表紙:鉄塔と電柱:2021年(第9版)
市場調査レポート
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1024852

鉄塔と電柱:2021年(第9版)

Towers and Poles Report Ed 9 2021

出版日: | 発行: StatPlan Energy Limited | ページ情報: 英文 271 Pages, 43 Figures, 57 Illustrations, 165 Tables | 納期: 即納可能 即納可能とは

価格
価格表記: GBPを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1GBP=155.67円
鉄塔と電柱:2021年(第9版)
出版日: 2021年08月26日
発行: StatPlan Energy Limited
ページ情報: 英文 271 Pages, 43 Figures, 57 Illustrations, 165 Tables
納期: 即納可能 即納可能とは
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 目次
概要

鉄塔と電柱は、送電・配電、電気通信、街路灯・駐車場照明などに使われており、2019年には41万5,000基の鉄塔と6,300万本の公益事業用電柱が販売されました。しかし、2020年にはCovid-19の影響によりそれぞれの販売が減少しています。

当レポートは、鉄塔と電柱について調査しており、市場規模や予測、タイプ・材質・長さ別の市場分析、特定の国における電柱のインストールベースと需要に関する解説、Covid-19-パンデミックの影響、競合情勢、主要企業のプロファイルなどの情報を提供しています。

目次

エグゼクティブサマリー

  • 支持柱の定義と用語
  • 支持柱の機能とタイプ
  • 鉄塔と電柱:総取引数
  • 送電およびマクロ通信用鉄塔・モノポールの世界のインストールベース
  • 配電および電話回線、街路灯、駐車場用電灯電柱の世界のインストールベース
  • 支持柱の市場
  • 鉄塔と電柱の年間販売数(2019-2026)
  • タイプ別:2020年の売上別支持柱販売
  • 地域別収益
  • 電柱タイプ別需要
  • Covid-19の影響
  • 長期的な需要動向-新規および交換
  • バリューチェーン-マージンスタック
  • 鉄塔タイプ
  • モノポールの成長
  • 鉄塔とモノポールの製造
  • 街路照明
  • 駐車場の街路灯柱
  • パッシブセーフティ
  • 材料
  • スチール&アルミニウム
  • コンクリート
  • 複合

第1章 鉄塔・電柱の概要

第2章 電力・通信の鉄塔:設置数

  • 送電鉄塔と通信塔の開発
  • 送電電圧の上昇とその交換への影響

第3章 電力・通信の鉄塔:ユニット販売

  • 2020年の送電および通信鉄塔の販売数

第4章 送電・通信用の販売高

  • 実質売上と名目売上の比較

第5章 電力柱、電信柱、街路灯、駐車場の電柱-設置数

  • 電柱-電気と電話
  • 街路灯
  • 中央管理システム(CMS)
  • 駐車場
  • 通信スモールセルポール
  • パッシブセーフティ
  • 機能別の設置済み電柱数
  • 材料別の設置数:木材、コンクリート、鉄鋼、複合材

第6章 電力柱、電信柱、街路灯、駐車場の電柱-販売高

  • 電柱の需要

第7章 電柱販売数

  • 長さ別電柱販売:40フィート(12m)未満、40~70フィート(12-21m)、70フィート(21m)超
  • 材料別電柱販売:木材、鉄鋼、コンクリート、複合材
  • 地域別電柱販売数(2019-2026)

第8章 名目での電柱販売高

  • 実数・名目売上の比較
  • 名目での販売高
  • 長さ別電柱販売:40フィート(12m)未満、40~70フィート(12-21m)、70フィート(21m)超
  • 材料別電柱販売:木材、鉄鋼、コンクリート、複合材
  • 地域別電柱販売数(2019-2026)

第9章 鉄塔と電柱市場と産業に対するCOVID-19の影響

  • 政府、メディア、電力企業、供給業界の間のミスマッチ
    • パンデミックの影響
    • 市場への影響:需要と供給の2つの側面
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • 中国
    • インド
    • パキスタン
    • 南米

