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CIGS(銅・インジウム・ガリウム・セレン)薄膜太陽電池技術の動向・市場予測

CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Technology Trend and Market Forecast (2009-2015F)

発行 SNE Research 商品コード 286338
出版日 ページ情報 英文 369 Pages
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CIGS(銅・インジウム・ガリウム・セレン)薄膜太陽電池技術の動向・市場予測 CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Technology Trend and Market Forecast (2009-2015F)
出版日: 2013年08月12日 ページ情報: 英文 369 Pages
概要

CIGS(銅・インジウム・ガリウム・セレン)太陽電池は、従来型の高価なc-Si(結晶シリコン)太陽電池に替わり、また太陽電池の経済的な実現可能性を向上させる、低価格、高効率の太陽電池として関心を集めています。CIGS薄膜太陽電池の生産量は、2015年に3GWを上回り、32億米ドル規模に達すると予測されています。

当レポートでは、CIGS薄膜太陽電池技術および市場動向に関する包括的な概要を提供しており、動作原理と反応機構、プロセス特有の課題、CZTS(銅・亜鉛・スズ・硫黄)太陽電池の開発動向、各国の調査機関・企業の動向、特許動向の分析、コンポーネント市場分析などを提供しており、概略以下の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 太陽電池のイントロダクション

第2章 CIGS太陽電池技術

  • CIGS太陽電池の構造・動作原理
  • CIGS太陽電池の反応機構
  • CIGS太陽電池の製造プロセス・装置技術
  • フレキシブルCIGS薄膜太陽電池技術
  • CIGS太陽電池の技術課題:製造工程別
  • CIGS薄膜成形方法の分類
  • CIGS太陽電池技術比較:メーカー別
  • CIGS太陽電池の高性能技術
  • CIGSのフィールドテスト結果
  • CIGS太陽電池のアプリケーション分野

第3章 CZTS(銅・亜鉛・スズ・硫黄)太陽電池(汎用元素を用いた低価格CISベースの太陽電池)、CIGSの代替技術

  • 汎用元素を用いた低価格CZTS太陽電池の開発の歴史
  • インフリーCIS PV吸収物質の排出コンセプト
  • CZTSの4つの材料に基づいたI2-II-IV-VI4半導体構造
  • CZTSベースの吸収レイヤー半導体材料の特徴
  • CZTS吸収レイヤーのプロセス
  • CZTS太陽電池研究機関の動向
  • R&D動向
  • CZTS太陽電池予測

第4章 CIGS薄膜太陽電池ターンキーソリューション

  • Centrotherm
  • Manz
  • Veeco

第5章 特許動向分析

  • 全体的な特許動向
  • 特許動向:地域別
  • 技術競合比較分析:国別

第6章 世界のR&D動向:研究センター別

  • 日本
  • 米国
  • ドイツ
  • スウェーデン
  • 韓国

第7章 世界の技術・ビジネス動向:メーカー別

  • 日本
  • ドイツ
  • スイス
  • 米国
  • 韓国

第8章 CIGS薄膜太陽電池市場予測

  • 世界のPV設置市場の状況
  • 世界の太陽電池市場予測
  • CIGS薄膜太陽電池市場の予測
  • 主なCIGSコンポーネント市場分析

第9章 インデックス

目次
Product Code: R115PV2013066

CIGS(CuInGaSe2) solar cells have drawn attention as low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells to replace existing expensive c-Si solar cells and improve economic feasibility of photovoltaics. Nevertheless, as Chinese companies expanded their manufacturing facilities drastically and many companies newly entered the industry, propelled by unwavering support of the Chinese government, the market was glutted, causing a drop in value across the value chain of silicon solar cells.

As a result, the price of CIGS modules exceeded that of c-Si, which is expected to last until the oversupply is relieved.

[Table 1. Comparison of c-Si and CIGS solar cell prices (2007~2013F)]
[Unit : USD/W]

Item200720082009201020112012
c-Si(wafer)3.823.912.411.801.200.75
CIGS(glass)3.453.482.341.721.101.02

As the erosion of the low-cost advantage of CIGS, some companies went bankruptcy or out of the business, and some were merged.

[Table 2. Current status of CIGS Companies
(2011.01 to 2013-Present)]

DivestureAcquiredBankruptcy
  • Wurth Solar
  • Hyundai Avancis
  • Solibro
  • Miasole
  • Ascent Solar
  • Daystar Tech.
  • Nuvosun
  • Odersun
  • PV-Flex
  • AQT Solar

Based on the current situation only, the CIGS market looks gloomy. Considering some plus factors, however, the market is expected to continue to post over 20% growth in the future.

The plus factors driving the growth can be predicted from the cases in other thin-film solar cells.

First, the use of CdTe solar cells is restricted in some countries due to the toxic substance, Cd. This can be an opportunity for CIGS that offers similar efficiency and prices.

