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市場調査レポート

世界・地域別の二酸化炭素の回収・貯留(CCS)インフラ・装置

Global and Regional Markets for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Infrastructure and Equipment

発行 SBI Energy (aka Specialist In Business Information) 商品コード 279515
出版日 ページ情報 英文 268 Pages
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世界・地域別の二酸化炭素の回収・貯留(CCS)インフラ・装置 Global and Regional Markets for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Infrastructure and Equipment
出版日: 2013年08月29日 ページ情報: 英文 268 Pages
概要

世界における二酸化炭素の回収・貯留(CCS)インフラ導入に対する投資額は2013年に約6億5,000万米ドルを示し、2020年には24億米ドルを上回ると予測されています。しかし、本調査の予測期間最後の年にあたる2037年末まで、最も活発な市場(北米、欧州など)においてさえ、CCSが炭素排出量削減のベースラインより低い25%以上を示すことはないと予測されています。

当レポートでは、世界の二酸化炭素回収・貯留(CCS)市場について調査分析し、世界・地域別のCCS市場予測、CCS技術市場のレビュー、CCSインフラ投資のCAPEX総額と装置別の発注額、装置発注の累積額推計、CCSの促進因子、国別の動向、および主要企業のプロファイルなどを提供しており、概略以下の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 二酸化炭素の回収・貯留(CCS)の概要

  • イントロダクション
  • 二酸化炭素排出量および気候変動の緩和
  • 気候変動における二酸化炭素の影響
  • 炭素排出量を削減するための非CCS代替物
  • 持続可能な土地の利用
  • 保全
  • エネルギー効率
  • 再生可能エネルギーと原子力:炭素排出量ゼロ・ほとんどゼロに近いエネルギー
  • 化石燃料炭素強度の削減
  • 炭素隔離の代替物
  • CCS技術:開発・提案スキーム
  • 炭素貯留
  • 炭素輸送
  • 炭素回収
  • 燃焼後
  • 燃焼前
  • オキシ燃焼
  • 工業プロセス
  • 炭素排出資源・CSSの導入
  • 天然資源
  • 天然ガス加工
  • 発電(燃焼)
  • エタノール生産
  • 石油精製
  • ガス化
  • その他の産業
  • アンモニア
  • スチール
  • セメント
  • パルプ&製紙
  • 飲料
  • 結論

第3章 現在および将来のCCS市場

  • インフラ・設備
  • イントロダクション
  • 市場スコーピング
  • 資本支出・設備
  • 炭素の回収・貯留量
  • 市場セグメント
  • 調査手法
  • エネルギー・排出量予測・モデル
  • 政策開発・規制
  • 代替の排出量削減技術の役割と実行
  • 炭素市場
  • 世界のCCS市場
  • 地域のCCS市場調査
  • 北米
  • 欧州
  • アジア太平洋地域
  • ラテンアメリカ
  • 中東・アフリカ
  • 結論

第4章 CCSの促進因子:規制コンプライアンスおよび二酸化炭素

  • 商品アプリケーション
  • イントロダクション
  • 気候変動条約・緩和合意
  • 国連の気候変動枠組み条約とそれに続く合意
  • 排出量削減の部門・手段
  • 国家的・2次国家的な気候変動緩和ターゲット・目標
  • 米国
  • カナダ
  • ノルウェー
  • スイス
  • トルコ
  • ロシア
  • ウクライナ
  • 日本
  • オーストラリア
  • 韓国
  • 中国
  • インド
  • インドネシア
  • 台湾
  • タイ
  • メキシコ
  • ブラジル
  • 南アフリカ
  • 国際的・国家的CCS刺激策・支援策
  • UNFCC
  • 世界銀行
  • 欧州連合
  • EU加盟国
  • ノルウェー
  • ロシア
  • 米国
  • カナダ
  • 日本
  • オーストラリア
  • 韓国
  • 中国
  • インド
  • メキシコ
  • UAE
  • 南アフリカ
  • 売買品としての炭素
  • 炭素市場・排出量取引スキーム
  • 産業アプリケーションにおける炭素回収
  • 結論

第5章 企業プロファイル

目次
Product Code: SB5104636

Portrayed in the past five years as a pipe dream, technological savior and prudent investment to complement existing energy infrastructure, carbon capture and sequestration (CCS; also known as carbon capture and storage) is projected by SBI Energy as a complementary, sometimes marginal, technology in the global effort towards carbon dioxide emissions reduction. Representing approximately $(U.S.) 650 million in 2013 investment, global CCS infrastructure deployment is projected to intensify significantly to over $2.4 billion in 2020. Through the end of this report's scope (2037), CCS is not projected to represent more than 25% of carbon emissions reductions below baseline even in the most active markets (e.g., North America, Europe). Other regions such as Latin America and Asia-Pacific will rely on CCS for less than 5% of necessary carbon emissions reductions.

