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シリコンおよびフェロシリコン:2029年までの展望 (第17版)

Silicon & Ferrosilicon: Outlook to 2029, 17th Edition

出版日: | 発行: Roskill Information Services | ページ情報: 英文 | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

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シリコンおよびフェロシリコン:2029年までの展望 (第17版)
出版日: 2020年05月05日
発行: Roskill Information Services
ページ情報: 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
担当者のコメント
Roskill Information Services より シリコンおよびフェロシリコン:2029年までの展望 (第17版) が発行されました。当レポートでは、世界のシリコンおよびフェロシリコン市場について調査分析し、世界の生産・消費動向、生産コスト、国際取引、価格、今後の展望などを示しています。
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

金属シリコンおよびフェロシリコンの価格は、2018年の初めに最も最近のピークに達し、その後ほぼ2年間で急激な下落に転じました。ほとんどの地域の価格は、2019年後半にようやく底打ちし、最近再び上昇し始めました。金属シリコンおよびフェロシリコンの場合、2019年後半以降の緩やかな価格回復は、これまで消費の伸びの改善というよりは供給の逼迫によって後押しされてきました。中国やその他の国で、多くの生産能力が使用されていません。双方のコモディティの需要の伸びは2019年の水準を明らかに下回り、年が進むにつれて弱まりました。

当レポートでは、世界のシリコンおよびフェロシリコン市場について調査分析し、世界の生産・消費動向、生産コスト、国際取引、価格、今後の展望などを示しています。

目次

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 シリコンのフローチャート

第3章 世界の生産

  • 金属シリコンの製造
  • フェロシリコンの製造

第4章 生産コスト

  • 電気代
  • 還元コスト
  • 石英のコスト
  • 電極のコスト
  • 鉄のコスト
  • 労働コスト
  • 金属シリコンのコスト曲線
  • フェロシリコンのコスト曲線

第5章 世界の消費

  • 金属シリコンの世界消費量
  • フェロシリコンの世界消費量

第6章 国際取引

  • アンチダンピング関税、輸出入税
  • 金属シリコンの国際貿易
  • 高純度シリコンの国際貿易
  • シリコンを55%以上含むフェロシリコンの国際貿易
  • シリコンを55%未満含むフェロシリコンの国際貿易

第7章 価格

  • 金属シリコンの価格
  • フェロシリコンの価格

第8章 展望

  • 消費の見通し
    • 金属シリコンの消費量の見通し
    • フェロシリコンの消費見通し
  • 生産の見通し
    • 金属シリコンの生産見通し
    • フェロシリコン生産の見通し
  • 価格の見通し

第9章 背景

  • 金属シリコンとフェロシリコンの産出・歴史・性質
  • シリコンの産出と資源
  • シリコンの性質
  • 金属シリコンとフェロシリコンの製造工程とグレード

第10章 国のプロファイル

  • アルゼンチン
  • オーストラリア
  • ブータン
  • ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ
  • ブラジル
  • ブルガリア
  • カナダ
  • チリ
  • 中国
  • エジプト
  • フランス
  • ドイツ
  • アイスランド
  • インド
  • イラン
  • イタリア
  • 日本
  • カザフスタン
  • 韓国
  • ラオス
  • マケドニア
  • マレーシア
  • オランダ
  • ニュージーランド
  • ノルウェー
  • パラグアイ
  • フィリピン
  • ポーランド
  • ルーマニア
  • ロシア
  • サウジアラビア
  • スロバキア
  • スロベニア
  • 南アフリカ
  • スペイン
  • スウェーデン
  • 台湾
  • タイ
  • トルコ
  • ウクライナ
  • 英国
  • 米国
  • ウルグアイ
  • ウズベキスタン
  • ベネズエラ

第11章 企業プロファイル (53社)

第12章 最終用途

  • アルミニウム合金における金属シリコンの使用
  • シリコーンにおける金属シリコンの使用
  • 多結晶シリコンの製造における金属シリコンの使用
  • 太陽電池における金属シリコンの利用
  • 半導体における金属シリコンの利用
  • 金属シリコンのその他の用途
  • マイクロシリカ
  • 鉄鋼におけるフェロシリコンの使用
  • 鋳鉄におけるフェロシリコンの使用
  • マグネシウムにおけるフェロシリコンの使用
  • フェロシリコンのその他の用途

