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市場調査レポート

ボーキサイト&アルミナ:世界市場および展望

Bauxite and Alumina: Global Industry Markets and Outlook, 8th Edition 2012

発行 Roskill Information Services 商品コード 72031
出版日 ページ情報 英文 417 Pages, 198 Tables and 112 Figures
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
こちらの商品の販売は終了いたしました。
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ボーキサイト&アルミナ:世界市場および展望 Bauxite and Alumina: Global Industry Markets and Outlook, 8th Edition 2012
出版日: 2013年01月31日 ページ情報: 英文 417 Pages, 198 Tables and 112 Figures

当商品の販売は、2016年01月15日を持ちまして終了しました。

概要

ボーキサイトおよびアルミナ産業における貿易パターン、価格決定メカニズム、および企業情勢はこの5年間で全面的に変化しています。これらの変化の背後にある主な促進因子のひとつに、中国のアルミニウム需要の増加があます。中国のアルミニウム需要は2002年から2011年の間に18.4%となり、世界の平均成長率6.6%と比較して大幅に増加しています。

当レポートでは、世界のボーキサイト&アルミナ産業の歴史、ボーキサイト&アルミナの特性、資源、採鉱・加工プロセスなどについて調査分析し、国別の産業動向と主要企業、世界の消費量、国際貿易状況、アプリケーション、価格などもまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 サマリー

第2章 ボーキサイトの歴史・産出・特性・資源

第3章 採鉱と加工

第4章 世界のボーキサイト生産データ

第5章 世界のアルミナ生産データ

第6章 鉱床探査・ボーキサイト採鉱・アルミナ精製:国別

第7章 世界のボーキサイト&アルミナの消費量

第8章 一次アルミニウム生産におけるボーキサイト&アルミナの利用

第9章 耐火性物質へのボーキサイト&アルミナの利用

第10章 セメントへのボーキサイト&アルミナの利用

第11章 セラミクスへのアルミナの利用

第13章 プロッパントへのボーキサイトの利用

第14章 その他のボーキサイト利用

第15章 アルミニウム化学製品における三水和アルミナ

第16章 三水和アルミナ?その他の利用

第17章 ボーキサイト&アルミナの国際貿易データ

第18章 ボーキサイト&アルミナの価格

図表

目次
Product Code: ISBN 978 0 86214 586 6

Roskill's 8th report on bauxite and alumina will be published within 5 weeks. If you're involved with bauxite in any way, it will help you make the right decisions.

Trade patterns, pricing mechanisms, and the corporate landscape have all shifted over the last five years in the bauxite and alumina industry. This latest report from Roskill reviews these changes and examines their impact on the industry. One of the major drivers behind many of these changes is the increasing Chinese demand for aluminium, which has grown at a dramatic rate of 18.4%py between 2002 and 2011, compared with an average global rate of 6.6%.

Profiling over 200 bauxite and alumina operations, including calcined, chemical and fused alumina production, Roskill's 400-page Global Industry and Market Outlook offers a comprehensive review of the whole bauxite and alumina industry. From mines and reserves through to developing end-use applications the report covers every aspect of the subject, examining trends and providing analysis to give both clarity and an understanding of the market.

Over 97% of bauxite is used in the production of smelter grade alumina, whilst the remainder is calcined and used in refractories and abrasives, or used directly in cement production and other applications. One growth area for calcined bauxite is in proppant manufacture for use in shale-gas production, which has significantly increased in volume over the last ten years.

Smelter grade alumina is primarily used to produce aluminium metal, which accounts for 94% of total alumina output. The balance is split between alumina trihydrate (ATH) and calcined alumina. ATH is a staple feedstock for aluminium chemicals including aluminium sulphate and aluminium fluoride and processed ATH is used in myriad filler applications, the most important of which is as a flame retardant. Calcined alumina is mainly used in refractories and ceramics, and again many different grades are produced. The increasing environmental legislation has boosted its use in automotive catalysts.

The fortunes of the bulk of bauxite and alumina production are inextricably linked to that of aluminium production which is forecast to grow over the next five years. With new refinery capacity planned in China to meet the expected rise, demand for bauxite is also forecast to increase over the next five years. This report reviews a number of bauxite projects underway around the world. New alumina capacity is planned, mainly in China and India, while elsewhere some other projects are being delayed until pricing levels for smelter grade alumina improve.

The corporate landscape is also changing. The industry is less vertically integrated than before.Twenty mining companies now account for almost three quarters of total bauxite mining capacity.

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Get accurate answers from independent experts

  • Where will the bauxite come from to meet the forecast demand in China?
  • What is the outlook for alumina and bauxite in refractories?
  • Will changes to pricing mechanisms have a long term impact?
  • What are the key markets for ATH? Where will the growth be?
  • Will there be a shortfall in calcined bauxite supply?

Table of Contents

1. Summary

2. History, occurrence, properties and resources of bauxite

  • 2.1. History of bauxite and alumina
  • 2.2. Geology and occurrence of bauxite
  • 2.3. Formation
    • 2.3.1. Form
  • 2.4. Bauxite resources

3. Mining and processing

  • 3.1. Mining and preparation of bauxite
  • 3.2. Alumina production
    • 3.2.1. The Bayer process
    • 3.2.2. Alumina trihydrate (ATH) production
    • 3.2.3. Calcined alumina production
      • 3.2.3.1. High purity alumina production
      • 3.2.3.2. Ultra-high purity alumina production
      • 3.2.3.3. Tabular and sintered alumina production
    • 3.2.4. Fused alumina
    • 3.2.5. Activated alumina
      • 3.2.5.1. Reactive alumina
      • 3.2.5.2. Secondary alumina
  • 3.3. Environmental impact of bauxite and alumina production
  • 3.4. Alumina production costs

