This report presents a broad range of topics, both sector-specific and cross-cutting market issues.
The aim of this study is to analyse Vietnam logistics market (market structure, size, value chain and SWOT analysis) and present an outlook on market growth, opportunities, and performance. The major focuses are market trends and performance in key logistics segments: Transportation (Road, Inland Waterway, Ocean, Rail and Air), Warehousing, Forwarding and Port Operation.
In addition, the in-depth review on the participation of foreign entities (industry players & investors) in terms of ownership and financial performance of public logistics companies in Vietnam during 2011 - 2016, empowered by the most comprehensive and insightful corporate database for Vietnam - our Biinform database & FiinPro Platform, are also included in the report.
Below are some highlights from our second issue:
- 1) Total logistics costs in Vietnam are estimated at US$41.26bn in 2016, equivalent to 20.8% of GDP. In 2015, total logistics cost reached US$38.85bn in Vietnam, accounting for around 20.8% of total GDP (US$186bn). Typically, the proportion of total logistics cost in relation to a country's GDP reveals the state of its logistics sector. The rate in China is 15.4%, in developed countries like the United States (US) and Singapore is about 8-9%.
- 2) Foreign-invested players are dominating the market with experience and professional management. Fierce competition from foreign enterprises: though there are only over 25 foreign companies participating in logistics sector, those FDI captured the majority of market share, providing high-value-added logistics service, e.g. international shipping, supply chain management.
- 3) Road transport is the backbone of Vietnamese freight transport. Supply chains are exposed to an extensive but inadequate road network. Supply chains in Vietnam rely on an underdeveloped road network to meet its logistics needs, which inevitably leads to congestion and safety issues. Inconsistencies across the transport network in terms of extent and quality are one of the most problematic factors for firms doing business in Vietnam.
- 4) Forwarding in Vietnam include ICD and CFS service. Regarding for ICD, there are 21 inland container depots (ICD) concentrating in the North and the South. (Central does not have ICD yet) as of 2016. For CFS service, foreign companies dominated the market. Domestic companies mainly play as agency. Biggest players include Gemagept, DRACO and Safi.
- 5) Warehousing sector in Vietnam can be segmented into two main categories including dry warehouse and cold storage warehouse. Dry warehouse serves storage demand of manufacturers and distributors, especially FMCG companies with big names including DKSH, DHL, Mappletrees, Gemadept, DRACO, Vinafco and Transimex.
- 6) Three main sources of logistics demand include export, industrial expansion and FMCG market. Of which, export and grocery retailers are expected to be drivers for logistics demand growth in the future thanks to a number of FTAs signed in 2015 such as Vietnam-Korean Free Trade Agreement (VKFTA), ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). Hence, logistics demands including cold storage for preserving the goods serving for importing and exporting purposes are expected to bound.
- 7) Listed Logistics Companies posted a good performance in the review period with average net profit margin of 8.2% in 2016. In this report, financial performance of logistics companies by size range, segmentation and ownership structure is also included.
Table of Contents
1. Overview of Vietnam Logistics Sector
- 1.1. Market Structure & Description
- 1.2. Market Size & Segmentation
- 1.3. SWOT Analysis
2. Analysis of Vietnam Logistics Sector
- 2.1. Logistics Infrastructure in Vietnam
- 2.2. Transportation
- 2.3. Forwarding
- 2.4. Warehousing
- 2.5. Port Operation
3. Demand Analysis
4. M&A Transactions in Vietnam Logistics Sector
5. Sector Performance
- 5.1. Foreign Ownership
- 5.2. Financial Benchmarking & Analysis
- 6.1. Macroeconomic Condition
- 6.2. Legal Framework
- Appendix 1: Profiling of Top Logistics Companies