Carbon management is already a prime destination for energy and industrial sector investment dollars. Regulatory limits, taxation and price setting on carbon dioxide emissions as a greenhouse gas (GHG) pollutant has spurred industries worldwide to invest in emissions reduction technologies and practices. Improvements to energy efficiency, use of alternative lower- or non-emitting energy resources and economic transformation have largely produced the carbon emissions reductions in the past decade. However, these trends alone will be unable to achieve the global carbon emissions reductions necessary to avert catastrophic climate change. CCS is widely viewed as a technologically viable method for the significant mitigation of fossil fuel-associated carbon emissions worthy of additional development and future deployment.

This report provides extensive and detailed projections for global and regional CCS markets through 2037, as well as a review of the historical markets for CCS technology since 2008. Markets are valued by total capital expenditure (CAPEX) investment in CCS infrastructure and by equipment orders. Cumulative estimated equipment orders for the period of 2020-2037 are segmented by carbon post-combustion absorption and removal, compression, air separation (ASU), water-gas shift (WGS), and balance of plant (BoP) equipment. Market segmentation is provided by CCS phase (capture, transportation, storage), region, capture source (power/industry), client or project type (historical market only / merchant capture, enhanced oil recovery [EOR], CCS project) and capture method (post-combustion, pre-combustion, oxyfuel). Regional carbon capture capacities and sequestration rates are also provided in terms of million metric tonnes (MMT) annually. The relative contribution of CCS and other factors to carbon emissions reductions below baseline (or default emissions trajectories) are also provided through 2037.

What You'll Get in This Report

Global and Regional Markets for CCS Infrastructure and Equipment, 2008-2037 provides readers with extensive and detailed projections befitting of a still emerging technology market with undoubted applications in future markets burdened by crucial emissions targets. Readers can expect to find grounded, extensively researched and meticulously modeled market projections that reveal the most probable realities of future CCS deployment worldwide. Data provided in the report is supported by thorough author discussion of regional, regulatory, industry and technological factors shaping the market as well as informed overviews of important CCS projects and players. Additional support for the data comes in the form of contextual forecasts for regional carbon emissions and expected emissions reductions from falling economic energy intensity, greater generation from renewable and nuclear energy resources, and declining carbon intensity from fossil fuel generation.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Executive Summary

  • Introduction
  • CCS Technology - Development and Proposed Schemes
  • Figure: 1-1 Carbon Capture, Transportation and Sequestration Schematic
  • Carbon Capture
  • Carbon Emission Sources and CCS Deployment
  • Global CCS Market
  • Figure: 1-2 Global CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and Million Metric Tonnes [MMT]/year)
  • Figure: 1-3 Global CCS Cumulative CAPEX by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary - and Category - Capture, Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures)
  • Figure: 1-4 Global Cumulative Carbon Capture Capacity Additions by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary (2008-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 1-5 Global CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 1-6 Global CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 1-7 Global CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 1-8 Global Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source- Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 1-9 Global Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Category - Carbon Absorption and Removal, Compression, Air Separation Units (ASU), Water-Gas Shift (WGS) Reactors, and Balance of Plant (BoP) (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions)
  • Table: 1-1 Global Carbon Capture Capacity by Source-Technology -
  • Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 1-2 Global CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Climate Change Conventions and Mitigation Agreements
  • Table: 1-3 National and Other GHG Emissions Targets and Goals Worldwide
  • Table: 1-4 National and Other Incentives and Policy Support for CCS Worldwide
  • Carbon Markets and Emission Trading Schemes
  • Table: 1-5 Carbon Emissions Trading Schemes (ETS) and Cap-and-
  • Trade Systems Worldwide (Country or Other Political Unit, Start Year, Sector[s], Scheme Description, Price)
  • Conclusions

