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金属チタンの世界市場:2030年までの展望、第10版

Titanium Metal: Outlook to 2030, 10th Edition

出版日: | 発行: Roskill Information Services | ページ情報: 英文 | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

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金属チタンの世界市場:2030年までの展望、第10版
出版日: 2020年07月27日
発行: Roskill Information Services
ページ情報: 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
担当者のコメント
Roskill Information Servicesより「金属チタンの世界市場:2030年までの展望、第10版」が発行されました。  当レポートは、世界の金属チタン市場を調査したもので、サプライチェーンの流れ、世界的な生産と消費の状況、生産コスト、国際的な取引、今後の展望、生産国と企業のプロファイル、消費動向などの情報を提供しています。オンラインデモで実際のデータベースをご覧いただけます。
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

世界の金属チタン業界は長期的な成長傾向にあり、2014年から2019年にかけてはサプライチェーン全体で生産量と貿易の増加が見られました。原料の輸出は2019年に大幅に増加し、国際的なスポンジチタンの出荷量は約20%増加し、チタンスクラップの輸出量は14%増加しており、チタンミル製品の輸出量も、2014年以降年平均6.2%のペースで増え続け、2019年にはほぼ10万7,000トンに達しています。

チタン需要の約半分は航空宇宙関連の用途分野からのものであり、2010年から2019年までの航空輸送の持続的な成長は、商用旅客機の生産水準の増加を下支えしてきました。しかし、2020年第1四半期に新型コロナウイルス感染症(COVID-19)パンデミックの発生により状況は急激に変化し、現在、民間航空業界と航空宇宙業界は前例のない混乱と不確実性の時代に直面しています。世界中の多くの航空会社は空の旅の減少の結果として重大な財政的課題に直面しており、利益の減少は航空機の注文に影響を及ぼし、ひいてはチタン合金などの材料の需要にも影響が及ぶはずです。

金属チタンのサプライチェーンは地理的に集中しています。スポンジチタンの生産は、ロシア、日本、カザフスタン、中国、アメリカ、ウクライナ、インド、サウジアラビアに限定されていますが、ロシア、日本、中国だけで世界の生産量の4分の3以上を占めています。チタンのスラブとインゴットの生産も同様に集中しており、2019年の時点で溶解設備のおよそ90%が中国、米国、ロシア、日本に集中しています。地理的な分布に偏りがあり、参入企業も少ない背景には、軍事および航空用途におけるチタンの歴史、ならびにその生産に関連する技術的課題、参入への高い障壁の存在などの要因があります。

金属チタンは、米国の統合打撃戦闘機F-35などの軍事プログラムで必要とされる戦略的な原料であり、米国の経済と国家安全保障にとって重要と思われる鉱物のリストにも含まれています。2019年には、米国商務省がチタンスポンジの輸入によってもたらされる国家安全保障への潜在的なリスクを調査しており、トランプ大統領は、チタンスポンジへのアクセスを増やし、国産の防衛要件を満たすために国内生産をサポートするための措置を講じるよう米国国防長官に指示しました。

現在、チタン金属の大部分は、スポンジとスクラップを溶かしてスラブとインゴットを製造する伝統的な製造技術を使用して製造されており、スラブとインゴットはさまざまなミル製品の形態に加工され、次に切断されてコンポーネントに機械加工されます。ただし、積層造形の分野における継続的な進歩により、粉末またはワイヤーの原料から複雑なネットシェイプコンポーネントを直接製造することへの関心が高まり、部品製造時の材料損失を大幅に削減できる可能性があります。

当レポートは、世界の金属チタン市場を調査したもので、サプライチェーンの流れ、世界的な生産と消費の状況、生産コスト、国際的な取引、今後の展望、生産国と企業のプロファイル、消費動向などの情報を提供しています。

目次

  • 1.エグゼクティブサマリー
  • 2.チタンのフローチャート
  • 3.金属チタンのサプライチェーン
  • 4.フェロチタンのサプライチェーン
  • 5.チタン粉末のサプライチェーン
  • 6.背景
  • 7.持続可能性
  • 8.生産国のプロファイル
  • 9.最終用途
  • 10. 企業プロファイル
図表

