This Vandagraf report: 'Taggants / Forensic Markers in Brand Protection' provides a comprehensive and in-depth view of this complex business.
This major new report comprises 2 volumes:
- Volume I - Markets & Business Opportunities (256 pages)
- Volume II - Supply Side Analysis - Companies / Product Offerings (216 pages).
This report identifies & analyses:
- The various types of technology that are available
- The various delivery methods and 'Carriers'
- The vertical markets served today and those that could benefit in the future
- The types of usage
- Opportunities for solution providers, ink makers, brand owners & others
- 93 companies identified & profiled - Key solution providers & other players.
The development & evolution of a diverse range of taggant / forensic marker technologies & solutions has opened up a wide array of markets & applications. Some of these markets are today already well developed, while others are still in the early stages of market uptake.
Solution providers have been coming at these challenges from different points of the compass. With some providers rooted in security print, packaging & labels, while other solution providers come from backgrounds of protecting such materials as, fuels fibres & explosives.
The Multi-facetted World of Taggants / Forensic Markers
Today's complex taggants / forensic marker business is characterised by:
- Numerous types of taggant / forensic marker technologies. Each with distinct attributes & suitability for different types of application - In terms of chemistry and physical dimensions as well as other factors
- The various levels of support / back-up service that solution providers offer to customers:
- 999From global laboratory backed full services solutions
- 999To localised support that relies on user self-application of taggants / forensic markers
- Micro-scale & nano-scale taggants / forensic markers can be applied at any stage in the value chain:
- 999Start of the value chain - Raw materials
- 999Intermediate products - Mixtures - Sub-assemblies
- 999Finished Products.
Note: More than one taggant / forensic marker programme within a single value chain can certainly exist. So there is no reason why a finished product cannot contain several different taggants / forensic markers embedded in various raw materials and / or intermediate parts as well as the finished product, as required.
For a highly complex finished product such as an aircraft there could be many different parts & components sourced from many third party suppliers that carry taggants / forensic markers of one kind or another.
This of course greatly increases the overall number of potential applications.
Taggants / forensic markers are also commonly used in combination with other types of brand protection features offering 1st & 2nd levels of defence, as shown in the Table below:
Note: A layered approach to security that combines 1st, 2nd & 3rd level of Defence secure elements is seen as the way forward.
Carriers - Taggant Delivery Vehicles - Routes to Market
Taggants / forensic marker can be introduced in a variety of way either directly or by means of a variety of Carriers, depending on the product and specific requirements:
- Embedded in liquids / powders / granules.
- Applied (printed / sprayed / coated) to the surface of a product, packaging / labels, for example with inks or coatings
- Integrated into a solution or manufacturing process, for example:
- 999Paper (as part of the paper making process)
- 999Polymer master batches - for Plastics packaging (injection moulded or extruded)
- Fibres of woven fabric materials (natural or man-made)
- Fuels & Lubricants.
The application via printing enables the taggants/markers to be applied to specific selected areas or across a substrate surface. Other applications can be addressed via spray coating of an entire surface or on specific areas of surface - product and / or packaging (incl. Spray coating of large items & surfaces). Taggants / Forensic Markers can also be integrated into adhesives.
Markets - Taggants / Forensic Markers
Volume I of this report covers a number of selected vertical markets that have been identified as being of particular interest:
- Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare
- Alcoholic Drinks - Spirits & Wines
- Packaged Food Products
- Luxury Accessories - Jewelry & Watches
- Beauty - Toiletries, Cosmetics & Skincare
- Tobacco Products
- Tax Stamp Labels - Spirits & Wines - Tobacco Products
- Defence & Aerospace - Electronics
- Automotive Parts & Components Aftermarket (including Tyres)
- Fibres, Yarn, Threads, Textiles, Wovens
- Finished Products - Fibres, Yarn, Thread, Textiles, Wovens
- Fuels & Lubricants.
In the course of researching this study, some additional markets of potential interest for taggants / forensic markers have come to light, as listed below:
- Industrial Fasteners & Adhesives
- Other Types of Mechanical Parts / Components
- Construction Industry - Building Materials
- Paints & Coatings
- Imaging Supplies - Printer Consumables.
Main Families of Taggants / Forensic Markers - Micro / Nano
A range of Taggant technologies are commercially available today - Each with distinct attributes & suitability for different types of application (both in terms of chemistry and scale as well as other factors).