第10章 鉄塔と電柱の長期需要サイクル

  • 送電および配電線ネットワーク、電気通信および街路灯の成長
    • 新規インストールと交換

第11章 配電-モノポールと鉄塔

  • 米国
    • 欧州
    • オランダ
  • スカンジナビア
    • デンマーク
    • アイスランド
    • フィンランド
    • フランス
    • ドイツ
    • スイス
    • 英国
    • イタリア
  • アジア太平洋
    • 中国
    • 日本と韓国
    • インド
  • ASEAN
    • モンゴル
  • パシフィック
    • オーストラリアとニュージーランド
    • ラテンアメリカ
    • 南アフリカ
  • 中東
    • 費用
    • スペース要件
    • 電磁界の低減
    • 財団

第12章 鉄塔またはパイロンタイプ

  • 懸垂鉄塔
  • 耐張型鉄塔
  • 角度鉄塔
  • 引留鉄塔
  • 捻架鉄塔
  • 鉄塔の設置
  • 鉄塔の設計の要素

第13章 鉄塔とモノポールの耐用年数とメンテナンス

  • 耐用年数
  • メンテナンス

第14章 電柱設計の競合

第15章 電柱の国内市場:配電柱と電信柱

  • 米国
  • 電柱の歴史
  • 電柱の他の材料
  • 欧州
  • オーストリア
  • キプロス
  • チェコ共和国
  • フィンランド
  • フランス
  • ドイツ
  • ギリシャ
  • アイルランド
  • オランダ
  • ノルウェー
  • スペイン
  • スウェーデン
  • スイス
  • 英国
  • ロシア
  • アジア太平洋
  • 日本
  • 中国
  • インド
  • 韓国
  • シンガポールとマカオ
  • オーストラリア
  • 中東
  • サウジアラビア
  • アラブ首長国連邦
  • オマーン
  • アフリカ

第16章 街路灯

  • 街路灯の世界ストック

第17章 駐車場

  • 米国
  • 欧州
  • 中国
  • 日本
  • 世界の駐車場収益
  • 駐車場の街路灯柱

第18章 パッシブセーフティ

  • パッシブセーフティロード機器の主なカテゴリ
  • パッシブセーフティポールタイプ
  • 安全な材料
  • 壊れやすい電柱タイプ
  • ブレイクアウェイポールとスリップベースポール
  • 衝撃吸収ポール
  • 高エネルギー吸収(HE)
  • 低エネルギー吸収(LE)
  • 非エネルギー吸収(NE)
  • パッシブセーフティコンセプトの起源
  • EUにおけるパッシブセーフティ
  • EU国内規制
  • ノルウェー
  • フィンランド
  • スウェーデン
  • ベルギー
  • オランダ
  • 英国
  • スロベニア
  • 米国

第19章 電柱の材料と耐用年数:従来の材料木材、鋼、コンクリート

  • 材料
  • 使用する
  • 概要
  • サイズ分類
  • H5~H1
  • 1~5
  • 6~10
  • 材料
  • 木材防腐剤
  • 木材防腐剤による汚染-浸出
  • コンクリート
  • 鋳造コンクリート柱
  • 複合材料-グラスファイバー
  • 廃棄
  • 木製電柱の耐用年数
  • メンテナンス
  • グラウンドライン処理
  • 内部治療
  • コンクリートポールの耐用年数
  • 鋼棒の耐用年数
  • 複合ポールの耐用年数

第20章 複合ポール

  • イントロダクション
  • 米国における複合技術とポールの開発
  • 価格/コスト
  • 安全係数
  • 複合材料と製造プロセスの材料
  • フィラメントワインディング
  • 引抜成形
  • コンポジットのテスト
  • 複合材料のスカンジナビア試験
  • ノルウェースタットネット
  • 英国
  • 複合ポールの利点
  • 複合材とグラスファイバーのメンテナンス
  • 複合材料およびその他の材料の耐用年数
  • ハードウェアの変更
  • モジュラーポール

