デフォルト表紙
市場調査レポート
商品コード
1193275

エタン市場:用途別(エチレン合成、酢酸合成、冷媒)、最終用途別(プラスチック、食品、自動車、その他):世界の機会分析および産業予測、2021-2031年

Ethane Market By Application (Ethylene Synthesis, Acetic Acid Synthesis, Refrigerants), By End-use (Plastic, Food, Automotive, Others): Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2021-2031

出版日: | 発行: Allied Market Research | ページ情報: 英文 204 Pages | 納期: 2~3営業日

価格
価格表記: USDを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=151.08円
エタン市場:用途別(エチレン合成、酢酸合成、冷媒)、最終用途別(プラスチック、食品、自動車、その他):世界の機会分析および産業予測、2021-2031年
出版日: 2022年10月01日
発行: Allied Market Research
ページ情報: 英文 204 Pages
納期: 2~3営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

世界のエタン市場は2021年に128億米ドル、2031年には185億米ドルに達し、2022年から2031年までCAGR3.8%で成長すると予測されています。

エタンは有機ハイドロ化合物で、標準温度では無色・無臭の気体として現れます。エタンの蒸気は空気より重いため、容易に発火します。エタンは主に天然ガス井戸から生産され、ヨウ化エチルを亜鉛と銅で還元し、アルコールと結合して生産されます。エタンガスは、石油化学、プラスチック産業、凍結防止剤、自動車など、さまざまな最終用途の産業で幅広いエンドユーザーを見つけることができます。

エタン市場の成長のための主要な重要な要素は、様々な最終用途産業における用途の広い範囲に起因するエチレンの生産率の上昇です。例えば、2021年9月にサウスカロライナ大学が発表した記事によると、エチレンは樹脂やプラスチックの製造に不可欠なビルディングブロックの構成要素となっています。これは、エタン市場の成長を促進する可能性があります。エタンは主にエチレンを製造するために使用され、次に石油化学産業によってプラスチック、天然ガス、発電、および他のような様々な中間製品の製造のために使用されています。

エタン市場を抑制する主な要因は、先進国および新興経済諸国におけるエタン生産に関する法規制の実施です。エタンは可燃性、危険性、引火性のあるガスです。エタンガスの習慣的な暴露や吸入は、人間の健康に悪影響を与える可能性があり、それは、吐き気、頭痛、呼吸器障害、慢性障害、および他の原因となることがあります。このような要因が、予測期間中のエタン市場の成長を抑制することが予想されます。

逆に、包装産業の出現は、エタン市場に有利な機会を生み出しています。エタンは、さまざまな種類のポリエチレンを製造するために広く使用されています。これらの要因から、エタンはプラスチック加工産業で非常に好まれています。さらに、エタンの消費は、その供給の増加と原料の低価格のために、米国で増加しています。これらの要因は、エタン市場の成長を担う主要な促進要因の一つとして作用することが期待されます。

世界のエタン市場は、Royal Dutch Shell Plc、L'Air Liquide S.A.、American Ethane、Aux Sable、DCP Midstream, LLC、Energy Transfer LP、Merck KGaA、Praxair Technology, Inc、Reliance Industries Limited、WILLIAMSなどの主要企業のプロファイルを記載しています。世界のエタン市場レポートでは、これらの主要企業のプロファイルだけでなく、詳細な競合分析も提供しています。

利害関係者にとっての主なメリット

  • 本レポートは、2021年から2031年までのエタン市場分析の市場セグメント、現在の動向、推定、力学を定量的に分析し、優勢なエタン市場の機会を特定します。
  • 市場調査は、主要な促進要因、抑制要因、機会に関連する情報とともに提供されます。
  • ポーターのファイブフォース分析は、利害関係者が利益志向のビジネス決定を行い、サプライヤーとバイヤーのネットワークを強化できるように、買い手とサプライヤーの効力を強調します。
  • エタン市場のセグメンテーションの詳細な分析は、一般的な市場機会を決定するのに役立ちます。
  • 各地域の主要国は、世界市場に対する収益貢献度に応じてマッピングされています。
  • 市場プレイヤーのポジショニングは、ベンチマークを容易にし、市場プレイヤーの現在の位置づけを明確に理解することができます。
  • 当レポートでは、地域および世界のエタン市場動向、主要企業、市場セグメント、応用分野、市場成長戦略に関する分析を掲載しています。