第13章 マクロ経済見通し

図表

List of Tables

  • Table 1: World: Production of silicon metal by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 2: World: Production of silicon metal by principal country, 2010-2019
  • Table 3: World: Silicon metal production capacity by country and company, 2020
  • Table 4: World: Production of ferrosilicon by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 5: World: Production of ferrosilicon by principal country, 2010-2019
  • Table 6: World: Ferrosilicon production capacity by country and company, 2020
  • Table 7: World: Apparent and real consumption of silicon metal, 2011-2019
  • Table 8: World: Apparent and real consumption of ferrosilicon, 2011-2019
  • Table 9: International trade in silicon and ferrosilicon, 2011-2019
  • Table 10: Reporting countries: Exports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), 2014-2019
  • Table 11: Reporting countries: Imports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), 2014-2019
  • Table 12: Exports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), 2019
  • Table 13: Reporting countries: Exports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%), 2014-2019
  • Table 14: Reporting countries: Imports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%), 2014-2019
  • Table 15: Exports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%), by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 16: Reporting countries: Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si 2014-2019
  • Table 17: Reporting countries: Imports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si 2014-2019
  • Table 18: Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si, by country of destination 2019
  • Table 19: Reporting countries: Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si 2014-2019
  • Table 20: Reporting countries: Imports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si 2014-2019
  • Table 21: Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si, by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 22: Annual silicon metal spot prices by principal market, 2000-2020
  • Table 23: Annual average standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices by principal market, 2000-2020
  • Table 24: Actual and forecast real consumption of silicon metal by end-use, 2000-2029
  • Table 25: Actual and forecast real consumption of ferrosilicon by end-use, 2000-2029
  • Table 26: Forecast production of crude steel, 2019-2029
  • Table 27: Scenario forecast production of crude steel, 2019-2029
  • Table 28: Forecast crude stainless steel production, 2019-2029
  • Table 29: World: Planned new silicon metal and ferrosilicon capacity
  • Table 30: Actual and forecast silicon metal production by country, 2019 and 2029
  • Table 31: Actual and forecast ferrosilicon production by country, 2019 and 2029
  • Table 32: Actual and forecast silicon metal spot prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 33: Actual and forecast standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices, 2000-2029
  • Table 34: Thermal and mechanical properties of silicon
  • Table 35: Specifications of quartz ores for silicon metal and ferrosilicon production
  • Table 36: Typical silicon metal grade specifications (US market)
  • Table 37: Argentina: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 38: Australia: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 39: Bhutan: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 40: Bosnia-Herzegovina: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 41: Brazil: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 42: Canada: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 43: China: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 44: China: Silicon metal effective capacity by producer, 2020
  • Table 45: China: Ferrosilicon effective capacity by producer, 2020
  • Table 46: Egypt: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 47: France: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 48: Germany: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 49: Iceland: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 50: India: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 51: India: Identified ferrosilicon producing companies and capacities, 2020