第21章 電柱タイプ

  • その他の機器
  • 接地棒
  • 引留柱
  • 物理的アクセス
  • 建設分類

第22章 柱間距離

第23章 共同使用電柱のスペース割り当て

  • 供給スペース
  • 安全地帯スペース
  • 通信スペース
  • 典型的な通信ケーブル

第24章 鉄塔と電柱の製造業者-鉄鋼、木材、コンクリート

  • 中国
  • 鉄塔メーカー
  • 電柱
  • インド
  • 鉄塔
  • 電柱
  • マレーシア
  • パシフィック
  • オーストラリア
  • 電柱
  • 北米
  • 鉄塔
  • 電柱
  • 南米
  • ブラジル
  • 鉄塔と電柱
  • 欧州
  • オランダ
  • スウェーデン
  • 英国
  • 中東
  • 鉄塔と電柱
  • アフリカ
  • 電柱
  • アフリカのメーカー
  • ケニア

第25章 複合ポールとハードウェアの製造業者

  • 米国
  • クロスアーム
  • 欧州
  • 中東
  • インド
  • 中国

第26章 回路フェーズと導体

  • 単一回路
  • 二重回路
  • 複数導体
  • コリドーの多重使用の制限

第27章 道の権利

  • その他の地域の多重使用

第28章 鳥との間の危険

  • 問題の範囲
  • 感電死の力学
  • 衝突の軽減と防止
  • 感電死の緩和と予防

調査手法

  • インストールベースと需要
  • 需要サイクルのモデル
  • 鉄塔と電柱数:各セグメント別
  • 送電鉄塔と配電柱のデータベースの作成
  • 電信柱
  • 街路灯
  • 駐車灯
  • 需要
  • 送電および配電線ネットワーク、電気通信、街路灯の成長
  • 新規設置と交換

図表

目次

Transmission and Telecoms Towers and Monopoles Utility Poles, Street & Parking Lights.

415,000 lattice towers and 63 million utility poles were sold in 2019 for electricity transmission and distribution, telecoms, and street and car park lighting, each fall-ing in 2020 due to Covid-19.

The installed base and annual demand of the tower and pole fleet are analysed by:

  • Geography: World / 9 Regions / 217 Countries

End-user segments:

  • Electricity transmission lattice towers
  • Telecom lattice towers
  • Electricity transmission monopoles
  • Telecom macro
  • monopoles
  • Telecom small cell poles
  • Electricity distribution poles
  • Telephone poles
  • Street-light poles
  • Car park light poles
  • Total towers & poles
  • Material: Wood / Concrete / Steel / Composite
  • Pole length: ≥70' (21m) / 40'<70' (12-21m ) / <40' (12m )
  • Annual demand; Units and $ value from 2019 to 2026
  • Covid-19 - Review of impact of the pandemic, regional commentary, analysis of supply and demand.
  • National market commentary for Utility Poles- Market commentary on installed bases and de-mand for utility poles in selected countries, with information on numbers and type of pole.
  • Long term demand cycle The long term demand cycle is charted for new additions and replace-ments since 1900 and forecast to 2050.
  • The March of the Monopoles - a growing trend from lattice towers to monopoles is analysed with country reviews.
  • Street lighting - 323 million street and 29 million parking lights in a vigorous market driven by the conversion to high efficiency LEDs, urbanisation and passive safety.
  • Parking is an urban priority and escalating population density puts pressure on demand for space. A small market for lighting poles to date but growing..........
  • Materials are changing - wood remains popular, but growing demand for steel, concrete and composite poles is analysed.
  • Composite poles industry, market development and production technology, with profiles of the main pro-ducers.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Definitions and terms for supports
  • The functions and types of supporter.
  • All towers and poles, '000 units
  • Global installed base of lattice towers and monopoles for electricity transmission and macro telecoms
  • Global installed base utility poles for electricity distribution and telephone lines, streetlights and car par lights
  • The market for supporters
  • Lattice towers and poles annual sales, units and $ 2019 to 2026
  • Sales of supporters by $ value in 2020 by type
  • Revenue by region, $ billions
  • Demand for poles by pole type
  • The impact of Covid-19
  • Long term demand trend - New and Replacement
  • The value chain - the margin stack
  • Types of lattice tower
  • The growth of monopoles
  • Production and manufacturers of towers and monopoles
  • Streetlighting
  • Lighting poles in the parking sector
  • Passive Safety
  • Materials
  • Wood
  • Steel & aluminium
  • Concrete
  • Composite