The main families of taggants that are available commercially today may be segmented as follows:
- 1st Generation - "Micro-scale" Taggants (order of 10-6 - power of minus 6 - metres physical dimensions)
- 999Micro-Scale particles
- 999Micro Nameplates
- 2nd Generation - "Nano-scale" Taggants (order of 10-9 - power of minus 9 - metres physical dimensions)
- 999Organic DNA
- 999Inorganic - Rare Earths
- 999Quantum Dots
- 999Raman Scattering
A key difference is that 'Micro' scale taggants can be identified with a standard microscope, which brings unauthorised reverse engineering at least with the realms of the possible.
'Nano' scale taggants on the other hand are up to 3 orders of magnitude smaller (or 1,000 x smaller) and can only be detected with specialised laboratory equipment tuned to specific wavelengths or other characteristics known only to authorised testers.
If the would-be counterfeiter cannot even detect a taggant / forensic marker, then replicating it is going to be extremely difficult. Furthermore in some situations it may be useful for law enforcement personnel if the criminals are unaware that a product is carrying a taggant / forensic marker.
Taggants / Forensic Markers - Key Drivers
The following attributes are powerful:
- Taggants / forensic markers are established as an authentication technology of choice that are admissible as conclusive evidence in Courts of Law - underpinned by laboratory verifiable forensic evidence - Support Services / Lab tests / In-the-field
- Taggants / forensic markers be spread extremely thin across very many items down to molecular level - So can be applied right from the start of value chains to raw materials, as well downstream, as required
- The fact that Serialization (a hot topic and major growth area in Pharmaceuticals and also increasingly across other vertical markets) is not actually a guarantee of authenticity of content is a potentially highly significant for the taggants / forensic marker industry.
Other attributes associated with taggants / forensic markers include:
- Highly Covert - Micro scale through to Nano scale
- High barriers to reverse engineering, detection and/or un-authorised replication.
- Option to mark both packaging and / or product (providing additional security that may be cross-checked)
- Unique formulation, complexity, concentration, encoding can provide exclusivity to each individual client / application.
Ingestible Taggants / Non-Ingestible Taggants
Taggants / Forensic Markers may be divided in to 2 clear categories:
- Materials approved by regulatory organisations (eg: FDA, EU) for ingestion in to the body
- Materials that are not approved for ingestion in to the body.
The first category is potentially suitable for a wide range of applications and markets (both ingestible & not ingestible) provided that other characteristics are acceptable.
While the second category is limited (not suitable for ingestible Pharmaceuticals, Drinks & Food products and also products that come in to contact with skin externally - eg: Beauty products and also Jewelry).
Note: For agrochemicals & seeds - FDA approval for ingestible taggants/ forensic markers may become more important if linked to the global food chain.
Cost Structure in the Taggant / Forensic Marker Business
A well developed laboratory back support service is a key element in the provision of a taggant / forensic marker based offering. In some industries the service & related infrastructure needs to have global reach - For other industries a regional or even local approach may be sufficient - But the major business opportunities tend to be international.
Some leading solution providers offer such international support services backed by a substantial and impressive array of resources. While at the other end of the spectrum are taggants / forensic markers that are supplied in small quantities for self-application by the end user.
In the case of former approach the cost of the actual markers themselves will represent a relatively small proportion of the total cost of the full service - In the latter case of the actual markers themselves can represent the main component of the overall cost.
The cost of carrying out laboratory testing can cost several $100s per test (this will vary from provider to provider). There are also costs associated with the application of taggants / forensic markers, for example:
- Direct application to raw materials
- Direct application to electronics components / assemblies or mechanical parts during manufacture
- Embedding in printing inks for packaging / labels.
So although the cost of actual taggants / forensic markers themselves may well be worth more than their own weight in gold (as the saying goes) this is offset because these markers are applied in such minute quantities - parts per million, parts per billion or even in some cases parts per trillion.
Financial Losses & Markets for Brand Protection Solutions
Financial losses due to counterfeiting and related activities globally have been accelerating at an alarming rate over the last few years and this trend is forecast to continue with annual growth rate of global counterfeiting growing at more than 15% in 2016 (according to according to the ICC estimates).
The overall situation is getting worse and the ramifications are a matter of serious concern.
The global market for brand protection solutions across all vertical markets has been estimated at less than 0.5% of the financial losses in 2016. Best estimates put forecast growth of brand protection solutions (all types) at 12.6% in 2016. While the market for security taggant / forensic marker solutions is estimated to be growing somewhat more rapidly at nearer 20% annually.