Chapter 2: Overview of Carbon Capture and Sequestration

  • Introduction
  • Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Climate Change Mitigation
  • Impact of Carbon Dioxide in Climate Change
  • Table: 2-1 Global Warming Potentials of GHGs (Lifetime and GWP in 20, 100, and 500 years)
  • Figure: 2-1 Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Gas (% of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent [CO2e] Metric Tonnes)
  • Non-CCS Alternatives to Reduced Carbon Emissions
  • Figure: 2-2 CCS and the Addressable Anthropogenic GHG Emissions Mitigation Market
  • Sustainable Land Usage
  • Conservation
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Figure: 2-3 Energy Intensity Equations
  • Figure: 2-4 Carbon Intensity Equations
  • Renewables and Nuclear - Zero- and Near Zero-Carbon Emissions Energy
  • Figure: 2-5 Zero- and Near Zero-Emissions Energy Factor Equation in the Determination of Carbon Intensity trends
  • Fossil Fuel Carbon Intensity Reduction
  • Figure: 2-6 Fossil Fuel Carbon Intensity Equations
  • Alternatives to Carbon Sequestration
  • CCS Technology - Development and Proposed Schemes
  • Carbon Sequestration (Storage)
  • Figure: 2-7 Carbon Dioxide EOR Schematic
  • Carbon Transportation
  • Figure: 2-8 Carbon Capture, Transportation and Sequestration Schematic
  • Carbon Capture
  • Post-Combustion
  • Figure: 2-9 Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Methods
  • Pre-Combustion
  • Oxyfuel-Combustion
  • Industrial Processes
  • Carbon Emission Sources and CCS Deployment
  • Natural Sources
  • Natural Gas Processing
  • Power Generation (Combustion)
  • Ethanol Production
  • Oil Refining
  • Gasification
  • Other Industries
  • Ammonia
  • Steel
  • Cement
  • Pulp & Paper
  • Beverage
  • Conclusion

