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5G無線のエコシステムの展望:技術・用途・エンドユーズ産業・戦略・予測

The 5G Wireless Ecosystem: 2016 - 2030 - Technologies, Applications, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts

発行 Signals and Systems Telecom 商品コード 322413
出版日 ページ情報 英文 145 Pages
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5G無線のエコシステムの展望:技術・用途・エンドユーズ産業・戦略・予測 The 5G Wireless Ecosystem: 2016 - 2030 - Technologies, Applications, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts
出版日: 2016年02月29日 ページ情報: 英文 145 Pages
概要

LTEおよびLTE-Advancedの導入が依然として進められる中で、すでに無線通信事業者およびベンダーは、2020年の商業化を目標に、5G技術のR&Dイニシアチブに着手しています。5Gはまだ標準化されていないものの、ベンダー各社はMassive MIMOやビーム形成のような新しいエアインターフェース伝送スキーム、高周波数帯、および先進のアンテナ技術に焦点を絞って積極的に投資しています。2020年に大規模な商業配備が開始することにより、5G無線市場は2025年までに2,500億米ドルの規模に達すると見込まれています。

当レポートでは、5G無線の今後の発展について調査し、5Gの概要と要件、5G市場の推進因子および障壁・課題、5Gの用途と利用事例、各種実現技術の種類と概要、投資額および地域別の加入者数の予測、周波数帯域の見通し、関連組織・地域・各国政府などによるイニシアチブ、主要事業者による取り組みなどをまとめています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 5Gエコシステムの進化

  • 5Gとは
  • 5Gの要件
    • データボリューム
    • スループット
    • レスポンスタイム&レイテンシー
    • デバイス密度
    • アベイラビリティ&カバレージ
    • 電池寿命
    • 省エネルギー性&コスト削減性
  • 5G市場の推進因子
    • 5G規格の必要性
    • 周波数帯域利用の改善
    • エアインターフェース伝送スキームの進化
    • ギガビット無線接続:将来のサービスのサポート
    • IoT (Internet of Things)への移行:デバイス密度の増加
    • よりフラットなネットワークアーキテクチャへの移行
  • 5Gの課題と成長阻害因子
    • 懐疑論
    • 標準化における課題:多すぎるステークホルダー
    • 周波数帯域の法規制と複雑性、など
  • 5Gの用途と利用事例
    • 広帯域を必要とする用途:映像・インターネットゲーム・AR
    • MTC/M2M・IoT・ユビキタスコミュニケーション
    • エンドユーザー産業・セーフティクリティカルな領域
      • 自動車
      • エネルギー&スマートグリッド
      • 輸送&ロジスティクス
      • 医療
      • スマートシティ
      • 公衆安全
      • フィットネス&スポーツ

第3章 5Gの実現技術

  • 主要技術・コンセプト
    • エアインターフェース:波形オプション
    • ミリ波無線アクセス
    • Massive MIMO
    • フェーズドアレイアンテナ
    • ビーム成形
    • D2D通信
    • セルフバックホール処理&メッシュネットワーキング
    • コグニティブ無線&スペクトルセンシング
    • 無免許のスペクトル使用
    • LSA (Licensed Shared Access)
    • スペクトルアグリゲーション
    • VLC (Visible Light Communication)の統合
  • 補足技術
    • NFV & SDN
    • HetNet & C-RANアーキテクチャ
    • クラウド RAN
    • MEC(モバイル・エッジ・コンピューティング)
    • ドローン&衛星

第4章 5Gへの投資と将来の予測

  • 5G研究開発(R&D)への現在の投資規模
  • 技術別R&D投資
  • 世界の5G加入者:将来の予測
  • アジア太平洋
  • 東欧
  • 中南米
  • 中東・アフリカ
  • 北米
  • 西欧

第5章 携帯電話会社の取り組みと5Gの周波数帯域評価

  • 携帯電話会社の取り組み
    • 日本、韓国およびアジア諸国
    • 欧州
    • 北米
    • その他の地域
    • 事業者のケーススタディ
      • NTTドコモ
      • SK Telecom
  • 5Gの周波数帯域オプション
    • Sub-1 GHz
    • 1-6 GHz
    • 6 GHz以上
  • 高周波数帯

