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世界の生分解性ポリマー市場

Biodegradable Polymers

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 196813
出版日 ページ情報 英文 149 Pages
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世界の生分解性ポリマー市場 Biodegradable Polymers
出版日: 2017年02月21日 ページ情報: 英文 149 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界の生分解性ポリマー市場について調査し、市場概要、市場実績の推計・CAGR予測を含めた市場動向の分析、市場を取り巻くさまざまな問題、種類・用途・技術別の分析、法規制・特許情勢、および業界参入企業のプロファイルなどを提供しております。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 用語

第4章 背景/歴史

  • 概要
  • バイオポリマーと合成ポリマーにおけるギャップ
  • ニッチ市場
  • 新たな重点
  • 環境上の課題
  • 生分解性プラスチックと廃棄インフラの統合
  • 初期の澱粉由来材料
  • コンポスト化可能バッグの導入
  • 継続する研究開発
  • 初期の参入企業
  • バラ詰めの重要性
  • その他の要因
  • バイオポリマー、従来のプラスチック、生分解性ポリマー
  • 天然 or 合成
  • 再生可能ソースへの移行
  • リサイクルループの拡大
  • 加工
  • 特性
  • 生分解性ポリマーの定義
  • 社会の姿勢
  • 環境上の課題
  • コンポスト化

第5章 化学物質別生分解性ポリマーの種類

  • 概要
  • 背景
  • ポリ乳酸
  • ポリエステル
  • 生分解性ポリマーブレンド
  • でんぷんベースの生分解性プラスチック
  • その他の生分解性ポリマーの種類
  • 遺伝子組み換え(GM)生分解性ポリマー
  • オキソ生分解性プラスチック

第6章 世界の生分解性ポリマーのメーカー

第7章 市場推計・予測

  • サマリー
  • 応用別世界の生分解性ポリマー市場
  • 地域別世界の生分解性ポリマー市場
  • 個々の生分解性ポリマーの世界的需要および地域分布

第8章 用途

  • 概要
  • 包装
  • 医療
  • その他の応用

第9章 定義と規格

  • 概要
  • 定義における不明点
  • 技術的側面
  • FTC規格
  • USDAの"BioPreferred"プログラム
  • 北米以外の規格
  • 環境上の問題
  • 固形廃棄物処理
  • 生分解性ポリマーに関する消費者の認識

第10章 樹脂の分解性についての技術的側面

  • ポリオフレフィン
  • ポリスチレン
  • PVC
  • その他の熱可塑性および熱硬化性
  • 生分解性ポリマーの分解方法
  • ポリマー構造が生分解性に及ぼす影響
  • コンポスト化のコンセプトに関する詳細

第11章 近年の生分解性ポリマー関連の特許

第12章 企業プロファイル

第13章 付録?

第14章 付録?

第15章 付録?

第16章 付録?

図表リスト

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: PLS025F

The global biodegradable polymer market should reach 5.6 billion pounds by 2021 from 2.4 billion pounds in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.0%, from 2016 to 2021.

Report Includes

  • An overview of the global markets for biodegradable polymers, defined as polymers that are completely converted by microorganisms to carbon dioxide, water, and humus.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2015, estimates for 2016, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2021.
  • A discussion of how this niche market is beset with a variety of roadblocks, led by high prices and lack of industrial infrastructure in the United States.
  • A look at the strong global legislative mandate to increase the usage of these materials.
  • Coverage of the chemical types of biodegradable polymers along with their properties, production, producers, and applications.
  • Characterization of the industry by new technologies, stringent environmental restraints, and very unstable oil prices, among other issues.
  • Profiles of major players in the industry.

Report Scope

Although the term biodegradable polymers is well known, the controversy within the industry as to which materials should be considered biodegradable continues unabated. These resins currently include polyolefin-based compositions containing starch and polymers containing aromatic groups that microorganisms have difficulty utilizing in their metabolism.

Furthermore, there are additives said to convert petroleum-based resins to biodegradable versions. These resultant resins are said to be oxo-biodegradable.

Part of the current debate revolves around defining an acceptable period of time for biodegradation to be completed. Almost all carbon-based materials are biodegradable, if given an acceptable period of time.

This report includes polymers that producers market as fully biodegradable. Most define a fully biodegradable polymer as a polymer that is completely converted by microorganisms to carbon dioxide, water and humus.

