • Exhibits161: ProAmpac Holdings Inc. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits162: Shanghai Industrial Holdings Ltd. - Overview
  • Exhibits163: Shanghai Industrial Holdings Ltd. - Business segments
  • Exhibits164: Shanghai Industrial Holdings Ltd. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits165: Shanghai Industrial Holdings Ltd. - Segment focus
  • Exhibits166: West Pharmaceutical Services Inc. - Overview
  • Exhibits167: West Pharmaceutical Services Inc. - Business segments
  • Exhibits168: West Pharmaceutical Services Inc. - Key news
  • Exhibits169: West Pharmaceutical Services Inc. - Key offerings
  • Exhibits170: West Pharmaceutical Services Inc. - Segment focus
  • Exhibits171: Inclusions checklist
  • Exhibits172: Exclusions checklist
  • Exhibits173: Currency conversion rates for US$
  • Exhibits174: Research methodology
  • Exhibits175: Validation techniques employed for market sizing
  • Exhibits176: Information sources
  • Exhibits177: List of abbreviations
目次
Product Code: IRTNTR72296

The active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market is forecasted to grow by USD 1.32 bn during 2023-2028, accelerating at a CAGR of 8.66% during the forecast period. The report on the active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market provides a holistic analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors.

The report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current market scenario, the latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The market is driven by growing sales of pharmaceuticals globally, increased demand for pharmaceutical packaging in emerging economies, and growing demand for convenience in pharmaceutical packaging.

Technavio's active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market is segmented as below:

Market Scope
Base Year2024
End Year2028
Series Year2024-2028
Growth MomentumAccelerate
YOY 20248.22%
CAGR8.66%
Incremental Value$1.32bn

By Product

  • Active packaging
  • Intelligent packaging

By Material

  • Solid
  • Liquid

By Geographical Landscape

  • North America
  • Europe
  • APAC
  • South America
  • Middle East and Africa

This study identifies the expanding popularity of lightweight packaging materials as one of the prime reasons driving the active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market growth during the next few years. Also, rising use of near-field communication (NFC) and radio-frequency identification (RFID) technologies and advent of data-driven packaging will lead to sizable demand in the market.

The report on the active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market covers the following areas:

  • Active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market sizing
  • Active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market forecast
  • Active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market industry analysis

The robust vendor analysis is designed to help clients improve their market position, and in line with this, this report provides a detailed analysis of several leading active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market vendors that include Amcor plc, August Faller GmbH and CO. KG, Avery Dennison Corp., Bormioli Pharma Spa, Carl Zeiss AG, Centre for Process Innovation Ltd., CVC Technologies Inc., DuPont de Nemours Inc., Graphic Packaging Holding Co., Honeywell International Inc., Koerber AG, LOG Pharma Packaging, Nolato AB, Optel Group, Origin Pharma Packaging, PAXXUS Inc., Preston Sp z oo, ProAmpac Holdings Inc., Shanghai Industrial Holdings Ltd., and West Pharmaceutical Services Inc.. Also, the active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market analysis report includes information on upcoming trends and challenges that will influence market growth. This is to help companies strategize and leverage all forthcoming growth opportunities.

The study was conducted using an objective combination of primary and secondary information including inputs from key participants in the industry. The report contains a comprehensive market and vendor landscape in addition to an analysis of the key vendors.

The publisher presents a detailed picture of the market by the way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters such as profit, pricing, competition, and promotions. It presents various market facets by identifying the key industry influencers. The data presented is comprehensive, reliable, and a result of extensive research - both primary and secondary. The market research reports provide a complete competitive landscape and an in-depth vendor selection methodology and analysis using qualitative and quantitative research to forecast the accurate market growth.

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary

  • 1.1 Market overview

2 Market Landscape

  • 2.1 Market ecosystem

3 Market Sizing

  • 3.1 Market definition
  • 3.2 Market segment analysis
  • 3.3 Market size 2023
  • 3.4 Market outlook: Forecast for 2023-2028

4 Historic Market Size

  • 4.1 Global active and intelligent packaging in pharmaceutical market 2018 - 2022
  • 4.2 Product Segment Analysis 2018 - 2022
  • 4.3 Material Segment Analysis 2018 - 2022
  • 4.4 Geography Segment Analysis 2018 - 2022
  • 4.5 Country Segment Analysis 2018 - 2022

5 Five Forces Analysis

  • 5.1 Five forces summary
  • 5.2 Bargaining power of buyers
  • 5.3 Bargaining power of suppliers
  • 5.4 Threat of new entrants
  • 5.5 Threat of substitutes
  • 5.6 Threat of rivalry
  • 5.7 Market condition

6 Market Segmentation by Product

  • 6.1 Market segments
  • 6.2 Comparison by Product
  • 6.3 Active packaging - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 6.4 Intelligent packaging - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 6.5 Market opportunity by Product

7 Market Segmentation by Material

  • 7.1 Market segments
  • 7.2 Comparison by Material
  • 7.3 Solid - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 7.4 Liquid - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 7.5 Market opportunity by Material

8 Customer Landscape

  • 8.1 Customer landscape overview

9 Geographic Landscape

  • 9.1 Geographic segmentation
  • 9.2 Geographic comparison
  • 9.3 North America - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.4 Europe - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.5 APAC - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.6 South America - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.7 Middle East and Africa - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.8 US - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.9 Germany - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.10 UK - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.11 China - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.12 Canada - Market size and forecast 2023-2028
  • 9.13 Market opportunity By Geographical Landscape

10 Drivers, Challenges, and Trends

  • 10.1 Market drivers
  • 10.2 Market challenges
  • 10.3 Impact of drivers and challenges
  • 10.4 Market trends

11 Vendor Landscape

  • 11.1 Overview
  • 11.2 Vendor landscape
  • 11.3 Landscape disruption
  • 11.4 Industry risks

12 Vendor Analysis

  • 12.1 Vendors covered
  • 12.2 Market positioning of vendors
  • 12.3 Amcor plc
  • 12.4 Avery Dennison Corp.
  • 12.5 Bormioli Pharma Spa
  • 12.6 Carl Zeiss AG
  • 12.7 Centre for Process Innovation Ltd.
  • 12.8 CVC Technologies Inc.
  • 12.9 DuPont de Nemours Inc.
  • 12.10 Graphic Packaging Holding Co.
  • 12.11 Honeywell International Inc.
  • 12.12 Koerber AG
  • 12.13 LOG Pharma Packaging
  • 12.14 Origin Pharma Packaging
  • 12.15 ProAmpac Holdings Inc.
  • 12.16 Shanghai Industrial Holdings Ltd.
  • 12.17 West Pharmaceutical Services Inc.

13 Appendix

  • 13.1 Scope of the report
  • 13.2 Inclusions and exclusions checklist
  • 13.3 Currency conversion rates for US$
  • 13.4 Research methodology
  • 13.5 List of abbreviations