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モリブデンの世界市場:2030年までの展望、第16版

Molybdenum: Outlook to 2030, 16th Edition

出版日: | 発行: Roskill Information Services | ページ情報: 英文 | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

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モリブデンの世界市場:2030年までの展望、第16版
出版日: 2020年08月31日
発行: Roskill Information Services
ページ情報: 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

モリブデンの大部分は、銅の副産物として生産されており、2019年には全体の73%が銅の副産物として生産され、27%がモリブデン鉱山で生産されています。主な用途は鉄鋼生産で、全体の80%を占めており、残りの20%は超合金、モリブデン金属、化学薬品などで使用されています。モリブデン市場では、米国と中国の貿易戦争に対する懸念が高まっており、2019年には酸化モリブデンの価格が4.1%減少し、3年連続で伸びていた需要も2.4%減少しています。モリブデンの生産量が最も多い中国では、2019年の生産量が前年に比べ2%増加しましたが、2位のチリの生産量は10%落ち込んでいます。新型コロナウイルス感染症(COVID-19)のパンデミックにより、2020年のモリブデン業界は新たな課題に直面します。各国政府が実施したロックダウン措置は、経済活動の急激な減速をもたらしており、鉱山の操業率も低下しています。2020年第1四半期には、酸化モリブデンの価格が前年同期比で18%減少しており、一部の鉱山が生産量削減などの対応をとりましたが、2021年以降は生産量が回復する見通しです。

当レポートは、世界のモリブデン市場を調査したもので、サプライチェーンの流れ、世界的な生産と消費の状況、生産コスト、国際的な取引、今後の展望、生産国と企業のプロファイル、消費動向などの情報を提供しています。

目次

  • 1.エグゼクティブサマリー
  • 2.サプライチェーンのフローチャート
  • 3.世界の生産状況
  • 4.生産コスト
  • 5.世界の消費状況
  • 6.国際的な取引
  • 7.価格
  • 8.展望
  • 9.背景
  • 10.持続可能性
  • 11.生産国のプロファイル
  • 12. 企業のプロファイル
  • 13.用途別の消費状況
図表