In the case of anaerobic biodegradation, carbon dioxide, methane and humus are the degradation products. However, many within the industry insist on a time period for degradation such that the terms biodegradable and compostable are not synonymous. The issue concerning biodegradable versus compostable resins is a very important issue that is discussed in detail.

Polymers derived from renewable resources (non-petroleum-based) are not covered unless they are considered biodegradable since many polymers derived from renewable resources are not biodegradable. These materials are often termed as bio-based. Some polymers are both bio-based and biodegradable.

This report covers the chemical types of biodegradable polymers along with their properties, production, producers and applications. The companies involved will be detailed in terms of their products, including trade names and their impact on the market. Definitions and standards, market drivers, biodegradation testing, environmental issues, composting and relevant technologies will also be discussed.

An examination of global consumption is provided along with considerable information regarding North American, European and Asian products, technologies, markets and companies.

Analyst Credentials

Andrew McWilliams spent more than 25 years as a consultant with Ernst & Young, McKinsey & Company and A.T. Kearny focused on manufacturing before segueing into research analysis. He has been covering myriad technology categories for BCC Research for more than 15 years. McWilliams has a BA from Princeton University and an MA from Harvard University. He has worked in more than 40 countries and he resides in the greater Boston area.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • SOURCES
  • ANALYSTS' CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION LBS.)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2021 (MILLION LBS.)

CHAPTER 3 TERMINOLOGY

  • BACKGROUND
  • ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
  • BIO-BASED
  • DEGRADABLE AND BIODEGRADABLE
  • COMPOSTABLE VS. BIODEGRADABLE

CHAPTER 4 BACKGROUND/HISTORICAL

  • OVERVIEW
  • THE BIOPOLYMER-SYNTHETIC POLYMER GAP
  • NICHE MARKETS
  • A NEW EMPHASIS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS PERSIST
  • INTEGRATION OF BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS WITH DISPOSAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • EARLY STARCH-BASED MATERIALS
  • INTRODUCTION OF COMPOSTABLE BAGS
  • CONTINUED R&D
  • EARLY ENTRANTS
  • THE IMPORTANCE OF LOOSE-FILL
  • OTHER FACTORS
  • BIOPOLYMERS, CONVENTIONAL PLASTICS AND BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS
  • NATURAL OR SYNTHETIC
  • THE MOVE TO RENEWABLE SOURCES
  • EXTENDING THE RECYCLING LOOP
  • PROCESSING
  • PROPERTIES
  • DEFINING BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
  • PUBLIC ATTITUDES
  • ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
  • COMPOSTING

CHAPTER 5 BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS BY CHEMICAL TYPE

  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • POLYLACTIC ACID
    • THE PROCESS
    • BACKGROUND
    • TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
    • GRADES
    • PROPERTIES
    • PRODUCTION
    • PRODUCERS
    • MODIFICATIONS
    • SOME PROBLEM AREAS
    • USE OF BLENDS
    • APPLICATIONS
    • BIODEGRADABILITY
  • POLYESTERS
    • POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES (PHAS)
      • Background
      • Chemistry
      • Technology Details
      • Applications
      • Processes
      • Properties
      • Biodegradability
      • Compostability
      • Recycling
      • Certification and Testing
    • OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS
      • Ecoflex
      • Ecovio
      • Biomax
      • Bionelle
    • OTHER IMPORTANT BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS
      • Polycaprolactone (PCL)
        • Background
        • Properties
        • Applications
          • Overview
          • Biomedical Applications
          • Suppliers
      • PBS-Type Polyesters
        • Background
        • Chemistry
      • Water-Soluble Polymers
      • Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH)
        • Polyvinyl Alcohol-Based Materials
          • Background
            • Applications
          • Properties
          • Specific PVOH Properties
          • Suppliers
          • Biodegradable Applications
  • BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER BLENDS
    • BACKGROUND
    • PLA BLENDS
    • FKUR ACTIVITIES
    • BASF PRODUCTS
    • RTP AND POLYONE PLA BLENDS
    • RECENT NATUREWORK LLC DEVELOPMENTS
  • STARCH-BASED BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS
    • AGRO-POLYMERS
    • SUSTAINABLE/BIODEGRADABLE CORN STARCH PRODUCTS
      • Background
      • Technical Details
      • Thermoplastic Starch
    • MIXTURES OF STARCH AND BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
      • Background
      • Producers
        • Novamont
        • TABLE 1 TYPES OF PRODUCTS MADE WITH MATER-BI
        • Cereplast
        • Earthshell
      • Applications of Thermoplastic Starch Polymers
      • Environmental Issues
      • Starch-Filled Polymer Composites
  • OTHER TYPES OF BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    • PROTEIN-BASED PLASTICS
      • Background
      • Benefits
      • Applications
        • Consumer
        • Agricultural
        • Horticulture
    • BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS FROM SOYBEANS
  • GENETICALLY MODIFIED (GM) BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    • BACKGROUND
    • PHAS
    • CURRENT SCENARIO
  • OXO-BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS
    • BACKGROUND
    • APPLICATIONS
    • WHAT IS AN OXO-BIODEGRADABLE PLASTIC ACCORDING TO PROPONENTS?
    • INPUT FROM THE CEN (EUROPEAN STANDARDS ORGANIZATION)
    • TECHNOLOGIES
    • CONTINUING CONTROVERSY OVER OXO-BIODEGRADABLES
      • Background
      • Other Conflicting Issues
      • A Conundrum
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER ADDITIVES