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Unit values of USA and Russian exports of titanium ingots and slabs, 2013-2020
  • Table 2: Outlook for titanium mill product demand, 2019-2030
  • Table 3: Forecast titanium prices by product, 2019-2030
  • Table 4: World: Titanium sponge production capacity, 2020
  • Table 5: World: Production of titanium sponge by country and company, 2013-2020
  • Table 6: Exports of titanium sponge by country or region of destination, 2019
  • Table 7: Exports of titanium sponge, 2013--2019
  • Table 8: USA: Imports of titanium sponge by country and source, 2013-2019
  • Table 9: China: Imports of titanium sponge by country and source, 2013-2019
  • Table 10: USA year-end titanium sponge prices, 1980-2019
  • Table 11: Quarterly values of US titanium sponge imports from Japan, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Table 12: Quarterly prices of Chinese domestic titanium sponge (99.7% Ti), Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Table 13: Yearly average for probabilistic titanium sponge price forecast, 2019-2030
  • Table 14: Imports of titanium waste and scrap by country of origin, 2019
  • Table 15: USA: Year-end unprocessed titanium scrap prices, 1993-Q12019
  • Table 16: Yearly average for probabilistic titanium scrap price forecast, 2019-2030
  • Table 17: World: Locations and estimated capacities of titanium melting companies by plant and technology, 2020
  • Table 18: World: Production of titanium melted products by company and country 2013-2020
  • Table 19: Exports of selected exporters of titanium melted products by destination, 2019
  • Table 20: Exports of titanium melted products by selected countries, 2013-2019
  • Table 21: Imports of melted product by country, 2013-2019
  • Table 22: Unit values of USA and Russian exports of titanium ingots and slabs, 2013-2020
  • Table 23: China: Prices of titanium ingot, 2011-2014
  • Table 24: Yearly average for probabilistic titanium ingot price forecast, 2019-2030
  • Table 25: Titanium mill product producers, 2020
  • Table 26: World: Production of titanium mill products by main country/region, 2013-2020
  • Table 27: USA: Producer shipments of titanium mill products by type, 2011-2018
  • Table 28: China: Production of titanium mill products by type, 2005-2018
  • Table 29: Japan: Production of mill products by type, 2003-2018
  • Table 30: Exports of titanium mill products by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 31: Exports of mill products by type, 2013-2019
  • Table 32: Imports of titanium mill products by major importing countries, 2013-2019
  • Table 33: Average unit values for international trade in titanium mill products, 2013-2020
  • Table 34: Economic comparison of materials for petrochemical heat exchanger tubing
  • Table 35: Grades of ferrotitanium produced by MidUral, composition
  • Table 36: World: Production capacity for main ferrotitanium companies, 2019
  • Table 37: Exports of ferrotitanium, 2013-2019
  • Table 38: Imports of ferrotitanium, 2013-2019
  • Table 39: Quarterly European 70% Ti ferrotitanium prices, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Table 40: Outlook for titanium in steel and other alloys, 2019-2030
  • Table 41: Yearly average for probabilistic titanium scrap forecast and predicted implications for ferrotitanium prices, 2019-2030
  • Table 42: World: Titanium powder production capacity by company and powder type, 2020
  • Table 43: Key features of different spherical titanium powder-making methods
  • Table 44: Forecast production of titanium powders by type, 2020-2030
  • Table 45: Titanium: Comparison of properties with other metals
  • Table 46: World: Natural rutile capacity by country and company, 2020
  • Table 47: Grades of titanium sponge in the FSU and China
  • Table 48: Grades of titanium sponge produced by Osaka Titanium Technologies
  • Table 49: ASTM and UNS grades of titanium alloy
  • Table 50: Commercial titanium alloys classified by major use
  • Table 51: Comparison of yield strengths of selected CP titanium and titanium alloys
  • Table 52: Typical markets for titanium alloy types
  • Table 53: TIMET: Widely used titanium alloys
  • Table 54: Selected titanium alloys, the companies that introduced them and main uses
  • Table 55: Titanium metal: Composition of commercially pure grades
  • Table 56: Typical tensile properties of commercially pure (CP) grades of titanium metal
  • Table 57: s alloys: Selected commercial products
  • Table 58: Titanium aluminides: Comparison of properties with competing materials
  • Table 59: Titanium aluminides and alloys: Comparison of processing technology
  • Table 60: Titanium alloy coatings: Properties and characteristics of various products
  • Table 61: Honeycomb structures: Properties of metals and alloys used in foils
  • Table 62: Superplastic forming: Properties of titanium alloys used in SPF
  • Table 63: Comparison of titanium powder production methods
  • Table 64: Comparison of titanium powder properties by method
  • Table 65: Characteristics of titanium powders used for MIM
  • Table 66: Examples of general metal AM consolidation techniques
  • Table 67: Radioactivity in mineral sands and products
  • Table 68: Titanium sponge production vs Human Freedom Index
  • Table 69: Titanium sponge production vs Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index
  • Table 70: Titanium sponge production vs World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index
  • Table 71: Critical raw materials identified by key Government bodies
  • Table 72: Responsible sourcing initiatives and policies, 2019
  • Table 73: OECD Due Diligence Guidance for minerals - 5-Step Framework for Upstream and Downstream Supply Chains
  • Table 74: Austria: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 75: Austria: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 76: Belgium: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 77: Belgium: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 78: Brazil: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 79: Canada: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 80: Canada: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 81: China: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 82: China: Titanium product operations, 2020
  • Table 83: China: Titanium sponge capacity by company, 2020 and production, 2019
  • Table 84: China: CSM group plants
  • Table 85: China: Consumption of titanium metal by market, 2016-2018
  • Table 86: China: Ferrotitanium capacity by company, 2020
  • Table 87: China: Producers of titanium powder, 2020
  • Table 88: France: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 89: France: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 90: Germany: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 91: Germany: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 92: India: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 93: India: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 94: VSSC/KMML: Sponge production and sales, FY 2013-FY 2018
  • Table 95: India: Partially reported production data for ferrotitanium, FY 2012-FY 2017
  • Table 96: Italy: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 97: Italy: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 98: Japan: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 99: Japan: Exports of titanium mill products by end use, 2013-2019
  • Table 100: Japan: Domestic shipments of titanium mill products by end use, 2013-2019
  • Table 101: Japan: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 102: Kazakhstan: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 103: Kazakhstan: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 104: South Korea: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 105: South Korea: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 106: Luxembourg: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 107: Netherlands: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 108: Norway: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 109: Norway: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 110: Poland: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 111: Poland: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 112: Romania: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 113: Russia: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 114: Russia: Titanium product operations, 2020
  • Table 115: Saudi Arabia: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 116: Saudi Arabia: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 117: Sweden: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 118: Sweden: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 119: Taiwan: Exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 120: Taiwan: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 121: Ukraine: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 122: Ukraine: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 123: UK: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2020
  • Table 124: UK: Summary of titanium metal operations, 2020
  • Table 125: USA: Production, exports and imports of titanium products by type, 2013-2019
  • Table 126: USA: Supply and disposal of titanium sponge, 2009-2019
  • Table 127: USA: Supply and disposal of titanium ingot, 2009-2019
  • Table 128: USA: Supply and disposal of titanium mill products, 2008-2019
  • Table 129: USA: Trade, stocks and consumption of titanium scrap, 2009-2019
  • Table 130: USA: Tariffs on titanium products, 2019
  • Table 131: USA: Titanium product operations, 2020
  • Table 132: USA: Titanium sponge and melted product operations, 2019
  • Table 133: Titanium buy-weights for selected aero engines
  • Table 134: Applications of ATI titanium alloys in helicopters
  • Table 135: Outlook for titanium use in aerospace by application, 2019-2030
  • Table 136: World: Industrial use of titanium, 2013-2020
  • Table 137: Comparison of corrosion resistance of titanium with selected alloys
  • Table 138: Titanium alloys used in the chemical process industry