4. World bauxite production data

  • 4.1. Bauxite production data by region
    • 4.1.1. Asia
    • 4.1.2. Australia
    • 4.1.3. Caribbean/South America
    • 4.1.4. Africa
    • 4.1.5. Europe
  • 4.2. Bauxite production data by country
  • 4.3. Bauxite mining companies
  • 4.4. Non-metallurgical bauxite production

5. World alumina production data

  • 5.1. Alumina production data by region
    • 5.1.1. Asia
    • 5.1.2. Australia
    • 5.1.3. South America and the Caribbean
    • 5.1.4. Europe
    • 5.1.5. North America
    • 5.1.6. Africa
  • 5.2. Alumina production data by country
  • 5.3. Alumina production data by type
  • 5.4. Alumina producing companies
    • 5.4.1. Chemical alumina production
    • 5.4.2. High purity aluminas production
    • 5.4.3. Tabular (sintered) alumina production
    • 5.4.4. Fused alumina production
  • 5.5. Secondary alumina production

6. Exploration, bauxite mining and alumina refining by country

  • 6.1. Australia
    • 6.1.1. Producers of bauxite and alumina in Australia
    • 6.1.2. Alcoa of Australia
    • 6.1.3. Alumina Ltd
    • 6.1.4. Rio Tinto
      • 6.1.4.1. Rio Tinto Alcan
      • 6.1.4.2. Pacific Aluminium
    • 6.1.5. Worsley Alumina Pty Limited
    • 6.1.6. Doral Fused Materials Ltd
    • 6.1.7. Potential projects
      • 6.1.7.1. Bauxite Resources Ltd
      • 6.1.7.1. Cape Alumina Ltd
      • 6.1.7.2. Australian Bauxite Ltd
  • 6.2. Azerbaijan
    • 6.2.1. Det.Al Group
  • 6.3. Bahrain
    • 6.3.1. Imerys SA
  • 6.4. Bosnia-Herzegovina
    • 6.4.1. AD Boksit Milici
    • 6.4.2. Rudnici Boksita Jajce dd
    • 6.4.3. Alumina Factory Birac ad
  • 6.5. Brazil
    • 6.5.1. Hydro
    • 6.5.2. Minerao Rio do Norte SA (MRN)
    • 6.5.3. Cia Brasileira de Alumino SA (CBA)
    • 6.5.4. Alcoa Alumina Brazil Ltda (AWAB)
    • 6.5.5. Alcoa Aluminio SA
    • 6.5.6. Alumar - Consorcio de Aluminio do Maranhao
    • 6.5.7. Alumina do Norte do Brasil SA (Alunorte)
    • 6.5.8. Vale SA
    • 6.5.9. Magnesita Refractarios SA
    • 6.5.10. Novelis Inc
    • 6.5.11. Mineracao Curimbaba Ltda
    • 6.5.12. Potential projects
  • 6.6. Cambodia
  • 6.7. Cameroon
    • 6.7.1. Potential producers
  • 6.8. Canada
    • 6.8.1. Rio Tinto Alcan Inc
    • 6.8.2. Other producers - specialty and fused aluminas
    • 6.8.3. Potential producers
  • 6.9. Chad 1
  • 6.10. China
    • 6.10.1. Aluminium production in China
    • 6.10.2. Bauxite resources in China
    • 6.10.3. Metallurgical bauxite and alumina operations in China
      • 6.10.3.1. Aluminium Corp of China Ltd (Chalco)
      • 6.10.3.2. Chalco companies
      • 6.10.3.3. Bosai Minerals Group Co Ltd
      • 6.10.3.4. Shandong Chiping Xinfa Aluminium
      • 6.10.3.5. China Power Investment Corp
      • 6.10.3.6. East Hope Group
      • 6.10.3.7. Guangdong Galaminium Group Ltd (GAL)
      • 6.10.3.8. Guangxi Huayin Aluminium Co Ltd
      • 6.10.3.9. Henan Shenhuo Group
      • 6.10.3.10. Henan Yixiang Aluminium Co
      • 6.10.3.11. Shandong Lubei Enterprises
      • 6.10.3.12. Shandong Nanshan Group
      • 6.10.3.13. Shandong Weiqiao Aluminium
      • 6.10.3.14. Shanxi Wusheng Aluminium Co
      • 6.10.3.15. Shanxi Xiaoyi Xingan Chemical Engineering Co Ltd
      • 6.10.3.16. Yunnan Wenshan Aluminium Co Ltd
      • 6.10.3.17. Zhuhai Hongfan Non-ferrous Metals and Chemical Engineering Inc
      • 6.10.3.18. Zhongmei Aluminium Co Ltd
      • 6.10.3.19. Zhaofeng Aluminium Co Ltd
    • 6.10.4. Potential production
      • 6.10.4.1. Shanxi Tongde Aluminium Co Ltd
      • 6.10.4.2. Shanxi Huaxing Aluminium Company
      • 6.10.4.3. China Shenhua Group
      • 6.10.4.4. Baiyi Mining
    • 6.10.5. Non-metallurgical bauxite and fused alumina production in China
      • 6.10.5.1. Almatis
      • 6.10.5.2. Bosai Minerals Group
      • 6.10.5.3. China Mineral Processing Co Ltd
      • 6.10.5.4. C-E Minerals
      • 6.10.5.5. Haicheng Huayin Group
      • 6.10.5.6. Hangzhou Jinjiang Group CO Ltd
      • 6.10.5.7. Huang He Minerals Co Ltd
      • 6.10.5.8. Shandong Refractories Corp
      • 6.10.5.9. Shanxi Yuandong Aluminium
      • 6.10.5.10. Shandong Jingxin Crystal Science and Technology
      • 6.10.5.11. Tianma Huaqi Refractory Material Co Ltd
  • 6.11. Dominican Republic