第6章 5Gの標準化・研究イニシアチブ

  • ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
  • 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • GSMA
  • NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
  • 5G Americas
  • WWRF (World Wireless Research Forum)
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • Small Cell Forum
  • CableLabs
  • ECによるイニシアチブ
    • 5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)
    • FP7 Projects
  • 各国政府によるイニシアチブ
    • 韓国
    • 日本
    • 中国
    • 台湾
    • 米国
    • 英国
    • ロシア
    • ドイツ
    • スペイン
    • フィンランド
  • 学術機関によるイニシアチブ
    • 5GIC (5G Innovation Center, University of Surrey)
    • NYU WIRELESS (New York University)
    • 5G Lab (TU Dresden)
    • Viterbi School of Engineering (University of Southern California)
    • 広島大学
    • 東京工業大学

第7章 ベンダーによるデモンストレーション・取り組み・戦略

  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Ericsson
  • 富士通
  • Google
  • Huawei
  • Intel Corporation
  • InterDigital
  • Keysight Technologies
  • 三菱電機
  • NEC
  • NI (National Instruments)
  • Nokia
  • Qualcomm
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • Samsung
  • SiBEAM
  • ZTE
    • 5G戦略
    • デモンストレーション&トライアル

図表

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目次

While LTE and LTE-Advanced deployments are still underway, mobile operators and vendors have already embarked on R&D initiatives to develop so-called “5G” technology, with a vision of commercialization by 2020. 5G is essentially a revolutionary paradigm shift in wireless networking to support the throughput, latency and scalability requirements of future use cases such as extreme bandwidth augmented reality applications and connectivity management for Billions of M2M (Machine to Machine) devices.

Although 5G is yet to be standardized, vendors are aggressively investing in 5G development efforts with a principal focus on new air interface transmission schemes, higher frequency bands and advanced antenna technologies such as Massive MIMO and beamforming. With large scale commercial deployments expected to begin in 2020, we estimate that 5G networks will generate nearly $250 Billion in annual service revenue by 2025.

The “5G Wireless Ecosystem: 2016 - 2030 - Technologies, Applications, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the emerging 5G ecosystem including key market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, use cases, vertical market applications, spectrum assessment, mobile operator deployment commitments, case studies, standardization, research initiatives and vendor strategies. The report also presents forecasts for 5G investments and operator services.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • 1.1. Executive Summary
  • 1.2. Topics Covered
  • 1.3. Forecast Segmentation
  • 1.4. Key Questions Answered
  • 1.5. Key Findings
  • 1.6. Methodology
  • 1.7. Target Audience
  • 1.8. Companies & Organizations Mentioned

Chapter 2: The Evolving 5G Ecosystem

  • 2.1. What is 5G?
  • 2.2. 5G Requirements
    • 2.2.1. Data Volume
    • 2.2.2. Throughput
    • 2.2.3. Response Time & Latency
    • 2.2.4. Device Density
    • 2.2.5. Availability & Coverage
    • 2.2.6. Battery Life
    • 2.2.7. Energy Saving & Cost Reduction
  • 2.3. 5G Market Drivers
    • 2.3.1. Why the Need for a 5G Standard?
    • 2.3.2. Improving Spectrum Utilization
    • 2.3.3. Advances in Air Interface Transmission Schemes
    • 2.3.4. Gigabit Wireless Connectivity: Supporting Future Services
    • 2.3.5. Moving Towards the IoT (Internet of Things): Increasing Device Density
    • 2.3.6. Towards a Flatter Network Architecture
  • 2.4. Challenges & Inhibitors to 5G
    • 2.4.1. Skepticism
    • 2.4.2. Standardization Challenges: Too Many Stakeholders
    • 2.4.3. Spectrum Regulation & Complexities
    • 2.4.4. Massive MIMO, Beamforming & Antenna Technology Issues
    • 2.4.5. Higher Frequencies Mean New Infrastructure
    • 2.4.6. Complex Performance Requirements
    • 2.4.7. Energy Efficiency & Technology Scaling
  • 2.5. 5G Applications & Use Cases
    • 2.5.1. Extreme Bandwidth Applications: Video, Internet Gaming & Augmented Reality
    • 2.5.2. MTC/M2M, IoT & Ubiquitous Communications
      • 2.5.2.1. Short-burst Traffic
    • 2.5.3. Vertical Industries & Safety Critical Domains
      • 2.5.3.1. Automotive
      • 2.5.3.2. Energy & Smart Grids
      • 2.5.3.3. Transport & Logistics
      • 2.5.3.4. Healthcare
      • 2.5.3.5. Smart Cities
      • 2.5.3.6. Public Safety
      • 2.5.3.7. Fitness & Sports