  • Table 139: Outlook for titanium in chemical applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 140: Energy consumption by fuel type, 2017 and 2040
  • Table 141: Installed geothermal power capacity by country, 2019
  • Table 142: Nuclear power reactors under construction and potential titanium requirements, 2020-2026
  • Table 143: Outlook for titanium in power generation & transmission applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 144: Outlook for titanium in desalination applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 145: Economic comparison of materials for petrochemical heat exchanger tubing
  • Table 146: Outlook for titanium in oil & gas applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 147: Corrosion performance of titanium and competing materials in natural and polluted seawater
  • Table 148: Outlook for titanium in shipping and marine applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 149: Standard automobile components made from titanium
  • Table 150: Outlook for titanium in automotive applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 151: Details of selected manufacturers' titanium driver faces
  • Table 152: Outlook for titanium demand in consumer applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 153: Medical applications of titanium metal
  • Table 154: Outlook for titanium demand in medical applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 155: Outlook for titanium demand in high technology applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 156: Abrams M1A2 tank: Weight saved by using titanium components
  • Table 157: US Navy: Use of titanium by class of ship
  • Table 158: Outlook for titanium demand in non-aerospace military applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 159: Production of crude steel by region, 2011-2019
  • Table 160: Composition of typical carbon steel
  • Table 161: Production of stainless steel by region, 2011-2019
  • Table 162: Apparent consumption of stainless steel by region, 2011-2019
  • Table 163: Compositions of selected tool, die and valve steels containing titanium
  • Table 164: World: Major producers of tool steels and high-speed steel, 2019
  • Table 165: Elements and their function in HPA
  • Table 166: Compositions of selected HPA and superalloys containing titanium
  • Table 167: World leading producers of superalloys, 2020
  • Table 168: Compositions of selected medium temperature alloys containing titanium
  • Table 169: Forecast production of crude steel by region, 2019-2030
  • Table 170: Forecast production of stainless steel by region, 2019-2030
  • Table 171: Outlook for titanium in steel and other alloys, 2019-2030
  • Table 172: Allegheny Technologies: Subsidiaries and operations 2020
  • Table 173: Allegheny Technologies: Titanium operations 2020
  • Table 174: ATI: Sales by product, 2012-2019
  • Table 175: Howmet Aerospace plants, 2020
  • Table 176: Midhani: Sales of titanium alloys, superalloys and special stainless steels, FY 2008-FY 2018
  • Table 177: Nippon Steel Corporation: Titanium metal plants in Japan, 2019
  • Table 178: Northwest Institute for Nonferrous Metal Research: Titanium ingot and mill plants, 2020
  • Table 179: PCC: Titanium operating segments and businesses, 2020
  • Table 180: PCC: Main titanium operations, 2020
  • Table 181: SMK: Shipments of titanium products, 2009-2018
  • Table 182: Toho Titanium: Titanium operations, 2020
  • Table 183: Ust-Kamenogorsk Titanium and Magnesium Plant: Titanium operations, 2019
  • Table 184: VSMPO-AVISMA: Titanium operations, 2020
  • Table 185: VSMPO-AVISMA: Flat product specifications
  • Table 186: Zaporizhzhia Titanium and Magnesium Combine: Titanium operations, 2020
  • Table 187: Zunyi Titanium: Titanium operations, 2019
  • Table 188: Deep V Recession Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 189: Prolonged Global Recession Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 190: Deep V Recession Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 191: Prolonged Global Recession Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 192: Deep V Recession Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 193: Prolonged Global Recession Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 194: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 195: Forecast inflation for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 196: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2019-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Capacity for titanium sponge by country and total production, 2000-2020
  • Figure 2: Quarterly prices of Chinese titanium sponge (99.7% Ti) vs. unit value of USA imports, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Figure 3: USA: Consumption of scrap by use, 2000-2019
  • Figure 4: Average monthly titanium scrap turnings high prices, 2013-H1 2020
  • Figure 5: World: Production of melted product by main countries, 2000-2020
  • Figure 6: Production of mill products by main country/region, 2019
  • Figure 7: Exports of titanium mill products by major producing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 8: World: Estimated titanium mill product demand by sector, 2019
  • Figure 9: Ferrotitanium 70% free market monthly prices, Jul 2009-Jul 2020
  • Figure 10: Outlook for titanium mill product demand by application (Deep-V scenario), 2019-2030
  • Figure 11: Outlook for titanium mill product demand by application (Prolonged Global Recession scenario), 2019-2030
  • Figure 12: Titanium flowchart
  • Figure 13: World: Capacity for titanium sponge by country, 2000-2020
  • Figure 14: World: Production of titanium sponge by country, 2013-2020
  • Figure 15: World: Estimated production of titanium sponge by company, 2019
  • Figure 16: World: Imports and exports of titanium sponge as reported, 2013-2019
  • Figure 17: World: Estimated imports and exports of titanium sponge, 2013-2019
  • Figure 18: Exports of titanium sponge by producing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 19: Exports of titanium sponge by producing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 20: Imports of titanium sponge by country, 2013-2019
  • Figure 21: Imports of titanium sponge by country, 2013-2019
  • Figure 22: World: Monthly sponge exports, 2016-2020 to date
  • Figure 23: January to April sponge exports by main exporting countries, 2016-2019
  • Figure 24: USA year-end titanium sponge prices, 1980-2019
  • Figure 25: Quarterly values of US titanium sponge imports from Japan, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Figure 26: Quarterly prices of Chinese titanium sponge (99.7% Ti) vs. unit value of USA imports from Japan, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Figure 27: Use of sponge and scrap in titanium melted products, 2003-2019
  • Figure 28: Probabilistic price outlook for titanium sponge, 2019-2030
  • Figure 29: USA: Consumption of scrap by use, 2000-2019
  • Figure 30: USA: Scrap consumption/ingot production ratio compared to titanium scrap price, 1995-2019
  • Figure 31: Exports and imports of titanium waste and scrap, 2013-2019
  • Figure 32: Exports of titanium waste and scrap by principal countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 33: Exports of titanium waste and scrap by principal countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 34: Imports of titanium waste and scrap by principal countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 35: Imports of titanium waste and scrap by principal countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 36: World: Monthly exports of titanium scrap, 2016-2020 to date
  • Figure 37: World: January to April exports of titanium scrap, 2016-2020
  • Figure 38: World: January to April imports of titanium scrap, 2016-2020
  • Figure 39: Europe: Historical unprocessed titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) scrap prices, Jan 2000-July 2020
  • Figure 40: Comparison of titanium sponge and scrap prices, 2013-2019
  • Figure 41: Quarterly values of US titanium scrap imports, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Figure 42: Weekly unprocessed titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) scrap turnings prices, Jan 2013-July 2019
  • Figure 43: "Deep-V" outlook for titanium sponge and scrap consumption in melted products, 2019-2030
  • Figure 44: Probabilistic price outlook for titanium scrap, 2019-2030
  • Figure 45: World: Capacity for titanium melted product by country, 2000-2020
  • Figure 46: World: Estimated titanium melted capacity by main countries and technology, 2020
  • Figure 47: World: Production of titanium sponge and melted products, 1991-2020
  • Figure 48: World: Production of titanium melted products by main countries, 2019
  • Figure 49: World: Production of melted products by main countries, 2000-2020
  • Figure 50: World: Production of melted products by main countries, 2000-2019
  • Figure 51: Apparent imports and exports of titanium melted products, 2013-2019
  • Figure 52: Exports of titanium melted products by selected countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 53: Exports of titanium melted products by selected countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 54: Imports of titanium melted products by country, 2013-2019
  • Figure 55: Imports of titanium melted products by country, 2013-2019
  • Figure 56: Monthly melted product exports of selected producers, 2016-2020 to date
  • Figure 57: January to April melted product exports of selected producers, 2016-2019
  • Figure 58: USA: Export prices of titanium ingot, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Figure 59: Russia: Export prices of titanium ingot, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Figure 60: Chinese unit values for exports of unwrought titanium, other than sponge or powders, Q1 2013-Q2 2020
  • Figure 61: Probabilistic price outlook for titanium ingot, 2019-2030
  • Figure 62: Production of sponge, melt and mill products, 1991-2020
  • Figure 63: Production of mill products by main country/region, 2019
