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市場調査レポート

世界の変圧器市場レポート

Transformer Report- 2018 - Ed 6

発行 StatPlan Energy Limited 商品コード 247102
出版日 ページ情報 英文 252 pages
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世界の変圧器市場レポート Transformer Report- 2018 - Ed 6
出版日: 2018年01月01日 ページ情報: 英文 252 pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界の電力用・配電用変圧器の市場を包括的に調査し、地域および主要国における各種動向、市場への影響因子、変圧器の年間需要、保有規模、主要製造業者などの分析、需要量・設備容量の推移と予測、各種コストとコスト構成の分析、価格動向と価格への影響因子の分析、関連標準規格の動向、省エネルギー性能や電化、ロジスティクス部門の状況など変圧器市場に影響を及ぼす関連動向の分析などをまとめています。

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 電力用&配電用変圧器市場

第2章 過去のSTATPLAN SURVEY (第1-6版) の比較

第3章 北米市場

  • 市場のレビュー
    • 保有規模
    • 需要構成
    • 市場成長推進因子
    • MEPS標準規格、など

第4章 欧州市場

  • 地域市場
  • フランス
  • ドイツ
  • イタリア
  • スぺイン
  • 英国
  • トルコ
    • 年間需要
    • 保有規模
    • 市場成長推進因子
    • 製造業者、など

第5章 CIS諸国市場

  • ロシア
    • 年間需要
    • 保有規模
    • 市場成長推進因子
    • 製造業者、など

第6章 中東・アフリカ市場

  • イラン
  • UAE
    • 保有規模
    • 製造業者、など

第7章 アジア太平洋市場

  • 中国
  • 日本
  • インド
  • インドネシア
  • 韓国
  • 台湾
  • タイ
    • 年間需要
    • 保有規模
    • 市場成長推進因子
    • 製造業者、など

第8章 中南米市場

  • ブラジル
  • メキシコ
    • 年間需要
    • 保有規模
    • 市場成長推進因子
    • 製造業者、など

第9章 バリューチェーン

  • 6レベルのバリューチェーン
  • 原材料

第10章 小売売上・導入コスト

第11章 ユーティリティ・GSU・産業用電力・配電用変圧器の設備容量・設置数・ユニットあたりの平均KVA

第12章 ネットワーク変圧器のレイアウト

第13章 長期需要サイクル

第14章 変圧器/発電機の設備容量比率 (MVA:MW)

第15章 スマート変圧器

第16章 N-1・N-2・2N・冗長性・代替

第17章 価格動向・価格への影響因子

第18章 接続ポイント・集中型&分散型発電・電圧レベル

第19章 MEPS

第20章 エネルギー効率・高効率変圧器:MEPS

第21章 製造能力:地域別

第22章 市場シェア

第23章 ロジスティクス

  • 鉄道輸送
  • 道路輸送
  • 後輪駆動車
  • 関税
  • 代替ソリューション

第24章 エレクトリフィケーション:地域別

第25章 調査手法

目次

This is the 6th edition of the StatPlan Transformer Report. The report sizes demand for power and distribution transformers in base year 2017 and forecasts sales from 2018 to 2022.

The report contains comprehensive quantitative data and qualitative analysis of the transformer markets, globally and for all regions and countries.

The markets for power and distribution transformers in 2017 in regions and major countries are analysed, with sales and the installed base by type of transformer and ownership. In an historical record, the six StatPlan Transformer Surveys are compared, with the installed base by type of transformer and ownership from 2012 to 2017.

The report predicts market trends in volume and value from 2017 to 2022, with the factors affecting price; input costs for raw materials, labour, energy and production capacity. Transformer production capacity is assessed in MVA by country and major manufacturer.

Production capacity in tonnes and manufacturers of electrical steel are analysed. Market shares in value of the leading transformer manufacturers are listed.