CHAPTER 6 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS

  • TABLE 2 KEY GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 3 KEY GLOBAL POLYLACTIC ACID PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 4 KEY GLOBAL POLYESTER BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 5 KEY GLOBAL STARCH-BASED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS

CHAPTER 7 MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS

  • SUMMARY
  • TABLE 6 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET BY APPLICATION
  • TABLE 7 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET BY REGION
    • OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 8 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROPE
    • ASIA
  • GLOBAL DEMAND AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    • PLA
    • TABLE 9 GLOBAL PLA MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
    • TABLE 10 GLOBAL PLA MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
    • STARCH-BASED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    • TABLE 11 GLOBAL STARCH-BASED PLASTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
    • TABLE 12 GLOBAL STARCH-BASED PLASTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
    • POLYESTERS
    • TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHA AND OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
    • TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHA AND OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)

CHAPTER 8 APPLICATIONS

  • OVERVIEW
  • PACKAGING
    • BACKGROUND
    • CHOICE OF RESIN IS THE FIRST STEP IN SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING
    • OBSTACLES
    • TARGETED APPLICATIONS
    • SHEET EXTRUSION APPLICATIONS
    • CLEAR RIGID PACKAGING
    • STRETCH BLOW MOLDING PACKAGING
    • FOOD PACKAGING
      • Overview
      • A Prominent Example
      • Single-Serve Market
    • THERMOFORMED PACKAGING
    • CUPS AND UTENSILS
    • NEW BOTTLE DEVELOPMENTS IN BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PACKAGING
    • IMPACT OF FOOD SERVICE INDUSTRY
    • FOAM PACKAGING
      • Overview
      • Biodegradable Polyethylene Foams
      • Biodegradable Engineered Foams
      • Biodegradable Air Cushions
    • LOOSE-FILL PACKAGING
      • Overview
      • The Process
      • Storopack
      • FP International
      • Pro-Pac Packaging
  • MEDICAL
    • OVERVIEW
    • BACKGROUND
    • PROPERTIES REQUIRED
    • BREADTH OF APPLICATIONS
    • CRITERIA FOR POLYMER SELECTION
    • ORTHOPEDIC FIXATION DEVICES
    • DETAILS ON THE TYPES OF BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS USED IN THE MEDICAL FIELD
      • Background
      • Polyglycolides
      • Polylactides
      • Polycaprolactone
      • Polydioxanone
      • Polyanhydrides
    • PACKAGING AND STERILIZATION IMPLICATIONS
      • Background
      • Sterilization
    • DEGRADATION OF MEDICAL PLASTICS
    • COMMERCIAL BIODEGRADABLE MEDICAL DEVICES
      • Background
      • Sutures
      • Dental Devices
      • Orthopedic Fixation Devices
      • Drug Delivery
      • Hydrogels
      • Microspheres
      • Tissue Engineering
      • Bone Replacement
      • Stents
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • BACKGROUND
    • FIBERS
      • Overview
      • Hygiene-Related Fiber Disposable Products
      • Nonwovens
      • Biodegradable Drug-Loaded Fibers
    • PAPER COATINGS
      • Overview
      • Examples of Biodegradable Commercial Products for Paper Coating Applications
      • Biodegradable Polymer Coated Paper and Paperboard
    • PAPER CUPS
    • AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS
      • Background
      • Positive Aspects Cited by Proponents of Biodegradable Film Usage in Agriculture
      • A Recent Update on Biodegradable Mulches for Agricultural Applications
      • Production of Biodegradable Plastic Mulches
    • TABLEWARE
    • AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS
      • Overview
      • TABLE 15 U.S. AUTOMOTIVE SALES, 2001-2021 (MILLION UNITS)
      • TABLE 16 HYBRID SALES FOR THE U.S., 2008-2015 (THOUSAND UNITS)
      • CAFE Issues
      • Current Status of Auto Applications
      • PLA Properties and Products
    • ELECTRONICS
      • Overview
      • Current Status of Electronic Applications
        • Fujitsu
        • NEC and Unitika
        • Sony
        • Samsung Cheil
        • Telecom Italia
        • Panasonic
      • Biodegradable Electronics Research