目次

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第3章 市場の概要

  • 市場の定義と範囲
  • 主な調査結果
    • 主な投資ポケット
  • ポーターのファイブフォース分析
  • 市場力学
    • 促進要因
    • 抑制要因
    • 機会
  • COVID-19の市場への影響度分析
  • バリューチェーン分析
  • 主要な規制の分析
  • 特許情勢
  • 価格設定分析

第4章 エタン市場:応用分野別

  • 概要
    • 市場規模・予測
  • エチレン合成
    • 主な市場動向、成長要因、機会
    • 市場規模・予測:地域別
    • 市場シェア分析:国別
  • 酢酸合成
    • 主な市場動向、成長要因、機会
    • 市場規模・予測:地域別
    • 市場シェア分析:国別
  • 冷媒
    • 主な市場動向、成長要因、機会
    • 市場規模・予測:地域別
    • 市場シェア分析:国別

第5章 エタン市場:エンドユーズ別

  • 概要
    • 市場規模・予測
  • プラスチック
    • 主な市場動向、成長要因、機会
    • 市場規模・予測:地域別
    • 市場シェア分析:国別
  • 食品
    • 主な市場動向、成長要因、機会
    • 市場規模・予測:地域別
    • 市場シェア分析:国別
  • 自動車分野
    • 主な市場動向、成長要因、機会
    • 市場規模・予測:地域別
    • 市場シェア分析:国別
  • その他
    • 主な市場動向、成長要因、機会
    • 市場規模・予測:地域別
    • 市場シェア分析:国別

第6章 エタン市場:地域別

  • 概要
    • 市場規模・予測
  • 北米
    • 主な動向と機会
    • 北米市場規模・予測:用途別
    • 北米市場規模・予測:エンドユーザー別
    • 北米市場規模・予測:国別
      • 米国
      • カナダ
      • メキシコ
  • 欧州
    • 主な動向と機会
    • 欧州市場規模・予測:アプリケーション別
    • 欧州市場規模・予測:エンドユーザー別
    • 欧州市場規模・予測:国別
      • ドイツ
      • 英国
      • フランス
      • スピアン
      • イタリア
      • その他欧州
  • アジア太平洋地域
    • 主な動向と機会
    • アジア太平洋地域の市場規模・予測:アプリケーション別
    • アジア太平洋地域の市場規模・予測:エンドユーザー別
    • アジア太平洋地域の市場規模・予測:国別
      • 中国
      • インド
      • 日本
      • 韓国
      • オーストラリア
      • その他アジア太平洋地域
  • LAMEA
    • 主な動向と機会
    • LAMEAの市場規模・予測:アプリケーション別
    • LAMEAの市場規模・予測:エンドユーザー別
    • LAMEAの市場規模・予測:国別
      • ブラジル
      • サウジアラビア
      • 南アフリカ共和国
      • LAMEAの残りの地域

第7章 企業情勢

  • イントロダクション
  • 主要成功戦略
  • 主要10社の製品マッピング
  • トップ企業のポジショニング、2021年
  • 競合ダッシュボード
  • 競合ヒートマップ
  • 主な発展

第8章 企業プロファイル

  • Praxair Technology, Inc.
  • American Ethane
  • Shell Plc.
  • L'Air Liquide S.A.
  • Aux Sable
  • DCP Midstream, LLC.
  • Energy Transfer LP
  • Merck KGaA
  • WILLIAMS
  • Reliance Industries Limited
図表