The changing landscape of generation and the networks with the growth of DER and renewables, energy efficiency, logistics, electrification and other issues are identified and discussed, with commentary on the impact on transformers.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • The power transformer market
  • United States
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • Korea
  • Indonesia
  • LAC
  • Long term demand cycle
  • Transformer: generator capacity ratios - MVA - MW
  • Channels to market
  • Transformer types
  • Efficiency transformers
  • Smart transformers
  • Trends in the generation mix
  • Manufacturing capacity, global and by region
  • Price trend
  • Redundancy
  • Logistics
  • Electrification

1. THE POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER MARKET

2. THE GROWTH OF THE WORLD'S TRANSFORMER FLEEET SIX STATPLAN SURVEYS, EDITIONS 1 - 6

3. NORTH AMERICAN TRANSFORMER MARKET

MARKET REVIEW

  • Transformer stock
  • Composition of demand
  • The utility market in the United States
  • Transformer market drivers
  • Utility investment
  • Manufacturing industry review - facilities
  • Power transformers
  • USA plant
  • NAFTA suppliers in Canada and Mexico
  • Large power transformers (LPT)
  • Medium power transformers
  • Distribution transformers
  • MV distribution transformer
  • Liquid-immersed
  • Dry type
  • LV distribution transformers
  • Dry type
  • Amorphous core transformer manufacturers
  • Canadian manufacturers
  • Purchase considerations and delivery channels
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
  • CEE- Consortium for Energy Efficiency
  • MEPS standards
  • Canadian standards

4. EUROPEAN TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • REGIONAL MARKET
  • Regional overview of the European utility system
  • Transformer voltages in the utility network and industry
  • High efficiency transformers
  • A changing network landscape - distributed power - smart transformers
  • European utility crisis
  • Transformer market Drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • European transformer manufacturing industry review
  • FRANCE
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Market leaders - Alstom, Schneider, development in France
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • GERMANY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Market leader - Siemens
  • German utility crisis
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • ITALY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • SPAIN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • UNITED KINGDOM
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • TURKEY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers

5. CIS TRANSFORMER MARKET

  • RUSSIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • The Russian power system
  • Market drivers
  • Russian transformer manufacturers
  • Ukrainian transformer manufacturer

6. MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • IRAN
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • SAUDI ARABIA
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • UAE
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers

7. ASIA PACIFIC TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • REGIONAL OVERVIEW
  • Investment as a % of GDP
  • CHINA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • UHV AC and HVDC transformer markets in China
  • Chinese suppliers and foreign suppliers
  • UHV market participants
  • International firms in China's UHV Market
  • Power and distribution transformers ≥ 220 kV ≤ UHV
  • Power and distribution transformers ≤ 220 kV
  • Distribution transformers for MV and LV distribution
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • The structure of the Chinese power sector
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • JAPAN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • Overseas production
  • INDIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Electrification
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • Capacity and utilisation
  • INDONESIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • KOREA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • TAIWAN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • THAILAND
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers

8. LAC TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • BRAZIL
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • MEXICO
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Transformer manufacturers

9. THE VALUE CHAIN - FROM MATERIALS TO CAPEX

  • The value chain at 6 levels
  • Raw material inputs

10. TRANSFORMER SALES AT RETAIL PRICE AND INSTALLED COST

11. UTILITY, GSU & INDUSTRIAL POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER INSTALLED CAPACITY, NUMBERS AND AVERAGE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER KVA PER UNIT

12. NETWORK TRANSFORMER LAYOUT

  • THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS
  • Stage 1
  • Stage 2
  • Stage 3
  • Stage 4
  • Network configurations for distribution - Radial, Loop and Network systems
  • Industry
  • Review of regional utility network practices - The link from medium voltage to low voltage
  • North America
  • Japan
  • Europe
  • Types of transformer
  • Liquid dielectric transformers
  • Dry-type transformers
  • Gas filled transformers
  • Evolution of power transformers by size and capacity
  • Ownership of power and distribution transformers
  • Ownership of GSU transformers