Chapter 3: Contemporary and Future Markets for CCS

  • Infrastructure and Equipment
  • Introduction
  • Market Scoping
  • Capital Expenditures and Equipment
  • Carbon Capture and Storage Volumes
  • Market Segmentation
  • Methodology
  • Energy and Emissions Projections and Models
  • Policy Development and Regulation
  • Role of Alternative Emissions Reduction Technologies and Practices
  • Carbon Markets
  • Global CCS Market
  • Figure: 3-1 Global CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and Million Metric Tonnes [MMT]/year)
  • Figure: 3-2 Global CCS Cumulative CAPEX by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary - and Category - Capture, Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures)
  • Figure: 3-3 Global Cumulative Carbon Capture Capacity Additions by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary (2008-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-4 Global CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-5 Global CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-6 Global CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-7 Global Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source- Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-8 Global Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Absorption and Removal, Compression, Air Separation Units (ASU), Water-Gas Shift (WGS) Reactors, and Balance of Plant (BoP) (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions)
  • Table: 3-1 Global Carbon Capture Capacity by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-2 Global CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Regional Markets for CCS Explored
  • North America
  • Figure: 3-9 North American Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (millions of metric tonnes[MMT]year)
  • Table: 3-3 North American and U.S. Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-10 North American CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-11 North American CCS Cumulative CAPEX by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary - and Category - Capture, Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures)
  • Figure: 3-12 North American Cumulative Carbon Capture Capacity Additions by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary (2008-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-13 North American CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-14 North American Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (CCS, Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-4 North American Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-15 North American CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-16 North American CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-17 North American Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-18 North American Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Category - Carbon Absorption and Removal, Compression, ASUs, WGS Reactors, and BoP (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions)
  • Table: 3-5 North American Carbon Capture Capacity by Source- Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-6 North American CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Europe
  • Figure: 3-19 European and EU-27 Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-7 European and EU-27 Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-20 European CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-21 European CCS Cumulative CAPEX by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary - and Category - Capture, Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures)
  • Figure: 3-22 European Cumulative Carbon Capture Capacity Additions by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary (2008-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-23 European CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-24 European and EU-27 Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (CCS, Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-8 European and EU-27 Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-25 European CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-26 European CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-27 European Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-28 European Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Category - Carbon Absorption and Removal, Compression, ASUs, WGS Reactors, and BoP (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions) .. 97
  • Table: 3-9 European Carbon Capture Capacity by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-10 European CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Figure: 3-29 Asia-Pacific - Total, OECD (Developed) and Non-OECD - Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-11 Asia-Pacific - Total, OECD (Developed) and Non-OECD - Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-30 Asia-Pacific CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-31 Asia-Pacific CCS Cumulative CAPEX by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary - and Category - Capture, Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures)
  • Figure: 3-32 Asia-Pacific Cumulative Carbon Capture Capacity Additions by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary (2008-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-33 Asia-Pacific CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-34 Asia-Pacific - Total, OECD (Developed) and Non-OECD - Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (CCS, Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table 3-12 Asia-Pacific - Total, OECD (Developed) and Non-OECD - Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2030-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-35 Asia-Pacific CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-36 Asia-Pacific CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-37 Asia-Pacific Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-38 Asia-Pacific Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Category - Carbon Absorption and Removal, Compression, ASUs, WGS Reactors, and BoP (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions)
  • Table: 3-13 Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture Capacity by Source- Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-14 Asia-Pacific CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Latin America
  • Figure: 3-39 Latin American Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-15 Latin American Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-40 Latin American CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-41 Latin American CCS Cumulative CAPEX by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary - and Category - Capture, Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures)
  • Figure: 3-42 Latin American Cumulative Carbon Capture Capacity Additions by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary (2008- 2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-43 Latin American CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-44 Latin American Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (CCS, Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-16 Latin American Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-45 Latin American CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020- 2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-46 Latin American CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-47 Latin American Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-48 Latin American Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Category - Carbon Absorption and Removal, Compression, ASUs, WGS Reactors, and BoP (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions)
  • Table 3-17 Latin American Carbon Capture Capacity by Source- Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-18 Latin American CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Figure: 3-49 Middle Eastern and African Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-19 Middle Eastern and African Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-50 Middle Eastern and African CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-51 Middle Eastern and African CCS Cumulative CAPEX by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary - and Category - Capture, Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures)
  • Figure: 3-52 Middle Eastern and African Cumulative Carbon Capture Capacity Additions by Project Sector - Merchant, EOR, CCS-Primary (2008-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-53 Middle Eastern and African CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2008-2020) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-54 Middle Eastern and African Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (CCS, Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-20 Middle Eastern and African Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-55 Middle Eastern and African CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-56 Middle Eastern and African CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-57 Middle Eastern and African Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post- Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-58 Middle Eastern and African Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Category - Carbon Absorption and Removal, Compression, ASUs, WGS Reactors, and BoP (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions)
  • Table: 3-21 Middle Eastern and African Carbon Capture Capacity by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-22 Middle Eastern and African CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • Figure: 3-59 Russian & CIS Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-23 Russian & CIS Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2001-2020) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-60 Russian & CIS Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (CCS, Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-24 Russian & CIS Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Emission Reductions by Carbon Intensity Factor (Energy Intensity, Renewable/Nuclear Primary Energy Share, Fossil Fuel Emissions Rate) (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-61 Russian & CIS CCS CAPEX - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage - and Annual Capture Capacity Added (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions of Total Overnight Capital Expenditures and MMT/year)
  • Figure: 3-62 Russian & CIS CCS Equipment Market - Capture, Pipeline Transportation, Storage (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-63 Russian & CIS Cumulative Capture Equipment Market by Source-Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture (2020-2037) ($U.S. millions)
  • Figure: 3-64 Russian & CIS Capture Facility Equipment Market by Equipment Category - Carbon Absorption and Removal Compression, ASUs, WGS Reactors, and BoP (2020-2037; cumulative) ($U.S. millions)
  • Table: 3-25 Russian & CIS Carbon Capture Capacity by Source- Technology - Post-Combustion Coal, Post-Combustion Gas, IGCC, Oxyfuel, Industrial Capture - and Carbon Sequestration Rate (2020-2037) (MMT/year)
  • Table: 3-26 Russian & CIS CCS CAPEX and Equipment Market - Capture, Transportation and Storage (2008-2037) ($U.S. millions) . 142
  • Conclusion

