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市場調査レポート

組込みソフトウェア&ツール市場:自動車・鉄道・交通/輸送部門

Embedded Software & Tools Market: Automotive/Rail/Transportation - Vertical Markets

発行 VDC Research Group, Inc. 商品コード 260461
出版日 ページ情報 英文 58 Pages, 107 Exhibits
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=101.51円で換算しております。
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組込みソフトウェア&ツール市場:自動車・鉄道・交通/輸送部門 Embedded Software & Tools Market: Automotive/Rail/Transportation - Vertical Markets
出版日: 2012年12月31日 ページ情報: 英文 58 Pages, 107 Exhibits
概要

自動車技術の発展は通常、キャブレターから燃料噴射、ドラムブレーキからディスクブレーキといったメカニカルな発展と共に起こります。そのためこれまでの数年間、主に安全性上重要な各種機能やエンジン部品などの制御を行う組み込みソフトウェアはあまり認識されてきませんでした。しかしこれらの組込みソフトウェアは、車載インフォテインメント(IVI:In-Vehicle Infotainment)や先進運転支援システム(ADAS:Advanced Driver Assistance System)、代替パワートレイン・システムなどにより、自動車の提供価値を新たに定義しなおしています。

当レポートでは、自動車・鉄道・交通/輸送部門向けの組込みソフトウェア&ツールの市場について調査分析し、市場推計および予測、市場影響因子の分析、組込みシステムエンジニアの技術要件・好み・利用状況の調査などをまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

重要ポイント

  • ソリューションプロバイダー:自動車OEMへの供給を行うために柔軟性を維持すべき

ベンダーへの影響

  • 特定産業に最適化したソリューションを考え、ソリューション強化のために透明性を向上させること
  • 市場影響因子への対応

市場概要

  • 私たちの移動の様式を変え続けるソフトウェア

市場推計・予測

  • 標準規格:依然として安全性上重要な機能を保護している
  • オープンソースソフトウェア:IVIプラットフォームで勢いを得ている
  • 複雑性と安全性基準:先進的ツールの需要を推進している
  • OEM:自動化ソリューションを用いてコンプライアンスを実現しようとしている
  • 調査回答者:アプリケーションクラス別
  • ハイブリッド電気自動車:ライトビークル全体における割合を増やす見通し
  • 代替パワートレインおよびIVI:新たな組込みソフトウェアコンテンツの大部分を占める見通し
  • ボディエレクトロニクス:引き続きほとんどのECUに貢献する見通し
  • 潜在的なエンジニア座席数
  • ハードウェアエンジニア・ソフトウェアエンジニア・その他のプロジェクトチームメンバーの違いが曖昧に、など

エンドユーザーの需要分析

  • OEMはさらなる社内開発に目を向けている・欧州のエンジニアは経済危機を感じている
  • エンジニア:マルチコア技術の導入の準備ができている
  • 回答者のマルチコア、マルチプロセッサー設計のプログラミング経験
  • エンジニアの約42%:モバイル組込みシステムの仮想化の概念に詳しくない
  • 欧州・中東・アフリカ地域の回答者の3分の1以上:現在のエンジニアリング業務市場は昨年より悪いと言及
  • 回答者の4分の3:ツール予算は横ばいか増加の見通しと考える
  • 現在のプロジェクトのソフトウェア開発のプログラミング言語
  • Windows 7のホスト開発プラットフォームとしての利用:この1年で2倍以上に
  • 重要ファクターとしてとどまるセキュリティだが、回答者の3分の1以上は積極的対策をとっていない
  • 外部へのアウトソーシング:全体として拡大する見通し
  • 自動車・鉄道部門のエンジニア:他のどの産業部門よりもスケジュール厳守の傾向
  • ソフトウェアエンジニア:現在のプロジェクトで最大のエンジニア作業区分
  • エンジニアによるマルチコア技術の導入とオープンソースOSの成長
  • 商用認可されたOS:多用な用途
  • 現在のプロジェクトで第1に選ばれたプロセッサー

図表

目次

Software will continually change how we travel

The evolution of automotive technology is typically associated with mechanical advancement, from carburetors to fuel injection or drum brakes to disc. In years past, embedded software has gone relatively unnoticed by everyday consumers, primarily controlling safety-critical functions or engine components. However, embedded software is steadily redefining the value proposition of new automobiles with such commodities as in-vehicle-infotainment (IVI), Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and alternative powertrain systems at the helm.