13. THE LONG-TERM DEMAND CYCLE 1900-2050

  • INSTALLED CAPACITY
  • INSTALLED CAPACITY VERSUS DEMAND
  • The China Factor

14. TRANSFORMER: GENERATOR RATIOS - MVA: MW

15. SMART TRANSFORMERS

  • What are smart transformers?
  • Smart transformers and the smart grid

16. N-1 STANDARD, N-2 AND 2N, REDUNDANCY AND REPLACEMENT

  • Network failure
  • Transformer failure
  • Industrial reliability
  • Levels of redundancy
  • Network reliability
  • N-1 and the networks
  • Reliability standards SAIFI and SAIDI
  • Electricity transmission
  • Large power transformers (LPTs)
  • Transformer/generator ratios and redundancy
  • Generation
  • Transmission
  • Distribution

17. PRICE TRENDS AND FACTORS DRIVING TRANSFORMER PRICES

  • PPI - Producer Price Index
  • USA
  • EU
  • China
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Demand for transformers - market and industry trends
  • Production capacity
  • Production capacity of raw materials
  • Production capacity of manufactured equipment
  • Manufacturing input cost composition
  • Composition of manufacturing inputs
  • Input costs - raw materials
  • Metal consumption
  • Steel
  • Electrical Steel
  • The electrical steel market
  • Electrical steel producers
  • AK Steel
  • Allegheny Ludlum
  • Angang Steel
  • ArcelorMittal
  • China Steel Corporation
  • JFE Steel Corporation
  • Nippon Steel Corporation
  • (NLMK) Metallurgic al Plant
  • Pohang Iron and Steel (POSCO)
  • Shanghai Baosteel
  • Stalprodukt S.A.
  • Tata Steel (Cogent Power Ltd.)
  • Thyssen Krupp Steel
  • WCI Steel
  • Wuhan Iron and Steel (WISCO)
  • Copper and Aluminium
  • Copper
  • Aluminium
  • Transformer oil
  • Input costs - labour
  • Input costs - energy

18. THE POINT OF CONNECTION, CENTRAL AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND VOLTAGE

  • Trends in the generation mix
  • The impact of generation developments on transformation technology
  • Decentralised power
  • Czech Republic
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Spain

19. MEPS - Minimum Energy Performance Standards

  • MEPS (Minimum Energy Performance Standards)
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • European Union
  • Australia
  • Japan
  • China
  • Korea
  • India

20. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND HIGH EFFICIENCY TRANSFORMERS - MEPS

  • Development of a new technology - amorphous core transformers
  • The market for AMTs
  • Amorphous metal ribbon manufacturers
  • Amorphous metal transformers - AMTs
  • Japan
  • China
  • United States
  • India
  • Taiwan
  • Other
  • HTS -high temperature superconductor transformers

21. TRANSFORMER PRODUCTION CAPACITY

  • MANUFACTURING CAPACITY, GLOBAL AND BY REGION
  • Capacity utilisation
  • North America (United States, Canada)
  • Mexico
  • Latin America (excluding Mexico)
  • China
  • India
  • Korea
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Africa
  • Global balance of production capacity and demand

22. GLOBAL MARKET SHARE POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, VALUE, 2017

23. LOGISTICS

  • Rail transport
  • Road transport
  • Rear wheel drive
  • Clearance
  • Alternative solutions

24. ELECTRIFICATION

  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Asia
  • MENA
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • North America
  • The impact of electrification on the electrical supply industry

25. METHODOLOGY

  • Short term demand forecast
  • Long term demand cycle
  • Demand cycles and the market
  • StatPlan Energy Databases
  • Transformation capacity
  • Review of the transformer databases
  • 1. Utility/industry ownership
  • 2. The proportion of GSU/transmission PTs
  • 3. Redundancy.