  • Figure 64: World: Apparent consumption of titanium mill products, 2013-2019
  • Figure 65: Exports and imports of mill products, 2013-2019
  • Figure 66: Exports of titanium mill products by major producing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 67: Exports of titanium mill products by major producing countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 68: Export matrix of trade in titanium mill products, 2019
  • Figure 69: Export matrix of trade in titanium mill products, 2019
  • Figure 70: Imports of titanium mill products by country, 2013-2019
  • Figure 71: Imports of titanium mill products by country, 2013-2019
  • Figure 72: World: Monthly exports of titanium mill products by region, 2016-2020 to date
  • Figure 73: World: January to April exports of titanium mill products, 2016-2020
  • Figure 74: World: January to April imports of titanium mill products, 2016-2020
  • Figure 75: China: CP titanium plate price, Q1 2010-Q2 2020
  • Figure 76: Outlook for titanium mill product demand, 2018-2030
  • Figure 77: Representative cost breakdown for Kroll process titanium sponge production
  • Figure 78: World: Imports and Exports of ferrotitanium, 2013-2019
  • Figure 79: World: Exports of ferrotitanium by main countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 80: World: Imports of ferrotitanium by main countries, 2013-2019
  • Figure 81: World: Monthly exports of ferrotitanium by region, 2016-2020 to date
  • Figure 82: World: January to April exports of titanium mill products, 2016-2020
  • Figure 83: Comparison of historical scrap and FeTi prices in Europe, 2000-2020
  • Figure 84: Ferrotitanium 70% free market monthly prices, Jul 2009 -- Jul 2020
  • Figure 85: Ferrotitanium 30% free market monthly prices, Jul 2009-Jun 2020
  • Figure 86: Additive manufacturing costs for titanium
  • Figure 87: Production process flow chart for heavy mineral sands
  • Figure 88: Becher process for production of synthetic rutile
  • Figure 89: Typical flow sheet for titanium sponge, cast slab and ingots
  • Figure 90: Cold hearth melting schematic diagram
  • Figure 91: Manufacturing of titanium mill products from ingot or slab
  • Figure 92: Titanium alloys: Characteristics of phase component groups
  • Figure 93: HIP potential
  • Figure 94: UN Sustainable Development Goals
  • Figure 95: Roskill's ESG framework
  • Figure 96: Energy consumption in US titanium manufacturing
  • Figure 97: Criticality matrix
  • Figure 98: European CRM list 2017
  • Figure 99: China: Share of titanium sponge production by company, 2019
  • Figure 100: China: Top-20 producers of melted products, 2018 and estimated output, 2019
  • Figure 101: China: Top-10 producers of mill products, 2018 and estimated output, 2019
  • Figure 102: China: Consumption of titanium metal by market, 2018
  • Figure 103: India: Estimated consumption of ferrotitanium by end-use, FY 2015-16
  • Figure 104: Japan: Production and trade in titanium sponge, ingot and mill products, 2000-2019
  • Figure 105: Japan: Shipments (domestic and exports) of titanium mill products by end use, 2019
  • Figure 106: Kazakhstan: Exports of titanium sponge by selected country, 2007-2019
  • Figure 107: Russia: Production of titanium sponge, ingot and slab, 2009-2019
  • Figure 108: USA: Production, consumption, trade and industry stocks of titanium sponge, 2000-2019
  • Figure 109: USA: Titanium ingot: Comparison of production and consumption with sponge consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 110: USA: Reported production of melted and mill products, 1990-2019
  • Figure 111: USA: Reported mill product output as a proportion of ingot production, 1990-2018
  • Figure 112: USA: Comparison of titanium ingot production and scrap usage, 2000-2019
  • Figure 113: USA: Production of titanium sponge scrap and ingot compared with consumption of sponge and scrap, 2000-2019
  • Figure 114: Consumption of titanium mill products in aerospace by segment, 2013-2019
  • Figure 115: Titanium use in aerospace by application, 2019
  • Figure 116: Change in composition of airframes (MD-80, 787 and A350 XWB)
  • Figure 117: Titanium content of selected Airbus and Boeing airframes
  • Figure 118: Historical deliveries of commercial airliners and global active fleet size, 1959-2019
  • Figure 119: Example materials composition of legacy engines
  • Figure 120: Historical deliveries of airliner engines and engines in service, 1959-2019
  • Figure 121: Titanium content of fighter aircraft
  • Figure 122: Material composition of selected fighter and transport aircraft models
  • Figure 123: Material composition of selected military helicopters
  • Figure 124: Helicopter deliveries by major producers, 2013-2019
  • Figure 125: General aviation aircraft shipments by type, 1994-2019
  • Figure 126: Space launches, 1998-2020 to date (number of launches)
  • Figure 127: Process losses of titanium in turbine blade manufacturing
  • Figure 128: Buy-to-fly ratios of commercial airliners
  • Figure 129: Buy-to-fly ratios for military airframes
  • Figure 130: Estimated total additive manufacturing market value by application, 2018
  • Figure 131: Estimated additive manufacturing feedstock metal demand volume by application, 2018
  • Figure 132: Deliveries of commercial airliners, 1999-2019
  • Figure 133: Business jet deliveries by company, 2013-2019
  • Figure 134: Structure of the commercial aircraft industry
  • Figure 135: Commercial airliner engine deliveries by company, 2013-2019
  • Figure 136: Commercial airliner engines in service by company, 2013-2019
  • Figure 137: Safran: Estimated titanium requirement breakdown, 2019
  • Figure 138: Global rotorcraft shipments by selected companies, 2019
  • Figure 139: Global airline traffic, capacity and fleet size, 1990-2019
  • Figure 140: Airbus and Boeing monthly airliner deliveries, Jan 2018-May 2019
  • Figure 141: Forecast commercial air passenger traffic, 2018-2030
  • Figure 142: Forecast airliner deliveries, 2018-2030
  • Figure 143: Outlook for aerospace titanium demand, 2018-2030
  • Figure 144: Industrial uses of titanium, 2013-2020
  • Figure 145: China: Consumption of titanium in industrial applications, 2016-2018
  • Figure 146: Japan: Domestic shipments of titanium mill products to industrial end markets, 2013-2019
  • Figure 147: World: Chlorine capacity by region, 2019
  • Figure 148: World: Chlorine production and estimated caustic soda production by region, 2019
  • Figure 149: World: Chlorine production by main countries, 2015-2019
  • Figure 150: World: Estimated caustic soda production by main countries, 2015-2019
  • Figure 151: World: Planned and announced additions and expansions to PTA capacity, 2019-2023
  • Figure 152: Energy consumption by fuel type, 2016 and 2040
  • Figure 153: India: Planned implementation of FGD systems in thermal plants, 2018-2022
  • Figure 154: World: Geothermal installed power capacity, 2008-2019
  • Figure 155: World: planned coal plant capacity additions, by development stage, 2019
  • Figure 156: World: Estimated historical and forecast installed desalination capacity, 1980-2030
  • Figure 157: World: Share of installed desalination capacity by region, 2018
  • Figure 158: World: Annual average rig count by main countries/regions, 2012-2020
  • Figure 159: Crude oil spot prices and world rig count, Jan 2013-Apr 2020
  • Figure 160: Global shipping orderbook, 2012-2018
  • Figure 161: Historical production of passenger and commercial vehicles, 2005-2019
  • Figure 162: Regional breakdown of sales of vehicles, 2005-2019
  • Figure 163: World: Forecast production of passenger and commercial vehicles, 2019-2030
  • Figure 164: Outlook for titanium demand in industrial applications under possible economic impact scenarios, 2018-2030
  • Figure 165: Outlook for titanium in industrial applications by market segment, 2019-2030, Deep-V impact scenario
  • Figure 166: Outlook for titanium in industrial applications by market segment, 2019-2030, Prolonged Global Recession impact scenario
  • Figure 167: Worldwide golf equipment market size, 2014-2019
  • Figure 168: Trends in US and European golf markets, 2007-2018
  • Figure 169: Production of titanium bicycles by type, 2017
  • Figure 170: Worldwide orthopaedics market value, 2016-2019
  • Figure 171: Hip replacement procedure rates (per 100,000 population) for OECD countries, 2015
  • Figure 172: Knee replacement procedure rates (per 100,000 population) for selected OECD countries, 2015
  • Figure 173: Estimated share of sputtering target market value by material type, 2019
  • Figure 174: Number of MRI units per million inhabitants in selected countries, 2018
  • Figure 175: Estimated use of titanium in steel and other alloys by country, 2019
  • Figure 176: USA: Consumption of titanium in steel and other alloys, 2008-2019
  • Figure 177: Production of stainless steel by series, 2011-2019
  • Figure 178: Stainless steel consumption by end-use, 2019
  • Figure 179: Elemental effects of metals in HPA
  • Figure 180: Outlook for automotive production, ICE vs xEV (000s of units), 2019-2030
  • Figure 181: ATI: Total sales by end market, 2019
  • Figure 182: ATI total sales by region, 2019
  • Figure 183: ATI: Titanium and titanium-based alloys sales, 2013-2019
  • Figure 184: Baoti: Titanium sales, 2017-2019
  • Figure 185: Arconic: Engineered Products and Forgings business organic revenue by end-market, 2019
  • Figure 186: Howmet Aerospace: Breakdown of product market share by material type, 2019
  • Figure 187: Midhani: Share of executed sales and booked orders by end-market, FY218-19
  • Figure 188: Solikamsk Magnesium Works: Shipments of titanium products by destination, 2010-2018
  • Figure 189: Toho Titanium: Net sales by segment, FY2014-FY2019
  • Figure 190: VSMPO-AVISMA: Sales of titanium products, 2009-2019
  • Figure 191: VSMPO-AVISMA: Shipments of titanium products by region, 2009-2019
  • Figure 192: VSMPO-AVISMA: Shipments of titanium products by region, 2013-2019
  • Figure 193: VSMPO-AVISMA: Reported and estimated quarterly production of titanium sponge, 2013-2019
目次