CHAPTER 9 DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS

  • OVERVIEW
  • CONFUSION IN DEFINITIONS
  • SOME TECHNICAL ASPECTS
    • BACKGROUND
    • THE TERM "BIO-BASED" OFTEN IS CONFUSING TO CONSUMERS
    • DEGRADABLE TESTS ARE NOT UNIFORM
      • Overview
      • Oxo-Bio Standards
      • Hydro-Bio Standards
      • ASTM D6400
      • Conclusions
    • SUMMARY OF STANDARDS
    • TABLE 17 KEY ASTM STANDARDS RELATED TO BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    • OVERVIEW OF ASTM TESTS AND SPECIFICATIONS BASED ON TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT
    • TABLE 18 ASTM TESTS AND SPECIFICATIONS, BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT
  • FTC STANDARDS
  • USDA "BIOPREFERRED" PROGRAM
  • STANDARDS OUTSIDE NORTH AMERICA
    • BACKGROUND
      • EN 13432, ASTM D6400, ISO 17088
  • ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
    • BACKGROUND
  • SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
    • BACKGROUND
    • FEDERAL LEGISLATION
    • ECONOMIC DRIVING FORCES
    • OTHER LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
    • IMPACT OF LANDFILLS
    • RECYCLING
      • Background
      • Other Developments
        • Chemical Recycling for Cradle-to-Cradle PLA
        • Other PLA Recycling Operations
  • CONSUMERS' PERCEPTIONS ABOUT BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    • BACKGROUND
    • U.S. ASPECTS
      • Overview
      • Negative Views of Biodegradable Plastics
        • Compost Toxicity
        • Increased Aquatic BOD
        • Risk to Marine Species
        • Litter
    • EUROPEAN ASPECTS
    • JAPANESE ASPECTS

CHAPTER 10 TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEGRADABILITY OF RESINS

  • POLYOLEFINS
  • POLYSTYRENE
  • PVC
  • OTHER THERMOPLASTICS AND THERMOSETS
  • MODES OF DEGRADATION OF SELECTED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
  • TABLE 19 TIME LAG FOR VISUAL CHANGE DURING DEGRADATION FOR SELECTED MATERIALS (WEEKS)
  • TABLE 20 TIME LAG FOR DEGRADATION PROCESS OF SELECTED MATERIALS (MONTHS)
  • EFFECT OF POLYMER STRUCTURE ON BIODEGRADATION
    • BACKGROUND
    • MORPHOLOGY
    • EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL/EXPOSURE CONDITIONS ON BIODEGRADATION
      • Background
      • Early Regulations
      • Significance of Moisture, Temperature and/or Oxygen
      • Role of Microorganisms
      • Presence of Methane
      • Increasing Decomposition in Landfills
      • Function of Compost Operations
      • Other Factors
      • Conclusions
  • MORE DETAILS ON THE CONCEPT OF COMPOSTING
    • OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 21 ESTIMATED COMPOSTING TIMES
    • BACKGROUND
    • KEY PROPERTIES FOR COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS
    • MATERIALS THAT MEET SPECIFICATIONS
    • COMPOST STREAM AND INFRASTRUCTURE
    • COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS
    • BIODEGRADABILITY AND COMPOSTABILITY
    • COMPOSTABLE PRODUCTS
    • RESTRICTIONS ON COMPOSTABLE CLAIMS
    • STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS
    • BENEFITS OF COMPOST TO SOIL
    • WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES OF USING COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS?
    • U.S. ACTIVITIES
    • EUROPEAN ACTIVITIES
    • JAPANESE ACTIVITIES
    • MUTUAL INTERESTS OF THE GREEN PLASTICS INDUSTRY AND COMPOSTING
    • PLA PROBLEMS IN COMPOSTING FACILITIES
    • AN INTERESTING/BAFFLING SET OF DEFINITIONS
    • A RECENT DEVELOPMENT
      • Third-Party Certification Program

