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HV (高電圧) および EHV (超高電圧) ケーブルの世界市場:2020年 第1版

World Markets for HV and EHV Cable Ed 1 2020

発行 StatPlan Energy Limited 商品コード 918320
出版日 ページ情報 英文 192 Pages, 89 Figures, 40 Tables
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本日の銀行送金レート: 1GBP=137.95円で換算しております。
HV (高電圧) および EHV (超高電圧) ケーブルの世界市場:2020年 第1版 World Markets for HV and EHV Cable Ed 1 2020
出版日: 2019年12月09日 ページ情報: 英文 192 Pages, 89 Figures, 40 Tables
概要

当レポートでは、地下・海底における世界のEHV (超高電圧)・HV (高電圧) ケーブルの現在の利用、消費、将来の需要、および供給動向について包括的に調査しており、162ヶ国における陸上ベースの送配電網、世界の海底ケーブル、および電圧グループ別による分析などを提供しています。

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 HV (高電圧) ケーブル部門の定義

  • 海底EHV・HVケーブル
  • EHV・HVケーブルの理解
  • 高電圧の定義
  • 電力供給電圧
  • オフショアケーブル
  • ケーブル全長
  • 高電圧直流 (HVDC)
  • 高電圧交流 (HVAC)

第2章 HV (高電圧) ケーブルベース

  • 海底ケーブル
  • 陸上ベース地下ケーブル (UGC)
  • 欧州
  • アジア
  • 中東
  • 北米
  • その他 (RoW)

第3章 EHC・HV 地下/海底ケーブルの年間消費

  • EHC・HVケーブルの消費:km

第4章 陸上ベースの地下ケーブルベース

第5章 海底電力ケーブル:プロジェクト・市場

  • エクスポートケーブル
  • アレイケーブル
  • ショアケーブルからの電力
  • 海底電力ケーブルの略歴
  • 現在の海底ケーブル敷設
  • 海底ケーブルプロジェクト市場

第6章 オフショア風力発電ケーブル

  • オフショア風力発電市場
  • オフショア風力の主要国市場

第7章 オフショア石油・ガスケーブル市場

  • トップサイドケーブル
  • オフショアドライツリーと海底ウェットツリーの違い
  • SURF (subsea umbilicals, risers and flowlines)
  • 海底市場
  • プレソルト・ポストソルトリザーブ

第8章 EHVおよびHVケーブルの種類・技術

  • HVCのツリータイプの概要
  • 架空線 (OHL)
  • 陸上ベースHVケーブル/地下ケーブル
  • 海底または海中ケーブル
  • ケーブル技術、ほか

第9章 地下HV & EHV 陸上ケーブルの敷設

第10章 海底電力ケーブルと敷設

  • 海底電源ケーブル
  • HVAC
  • HVDC
  • ケーブル敷設
  • 将来のケーブル開発

第11章 先進技術、超電導体

第12章 GTW (GAS TO WIRE:天然ガスの送電線輸送)

第13章 環境問題:陸上ベースシステムにおける電磁場

第14章 企業プロファイル・ケーブル市場のシェア

第15章 海底ケーブル製造企業

第16章 用語集

調査手法

目次

A comprehensive report on the current usage, consumption, future demand and supply of EHV and HV cable, both underground and subsea, throughout the world.

  • Current installations of UGC and subsea cable - analysed by voltage by km of cable.
  • Market forecasts for EHV & HV UGC and subsea in km of cable and $ value, 2019 to

The report is based on two comprehensive surveys of cable length in km by voltage:

1. The land based transmission and distribution networks of 162 countries. The objective is to position EHV and HV cable within the entire network systems from EHV transmission to LV distribution in 2019, analysing each national grid by overhead lines, underground cables, and voltages. The data is derived from a survey of 186 utilities, together with secondary research of national sources.

2. Worldwide subsea cables - land-to-land interconnections, export cable for wind farms, power-from-shore cables for oil & gas platforms, analysing interconnector cable and export cable by voltage. Based on second-ary research of 202 subsea power cable systems.

Analysis by five voltage groups:

image1

The market for HV and EHV cable is changing, on both the supply and demand sides. Suppliers are develop-ing new technology with higher voltage cables and thinner dielectric insulation. On the demand side, regula-tion is being enacted for the new generation of EHV transmission corridors, city networks and environmental hazards. User practices are changing, with MV cable migrating to HV. These issues are identified and discussed.