The global titanium metal industry is on a long-term growth trend, and the 2014-2019 period saw rising output and trade along the whole supply chain. Exports of feedstocks increased significantly in 2019, with international sponge shipments estimated to have increased by around 20% y-o-y and exports of titanium scrap up by 14% y-o-y. Exports of titanium mill products have risen by 6.2%py on average since 2014, to reach almost 107kt in 2019.

Around half of all titanium demand comes from high-value aerospace applications and 10 years of continuous air-traffic growth over the 2010-2019 period has supported increasing levels of commercial airliner production. However the situation changed suddenly in Q1 2020 following the outbreak of the Covid-19 coronavirus pandemic, and the commercial aviation and aerospace industries now face a period of unprecedented near-term disruption and uncertainty. Many airline operators around the world have been confronted with significant financial challenges as a result of a drop in air travel, and declining profits will likely have implications for both existing and future aircraft orders, which may affect production ramp-up plans and, by extension, demand for aerospace materials such as titanium alloys.

The titanium metal supply chain is geographically concentrated. Production of titanium sponge is limited to Russia, Japan, Kazakhstan, China, USA, Ukraine, India and, most recently, Saudi Arabia, although Russia, Japan and China alone account for more than three quarters of global output. Titanium slab and ingot production is similarly concentrated, with China, USA, Russia and Japan holding almost 90% of melting capacity in 2019. There is also a high degree of downstream integration into the production of mill products. The geographical distribution and limited number of industry participants partly reflects the history of titanium in military and aeronautical applications as well as the technical challenges and high barriers to entry associated with its production, particularly for aerospace grades which require industry qualification for use.

Titanium metal is a strategic raw material which, aside from its use in key industries such as commercial aerospace, is required by military programmes such as the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. Titanium is included on the US Department of the Interior's list of mineral commodities considered critical to economic and national security and in 2019 the US Department of Commerce investigated the potential risk to national security posed by imports of titanium sponge. Having received the department's recommendations, President Trump has directed the US Defense Secretary to take measures to increase access to sponge and support domestic production to meet national defence requirements, although no direct action on imports is to be taken.

At present, the vast majority of titanium metal is produced using traditional manufacturing techniques, melting sponge and scrap to produce slabs and ingots which are processed into a range of mill product forms and then cut and machined into components. However, continuing advances in the field of additive manufacturing is generating increased interest in the direct production of complex net-shape components from powder or wire feedstocks, with the potential to vastly reduce material losses during part production.

The use of additive manufacturing in key industries such as aerospace is expected to grow rapidly over the outlook period, potentially moderating overall demand growth as titanium buy-to-fly ratios are gradually reduced. Conversely, as the process becomes more widespread and cost-efficient, a reduction in material costs could result in the expansion of titanium use in niche markets such as the automotive sector, where the metal's excellent strength-to-weight characteristics are desirable but cost is currently prohibitive.

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • What are the possible implications of the Covid-19 pandemic for the titanium metal market?
  • What are the latest trends in international trade?
  • Will existing sponge capacity be sufficient to meet long-term requirements?
  • To what extent are additive manufacturing techniques likely to impact titanium demand?
  • What is the outlook for aerospace, industrial, medical and consumer markets, and what will be the main demand drivers?

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Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1. Titanium sponge
  • 1.2. Titanium scrap
  • 1.3. Titanium melted products
  • 1.4. Titanium mill products
  • 1.5. Ferrotitanium
  • 1.6. Titanium powder
  • 1.7. Outlook
    • 1.7.1. COVID-19 impact
      • 1.7.1.1. Note on data presentation
    • 1.7.2. Outlook for titanium metal

2. Titanium flowchart

3. Supply chain - titanium metal

  • 3.1. Titanium sponge
    • 3.1.1. Capacity for titanium sponge
    • 3.1.2. Production of titanium sponge
      • 3.1.2.1. Supply of titanium sponge by company
    • 3.1.3. Trade in titanium sponge
      • 3.1.3.1. Exports of titanium sponge
      • 3.1.3.2. Imports of titanium sponge
      • 3.1.3.3. 2020 trade trends
    • 3.1.4. Prices of titanium sponge
    • 3.1.5. Outlook for supply of titanium sponge
      • 3.1.5.1. Outlook for prices of titanium sponge
  • 3.2. Titanium scrap
    • 3.2.1. Production of titanium scrap
    • 3.2.2. Trade in titanium scrap
      • 3.2.2.1. Exports of titanium scrap
      • 3.2.2.2. Imports of titanium scrap
      • 3.2.2.3. 2020 trade trends
    • 3.2.3. Prices of titanium scrap
    • 3.2.4. Outlook for supply of titanium scrap
      • 3.2.4.1. Outlook for prices of titanium scrap
  • 3.3. Titanium melted products
    • 3.3.1. Capacity for titanium melted products
    • 3.3.2. Production of titanium melted products
    • 3.3.3. Trade in titanium melted products
      • 3.3.3.1. Exports of titanium melted products
      • 3.3.3.2. Imports of titanium melted products
      • 3.3.3.3. 2020 trade trends
    • 3.3.4. Prices of titanium melted products
    • 3.3.5. Outlook for supply of titanium melted products
      • 3.3.5.1. Outlook for prices of titanium melted products
  • 3.4. Titanium mill products
    • 3.4.1. Capacity for titanium mill products
    • 3.4.2. Production of titanium mill products
    • 3.4.3. Consumption of titanium mill products
    • 3.4.4. Trade in titanium mill products
      • 3.4.4.1. Exports of titanium mill products
      • 3.4.4.2. Imports of titanium mill products
      • 3.4.4.3. 2020 trade trends
    • 3.4.5. Prices of titanium mill products
    • 3.4.6. Outlook for titanium mill products
      • 3.4.6.1. Outlook for demand
      • 3.4.6.2. Outlook for supply
  • 3.5. Production costs