Automobile manufacturers worldwide continue to suffer from a variety of economical, political and environmental challenges despite a relatively healthy recovery of the industry since the global economic downturn in 2009. A failing European economy overshadows a resurgence in the United States auto industry and threatens to destroy any recent progress for those with production facilities in the region. Meanwhile, China has ballooned into the largest passenger car market in the world and is expected to net the most growth for the next five years, next to India.

Railway modernization continues to be a sticking point for a number of countries, with massive projects underway throughout Asia and other parts of the world. Influenced by energy efficiency and environmental friendliness, high-speed mass transit projects are also being deployed by established nations in Europe and the United States.

The total addressable market for automotive embedded solutions providers continues to expand dramatically as software becomes increasingly important for QEMs to differentiate their products. Customers crave the plug-and-play flexibility offered via their smartphones and automakers seek to replicate the user-experience.

However, specific functional safety standards, such as ISO 26262 and MISRA, currently prohibit use of certain technologies from managing different automotive software systems, forcing embedded suppliers to develop solutions for the market today while concurrently adapting future designs to developing standards.

“The totem of social acceptance is no longer personla mobility, it's personla connectivity.........the smart pone,” - Diurmuid O'Connell, VP of Business Development at Tesla Motors.

Industry alliances have been established to accelerate the rate of innovation and number of applications for lVl platforms. One of the most influentialgroups active today, The GENIVI Alliance, promotes the development of a reusable, open source, Linux-based platform to help developers speed time-to-market and reduce development costs. Alternatively, some embedded vendors have developed solutions bypassing restrictions imposed by industry standards some through the use of integrated controllers that unify various lvi functionalities under a single unit.

Strategic Issues, Trends & Market Drivers

Standards remain protective of safety-critical functions

As vehicles are progressively more connected to satisfy the growing functional demands of new vehicles, so too have the importance and costs of embedded hardware and software systems. The number of electronic control units (ECUs) required to control the highly integrated subsystems within today's automobiles has been growing rapidly to address the increase in electronic content. Automotive manufacturers are turning to embedded hardware and software vendors in search of solutions that will deliver higher computational power while concurrently lowering costs.

Average number of Electronic Control Units per Light Vehicle, 2011-2014
(Number of Units)
CAGR 2011-2014

However, due to the requirements imposed by safety-critical certification standards such as ISO 26262 which includes functional safety for road vehicles, multicore or virtualization technologies can't yet be utilized to achieve processor consolidation. Risks associated with software-borne threats such as privilege escalation due to OS vulnerabilities, side-channel attacks on cryptography and denials of service still weigh heavy against such methods.

End-User Analysis

Industry continues to rebound, security remains largely important

Nearly half of automotive engineers globally believe the health of the market has improved since last year. However, reflecting the economic turmoil currently taking place in Europe, respondents from EMEA cite a differing opinion with 65% of respondents claiming the market has either stayed the same or declined since last year. We believe the severity of the economic conditions in Europe will further damage the European automotive market through 2013.

Description of the Health of the Current Engineering Job Market
(Percent of Respondents)

The majority of automotive/rail embedded engineers believe security is important for the device/system under development primarily due to the product-safety requirements of such projects. Application security was cited as the most important security issue to address, with over two-thirds of engineers following some specific action to limit potential security issues.

Is Security Important for the Device/System under Development?
(Percent of Respondents)

About the Team

Chris Rommel, Vice President.

Steve Balacco, Director.

André Girard, Senior Analyst.

Jared Weiner, Senior Analyst.

Daniel Mandell, Research Associate.