Opportunities for HV underground cable - UGC amounts to 17.4% of total network mileage and 2.4% of the HV networks, but in both grids is on the increase in niche segments. Globally, transmission is in a phase of growth and modernisation involving large expenditures. Many national studies have outlined the pros and cons and made recommendations for EHV & HV UGC (≥ 330 kV/≥ 200 kV/ ≥100 kV) and identified cases for full and partial undergrounding. The report lists these opportunities and relevant national policies which will shape future markets.

Opportunities for HV subsea cable - The current state of the three major subsea cable segments are outlined and future developments flagged; land and island connections, offshore wind power, oil & gas power-from-shore and umbilicals. The report identifies the growth areas including trends from MV cable to HV.

The technologies of HV and EHV underground and subsea cables are outlined; high pressure fluid filled pipe (HPFF), high pressure gas filled pipe (HPGF), self-contained fluid filled (SCFF)/mass impregnated MI, EPR and XLPE dielectric insulated cable. The differences of composition are outlined, with advantages and disadvantages for each type, with historical and present usage trends.

New HV technologies are being commercialised; superconductors are already well established in medical ro-botics , and are starting to be installed in power transmission applications; GTW, Gas to Wire, is being promoted and the first project is about to take off, converting gas to electricity at the offshore platform site and trans-porting it to land grid via offshore wind turbine export cables, using surplus capacity. Manufacturers are pushing the boundaries to develop thinner cables and higher voltages for EHV and HV dielectric cables.

Company profiles of key HV and EHV cable players.

  • Prysmian
  • Nexans
  • NKT High Voltage Cables
  • Cablel® Hellenic Cables
  • Southwire
  • Parker Scanrope
  • Leoni
  • Sumitomo
  • Fujikura
  • Hitachi Cable
  • J-Power Systems (JPS)
  • LS Cable & System
  • Iljin Cable
  • Finolex J-Power Systems Private Ltd (FJPS)
  • Ningbao Orient Cable
  • Far East Cable Co Ltd
  • Wanda Group Holdings Co Ltd
  • Baosheng High Voltage Cable Co Ltd BHVC
  • Jiangsu Shangshang Cable Group.

Production of HV and EHV cable is a complex process taking quite a long time and demanding continuous moni-toring. Several of the leading international manufacturers were unwilling to divulge production capacity. We have assessed capacity on a regional basis, from company reports, from actual production and estimated utilisation.

Production of subsea cable is more complicated than for underground cable, requiring longer cable lengths and additional mechanical protection. Subsea cable is ordered as a customised product with longer lead times than underground cable.

Suppliers of subsea cable are outlined. Production capacity is still limited, but new entrants are coming into the market in regions where subsea cable is starting a growth trend.

Rights of Way are critical in deciding between overhead lines and underground cable. Combined with EMF - elec-tromagnetic fields - the issue may not always be clear cut and is subject to increasing regulation. Parts of UGC paths produce higher EMF than overhead aerial lines. These issues are discussed in the report.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • The scale of global undergrounding
  • Subsea cable
  • Consumption of EHV & HV cable in km
  • Vendor profiles
  • Asian companies in the European market
  • Chinese manufacturers of HVC
  • Vendor shares
  • Production capacity for HV and EHV cable
  • The technology of HV cable
  • EPR
  • XLPE
  • Production constraints
  • Production differences between submarine and underground cables
  • Advanced technology
  • Superconductors
  • GTW Gas to Wire

1 HIGH VOLTAGE CABLE SECTOR DEFINITIONS

  • Subsea EHV and HV cable
  • Underground EHV and HV cable
  • The definition of high voltage
  • Electricity supply voltages
  • Offshore cables
  • Cable length
  • High voltage direct current (HVDC)
  • High voltage alternating current (HVAC)

2 THE HIGH VOLTAGE CABLE BASE

  • Subsea cable
  • Land-based underground cable (UGC)
  • Europe
  • Asia
  • Middle East
  • North America
  • Rest of the world