  • Table 52: Iran: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 53: Italy: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 54: Japan: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 55: Kazakhstan: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 56: South Korea: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 57: Laos: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 58: Macedonia: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 59: Malaysia: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 60: Netherlands: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 61: Norway: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 62: Paraguay: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 63: Poland: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 64: Russia: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 65: Slovakia: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 66: Slovenia: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 67: South Africa: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 68: Spain: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 69: Sweden: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 70: Taiwan: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 71: Thailand: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 72: Turkey: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 73: Ukraine: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 74: UK: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 75: USA: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 76: Venezuela: Summary statistics, 2014-2019
  • Table 77: Andina: Summary
  • Table 78: Asia Minerals: Summary
  • Table 79: Bhutan Ferro Alloys: Summary
  • Table 80: Bozel: Summary
  • Table 81: Changji Jisheng: Summary
  • Table 82: Dow Corning: Summary
  • Table 83: Dow Corning: Summary of silicon metal operations
  • Table 84: Egyptian Chemical Industries: Summary
  • Table 85: EFACO: Summary
  • Table 86: Elkem: Summary
  • Table 87: Elkem: Summary of silicon metal and ferrosilicon operations
  • Table 88: Erdos: Summary
  • Table 89: ERG: Summary
  • Table 90: Ferbasa: Summary
  • Table 91: Ferroglobe: Summary
  • Table 92: Ferroglobe: Summary of silicon metal and ferrosilicon operations
  • Table 93: Ferosilicc Gharb: Summary
  • Table 94: Finnfjord: Summary
  • Table 95: GS Energy: Summary
  • Table 96: Hoshine: Summary
  • Table 97: Inonibras: Summary
  • Table 98: Iran Ferro Alloys: Summary
  • Table 99: Iran Ferrosilice Co: Summary
  • Table 100: Italmagnesio: Summary
  • Table 101: Jugohrom: Summary
  • Table 102: Kaz Silicon: Summary
  • Table 103: Kumba Ferro Alloys: Summary
  • Table 104: LIASA: Summary
  • Table 105: LIBRA: Summary
  • Table 106: Mechel: Summary
  • Table 107: Metalleghe: Summary
  • Table 108: Minasligas: Summary
  • Table 109: Nova Era Silicon: Summary
  • Table 110: Novolipetsk Steel: Summary
  • Table 111: OFZ: Summary
  • Table 112: OM Holdings: Summary
  • Table 113: PCC Bakki: Summary
  • Table 114: Press Metal: Summary
  • Table 115: Privat: Summary
  • Table 116: Re Alloys: Summary
  • Table 117: RIMA: Summary
  • Table 118: Rusal: Summary
  • Table 119: Russian Ferro Alloys: Summary
  • Table 120: Russian Ferro Alloys: Summary of ferrosilicon operations
  • Table 121: RW Silicium: Summary
  • Table 122: Shin Etsu: Summary
  • Table 123: SICA New Materials: Summary
  • Table 124: Simpac: Summary
  • Table 125: Siyanda-Inkwali Resources: Summary
  • Table 126: Steelmin: Summary
  • Table 127: Tau-Ken Temir: Summary
  • Table 128: United Silicon: Summary
  • Table 129: Wacker-Chemie: Summary
  • Table 130: Wuhai Junzheng: Summary
  • Table 131: Xallas Electricidad y Aleaciones: Summary
  • Table 132: YDD Corporation: Summary
  • Table 133: Yunnan Yongchang: Summary
  • Table 134: World: Estimated silicon content of aluminium output by region, 2012-2019
  • Table 135: Reporting countries: Production of aluminium castings, 2010-2019
  • Table 136: Compositions of the major aluminium alloys used in motor vehicles
  • Table 137: Applications of aluminium alloys containing silicon in automobiles
  • Table 138: World: Production of passenger vehicles by region, 2010-2019
  • Table 139: World: Production of light commercial vehicles by region, 2010-2019
  • Table 140: Europe: Aluminium content of new cars per application, 2016-2025
  • Table 141: Consumption of silicon metal in silicone production, 2019
  • Table 142: Global polysilicon capacity by producer, 2012-2020
  • Table 143: World: Production of solar cells by region, 2010-2019
  • Table 144: Global shipments of silicon semiconductor wafers, 2010-2019
  • Table 145: Average silicon content in various steel groups, 2019
  • Table 146: Production of crude steel, 2009-2019
  • Table 147: Production of stainless steel, 2012-2019
  • Table 148: World: Production of cast iron by country, 2011-2019
  • Table 149: World: Production of cast iron by type, 1992-2019
  • Table 150: Chemical specifications for cast iron (%)
  • Table 151: Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 152: Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 153: Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 154: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 155: Forecast inflation for top-30 economies and regions, 2019-2030
  • Table 156: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2019-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Silicon metal consumption by end-use, 2000-2029
  • Figure 2: World: Silicon metal production by major country, 2000-2019
  • Figure 3: Actual and forecast silicon metal spot prices, 2000-2029
  • Figure 4: World: Ferrosilicon consumption by end-use, 2000-2029
  • Figure 5: World: Ferrosilicon production by major country, 2000-2019