4. Supply chain - ferrotitanium

  • 4.1. Supply of ferrotitanium
  • 4.2. Trade in ferrotitanium
    • 4.2.1. 2020 trade trends
  • 4.3. Prices for ferrotitanium
  • 4.4. Outlook for ferrotitanium
    • 4.4.1. Outlook for prices

5. Supply chain - titanium powder

  • 5.1. Production capacity for titanium powder
    • 5.1.1. Recent developments in titanium powder production
  • 5.2. Production routes for titanium powder
  • 5.3. Consumption of titanium powder
  • 5.4. End uses for titanium powder
  • 5.5. Prices for titanium metal powders
  • 5.6. Outlook

6. Background

  • 6.1. History of the discovery of titanium metal
    • 6.1.1. Properties of titanium metal
      • 6.1.1.1. Crystallography of titanium metal
    • 6.1.2. Mineralogy and occurrence of titanium
      • 6.1.2.1. Mineralogy of titanium
      • 6.1.2.2. Occurrence and resources
  • 6.2. Mining and processing of titanium feedstocks
    • 6.2.1. Mining and concentration
    • 6.2.2. Upgrading of ilmenite to titanium mineral and metal feedstocks
      • 6.2.2.1. Synthetic rutile production processes
    • 6.2.3. Natural rutile
    • 6.2.4. Titanium slag
  • 6.3. Processing of feedstock to titanium metal
    • 6.3.1. Production of titanium sponge
      • 6.3.1.1. Kroll process
      • 6.3.1.2. Hunter process
      • 6.3.1.3. Molten salt chlorination
    • 6.3.2. Grades of titanium sponge
    • 6.3.3. Processing of titanium sponge to metal
      • 6.3.3.1. Double and triple vacuum arc remelting
      • 6.3.3.2. Cold hearth melting
      • 6.3.3.3. Induction skull melting
    • 6.3.4. New technologies for recovery of titanium metal
      • 6.3.4.1. Armstrong Process - Tronox
      • 6.3.4.2. FFC Cambridge Process - Metalysis Ltd
      • 6.3.4.3. TiRO™ process - CSIRO
      • 6.3.4.4. EMR/MSE process - Japan Titanium Society
      • 6.3.4.5. CSIR-Ti
      • 6.3.4.6. Norsk Titanium AS
      • 6.3.4.7. Universal Technical Resource Services (UTRS)
      • 6.3.4.8. HAMR process
    • 6.3.5. Manufacture of titanium mill products and forgings
    • 6.3.6. Generation of titanium scrap
  • 6.4. Forms of titanium metal
    • 6.4.1. Commercially pure (CP) titanium
    • 6.4.2. Titanium alloys
      • 6.4.2.1. Grades of commercially pure (CP) titanium metal
      • 6.4.2.2. Alpha-beta alloys
      • 6.4.2.3. Alpha class alloys
      • 6.4.2.4. Beta class alloys
      • 6.4.2.5. Shape memory alloys
    • 6.4.3. Specialised titanium alloys and composites
      • 6.4.3.1. Titanium aluminides
      • 6.4.3.2. Niobium titanium alloys
      • 6.4.3.3. Titanium nitride, carbide and carbonitride
      • 6.4.3.4. Reinforced alloys and intermetallics - metal matrix composites
      • 6.4.3.5. Titanium in honeycomb structures
      • 6.4.3.6. Porous titanium
  • 6.5. Fabrication of titanium metal products
    • 6.5.1. Casting
    • 6.5.2. Hot isostatic pressing (HIP)
    • 6.5.3. Superplastic forming (SPF)
    • 6.5.4. Diffusion bonding (DB)
    • 6.5.5. Flowforming
    • 6.5.6. Selective laser sintering/hot isostatic pressing (SLS/HIP)
    • 6.5.7. Rapid solidification processing (RSP)
    • 6.5.8. Dispersoid strengthening (DS)
    • 6.5.9. Brazing
    • 6.5.10. Surface hardening
    • 6.5.11. Heated roll rolling (HRR)
  • 6.6. Titanium powder metallurgy (PM)
    • 6.6.1. Powder manufacturing processes
    • 6.6.2. Sponge fines
    • 6.6.3. Hydride
    • 6.6.4. Hydride-dehydride process
    • 6.6.5. Plasma rotating electrode process
    • 6.6.6. Gas atomisation process
    • 6.6.7. Plasma atomisation process
    • 6.6.8. Armstrong Process®
    • 6.6.9. FCC Cambridge process
    • 6.6.10. Research into new processes
    • 6.6.11. Powder consolidation methods
      • 6.6.11.1. Press and sinter
      • 6.6.11.2. Blended elemental
      • 6.6.11.3. Isostatic pressing
      • 6.6.11.4. Cold isostatic pressing (CIP)
      • 6.6.11.5. Hot isostatic pressing (HIP)
      • 6.6.11.6. CIP-Sinter (CHIP)
      • 6.6.11.7. Pre-alloyed HIP
      • 6.6.11.8. Metal injection moulding (MIM)
      • 6.6.11.9. Additive manufacturing
      • 6.6.11.10. Direct powder rolling
    • 6.6.12. Direct powder application
      • 6.6.12.1. Spray forming
      • 6.6.12.2. Thermal spray coating
  • 6.7. Titanium additive manufacturing (3D printing)
    • 6.7.1. Powder bed fusion
    • 6.7.2. Direct energy deposition (DED)
    • 6.7.3. Cold spray
    • 6.7.4. Other technologies

7. Sustainability

  • 7.1. Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)
    • 7.1.1. Environmental
      • 7.1.1.1. Resource consumption
      • 7.1.1.2. Raw material mining
      • 7.1.1.3. Chinese environmental inspections
      • 7.1.1.4. Sustainable solutions
    • 7.1.2. Social
      • 7.1.2.1. Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)
      • 7.1.2.2. Human rights
    • 7.1.3. Governance
      • 7.1.3.1. Corruption
      • 7.1.3.2. Ease of Doing Business (EoDB)
  • 7.2. Critical raw materials
  • 7.3. Responsible sourcing initiatives
    • 7.3.1. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
    • 7.3.2. Global Reporting Initiative
    • 7.3.3. Responsible Mining Index
    • 7.3.4. Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance

8. Country profiles

  • 8.1. Argentina
  • 8.2. Armenia
  • 8.3. Australia
  • 8.4. Austria
  • 8.5. Belgium
  • 8.6. Brazil
  • 8.7. Canada
  • 8.8. China
    • 8.8.1. Producers of titanium sponge
      • 8.8.1.1. Closed titanium sponge operations in China
    • 8.8.2. Producers of titanium ingot and mill products in China
    • 8.8.3. Consumption of titanium products in China
    • 8.8.4. Producers of ferrotitanium in China
    • 8.8.5. Producers of titanium powder in China
  • 8.9. France
    • 8.9.1. Producers of titanium products in France
    • 8.9.2. Other titanium product companies in France
  • 8.10. Germany
    • 8.10.1. Producers of titanium products in Germany
    • 8.10.2. Other titanium product companies in Germany
  • 8.11. India
    • 8.11.1. Titanium sponge projects in India
    • 8.11.2. Producers of titanium products in India
      • 8.11.2.1. Producers of other titanium products in India
    • 8.11.3. Producers of ferrotitanium in India
  • 8.12. Italy
    • 8.12.1. Producers of titanium ingot and mill products in Italy
    • 8.12.2. Other producers of titanium products in Italy
  • 8.13. Japan
    • 8.13.1. Producers of titanium sponge, ingot, mill and other products in Japan
  • 8.14. Kazakhstan
  • 8.15. South Korea
  • 8.16. Luxembourg
  • 8.17. The Netherlands
  • 8.18. Norway
  • 8.19. Poland
  • 8.20. Romania
    • 8.20.1. Producers of titanium ingot and mill products in Romania
  • 8.21. Russia
    • 8.21.1. Producers of titanium products in Russia
    • 8.21.2. Producers of ferrotitanium in Russia
  • 8.22. Saudi Arabia
  • 8.23. Slovenia
  • 8.24. South Africa
  • 8.25. Sweden
  • 8.26. Taiwan
  • 8.27. Ukraine
    • 8.27.1. Producers of titanium products in Ukraine
  • 8.28. United Kingdom
    • 8.28.1. Producers and processors of titanium metal in the United Kingdom
    • 8.28.2. Other producers of titanium products in the UK
    • 8.28.3. Producers of ferrotitanium in the UK
  • 8.29. USA
    • 8.29.1. Production, consumption and trade of titanium sponge in the USA
    • 8.29.2. Production, consumption and trade of titanium ingot in the USA
    • 8.29.3. Production of titanium mill products and articles in the USA
    • 8.29.4. Supply and use of titanium scrap in the USA
    • 8.29.5. Tariffs on titanium products in the USA
    • 8.29.6. Producers of titanium products in the USA
    • 8.29.7. Producers of titanium sponge and ingot in the USA
    • 8.29.8. Other producers of titanium products in the USA
    • 8.29.9. Producers of ferrotitanium in the USA

9. End uses

  • 9.1. Use of titanium metal in aerospace
    • 9.1.1. Main applications
      • 9.1.1.1. Airframes
      • 9.1.1.2. Airliner engines
      • 9.1.1.3. Fighters, bombers & support aircraft
      • 9.1.1.4. Helicopters
      • 9.1.1.5. General aviation
      • 9.1.1.6. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
      • 9.1.1.7. Spaceflight
      • 9.1.1.8. Missiles
    • 9.1.2. Forms of titanium used in aerospace
    • 9.1.3. Competition from other materials
    • 9.1.4. Buy-to-fly ratios
    • 9.1.5. Additive manufacturing in aerospace
      • 9.1.5.1. Use of titanium in aerospace additive manufacturing
    • 9.1.6. Structure of the titanium aerospace market and major manufacturers
      • 9.1.6.1. Airframe companies
      • 9.1.6.2. Aeroengine companies
      • 9.1.6.3. Military contractors
      • 9.1.6.4. Helicopter companies
    • 9.1.7. Outlook for titanium in aerospace
      • 9.1.7.1. General trends in aerospace demand
      • 9.1.7.2. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic
      • 9.1.7.3. Other general considerations for aerospace
  • 9.2. Use of titanium metal in industrial applications
    • 9.2.1. Regional demand for industrial titanium
    • 9.2.2. Types of titanium used
    • 9.2.3. Main applications
      • 9.2.3.1. Heat transfer equipment
      • 9.2.3.2. Tubes, pipes, tanks, vessels, fittings and fasteners
      • 9.2.3.3. Cathodic protection
    • 9.2.4. Chemical processing
      • 9.2.4.1. Chlor-alkali processing
      • 9.2.4.2. Terephthalic acid production
      • 9.2.4.3. Chemical outlook
    • 9.2.5. Power generation and transmission
      • 9.2.5.1. Steam turbine blades
      • 9.2.5.2. Condenser and heat exchanger tubing
      • 9.2.5.3. Flue gas desulphurisation (FGD)
      • 9.2.5.4. Nuclear fuel waste and containers
      • 9.2.5.5. Geothermal and ocean thermal electricity generation
      • 9.2.5.6. Energy outlook
    • 9.2.6. Desalination
    • 9.2.7. Oil and gas
      • 9.2.7.1. Applications
      • 9.2.7.2. Oil and gas outlook
    • 9.2.8. Shipbuilding and other marine applications
    • 9.2.9. Automotives
      • 9.2.9.1. Applications
      • 9.2.9.2. Competition with other materials
      • 9.2.9.3. Automotive outlook
    • 9.2.10. Metallurgy
    • 9.2.11. Architecture and structural engineering
    • 9.2.12. Others
    • 9.2.13. Outlook summary for titanium in industrial applications
      • 9.2.13.1. Underlying drivers
      • 9.2.13.2. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic
  • 9.3. Use of titanium metal in consumer applications
    • 9.3.1. Golf clubs
    • 9.3.2. Bicycles
    • 9.3.3. Other sports equipment
    • 9.3.4. Non-sport consumer applications
      • 9.3.4.1. Spectacles, jewellery and watches
      • 9.3.4.2. Kitchenware
      • 9.3.4.3. Other uses
    • 9.3.5. Outlook for titanium in consumer applications
  • 9.4. Use of titanium metal in medical applications
    • 9.4.1. Main applications
      • 9.4.1.1. Orthopaedic applications
      • 9.4.1.2. Heart components
      • 9.4.1.3. Dentistry
      • 9.4.1.4. Medical instruments
      • 9.4.1.5. Wheelchairs
      • 9.4.1.6. Other uses
    • 9.4.2. Types of titanium used
    • 9.4.3. Competition from other materials
    • 9.4.4. Titanium additive manufacturing in medical applications
    • 9.4.5. Outlook for titanium use in medical applications
  • 9.5. Use of titanium in high technology applications
    • 9.5.1. Sputtering targets
    • 9.5.2. Superconductivity
    • 9.5.3. Other uses
    • 9.5.4. Outlook for titanium in high technology applications
  • 9.6. Use of titanium metal in non-aerospace military applications
    • 9.6.1. Main applications
      • 9.6.1.1. Armour
      • 9.6.1.2. Field guns and small arms
      • 9.6.1.3. Naval applications
    • 9.6.2. Competition from other materials
    • 9.6.3. Outlook for titanium in military applications
  • 9.7. Use of titanium metal in steels, superalloys, and other minor alloys
    • 9.7.1. Carbon steel
      • 9.7.1.1. Production of crude steel
      • 9.7.1.2. Titanium use in carbon steel
    • 9.7.2. Stainless steel
      • 9.7.2.1. Production and grades of stainless steel
      • 9.7.2.2. Consumption of stainless steel
      • 9.7.2.3. Titanium use in stainless steel
    • 9.7.3. Tool, die and valve steel
      • 9.7.3.1. Production of tool steels
    • 9.7.4. Nickel-base alloys
      • 9.7.4.1. HPA and superalloys
      • 9.7.4.2. Titanium use in HPA and superalloys
      • 9.7.4.3. Production of HPA and superalloys
      • 9.7.4.4. Consumption of HPA and superalloys
    • 9.7.5. Alloys other than steel and superalloys
    • 9.7.6. Outlook for titanium use in steels, superalloys, and other minor alloys
      • 9.7.6.1. Crude steel
      • 9.7.6.2. Stainless steel
      • 9.7.6.3. Tool steel
      • 9.7.6.4. HPA and superalloys
      • 9.7.6.5. Overall outlook for demand
  • 9.8. Other end uses for titanium-based alloys and compounds