Brand protection technologies and solutions have not proved to be entirely effective in the past and have tended to be compromised sooner or later (often sooner) by a highly ingenious and innovative criminal element.
Meanwhile the brand protection industry continues to make efforts to respond in an effective and coordinated way.
And taggants / forensic markers can be a key building block in how the brand protection business will gain more traction in the next few years, pa
We at Vandagraf believe that it is still quite early days for taggants / forensic markers and that there is a substantial potential upside for future growth with some excellent business opportunities.
In the course of this research Vandagraf has profiled 93 companies involved in the taggants / forensic markers industry and we envisage that there are likely to be opportunities that can match the strengths of many of these businesses. The trick will be for individual solution providers to identify the right opportunities for their own businesses and to seize these opportunities before their competitors do so:
- New types of customer - Commercial sector / governmental
- New vertical markets
- New product categories
- New geographies.
The creation of de facto industry standards for certain types of taggant / forensic markers based application, may be a viable goal.
Overview - Towards Categorisation & Selection of Target Markets
There does not appear to be any real limit to the variety of applications for taggants / forensic markers - Where a problem of counterfeiting arises, the viability of a taggant / forensic marker approach can always be examined on a case by case basis.
And as previously stated taggants / forensic markers exhibit a number of powerful unique selling points & characteristics.
A challenge for solution providers is to identify pro-actively new market opportunities for their taggant / forensic marker offerings and this requires careful examination of:
- The nature a scale of the problem - Financial losses and / or threat to life
- Scale & reach of the problem - Volumes / global, regional, local
- Suitability and potential effectiveness of taggant / forensic marker based solutions
- Strengths & weaknesses of particular solution providers portfolio of offerings & capabilities
- Analysis of competition (existing players together with a steady stream of new entrants)
Each provider tends to have unique attributes, based on:
- Existing markets & client base (vertical markets, types of products)
- Reach (global, regional, local).
Further considerations include:
- What vertical markets to look at?
- What product categories?
- Where will be the high growth demand?
- And so on..................
Table of Contents
- Executive Summary
- Markets & Business Opportunities
Executive Summary - Markets & Business Opportunities
- THE MULTI-FACETTED WORLD OF TAGGANTS / FORENSIC MARKERS
- MARKETS - TAGGANTS / FORENSIC MARKERS
- MAIN FAMILIES OF TAGGANTS / FORENSIC MARKERS - MICRO / NANO
- Nano / Micro - Competing or Complimentary
- KEY FINDINGS
- Taggants / Forensic Markers - Key Drivers
- Cost Structure & Scaling-Up in the Taggant / Forensic Marker Business
- Ingestible Taggants / Non-Ingestible Taggants
- Major Technology Groups - Attributes Compared.
- Forecast Annual Growth Rates - Brand Protection Technologies
- FINANCIAL LOSSES & MARKETS FOR BRAND PROTECTION SOLUTIONS
- Option for Further Market Analysis for Solution Providers
- OVERVIEW - TOWARDS CATEGORISATION & SELECTION OF TARGET MARKETS
CARRIERS - TAGGANT DELIVERY VEHICLES - ROUTES TO MARKET
PRINTING INKS FOR PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS
- MARKET OVERVIEW - PRINTING INKS FOR PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS
- Types of Packaging Printing Inks
- Water-based versus Solvent-based Printing Inks
- Oil based inks.
- Printing Inks - Building Blocks
- Digital Printing - The Key to Printing Unique IDs on Packaging / Labels
- The Need for Innovation in the Security Ink Market
- Case Study - A Strategic Partnership - Inks Industry / Taggants Provider
- Regulatory Aspects
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PRINTING INKS FOR PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS
PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS
- MARKET OVERVIEW - PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS.