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Forecast base case molybdenum supply, demand and balance, 2020-2030
  • Table 2: World molybdenum mine production, 2011-2020
  • Table 3: Molybdenum mine production by country, 2011-2020
  • Table 4: Molybdenum production and capacity for operating mines, 2019
  • Table 5: Capacity of major molybdenum concentrates roasting plants, 2019
  • Table 6: Ferromolybdenum production capacity by major producer, 2019
  • Table 7: Estimated ferromolybdenum production, 2011-2020
  • Table 8: Major producers of molybdenum metal
  • Table 9: Major molybdenum recycling companies
  • Table 10: World molybdenum mine production, 2011-2020
  • Table 11: Consumption of primary molybdenum by region, 2011-2020
  • Table 12: Apparent consumption of molybdenum, 2011-2019
  • Table 13: Consumption of primary molybdenum by first use, 2011-2020
  • Table 14: Consumption of primary molybdenum by end-use industry, 2019
  • Table 15: Exports of raw molybdenum ores and concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Table 16: Imports of raw molybdenum ores and concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Table 17: Exports of roasted molybdenum ores and concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Table 18: Imports of roasted molybdenum ores and concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Table 19: Exports of molybdenum oxides and hydroxides, 2011-2020
  • Table 20: Imports of molybdenum oxides and hydroxides, 2011-2020
  • Table 21: Exports of ferromolybdenum, 2011-2020
  • Table 22: Imports of ferromolybdenum, 2011-2020
  • Table 23: Exports of molybdenum metal, 2011-2020
  • Table 24: Imports of molybdenum metal, 2011-2020
  • Table 25: China's State Reserve Bureau molybdenum additions
  • Table 26: Prices of raw molybdenum concentrate, EXW China, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Table 27: Raw molybdenum concentrate prices, EXW China, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Table 28: European and Chinese ferromolybdenum prices, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Table 29: Free-market molybdenum oxide and ferromolybdenum prices, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Table 30: Molybdenum oxide and metal powder, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Table 31: Molybdenum metal powder and metal prices, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Table 32: Forecast primary molybdenum consumption by first use: 2019-2030
  • Table 33: Forecast primary molybdenum consumption by region: 2019-2030
  • Table 34: Forecast molybdenum production from existing mines, 2019-2030
  • Table 35: Forecast new primary molybdenum production by country, 2020-2030
  • Table 36: Forecast base case molybdenum supply, demand and balance, 2020-2030
  • Table 37: Forecast molybdenum oxide prices, 2019-2030
  • Table 38: Forecast ferromolybdenum prices, 2019-2030
  • Table 39: Properties of molybdenum metal
  • Table 40: World reserves of molybdenum, 2019
  • Table 41: Resources and reserves at select molybdenum projects, 2019
  • Table 42: Typical ferromolybdenum product specifications
  • Table 43: Molybdenum production vs Human Freedom Index
  • Table 44: Molybdenum production vs Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index
  • Table 45: Molybdenum production vs World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index
  • Table 46: Critical raw materials identified by key Government bodies
  • Table 47: Responsible sourcing initiatives and policies, 2020
  • Table 48: Argentina: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 49: Argentina: Details of molybdenum operations and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 50: Armenia: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 51: Armenia: Details of molybdenum operations and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 52: Armenia: Molybdenum processing facilities
  • Table 53: Australia: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 54: Thor Mining: Molyhil key molybdenum production metrics
  • Table 55: Australia: Details of molybdenum operations and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 56: Austria: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 57: Austria: Molybdenum processing facilities
  • Table 58: Belgium: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 59: Brazil: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 60: Bulgaria: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 61: Canada: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 62 Canada: Details of molybdenum operations and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 63: Canada: Molybdenum processing facilities
  • Table 64: Chile: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 65: Chile: Details of molybdenum mines and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 66: China: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 67: China: Molybdenum production by province, 2013-2019
  • Table 68: Details of China State Reserve Bureau molybdenum additions
  • Table 69: China: Details of operating molybdenum mines, 2017-2019
  • Table 70: China: Major producers of roasted molybdenum concentrates, 2016
  • Table 71: Estonia: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 72: France: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 73: Germany: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 74: Germany: H.C. Starck molybdenum product range
  • Table 75: GfE Gesellschaft's molybdenum-containing products
  • Table 76: Indian ferromolybdenum production, 2011-2019
  • Table 77: India: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 78: India: Molybdenum resources, April 2014
  • Table 79: India: Ferroalloy and ferromolybdenum capacity by company, 2015
  • Table 80: Indonesia: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 81: Iran: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 82: Iran: Molybdenum processing facilities
  • Table 83: Italy: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 84: Japan: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 85: Japan: Production of molybdenum products and powder, 2013-2019
  • Table 86: Molybdenum operations with Japanese ownership, 2019
  • Table 87: Japan: Producers of molybdenum metal and ferromolybdenum products
  • Table 88: Kazakhstan: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 89: Mexico: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 90: Mexico: Details of molybdenum mines and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 91: Mexico: Molybdenum processing facilities
  • Table 92: Mongolia: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 93: Mongolia: Identified molybdenum deposits
  • Table 94: Mongolia: Details of molybdenum mines and projects, 2017-2012
  • Table 95: Mongolia: Molybdenum processing facilities
  • Table 96: Netherlands: Summary statistics
  • Table 97: First Quantum Minerals: Cobre Panama planned molybdenum production schedule, 2019-2054
  • Table 98: Peru: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 99: Peru: Details of molybdenum mines and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 100: Philippines: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 101: Poland: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 102: Russia: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 103: Russia: Main deposits of molybdenum-containing ores
  • Table 104: Russia: Details of molybdenum mines and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 105: Russia: Facilities with molybdenum processing capability
  • Table 106: Slovakia: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 107: South Africa: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 108: South Africa: Molybdenum occurrences