LIST OF TABLES

  • TABLE 1. GLOBAL ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 2. GLOBAL ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 3. ETHANE MARKET FOR ETHYLENE SYNTHESIS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 4. ETHANE MARKET FOR ETHYLENE SYNTHESIS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 5. ETHANE MARKET FOR ACETIC ACID SYNTHESIS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 6. ETHANE MARKET FOR ACETIC ACID SYNTHESIS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 7. ETHANE MARKET FOR REFRIGERANTS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 8. ETHANE MARKET FOR REFRIGERANTS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 9. GLOBAL ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 10. GLOBAL ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 11. ETHANE MARKET FOR PLASTIC, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 12. ETHANE MARKET FOR PLASTIC, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 13. ETHANE MARKET FOR FOOD, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 14. ETHANE MARKET FOR FOOD, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 15. ETHANE MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 16. ETHANE MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 17. ETHANE MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 18. ETHANE MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 19. ETHANE MARKET, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 20. ETHANE MARKET, BY REGION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 21. NORTH AMERICA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 22. NORTH AMERICA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 23. NORTH AMERICA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 24. NORTH AMERICA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 25. NORTH AMERICA ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 26. NORTH AMERICA ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 27. U.S. ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 28. U.S. ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 29. U.S. ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 30. U.S. ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 31. CANADA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 32. CANADA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 33. CANADA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 34. CANADA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 35. MEXICO ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 36. MEXICO ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 37. MEXICO ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 38. MEXICO ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 39. EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 40. EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 41. EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 42. EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 43. EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 44. EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 45. GERMANY ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 46. GERMANY ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 47. GERMANY ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 48. GERMANY ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 49. UK ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 50. UK ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 51. UK ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 52. UK ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 53. FRANCE ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 54. FRANCE ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 55. FRANCE ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 56. FRANCE ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 57. SPIAN ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 58. SPIAN ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 59. SPIAN ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 60. SPIAN ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 61. ITALY ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 62. ITALY ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 63. ITALY ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 64. ITALY ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 65. REST OF EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 66. REST OF EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 67. REST OF EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 68. REST OF EUROPE ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 69. ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 70. ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 71. ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 72. ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 73. ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 74. ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 75. CHINA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 76. CHINA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 77. CHINA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 78. CHINA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 79. INDIA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 80. INDIA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 81. INDIA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 82. INDIA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 83. JAPAN ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 84. JAPAN ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 85. JAPAN ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 86. JAPAN ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 87. SOUTH KOREA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 88. SOUTH KOREA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 89. SOUTH KOREA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 90. SOUTH KOREA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 91. AUSTRALIA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 92. AUSTRALIA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 93. AUSTRALIA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 94. AUSTRALIA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 95. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 96. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 97. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 98. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 99. LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 100. LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 101. LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 102. LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 103. LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 104. LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 105. BRAZIL ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 106. BRAZIL ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 107. BRAZIL ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 108. BRAZIL ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 109. SAUDI ARABIA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 110. SAUDI ARABIA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 111. SAUDI ARABIA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 112. SAUDI ARABIA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 113. SOUTH AFRICA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 114. SOUTH AFRICA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 115. SOUTH AFRICA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 116. SOUTH AFRICA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 117. REST OF LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 118. REST OF LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 119. REST OF LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (REVENUE, $MILLION)
  • TABLE 120. REST OF LAMEA ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE, 2021-2031 (VOLUME, KILOTON)
  • TABLE 122.PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 122.PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 123.PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 124.PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 125.PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.: NET SALES
  • TABLE 126.PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 128.AMERICAN ETHANE: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 128.AMERICAN ETHANE: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 129.AMERICAN ETHANE: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 130.AMERICAN ETHANE: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 131.AMERICAN ETHANE: NET SALES
  • TABLE 132.AMERICAN ETHANE: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 134.SHELL PLC.: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 134.SHELL PLC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 135.SHELL PLC.: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 136.SHELL PLC.: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 137.SHELL PLC.: NET SALES
  • TABLE 138.SHELL PLC.: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 140.L'AIR LIQUIDE S.A.: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 140.L'AIR LIQUIDE S.A.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 141.L'AIR LIQUIDE S.A.: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 142.L'AIR LIQUIDE S.A.: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 143.L'AIR LIQUIDE S.A.: NET SALES
  • TABLE 144.L'AIR LIQUIDE S.A.: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 146.AUX SABLE: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 146.AUX SABLE: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 147.AUX SABLE: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 148.AUX SABLE: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 149.AUX SABLE: NET SALES
  • TABLE 150.AUX SABLE: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 152.DCP MIDSTREAM, LLC.: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 152.DCP MIDSTREAM, LLC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 153.DCP MIDSTREAM, LLC.: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 154.DCP MIDSTREAM, LLC.: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 155.DCP MIDSTREAM, LLC.: NET SALES
  • TABLE 156.DCP MIDSTREAM, LLC.: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 158.ENERGY TRANSFER LP: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 158.ENERGY TRANSFER LP: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 159.ENERGY TRANSFER LP: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 160.ENERGY TRANSFER LP: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 161.ENERGY TRANSFER LP: NET SALES
  • TABLE 162.ENERGY TRANSFER LP: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 164.MERCK KGAA: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 164.MERCK KGAA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 165.MERCK KGAA: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 166.MERCK KGAA: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 167.MERCK KGAA: NET SALES
  • TABLE 168.MERCK KGAA: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 170.WILLIAMS: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 170.WILLIAMS: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 171.WILLIAMS: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 172.WILLIAMS: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 173.WILLIAMS: NET SALES
  • TABLE 174.WILLIAMS: KEY STRATERGIES
  • TABLE 176.RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED: KEY EXECUTIVES
  • TABLE 176.RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED: COMPANY SNAPSHOT
  • TABLE 177.RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED: OPERATING SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 178.RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED: PRODUCT PORTFOLIO
  • TABLE 179.RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED: NET SALES
  • TABLE 180.RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED: KEY STRATERGIES