Chapter 3: Enabling Technologies for 5G

  • 3.1. Key Technologies & Concepts
    • 3.1.1. Air Interface: Waveform Options
    • 3.1.2. Millimeter Wave Radio Access
    • 3.1.3. Massive MIMO
    • 3.1.4. Phased Array Antennas
    • 3.1.5. Beamforming
    • 3.1.6. D2D (Device to Device) Communications
    • 3.1.7. Self-Backhauling & Mesh Networking
    • 3.1.8. Cognitive Radio & Spectrum Sensing
    • 3.1.9. Unlicensed Spectrum Usage
    • 3.1.10. LSA (Licensed Shared Access)
    • 3.1.11. Spectrum Aggregation
    • 3.1.12. Integration of VLC (Visible Light Communication)
  • 3.2. Complimentary Technologies
    • 3.2.1. NFV & SDN
    • 3.2.2. HetNet & C-RAN Architecture
    • 3.2.3. Cloud RAN
    • 3.2.4. MEC (Mobile Edge Computing)
    • 3.2.5. Drones & Satellites
      • 3.2.5.1. Satellite Integration in 5G Networks
      • 3.2.5.2. Google and Facebook's Drone Ambitions
      • 3.2.5.3. Interest from Mobile Operators

Chapter 4: 5G Investments & Future Forecast

  • 4.1. How Much is Being Invested in 5G R&D?
  • 4.2. R&D Investments by Technology
    • 4.2.1. New Waveforms & Millimeter Wave Radio Access
    • 4.2.2. MIMO, Beamforming & Antenna Technologies
    • 4.2.3. Interference & Spectrum Management
    • 4.2.4. C-RAN, Virtualization & Other Technologies
  • 4.3. Global Outlook for 5G Infrastructure
    • 4.3.1. Segmentation by Submarket
    • 4.3.2. Distributed Macrocell Base Stations
    • 4.3.3. Small Cells
    • 4.3.4. RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)
    • 4.3.5. C-RAN BBUs (Baseband Units)
    • 4.3.6. Mobile Core
    • 4.3.7. Fronthaul & Backhaul Networking
    • 4.3.8. Segmentation by Region
  • 4.4. Global Outlook for 5G Operator Services
    • 4.4.1. Subscriptions
    • 4.4.2. Service Revenue
    • 4.4.3. Regional Segmentation
  • 4.5. Asia Pacific
    • 4.5.1. Infrastructure
    • 4.5.2. Subscriptions
    • 4.5.3. Service Revenue
  • 4.6. Eastern Europe
    • 4.6.1. Infrastructure
    • 4.6.2. Subscriptions
    • 4.6.3. Service Revenue
  • 4.7. Latin & Central America
    • 4.7.1. Infrastructure
    • 4.7.2. Subscriptions
    • 4.7.3. Service Revenue
  • 4.8. Middle East & Africa
    • 4.8.1. Infrastructure
    • 4.8.2. Subscriptions
    • 4.8.3. Service Revenue
  • 4.9. North America
    • 4.9.1. Infrastructure
    • 4.9.2. Subscriptions
    • 4.9.3. Service Revenue
  • 4.10. Western Europe
    • 4.10.1. Infrastructure
    • 4.10.2. Subscriptions
    • 4.10.3. Service Revenue