Table of Contents

Critical Takeaways

  • Page 3: Solutions providers must remain flexible to supply automotive OEMs

Implications for Vendors

  • Page 5: Think vertically-optimized solutions, increase visibility to enhance solutions
  • Page 6: Adapt to market forces

Market Overview

  • Page 8: Software will continually change how we travel

Market Estimates & Forecasts

  • Page 10: Regional markets continue to flex among a rebounding global industry with software taking the show
  • Page 11: Standards remain protective of safety-critical functions
  • Page 12: Open source software is experiencing great traction with IVI platforms
  • Page 13: Complexity and safety standards drive demand for more sophisticated tools
  • Page 14: OEMs strive to achieve compliance using automated solutions
  • Page 15: Survey respondents by application class
  • Page 16: Hybrid electric vehicles will continue to grow as a percentage of total light vehicles
  • Page 17: Alternative powertrains and IVI will house the majority of new embedded software content
  • Page 18: Body electronics will continue to contribute the most ECUs
  • Page 19: Potential number of engineer seats
  • Page 20: Distinctions between hardware engineers, software engineers and other project team members becoming more blurred Page 21 Company staff include engineers from various disciplines software engineers comprise the largest number

End-User Demand Analysis

  • Page 23: OEMs look to further in-house development, European engineers are feeling the economic crunch
  • Page 24: Engineers are ready to introduce multicore technologies
  • Page 25: Respondents cited most experience with programming multicore!multiprocessor designs of any vertical
  • Page 26: Approximately 42% of engineers cite no familiarity with concept of virtualization for mobile!embedded systems
  • Page 27: Over a third of EMEA respondents cited the current engineering job market was worse than last year
  • Page 28: Three quarters of respondents believe their tool budgets will either remain the same or increase next year
  • Page 29: Programming languages most used to develop software for current projects include C, C++, Assembly and Java
  • Page 30: Windows 7 use as host development platform to more than double over next two years, majority of in-house projects hand coded
  • Page 31: Security remains largely important, yet over a third of respondents are taking no proactive actions to limit potential issues
  • Page 32: Outsourcing to external companies expected to increase overall
  • Page 33: Automotive!rail engineers express the tightest adherence to schedule of any vertical
  • Page 34: Software engineers continue to represent the largest type of engineers working on current projects
  • Page 35: Engineers expect to adopt multicore technologies, open source operating systems gaining traction
  • Page 36: Commercially licensed OSs remain diverse in use
  • Page 37: Processor(s) chosen first for current project, followed by Applications