- PRODUCT CRIME - PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS
- Counterfeiting of Packaging & Labels - Logos, Tags, Quality Marks and Badges of Origin
- Packaging & Related Form Factors
- Case Study - Fake Car Logo Badges
- Case Study - Rolls of Counterfeit Hugo Boss Labels
- BRAND PROTECTION - PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS
- Custom Thermal Transfer Labels & Fusible Graphics
- Security Labels -Taggants /Forensic Markers
- Shrink Sleeves & Films
- Bulk Raw Materials - Plastics (eg: Granules)
- Paper Substrates
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PACKAGING / LABELS AS CARRIERS
PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
- MARKET OVERVIEW - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
- Diversity of Packaging Form Factors in Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare
- PRODUCT CRIME - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
- Increased reliance on express mail - Online Pharma Purchases
- Four Key Factors Driving Growth in Counterfeiting in Pharmaceuticals
- BRAND PROTECTION - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
- Securetrace Progamme - 4 Security Technologies - Reckitt Benckiser
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PHARMACEUTICALS & HEALTHCARE
- Serialization is not a Guarantee of Authenticity - A Strong Case for Taggants
- Multiple Points of Entry to Supply Chains
- Pharmaceuticals Supply Chains Tend to be Complex
- Re-packaging of Pharmaceuticals - Aggregation of Product Consignments
- Free Movement of Goods within the EU
- Taggants / Forensic Markers - A Powerful Legal Tool
- Responsibility of Due Care
ALCOHOLIC DRINKS - SPIRITS & WINES
- MARKET OVERVIEW - ALCOHOLIC DRINKS - SPIRITS & WINES
- Glass Bottles - Spirits & Wines - Market Sizing Estimates
- PRODUCT CRIME - ALCOHOLIC DRINKS - SPIRITS & WINES
- Counterfeit Spirits
- Counterfeit Wines
- BRAND PROTECTION - ALCOHOLIC DRINKS - SPIRITS & WINES
- What an Effective Spirits Brand Protection Programme should Look Like
- International Federation of Spirits Producers Ltd (IFSP)
- Case Study - Opus One Napa Valley Wine
- Case Study - Spirits -Addressing Counterfeiting and Adulteration can Increase Sales
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - ALCOHOLIC DRINKS - SPIRITS & WINES
PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
- MARKET OVERVIEW - PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
- PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
- Case Study - Counterfeit Baby Milk Powder in China
- Case Study - Olive Oil - A Special Case
- Food Nutraceuticals - High Value Added - Targeted by Counterfeiters
- Bodybuilding Supplements - High Value Added - Targeted by Counterfeiters
- BRAND PROTECTION - PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
- Case Study - Del Campo - HarvestMark from YottaMark
- Case Study - Honey
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - PACKAGED FOOD PRODUCTS
LUXURY ACCESSORIES - JEWELRY & WATCHES.
- MARKET OVERVIEW - LUXURY ACCESSORIES - JEWELRY & WATCHES
- Evolution of Global Markets - Jewelry & Watches.
- Geographical Factors - Luxury Spending
- Jewelry - Market Segmentation - Real / Costume
- A Watch Market Overview
- Watches - Traditional Luxury versus Quartz & Digital
- PRODUCT CRIME - LUXURY ACCESSORIES - JEWELRY & WATCHES
- Reverse Engineering of Watches with Digital Technology
- Case Study - A Law Enforcement Raid on a Factory in China
- BRAND PROTECTION - LUXURY ACCESSORIES - JEWELRY & WATCHES
- Case Study - BrandAuthen Nano-technology Anti-Counterfeiting Solution
- Case Study - Fossil Inc / Orbid - Brand Protection - Watches
- Case Study - Tiffany & Co versus Costco Wholesale
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - LUXURY ACCESSORIES - JEWELRY & WATCHES.
- Replacement Parts for Watches - Warranty Fraud - Taggants / Forensic Markers
- Many Consumers 'Knowingly' Purchase Counterfeit Watches
BEAUTY - TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
- MARKET OVERVIEW - BEAUTY - TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
- Premiumisation - A Trend in the Beauty sector
- PRODUCT CRIME - BEAUTY - TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
- BRAND PROTECTION - BEAUTY - TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
- Case Study - Organic DNA Molecular Tags for Authentication of Aloe Vera
- Nutraceuticals - High Value Added - Beauty Products - Vulnerable to Counterfeiting
- Case Study - Counterfeit Beauty Product in China - Big ROI with on-Pack Taggant
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - BEAUTY - TOILETRIES, COSMETICS & SKINCARE
- MARKET OVERVIEW - TOBACCO PRODUCTS
- Folding Cartons for Tobacco Products - The Market
- PRODUCT CRIME - TOBACCO PRODUCTS
- Illicit Tobacco Trade in the EU
- Illicit Cigarettes - Counterfeit & Smuggled
- BRAND PROTECTION - TOBACCO PRODUCTS
- Background to The EU Policy to Combat Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products
- The FCTC Protocol
- European Tobacco Products Directive (TPD)
- EU Tobacco Products Directive
- EU Systems for Tracking & Tracing of Tobacco Products and for Security Features
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - TAGGANTS / FORENSIC MARKERS - TOBACCO PRODUCTS
- TAX STAMP LABELS - SPIRITS & WINES
- Codentify - Inexto - ITSA
- Update ITSA Statement - December 4th 2017
- Initial ITSA statement - May 8th 2017
- Some Perspectives on Taxing Spirits & Wines
- Case Study - Alcohol Smuggling between States in India
- TAX STAMP LABELS - TOBACCO PRODUCTS
- Tobacco Industry - Track & Trace - Tax Stamp Solutions
DEFENCE & AEROSPACE - ELECTRONICS
- MARKET OVERVIEW - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE - ELECTRONICS
- Market Overview - Electronics
- Market Overview - Defence & Aerospace
- The Top 15 Countries For Military Expenditure In 2016
- Numbers of Parts Used to Build an Aircraft.