  • Figure 6: Actual and forecast standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices, 2000-2029
  • Figure 7: Silicon and Ferrosilicon flowchart
  • Figure 8: World: Production of silicon metal and ferrosilicon, 2019
  • Figure 9: World: Silicon metal production, 1985-2019
  • Figure 10: World: Production of silicon metal, 2000-2019
  • Figure 11: World excluding China: Production of silicon metal, 2000-2019
  • Figure 12: World: Silicon metal production by principal country, 2019
  • Figure 13: World: Top-20 global silicon metal producers by capacity, 2020
  • Figure 14: World: Ferrosilicon production, 1985-2019
  • Figure 15: World: Ferrosilicon production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 16: World excluding China: Ferrosilicon production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 17: World: Ferrosilicon production by principal country, 2019
  • Figure 18: World: Top-20 global ferrosilicon producers by capacity, 2020
  • Figure 19: Silicon metal and ferrosilicon ex-plant cash production costs by component, global average, 2019
  • Figure 20: Global average silicon metal and ferrosilicon ex-plant cash production costs 2013-2019
  • Figure 21: Average electricity tariffs for ferroalloy producers, 2013-2019
  • Figure 22: Average spot prices for energy coal and charcoal, 2013-2019 (index, January 2009=100)
  • Figure 23: Spanish quartzite export prices, monthly, 2013-2019
  • Figure 24: Import prices for baked electrodes, 2013-2019
  • Figure 25: Norway: Export prices for paste electrodes, 2013-2019
  • Figure 26: Average spot prices for iron ore pellets, 2013-2019
  • Figure 27: Exchange rate movements versus US$, 2006-2019 (index, 2006=100)
  • Figure 28: Global ex-plant cash cost curve for silicon metal, 2019
  • Figure 29: Silicon metal ex-plant cash costs by region and component, 2019
  • Figure 30: Global ex-plant cash cost curve for ferrosilicon, 2019
  • Figure 31: Ferrosilicon ex-plant cash costs by region and component, 2019
  • Figure 32: World: Silicon metal real consumption by end-use, 2019
  • Figure 33: World: Silicon metal real consumption by end-use, 2000-2019
  • Figure 34: World: Apparent consumption of silicon metal by region compared with real consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 35: World: Ferrosilicon real consumption by end-use, 2019
  • Figure 36: World: Ferrosilicon real consumption by end-use, 2000-2019
  • Figure 37: World: Apparent consumption of ferrosilicon by region compared with real consumption, 2000-2019
  • Figure 38: World: Top-5 exporting and importing countries for silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), 2019
  • Figure 39: Exports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%) by five largest exporting countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 40: Imports of silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%) by five largest importing countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 41: Export graphic for silicon metal (Si content less than 99.99%), 2019
  • Figure 42: World: Top-5 exporting and importing countries for high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%), 2019
  • Figure 43: Exports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by five largest exporting countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 44: Imports of high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%) by five largest importing countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 45: Export graphic for high-purity silicon (Si content more than 99.99%), 2019
  • Figure 46: World: Top-5 exporting and importing countries for ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si, 2019
  • Figure 47: Exports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by five largest exporting countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 48: Imports of ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si by five largest importing countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 49: Export graphic for ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si, 2019
  • Figure 50: World: Top-5 exporting and importing countries for ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si, 2019
  • Figure 51: Exports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by five largest exporting countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 52: Imports of ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si by five largest importing countries, 2011-2019
  • Figure 53: Export graphic for ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si, 2019
  • Figure 54: Ratio of silicon metal prices to ferrosilicon prices, 1995-2020
  • Figure 55: USA: Comparison of average silicon metal and high-grade silicon prices, 2010-2020
  • Figure 56: USA: Average prices for silicon metal, nominal and real terms, 1977-2020
  • Figure 57: Monthly average spot prices for silicon metal, 2010-2020
  • Figure 58: Average silicon metal prices, 2019