  • Table 109: South Korea: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 110: Spain: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 111: Sweden: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 112: Taiwan: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 113: Turkey: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 114: Ukraine: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 115: UK: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 116: USA: Summary statistics, 2013-2020
  • Table 117: USA: Details of molybdenum mines and projects, 2017-2020
  • Table 118: USA: Molybdenum processing facilities
  • Table 119: Antofagasta Operational details
  • Table 120: Los Pelambres: Resources and reserves, 2019
  • Table 121: Centinela: Resources and reserves, 2019
  • Table 122: Anglo American: Operational details
  • Table 123: Collahuasi Resources and Reserves, 2019
  • Table 124: Los Bronces: Resources and Reserves, 2019
  • Table 125: Chifeng Aolunhua Mining: Operational details
  • Table 126: China Gold Inner Mongolia Mining: Operational details
  • Table 127: China Minmetals operational details
  • Table 128: China Molybdenum: Subsidiaries and affiliated companies undertaking production, refining and sales of mineral products in China
  • Table 129: China Railway Resources: Operational details
  • Table 130: Codelco operational details
  • Table 131: Cronimet Group operational details
  • Table 132: Dexing Copper Mining: Operational details
  • Table 133: Fengning Xinyuan: Operational details
  • Table 134: Freeport McMoRan: Molybdenum operational details
  • Table 135: Climax Molybdenum: Operational details
  • Table 136: Southern Copper Corporation: Operational details
  • Table 137: Jilin Daheishan: Molybdenum operational details
  • Table 138: Jinduicheng Molybdenum operational details
  • Table 139: KGHM: Operational details
  • Table 140: Luanchuan Longyu Molybdenum: Operational details
  • Table 141: Rio Tinto operational details
  • Table 142: Bingham Canyon: Resources and reserves, 2019
  • Table 143: Shanghe molybdenum mine: Operational details
  • Table 144: Wanghegou molybdenum mine operational details
  • Table 145: Dasuji molybdenum mine: Operational details
  • Table 146: Production of crude steel by region, 2011-2019
  • Table 147: Top 50 producers of steel, 2019
  • Table 148: Apparent consumption of steel: 2013-2019
  • Table 149: True steel use (finished steel equivalent) 2007-2018
  • Table 150: Stainless steels containing molybdenum: Characteristics and applications
  • Table 151: Chemical composition of some molybdenum-containing stainless steels
  • Table 152: Production of crude stainless steel by country, 2009-2019
  • Table 153: Composition of selected full alloy steels containing molybdenum
  • Table 154: Effects of alloying additions in HSLA steels
  • Table 155: Alloying additions and properties of ASTM grades of HSLA steels
  • Table 156: World: Gas pipeline construction by region, 2011-2019
  • Table 157: HSLA pipeline steel produced by US Steel
  • Table 158: Applications for HSLA steels in automobiles
  • Table 159: Properties of high-strength and advanced high-strength steels used in automobiles
  • Table 160: Composition of typical structural steels
  • Table 161: Selection of plastic mould steels containing molybdenum
  • Table 162: Types of cold work tool steels
  • Table 163: Compositions of cold work tool and die steels containing molybdenum
  • Table 164: Compositions of molybdenum-bearing hot-work tool/die steels
  • Table 165: Composition of high-speed steels containing molybdenum
  • Table 166: Major alloy tool steel and high-speed steel producers
  • Table 167: Composition of typical carbon steel
  • Table 168: Forecast production of crude steel, 2020-2030
  • Table 169: Forecast primary molybdenum consumption in steel applications (excl. stainless), 2019-2030
  • Table 170: Forecast production of 300-series stainless steel, 2019-2030
  • Table 171: Forecast production of 400-series stainless steel, 2019-2030
  • Table 172: Primary molybdenum consumption in stainless steel, 2019-2030
  • Table 173: Primary molybdenum consumption in cast irons, 2019-2030
  • Table 174: Types of molybdenum metal and alloy products
  • Table 175: USA and Japan: Output of molybdenum powder and mill products, 2008-2019
  • Table 176: Nominal compositions of commercially available molybdenum alloys
  • Table 177: Molybdenum metal consumption, 2019-2030
  • Table 178: Elements and their function in HPA
  • Table 179: Nominal compositions of selected nickel-based HPA containing molybdenum
  • Table 180: Compositions of selected molybdenum bearing cobalt-based HPA
  • Table 181: Compositions of selected nickel-iron HPA containing molybdenum
  • Table 182: Yield strengths of selected molybdenum-bearing titanium alloys
  • Table 183: Composition, properties and applications of molybdenum-bearing titanium alloys
  • Table 184: Producers of super alloys
  • Table 185: Primary molybdenum consumption in super alloys, 2019-2030
  • Table 186: Applications of molybdenum catalysts
  • Table 187: Oil refining molybdenum catalyst formulations
  • Table 188: Japan: Production of catalysts by application, 2009-2019
  • Table 189: Producers of petroleum refining catalysts containing molybdenum
  • Table 190: Types of molybdenum metal and alloy products
  • Table 191: Types and applications of lubricants containing molybdenum
  • Table 192: Production of grease by type of thickener, 2008-2019
  • Table 193: Producers of lubricating greases
  • Table 194: Molybdate pigment types used in the ceramics industry
  • Table 195: Chemical and physical properties of molybdate corrosion inhibitors
  • Table 196: Announced national/local aims to limit internal combustion engines
  • Table 197: Primary molybdenum usage in chemicals applications, 2019-2030
  • Table 198: Deep V Recession Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 199: Prolonged Global Recession Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions,
  • 2019-2030
  • Table 200: Deep V Recession Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions,
  • 2019-2030
  • Table 201: Prolonged Global Recession Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies
  • and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 202: Deep V Recession Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions,
  • 2019-2030
  • Table 203: Prolonged Global Recession Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and
  • regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 204: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 205: Forecast inflation for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 206: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2019-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Forecast global GDP growth scenarios, 2018-2023
  • Figure 2: Molybdenum mine production, 2013-2020
  • Figure 3: Molybdenum mine production, 2019
  • Figure 4: Molybdenum production by company, 2019
  • Figure 5: Primary molybdenum consumption by region, 2013-2020
  • Figure 6: Primary molybdenum consumption by first use, 2013-2020
  • Figure 7: Exports of various molybdenum products, 2009-2019
  • Figure 8: Molybdenum oxide and ferromolybdenum price index, Q1 2009-Q2 2020 (Q1 2009=100)
  • Figure 9: Molybdenum supply, demand and prices, 2019-2030
  • Figure 10: Molybdenum flowchart
  • Figure 11: World mine molybdenum production, 1987-2020
  • Figure 12: Molybdenum mine capacity by country, 2019
  • Figure 13: Total cash and all-in sustaining cost curve for select producers, 2019
  • Figure 14: All-in sustaining costs curve by primary/by-product mine revenue stream, 2019
  • Figure 15: Molybdenum net revenue to selected copper mines, 2019
  • Figure 16: Box and whisker plot -annual pro-rata Molybdenum AISC US$/lb
  • Figure 17: Exchange rates of major molybdenum producing countries, 2015-2020 (January 2015=100)
  • Figure 18: Inflation rate of major molybdenum producing countries, 2015-2020