- Obsolete Parts/Components in Circulation - An Additional Complication
- PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE - ELECTRONICS
- The Defence & Aeronautical sector are uniquely attractive to counterfeiters
- Obsolete Electronics Parts
- Cloning Extends Across All Levels of Electronics
- Counterfeit Chips & Obsolescence
- Case Study - Counterfeit Circuit Breakers at US Customs
- Case Study - Reworked Aircraft Ice-Detection Module - Aerospace
- Case Study - Counterfeit Network Routers
- Recycled Parts - Electronics
- Case Study - US based VisionTech - Military vs Commercial Spec
- 'Blacktopping' & Other Tricks in Unauthorsed Recycling of Electronic Components
- BRAND PROTECTION - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE - ELECTRONICS
- Case Study - Underwriter's Laboratories (UL)
- US DLA Secures Supply Chain with DNA Molecular Taggants.
- Case Study - SMT Corp - Counterfeit Detection - Electronics Industry
- Reverse Engineering
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - DEFENCE & AEROSPACE - ELECTRONICS
AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS AFTERMARKET (INCL.TYRES)
- MARKET OVERVIEW - AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS
- Automotive Electronics - Strong Growth
- Tyres (OEM / Replacement)
- PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS
- The Tyre Market
- Automotive Electronics
- Case Study - Counterfeit Circuit Boards - Honda Automotive
- BRAND PROTECTION - AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS
- Vehicle Theft - Combatting the Problem
- Case study - Fighting Motorcycle theft - With Taggants & Barcodes
- Case Study - Fighting Auto Theft in Sweden with Taggants
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - AUTOMOTIVE PARTS & COMPONENTS
FIBRES, YARN, THREADS, TEXTILES, WOVENS
- MARKET OVERVIEW - FIBRES, YARN, THREADS, TEXTILES, WOVENS
- Trends in Fibre Markets
- Cotton - Evolution - By Region
- Polyester - Evolution - By Region
- PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
- Case Study - US Grown Cotton & Added Value Products
- Case Study - Canada Goose
- BRAND PROTECTION - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
- Case Study - Microtrace Microtaggant® Identification Particles - Security Yarns
- Footwear - Multiple Security Features Example
- Case Study - Woolam Cotton Gin - Organic Textile Processor
- Case Study - Euratex - European Textile Manufacturers Association
FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
- MARKET OVERVIEW - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS.
- Carpets & Rugs - Market Overview
- Case Study - Recycled PET Bedding Material
- PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
- Apparel counterfeiting
- Characteristics of the Fashion Industry that attract counterfeiting
- Outerwear / Innerwear - Swimwear
- Case Study - Homeland Security Investigations Seize Fake Sports Team Hats & Jerseys
- Footwear - Counterfeiting
- Sportswear and sports footwear - Counterfeiting
- Case Study - Counterfeit Nike trainers seized at a UK Port
- Headgear - Counterfeiting
- Baseball Caps
- Protective Helmets
- BRAND PROTECTION - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS
- Case Study - 2014 Football World Cup - Counterfeit Goods Intercepted
- Case Study - Major IP Conference in 2014 prior to FIFA World Cup in Brazil
- Woven Labels
- Case Study - Counterfeit 'Thinsulate™' - Woven label
- Cash's Woven and Self-adhesive Brand Protection Labels
- Woven Labels with Integrated NFC / RFID
- TexTrace - Textile Label RFID Solution
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - FINISHED PRODUCTS - FIBRES, YARN, THREAD, TEXTILES, WOVENS.