3 ANNUAL CONSUMPTION OF EHC AND HV UNDEGROUND AND SUBSEA CABLE

  • Consumption of EHV & HV cable in km

4 LAND BASED UNDERGROUND CABLE BASE

  • HV/EHV land based underground cable applications
  • Partial undergrounding
  • The scale of global undergrounding
  • Regional penetration and line lengths and of EHV & HV and MV & LV underground cables
  • Distribution, MV & LV underground cable
  • Transmission, EHV & HV underground cable
  • Europe
  • Grid developments
  • Approval and local protest
  • The European transmission grids in 2019
  • EHV and HV Network
  • OHL
  • UGC
  • Failure statistics for Overhead Lines and Underground Cables
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Austria
  • Ireland
  • CIS
  • MIDDLE EAST
  • Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • China, India and Japan
  • China
  • Urbanisation and the Chinese housing market
  • India
  • Japan
  • Rest of Asia
  • Singapore
  • Korea
  • Taiwan
  • Hong Kong
  • Malaysia
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Pacific
  • Australia
  • North America
  • United States
  • EHV & HV transmission underground cable
  • Extruded Dielectric Cable Systems
  • HPFF Pipe Type Cable Systems
  • Costs of XLPE versus HPFF systems
  • Atlantic Wind Connection Atlantic
  • MV & LV Distribution underground cable
  • Regulatory barriers to underground cable in the US
  • Regulatory reform
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • Latin America

5 SUBSEA POWER CABLES - PROJECTS AND MARKETS

  • Export cables - Transmission
  • Array cables
  • Power from shore cables
  • A brief history of subsea power cables
  • Current subsea cable installations
  • SUBSEA CABLE PROJECT MARKET

6 OFFSHORE WIND POWER CABLE

  • Offshore wind power market
    • Wind farm cable design
    • Amrumbank West, north-west of Heligoland
    • Alpha Ventus
    • Baltic 1 and 2
  • KEY COUNTRY MARKETS FOR OFFSHORE WIND
    • China offshore wind power
    • UK offshore wind power
    • German offshore wind power
    • Netherlands offshore wind power
    • Indian offshore wind power
    • United States offshore wind power
    • Floating foundations
    • Floating foundations manufacturers
    • Major off-shore wind power market suppliers

7 THE OFFSHORE OIL & GAS CABLE MARKET

  • Topside cables
  • The difference between offshore dry tree and subsea wet tree
  • SURF (subsea umbilicals, risers and flowlines)
  • The subsea market
  • Pre-salt & Post-salt reserves

8 THE TYPES AND TECHNOLGIES OF EHV AND HV CABLE

  • OVERVIEW OF THE THREE TYPES OF HVC
  • OVERHEAD LINES (OHL)
  • LAND BASED HV CABLE/UNDERGROUND CABLE
  • SUBSEA OR SUBMARINE CABLES
  • CABLE TECHNOLOGY
  • 1HPFF - High-Pressure, Fluid-Filled Pipe-Type (Paper Insulated)
  • 2HPGF - High-Pressure, Gas-Filled Pipe Type Cable (GIL)
  • 3SCFF - Self-Contained, Fluid-Filled Pipe -Type (Paper Insulated) and Mass Impregnated cables (MI)
  • 4XLPE - Solid Cable, Cross-Linked Polyethylene Cable & EPR - (ethylene propylene rubber-insulated)
  • EPR
  • XLPE
  • Cross linking
  • Production of MI and XLPE
  • Production differences between submarine and underground cables

9 INSTALLATION OF UNDERGROUND HV & EHV LAND CABLES

  • Ancillary facilities
  • Joint Bays
  • Transition stations
  • Pressurising sources for HPFF systems
  • Right-of-Way construction in an urban zone
  • Right-of-Way construction in a rural zone
  • Trenching and blasting
  • Conduit Assembly for XLPE Construction
  • Transmission capacity

10 SUBMARINE POWER CABLES AND INSTALLATION

  • Submarine power cables
  • HVAC
  • HVDC
  • Cable installation
  • Future cable developments

11 ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY, SUPERCONDUCTORS

  • Zero resistance
  • Perfect conductor of electricity
  • Critical temperature
  • HTS vs LTS
  • Conditions required for a material to exhibit superconducting behaviour
  • Current state of development of the SC market
  • AMSC customers
  • The discovery of superconductivity - Technical development
  • Advantages of superconductor cable
  • Higher current-carrying capacity
  • Low impedance
  • Rights-of-way
  • Very low Electro Magnetic Field (EMF)
  • Lower life-costs for the system
  • Challenges to be overcome
  • High initial cost
  • Cryogenic Refrigeration System (CRS)
  • Splicing of the HTS cable
  • Promoters
  • Future market for HTS superconductors in utilities

12 GAS TO WIRE

13 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES -ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS IN LAND BASED SYTSTEMS