CHAPTER 11 PATENTS RELATED TO BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS

  • USING BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS TO INHIBIT SCALE FORMATION IN OIL WELLS
    • GLOBAL GREEN PRODUCTS LLC (DOVER, DE) - NO. 9,382,466 (JULY 5, 2016)
  • MANUFACTURING METHOD OF AN ECO FRIENDLY FOAMING PACKAGE MATERIAL
    • TRI CAN CO. LTD. (HSINCHU HSIEN, TAIWAN) - NO. 9,056,423 (JUNE 16,
    • 2015)
  • BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS FOR USE WITH IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICES
    • ADVANCED CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS INC. (SANTA CLARA, CALIF.) - NO. 7,875,283 (JANUARY 25, 2011)
  • BIAXIALLY ORIENTED POLYLACTIC ACID FILM WITH HIGH BARRIER
    • TORAY PLASTICS (AMERICA) (NORTH KINGSTON, R.I.) - NO, 7,951,438 (MAY 31, 2011)
  • USE OF SELECTION PRESSURES TO ENABLE MICROBIAL BIOSYNTHESIS OF POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES FROM ANAEROBIC DEGRADATION PRODUCTS
    • LELAND STANFORD JUNIOR UNIVERSITY (PALO ALTO, CALIF.) - NO. 8,030,021 (OCTOBER 4, 2011)
  • POLYLACTIC ACID COMPOSITION
    • TEIJIN LIMITED (OSAKA, JAPAN) - NO. 8,030,382 (OCTOBER 4, 2011)
    • CHEIL INDUSTRIES INC. (GUM-SI, KOREA) - NO. 8,232,343 (JULY 31, 2012)
  • MEDICAL ARTICLES CONTAINING BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS AND ACID-NEUTRALIZING CATIONIC SPECIES
    • BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED INC. (MAPLE GROVE, MINN.) - NO. 8,263,103
    • (SEPTEMBER 11, 2012)
  • POLYLACTIC SHRINK FILMS AND METHODS OF CASTING SAME
    • PLASTICS SUPPLIERS INC. (COLUMBUS, OHIO) - NO. 8,263,197
    • (SEPTEMBER 11, 2012)
  • POLYLACTIC ACID FIBER
    • KIMBERLY CLARK WORLDWIDE INC. (NEENAH, WIS.) - 8,268,738 (SEPTEMBER 18, 2012)
  • METHOD OF MANUFACTURE OF POLYLACTIC ACID FOAMS
    • BIOPOLYMER NETWORK LTD. (CANTERBURY, NEW ZEALAND) - NO. 8,283,389 (OCTOBER 9, 2012)
  • POLYLACTIC ACID RESIN COMPOSITION
    • ADEKA CORP. (TOKYO, JAPAN) - NO. 8,293,824 (OCTOBER 23, 2012)
  • POLYLACTIC ACID AND MANUFACTURING PROCESS THEREOF
    • TEIJIN LIMITED (OSAKA, JAPAN) - NO. 8,304490 (NOVEMBER 6, 2012)
    • PROCESS FOR THE MODIFICATION OF BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    • AKZO NOBEL N.V. (ARNHEM, THE NETHERLANDS) - NO. 8,334,348 (DECEMBER 12, 2012)
  • BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER AND COMPOUNDS
    • TECHNOFILM S.P.A. (SANT'ELPIDIO A MARE, ITALY) - NO. 8,349,914 (JANUARY 8, 2013)
  • PROCESS FOR EXTRACTING AND RECOVERING POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES (PHAS) FROM CELLULAR BIOMASS
    • PHB INDUSTRIAL (SERRANA-SP, BRAZIL) - NO. 8,357,508 (JANUARY 22, 2013)
  • COMPATABILIZED POLYPROPYLENE AND PLA BLENDS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME
    • FINA TECHNOLOGY INC. (HOUSTON, TEX.) - NO. 8,362,145 (JANUARY 29, 2013)
  • POLYLACTIC ACID COMPOSITION AND MOLDING COMPRISING THE COMPOSITION
    • TOHCELLO CO., LTD (TOKYO, JAPAN) - NO. 8,362,157 (JANUARY 29, 2013)
    • HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY (SEOUL, KOREA) - NO. 8,378,027 (FEBRUARY 19, 2013)
    • TORAY INDUSTRIES INC. (JAPAN) - NO. 8,431,212 (APRIL 30, 2013)