LIST OF FIGURES

  • FIGURE 1. SEGMENTATION OF ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031
  • FIGURE 2.ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031
  • FIGURE 3. TOP INVESTMENT POCKETS, BY REGION
  • FIGURE 4.PORTER FIVE-1
  • FIGURE 5.PORTER FIVE-2
  • FIGURE 6.PORTER FIVE-3
  • FIGURE 7.PORTER FIVE-4
  • FIGURE 8.PORTER FIVE-5
  • FIGURE 9.ETHANE MARKET:DRIVERS, RESTRAINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES
  • FIGURE 10.VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 11.KEY REGULATION ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 12.PATENT ANALYSIS BY COMPANY
  • FIGURE 13.PATENT ANALYSIS BY COUNTRY
  • FIGURE 14.PRICING ANALYSIS
  • FIGURE 15.ETHANE MARKET,BY APPLICATION,2021(%)
  • FIGURE 16.COMPARATIVE SHARE ANALYSIS OF ETHYLENE SYNTHESIS ETHANE MARKET, 2021 AND 2031(%)
  • FIGURE 17.COMPARATIVE SHARE ANALYSIS OF ACETIC ACID SYNTHESIS ETHANE MARKET, 2021 AND 2031(%)
  • FIGURE 18.COMPARATIVE SHARE ANALYSIS OF REFRIGERANTS ETHANE MARKET, 2021 AND 2031(%)
  • FIGURE 19.ETHANE MARKET,BY END-USE,2021(%)
  • FIGURE 20.COMPARATIVE SHARE ANALYSIS OF PLASTIC ETHANE MARKET, 2021 AND 2031(%)
  • FIGURE 21.COMPARATIVE SHARE ANALYSIS OF FOOD ETHANE MARKET, 2021 AND 2031(%)
  • FIGURE 22.COMPARATIVE SHARE ANALYSIS OF AUTOMOTIVE ETHANE MARKET, 2021 AND 2031(%)
  • FIGURE 23.COMPARATIVE SHARE ANALYSIS OF OTHERS ETHANE MARKET, 2021 AND 2031(%)
  • FIGURE 24.ETHANE MARKET BY REGION,2021
  • FIGURE 25.U.S. ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 26.CANADA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 27.MEXICO ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 28.GERMANY ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 29.UK ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 30.FRANCE ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 31.SPIAN ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 32.ITALY ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 33.REST OF EUROPE ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 34.CHINA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 35.INDIA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 36.JAPAN ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 37.SOUTH KOREA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 38.AUSTRALIA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 39.REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 40.BRAZIL ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 41.SAUDI ARABIA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 42.SOUTH AFRICA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 43.REST OF LAMEA ETHANE MARKET,2021-2031($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 44. TOP WINNING STRATEGIES, BY YEAR
  • FIGURE 45. TOP WINNING STRATEGIES, BY DEVELOPMENT
  • FIGURE 46. TOP WINNING STRATEGIES, BY COMPANY
  • FIGURE 47.PRODUCT MAPPING OF TOP 10 PLAYERS
  • FIGURE 48.TOP PLAYER POSITIONING, 2021
  • FIGURE 49.COMPETITIVE DASHBOARD
  • FIGURE 50.COMPETITIVE HEATMAP OF TOP 10 KEY PLAYERS
  • FIGURE 51.PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC..: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 52.AMERICAN ETHANE.: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 53.SHELL PLC..: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 54.L'AIR LIQUIDE S.A..: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 55.AUX SABLE.: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 56.DCP MIDSTREAM, LLC..: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 57.ENERGY TRANSFER LP.: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 58.MERCK KGAA.: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 59.WILLIAMS.: NET SALES ($MILLION)
  • FIGURE 60.RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED.: NET SALES ($MILLION)
目次
Product Code: A31610

