Automotive Electro-hydraulic Power Steering Market - Growth, Trends and Forecast (2020 - 2025)
発行: Mordor Intelligence Pvt Ltd
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The global electro-hydraulic power steering market is anticipated to register a CAGR of over 8% during the forecast period (2020 - 2025).
As most vehicles now-a-days have become heavier and switched to front wheel drive, along with an increase in tire diameter and width, the effort needed to turn the steering wheel manually would also increase. To reduce the manual effort, power steering or rather power-assisted steering were introduced to assist the driver. An advantage of power steering is its speed adjustable characteristic, where the steering is assisted more at low speed and assisted lightly at high speed so as to increase the control over the vehicle. This feature has gradually become a commonplace across all new vehicles. Of the different types of steering systems available now-a-days, electro-hydraulic power steering is one of them.
Electro-hydraulic hybrid systems allow a conventional hydraulic steering to run without the need of an engine-driven hydraulic pump. The hydraulic pressure instead is supplied by an electric motor pump unit that does not draw power from the engine. This concept is particularly helpful in vehicles that utilize conventional hydraulic steering as a basic technology, but are also offered for hybrid-electric vehicle variants.
The global automotive electro-hydraulic power steering system market is segmented by vehicle type and geography. The commercial vehicle segment held the largest market share in 2018, accounting for nearly 75% of the market.
Advancements in Electric Power Steering (EPS) Technology Phasing Out the Electro-Hydraulic System
Failure of steering systems in vehicles, such as Ford Focus (2008) and Mercury Mariner SUV, helped in bringing about significant changes in electric power steering (EPS) technologies, driven by the improvements and advancements of steering sensors.
An electric power steering (EPS) does not use any form of hydraulic pressure to provide the steering assistance. This technology is fully electronic, and uses an electric motor to provide direct assistance. Since there is no power lost in generating and transmitting the hydraulic power, these systems are typically more efficient than the conventional hydraulic or electro-hydraulic steering systems. Furthermore, EPS systems are less complex than hydraulic systems. Hence, they are easier to manufacture. Moreover, car owners find it easier to maintain these systems, as there are less fluids and oils involved.
Many auto manufactures and OEMs, such as Bosch, Nexteer, Ford, Nissan, etc., are increasingly researching and adopting EPS in their upcoming vehicles, which may deter the growth of electro-hydraulic systems. For instance, Ford has integrated a pull-drift steering compensation as an additional feature to its new EPS system. The company acknowledges EPS with pull-drift as an improvement in the sensor system, which helps to constantly measure the driver's steering torque. It also helps in adapting to the changing road conditions, and adjustment to the slightest of steering changes.
Commercial Vehicles market expected to Witness High Growth in India
Energy savings is one of the most significant concerns in the development of new heavy vehicles, especially steering systems, as over 70% of the fuel consumed by a conventional hydraulic power steering (HPS) systems is unnecessary and can be avoided.
EHPS offers more fuel savings than an HPS system, which transitions to great cost benefits for commercial vehicle owners. For instance, an EHPS product from TRW has achieved fuel savings of 0.2 L/100 km, as compared to a conventional HPS system. EHPS system also has a significantly higher rack load than an HPS system.
India is a huge market for vehicles, such as heavy trucks, construction machinery, and agricultural machinery. Electro-hydraulic power steering systems are employed in majority of these vehicles within the country. A hydraulic power-assist steering system proposed by Tata Motors from India features a magnetic clutch between the engine and steering pump, so that the pump could work only on-demand, which reduces energy consumption. This simple strategy is now being implemented in heavy-duty vehicles.
Thus, with companies coming up with new innovations in this segment, the market for EHPS is expected to grow over the forecast period for the commercial vehicles segment.
Some of the major players dominating the global market are JTEKT Corporation, Nexteer Automotive Group Ltd, ZF Friedrichshafen AG , NSK Ltd., and Robert Bosch GmbH.
There are few players in the market who hold a major share in the market. The players prefer a long-standing partnership with the major OEMs and are OEMs preferred suppliers for steering systems. The top 5 players hold almost 75% of the market as of 2019.