Chapter 5: Mobile Operator Commitments & 5G Spectrum Assessment

  • 5.1. Mobile Operator Commitments
    • 5.1.1. Japan, South Korea & Asia
    • 5.1.2. Europe
    • 5.1.3. North America
    • 5.1.4. Rest of the World
    • 5.1.5. Operator Case Studies
      • 5.1.5.1. NTT DoCoMo
      • 5.1.5.2. SK Telecom
  • 5.2. Spectrum Options for 5G
    • 5.2.1. Sub-1 GHz
    • 5.2.2. 1-6 GHz
      • 5.2.2.1. 3-4 GHz
      • 5.2.2.2. 5 GHz
    • 5.2.3. Above 6 GHz
      • 5.2.3.1. 15 GHz
      • 5.2.3.2. 24-30 GHz
      • 5.2.3.3. 30-60 GHz
      • 5.2.3.4. 60, 70 & 80 GHz
    • 5.2.4. Higher Bands

Chapter 6: 5G Standardization & Research Initiatives

  • 6.1. ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
    • 6.1.1. IMT-2020
    • 6.1.2. Spectrum Allocation
  • 6.2. 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
    • 6.2.1. Phased Standardization Approach
    • 6.2.2. R&D Efforts
  • 6.3. ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
    • 6.3.1. ISGs (Industry Specification Groups) for Enabling Technologies
  • 6.4. GSMA
    • 6.4.1. Defining 5G
    • 6.4.2. Spectrum Policy Position
  • 6.5. NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
    • 6.5.1. 5G Work Program
  • 6.6. 5G Americas
    • 6.6.1. 5G Advocacy Efforts
  • 6.7. WWRF (World Wireless Research Forum)
    • 6.7.1. New Working Groups for 5G
  • 6.8. IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
    • 6.8.1. 5G Advocacy Efforts
  • 6.9. Small Cell Forum
    • 6.9.1. Mapping 5G Requirements for Small Cells
  • 6.10. CableLabs
    • 6.10.1. Research on High Capacity Millimeter Wave Small Cells
  • 6.11. European Commission Initiatives
    • 6.11.1. 5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)
      • 6.11.1.1. 5G NORMA
      • 6.11.1.2. METIS-II
      • 6.11.1.3. mmMAGIC
      • 6.11.1.4. FANTASTIC-5G
      • 6.11.1.5. Flex5Gware
      • 6.11.1.6. 5G-XHaul
      • 6.11.1.7. 5G-Crosshaul
      • 6.11.1.8. Other Projects
    • 6.11.2. FP7 Projects
      • 6.11.2.1. METIS
      • 6.11.2.2. 5GNOW
      • 6.11.2.3. MiWEBA
      • 6.11.2.4. MiWaveS
      • 6.11.2.5. Other Projects
  • 6.12. National Initiatives
    • 6.12.1. South Korea
      • 6.12.1.1. 5G Forum
      • 6.12.1.2. ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications Research)
    • 6.12.2. Japan
      • 6.12.2.1. ARIB 20B AH (2020 and Beyond AdHoc)
      • 6.12.2.2. 5GMF (Fifth Generation Mobile Communications Promotion Forum)
    • 6.12.3. China
      • 6.12.3.1. IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group
      • 6.12.3.2. 863 Research Program
      • 6.12.3.3. Future Forum
    • 6.12.4. Taiwan
      • 6.12.4.1. TAICS (Taiwan Association of Information and Communication Standards)
    • 6.12.5. USA
      • 6.12.5.1. NSF (National Science Foundation)
      • 6.12.5.2. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
      • 6.12.5.3. FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
      • 6.12.5.4. ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
      • 6.12.5.5. TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
    • 6.12.6. UK
      • 6.12.6.1. Ofcom
    • 6.12.7. Russia
      • 6.12.7.1. 5GRUS
    • 6.12.8. Germany
      • 6.12.8.1. 5G:Haus
    • 6.12.9. Spain
      • 6.12.9.1. 5TONIC
    • 6.12.10. Finland
      • 6.12.10.1. 5GTNF (5G Test Network Finland)
  • 6.13. Academic Initiatives
    • 6.13.1. 5GIC (5G Innovation Center, University of Surrey)
    • 6.13.2. NYU WIRELESS (New York University)
    • 6.13.3. 5G Lab (TU Dresden)
    • 6.13.4. Viterbi School of Engineering (University of Southern California)
    • 6.13.5. Hiroshima University
    • 6.13.6. Tokyo Institute of Technology

