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市場調査レポート

世界のレアアース元素市場

Rare Earth Elements Markets Worldwide

発行 SBI Energy (aka Specialist In Business Information) 商品コード 200275
出版日 ページ情報 英文 172 Pages
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世界のレアアース元素市場 Rare Earth Elements Markets Worldwide
出版日: 2011年06月01日 ページ情報: 英文 172 Pages
概要

その名前に反し、レアアースはそれほどレア(珍しい)ものではありません。世界中に豊富にあり、錫よりも一般的で銅とほぼ同じ程度の資源です。米国が1985年まで世界のREEの最大産出国でしたが、現在は中国が主要な供給元となっています。中国は世界のレアアースの97%を算出しています。この1国からしか入手できないことが、供給や出荷制限、禁輸、環境問題、価格高騰などの問題を生んでいます。

当レポートでは、レアアース元素(REE)の生産、需要、市場、発展、応用、動向などを詳細に分析し、軽量化、強度、効率化、使いやすさなどのための様々な技術開発による応用動向をまとめ、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 市場の定義

  • 範囲
  • レアアース元素
    • レアアース元素の歴史
    • レアアース元素:それほど珍しくない
    • レアアース元素の生産
  • 主なREE埋蔵物
  • レアアース元素の用途
  • レアアース元素の加工
  • サマリー

第3章 市場規模と成長

  • 範囲
  • 市場の不安定さ
  • 市場規模
  • レアアースの輸出入
  • レアアース成長因子
    • 技術
    • 中国の需要
    • 防衛システム
    • 日本の需要
    • リサイクル
  • レアアースの成長を阻害する因子
    • 開発費用
    • 環境問題
    • 専門性の不足
    • レアアース元素ミクス
    • 場所
    • レアアースの価格
    • 代用材料
    • 戦略的備蓄
    • 天災
  • 2011〜2020年の市場の成長
  • サマリー

第4章 新興の発展

  • 範囲
  • 新規レアアースの探査と開発
    • グリーンランド
    • カナダ
    • アフリカ
    • 南アフリカ
    • オーストラリア
    • ロシア・中央アジア
    • 米国
    • その他
  • 鉱床開発段階
  • 業界統合されたレアアースのサプライチェーン
  • レアアースの代替物
  • 磁気冷凍
  • 国土防衛
  • 政府の活動
  • 環境問題の最小化
  • サマリー

第5章 競合プロファイル

  • 範囲
  • Molycorp, Inc
  • Lynas Corporation Ltd
  • Great Western Minerals Group Ltd
  • Arafura Resources Ltd
  • Avalon Rare Metals Inc
  • Greenland Minerals and Energy Ltd
  • Frontier Rare Earths Ltd
  • U.S Rare Earth, Inc
  • Stans Energy Corporation
目次
Product Code: SB6066525

This research report presents an in-depth analysis of the production, market, development, applications, and trends for rare earth elements (REE). The 17 different rare earth elements are used extensively in a wide variety of applications to make technologies lighter, stronger, more efficient, and easier to use. Product applications run the gamut from the very technical to the mundane. For example, REEs are used to make super strong permanent magnets that increase the efficiency of wind generators while significantly reducing their weight. They are used extensively in electric vehicles to increase battery capacity and reduce weight (and they are also essential in producing catalytic converters for gasoline powered automobiles). REEs are used in medicine for small, portable X-ray devices as well as lasers that can treat glaucoma and other conditions. In some instances REE directly treat some forms of cancer. They make the phosphors that give color to television sets and LED lighting as well as flints for cigarette lighters. These are but a few of the many current uses of rare earth elements and new applications are being developed on a routine basis, such as for the treatment of water and for magnetic refrigeration.