  • Figure 59: Silicon metal prices and average production costs, 2007-2019
  • Figure 60: USA: Average prices for standard 75% ferrosilicon, nominal and real terms, 1977-2020
  • Figure 61: Monthly average spot prices for standard 75% ferrosilicon, 2010-2020
  • Figure 62: Ferrosilicon prices and average production costs, 2007-2019
  • Figure 63: World: Actual and forecast new photovoltaic solar installations, 2000-2023
  • Figure 64: Scenario forecast production of crude steel, 2019-2029
  • Figure 65: Stainless steel apparent consumption forecast, 2019-2029
  • Figure 66: Forecast crude stainless steel production, 2019-2029
  • Figure 67: World: Silicon metal market balance, 2000-2019
  • Figure 68: World: Ferrosilicon market balance, 2000-2019
  • Figure 69: Correlation of silicon metal and ferrosilicon spot prices with energy coal prices, 2000-2020
  • Figure 70: Actual and future energy coal prices, 2012-2023
  • Figure 71: Actual and forecast silicon metal spot prices, 2000-2029
  • Figure 72: Actual and forecast standard 75% ferrosilicon spot prices, 2000-2029
  • Figure 73: China: Silicon metal production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 74: China: Ferrosilicon production, 2000-2019
  • Figure 75: China: Silicon metal exports (Si<99.99%), 2000-2019
  • Figure 76: China: Silicon metal exports (Si<99.99%) by destination, 2019
  • Figure 77: China: Ferrosilicon exports, 2000-2019
  • Figure 78: China: Ferrosilicon exports by destination, 2019
  • Figure 79: China: Silicon metal effective capacity by province, 2020
  • Figure 80: China: Silicon metal redundant capacity by province, 2020
  • Figure 81: China: Estimated average electricity tariffs for ferroalloy production by province, 2019
  • Figure 82: China: Ferrosilicon effective capacity by province, 2020
  • Figure 83: China: Ferrosilicon redundant capacity by province, 2020
  • Figure 84: Global silicon metal consumption in aluminium, 2000-2019
  • Figure 85: World: Production of aluminium, 2004-2019
  • Figure 86: World: Production of aluminium by region, 2010-2019
  • Figure 87: World: Average Si content of aluminium production vs. percentage of world aluminium output which is cast, 2004-2019
  • Figure 88: World: Percentage of Si consumption in aluminium added as scrap, 2004-2019
  • Figure 89: World: Production of cast aluminium by region, 2007-2019
  • Figure 90: World: Estimated division of aluminium consumption by region and end-use, 2019
  • Figure 91: North America: Aluminium consumption, percentage share by end-use, 1960-2019
  • Figure 92: World: Aluminium shipments by product type and end-use, 2019
  • Figure 93: Estimated silicon metal consumption in aluminium alloys by end-use, 2019
  • Figure 94: North America: Aluminium consumption in motor vehicles, 2018
  • Figure 95: World: Production of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles by major region, 2000-2019
  • Figure 96: Average aluminium content of cars, 1990-2028
  • Figure 97: World: CO2 emissions per passenger car, 2000-2030
  • Figure 98: Europe: Average aluminium content of new cars by segment, 2016-2025
  • Figure 99: Europe: Aluminium consumption in new cars by alloy type, 2012-2025
  • Figure 100: Upside and downside scenarios for plug-in passenger cars, 2019-2029
  • Figure 101: Forecast sales of electric vehicles 2019-2029
  • Figure 102: Global silicon metal consumption in silicones, 2000-2019
  • Figure 103: Silicone consumption vs. GDP per capita
  • Figure 104: World silicone consumption by end-use
  • Figure 105: World: Silicone market share by supplier
  • Figure 106: Global silicon metal consumption in polysilicon, 2000-2019
  • Figure 107: World: Polysilicon capacity by country vs. global production, 2005-2020
  • Figure 108: World: Polysilicon market share by supplier
  • Figure 109: World: Production of solar cells by type, 2007-2019
  • Figure 110: Silicon content in Lithium-ion battery anodes
  • Figure 111: World: Ferrosilicon consumption in steel, 2000-2019
  • Figure 112: World: Silicon units contained within global steel output by source, 2000-2019
  • Figure 113: Europe: Price of SiMn versus price of equivalent quantity of FeSi and HC FeMn, 2000-2020
  • Figure 114: Discount for SiMn price relative to price of an equivalent quantity of FeSi and HC FeMn, 2000-2020
  • Figure 115: Global crude steel production, 2009-2019
  • Figure 116: Apparent consumption of stainless steel, 2001-2019
  • Figure 117: Stainless steel production by region, 2001-2019
  • Figure 118: Stainless steel production by series, 2001-2019
  • Figure 119: World: Production of electrical steel by region, 2000-2019
  • Figure 120: World: Consumption of ferrosilicon in cast iron, 2000-2019
  • Figure 121: World: Cast iron production by major country, 2018
  • Figure 122: Share of global cast iron production by type, 1992-2019
  • Figure 123: World: Ferrosilicon consumption in magnesium, 2000-2019
  • Figure 124: Primary magnesium production in China and Brazil, 2000-2019
  • Figure 125: World: Magnesium consumption by application, 2018
目次