  • Figure 19: Key energy prices
  • Figure 20: World consumption of primary molybdenum 2011-2020
  • Figure 21: Primary molybdenum consumption, 2011-2020
  • Figure 22: Shares of molybdenum consumption by first use, 2019
  • Figure 23: Estimated molybdenum consumption by end-use industry, 2019
  • Figure 24: Intensity of use of molybdenum, 2000-2019
  • Figure 25: Scrap ratios by application, 2019
  • Figure 26: Exports of raw molybdenum concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Figure 27: Imports of raw molybdenum concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Figure 28: Raw molybdenum concentrates trade flows, 2019
  • Figure 29: Exports of roasted molybdenum concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Figure 30: Imports of roasted molybdenum concentrates, 2011-2020
  • Figure 31: Roasted molybdenum concentrate trade flows, 2019
  • Figure 32: Exports of molybdenum oxides and hydroxides, 2011-2020
  • Figure 33: Imports of molybdenum oxides and hydroxides, 2011-2020
  • Figure 34: Molybdenum oxides and hydroxides trade flows, 2019
  • Figure 35: exports of ferromolybdenum, 2011-2020
  • Figure 36: Imports of ferromolybdenum, 2011-2020
  • Figure 37: Ferromolybdenum trade flows, 2019
  • Figure 38: Exports of molybdenum metal, 2011-2020
  • Figure 39: Imports of molybdenum metal, 2011-2020
  • Figure 40: Molybdenum metal trade flows, 2019
  • Figure 41: Price structure of ferromolybdenum and molybdenum metal, 2019
  • Figure 42: Indexed price of molybdenum products, Q1 2011-Q2 2020, Q1 2011=100
  • Figure 43: Ferromolybdenum, tungsten, nickel and copper prices, Jan 2010-June 2020, Jan 2010=100
  • Figure 44: Ferromolybdenum, Brent crude and worldwide rig count, Jan 2010-June 2020, (Jan 2010=100)
  • Figure 45: Raw molybdenum concentrate prices, EXW China, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Figure 46: Molybdenum oxide prices, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Figure 47: European and Chinese ferromolybdenum prices, Q1 2011 - Q2 2020
  • Figure 48: Free-market molybdenum oxide and ferromolybdenum prices, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Figure 49: Molybdenum oxide and metal powder, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Figure 50: Molybdenum metal powder and metal parts prices, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Figure 51: Molybdenum chemicals prices, Q1 2011-Q2 2020
  • Figure 52: World: Forecast global GDP growth scenarios, 2018-2023
  • Figure 53: China: Forecast Chinese GDP growth scenarios, 2018-2023
  • Figure 54: Historical and forecast molybdenum consumption, 2011-2030
  • Figure 55: Forecast consumption of primary molybdenum by first use, 2030
  • Figure 56: Forecast primary molybdenum supply, 2011-2030
  • Figure 57: Forecast production from existing molybdenum mines, 2019-2030
  • Figure 58: Forecast production from new mines, 2020-2030
  • Figure 59: Primary molybdenum supply, demand and market balance, 2010-2019
  • Figure 60: Primary molybdenum supply, demand and market balance, 2019-2030
  • Figure 61: Forecast demand and production from existing mines, 2020-2030
  • Figure 62: Forecast demand and total forecast production, 2019-2030
  • Figure 63; Forecast supply, demand and oxide prices, 2019-2030
  • Figure 64: Forecast molybdenum oxide and ferromolybdenum prices, 2019-2030
  • Figure 65: Molybdenum resources at projects under development or exploration, 2019
  • Figure 66: Molybdenum reserves at projects under development or exploration, 2019
  • Figure 67: Molybdenum production chain
  • Figure 68: UN Sustainable Development Goals
  • Figure 69: Roskill's ESG framework
  • Figure 70: Molybdenum production by Human Freedom index quartile, 2019
  • Figure 71: Molybdenum production by Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index quartile, 2019
  • Figure 72: Molybdenum production by World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index quartile, 2019
  • Figure 73: Criticality matrix
  • Figure 74: European CRM list 2017
  • Figure 75: Argentina: production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2020
  • Figure 76: Armenia: Production and exports of molybdenum concentrates, 2013-2020
  • Figure 77: Canada: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2020
  • Figure 78: Chile: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2020
  • Figure 79: China: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2020
  • Figure 80: Iran: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2020
  • Figure 81: Kazakhstan: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2012-2020
  • Figure 82: Mexico: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2012-2020
  • Figure 83: Peru: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2020
  • Figure 84: USA: Production, exports and imports of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2020
  • Figure 85: Los Pelambres: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 86: Colluahasi: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 87: Los Bronces: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 88: Chifeng Aolunhua: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 89: China Gold Inner Mongolia Mining: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 90: Hunan Shizhuyuan: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 91: Sandaozhuang: production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 92: Yichun Luming: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2013-2019
  • Figure 93: Codelco: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 94: Karajan: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 95: Dexing Copper: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 96: Sadaigoumen: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 97: Freeport McMoRan: Production of unroasted molybdenum concentrates, 2007-2019
  • Figure 98: Grupo Mexico: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 99: Jilin Daheishan: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 100: Lanjiangou & Donggou: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 101: KGHM: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 102: Nannihu: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 103: Bingham Canyon: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 104: Shanghe: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 105: Wanghegou: Production of molybdenum concentrate, 2007-2019
  • Figure 106: Souzmetallresource: Molybdenum production, 2007-2019
  • Figure 107: Dasuji: production of molybdenum concentrate, 2012-2019
  • Figure 108: Molybdenum use in steels, 2019
  • Figure 109: World production of crude steel, 2001-2019
  • Figure 110: Production of crude steel, 2001-2019
  • Figure 111: Steel production by process, 2019
  • Figure 112: Apparent steel use per capita (2000-2018), kg crude steel
  • Figure 113: World production of stainless steel by grade, 2001-2019
  • Figure 114: World production of crude stainless steel, 2002-2019
  • Figure 115: Production of crude stainless steel by country and region, 2001-2019
  • Figure 116: Apparent consumption of stainless steel, 2001-2019
  • Figure 117: Forecast global crude steel production, 2020-2030
  • Figure 118: China: Crude steel production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 119: Crude steel production, China vs World ex-China, 2010-2030
  • Figure 120: Amount of crude steel produced with 1kt of molybdenum, 2010-2030
  • Figure 121: Stainless steel production and molybdenum use, 2019-2030
  • Figure 122: Outlook for cast iron and molybdenum, 2019-2030
  • Figure 123: Elemental effects of minor metals
  • Figure 124: Airline traffic and capacity, 2015-2030
  • Figure 125: Sales of commercial and passenger vehicles by engine type, 2019-2030
  • Figure 126: Molybdenum use in chemical applications, 2010-2030
目次