1. OVERVIEW OF SUPPORTERS - TOWERS AND POLES

  • The different infrastructures in which towers and poles are used.
  • Lattice towers, large monopoles and utility poles - owners and users
    • Lattice towers - Transco and MNO
    • Lattice towers -transco towers installed base 10.0 million,
    • Transco monopoles - installed base 6.9 million
    • Telecoms communications macro towers - installed base 5.1 million macro cell stations and MNO lattice towers 1.6 million
    • MNO macro monopoles - installed base 1.1 million
    • Utility poles installed base - electricity distribution (disco) 944 million poles - landline telephone communications 397 million poles
    • Dedicated telecoms small cell poles - 256,000
    • Streetlights - installed base 323.3 million
    • Car park lights - installed base 29.3 million
    • The market for supporters

2. ELECTRICITY AND TELECOM LATTICE TOWERS - INSTALLED POPULATION

  • Development of transmission and telecom towers
  • The increase of transmission voltages and its impact on replacement

3. ELECTRICITY AND TELECOM LATTICE TOWERS - SALES IN UNITS

  • Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units, 2020
    • Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units, 2019-26

4. SALES OF TRANSMISSION AND TELECOM LATTICE TOWERS IN NOMINAL $ VALUE

  • The comparison of real and nominal value

5. ELECTRICITY, TELEPHONE, STREETLIGHT & CAR PARK POLES - INSTALLED POPULATION

  • Utility poles- electricity and telephone
  • Streetlights
  • Central management system (CMS)
  • Car parks
  • Telecoms small cell poles
  • Passive safety
  • Installed pole population by function
  • Installed population by material; wood, concrete, steel, composite

6. ELECTRICITY, TELEPHONE, STREETLIGHT & CAR PARK POLES - SALES IN UNITS & $ VALUE

  • Demand for poles

7. SALES OF POLES IN UNITS

  • Sales of poles by length; < 40' (12 m), 40-<70' (12-21 m), ≥70' (21 m)
  • Sales of poles by material; wood, steel, concrete, composite
  • Sales of poles in units by region, 2019-26

8. SALES OF POLES IN NOMINAL $ VALUE

  • The comparison of real and nominal value
  • Sales of Sales in nominal $
  • Sales of poles by length; < 40' (12 m), 40-<70' (12-21 m), ≥70' (21 m)
  • Sales of poles by material; wood, steel, concrete, composite
  • Sales of poles in nominal $ by region, 2019-26

9. THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE MARKET AND INDUSTRY FOR TOWERS AND POLES

  • The mismatch between government, the media, the electrical utilities and the supply industry
    • Impact of the pandemic
    • The impact on the market has two dimensions, supply and demand.
    • North America
    • Europe
    • China
    • India
    • Pakistan
    • South America

10. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLES FOR TOWERS AND POLES

  • Growth of electricity transmission and distribution line networks, telecoms and streetlighting
    • New installations and replacements

11. TRANSMISSION - MONOPOLES vs. LATTICE TOWERS

  • United States
    • Europe
    • Netherlands
  • Scandinavia
    • Denmark
    • Iceland
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Switzerland
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan and Korea
    • India
  • ASEAN
    • Mongolia
  • Pacific
    • Australia and New Zealand
    • Latin America
    • South Africa
  • Middle East
    • Cost
    • Space requirements
    • Reduction of the electromagnetic field
    • Foundations

12. TYPES OF TOWER OR PYLONS

  • Suspension tower
  • Tension towers
  • Angle suspension tower
  • Termination or dead-end towers, also called tension towers
  • Transposition towers
  • Tower Installation
    • 1. Build-up or piecemeal method.
    • 2. Section method
    • 3. Ground assembly method
    • 4. Helicopter method
  • Elements of lattice tower design