CHAPTER 12 COMPANY PROFILES

  • BASF
  • BIOLOGISCHE NATURVERPACKUNGEN GMGH & CO. KG (BIOTEC)
  • BIOMATERA
  • BIOME BIOPLASTICS LTD.
  • BIOMER
  • BIOPOLYMER TECHNOLOGIES AG (BIOP)
  • CEREPLAST
  • CERESTECH INC.
  • CORBION AMERICA
  • EARTHSHELL CONTAINER CORP.
  • FKUR PLASTICS CORP.
  • FUTERRO
  • GALACTIC SA
  • HUHTAMAKI INC.
  • METABOLIX
  • MHG
  • MITSUI CHEMICALS
  • NATUREWORKS LLC
  • NOVAMONT
  • PLANTIC TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
  • PLAXICA LTD.
  • PSM NORTH AMERICA
  • RODENBURG BIOPOLYMERS B.V.
  • SYNBRA TECHNOLOGY
  • TEIJIN, LTD.
  • TEKNOR-APEX
  • TIANAN BIOLOGIC MATERIAL COMPANY LTD.
  • TIANJIN GREEN BIO-SCIENCE CO. LTD.
  • TORAY
  • TOYOBO COMPANY LTD.
  • UHDE INVENTA-FISCHER GMBH
  • ZHEJIANG HISUN BIOMATERIALS CO.

CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX I

  • SELECTED ACRONYMS USED IN REPORT

CHAPTER 14 APPENDIX II

  • SELECTED GLOSSARY OF TERMS

CHAPTER 15 APPENDIX III

  • BIODEGRADABLE PRODUCTS INSTITUTE (BPI)
  • TABLE 22 BPI MEMBER COMPANIES

CHAPTER 16 APPENDIX IV

  • PRICING
  • TABLE 23 U.S. LIST PRICES FOR SELECTED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS, 2015 (DOLLARS/POUND)

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION LBS.)
  • TABLE 1 TYPES OF PRODUCTS MADE WITH MATER-BI
  • TABLE 2 KEY GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 3 KEY GLOBAL POLYLACTIC ACID PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 4 KEY GLOBAL POLYESTER BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 5 KEY GLOBAL STARCH-BASED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 6 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 7 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 8 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 9 GLOBAL PLA MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 10 GLOBAL PLA MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 11 GLOBAL STARCH-BASED PLASTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 12 GLOBAL STARCH-BASED PLASTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHA AND OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHA AND OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • TABLE 15 U.S. AUTOMOTIVE SALES, 2001-2021 (MILLION UNITS)
  • TABLE 16 HYBRID SALES FOR THE U.S., 2008-2015 (THOUSAND UNITS)
  • TABLE 17 KEY ASTM STANDARDS RELATED TO BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
  • TABLE 18 ASTM TESTS AND SPECIFICATIONS, BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT
  • TABLE 19 TIME LAG FOR VISUAL CHANGE DURING DEGRADATION FOR SELECTED MATERIALS (WEEKS)
  • TABLE 20 TIME LAG FOR DEGRADATION PROCESS OF SELECTED MATERIALS (MONTHS)
  • TABLE 21 ESTIMATED COMPOSTING TIMES
  • TABLE 22 BPI MEMBER COMPANIES
  • TABLE 23 U.S. LIST PRICES FOR SELECTED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS, 2015 (DOLLARS/POUND)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2021 (MILLION LBS.)
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