Roskill estimates that the iron and steel industry accounts for around 80% of primary molybdenum use, while superalloys, molybdenum metal and chemical uses account for the remaining 20% of primary molybdenum use.

Following a slight recovery in 2018, the molybdenum oxide price declined by 4.1% in 2019, as fears of a trade war between the USA and China hurt market sentiment. Demand dynamics swung from a three-year successive growth to a 2.4% decline in 2019, underpinned especially by markets in Europe and the USA, contributing to the price weakness over the year.

In light of the price and demand trends, molybdenum supply edged up by only 0.8% in 2019, a similar growth rate to 2018, but well down on 2017's 13.1% supply growth. China remained the world's largest producer of mined molybdenum in 2019, with production rising by 2% y-o-y, however production from Chile, the world's second-largest producer, dropped by 10%. Supply increased in the USA, Peru and Mexico, the next three-largest producers, which offset the drop from Chile.

Most molybdenum supply is produced as a by-product from the copper mining industry. In 2019, Roskill estimates that 73% was from by-product sources with only 27% of supply coming from primary molybdenum mines. These shares used to be far more evenly matched, but the industry responded to the last period of weak prices by curtailing capacity at primary mines, or by outright closures. By-product mines were far less affected by that downturn as these mines' primary focus is the copper market.

The molybdenum industry faces new challenges in 2020, as the world grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic. Various confinement measures imposed by governments across the world have resulted in a sharp slowdown in economic activity, while some mines have also been forced to operate at a reduced rate. The molybdenum oxide price has fallen by 18% y-o-y in Q1 2020 and some miners have responded by cutting back production at certain operations.