Chapter 4: CCS Drivers - Regulatory Compliance and Carbon

  • Commodity Applications
  • Introduction
  • Climate Change Conventions and Mitigation Agreements
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Succeeding Agreements
  • Table: 4-1 List of Annex I Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Reported Carbon Emissions (million metric tonnes
  • [MMT]year; 1990/2000/2005/2010)
  • Table: 4-2 Reported Annex I Total GHG Emissions (with and without LULUCF) and Total CO2 Emissions (with and without LULUCF) (MMT; 1990/2008-2010)
  • Table: 4-3 Copenhagen Accord 2020 GHG Emissions Reduction Pledges by Country (base year or baseline and percentage reduction)
  • Table: 4-4 Doha Amendment 2020 GHG Emissions Reduction Targets by Country (base year and reduction percentage) European Union Emissions Reduction Agreements
  • Table: 4-5 First European Climate Change Programme (ECCP; 2000-2004) Working Groups - Relevant Policy
  • Sectors and Instruments for Emissions Reductions
  • Table: 4-6 Second European Climate Change Programme
  • (ECCP; 2005-2008) Working Groups - Relevant Policy Sectors and Instruments for Emissions Reductions
  • National and Sub-National Climate Change Mitigation Targets and Goals
  • Table: 4-7 National and Other GHG Emissions Targets and Goals Worldwide
  • United States
  • Table: 4-8 U.S. Federal Climate Change Legislation (2003-2009)
  • California
  • Table: 4-9 California Climate Change Legislation (1988-2013)
  • Canada
  • Table: 4-10 Canada GHG Emissions by Province and Territory (CO2e MMT/year) (1990-2010)
  • Table: 4-11 Canada GHG Emissions Reduction Targets for 2020 by Province and Territory (% or Amount, Base Year, Projected Emissions with Compliance in CO2e, MMT/year)
  • Norway
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Japan
  • Australia
  • Korea
  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Mexico
  • Brazil
  • South Africa
  • International and National CCS Incentives and Support
  • Table: 4-12 National and Other Incentives and Policy Support for CCS Worldwide
  • UNFCCC
  • World Bank
  • European Union
  • EU Member Countries
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • United States
  • Table: 4-13 U.S. State CCS-Relevant Incentives and Regulation
  • Canada
  • Japan
  • Australia
  • Korea
  • China
  • India
  • Mexico
  • United Arab Emirates
  • South Africa
  • Carbon as a Commodity
  • Carbon Markets and Emission Trading Schemes
  • Table: 4-14 Carbon Emissions Trading Schemes (ETS) and Cap-and-Trade Systems Worldwide (Country or Other Political Unit, Start Year, Sector[s], Scheme Description, Price) Captured Carbon in Enhanced Oil Recovery
  • Figure: 4-1 Carbon Dioxide Prices in the U.S. EOR Market, Historical
  • and Projected (1984-2037) ($/metric tonne)
  • Captured Carbon in Industrial Applications
  • Conclusion

Chapter 5: Company Profiles

  • Introduction
  • Aker Clean Carbon
  • Table: 5-1 Aker Clean Carbon AS
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Outlook
  • ALSTOM Carbon Capture
  • Table: 5-2 ALSTOM Carbon Capture GmbH Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Table: 5-3 ALSTOM Carbon Capture Project Participation
  • Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Outlook
  • Cansolv
  • Table: 5-4 Cansolv Technologies, Inc. Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Outlook
  • Fluor
  • Table: 5-5 Fluor Corporation Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Performance
  • Figure: 5-1 Fluor Corporation Revenue by Segment ($ millions) (2008-2012)
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Outlook
  • Hitachi
  • Table: 5-6 Hitachi, Ltd. Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Performance
  • Figure: 5-2 Hitachi Ltd. Revenue by Segment (¥ billions) (2008-2012)
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Outlook
  • Linde
  • Table: 5-7 Linde AG Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Performance
  • Figure: 5-3 Linde Group Revenue by Division (€ millions) (2008-2012)
  • Figure: 5-4 Linde Engineering Division Revenue by Plant Type (€ millions) (2008-2012)
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Table: 5-8 Linde Carbon Capture and CCS Project Participation
  • Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Outlook
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  • Table: 5-9 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Table: 5-10 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. CCS Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Performance
  • Figure: 5-5 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Revenue by Segment (¥ billions) (FY 2008-FY 2012)
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Table : 5-11 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Carbon Capture and CCS Project Participation
  • Outlook
  • Schlumberger
  • Table: 5-12 Schlumberger Ltd. Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Performance
  • Figure: 5-6 Schlumberger Revenue by Group ($ millions) (2008-2012)
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Table: 5-13 Schlumberger Carbon Sequestration Project Participation
  • Outlook
  • Siemens
  • Table: 5-14 Siemens AG Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Table: 5-15 Siemens CCS Technology and Product Portfolio Performance
  • Figure: 5-7 Siemens Revenue (€ billions) (2008-2012)
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Table: 5-16 Siemens CCS Project Participation
  • Outlook
  • UOP
  • Table: 5-17 UOP LLC Profile
  • Corporate Background
  • Product and Technology Portfolio
  • Performance
  • Company News
  • Projects
  • Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Outlook
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