14 COMPANY PROFILES AND CABLE MARKET SHARES

  • Prysmian
  • General Cable
  • Nexans
  • NKT High Voltage Cables
  • Cablel® Hellenic Cables
  • Southwire
  • Parker Scanrope
  • Leoni
  • Asian companies in the European market
  • Japanese manufacturers of HVC
  • Sumitomo
  • Fujikura
  • Hitachi Cable
  • J-Power Systems (JPS)
  • J-Power Systems Saudi Co, (JPS Saudi),
  • LS Cables
  • Iljin Cable
  • Finolex J-Power Systems Private Ltd (FJPS)
  • Chinese manufacturers of HVC
  • Ningbao Orient Cable
  • Far East Cable Co Ltd
  • Wanda Group Holdings Co., Ltd,
  • Baosheng High Voltage Cable Co. Ltd., BHVC
  • Jiangsu Shangshang Cable Group
  • Production capacity for HV and EHV cable
  • Vendor shares

15 SUBSEA CABLE MANUFACTURERS

16 GLOSSARY

METHODOLOGY

  • 1The existing electrical transmission infrastructure
  • Land based underground cable
  • Subsea cable
  • 2To estimate present and future demand for HV and EHV cable by cable type and voltage.
  • 3To survey current production capacity with competitive analysis of cable producers.
  • 4To survey the development and current status of the technologies of HV cable and future developments.
  • 5To assess market factors which will influence future directions.

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Global annual demand for EHV and HV cable in km, 2019 to 2025.
  • Figure 2: Global annual demand for EHV and HV cable for subsea and land lines in km, 2019 to 2025.
  • Figure 3: Voltage analysis and land cable
  • Figure 4: Global lengths of HV & EHV transmission and MV & LV distribution overhead lines and underground cables, circuit km, 2018.
  • Figure 5: Global penetration of underground cable by voltage, 2018
  • Figure 6: Regional penetration of EHV & HV and MV & LV underground cables
  • Figure 7: Major countries with OHL and UGC, circuit km
  • Figure 8: Comparison between capacity of an OHL and corresponding UGL.
  • Figure 9: Proposed refitting of 400 kV towers
  • Figure 10: Inland VSC-HVDC power transmission corridors of Germany
  • Figure 11: DC interconnector between France and Spain,
  • Figure 12: The completed cable tunnel shows two ±320-kV DC cable circuits and grooved rails for robotic vehicle access
  • Figure 13: A robotic vehicle guided by grooved rails is used for all cable tunnel maintenance work.
  • Figure 14: The 4.2 metre tunnel boring machine
  • Figure 15: Length of OHL and UGC in European countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 16: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in European countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 17: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in European countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 18: Length of OHL and UGC in CIS countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 19: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in CIS countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 20: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in CIS countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 21: Length of OHL and UGC in Middle Eastern countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 22: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Middle Eastern countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 23: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Middle Eastern countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 24: Length of OHL and UGC in African countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 25: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in African countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 26: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in African countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 27: Length of OHL and UGC in China, India and Japan by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 28: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in China, India and Japan by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 29: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in China, India and Japan by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 30: Chinese overhead line and underground cable shares, ckm , 2018
  • Figure 31: Ghost cities in China
  • Figure 32: Tepco underground tunnel for HV cable
  • Figure 33: Overhead distribution lines in urban Japan
  • Figure 34: Lattice towers in urban Japan
  • Figure 35: Length of OHL and UGC in Rest of Asia by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 36: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Rest of Asia by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 37: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Rest of Asia by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 38: The electricity tunnels 60 to 80 metres in Singapore
  • Figure 39: Overhead distribution lines in Bangkok
  • Figure 40: A nest of OH lines in HCM City
  • Figure 41: Length of OHL and UGC in Pacific countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 42: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Pacific countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 43: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in Pacific by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 44: Length of OHL and UGC in North American countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 45: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in North American countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 46: Penetration of HV, MV & LV underground cable in North American countries by ckm, 2018
  • Figure 47: B-N 345-kV Southwest Connecticut Expansion Project final configuration
  • Figure 48: Atlantic Wind Connection
  • Figure 49: End users of subsea HV cables, 2019
  • Figure 50: Cumulative HVDC and HVAC subsea cables, Land-to-land, wind farms, 1954 to 2025
  • Figure 51: HVDC subsea cables in the world in 2015
  • Figure 52: Annual HVDC and HVAC Land-to-land subsea cable projects, 2010 to 2025
  • Figure 53: HVDC and HVAC subsea cable projects, existing, under construction or in permit, 2019
  • Figure 54: Anchored and floating foundations
  • Figure 55: SURF components
  • Figure 56: A subsea SURF scape
  • Figure 57: Composition of a subsea umbilical
  • Figure 58: Cross-section of a subsea umbilical - Prysmian
  • Figure 59: Cross-section of a subsea umbilical - Aker
  • Figure 60: Developments in umbilicals
  • Figure 61: SURF use of cables
  • Figure 62: Subsea tree awards
  • Figure 63: An ACSR cable and its application
  • Figure 64: HPFF or HPGF Pipe-Type Cross Section
  • Figure 65: GIL cable cross section
  • Figure 66: GIL cable installation
  • Figure 67: Comparative ratings of paper insulated HPFF and single-core self-contained fluid filled cables (SCFF)
  • Figure 68: 600 kV HVDC mass impregnated submarine able
  • Figure 69: XLPE AC cable construction
  • Figure 70: XLPE cables at different voltages
  • Figure 71: Vault construction in an urban location for a 345 kV XLPE cable
  • Figure 72: Transition station for 400 kV overhead lines
  • Figure 73: A single AC 400 kV system carrying 1,250 MVA
  • Figure 74: Two double AC 400 kV circuits carrying 5,000 MVA in total
  • Figure 75: Examples of trench construction, urban and rural
  • Figure 76: Examples of XLPE conduit assembly
  • Figure 77: Submarine power cable composition
  • Figure 78: Cable size
  • Figure 79: Cable laying vessels
  • Figure 80: Cable Laying - 1
  • Figure 81: Cable Laying - 2
  • Figure 82: Cable laying - 3
  • Figure 83: Cable burial
  • Figure 84: Landing a submarine cable.
  • Figure 85: The differences in behaviour between LTS and HTS materials
  • Figure 86: Superconductor cable
  • Figure 87: GTW development Options
  • Figure 88: The overall concept of GTW
  • Figure 89: Comparison of OHL and UGC