13. SERVICE LIFE AND MAINTENANCE OF STEEL LATTICE TOWERS AND MONOPOLES

  • Service Life
  • Maintenance
  • Phase 1 - Coffee Stain Rust
  • Phase 2 - Abrasive Rust
  • Phase 3 - Extensive Abrasive Rust
  • Phase 4 - Crash

14. COMPETITIONS FOR TRANSMISSION POLE DESIGN

15. NATIONAL MARKETS FOR UTILITY POLES - ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION AND TELEPHONE

  • United States
  • The history of utility poles
  • Other materials for utility poles
  • Europe
  • Austria
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom:
  • Russia
  • Asia Pacific
  • Japan
  • China
  • India
  • Korea
  • Singapore and Macau
  • Australia
  • Middle East
  • Saudi Arabia
  • UAE
  • Oman
  • Africa

16. STREETLIGHTING

  • The world stock of streetlights

17. PARKING

  • United States
  • Europe
  • China
  • Japan
  • Global parking revenues
  • Lighting poles in the parking sector

18. PASSIVE SAFETY

  • The main categories of passive safety road equipment
  • Passive safety pole types
  • Safe materials
  • Frangible pole types
  • Breakaway and slip-base poles
  • Impact-absorbing poles
  • High energy absorbing (HE):
  • Low Energy absorbing (LE)
  • Non Energy absorbing (NE)
  • The origins of the passive safety concept
  • Passive Safety in the EU
  • EU National regulations
  • Norway
  • Finland
  • Sweden
  • Belgium
  • Netherlands
  • United Kingdom
  • Slovenia
  • United States

19. UTILITY POLE MATERIALS AND SERVICE LIFE - TRADITIONAL MATERIALS WOOD, STEEL, CONCRETE

  • Materials
  • Use
  • Description
  • Size classification
  • H5 - H1
  • 1-5
  • 6-10
  • Materials
  • Wood
  • Wood preservatives
  • Pollution from wood preservatives - Leaching
  • Steel
  • Concrete
  • Spun and cast concrete poles
  • Composites- fibreglass
  • Disposal
  • Wood poles service life
  • Maintenance
  • Ground line Treatment
  • Internal Treatment
  • Concrete poles service life
  • Steel poles service life
  • Composite poles service life

20. COMPOSITE POLES

  • Introduction
  • Development of composite technology and poles in the US
  • Price/cost
  • Safety factor
  • Materials for composites and the manufacturing processes
  • Filament winding
  • Pultrusion
  • Testing composites
  • Scandinavian trials of composites
  • Statnett Norway
  • UK
  • Advantages of composite poles
  • Composite and fibreglass maintenance
  • Service life of composites and other materials
  • Hardware modifications
  • Modular Poles
  • 21.TYPES OF POLES
  • Other equipment
  • Grounding rod
  • Dead-end (anchor or termination) poles
  • Physical access
  • Construction Classifications

22. POLE SPAN

23. SPACE ALLOCATION ON JOINT USE UTILITY POLES

  • Supply Space
  • Safety Zone Space
  • Communications Space
  • Typical communications cables

24. MANUFACTURERS OF TOWERS AND POLES - STEEL, WOOD, CONCRETE

  • China
  • Lattice tower manufacturers
  • Poles
  • India
  • Towers
  • Poles
  • Malaysia
  • Pacific
  • Australia
  • Poles
  • North America
  • Lattice towers
  • Poles
  • South America
  • Brazil
  • Towers and poles
  • Europe
  • Netherlands
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • Middle East
  • Towers and poles
  • Africa
  • Poles
  • African manufacturers
  • Kenya

25. MANUFACTURERS OF COMPOSITE POLES AND HARDWARE

  • United States
  • Cross arms
  • Europe
  • Middle East
  • India
  • China

26. CIRCUIT PHASES AND CONDUCTORS

  • Single circuit
  • Double circuit
  • Multiple conductors
  • Restrictions on multiple use of corridors