Contrary to their name, rare earth elements are no so rare. They are found in abundance worldwide and are more common than tin in some cases and almost as abundant as copper. All rare earth elements are far more abundant that silver or gold. However, to date only a relatively few deposits have been found with sufficient REE concentrations to make mining them economical. The United States produced most of the world' s REE up until about 1985, at which time China began to become a major supplier. Today, China produces about 97% of the world' s rare earths. Problems stemming from this (virtually) single source include supply constraints, reduced shipments and outright embargos, environmental problems, and rising prices. Since the 1950' s there was very little exploration for new REE sources (except in China) but many countries and mine operators are now actively seeking new REE deposits and developing existing ones.

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of rare earth element production, demand, applications, and economic and cost considerations that have limited production and exploration for new sources, their growth over the past several years, potential opportunities for additional growth, and an assessment of developing technologies, alternatives, and market trends. Projected REE growth through 2020 is provided including discussion of economic conditions, environmental impacts, business demand, stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates. The report also profiles producers of rare earths and the strategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.

How You Will Benefit from this Report

If you drive a car, invest in energy (alternative or otherwise), design electronic systems, work in healthcare, manufacture lighting systems, play sports, or analyze satellite photography you are affected by rare earth elements. Their use in myriad everyday products affects virtually everyone to one degree or another. The quest for alternative energy systems, particularly wind generation systems and battery storage, are highly dependent upon the use REEs. Space technology, defense systems, computer memory, DVD players, and other advanced electronics are also reliant on REEs. Whether you are a manufacturer trying to plan future production requirements, an electric utility or independent power generator planning for the use of alternative energy and the Smart Grid, an importer, exporter, or retailer of consumer electronics, or a small business that could be impacted by the supply and use of rare earth elements, this report provides a comprehensive package of information and insight about rare earth element production, supply, and future growth that are not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of why rare earths are necessary, what technologies are most affected by their use, and how to make sense of a market dominated by a single source but looking to diversify at a breathtaking rate. You will also gain a thorough understanding of technology trends, particularly as they apply to alternatives to REE. Projected rare earth market growth through 2020 is also presented.

This report will help:

  • Research and Development Professionals remain abreast of emerging REE concerns, exploration initiatives, product applications, and the demand and development of REE alternatives.
  • Manufacturing production planners, alternative energy producers, and users of REEs understand where the REE market is headed, potential supply problems, political and geo-regional issues, and anticipated future REE costs. This report will provide an awareness of the REE market to help users react effectively to projected future market conditions by seeking alternative REE sources, modifying production processes and product composition, and projecting future requirements.
  • Advertising Agencies working with clients who manufacture products with REE, import or export products containing REE, or sell products using REEs to more effectively promote, inform, and market such products when faced with limited REE supplies and rising costs.
  • Retailers who sell consumer electronics, computer systems, sporting equipment, and other durable goods understand the potential effects on consumer demand should REE supply become problematic or if prices continue to increase.
  • Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.
  • Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for products made with REEs.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Executive Summary

  • Scope
  • Research Methodology
  • The Rare Earth Elements
    • Figure 1-1: The Period Table and the Elements
    • Table 1-2: Light and Heavy Rare Earth Elements
  • Global REE Deposits
    • Figure 1-3: World Rare Earth Element Reserves by Country
  • Rare Earth Element Applications
  • The Rare Earth Market Today
    • Table 1-4: Rare Earth Element Energy Applications
    • Figure 1-5: Rare Earth Prices - Selected Light Rare Earth Elements (LREE), August 2010-February 2011 ($/kg - REO equivalent)
    • Figure 1-6: Rare Earth Prices - REEs Used in Neodymium-Iron-Boron Magnets February 2009-February 2011 ($/kg - REO equivalent)
    • Figure 1-7: Chinese Rare Earth Quotas and Price Effects Metric Tons of REE, $/kg REO Equivalents (2005-2010)
  • Market Demand
    • Figure 1-8: Rare Earth Market Size, 2005-20010 ($ billions)
    • Figure 1-9: Rare Earth Uses, 2010
    • Figure 1-10: Rare Earth Demand, 2011-2020
    • Figure 1-11: Rare Earth Production, 1956-2008
  • Market Supply
    • Table 1-1: Potential Non-China Rare Earth Operations, 2011-2020
    • Figure 1-12: Non-China Rare Earth Production, 2011-2020
    • Figure 1-13: Rare Earth Element Production, 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons)
  • Market Size
    • Figure 1-14: Rare Earth Market and Global Rare Earth Production, 2011-2020 ($ billions, thousands of metric tons)
  • Market Considerations
  • Rare Earth Growth Factors
  • Rare Earth Growth Inhibitors
  • Summary