Silicon metal and ferrosilicon are very similar with regard to production process and the geography of world output, but are very different in terms of their applications. Silicon metal is used in the manufacture of aluminium alloys, silicones, semiconductors and, increasingly, in photovoltaic solar applications. In contrast, over 85% of ferrosilicon is consumed in the production of iron and steel.

Prices for both silicon metal and ferrosilicon reached their most recent peak at the beginning of 2018, then went into a sharp decline for almost two years. Prices in most regions finally bottomed out in the latter months of 2019, and have recently started to move up again. The modest price recovery since late-2019 has thus far been fuelled by tight supply rather than improved consumption growth, in the case of both silicon metal and ferrosilicon. Numerous capacity has been idled, both in China and elsewhere. Demand growth for both commodities was decidedly below par in 2019 and weakened as the year progressed.

For how long will idled capacity remain offline, and for how long will consumption growth remain subdued? These are key questions in of themselves, and to a certain extent will also determine the potential for continued price recovery. That said, beyond the short term, prices for both silicon metal and ferrosilicon both tend to be primarily cost-driven.

World production of both silicon metal and ferrosilicon is dominated by China; in 2019, China accounted for 70% of world silicon metal production, and for 66% of global ferrosilicon output. However, Chinese production of these products is following a different trajectory. Chinese ferrosilicon production has been subject to increasingly stringent government controls on overcapacity and emissions, whilst the country's silicon metal capacity and output has been permitted to increase substantially. The extent to which this will remain the case over the coming decade will be of key importance to the market outlook.

Over the past decade, consumption growth for silicon metal has diverged significantly from that for ferrosilicon. The reason for this lies in the different end-use sectors which drive demand for these alloys. Global silicon metal consumption grew 6.5%py between 2010 and 2019, supported by strong growth in all of its main end-use sectors, especially solar, in spite of the slowdown in demand growth in 2019. Consumption in solar applications more than tripled between 2010 and 2019.

In contrast, global ferrosilicon consumption was 7% higher in 2010 than it was in 2019, despite the fact that world crude steel output grew by 30% over the same period. The main reasons for this decline in ferrosilicon consumption have been a trend towards using less ferrosilicon per tonne of crude steel in China, and very slow growth in world output of iron castings.

Experts will answer your questions:

  • Will future growth in silicon metal consumption be met primarily by continued growth in Chinese output, or will significant new production outside China be required?
  • Will silicon metal consumption growth return to normal following a below par year in 2019? What is the outlook for steel production and ferrosilicon consumption over the coming decade?
  • How will the expected shift of the automotive market towards electric vehicles impact the silicon metal and ferrosilicon markets?
  • To what extent will control and regulation of Chinese output drive the silicon metal and ferrosilicon markets?
  • How do anti-dumping duties and export taxes impact the silicon metal and ferrosilicon markets currently, and how are these likely to develop in the coming years?
  • What is the outlook for prices and production costs?

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Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

  • 1.1 Silicon metal
    • 1.1.1 Silicon metal consumption
    • 1.1.2 Silicon metal production
    • 1.1.3 Silicon metal prices
  • 1.2 Ferrosilicon
    • 1.2.1 Ferrosilicon consumption
    • 1.2.2 Ferrosilicon production
    • 1.2.3 Ferrosilicon prices

2. Silicon & Ferrosilicon flowchart

3. World production

  • 3.1 Silicon metal production
    • 3.1.1 Silicon metal producing companies and capacities
  • 3.2 Ferrosilicon production
    • 3.2.1 Ferrosilicon producing companies and capacities

4. Production Costs

  • 4.1 Electricity costs
  • 4.2 Reductant costs
  • 4.3 Quartzite costs
  • 4.4 Electrode costs
  • 4.5 Iron costs
  • 4.6 Labour costs
  • 4.7 Cost curves for silicon metal
  • 4.8 Cost curves for ferrosilicon

5. World consumption

  • 5.1 World consumption of silicon metal
  • 5.2 World consumption of ferrosilicon

6. International trade

  • 6.1 Anti-dumping duties, import and export taxes
  • 6.2 International trade in silicon metal
  • 6.3 International trade in high-purity silicon
  • 6.4 International trade in ferrosilicon containing more than 55% Si
  • 6.5 International trade in ferrosilicon containing less than 55% Si