Second, DSSC and OPV manufacturers have experienced delays in commercialization of their products. Although DSSCs and OPVs are inferior to CIGS solar cells in terms of performance, they can meet the demand from niche markets (mobile chargers, etc.) due to such advantages as transparency and flexibility. Nevertheless, commercialization of them has been delayed due to safety and reliability issues, which would serve as an opportunity for flexible CIGS solar cells.

Additionally, as the current oversupply of c-Si solar cells is relieved and the price gap between with CIGS solar cells would be narrowed, CIGS solar cells would be able to secure their price competitiveness again.

Based on the above analysis, the GIGS thin-film solar cell production is expected to exceed 3GW in 2015, reaching $3.2 billion.

[Figure 1. CIGS thin-film solar cell manufacturing capacity and
production forecast (2006~2015F)]

This report provides a comprehensive overview regarding CIGS thin-film solar cell technologies and market trends including:

  • Operation principles and reaction mechanism
  • Process-specific issues
  • CZTS solar cell development trend
  • Trend in research institutes and companies by country
  • Patent trend analysis
  • Component market analysis (sputtering/co-evaporation)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction of Solar Cell

  • 1.1. Vision of Photovoltaics
  • 1.2. Solar Cell Technology Overview by Type
    • 1.2.1. Crystalline Si Solar Cell
    • 1.2.2. Thin Film a-Si Solar Cell
    • 1.2.3. CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell
    • 1.2.4. CdTe Thin Film Solar Cell
    • 1.2.5. Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell
    • 1.2.6. Organic Solar Cell
  • 1.3. Efficiency Property Comparison by Thin Film Solar Cell
  • 1.4. Efficiency Development Trend by Thin Film Solar Cell

2. CIGS Solar Cell Technology

  • 2.1. CIGS Solar Cell Structure and Operating Principle
  • 2.2. CIGS Solar Cell Reaction Mechanism
    • 2.2.1. Metal-Se Binary Phase Equilibrium
      • 2.2.2.1. Cu-Se system
      • 2.2.2.2. In-Se system
      • 2.2.2.3. Ga-Se system
    • 2.2.2. Metal-metal Binary Phase Equilibrium
      • 2.2.2.1. Cu-In system
      • 2.2.2.2. Cu-Ga system
      • 2.2.2.3. Ga-In system
    • 2.2.3. Cu-In-Se Ternary Phase Equilibrium
    • 2.2.4. Cu-Ga-In Ternary Phase Equilibrium
    • 2.2.5. Cu-Ga-Se Ternary Phase Equilibrium
  • 2.3. IGS Solar Cell Manufacturing Process and Equipment Technology
    • 2.3.1. Crystalline Si Solar Cell and Comparison of Manufacturing Process
    • 2.3.2. Cell Manufacturing Technology
      • 2.3.2.1. Mo Rear Electrode Formation
      • 2.3.2.2. P1 Laser Patterning
      • 2.3.2.3. Absorber Layer(CIGS) by Co-Evaporation
      • 2.3.2.4. Absorber Layer(CIGS) by Sputtering & Selenization
      • 2.3.2.5. Absorber Layer (CIGS) by Non-Vacuum Process
      • 2.3.2.6. Buffer Layer(CdS) by Chemical Bath Deposition(CBD)
      • 2.3.2.7. Cd-free Buffer Layer
      • 2.3.2.8. P2/P3 Mechanical Patterning
      • 2.3.2.9. Window(ZnO/TCO) Sputtering
  • 2.4 Flexible CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Technology
    • 2.4.1. Flexible Thin Film Solar Cell Technology Issue
    • 2.4.2. Flexible CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Technology
  • 2.5. CIGS Solar Cell Technical Issue by Manufacturing Process
    • 2.5.1. CIGS Co-Evaporation
    • 2.5.2. Cu, In, Ga Sputtering + Se Evaporation + RTP
    • 2.5.3. Cu, In, Ga Sputtering + Selenization + Sulferization
    • 2.5.4. CIGS Deposition by R2R(Roll-to-Roll)
  • 2.6. Classification by CIGS Thin Film Forming Method
  • 2.7. CIGS Solar Cell Technology Comparison by Maker
  • 2.8. CIGS Solar Cell High Efficiency Technology
  • 2.9. CIGS Field Test Result
  • 2.10. CIGS Solar Cell Application Field

3. CZTS Solar Cell (Low-cost CIS based solar cell using general-purpose element), Alternative Technology of CIGS

  • 3.1. Development History of Low-cost CZTS Solar Cell Using General-Purpose Elements
  • 3.2. In-free CIS PV Absorbing Material Evacuation Concept
  • 3.3. CZTS Four Material-based I2-II-IV-VI4 Semiconductor Structure
  • 3.4. CZTS-based Absorber Layer Semi-conductor Material Properties
  • 3.5. CZTS Absorber Layer Process
    • 3.5.1. Vacuum
      • 3.5.1.1. Co-Evaporation
      • 3.5.1.2. Sputtering
    • 3.5.2. Non-Vacuum
      • 3.5.2.1. Electroplating
      • 3.5.2.2. Spray Pyrollysis
      • 3.5.2.3. Spin Coating
  • 3.6. Trend in CZTS Solar Cell Research Institutes
    • 3.6.1. CZTS Solar Cell from Prof. Katagiri, Nagaoka Science Technology University (2008)
    • 3.6.2. IBM CZTSSe Solar Cell (2012)
    • 3.6.3. Perdue University CZTSSe Solar Cell (2010)
    • 3.6.4. NREL CZTSe Solar Cell (2012)
  • 3.7. R&D Trend
    • 3.7.1. Overseas R&D Trend
    • 3.7.2. R&D Trend in Korea
    • 3.7.3. International Interest in CZTS Research
  • 3.8. CZTS Solar Cell Forecast

4. CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Turnkey Solution

  • 4.1. Centrotherm
    • 4.1.1. Turnkey Production Line Overview
    • 4.1.2. Solar Cell Structure and Process Technology
    • 4.1.3. Company Trend
  • 4.2. Manz
    • 4.2.1. Turnkey Production Line Overview
    • 4.2.2. Solar Cell Structure and Process Technology
    • 4.2.3. Company Trend
  • 4.3. Veeco
    • 4.3.1. Turnkey Production Line Overview
    • 4.3.2. Solar Cell Structure and Process Technology
    • 4.3.3. Company Trend

5. Patent Trend Analysis

  • 5.1. Overall Patent Trend
    • 5.1.1 Yearly Patent Trend
    • 5.1.2. Major Patent Applicant by Region
    • 5.1.3. Major Countries' Focus Area by Technology Field
    • 5.1.4. Nationality Distribution of Patent Applicant by Technology
    • 5.1.5. Patent Distribution by Specific Technology
  • 5.2 Patent Trend by Region
    • 5.2.1. Yearly Patent Trend in Korea
    • 5.2.2. Yearly Patent Trend in USA
    • 5.2.3. Yearly Patent Trend in Japan
    • 5.2.4. Yearly Patent Trend in Europe
  • 5.3 Technology Competition Comparison Analysis by Country
    • 5.3.1. Marketability Analysis
    • 5.3.2. Technical Skill Analysis

6. Global R&D Trend by Research Center

  • 6.1. Japan
    • 6.1.1. AIST(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)
    • 6.1.2. Aoyama Gakuin University
  • 6.2. USA
    • 6.2.1. NREL
    • 6.2.2. IEC, Univ. Delaware
    • 6.2.3. University of Florida
  • 6.3. Germany
    • 6.3.1. ZSW
    • 6.3.2. Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin f¨r Materialien und Energie(HZB)
    • 6.3.3. Hahn-Meitner-Institute (HMI) GmbH
  • 6.4. Sweden
    • 6.4.1. Uppsala University
  • 6.5. Korea
    • 6.5.1. ETRI(Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute)
    • 6.5.2. KAIST(Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology)
    • 6.5.3. KIER(Korea Institute of Energy Research)
    • 6.5.4. Yeungnam University

7. Global Technology and Business Trend by Maker

  • 7.1. Japan
    • 7.1.1. Solar Frontier
      • 7.1.1.1. Solar Cell Structure and Process Technology
    • 7.1.2. Honda Soltec
      • 7.1.2.1. Solar Cell Structure and Process Technology
      • 7.1.2.2. Product Features and Company Trend
  • 7.2. Germany
    • 7.2.1. Solibro
      • 7.2.1.1. Solar Cell Structure and Process Technology
      • 7.2.1.2. Product Features and Company Trend
    • 7.2.2. AVANCIS
      • 7.2.2.1. Solar Cell Structure and Process Technology
      • 7.2.2.2. Product Features and Company Trend
    • 7.2.3. Solarion
  • 7.3. Switzerland
    • 7.3.1. Flisom
  • 7.4. USA
    • 7.4.1. Global Solar
    • 7.4.2. Nano Solar
    • 7.4.3. Miasole
    • 7.4.4. Ascent Solar
    • 7.4.5. Solopower
    • 7.4.6. ISET(International Solar Electric Technology, Inc.)
    • 7.4.7. HelioVolt
    • 7.4.8. Stion
  • 7.5. Korea
    • 7.5.1. LG Innotek
    • 7.5.2. Daiyang Metal
    • 7.5.3. Samsung Electronics

8. CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Market Forecast (2006~2015)

  • 8.1. Global PV Installation Market Status
  • 8.2. Global Solar Cell Market Forecast (2009~2020)
  • 8.3. CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Market Forecast (2006~2015)
    • 8.3.1. Global CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Market Forecast (2006~2015)
    • 8.3.2. CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Market Forecast by Substrate (2006~2015F)
    • 8.3.3. CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Module Price Forecast (2006~2015)
    • 8.3.4. CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Revenue Forecast (2006~2015)
  • 8.4. Major CIGS Component Market Analysis (2006~2015)
    • 8.4.1. Major CIGS Component Market Analysis -Co-evaporation
    • 8.4.2. Major CIGS Component Market Analysis -Sputtering

9. Index

  • 9.1. Figure
  • 9.2. Table
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