The scale of the impact that COVID-19 could have on the market is constantly evolving. Longer-term fundamentals should be supportive of the molybdenum market, however, with Roskill expecting output of steel and stainless steel to recover from 2021 onwards.

Molybdenum mine production, 2000-2019 (kt Mo)

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • To what extent are molybdenum supply and demand likely to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic?
  • How quickly is the industry likely to recover from 2019's relative weakness and from what is likely to be a very weak 2020?
  • Will the share of supply from by-product mines continue to rise?
  • What is the outlook for the steel and stainless steel industry?
  • How are prices likely to perform in the next decade?

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Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1 Molybdenum supply
  • 1.2 Molybdenum demand
  • 1.3 Molybdenum trade
  • 1.4 Molybdenum prices
  • 1.5 Molybdenum outlook

2. Molybdenum flowchart

3. World production

  • 3.1 Mine production of molybdenum
    • 3.1.1 Production by country
  • 3.2 Molybdenum mine capacity
  • 3.3 Roasted concentrate capacity
  • 3.4 Ferromolybdenum capacity
  • 3.5 Molybdenum metal and alloys
  • 3.6 Recycling and regeneration

4. Production Costs

  • 4.1 Cost of production of molybdenum
  • 4.2 Trends in production costs
  • 4.3 Conclusion

5. World consumption

  • 5.1 Consumption by region
  • 5.2 Apparent consumption of molybdenum
  • 5.3 Consumption by first use and industry
    • 5.3.1 Consumption by first use
    • 5.3.2 Consumption by industry
  • 5.4 Molybdenum intensity of use
  • 5.5 Scrap consumption

6. International trade

  • 6.1 Trade in raw molybdenum concentrates
  • 6.2 Trade in roasted molybdenum concentrates
  • 6.3 Trade in molybdenum oxides and hydroxides
  • 6.4 Trade in ferromolybdenum
  • 6.5 Trade in molybdenum metal
  • 6.6 Exchanges, warehouses and stocks
    • 6.6.1 Exchanges and warehouses
    • 6.6.2 Molybdenum stocks
      • 6.6.2.1 LME stocks
      • 6.6.2.2 China State Reserve Bureau stocks

7. Prices

  • 7.1 Molybdenum price structure and premiums
  • 7.2 Price correlations
  • 7.3 Unroasted molybdenum concentrates
  • 7.4 Technical molybdenum oxide
  • 7.5 Ferromolybdenum
  • 7.6 Molybdenum oxide and ferromolybdenum correlation
  • 7.7 Molybdenum metal
  • 7.8 Molybdenum chemicals

8. Outlook

  • 8.1 COVID-19
  • 8.2 Outlook for molybdenum demand
  • 8.3 Outlook for molybdenum supply
    • 8.3.1 Outlook for existing mines
    • 8.3.2 Outlook for new capacity
  • 8.4 Outlook for market balance
    • 8.4.1 Market balance with existing mine supply only
    • 8.4.2 Market balance with forecast supply
  • 8.5 Molybdenum price outlook
    • 8.5.1 Molybdenum oxide price outlook
    • 8.5.2 Ferromolybdenum price outlook

9. Background

  • 9.1 Properties, occurrence and reserves of molybdenum
    • 9.1.1 Properties
    • 9.1.2 Occurrence and mineralogy
    • 9.1.3 Reserves and resources
    • 9.1.4 Molybdenum mining and production processes
      • 9.1.4.1 Technical grade molybdenum oxide (TMO)
      • 9.1.4.2 Molybdenum Autoclave Process
      • 9.1.4.3 Ferromolybdenum
      • 9.1.4.4 Other commercial forms of molybdenum
    • 9.1.5 Recycling of molybdenum

10. Sustainability

  • 10.1 Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)
    • 10.1.1 Environmental
      • 10.1.1.1 Energy consumption and emissions
      • 10.1.1.2 IMO shipping regulations
      • 10.1.1.3 Biodiversity and land use
    • 10.1.2 Social
      • 10.1.2.1 Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)
      • 10.1.2.2 Human rights
    • 10.1.3 Governance
      • 10.1.3.1 Corruption
      • 10.1.3.2 Ease of Doing Business (EoDB)
  • 10.2 Critical raw materials
  • 10.3 Responsible sourcing initiatives
    • 10.3.1 Global Reporting Initiative
    • 10.3.2 Responsible Mining Index
    • 10.3.3 Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance

11. Country profiles

  • 11.1 Argentina
    • 11.1.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.1.2 Mines and projects
  • 11.2 Armenia
    • 11.2.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.2.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.2.3 Processing facilities
  • 11.3 Australia
    • 11.3.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.3.2 Mines and projects
  • 11.4 Austria
    • 11.4.1 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.5 Belgium
    • 11.5.1 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.6 Brazil
    • 11.6.1 Resources and reserves
  • 11.7 Bulgaria
  • 11.8 Canada
    • 11.8.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.8.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.8.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.9 Chile
    • 11.9.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.9.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.9.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.10 China
    • 11.10.1 Molybdenum stocks in China
    • 11.10.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.10.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.11 Colombia
  • 11.12 Ecuador
  • 11.13 Estonia
  • 11.14 France
  • 11.15 Germany
    • 11.15.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.15.2 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.16 India
    • 11.16.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.16.2 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.17 Indonesia
  • 11.18 Iran
    • 11.18.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.18.2 Molybdenum mines and projects
    • 11.18.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.19 Italy
  • 11.20 Japan
    • 11.20.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.20.2 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.21 Kazakhstan
    • 11.21.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.21.2 Mines and projects
  • 11.22 Mexico
    • 11.22.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.22.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.22.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.23 Mongolia
    • 11.23.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.23.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.23.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.24 The Netherlands
    • 11.24.1 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.25 North Korea
    • 11.25.1 Molybdenum mines and projects
  • 11.26 Pakistan
  • 11.27 Panama
    • 11.27.1 Molybdenum mines and projects
  • 11.28 Papua New Guinea
    • 11.28.1 Mines and projects
  • 11.29 Peru
    • 11.29.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.29.2 Mines and projects
  • 11.30 Philippines
    • 11.30.1 Mines and projects
  • 11.31 Poland
    • 11.31.1 Mines and projects
    • 11.31.2 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.32 Russia
    • 11.32.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.32.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.32.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.33 Slovakia
    • 11.33.1 Mines and projects
  • 11.34 South Africa
  • 11.35 South Korea
    • 11.35.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.35.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.35.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.36 Spain
  • 11.37 Sweden
    • 11.37.1 Mines and projects
  • 11.38 Taiwan
  • 11.39 Turkey
    • 11.39.1 Mines and projects
  • 11.40 Ukraine
  • 11.41 United Kingdom
    • 11.41.1 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.42 USA
    • 11.42.1 Resources and reserves
    • 11.42.2 Mines and projects
    • 11.42.3 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.43 Uzbekistan
    • 11.43.1 Molybdenum processing facilities
  • 11.44 Vietnam
    • 11.44.1 Molybdenum processing facilities

12. Company profiles

  • 12.1 Antofagasta
    • 12.1.1 Los Pelambres
    • 12.1.2 Centinela
  • 12.2 Anglo American
    • 12.2.1 Compañía Minera Doña Inés de Collahuasi (CMDIC)
    • 12.2.2 Anglo American Sur
    • 12.2.3 Los Bronces
  • 12.3 Chifeng Aolunhua Mining
  • 12.4 China Gold Inner Mongolia Mining
  • 12.5 China Minmetals
    • 12.5.1 Hunan Shizhuyuan Nonferrous Metals
    • 12.5.2 Galeno
  • 12.6 China Molybdenum
    • 12.6.1 Sandaozhuang
    • 12.6.2 Shangfanggou
    • 12.6.3 Donggebi
  • 12.7 China Railway Resources
  • 12.8 Codelco
    • 12.8.1 Andina
    • 12.8.2 Chuquicamata
    • 12.8.3 El Salvador
    • 12.8.4 El Teniente
    • 12.8.5 Radomiro Tomic
    • 12.8.6 Molyb
  • 12.9 Cronimet
  • 12.10 Dexing Copper Mining
  • 12.11 Fengning Xinyuan
  • 12.12 Freeport McMoRan
    • 12.12.1 Henderson
    • 12.12.2 Bagdad, Sierrita, Morenci and Chino
    • 12.12.3 Cerro Verde
    • 12.12.4 Climax
      • 12.12.4.1 Fort Madison processing facility
      • 12.12.4.2 Climax Technology Center, Sahuarita
      • 12.12.4.3 Rotterdam plant
      • 12.12.4.4 Climax Stowmarket
  • 12.13 Grupo Mexico
    • 12.13.1 Southern Copper Corporation (SCC)
    • 12.13.2 Minera Mexico
      • 12.13.2.1 Buenavista
      • 12.13.2.2 La Caridad
    • 12.13.3 Southern Copper Corporation Peru Branch (SCPB)
      • 12.13.3.1 Cuajone
      • 12.13.3.2 Toquepala
      • 12.13.3.3 Los Chancas
      • 12.13.3.4 Michiquillay
  • 12.14 Jilin Daheishan Molybdenum Industry
  • 12.15 Jinduicheng Molybdenum
  • 12.16 KGHM Polska Miedz
    • 12.16.1 KGHM International
      • 12.16.1.1 Robinson
    • 12.16.2 Sierra Gorda SCM
      • 12.16.2.1 Sierra Gorda
  • 12.17 Luanchuan Longyu Molybdenum
  • 12.18 Rio Tinto
    • 12.18.1 Bingham Canyon
    • 12.18.2 Resolution Copper
    • 12.18.3 La Granja
  • 12.19 Shaanxi Ligeance Mineral Resources
  • 12.20 Shaanxi Luonan Jiulong Mining
  • 12.21 Souzmetallresource
    • 12.21.1 Sorsk Mining and metallurgical Complex
      • 12.21.1.1 Agaskyr
    • 12.21.2 Sorsk Ferromolybdenum Plant
    • 12.21.3 Zhireken Mining and Metallurgical Complex
    • 12.21.4 Zhireken Ferromolybdenum Plant
  • 12.22 Zhongxi Moly Mining