7. Prices

  • 7.1 Silicon metal prices
    • 7.1.1 Historical price trends for silicon metal
  • 7.2 Ferrosilicon prices
    • 7.2.1 Historical price trends for ferrosilicon

8. Outlook

  • 8.1 Outlook for consumption
    • 8.1.1 Outlook for consumption of silicon metal
      • 8.1.1.1 Outlook for consumption of silicon metal in aluminium alloys
      • 8.1.1.2 Outlook for consumption of silicon metal in silicones
      • 8.1.1.3 Outlook for consumption of silicon metal in polycrystalline silicon
    • 8.1.2 Outlook for consumption of ferrosilicon
      • 8.1.2.1 Outlook for consumption of ferrosilicon in steelmaking
      • 8.1.2.2 Outlook for crude steel production
      • 8.1.2.3 Outlook for stainless steel production
      • 8.1.2.4 Outlook for consumption of ferrosilicon in cast iron
      • 8.1.2.5 Outlook for consumption of ferrosilicon in magnesium
  • 8.2 Outlook for production
    • 8.2.1 Planned new capacity
    • 8.2.2 Outlook for production of silicon metal
    • 8.2.3 Outlook for production of ferrosilicon
  • 8.3 Outlook for prices

9. Background

  • 9.1 Occurrence, history and properties of silicon metal and ferrosilicon
  • 9.2 Occurrence and resources of silicon
  • 9.3 Properties of silicon
  • 9.4 Production processes and grades of silicon metal and ferrosilicon
    • 9.4.1 Silicon metal production processes
    • 9.4.2 Ferrosilicon production processes
    • 9.4.3 Silicon metal grades
    • 9.4.4 Ferrosilicon grades

10. Country profiles

  • 10.1 Argentina
  • 10.2 Australia
  • 10.3 Bhutan
  • 10.4 Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • 10.5 Brazil
  • 10.6 Bulgaria
  • 10.7 Canada
  • 10.8 Chile
  • 10.9 China
    • 10.9.1 Silicon metal producers in China
    • 10.9.2 Ferrosilicon producers in China
    • 10.9.3 Government action on overcapacity, pollution, trade policy and smuggling
  • 10.10 Egypt
  • 10.11 France
  • 10.12 Germany
  • 10.13 Iceland
  • 10.14 India
  • 10.15 Iran
  • 10.16 Italy
  • 10.17 Japan
  • 10.18 Kazakhstan
  • 10.19 South Korea
  • 10.20 Laos
  • 10.21 Macedonia
  • 10.22 Malaysia
  • 10.23 Netherlands
  • 10.24 New Zealand
  • 10.25 Norway
  • 10.26 Paraguay
  • 10.27 Philippines
  • 10.28 Poland
  • 10.29 Romania
  • 10.30 Russia
  • 10.31 Saudi Arabia
  • 10.32 Slovakia
  • 10.33 Slovenia
  • 10.34 South Africa
  • 10.35 Spain
  • 10.36 Sweden
  • 10.37 Taiwan
  • 10.38 Thailand
  • 10.39 Turkey
  • 10.40 Ukraine
  • 10.41 UK
  • 10.42 USA
  • 10.43 Uruguay
  • 10.44 Uzbekistan
  • 10.45 Venezuela