TABLES

  • Table 1: Cumulative installed bases of underground and subsea cable, circuit km, 2019
  • Table 2: Cumulative installed bases of land based underground cable by region and voltage, circuit km, 2019
  • Table 3: Annual demand for EHV and HV cable in ckm by voltage, 2019 to 2025.
  • Table 4: Annual demand for EHV and HV cable in ckm by voltage, 2019 to 2025.
  • Table 5: Sales at manufacturer's cost of EHV and EHV cable, 2019 to 2025
  • Table 6: Regional analysis of installed bases of EHV and HV cable, subsea and UGC and consumption
  • Table 8: Penetration of voltage of underground cable by voltage by region, 2018
  • Table 7: Global lengths of overhead transmission and distribution lines and underground distribution cables and global shares by region, 2018
  • Table 9: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in European countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 10: Underground cable by voltage and line length in ckm, Europe by country, 2018
  • Table 11: Vendor shares for HV and EHV cable in Europe
  • Table 12: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in CIS countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 13: Underground cable by voltage and line length in ckm, CIS by country, 2018
  • Table 14: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in Middle Eastern countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 15: Underground cable by voltage and line length in ckm, Middle East by country, 2018
  • Table 16: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in African countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 17: Underground cable by voltage and line length in ckm, Africa by country, 2018
  • Table 18: Cost comparisons in India between overhead, underground and aerial bunched cables
  • Table 19: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in All Asia by ckm, 2018
  • Table 20: Underground cable by voltage and line length in ckm, All Asia by country, 2018
  • Table 21: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in Pacific countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 22: Underground cable by voltage and line length in ckm, Pacific by country, 2018
  • Table 23: Length of HV, MV & LV OHL and UGC underground cable in North American countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 24: Underground cable by voltage and line length in ckm, North America by country, 2018
  • Table 25: Cost summary of XLPE versus HPFF installation
  • Table 26: Length of OHL and UGC in LAC countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 27: Length of HV, MV & LV underground cable in LAC countries by ckm, 2018
  • Table 28: Cumulative HVDC and HVAC subsea cables, Land-to-land, wind farms, 1954 to 2025
  • Table 29: Subsea and land connections in 2019, route km
  • Table 30: Subsea installations, Land-to-land and Power from shore, completed worldwide, 2019
  • Table 31: Subsea installations, Wind power, completed worldwide, 2019
  • Table 32: Subsea projects in the pipeline
  • Table 33: Voltage of subsea lines, existing and under construction, 2019
  • Table 34: List of countries by cumulative installed offshore wind power capacity (MW)
  • Table 35: The largest proposed wind farms currently listed (August 2019)
  • Table 36: Installed superconductors
  • Table 37: Superconductor manufacturers
  • Table 38: Some AMSC customers
  • Table 39: Cable market shares; leading manufactures of EHV & HV and subsea cable
  • Table 40: Manufacturers of subsea power cable and communications cable