LIST OF EXHIBITS

Appendix

  • Exhibit 1: Survey Respondents Segmented by Country in which Currently Working
  • Exhibit 2: Survey Respondents Segmented by Geographic Sub-Region
  • Exhibit 3: Survey Respondents Segmented by Geographic Region
  • Exhibit 4: Types of Company!Organization for which Respondents Work
  • Exhibit 5: Survey Respondents Segmented by Primary Role within Company
  • Exhibit 6: Number and Types of Embedded System Engineers at Respondents Companies
  • Exhibit 7: Number of Different Embedded Engineering Projects Started by Respondents Companies in 2011
  • Exhibit 8: Number of Different Embedded Engineering Project Starts Expected by Respondents Companies in 2012
  • Exhibit 9: Survey Respondents Best Estimate of the Fully-Loaded Labor Cost (including salary, benefits, overhead, etc.) for a Typical Engineer Involved in the Engineering of Embedded Mobile Systems!Devices, Software, Hardware, Processors, and!or Processor IP Products at their Location
  • Exhibit 10: Number of Different Embedded Engineering Products Shipped by Respondents Companies in 2011
  • Exhibit 11: Number of Different Embedded Engineering Products Expect to be Shipped by Respondents Companies in 2012
  • Exhibit 12: Percentage Embedded!Mobile Devices!Systems Shipped in 2011 by OS Type
  • Exhibit 13: Survey Respondents Product Design Type
  • Exhibit 14: Type of Product Being Developed in Current Project
  • Exhibit 15: Survey Respondents Segmented by the Target lndustry!application of their Current Project
  • Exhibit 16: Survey Respondents Segmented by Automotive
  • Exhibit 17: Survey Respondents Segmented by Rail/Transportation
  • Exhibit 18: Intended Use of the Device Under Development
  • Exhibit 19: Estimate of the Total Project Length in Calendar Months (Actual Time from Initial Specification to Shipment)
  • Exhibit 20: Estimate of the Number and Types of Full-time Engineers that are Working on Respondents Current Projects
  • Exhibit 21: Estimate of the Number of Units that will Ship per Year Once the Current Product has been Designed
  • Exhibit 22: Estimate of the Total Cost of Development (Includes labor, overhead, tools licensing, etc.)
  • Exhibit 23: Estimate of the Percentage of Total Development Cost Related to Software Development
  • Exhibit 24: Estimate of the Percentage of Total Software Development Cost Related to Licensing Commercial Software
  • Exhibit 25: Estimate of the Approximate per Unit Production Cost of the Current Embedded Product Respondents are Developing
  • Exhibit 26: Estimated Costs of Components as Percentages of the per Unit Production Cost
  • Exhibit 27: Estimate of the per Unit!Device Sale Price
  • Exhibit 28: Factors of Importance in the Development of the Product
  • Exhibit 29: Engineering Tasks Outsourced to External Companies
  • Exhibit 30: Expected Change in the Amount of Outsourcing for a Typical Project at Respondents Companies
  • Exhibit 31: Project Tasks in which Respondents are Personally Involved on the Current Project
  • Exhibit 32: Percent of Respondents Time Spent in Different Tasks over the Course of the Current Project
  • Exhibit 33: Adherence to Schedule for Current Project (or Best Estimate Upon Completion)
  • Exhibit 34: Respondents Estimation of Factors Most Attributable to Projects Delay
  • Exhibit 35: Processing Unit(s) Used on Current Designs
  • Exhibit 36: Processing Unit(s) Expected to be Used in Two Years
  • Exhibit 37: Processing Architecture Used on the Current Project
  • Exhibit 38: Processing Architecture Expected to be Used in Two Years
  • Exhibit 39: Respondents Experience Working with!Program m ing Multicore and!or Multiprocessor Designs
  • Exhibit 40: Respondents Rating of Training Available to Engineers to Learn Multicore Programming as Offered by the Following
  • Exhibit 41: Respondents Rating of Overall Capabilities and Maturity of Commercial Software Enabling Multicore Systems!Devices
  • Exhibit 42: Total Number of lCs!processors (on separate silicon) Used in the Current Project
  • Exhibit 43: Total Number of lCs!processors (on separate silicon) Expected Next Two Years
  • Exhibit 44: Total Number of Cores (across all lCs!processors) Used in the Current Project
  • Exhibit 45: Total Number of Cores (across all lCs!processors) Expected Next Two Years
  • Exhibit 46: Multiprocessing Methodology Employed for Current Project
  • Exhibit 47: Multiprocessing Methodology for Project Expected in Two Years
  • Exhibit 48: Multiprocessing Architecture Used in the Current Project
  • Exhibit 49: Multiprocessing Architecture for Project Expected in Two Years
  • Exhibit 50: Instruction Set Architecture(s) Used within the Embedded System!device Currently Being Designed
  • Exhibit 51: Instruction Set Architecture(s) Expected Use within Embedded Systems!devices in the Next Two Years
  • Exhibit 52: Semiconductor Supplier(s) Providing the Processors Used within the Embedded System!device Currently Being Designed
  • Exhibit 53: Expected Semiconductor Supplier(s) Providing the Processors Used within the Embedded System!device in the Next Two Years