11. Company Profiles

  • 11.1 Andina
  • 11.2 Asia Minerals
  • 11.3 Bhutan Ferro Alloys
  • 11.4 Bozel
  • 11.5 Changji Jisheng
  • 11.6 Dow Corning
  • 11.7 Egyptian Chemical Industries
  • 11.8 EFACO
  • 11.9 Elkem
  • 11.10 Erdos
  • 11.11 Eurasian Resources Group
  • 11.12 Ferbasa
  • 11.13 Ferroglobe
  • 11.14 Ferosilicc Gharb
  • 11.15 Finnfjord
  • 11.16 GS Energy
  • 11.17 Hoshine
  • 11.18 Inonibras
  • 11.19 Iran Ferro Alloy Industries
  • 11.20 Iran Ferrosilice
  • 11.21 Italmagnesio
  • 11.22 Jugohrom
  • 11.23 Kaz Silicon
  • 11.24 Kumba Ferro Alloys
  • 11.25 LIASA
  • 11.26 LIBRA
  • 11.27 Mechel
  • 11.28 Metalleghe
  • 11.29 Minasligas
  • 11.30 Nova Era Silicon
  • 11.31 Novolipetsk Steel
  • 11.32 OFZ
  • 11.33 OM Holdings
  • 11.34 PCC Bakki
  • 11.35 Press Metal
  • 11.36 Privat
  • 11.37 Re Alloys
  • 11.38 RIMA
  • 11.39 Rusal
  • 11.40 Russian Ferro Alloys
  • 11.41 RW Silicium
  • 11.42 Shin Etsu
  • 11.43 SICA New Materials
  • 11.44 Simpac
  • 11.45 Siyanda-Inkwali Resources
  • 11.46 Steelmin
  • 11.47 Tau-Ken Temir
  • 11.48 United Silicon
  • 11.49 Wacker-Chemie
  • 11.50 Wuhai Junzheng
  • 11.51 Xallas Electricidad y Aleaciones
  • 11.52 YDD Corporation
  • 11.53 Yunnan Yongchang

12. First-use Consumption

  • 12.1 Use of silicon metal in aluminium alloys
    • 12.1.1 Markets for silicon-bearing aluminium alloys
    • 12.1.2 Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in transportation
      • 12.1.2.1 Motor vehicles
      • 12.1.2.2 Railways
      • 12.1.2.3 Aerospace
      • 12.1.2.4 Marine
    • 12.1.3 Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in machinery and equipment
    • 12.1.4 Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in consumer durables
    • 12.1.5 Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in electricity
      • 12.1.5.1 Electricity transmission
      • 12.1.5.2 Telecommunications
      • 12.1.5.3 Other
    • 12.1.6 Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in building and construction
    • 12.1.7 Use of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in containers and packaging
    • 12.1.8 Uses of silicon-bearing aluminium alloys in other applications
      • 12.1.8.1 Metallurgy
      • 12.1.8.2 Other applications
  • 12.2 Use of silicon metal in silicones
    • 12.2.1 Silanes
    • 12.2.2 Silicones
    • 12.2.3 The markets for silicones
    • 12.2.4 Producers of silicones
  • 12.3 Use of silicon metal in the production of polycrystalline silicon
  • 12.4 Use of silicon metal in photovoltaic (solar) cells
    • 12.4.1 Solar wafers
    • 12.4.2 Solar cells and modules
  • 12.5 Use of silicon metal in semiconductors
    • 12.5.1 Production of silicon semiconductor wafers
    • 12.5.2 Markets for silicon semiconductor wafers
      • 12.5.2.1 Silicon integrated circuits - chips
  • 12.6 Other uses of silicon metal
    • 12.6.1 Iron and steel
    • 12.6.2 Manganese alloys
    • 12.6.3 Ferrosilicon briquettes
    • 12.6.4 Nickel-base alloys
    • 12.6.5 Battery anodes
    • 12.6.6 Silicon nitride
    • 12.6.7 Sialons
    • 12.6.8 Silicon nanoparticles
    • 12.6.9 Porous silicon
  • 12.7 Microsilica
  • 12.8 Use of ferrosilicon in steel
    • 12.8.1 Applications of silicon in steel
    • 12.8.2 Factors affecting selection of ferrosilicon or silicomanganese
      • 12.8.2.1 Relative price of ferrosilicon and silicomanganese
      • 12.8.2.2 Ratio of silicon to manganese in steel specification
      • 12.8.2.3 Steel plant configuration
    • 12.8.3 Steel types and implications for ferrosilicon consumption
      • 12.8.3.1 Carbon steel
      • 12.8.3.2 Stainless steel
      • 12.8.3.3 Electrical steel
      • 12.8.3.4 Other alloy steels
  • 12.9 Use of ferrosilicon in cast iron
    • 12.9.1 Production of cast iron
    • 12.9.2 Metallurgy and applications of cast iron
      • 12.9.2.1 Ductile iron
      • 12.9.2.2 Grey iron
      • 12.9.2.3 Malleable and other cast irons
  • 12.10 Use of ferrosilicon in magnesium
    • 12.10.1 Production of magnesium
    • 12.10.2 Applications of magnesium
  • 12.11 Other uses for ferrosilicon

13. Macro-economic outlook

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