27. RIGHTS OF WAY

  • Multiple use of ROWs

28. DANGER TO AND FROM BIRDS

  • Extent of the problem
  • The mechanics of an electrocution
  • Mitigation and prevention of collisions
  • Mitigation and prevention of electrocution

METHODOLOGY

  • The installed base and demand
  • The model of the demand cycle
  • Different segments of the tower and pole population
  • Creation of the databases of electricity transmission towers and distribution poles
  • Telephone poles
  • Streetlights
  • Car Parking lights
  • Demand
  • Growth of electricity transmission & distribution line networks, telecoms and streetlighting
  • New installations and replacements

Illustrations

  • Illustration 1: European countries installing new EHV monopoles
  • Illustration 2: Some new designs being installed in Europe
  • Illustration 3: New 400 kV monopole designs in the Netherlands
  • Illustration 4: New EHV poles in Scandinavia
  • Illustration 5: New 400 kV transmission monopoles in Denmark.
  • Illustration 6: Mobile lift maintenance
  • Illustration 7: Iceland new 220 kV transmission towers
  • Illustration 8: New 400 kV and 275 kV transmission monopoles in the United Kingdom.
  • Illustration 9: A camouflaged 400 kV transmission monopole in the United Kingdom
  • Illustration 10: Terna and 380 kV monopoles
  • Illustration 11: New 380 kV monopole in Dubai
  • Illustration 12: Reduction of electromagnetic fields and space requirements
  • Illustration 13: Economy of foundations
  • Illustration 14: Suspension tower, single steel pole
  • Illustration 15: Lattice steel suspension tower (L6 used in the United Kingdom)
  • Illustration 16: Installation of transmission tower by helicopter
  • Illustration 17: Phase 1 - Coffee Stain Rust
  • Illustration 18: Phase 2 - Abrasive Rust
  • Illustration 19: Phase 3 - Abrasive Rust
  • Illustration 20: Phase 3 - The tower falls
  • Illustration 21: The BOLD competition winner, 2018
  • Illustration 22: STRAW, winner of the Statnett competition, 2018
  • Illustration 23: Winner of the UK competition, 2011
  • Illustration 24: Pole design offered by National Grid
  • Illustration 25: The Land of Giants, Iceland, Choi & Shine
  • Illustration 26: Early poles in the United States
  • Illustration 27: The Detroit railroad concrete catenary structure
  • Illustration 28: Early use of granite telephone poles in Switzerland
  • Illustration 29: Utility pole in Japan
  • Illustration 30: A Stobie pole in Australia
  • Illustration 31: A mechanical parking structure
  • Illustration 32: 60 mph crash test with 114 mm post
  • Illustration 33: Slip-base poles
  • Illustration 34:Impact absorbing pole
  • Illustration 35: Wood joint use pole in the USA
  • Illustration 36: Decorative Wood light pole in the USA
  • Illustration 37: Decorative Wood light pole by Tehomet in Europe, a Valmont subsidiary
  • Illustration 38: Union Metal steel pole installation, 1927 and 2018
  • Illustration 39: A Stobie pole in Australia, electricity and streetlight
  • Illustration 40: Decay in a wood utility pole
  • Illustration 41: A nest of poles for shipment
  • Illustration 42: Double-circuit, 138-kV line on wood structures
  • Illustration 43: Double-circuit, 138-kV line on galvanized steel poles
  • Illustration 44: Single-circuit 138-kV line on weathering steel
  • Illustration 45: H-frame wood structure
  • Illustration 46: Poles for single phase line in Laos
  • Illustration 47: Tower for single circuit, three phase system (three conductors)
  • Illustration 48: Tower for double circuit, three phase system (six conductors)
  • Illustration 49: Tower for multiple circuits, three phase system (twelve conductors)
  • Illustration 50: Multiple lines, lattice towers and monopoles in same corridor
  • Illustration 51: A distribution line right of way
  • Illustration 52: A wetland-scrub/shrub-dominated community the first year after a mow.
  • Illustration 53: A grass-dominated community in an agricultural matrix the first year after a mow.
  • Illustration 54: Blue crane electrocuted in South Africa
  • Illustration 55: White storks in their nest on a utility pole in Vladeni in Romania
  • Illustration 56: Distribution pole with symmetric chevron (arrow) on top as bird exclusion device
  • Illustration 57: Dedicated nesting pole next to distribution pole with bird exclusion device