13. Consumption of molybdenum by first use

  • 13.1 Steel applications
    • 13.1.1 Historical trends in steel
      • 13.1.1.1 Historical steel production
      • 13.1.1.2 Production process
      • 13.1.1.3 Main steel producers
      • 13.1.1.4 Consumption of steel
    • 13.1.2 Stainless steels
      • 13.1.2.1 Grades of stainless steel
      • 13.1.2.2 Historical stainless steel production
      • 13.1.2.3 Consumption of stainless steel
    • 13.1.3 Alloy engineering steels
      • 13.1.3.1 Full alloy steels
      • 13.1.3.2 Types of full alloy steels
      • 13.1.3.3 HSLA steels
      • 13.1.3.4 Pipeline steels
      • 13.1.3.5 Transport steels
      • 13.1.3.6 Structural steels
      • 13.1.3.7 Other HSLA steels
    • 13.1.4 Tool and high-speed steels
      • 13.1.4.1 Types of tool and high-speed steel
      • 13.1.4.2 Production of tool steels
      • 13.1.4.3 Consumption of tool steels
    • 13.1.5 Carbon steel
      • 13.1.5.1 Definition and composition
      • 13.1.5.2 Markets for carbon steel
      • 13.1.5.3 Substitution
    • 13.1.6 Outlook for steel production
      • 13.1.6.1 Crude steel
    • 13.1.7 China: Is the country reaching a peak?
    • 13.1.8 Which are the future growth areas?
      • 13.1.8.1 Outlook for molybdenum consumption in steel
    • 13.1.9 Outlook for stainless steel
      • 13.1.9.1 Outlook for molybdenum in stainless steel
  • 13.2 Cast iron
    • 13.2.1 Types of cast iron
    • 13.2.2 Use of molybdenum in cast iron
    • 13.2.3 Production of cast iron
    • 13.2.4 Outlook for cast iron and molybdenum use
  • 13.3 Molybdenum metal and molybdenum-based alloys
    • 13.3.1 Types of molybdenum-base alloys
    • 13.3.2 Applications of molybdenum metal and alloys
      • 13.3.2.1 LCD Panels and solar cells
      • 13.3.2.2 Lighting industry
      • 13.3.2.3 Electronics industry
      • 13.3.2.4 Materials processing and thermal spray coating
      • 13.3.2.5 High-temperatures furnaces and equipment
      • 13.3.2.6 Glass manufacturing
      • 13.3.2.7 Aerospace and defence
      • 13.3.2.8 Nuclear industry
    • 13.3.3 Outlook for molybdenum metal
  • 13.4 High-performance alloys (HPA)
    • 13.4.1 Definition and composition
    • 13.4.2 Types of molybdenum-bearing HPA
      • 13.4.2.1 Nickel-based HPA
      • 13.4.2.2 Cobalt-based HPA
      • 13.4.2.3 Iron-nickel-based HPA
      • 13.4.2.4 Titanium-based alloys
    • 13.4.3 Markets for HPA
      • 13.4.3.1 Aerospace applications
      • 13.4.3.2 Non-aerospace applications
    • 13.4.4 Production of HPA
    • 13.4.5 Outlook for molybdenum in High Performance Alloys
  • 13.5 Chemical applications
    • 13.5.1 Catalysts
      • 13.5.1.1 Use and types of molybdenum-bearing catalysts
      • 13.5.1.2 Producers of molybdenum catalysts
      • 13.5.1.3 Catalyst regeneration and recycling
      • 13.5.1.4 Regenerators and recyclers of molybdenum-bearing catalysts
    • 13.5.2 Greases and lubricants
      • 13.5.2.1 Types of greases
      • 13.5.2.2 Grease and lubricant production and producers
    • 13.5.3 Pigments and corrosion inhibitors
      • 13.5.3.1 Pigments
      • 13.5.3.2 Corrosion inhibitors
    • 13.5.4 Other chemical uses of molybdenum
    • 13.5.5 Outlook for chemical applications

14. Macro economic outlook

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