Chapter 7: Vendor Demonstrations, Commitments & Strategies

  • 7.1. Cohere Technologies
    • 7.1.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.1.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.2. Cisco Systems
    • 7.2.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.2.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.3. Ericsson
    • 7.3.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.3.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.4. Fujitsu
    • 7.4.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.4.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.5. Google
    • 7.5.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.5.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.6. Huawei
    • 7.6.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.6.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.7. Intel Corporation
    • 7.7.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.7.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.8. InterDigital
    • 7.8.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.8.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.9. Keysight Technologies
    • 7.9.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.9.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.10. Kumu Networks
    • 7.10.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.10.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.11. Mitsubishi Electric
    • 7.11.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.11.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.12. NEC Corporation
    • 7.12.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.12.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.13. NI (National Instruments)
    • 7.13.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.13.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.14. Nokia
    • 7.14.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.14.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.15. Panasonic
    • 7.15.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.15.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.16. Qualcomm
    • 7.16.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.16.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.17. Rohde & Schwarz
    • 7.17.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.17.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.18. Samsung
    • 7.18.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.18.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.19. SiBEAM
    • 7.19.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.19.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
  • 7.20. ZTE
    • 7.20.1. 5G Strategy
    • 7.20.2. Demonstrations & Trial Commitments

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: 5G Requirements
  • Figure 2: Potential Waveform Options for 5G
  • Figure 3: D2D Communication Scenarios
  • Figure 4: LSA Concept
  • Figure 5: NFV Concept
  • Figure 6: C-RAN Architecture
  • Figure 7: Cloud RAN Concept
  • Figure 8: Global 5G R&D Investments: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
  • Figure 9: Global 5G R&D Investments by Technology: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
  • Figure 10: Global 5G R&D Investments on New Waveforms & Millimeter Wave Radio Access: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
  • Figure 11: Global 5G R&D Investments on MIMO, Beamforming & Antenna Technologies: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
  • Figure 12: Global 5G R&D Investments on Interference & Spectrum Management: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
  • Figure 13: Global 5G R&D Investments on C-RAN, Virtualization & Other Technologies: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
  • Figure 14: Global 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 15: Global 5G Infrastructure Investments by Submarket: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 16: Global 5G Distributed Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 17: Global 5G Distributed Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 18: Global 5G Small Cell Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 19: Global 5G Small Cell Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 20: Global 5G RRH Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 21: Global 5G RRH Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 22: Global 5G C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2020 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 23: Global 5G C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 24: Global 5G Mobile Core Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 25: Global 5G Fronthaul & Backhaul Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 26: 5G Infrastructure Investments by Region: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 27: Global 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 28: Global 5G Service Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 29: 5G Subscriptions by Region: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 30: 5G Service Revenue by Region: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 31: Asia Pacific 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 32: Asia Pacific 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 33: Asia Pacific 5G Service Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 34: Eastern Europe 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 35: Eastern Europe 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 36: Eastern Europe 5G Service Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 37: Latin & Central America 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 38: Latin & Central America 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 39: Latin & Central America 5G Service Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 40: Middle East & Africa 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 41: Middle East & Africa 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 42: Middle East & Africa 5G Service Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 43: North America 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 44: North America 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 45: North America 5G Service Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 46: Western Europe 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2020 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 47: Western Europe 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2030 (Millions)
  • Figure 48: Western Europe 5G Service Revenue: 2020 - 2030 ($ Billion)
  • Figure 49: NTT DoCoMo's 5G Roadmap
  • Figure 50: SK Telecom's Phased 5G Approach
  • Figure 51: BBU-RRH Functional Split Options for 5G C-RAN
  • Figure 52: Spectrum Bands for 5G
  • Figure 53: IMT-2020 Development Roadmap
  • Figure 54: 3GPP 5G Standardization Roadmap
  • Figure 55: NGMN 5G Work Program
  • Figure 56: 5G Networks & Service Vision
  • Figure 57: 5G PPP's Development Roadmap
  • Figure 58: ARIB's Vision of Radio Access Technologies for 5G
  • Figure 59: Japan 5G Implementation Roadmap
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