  • 6.12. Dubai
  • 6.13. Fiji
  • 6.14. France
    • 6.14.1. Garrot-Chaillac SA
    • 6.14.2. ALTEO
    • 6.14.3. Imerys SA
    • 6.14.4. Saint Gobain SA
  • 6.15. Germany
    • 6.15.1. Aluminium Oxid Stade GmbH
    • 6.15.2. Almatis
    • 6.15.3. Nabaltec
    • 6.15.4. Martinswerk GmbH
    • 6.15.5. Other producers
  • 6.16. Ghana
    • 6.16.1. Ghana Bauxite Company (GBC)
    • 6.16.2. Potential producers
  • 6.17. Greece
    • 6.17.1. Aluminium SA (ASA)
    • 6.17.2. S&B Industrial Minerals
    • 6.17.3. Elmin (Hellenic Mining Enterprises)
  • 6.18. Guinea
    • 6.18.1. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guine (CBG)
    • 6.18.2. Aluminium Company of Guinea (ACG)
    • 6.18.3. Potential projects in Guinea
      • 6.18.3.1. Henan International Mining Co Ltd
      • 6.18.3.2. China Power Investment Corp
      • 6.18.3.3. Guinea Aluminium Corp
      • 6.18.3.4. Other projects
  • 6.19. Republic of Guinea-Bissau
  • 6.20. Guyana
    • 6.20.1. UC Rusal - Bauxite Co of Guyana Inc
    • 6.20.2. Bosai Minerals Group (Guyana) Inc (BMGGI)
    • 6.20.3. Prospective producers
      • 6.20.3.1. First Bauxite Corp
  • 6.21. Hungary 2
    • 6.21.1.1. Magyar Aluminium Production (MAL)
    • 6.21.2. Motim Co Ltd
  • 6.22. India 15
    • 6.22.1. Bauxite resources
    • 6.22.2. Bauxite and alumina production
      • 6.22.2.1. National Aluminium Company Limited (Nalco)
      • 6.22.2.2. Hindalco Industries Limited (Hindalco)
      • 6.22.2.3. Vedanta Resources plc
      • 6.22.2.4. Ashapura Minechem
      • 6.22.2.5. Orient Abrasives Limited (OAL)
      • 6.22.2.6. Carborundum Universal Ltd (CUMI)
      • 6.22.2.7. The Gujarat Mineral Development Company
      • 6.22.2.8. Other bauxite producers
      • 6.22.2.9. Bauxite and alumina projects
  • 6.23. Indonesia
    • 6.23.1. Cita Mineral Investindo Tbk
    • 6.23.2. PT ANTAM (Persero) Tbk (Antam)
    • 6.23.3. Other producers
    • 6.23.4. Potential projects
  • 6.24. Ireland
  • 6.25. Iran
  • 6.26. Iraq
  • 6.27. Jamaica
    • 6.27.1. Bauxite resources
    • 6.27.2. Production of bauxite and alumina
      • 6.27.2.1. Alumina Partners of Jamaica (Alpart)
      • 6.27.2.2. West Indies Aluminium Company (Windalco)
      • 6.27.2.3. Jamalco
      • 6.27.2.4. St Ann Bauxite Company
  • 6.28. Japan 3
    • 6.28.1. Nippon Light Metal Company Limited (NLM)
    • 6.28.2. Showa Denko KK
    • 6.28.3. Sumitomo Chemical Company
    • 6.28.4. Other producers
  • 6.29. Kazakhstan
    • 6.29.1. Eurasian Natural Resources plc (ENRC)
  • 6.30. South Korea
  • 6.31. Laos
    • 6.31.1. Sino Australian Resources Co (SARCO)
  • 6.32. Montenegro
  • 6.33. Netherlands
    • 6.33.1. TOR Minerals International
  • 6.33.2. Other producers and processors
  • 6.34. Norway
    • 6.34.1. Norsk Hydro (Hydro)
    • 6.34.2. Potential projects
  • 6.35. Romania
    • 6.35.1. Vimetco NV
    • 6.35.2. Cemtrade SA
  • 6.36. Russia
    • 6.36.1. Resources of bauxite
    • 6.36.2. UC Rusal Plc
    • 6.36.3. Other overseas projects
    • 6.36.4. Severo-Onezhsky Bauxite Mine (SOBR)
    • 6.36.5. PhosAgro/ BaselCement-Pikalevo (BCP)
      • 6.36.5.1. Pikalyovo Alumina
      • 6.36.5.2. Other alumina and bauxite production
  • 6.37. Saudi Arabia
    • 6.37.1. Maaden Bauxite and Alumina Company
  • 6.38. Sierra Leone
    • 6.38.1. Sierra Mineral Holdings
  • 6.39. South Africa
  • 6.40. Spain
    • 6.40.1. Almina Española, S.A. (AESA)
    • 6.40.2. Arcillas Refractarias SA (Arciresa)
  • 6.41. Suriname
    • 6.41.1. Suriname Alumium Company (SURALCO)
  • 6.42. Switzerland
    • 6.42.1. Glencore International plc
  • 6.43. Turkey
    • 6.43.1. Eti Aluminyum AS
    • 6.43.2. Demireller Mining Ltd
    • 6.43.3. Albuck Mining
  • 6.44. Ukraine
    • 6.44.1. UC Rusal
    • 6.44.2. Zaporozhsky Abrasive Combine
  • 6.45. United Kingdom
    • 6.45.1. BHP Billiton plc
    • 6.45.2. Rio Tinto plc
  • 6.46. USA 7
    • 6.46.1. Alcoa Inc
    • 6.46.2. Gramercy Alumina LLC
    • 6.46.3. Sherwin Alumina
    • 6.46.4. Ormet Corp
    • 6.46.5. Saint-Gobain Corp
    • 6.46.6. Huber Engineered Materials (HEM)
    • 6.46.7. Imerys
    • 6.46.8. Aluchem
  • 6.47. Venezuela
    • 6.47.1. CVG Bauxilium
  • 6.48. Vietnam
    • 6.48.1. Vinacomin