Figures

  • Figure 1: Annual growth of the transformer market in volume and value, 2017-2022
  • Figure 2: The global transformer fleet 2012-2017, generator and transformer capacity
  • Figure 3: The global transformer fleet by transformer type, 2012-2017
  • Figure 4: Ratio of distribution transformers to generating capacity, installed base 1960-2016
  • Figure 5: Utility investment in transmission and distribution, 1977 to 2015, nominal $
  • Figure 6: Imports of power transformers (Oil filled ≥ 10 MVA), into the United States from Canada, Mexico and Korea 2000-2015, $ value
  • Figure 7: Market capitalisation of seleced European utilities
  • Figure 8: Investment as a % of GDP, selected countries and economic groupings, 1980-2020
  • Figure 9: Market shares for UHV AC and HVDC transformers in China
  • Figure 10: Market shares of leading transformer manufacturers for SGCC's HV, MV and LV tenders
  • Figure 11: Production, consumption and exports of distribution transformers in China, 2006-2017
  • Figure 12: Structure of the Chinese electric power industry
  • Figure 13: The UK Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution System
  • Figure 14: Evolution of transformers in voltage kV and capacity MVA
  • Figure 15: Proportion of capacity (MVA) generator, utility and private industry ownership of power and distribution transformers by region, 2016
  • Figure 16: Installed capacity of power and distribution transformers, GVA, 1900-2050
  • Figure 17: Global installed transformation capacity and demand, GVA, 1900-2050
  • Figure 18: The cycle of demand, new and replacement capacity, GVA, 1900-2050
  • Figure 19: Global utility transformation capacity installed base by region, GVA, 1900-2050
  • Figure 20: Demand for power and distribution transformers, China and the World, GVA, 1900-2050
  • Figure 21: Regional variation in long term demand, 1900-2050
  • Figure 22: Conventional grid with unidirectional power flow
  • Figure 23: Active distribution grid with intelligent transformer substations
  • Figure 24: Power, distribution and specialty transformers Producer Price Index, USA, 1967-2017
  • Figure 25: Europe Producer Price Index for industrial manufactures 2012 to Q2 - 2016
  • Figure 26: China Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2005-2015
  • Figure 27: Japan Producer Price Index for electrical machinery and equipment 1996-2016
  • Figure 28: Korea Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2012-2016
  • Figure 29: Costs of manufacturing an oil filled- transformer
  • Figure 30: Copper prices 2007-2017
  • Figure 31: Copper prices forecast to 2030, constant US$
  • Figure 32: Aluminium prices forecast to 2030, constant US$
  • Figure 33: Labour compensation cost, including direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labour-related taxes (US = 100).
  • Figure 34: Labour costs including wages and salaries, social insurance and labour-related taxes
  • Figure 35: Minimum wages in China in yuan per month 1995-2012
  • Figure 36: Wage inflation in China versus the US, India and Mexico, 2005-2012
  • Figure 37: Global energy cost index (2010 = 100)
  • Figure 38: Global generating capacity mix, 1990-2050
  • Figure 39: Global generating capacity mix by energy source, 1990-2050
  • Figure 40: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990-2013
  • Figure 41: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990-2013
  • Figure 42: Global market share power and distribution transformers, $ value, 2017
  • Figure 43: Two Schnabel cars unloaded
  • Figure 44: Schnabel car with load
  • Figure 45: The largest load ever transported by road in the United Kingdom
  • Figure 46: The trailer approaches a narrow turning in Scotland
  • Figure 47: The trailer's rear wheels begin the turn in Scotland
  • Figure 48: The trailer is has turned the corner in Scotland
  • Figure 49: Overhead obstructions
  • Figure 50: Transformer off the road
  • Figure 51: Share of people without electricity access for developing countries, 2016
  • Figure 52: World electrification - % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 53: World electrification - number and % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 54: Selected major countries - % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 55: Selected major countries - Number of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 56: Regional totals of electrified households 2010-2050
  • Figure 57: Additions of electrified households in each decade by region, 2010-2050
  • Figure 58: Diagram of new plus total replacement capacity