Chapter 2 - Market Definition

  • Scope
  • Rare Earth Elements
    • Figure 2-1: The Period Table and the Rare Earth Elements
    • Rare Earth Element History
    • Rare Earth Elements - Not So Rare
    • Figure 2-2: Abundance of Rare Earth Elements in the Earth' s Crust
    • Figure 2-3: Rare Earth Element Occurrence in the Earth' s Crust (parts per million - ppm)
    • Rare Earth Element Production
    • Figure 2-4: Global Production of Rare Earth Oxides
    • Table 2-1: REE Mine Production and Known Reserves by Country, 2009-2010 (tons)
    • Principal REE Deposits
    • Figure 2-5: World Rare Earth Element Reserves by Country
    • Rare Earth-Bearing Minerals
    • Table 2-3: Rare Earth Element Concentration in Mineral Sources Principal Mine Locations (percent)
    • Principal REE Deposits - China
    • Figure 2-6: Rare Earth Mines - China
    • Principal REE Deposits - United States
    • Table 2-4: Principal Rare Earth Deposits, United States
    • Figure 2-7: Principal Rare Earth Deposits, United States
    • Principal REE Deposits - Russia
    • Table 2-5: Principal Rare Earth Deposits, Other Countries
    • Principal REE Deposits - India
    • Principal REE Deposits - Other Countries
    • Common Properties of Rare Earth Elements
    • Light and Heavy Rare Earth Elements
    • Table 2-6: Rare Earth Element Properties
    • Table 2-7: Light and Heavy Rare Earth Elements
  • Rare Earth Element Applications
    • Table 2-8: Selected Rare Earth Element Applications
    • Rare Earth Applications in Alternative Energy Systems
    • Table 2-9: Rare Earth Element Use in Alternative Energy Systems
  • Rare Earth Element Processing
    • Figure 2-8: Rare Earth Mining Process
  • Summary