7. World consumption of bauxite and alumina

  • 7.1. World consumption of bauxite
  • 7.2. World consumption of alumina
  • 7.3. Comparison of bauxite and alumina consumption by region
  • 7.4. World bauxite and alumina supply and demand balance
  • 7.5. Outlook for the world bauxite and alumina supply/demand balance
  • 7.6. Non-metallurgical bauxite and alumina consumption by end use
    • 7.6.2.1. Chemicals - ATH
    • 7.6.2.2. Calcined aluminas
  • 7.7. Outlook for non-metallurgical bauxite and alumina consumption

8. Use of bauxite and alumina in primary aluminium production

  • 8.1. Production of aluminium
    • 8.1.1. Production and consumption of primary aluminium
    • 8.1.2. Primary aluminium producers
  • 8.2. Consumption of alumina in primary aluminium production
  • 8.3. Outlook for bauxite and alumina in primary aluminium production

9. Use of bauxite and alumina in refractories

  • 9.1. Types of refractories
  • 9.2. Trends in the refractory industry
    • 9.2.1. Specific usage
    • 9.2.2. Shapes vs monolithics
    • 9.2.3. Consolidation & integration
    • 9.2.4. Environment
    • 9.2.5. Raw material cost
  • 9.3. Production of refractories by region and country
    • 9.3.1. Production of refractories in Asia
      • 9.3.1.1. Production of refractories in China
      • 9.3.1.2. Production of refractories in Japan
    • 9.3.2. Production of refractories in Europe
    • 9.3.3. Production of refractories in South America
    • 9.3.4. Production of refractories in the USA
  • 9.4. Materials used in aluminous refractories
  • 9.5. Bauxite refractories
    • 9.5.1. Processing & specifications of refractory bauxite
  • 9.6. Alumina refractories
    • 9.6.1. Synthetic high alumina refractory materials
      • 9.6.1.1. Magnesia-alumina spinel
      • 9.6.1.2. Synthetic mullite
    • 9.6.2. Alumina-carbon
      • 9.6.2.1. Alumina-magnesia-carbon
    • 9.6.3. Refractory alumina fibres
      • 9.6.3.1. Producers of alumina fibres
    • 9.6.4. Producers of high (70-90% Al2O3) and extra high (90-100% Al2O3) alumina refractories
  • 9.7. Markets for refractories
  • 9.8. Refractories in the iron and steel industry
    • 9.8.1. Production of crude steel
    • 9.8.2. Producers of crude steel
    • 9.8.3. Production of steel
    • 9.8.4. Refractory usage in secondary refining
  • 9.9. Cement and lime production
  • 9.10. Glass manufacture
  • 9.11. Non-ferrous metals industry
    • 9.11.1. Production of non-ferrous metals
  • 9.12. Other markets for alumina refractories
  • 9.13. Outlook for bauxite and alumina in refractories

10. Use of bauxite and alumina in cement

  • 10.1. Production of cement
    • 10.1.1. Use of bauxite in Portland cement
    • 10.1.2. World production of cement
      • 10.1.2.1. Main producers of cement
  • 10.2. Calcium aluminate cements
    • 10.2.1. Use of bauxite in calcium aluminate cement
    • 10.2.2. Use of alumina in calcium aluminate cement
    • 10.2.3. Applications of calcium aluminate cement
      • 10.2.3.1. Refractories
      • 10.2.3.2. Building chemistry
      • 10.2.3.3. Technical concrete
      • 10.2.3.4. Pipe and sewage
      • 10.2.3.5. Other uses
    • 10.2.4. Producers of calcium aluminate cement
  • 10.3. Outlook for bauxite and alumina consumption in cement

11. Use of bauxite and alumina in abrasives

  • 11.1. Classification, properties and applications of abrasives
  • 11.2. Bauxite abrasives
  • 11.3. Alumina abrasives
    • 11.3.1. Fused alumina abrasives
    • 11.3.2. Calcined alumina abrasives
    • 11.3.3. Alumina-zirconia abrasives
    • 11.3.4. Seeded gel and sol-gel abrasives
    • 11.3.5. Alumina trihydrate
  • 11.4. Outlook for bauxite and alumina in abrasives

12. Use of alumina in ceramics

  • 12.1. Production of alumina used in ceramics
  • 12.2. Technical ceramics
    • 12.2.1. Structural ceramics (wear resistant)
    • 12.2.2. Catalysts
      • 12.2.2.1. Use of alumina in catalyst carriers
      • 12.2.2.2. Petrochemical industry catalysts
      • 12.2.2.3. Automotive catalytic converters
    • 12.2.3. Electrical ceramics
    • 12.2.4. Electronic ceramics
    • 12.2.5. Bioceramics
    • 12.2.6. Ceramic armour
    • 12.2.7. Major producers of alumina technical ceramics
  • 12.3. Standard ceramics and glass
    • 12.3.1. Whiteware bodies
      • 12.3.1.1. Frits and glazes
      • 12.3.1.2. Aluminosilicate glass
  • 12.4. Outlook for alumina in ceramics

13. Use of bauxite in proppants

  • 13.1. Producers of ceramic proppants
    • 13.1.1. Carbo Ceramics
    • 13.1.2. Saint-Gobain Proppants
    • 13.1.3. Minerao Curimbaba
    • 13.1.4. Other proppant producers
  • 13.2. Outlook for bauxite in proppants

14. Other markets for bauxite

  • 14.1. Slag adjusters
    • 14.1.1. Outlook for bauxite in slag adjusters
  • 14.2. Welding fluxes
  • 14.3. Aluminium chemicals
  • 14.4. Road aggregates
  • 14.5. Mineral wool