Tables

  • Table 1: Power and distribution transformer demand, MVA and $ in real and nominal values, 2017
  • Table 2: World transformer demand forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 3: World transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
  • Table 4: World transformer demand forecast,
  • Table 5: World transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost,
  • Table 6: The global transformer fleet by transformer type, 2012-2017,
  • Table 7: North America, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ million
  • Table 8: North America, power and distribution transformer sales forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 9: North America, power transformer sales forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 10: North America, distribution transformer sales forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 11: US power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 12: Detailed shipment data for power and distribution transformers in the US, 2009
  • Table 13: Market shares of Power Transformer Producers in the United States, 2015
  • Table 14: Europe, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
  • Table 15: Europe, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 16: Europe, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 17: Europe, distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 18: French power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 19: German power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 20: Italian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 21: Spanish power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 22: UK power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 23: Turkish power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 24: CIS, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
  • Table 25: CIS, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 26: CIS, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 27: CIS distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 28: Russian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 29: MENA, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
  • Table 30: MENA, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 31: MENA, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 32: MENA, distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 33: Iranian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 34: Saudi Arabian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 35: UAE power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 36: Asia Pacific, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
  • Table 37: Asia Pacific, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 38: Asia Pacific, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 39: Asia Pacific, distribution total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 40: Chinese power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 41: The operational UHV circuits in China in 2017
  • Table 42: UHV circuits under construction in China in 2017
  • Table 43: Key Technologies for UHV AC systems
  • Table 44: Key technologies for UVH DC systems
  • Table 45: Japanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 46: Transformer manufacturers in Japan
  • Table 47: Indian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 48: Indian transformer production capacity GVA
  • Table 49: Transformer manufacturers in India
  • Table 50: Indonesian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 51: Korean power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 52: Taiwanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 53: Korean power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 54: LAC, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
  • Table 55: LAC, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 56: LAC, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 57: LAC, distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
  • Table 58: Brazilian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 59: Mexican power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
  • Table 60: Costs and mark-up from Bill of Materials to Capex
  • Table 61: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost by region, 2017-2022, $ million
  • Table 62: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, World, 2017
  • Table 63: Number and average capacity in kVA of Distribution transformers by country and ownership, World, 2017
  • Table 64: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, North America, 2017
  • Table 65: Number and average capacity in kVA of Distribution transformers by country and ownership North America, 2017
  • Table 66: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Europe, 2017
  • Table 67: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Europe, 2017
  • Table 68: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, CIS, 2017
  • Table 69: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, CIS, 2017
  • Table 70: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Middle East and North Africa, 2017
  • Table 71: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Middle East and North Africa, 2017
  • Table 72: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Asia Pacific, 2017
  • Table 73: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Asia Pacific, 2017
  • Table 74: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2017
  • Table 75: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership Africa, 2017
  • Table 76: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, LAC, 2017
  • Table 77: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, LAC, 2017
  • Table 78: Average numbers of household consumers per DT
  • Table 79: Number of LV consumers, number of distribution transformers and average LV customers per transformer in selected countries, 2014
  • Table 80: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), World, 2017
  • Table 81: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Europe, 2017
  • Table 82: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), CIS, 2017
  • Table 83: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Middle East and North Africa, 2017
  • Table 84: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), S-S Africa, 2017
  • Table 85: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Asia Pacific, 2017
  • Table 86: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), North America, 2017
  • Table 87: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Latin America, 2017
  • Table 88: Electrical steel producers by country and production
  • Table 89: Voltage level of for connection to the grid, German rules
  • Table 90: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Czech Republic, 2012
  • Table 91: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Germany, 2012
  • Table 92: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Italy, 2012
  • Table 93: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Spain, 2012
  • Table 94: Network losses by region
  • Table 95: Manufacturers of energy efficient transformers in China, 2013
  • Table 96: World production capacity for transformers, GVA, 2017
  • Table 97: Global production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2017
  • Table 98: China, domestic production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2017
  • Table 99: India, production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2007-2016
  • Table 100: CIS, production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA
  • Table 101: Population and electrical parameters of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa
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