The global ethane market was valued at $12.8 billion in 2021, and is projected to reach $18.5 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 3.8% from 2022 to 2031.  

Ethane is an organic hydro compound and exhibits as a colorless, odorless gas at standard temperature. Vapor form of ethane is heavier than air due to which it can easily ignite. Ethane is mainly produced from natural gas wells and by the reduction of ethyl iodide using zinc and copper coupled with alcohol. Ethane gas finds a wide range of end-users in various end-use industries such as petrochemical, plastic industry, anti-freeze detergents, automotive, and among others.   

A major key element for the growth of the ethane market is rise in the production rate of ethylene owing to its wide range of  uses in various end use industries. For instance, according to an article published by the University of South Carolina in September 2021, ethylene is an essential building block component for the manufacturing of resins and plastics. This may propel the growth of the ethane market. Ethane is mainly used to produce ethylene, which in turn is used by the petrochemical industry for the manufacturing of various intermediate products, such as plastics, natural gas, power generation , and others.  

Primary element for restraining the ethane market is the implementation of legislation on ethane production from both developed and developing economies. Ethane is combustible, hazardous, and flammable gas. Habitual exposure and inhalation of ethane gas may have an adverse effect on human health and it may cause, nausea, headache, respiratory disorders, chronic disorders, and others. This factor is expected to restrain the growth of the ethane market during the forecast period.  

On the contrary, emergence of the packaging industry has created lucrative opportunities for the ethane market. Ethane is extensively used to make various types of polyethylene. These factors make ethane highly preferred for plastic processing industry. Furthermore, the consumption of ethane has increased in the U.S. owing to its increase in supply and low prices of raw materials. These factors are expected to act as one of the key drivers responsible for the growth of the ethane market. 

The global ethane market profiles leading players that include, Royal Dutch Shell Plc, L'Air Liquide S.A., American Ethane, Aux Sable, DCP Midstream, LLC., Energy Transfer LP, Merck KGaA, Praxair Technology, Inc., Reliance Industries Limited., and WILLIAMS. The global ethane market report provides in-depth competitive analysis as well as profiles of these major players. 

Key Benefits For Stakeholders

  • This report provides a quantitative analysis of the market segments, current trends, estimations, and dynamics of the ethane market analysis from 2021 to 2031 to identify the prevailing ethane market opportunities.
  • The market research is offered along with information related to key drivers, restraints, and opportunities.
  • Porter's five forces analysis highlights the potency of buyers and suppliers to enable stakeholders make profit-oriented business decisions and strengthen their supplier-buyer network.
  • In-depth analysis of the ethane market segmentation assists to determine the prevailing market opportunities.
  • Major countries in each region are mapped according to their revenue contribution to the global market.
  • Market player positioning facilitates benchmarking and provides a clear understanding of the present position of the market players.
  • The report includes the analysis of the regional as well as global ethane market trends, key players, market segments, application areas, and market growth strategies.

