Consumer Finance in Vietnam: First-Half 2019 Review
発行: FiinGroup JSC
ページ情報: 英文 39 Pages
The CF market is turning to get a steady growth due to the concern about SBV's proposed tightening policies on disbursement to new customers as well as limit of cash loans, which accounts for more than 30% of loan books in the majority of FinCos. In 1H2019. The CF market inched up 11.7% YTD growth.
CF increased its contribution to national loan book at 20.05% in the first 6M2019, compared to 18.3% in 2018 and 17.3% in 1H2018. Given the current market size, CF penetration in Vietnam (~20.% of national loan book) is currently considered slow compared to its regional peers (ASEAN5 at 35%), signaling room for growth.
The CF Market consists of retail banks and FinCos, in which banks dominate more than 90% of the total market. With extensive retail network and long-term reputation, banks target customers with good credit history while target clients of FinCos are new and unbanked customers.
Cash Loans take up roughly half of FinCos' loan book and remain the growth driver, it is considered the quick approach to penetrate the CF market and increase market share for FinCos, especially new players who do not have a strong customer base for upselling.
In 1H2019, cash loan market share witnessed a deceleration due to the concern on SBV's intention to reduce the proportion of cash loans at FinCos to 30% at maximum in the draft Amendment of Circular 43.
Leading players like FE Credit, Home Credit, HD Saison have shifted to focus on cross selling and upselling to existing customers whose good credit history has been validated rather than new customers. Thus, products like TW, CDs (offered to new customers) tend to decline, while credit cards offered to customers with healthy credit history are strengthened.
FE Credit managed to slightly increase its share by 2.1% compared to that at year-end 2018. Market share of other major players like HD Saison, Home Credit have been eroded due to the slow-down in loan growth and fierce competition from newcomers such as Easy Credit, VietCredit, SHB Finance, Lotte Finance and Shinhan Finance.
At the beginning of 2019, the provision regarding maximum ratio (LDR) for the use of short-term capital sources (D) to finance medium- and long-term loans (L), prescribed at Circular 16/2018 amending Circular No. 36/2014 became effective.
SBV is also reviewing regulations and policies and process of issuance and usage of credit cards and may promulgate an official regulation on this issue soon. This policy will directly affect the banks and FinCos who aim to boost sales of this product to low-income segments under the circumstance that SBV intends to restrict cash loans in the time to come.
Compared to 2018, SBV has not changed the standpoints on tightening disbursement policy of cash loan to new customers and raising risk-coefficients to housing loans which were proposed in the draft amendments to Circular 43
With a view to repel black credit, SBV encouraged credit institution who want to expand their POS networks and develop CF products to rural areas, industrial zones and so. Besides, by promulgating Decision on sharing economy models, the Government turns the green light for P2P lending by delegating SBV to study and develop a regulatory sandbox and allow pilot projects of this lending platform. The Government also considers allowing e-KYC in the draft Decree revising the current regulations on prevention and combat of money laundering.
FinCos' NPM decreased by 4.2% YTD due to higher operating costs for recruitment of quality people, and higher investments in developing internal systems/procedures, and digitization. FinCos not only have to compete to gain market share but also face competition in recruiting and retaining competent staff as new entrants are hunting their quality workforce aggressively.
The average NPL in both banks and FinCos substantially declined, showing improvement in asset quality and risk management. In order to mitigate credit risk, some key players have switched to focusing more on existing customers whose credit history is validated rather than new customers, adopting AI, social rating to better score customers' credit and prevent fraud.
Strong partnership with e-commerce platforms, telcos and fintech ecosystems has become new key drivers for consumer finance that helps CF players boost customer outreach and overcome the shortage of consumer behaviour data.