10. Company profiles

  • 10.1. Advanced Metal Industries Cluster and Toho Titanium Metal Company Limited (ATTM)
  • 10.2. Allegheny Technologies (ATI)
    • 10.2.1. Albany
    • 10.2.2. Billerica
    • 10.2.3. Brackenridge
    • 10.2.4. Coon Valley
    • 10.2.5. Cudahy
    • 10.2.6. Huntsville
    • 10.2.7. Louisville
    • 10.2.8. Monroe
    • 10.2.9. New Bedford
    • 10.2.10. New Britain
    • 10.2.11. Oakdale
    • 10.2.12. Richburg
    • 10.2.13. Richland
    • 10.2.14. Rowley
    • 10.2.15. Stalowa Wola
    • 10.2.16. Uniti Titanium
    • 10.2.17. Washington
  • 10.3. Ansteel Group Corporation
  • 10.4. International Company Antares
  • 10.5. Aubert & Duval
  • 10.6. Baoji Titanium Industry Company Limited
  • 10.7. Carpenter Technology
    • 10.7.1. Dynamet
    • 10.7.2. Carpenter Powder Products
    • 10.7.3. Carpenter Additive
  • 10.8. Chaoyang Baisheng
  • 10.9. CMK
  • 10.10. EcoTitanium
  • 10.11. Hermith
  • 10.12. Honeywell International Incorporated
  • 10.13. Howmet Aerospace
    • 10.13.1. Austin
    • 10.13.2. Bestwig
    • 10.13.3. Big Lake
    • 10.13.4. Canton
    • 10.13.5. Cleveland
    • 10.13.6. Exeter
    • 10.13.7. Hampton
    • 10.13.8. Houston
    • 10.13.9. Laval
    • 10.13.10. Low Moor
    • 10.13.11. Martinsville
    • 10.13.12. New Brighton
    • 10.13.13. Niles
    • 10.13.14. Nomi
    • 10.13.15. Norwalk
    • 10.13.16. Roseville
    • 10.13.17. Rosny-sur-Seine
    • 10.13.18. Savannah
    • 10.13.19. Sullivan
    • 10.13.20. Tamworth
    • 10.13.21. Washington
    • 10.13.22. Welwyn Garden City
    • 10.13.23. Whitehall
  • 10.14. Kobe Steel Group
    • 10.14.1. Takasago
    • 10.14.2. Kakogawa
    • 10.14.3. Shimonoseki
  • 10.15. Lomon Billions
    • 10.15.1. Xinli Titanium Industry
      • 10.15.1.1. Lufeng County
      • 10.15.1.2. Wuding County
    • 10.15.2. Gansu
  • 10.16. Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute (LSMRI)/Wanji Holding Group
    • 10.16.1. Luoyang Sunrui Wanji Titanium Industry
    • 10.16.2. Luoyang Sunrui Titanium Precision Casting
  • 10.17. Mishra Dhatu Nigam (Midhani)
  • 10.18. Neotiss
  • 10.19. Nippon Steel Corporation
    • 10.19.1. Nippon Steel Naoetsu Titanium
  • 10.20. Norsk Titanium
  • 10.21. Osaka Titanium Technologies Company Limited
    • 10.21.1. Amagasaki
  • 10.22. Northwest Institute for Nonferrous Metal Research (Group)
    • 10.22.1. Baoji
    • 10.22.2. Xi'An
  • 10.23. Paton Electric Welding Institute
  • 10.24. Perryman Company
    • 10.24.1. California
    • 10.24.2. Houston
    • 10.24.3. Frackville
    • 10.24.4. Goodville
  • 10.25. Precision Castparts Corporation (PCC)
    • 10.25.1. PCC Structurals
      • 10.25.1.1. Ogeu les Bains (PCC France)
      • 10.25.1.2. Portland (Large Parts Campus)
      • 10.25.1.3. Redmond (PCC Schlosser)
      • 10.25.1.4. Port St. Lucie (API)
    • 10.25.2. PCC Airfoils
      • 10.25.2.1. AETC
    • 10.25.3. Wyman-Gordon
    • 10.25.4. TIMET
      • 10.25.4.1. Henderson
      • 10.25.4.2. Morgantown
      • 10.25.4.3. Salisbury
      • 10.25.4.4. Toronto
      • 10.25.4.5. Vallejo
      • 10.25.4.6. Loterios
      • 10.25.4.7. TIMET UK
      • 10.25.4.8. TIMET Savoie
      • 10.25.4.9. TIMET Asia
  • 10.26. Sandvik Group
    • 10.26.1. Sandviken
    • 10.26.2. Kennewick
  • 10.27. Solikamsk Magnesium Works
  • 10.28. TiFast
  • 10.29. Toho Titanium Company Limited
    • 10.29.1. Chigasaki
    • 10.29.2. Hitachi
    • 10.29.3. Wakamatsu
    • 10.29.4. Yahata
  • 10.30. Ust-Kamenogorsk Titanium and Magnesium Plant (UKTMP)
    • 10.30.1. Usk-Kamenogorsk
    • 10.30.2. POSUK Titanium
    • 10.30.3. UKAD
  • 10.31. VILS (All-Russian Institute of Light Alloys)
    • 10.31.1. Moscow
  • 10.32. VSMPO-AVISMA
    • 10.32.1. Berezniki
    • 10.32.2. Verkhnaya Salda
    • 10.32.3. Limpieza Group
    • 10.32.4. NF&M International
    • 10.32.5. UNITI Titanium
    • 10.32.6. Ural Boeing Manufacturing
    • 10.32.7. VSMPO-Tirus
    • 10.32.8. AlTi Forge
  • 10.33. Zaporizhzhia Titanium and Magnesium Combine (ZTMC)
    • 10.33.1. Zaporozhye
  • 10.34. Zunyi Titanium Industry Company Limited
    • 10.34.1. Zunyi
    • 10.34.2. Zunbao Titanium
    • 10.34.3. Guizhou Compliance

11. Macro economic outlook

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