  • Exhibit 54: Processor Family(ies) of Processor(s) Used within the Embedded System!device Currently being Designed
  • Exhibit 55: Processor Family(ies) of Processor(s) Expected Use within the Embedded System!device in the Next Two Years
  • Exhibit 56: Most Important Criteria When Selecting the Processor(s) Used Within the Target Embedded System!Device on the Current Project
  • Exhibit 57: Number of Operating Systems Required by the Target Embedded Device!System on the Current Project
  • Exhibit 58: Operating System(s) Used on the Target Embedded System on the Previous Project
  • Exhibit 59: Operating System(s) Used on the Target Embedded System on the Current Project
  • Exhibit 60: Operating System(s) Expected to be Used on the Target Embedded System on the Next Project
  • Exhibit 61: Issues Making it Difficult to Switch to a Commercial Product
  • Exhibit 62: Most Useful Resources for Informing the Selection!Purchase of Embedded Software Solutions
  • Exhibit 63: Other Software Stack Components Required by Current Device!system
  • Exhibit 64: Other Software Stack Components Expected to be Required by a Similar Project in Two Years
  • Exhibit 65: Current Target OS Same Supplier!Brand as Most Recent Similar Project
  • Exhibit 66: Importance of Embedded Operating System Characteristics during OS Selection for Current Project
  • Exhibit 67: Publicly Obtained Open Source Operating System(s) Used on Target Device for Current Project
  • Exhibit 68: Commercially Licensed Operating Systems Used on Target Device for Current Project
  • Exhibit 69: Commercially Licensed or Consortia Obtained Open Source Operating System(s) Used on Target Device for Current Project
  • Exhibit 70: Respondents Organization Policy towards the Use of Open Source Software
  • Exhibit 71: Respondents Familiarity with the Concept of Virtualization for Mobile!Embedded Systems
  • Exhibit 72: Current Development Project Using Virtualization Run-time Software
  • Exhibit 73: Expected Future Development Project Use of Virtualization Run-time Software
  • Exhibit 74: Primary Advantages from the Use of Virtualization
  • Exhibit 75: Primary Disadvantages from the Use of Virtualization
  • Exhibit 76: Is Security Important for the Device!System under Development?
  • Exhibit 77: Are you using either of the following solutions for the development of your embedded software!system (Do not include their use for support of your host development platform or corporate server)?
  • Exhibit 78: Types of Security Issues that are Important
  • Exhibit 79: Current Development Project Actions Taken to Limit Potential Security Issues
  • Exhibit 80: Confidence in Meeting Security Requirement for Product Under Development
  • Exhibit 81: Respondents Company Approach to Selecting an Embedded!Mobile OS
  • Exhibit 82: Components that Respondents Company Selected First for Current Project
  • Exhibit 83: Primary Host Development Environment Used for Current Development Projects
  • Exhibit 84: Primary Host Development Environment Expected to be Used for Development Projects in Two Years
  • Exhibit 85: Other Types of Devices Considered to be a Good Fit for Android
  • Exhibit 86: Number and Types of Embedded System Engineers at Respondents Companies
  • Exhibit 87: Approximate Cost Budgeted for All of the Tools Respondents are Using on the Current Project
  • Exhibit 88: Expected Change in Respondents Tool Budgets
  • Exhibit 89: Percent Change in Respondents Tool Budgets
  • Exhibit 90: Types of Tool(s) Used for Current Project
  • Exhibit 91: Most Important Characteristics When Selecting Tools Used on Current Project
  • Exhibit 92: Respondents Use of an IDE for Current Project Development
  • Exhibit 93: IDE(s) Used for Current Project Development
  • Exhibit 94: Source of Development Tools for ARM- or MIPS-based Current Development Project
  • Exhibit 95: Number of Commercial!third Party Lines of Software Code in Final Design for Current Project
  • Exhibit 96: Number of Open Source!third-party Lines of Software Code in Final Design for Current Project
  • Exhibit 97: Number of In-house Developed Lines of Software Code in Final Design for Current Project
  • Exhibit 98: Source of In-house Developed Software Code for Current Project
  • Exhibit 99: Expected Percent Increase (or Decrease) in the Total Lines of Software Code for the Next Project
  • Exhibit 100: Language(s) Used to Develop Software for Current Project
  • Exhibit 101: Description of the Health of the Current Engineering Job Market in the Country of Respondent
  • Exhibit 102: Annual Salary of Survey Respondents

Market Estimates

  • Exhibit 1: Global Light Vehicle Shipments, 2011-2014, (Millions of Units)
  • Exhibit 2: Global Light Hybrid Electric Vehicle Shipments, 2011-2014 (Thousands of Units)
  • Exhibit 3: Average Number of Electronic Control Units per Light Vehicle, 2011-2014 (Units)
  • Exhibit 4: Global Shipments of Light Vehicle ECUs by ECU Type, 2011-2014 (Millions of Units)
  • Exhibit 5: Estimate of Global Number of Automotive!Transportation Embedded Systems Engineers Working for Embedded Systems Manufacturers, 2011-2015 (Thousands of Engineers)
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