15. Aluminium trihydrate in aluminium chemicals

  • 15.1. Applications for aluminium chemicals
    • 15.1.1. Production of aluminium chemicals in USA and Japan
  • 15.1.2. Producers of aluminium chemicals
  • 15.2. ATH in aluminium chemicals
    • 15.2.1. Aluminium sulphate
      • 15.2.1.1. Use of aluminium sulphate in water treatment
      • 15.2.1.2. Use of aluminium sulphate in paper manufacture
      • 15.2.1.3. Other uses for aluminium sulphate
    • 15.2.2. Polyaluminium chloride (PAC)
    • 15.2.3. Aluminium chloride
    • 15.2.4. Aluminium fluoride
    • 15.2.5. Aluminates
      • 15.2.5.1. Sodium aluminate
      • 15.2.5.2. Potassium aluminate
    • 15.2.6. Other aluminium chemicals
      • 15.2.6.1. Aluminium nitrate
      • 15.2.6.2. Aluminium tristearate
      • 15.2.6.3. Organoaluminium compounds
  • 15.3. Synthetic zeolites
  • 15.4. Activated alumina
    • 15.4.1. Significant producers
    • 15.4.2. Outlook for ATH in aluminium chemicals

16. Alumina trihydrate - other uses

  • 16.1. Alumina trihydrate in flame retardants
    • 16.1.1. Properties of flame retardants
    • 16.1.2. Markets for flame retardants
    • 16.1.3. Consumption of flame retardants
    • 16.1.4. Producers of ATH for flame retardants
      • 16.1.4.1. Albemarle
      • 16.1.4.2. Almatis
      • 16.1.4.3. Alteo
      • 16.1.4.4. Hangzhou Jinjiang Group
      • 16.1.4.5. JM Huber Corporation
      • 16.1.4.6. Martinswerk
      • 16.1.4.7. Nabaltec
      • 16.1.4.8. Other producers of ATH for use in flame retardants
    • 16.1.5. Outlook for ATH in flame retardants
  • 16.2. Use of alumina trihydrate as a filler
    • 16.2.1. Alumina trihydrate fillers in paper
    • 16.2.2. Alumina trihydrate fillers in adhesives and sealants
      • 16.2.2.1. Production of adhesives and sealants
      • 16.2.2.2. Markets for adhesives and sealants
      • 16.2.2.3. Producers of alumina based adhesives
    • 16.2.3. Use of alumina trihydrate fillers in coatings
    • 16.2.4. Use of alumina trihydrate fillers in plastics
    • 16.2.5. Alumina trihydrate in synthetic marble
    • 16.2.6. Outlook for ATH fillers
  • 16.3. Alumina trihydrate in titanium dioxide pigment production

17. International trade data for bauxite and alumina

  • 17.1. International trade in bauxite
    • 17.1.1. Bauxite exports
    • 17.1.2. Bauxite imports
  • 17.2. International trade in alumina
    • 17.2.1. Alumina exports
    • 17.2.2. Alumina imports
  • 17.3. International trade in aluminium hydroxide
    • 17.3.1. Aluminium hydroxide exports
    • 17.3.2. Aluminium hydroxide imports

18. Prices of bauxite and alumina

  • 18.1. Prices of metallurgical grade bauxite
    • 18.1.1. Average value of bauxite imports in China and USA
  • 18.2. Prices of non-metallurgical grade bauxite
    • 18.2.1. Prices of refractory grade bauxite
      • 18.2.1.1. Guyanese RASC bauxite
      • 18.2.1.2. Chinese refractory bauxite
    • 18.2.2. Prices for non-refractory grades of bauxite
  • 18.3. Prices of Bayer-process smelter grade alumina
    • 18.3.1. Contract market for smelter grade alumina
  • 18.4. Prices for smelter grade alumina
  • 18.5. Prices of non-metallurgical alumina
  • 18.6. Price of alumina trihydrate (ATH)
    • 18.6.1. Average value of traded ATH
  • 18.7. Prices of fused alumina
  • 18.8. Outlook for bauxite and alumina prices
    • 18.8.1. Metallurgical bauxite and alumina
    • 18.8.2. Non-metallurgical bauxite and alumina

List of Tables:

  • 1. Properties of minerals containing alumina
  • 2. World reserves of bauxite, 2010
  • 3. Chemical analysis of typical bauxite grades by end-use
  • 4. Composition of regular and semi-friable brown fused alumina
  • 5. Chemical & physical properties of white fused alumina
  • 6. Secondary alumina: Typical chemical analyses, dry weight
  • 7. Chemical composition range of main components for bauxite residue
  • 8. Energy used in metallurgical alumina production, 2001 to 2010
  • 9. World: Production of bauxite by region, 2003 to 2011
  • 10. World bauxite production by country and region 2002 to 2011
  • 11. World; Bauxite production ranked by main country in 2011
  • 12. Principal metallurgical bauxite mining companies by region
  • 13. Bauxite mining interests of principal companies and approximate attributable capacity, 2012
  • 14. Non-metallurgical bauxite production capacity by major companies, 2012
  • 15. World: Production of alumina by region, 2002 to 2011
  • 16. World: Production of alumina by country, 2002 to 2011
  • 17. World: Production of alumina by principal country, 2002 to 2011
  • 18. Reporting countries: Production of chemical alumina by region, 2006 to 2011
  • 19. World metallurgical alumina production capacity, 2011
  • 20. Leading producers of chemical alumina & commodity ATH, 2012
  • 21. Producers of ultra high purity alumina
  • 22. World: Principal producers of tabular alumina
  • 23. World: Fused Alumina production capacity 2010 and 2011
  • 24. World: Principal producers of fused alumina
  • 25. Principal producers of secondary alumina
  • 26. Australia: Bauxite and alumina estimated capacity by company, 2012
  • 27. Alumina production from Alcoa of Australia
  • 28. AWAC Bauxite & Alumina Assets 2012
  • 29. Rio Tinto; Australian bauxite & alumina production, 2009 to 2011
  • 30. Australia: Potential bauxite mines
  • 31. Azerbaijan: Supply of alumina and aluminium 2006-2011
  • 32. Bosnia-Herzegovina: Supply and trade of bauxite & alumina 2006 to 2011
  • 33. Brazil: Supply and trade of bauxite & alumina 2006 to 2011
  • 34. Brazil: Bauxite and alumina production by capacity, 2012
  • 35. Hydro assets in Brazil
  • 36. Canada: Supply and trade in bauxite & alumina 2006 to 2011
  • 37. China: Supply and trade of bauxite and alumina 2006 to 2011
  • 38. China: Bauxite reserves and resources by region
  • 39. China: Alumina production capacity by major company, 2011
  • 40. China: Planned alumina projects 2012
  • 41. Investment by Chinese firms in overseas bauxite resources & alumina capacity
  • 42. Chalco production 2007 to 2011
  • 43. Chalco bauxite mining operations (end 2011)
  • 44. Chalco bauxite reserves and average grade (end 2011)
  • 45. Chalco: Alumina plants capacity & production, end 2011
  • 46. China: Producers of non-met bauxite, 2012
  • 47. Bosai Minerals Group subsidiary companies (alumina & bauxite)
  • 48. France: Suppy and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 49. Germany: Supply and trade of bauxite and alumina 2006 to 2011
  • 50. Ghana: Location, size and typical analysis of bauxite reserves
  • 51. Ghana: Inferred exports of bauxite, 2006 to 2011
  • 52. Greece: Chemical composition of exploited bauxite deposits
  • 53. Greece: Production and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 54. Elmin typical bauxite specifications
  • 55. Guinea: Supply and trade of bauxite and alumina 2006 to 2011
  • 56. Guinea: Inferred exports of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 57. CGB; Resources at Sangardi Mine
  • 58. CBG Composition of bauxite grades
  • 59. Guyana: Production and trade of bauxite, 2006 to 2011
  • 60. Guyana: Inferred exports of bauxite, 2006 to 2010
  • 61. Bosai: Specifications of bauxite produced
  • 62. Hungary: Supply and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2007 to 2011
  • 63. Reserves/resources of Indian bauxite
  • 64. Major bauxite mining companies in India
  • 65. India: Principal alumina producing companies
  • 66. India: New aluminium and alumina expansions until 2015
  • 67. India: Supply and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 20011
  • 68. Nalco production FY 2008 to 2012
  • 69. Hindalco: Typical analysis of chemical aluminas
  • 70. Vedanta Reources plc; Bauxite resource & reserves, 2010
  • 71. Ashapura specifications for cement grade and metallurgical bauxite
  • 72. India: Principal independent bauxite producers
  • 73. Indonesia: Supply and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 74. Jamaica: Production and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 75. Jamaica: Inferred exports of alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 76. Jamaica: Bauxite and alumina producing companies, 2012
  • 77. Japan: Production and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 78. Kazakhstan: Production and trade data 2006 to 2011
  • 79. Netherlands: Supply and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 80. Hydro bauxite & alumina assets 2012
  • 81. Romania: Production and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 82. Russia: Supply and disposal of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 83. Chemical composition of bauxutes from various Russian deposits
  • 84. UC Rusal total production 2006 to 2011
  • 85. UC Rusal Bauxite Resources
  • 86. UC Rusals global bauxite interests and production, 2008 to 2011
  • 87. UC Rusals global alumina interests and production refineries, 2008 to 2011
  • 88. Reserves and quality of Iksinskoe bauxite, 2012
  • 89. SOBR bauxite specifications, 2012
  • 90. Sierra Leone: Production of bauxite 2006 to 2011
  • 91. Spain: Production and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 92. Suriname: Production and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 93. Suralco operations in Suriname
  • 94. Glencores alumina and aluminium assets
  • 95. Turkey: Production and trade of bauxite, 2006 to 2011
  • 96. Demireller Mining: Bauxite grades specifications
  • 97. Ukraine: Production and trade of bauxite, 2006 to 2011
  • 98. BHP attributable alumina production, FY 2010 to 2012
  • 99. Rio Tinto: Production of bauxite, alumina and aluminium, 2009 to 2011
  • 100. USA: Production and trade of bauxite and alumina, 2006 to 2011
  • 101. USA: Production capacities of alumina plants, 2012
  • 102. Alcoa: Active bauxite mining interests, 2012
  • 103. Alcoa alumina capacity worldwide
  • 104. Venezuela: Production and trade of bauxite, 2006 to 2011
  • 105. World: Estimated consumption of bauxite by country, 2002 to 2011
  • 106. World: Estimated consumption of alumina by country, 2006 to 2011