- Yarns, Textiles & Wovens
- Finished Products
- MARKET OVERVIEW - AGROCHEMICALS
- Industry Structure
- Global Pesticides & Fertilizers Markets by Region
- PRODUCT RELATED CRIME - AGROCHEMICALS
- BRAND PROTECTION - AGROCHEMICALS
- Case Study - Taggants in Fertilizers
- Case Study - Violation of Licensing Agreement Revealed with In-Product Taggant
- AREAS OF OPPORTUNITY - AGROCHEMICALS
OTHER MARKETS OF POTENTIAL INTEREST - TAGGANTS / FORENSIC MARKERS
- FUELS & LUBRICANTS
- Case Study - Lubricants with Taggants - Bearings
- BEARINGS - MARKET OVERVIEW
- INDUSTRIAL FASTENERS - MARKET OVERVIEW
- OTHER TYPES OF MECHANICAL PARTS, COMPONENTS
- CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY - BUILDING MATERIALS
- PAINTS & COATINGS
- IMAGING SUPPLIES - PRINTER CONSUMABLES
APPENDIX - SUPPORT SERVICES / TYPES OF TAGGANT APPLICATION
- Part A - Authentix - Full Support Marker Technology Provider
- Part B -Microtrace - User Application of Taggants
Technology Aspects & Company Profiles
The Brand Protection Landscape
- Three ascending Levels of Defence - 1st, 2nd & 3rd
Building Blocks - Towards Integrated Multi-layered Solutions
- The Path to Becoming a Provider of Integrated Solutions
- Multi-Layered Solutions Increase the Level of Security
- The Layered Approach for Enhanced Security
A Strategic Approach to Brand Protection
- Integrated Brand Protection Solutions
- Major Groups of Security Solution & Selection Criteria
Adaptability of Different Technologies to Different Packaging Technologies
Brand Protection with Multiple Security Features
- Taggants / Forensic Markers - Combined with other Anti counterfeit Technologies
- Security Labels
TYPES OF TAGGANTS / FORENSIC MARKERS
- Achievable Levels of Security - Different Taggant / Forensic Marker Types
- Main Families of Nano-Taggants & Forensic Markers - Micro / Nano
- Multi-layered micro-scale Taggants
- Microtrace / Microtaggants™
- 3S-Simons Security Systems / Secutag™
- JDSU (Now aka: Viavi Solutions/ Lumentum Holdings Inc.) JDSU Charms™
- The Adhesive Research / ARMark™
- Oxonica Micro / Nano-Scale Barcode (NBC)
- Trutag Technologies
- Micro-Scale Nameplates & Dots
Inorganic Synthetic Taggants-Rare Earths / Other
Organic DNA Based Taggants
Up-Converting Phosphors / Colour Change / Fluorescence
Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)
Ingestible / Non-Ingestible Taggants
- Summary - Taggants / Forensic Markers
- Table - Attributes of Forensic Markers / Nano Taggants by Type - Compared
- Table - Another Comparative View of Attributes - Nano-Taggants & Forensic Markers
PROFILES - SOLUTION PROVIDERS - 93 COMPANIES
Explanatory Note - Solution Providers
Presentation & structure of company profiles:
APPENDIX I - OTHER COMPANIES THAT MAY EMPLOY TAGGANTS - DIRECTLY / INDIRECTLY
- Table - Security Inks, Coatings, Pigments & Dyes
- Table - Packaging / Labels Converters
- Table - Security Printers
- Table - Packaging / Labels Materials (Security Papers / Films, Self-adhesive technology)
- Table - Holograms
APPENDIX II - RELATED R&D ACTIVITES - ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS / UNIVERSITIES
APPENDIX III - REGULATORY, HEALTH & SAFETY, ENVIRONMENTAL & PRIVACY
APPENDIX IV - NOTES ON TYPES OF PRODUCT CRIME
- Types of Product Related Crime & Solutions
- Counterfeiting and Piracy
- Counterfeiting and Piracy - Forgery/Alteration Fraud
- Counterfeiting and Piracy - Copy and Look-alike Products
- Counterfeiting and Piracy - Parallel Trading, Grey Markets and Diversion
- Counterfeiting and Piracy - Unauthorised Distribution, Back Door Trading and Over-runs
- Counterfeiting and Piracy - Dilution, Substitution refilling and remarking
- Tampering, Retail / Supply Chain Theft, Returns Fraud
- Retail and Supply Chain Theft
- Returns Fraud