Figures

  • Figure 1: The global population of towers and poles in 2020 by primary user/owner
  • Figure 2: Lattice towers and poles annual sales, units and $ 2019 to 2026
  • Figure 3: Sales of supporters by $ value in 2020 by type
  • Figure 4: The global growth of transmission and telecoms towers from 1950 to 2020.
  • Figure 5: The evolution of transmission line voltage, the first introductions
  • Figure 6: Sales of lattice towers in real 2020 and nominal $
  • Figure 7: Road length and streetlights
  • Figure 8: Demand for poles by function, 2020
  • Figure 9: Demand for poles by pole length, 2020
  • Figure 10: Demand for poles by material, 2020
  • Figure 11: Sales of poles in real 2020 and nominal $
  • Figure 12: Installed base of poles and annual demand in million poles, 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 13: Demand for poles, new and replacement 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 14: New additions and replacements of poles with a 35-year service life, 1900 to 2040
  • Figure 15: The market for lattice towers and poles in the USA, $, 2017
  • Figure 16: Comparison of the footprint of a monopole versus a lattice tower.
  • Figure 17: Peak and Cage of a Transmission Tower
  • Figure 18: Cross Arm and Body of a Transmission Tower
  • Figure 19: 220-kV single-circuit LST
  • Figure 20: 500-kV single-circuit LST
  • Figure 21: 220-kV double-circuit LST
  • Figure 22: 500-kV double-circuit LST
  • Figure 23: The principle of exponential corrosion
  • Figure 24: Road length and streetlights
  • Figure 25: Stock of streetlights in the world 2018 to 2025
  • Figure 26: Comparison of the numbers of motor vehicles and available parking spaces in three of China's largest cities
  • Figure 27: Classification of parking as aces in Japan
  • Figure 28: HE, LE and NE passive safety poles performance in a collision
  • Figure 29: Percentage share of road deaths per road type (2007-2009 average) ranked by the percentage share of road deaths on a rural roads and motorways taken together
  • Figure 30: Outline of potential decay patterns
  • Figure 31: Space allocations on a joint utility pole
  • Figure 32: Supply space on a utility pole
  • Figure 33: Safety Zone Space on a utility pole
  • Figure 34: The Communications Space in a utility pole
  • Figure 35: An example of a single ROW corridor.
  • Figure 36: An example of parallel transmission ROW corridor
  • Figure 37: Typical European right of way cross section, self-supporting tower
  • Figure 38: Typical European right of way cross section, guyed tower
  • Figure 39: Right-of-way comparison for equivalent capacity of 765-kV and 345-kV lines
  • Figure 40: An example of a pole-mounted transformer
  • Figure 41: Installed base of poles and annual demand in million poles, 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 42 Demand for poles, new and replacement 1900 to 2050
  • Figure 43: New additions and replacements of poles with a 35 year service life, 1900 to 2040