  • 107. World: Comparison of bauxite and alumina consumption by region, 2006 to 2011
  • 108. World: Supply and demand of bauxite 2006 to 2011
  • 109. World: Supply and demand of alumina 2006 to 2011
  • 110. World: Non-metallurgical markets for bauxite and alumina by use 2011 and 2017
  • 111. World: Production of primary aluminium by country, 2002 to 2011
  • 112. World: Production and consumption of primary aluminium by region, 2002 to 2011
  • 113. Primary aluminium capacity and production by major producing companies, 2011
  • 114. World: Estimated alumina consumption in primary aluminium by region and country, 2002 to 2011
  • 115. World: Specific consumption of refractories
  • 116. China: Production and exports of high alumina based bricks, 2006 to 2010
  • 117. Japan: Production of refractories by type, 2001 to 2011
  • 118. Japan: Consumption of bauxite and alumina in refractories, 1995 to 2011
  • 119. South America: Capacity and production of basic refractories by type, form, and country, 2010 and 2011
  • 120. USA: Shipments of refractories by type, 2003 to 2010
  • 121. Types of alumina refractory products
  • 122. Properties of refractory bauxite
  • 123. Properties of alumina refractories
  • 124. Typical chemical composition and physical properties of calcined refractory bauxite
  • 125. Specifications of AlmatisT60/T64 (3 to 6 mesh) refractory grade alumina
  • 126. Main producers of fused and sintered spinel for refractories
  • 127. Composition of selected fused magnesia-alumina spinel grades by producing company
  • 128. Typical chemical analysis of commercial fused mullite
  • 129. World: Producers of synthetic mullite, 2012
  • 130. Typical compositions of sintered and fused mullite and fused zirconia-mullite
  • 131. Typical compositions and use temperatures of ceramic insulating fibres
  • 132. 3M Ceramic Fiber Products: Specifications of selected alumina fibres
  • 133. Rath: Specifications of alumina fibres
  • 134. Typical applications of refractories containing over 80% Al2O3
  • 135. World: Production of crude steel by region, 2001 to 2011
  • 136. Applications for alumina refractories in glass making
  • 137. Other applications for alumina refractories
  • 138. World crude steel consumption and forecast by region, 2010 to 2017
  • 139. Composition of typical cement grade bauxite
  • 140. World: Production of cement by main countries, 2003 to 2011
  • 141. Sales of cement by main companies, 2005 to 2011
  • 142. Typical composition of selected CACs and Portland cements
  • 143. Typical composition of main CAC grades
  • 144. Typical chemical analysis of raw materials and high alumina content CAC
  • 145. Kerneos CAC grades and applications
  • 146. Main producers of calcium aluminate cement, 2012
  • 147. Comparison of commonly used abrasive materials
  • 148. Typical composition of abrasive grade calcined bauxite
  • 149. Composition of abrasive grade calcined bauxite by producing country, 2012
  • 150. Compositions of some brown fused alumina abrasives
  • 151. Applications and compositions of alumina abrasives
  • 152. Zaporozhsky Abrasive Combine: Specifications of BFA, 2012
  • 153. Typical chemical composition and physical characteristics of polishing grade alumina
  • 154. Typical chemical composition and physical characteristics of calcined alumina
  • 155. Applications for alumina-zirconia abrasives
  • 156. Properties and applications of ceramic grade alumina
  • 157. Almatis: Typical chemical specifications of selected calcined aluminas for use in ceramics by type, 2012
  • 158. Martinswerk: Specifications of reactive grade alumina, 2012
  • 159. Properties of alumina, zirconia, silicon carbide and silicon nitride ceramics used in structural and wear resistant ceramics
  • 160. Typical catalyst carrier properties of alumina, titania and zirconia
  • 161. Applications and producers of alumina supported petrochemical catalysts, 2009
  • 162. Properties of aluminas used in electrical and electronic ceramics
  • 163. Chemical composition of selected calcined bauxites for proppants
  • 164. Carbo Ceramics: Production capacity of proppant plants, 2012
  • 165. Typical composition of submerged arc welding fluxes incorporating bauxite
  • 166. Specifications of chemical grade bauxite by selected producers, 2012
  • 167. Markets for non-metallurgical alumina in chemicals by region, 2011
  • 168. Applications for aluminium chemicals
  • 169. USA and Japan: Production of selected aluminium chemicals, 2004 to 2011
  • 170. Typical chemical composition and physical properties of chemical grade ATH
  • 171. Typical specifications of ground aluminium sulphate
  • 172. Specifications of liquid aluminium sulphate
  • 173. Chemical composition of synthetic zeolites
  • 174. Typical raw material consumption for production of zeolites A, X and Y using the hydrogel process
  • 175. World: Producers of synthetic zeolites, 2012
  • 176. Decomposition temperature ranges for selected polymers
  • 177. Plastics and rubber using ATH as a flame retardant filler
  • 178. World: Demand for plastics by polymer, 2008 to 2015
  • 179. Typical properties of ATH paper fillers
  • 180. Reported international trade in bauxite, alumina and aluminium hydroxide, 2000 to 2011
  • 181. Reporting countries: Exports of aluminium ores and concentrates, 2004 to 2011
  • 182. Reporting countries: Exports of bauxite by country of destination, 2011
  • 183. Reporting countries: Imports of bauxite, 2004 to 2011
  • 184. Reporting countries: Imports of bauxite by country of origin, 2011
  • 185. Reporting countries: Exports of alumina, 2004 to 2011
  • 186. Reporting countries: Exports of alumina by country of destination, 2011
  • 187. Reporting countries: Imports of alumina by country, 2004 to 2011
  • 188. Reporting countries: Imports of alumina by country of origin, 2011
  • 189. Reporting countries: Exports of aluminium hydroxide, 2004 to 2011
  • 190. Reporting countries: Exports of aluminium hydroxide by country of destination, 2011
  • 191. Reporting countries: Imports of aluminium hydroxide by country, 2004 to 2011
  • 192. Reporting countries: Imports of aluminium hydroxide by country of origin, 2011
  • 193. Reporting countries: Imports of aluminium hydroxide by country of origin, 2011
  • 194. China: Average values of bauxite imports by country, 2003 to 2011
  • 195. USA: Average values of imports of non-calcined (smelter grade) bauxite by country, 2003 to 2011
  • 196. Price of calcined alumina (98.5% to 99.5%Al2O3), bulk, FOB US refinery, 2006 to 2012
  • 197. Price of brown fused alumina, China, 2000 to 2012
  • 198. Price of fused alumina (94% Al2O3 CIF), white, 25 kg bags, 2002 to 2012