Key Market Segments

By Application

  • Ethylene Synthesis
  • Acetic Acid Synthesis
  • Refrigerants

By End-use

  • Plastic
  • Food
  • Automotive
  • Others

By Region

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • France
    • Spian
    • Italy
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • Australia
    • Rest of Asia-Pacific
  • LAMEA
    • Brazil
    • Saudi Arabia
    • South Africa
    • Rest of LAMEA
  • Key Market Players
    • Praxair Technology, Inc.
    • American Ethane
    • Shell Plc.
    • L'Air Liquide S.A.
    • Aux Sable
    • DCP Midstream, LLC.
    • Energy Transfer LP
    • Merck KGaA
    • WILLIAMS
    • Reliance Industries Limited

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1.Report description
  • 1.2.Key market segments
  • 1.3.Key benefits to the stakeholders
  • 1.4.Research Methodology
    • 1.4.1.Secondary research
    • 1.4.2.Primary research
    • 1.4.3.Analyst tools and models

CHAPTER 2:EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 2.1.Key findings of the study
  • 2.2.CXO Perspective

CHAPTER 3:MARKET OVERVIEW

  • 3.1.Market definition and scope
  • 3.2.Key findings
    • 3.2.1.Top investment pockets
  • 3.3.Porter's five forces analysis
  • 3.4.Market dynamics
    • 3.4.1.Drivers
    • 3.4.2.Restraints
    • 3.4.3.Opportunities
  • 3.5.COVID-19 Impact Analysis on the market
  • 3.6.Value Chain Analysis
  • 3.7.Key Regulation Analysis
  • 3.8.Patent Landscape
  • 3.9.Pricing Analysis

CHAPTER 4: ETHANE MARKET, BY APPLICATION

  • 4.1 Overview
    • 4.1.1 Market size and forecast
  • 4.2 Ethylene Synthesis
    • 4.2.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
    • 4.2.2 Market size and forecast, by region
    • 4.2.3 Market share analysis by country
  • 4.3 Acetic Acid Synthesis
    • 4.3.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
    • 4.3.2 Market size and forecast, by region
    • 4.3.3 Market share analysis by country
  • 4.4 Refrigerants
    • 4.4.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
    • 4.4.2 Market size and forecast, by region
    • 4.4.3 Market share analysis by country

CHAPTER 5: ETHANE MARKET, BY END-USE

  • 5.1 Overview
    • 5.1.1 Market size and forecast
  • 5.2 Plastic
    • 5.2.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
    • 5.2.2 Market size and forecast, by region
    • 5.2.3 Market share analysis by country
  • 5.3 Food
    • 5.3.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
    • 5.3.2 Market size and forecast, by region
    • 5.3.3 Market share analysis by country
  • 5.4 Automotive
    • 5.4.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
    • 5.4.2 Market size and forecast, by region
    • 5.4.3 Market share analysis by country
  • 5.5 Others
    • 5.5.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
    • 5.5.2 Market size and forecast, by region
    • 5.5.3 Market share analysis by country