Chapter 3 - Market Size and Growth

  • Scope
  • Market Volatility
    • Figure 3-1: Rare Earth Prices - Selected Minerals, 2005-2009 ($/kg REO equivalent)
    • Chinese Rare Earth Quotas
    • Figure 3-2: Chinese Rare Earth Quotas and Price Effects Metric Tons of REE, $/kg REO Equivalents, (2005-2010)
    • China-Japan Tensions
    • Soaring Rare Earth Prices
    • Figure 3-3: Rare Earth Prices - Selected Light Rare Earth Elements (LREE), 2005-2010 ($/kg - REO equivalent)
    • Figure 3-4: Rare Earth Prices - Selected Heavy Rare Earth Elements (HREE), 2005-2010 ($/kg - REO equivalents)
  • Market Size
    • Figure 3-5: Rare Earth Production, 2005-2010 (metric tons)
    • Figure 3-6: Rare Earth Market Size, 2005-2010 ($ billions)
    • Market Demand
    • Figure 3-7: Rare Earth Demand, 2005-2010 (metric tons)
    • Figure 3-8: REE Usage by Country, 2008 (% of REE use by category within a country)
    • Figure 3-9: REE Usage by Category2008 (% of REEs used by countries within a category)
  • Rare Earth Exports/Imports
    • Figure 3-10: Rare Earth Imports - United States and Japan, 2005-2010 (metric tons Rare Earth Oxide-equivalent)
    • Figure 3-11: Rare Earth Exports - United states and Japan, 2005-2010 (metric tons Rare Earth Oxide-equivalent)
  • Rare Earth Growth Factors
    • Figure 3-12: Rare Earth Uses, 2010
    • Technology
    • Figure 3-13: Magnet Strengths, (MGO)
    • Chinese Demand
    • Defense Systems
    • Japanese Demand
    • Recycling
  • Factors Inhibiting Rare Earth Growth
    • Development Costs
    • Environmental Issues
    • Lack of Expertise
    • Rare Earth Element Mix
    • Table 3-1: Selected Heavy Rare Earth Element (HREE) Sources
    • Location
    • Rare Earth Prices
    • Substitute Materials
    • Strategic Reserves
    • Acts of God
  • Market Growth 2011 to 2020
    • Rare Earth Element Demand
    • Figure 3-14: Light Rare Earth Demand, 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons)
    • Figure 3-15: Heavy Rare Earth Demand, 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons)
    • Rare Earth Magnets - The Dysprosium Problem
    • Figure 3-16: Dysprosium Demand vs Production, 2011 - 2020 (metric tons)
    • Rare Earth Element Production
    • Figure 3-17: Rare Earth Element Production, 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons)
  • Market Size
    • Figure 3-18: Global Rare Earth Production (less China), 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons)
    • Figure 3-19: Rare Earth Market and Global Rare Earth Production, 2011-2020 ($ billions, thousands of metric tons)
  • Summary

Chapter 4 - Emerging Rare Earth Developments

  • Scope
  • New Rare Earth Exploration and Development
    • Greenland
    • Table 4-1: Kvanefjeld, Greenland Rare Earth Element Concentrations
    • Canada
    • Table 4-2: Hoidas Lake and Nechalacho Rare Earth Deposits, Canada
    • Africa
    • South Africa
    • Australia
    • Russia and Central Asia
    • United States
    • Other Countries
  • Mine Development Phases
  • Vertically Integrated Rare Earth Supply Chains
    • Table 4-3: Level of Development - Selected Potential Rare Earth Mines
  • Rare Earth Alternatives
    • Magnets
    • Electric Vehicles
    • Japan
  • Magnetic Refrigeration
  • National Defense Considerations
    • Table 4-4: Rare Earth Uses in Military Defense Systems
  • Government Activities
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • South Africa
    • European Union
    • United States
  • Minimizing Environmental Concerns
    • Radioactive Wastes
    • More Efficient Extraction Methods
  • Summary

Chapter 5 - Competitive Profiles

  • Scope
  • Molycorp, Inc.
    • Agreements and Partnerships
    • Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-1: Molycorp Company Information
    • Products
    • Significant Events
  • Lynas Corporation Ltd.
    • Agreements and Partnerships
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-2: Lynas Company Information
    • Significant Events
  • Great Western Minerals Group Ltd.
    • Agreements and Partnerships
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-3: Great Western Company Information
  • Arafura Resources Ltd.
    • Agreements and Partnerships
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-4: Arafura Company Information
    • Significant Events
  • Avalon Rare Metals Inc.
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-5: Avalon Company Information
    • Significant Events
  • Greenland Minerals and Energy Ltd.
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-6: Greenland Minerals and Energy Company Information
  • Frontier Rare Earths Ltd.
    • Prospecting Right
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-7: Frontier Company Information
  • U.S Rare Earths, Inc.
    • Mine Development
    • Table 5-8: Rare Earth Resource Estimates - Diamond Creek & Lemhi Pass, (Metric Tons - Rare Earth Oxide)
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-9: U.S. Rare Earths Company Information
    • Special Events
  • Stans Energy Corporation
    • Agreements and Partnerships
    • Mine Development
    • Company Performance
    • Table 5-10: Stans Energy Company Information
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