Tables

  • Table 1: The functions and types of supporter.
  • Table 2: Sales in 2020 as a % of 2019 sales in units by region
  • Table 3: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by region, 2020
  • Table 4: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 5: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 6: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 7: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 8: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 9: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 10: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 11: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 12: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 13: Installed population of transmission and telecom lattice towers by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 14: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by region, 2020
  • Table 15: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 16: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 17: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 18: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 19: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 20: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 21: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 22: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 23: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 24: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 25: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by region, 2019-26
  • Table 26: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 27: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 28: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 29: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers units by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 30: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 31: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Asia, 2019-26
  • Table 32: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 33: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 34: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 35: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in units by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 36: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by region, 2019-26
  • Table 37: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 38: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 39: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 40: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 41: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 42: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Asia,
  • Table 43: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 44: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 45: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 46: Sales of transmission and telecom lattice towers in nominal $ by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 47: Installed population of poles in units by function and region, 2020
  • Table 48: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 49: Installed population of poles in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 50: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 51: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 52: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 53: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 54: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 55: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 56: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 57: Installed population of poles in units by function by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 58: Installed population of poles in units by function and region, 2020
  • Table 59: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 60: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 61: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 62: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 63: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 64: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 65: Installed population poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 66: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 67: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 68: Installed population of poles in units by material by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 69: Sales of poles in units by function and region, 2020
  • Table 70: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 71: Sales of poles in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 72: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 73: Sales of poles in units by function by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 74: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 75: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 76: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 77: Sales of poles in units by function by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 78: Sales of poles in units by function by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 79: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 80: Sales of poles in units by length and region, 2020
  • Table 81: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 82: Sales of poles in units by length by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 83: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 84: Sales of poles in units by length by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 85: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 86: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 87: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 88: Sales of poles in units by length by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 89: Sales of poles in units by length by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 90: Sales of poles in units by length by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 91: Sales of poles in units by material and region, 2020
  • Table 92: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 93: Sales of poles in units by material by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 94: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 95: Sales of poles in units by material by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 96: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 97: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 98: Sales of poles in units by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 99: Sales of poles in units by material by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 100: Sales of poles in units by material by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 101: Sales of poles in units by material by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 102: Sales of poles in units by region, 2019-26
  • Table 103: Sales of poles in units by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 103: Sales of poles in units by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 104: Sales of poles in units by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 105: Sales of poles in units by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 106: Sales of in units by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 107: Sales of poles in units by country, Asia, 2019-26
  • Table 108: Sales of poles in units by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 109: Sales of poles in units by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 110: Sales of poles in units by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 111: Sales of poles in units by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 112: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function and region, 2020
  • Table 113: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 114: Sales of poles in units by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 115: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 116: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 117: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 118: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 119: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 120: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 121: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 122: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 123: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length and region, 2020
  • Table 124: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 125: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 126: Sales of poles in nominal $by length by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 127: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 128: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 129: Sales of poles in nominal $by length by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 130: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 131: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 132: Sales of poles in units by length by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 133: Sales of poles in nominal $ by length by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 134: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material and region, 2020
  • Table 135: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, Europe, 2020
  • Table 136: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, CIS, 2020
  • Table 137: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, Middle East, 2020
  • Table 138: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, North Africa, 2020
  • Table 139: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2020
  • Table 140: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, Asia, 2020
  • Table 141: Sales of poles in nominal $ by function by country, Pacific, 2020
  • Table 142: Sales of poles in nominal $by material by country, North America, 2020
  • Table 143: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, South America, 2020
  • Table 144: Sales of poles in nominal $ by material by country, Central America, 2020
  • Table 145: Sales of poles in nominal $ by region, 2019-26
  • Table 146: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Europe, 2019-26
  • Table 147: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, CIS, 2019-26
  • Table 148: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Middle East, 2019-26
  • Table 149: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, North Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 150: Sales of in nominal $ by country, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019-26
  • Table 151: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Asia, 2019-26
  • Table 152: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Pacific, 2019-26
  • Table 153: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, North America, 2019-26
  • Table 154: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, South America, 2019-26
  • Table 155: Sales of poles in nominal $ by country, Central America, 2019-26
  • Table 157: Description and cost of repairs
  • Table 158: Road length and streetlights
  • Table 159: Installed stock of streetlights in the world 2018 to 2025
  • Table 160: Installed base of lighting poles in parking lots by major countries, 2020
  • Table 161: Installed base of lighting poles in parking lots in Europe, 2020
  • Table 162: Annual new and replacement sales of poles for parking lots
  • Table 158: Manufacturers of Towers, with production capacity
  • Table 164: Estimates of the annual number of collision victims with above ground transmission lines (excluding distribution lines) for three different countries.
  • Table 165: The size of large raptors