CHAPTER 6: ETHANE MARKET, BY REGION

  • 6.1 Overview
    • 6.1.1 Market size and forecast
  • 6.2 North America
    • 6.2.1 Key trends and opportunities
    • 6.2.2 North America Market size and forecast, by Application
    • 6.2.3 North America Market size and forecast, by End-use
    • 6.2.4 North America Market size and forecast, by country
      • 6.2.4.1 U.S.
      • 6.2.4.1.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.2.4.1.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.2.4.1.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.2.4.2 Canada
      • 6.2.4.2.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.2.4.2.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.2.4.2.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.2.4.3 Mexico
      • 6.2.4.3.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.2.4.3.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.2.4.3.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
  • 6.3 Europe
    • 6.3.1 Key trends and opportunities
    • 6.3.2 Europe Market size and forecast, by Application
    • 6.3.3 Europe Market size and forecast, by End-use
    • 6.3.4 Europe Market size and forecast, by country
      • 6.3.4.1 Germany
      • 6.3.4.1.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.3.4.1.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.3.4.1.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.3.4.2 UK
      • 6.3.4.2.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.3.4.2.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.3.4.2.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.3.4.3 France
      • 6.3.4.3.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.3.4.3.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.3.4.3.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.3.4.4 Spian
      • 6.3.4.4.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.3.4.4.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.3.4.4.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.3.4.5 Italy
      • 6.3.4.5.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.3.4.5.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.3.4.5.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.3.4.6 Rest of Europe
      • 6.3.4.6.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.3.4.6.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.3.4.6.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
  • 6.4 Asia-Pacific
    • 6.4.1 Key trends and opportunities
    • 6.4.2 Asia-Pacific Market size and forecast, by Application
    • 6.4.3 Asia-Pacific Market size and forecast, by End-use
    • 6.4.4 Asia-Pacific Market size and forecast, by country
      • 6.4.4.1 China
      • 6.4.4.1.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.4.4.1.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.4.4.1.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.4.4.2 India
      • 6.4.4.2.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.4.4.2.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.4.4.2.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.4.4.3 Japan
      • 6.4.4.3.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.4.4.3.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.4.4.3.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.4.4.4 South Korea
      • 6.4.4.4.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.4.4.4.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.4.4.4.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.4.4.5 Australia
      • 6.4.4.5.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.4.4.5.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.4.4.5.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.4.4.6 Rest of Asia-Pacific
      • 6.4.4.6.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.4.4.6.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.4.4.6.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
  • 6.5 LAMEA
    • 6.5.1 Key trends and opportunities
    • 6.5.2 LAMEA Market size and forecast, by Application
    • 6.5.3 LAMEA Market size and forecast, by End-use
    • 6.5.4 LAMEA Market size and forecast, by country
      • 6.5.4.1 Brazil
      • 6.5.4.1.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.5.4.1.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.5.4.1.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.5.4.2 Saudi Arabia
      • 6.5.4.2.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.5.4.2.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.5.4.2.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.5.4.3 South Africa
      • 6.5.4.3.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.5.4.3.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.5.4.3.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use
      • 6.5.4.4 Rest of LAMEA
      • 6.5.4.4.1 Key market trends, growth factors and opportunities
      • 6.5.4.4.2 Market size and forecast, by Application
      • 6.5.4.4.3 Market size and forecast, by End-use

CHAPTER 7: COMPANY LANDSCAPE

  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Top winning strategies
  • 7.3. Product Mapping of Top 10 Player
  • 7.4. Top player positioning, 2021
  • 7.5. Competitive Dashboard
  • 7.6. Competitive Heatmap
  • 7.7. Key developments

CHAPTER 8: COMPANY PROFILES

  • 8.1 Praxair Technology, Inc.
    • 8.1.1 Company overview
    • 8.1.2 Key Executives
    • 8.1.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.1.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.1.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.1.6 Business performance
    • 8.1.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.2 American Ethane
    • 8.2.1 Company overview
    • 8.2.2 Key Executives
    • 8.2.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.2.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.2.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.2.6 Business performance
    • 8.2.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.3 Shell Plc.
    • 8.3.1 Company overview
    • 8.3.2 Key Executives
    • 8.3.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.3.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.3.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.3.6 Business performance
    • 8.3.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.4 L'Air Liquide S.A.
    • 8.4.1 Company overview
    • 8.4.2 Key Executives
    • 8.4.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.4.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.4.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.4.6 Business performance
    • 8.4.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.5 Aux Sable
    • 8.5.1 Company overview
    • 8.5.2 Key Executives
    • 8.5.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.5.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.5.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.5.6 Business performance
    • 8.5.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.6 DCP Midstream, LLC.
    • 8.6.1 Company overview
    • 8.6.2 Key Executives
    • 8.6.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.6.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.6.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.6.6 Business performance
    • 8.6.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.7 Energy Transfer LP
    • 8.7.1 Company overview
    • 8.7.2 Key Executives
    • 8.7.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.7.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.7.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.7.6 Business performance
    • 8.7.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.8 Merck KGaA
    • 8.8.1 Company overview
    • 8.8.2 Key Executives
    • 8.8.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.8.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.8.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.8.6 Business performance
    • 8.8.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.9 WILLIAMS
    • 8.9.1 Company overview
    • 8.9.2 Key Executives
    • 8.9.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.9.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.9.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.9.6 Business performance
    • 8.9.7 Key strategic moves and developments
  • 8.10 Reliance Industries Limited
    • 8.10.1 Company overview
    • 8.10.2 Key Executives
    • 8.10.3 Company snapshot
    • 8.10.4 Operating business segments
    • 8.10.5 Product portfolio
    • 8.10.6 Business performance
    • 8.10.7 Key strategic moves and developments