Trends in world textile and clothing trade, December 2016
|出版日||ページ情報||英文 54 Pages
|世界のテキスタイルおよび衣料品貿易動向 Trends in world textile and clothing trade, December 2016|
|出版日: 2016年12月01日||ページ情報: 英文 54 Pages||
World textile and clothing trade declined by 7.4% to US$744 bn in 2015 following increases of 5.0% in 2014 and 8.6% in 2013. The decline in 2015 reflected a 7.4% fall in textile trade and also a 7.4% fall in clothing trade. Geographically, the decline in textile and clothing trade was seen primarily in falls in exports to Europe, reflecting partly the depreciation of the euro against the US dollar. In textiles, the steepest fall was intra-European trade (down by 13.5%), followed by exports from Asia to Europe (down by 9.7%). By contrast, there was a rise in exports from Asia to North America (up by 2.3%). In clothing, the steepest decline was seen in exports from Asia to the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (down by 33.1%), followed by intra-European trade (down by 11.7%). However, there were increases in exports from Asia to the Middle East (up by 13.9%), exports from Asia to North America (up by 4.3%) and exports from South and Central America to North America (up by 2.5%).
The USA continued to have a deficit in its textile and clothing trade and, at US$106.65 bn, the deficit was at a record high. The EU also continued to have a deficit in its textile and clothing trade, although this was down slightly during the year to US$76.83 bn. Japan's deficit, meanwhile, fell for the second consecutive year, to US$30.10 bn, after rising in the previous 11 years. Offsetting these deficits, China was the country with the world's largest textile and clothing trade surplus, followed by India, Bangladesh, Turkey and Vietnam.
The world's largest textile exporter was China with a 38% share of world textile exports, followed by the EU, India, the USA, Turkey, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Pakistan and Vietnam. The world's largest textile importer was the EU with a 24% share of world textile imports, followed by the USA with a 10% share-but China ranked as high as third with a share of 6%. Next in importance was Vietnam, followed by Hong Kong, Japan, Bangladesh, Mexico, Turkey and Indonesia.
The world's largest clothing exporter was China with a 38% share of world clothing exports, followed by the EU, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, India, Turkey, Indonesia, the USA and Cambodia. The world's largest clothing importer was the EU with a 36% share of world clothing imports while the USA took 19% and Japan 6%. Next in importance was Hong Kong, followed by Canada, South Korea, Australia, China, Switzerland and Russia. But each of these seven importers had only a small share of world clothing imports.