List of Figures:

  • 1. China: Bauxite and alumina production and imports 2006 to 2011
  • 2. Forecast supply/demand balance for metallurgical grade alumina 2006 to 2017
  • 3. China: Average annual values of imports of bauxite and alumina, 1998 to 2012
  • 4. World reserves of bauxite by major country
  • 5. Alumina production and processing flow chart
  • 6. Estimated world average alumina production cost break-down 2011
  • 7. World: Production of bauxite, 1981 to 2011
  • 8. World: Production of bauxite by region, 2000 to 2011
  • 9. World: Division of bauxite production by region, 2001
  • 10. World: Division of bauxite production by region, 2011
  • 11. World average bauxite production growth by region, 1998 to 2011
  • 12. World: Bauxite production by principal countries, 2011
  • 13. World: Production of bauxite by principal countries, 2001 to 2011
  • 14. Percentage share of global bauxite production of major countries in 2011
  • 15. World: Average growth rate of bauxite production in principal countries, 2001 to 2011
  • 16. World: Approximate bauxite production capacity by major company, 2012
  • 17. World: Estimated division of metallurgical bauxite production capacity by equity interests 2012
  • 18. World: Estimated division of metallurgical bauxite production capacity by equity interests 2012 excluding China and Indonesia
  • 19. Global non-metallurgical bauxite supply by region 2011
  • 20. World: Production of alumina, 1998 to 2011
  • 21. World: Production of alumina by region, 1998 to 2011
  • 22. World: Division of alumina production by region, 2011
  • 23. Asian production of alumina 1999 to 2011
  • 24. World: Alumina production in principal countries, 2002 to 2011
  • 25. World: Division of alumina production by principal countries, 2011
  • 26. World: Average year-on-year growth of alumina production in principal countries, 2002 to 2011
  • 27. World: Production of chemical alumina by region, 2006 to 2011
  • 28. Chemical alumina production by region, 2011,
  • 29. World: Approximate division of 2011 alumina production by company
  • 30. Largest alumina refineries by capacity, 2011
  • 31. Australian production of bauxite and alumina 1985 to 2011
  • 32. Brazil: Production of bauxite & alumina 1995 to 2011
  • 33. Ownership stakes in MRN, Brazil, 2012
  • 34. Chinese bauxite imports by country 2007 to 2011
  • 35. China: Bauxite and alumina production and imports 2006 to 2011
  • 36. Chinese refractory bauxite exports 2000 to 2011
  • 37. India: Bauxite & alumina production, 1995 to 2011
  • 38. Indian bauxite reserves and resources by state
  • 39. Indonesia: Production of bauxite and Chinese exports, 2000 to 2011
  • 40. Jamaica: Production and exports of bauxite and alumina, 2000 to 2011
  • 41. Russia: Production and imports of bauxite and alumina, 1995 to 2011
  • 42. Ukraine: Bauxite imports, and alumina production and exports, 1995 to 2011
  • 43. USA: Bauxite, alumina and aluminium trade and production, 2000 to 2011
  • 44. World: Consumption of bauxite by region, 2002 to 2011
  • 45. World: Approximate division of bauxite consumption by region, 2011
  • 46. World: Consumption of bauxite by principal country, 2002 to 2011
  • 47. World: Estimated consumption of alumina by region, 2006 to 2011
  • 48. World: Division of alumina consumption by region, 2011
  • 49. World: Consumption of alumina by principal country, 2007 to 2011
  • 50. World: Regional comparison of bauxite and alumina consumption, 2011
  • 51. Forecast supply/demand balance for metallurgical grade alumina, 2006 to 2017
  • 52. World: Approximate mass balance for bauxite and alumina use, 2011
  • 53. World: Approximate division by market of non-metallurgical bauxite consumption, 2011
  • 54. World: Approximate division of the world market for ATH
  • 55. Approximate division of markets for calcined aluminas 2011
  • 56. World: Production of primary aluminium by main countries, 2002 to 2011
  • 57. World: Estimated alumina consumption in primary aluminium production by region and country, 2002 to 2011
  • 58. Japan: Percentage of shaped refractories out of total production, 1990 to 2011
  • 59. Price development of magnesia, bauxite and graphite, 2005 to 2011
  • 60. World: Estimated production of refractories by region and country, 2001 to 2011
  • 61. China: Production and trade in refractories, 2006 to 2011
  • 62. China: Production of refractories by type, 2006 to 2011
  • 63. Europe: Production of refractories by type, 2003 to 2010
  • 64. Europe: Sales of refractory by type, 2003 to 2010
  • 65. World: Division of market for synthetic high alumina raw materials by type, 2011
  • 66. World: Estimated consumption of refractories by end use, 2012
  • 67. Regional crude steel production, 2001 and 2011
  • 68. China: Crude steel production compared to rest of world, 1992 to 2011
  • 69. World: Production of crude steel by leading companies, 2011
  • 70. World: Production of crude steel by region and process route, 2010
  • 71. World: Refined production of aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin and zinc, 1970 to 2011
  • 72. China: Refined production of aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin and zinc, 2001 and 2011
  • 73. World: Crude steel production and forecast from 1998 to 2017
  • 74. Japan: Consumption of alumina in catalysts, 2005 to 2011
  • 75. Japan: Production and shipments of automotive catalysts, 1990 to 2011
  • 76. World: Average number of active oil and gas drilling rigs by region, 1975 to 2011
  • 77. World: Consumption of alumina in synthetic zeolites, 2010
  • 78. World: Consumption of ATH in flame retardants, 2011
  • 79. Estimated market share of other ATH filler applications, 2012
  • 80. World: Markets for adhesives and sealants
  • 81. World: Exports of bauxite by main countries, 2000 to 2011
  • 82. World: Division of bauxite exports by main countries, 2011
  • 83. World: Imports of bauxite by main countries, 2000 to 2011
  • 84. World: Division of bauxite imports by main countries, 2011
  • 85. World: Exports of alumina by main countries, 2000 to 2011
  • 86. World: Division of alumina exports by main countries, 2011
  • 87. World: Imports of alumina by main countries, 2000 to 2011
  • 88. World: Division of alumina imports by main countries, 2011
  • 89. World: Exports of aluminium hydroxide by main countries, 2000 to 2011
  • 90. World: Division of exports of aluminium hydroxide by main countries, 2011
  • 91. World: Imports of aluminium hydroxide by main countries, 2000 to 2011
  • 92. World: Division of imports of aluminium hydroxide by main countries, 2011
  • 93. China: Imports of bauxite compared to average value, 1995 to 2011
  • 94. China: Average annual values of imports of bauxite and alumina, 1998 to 2012
  • 95. USA: Average values of cost, insurance and freight valuation imports of crude and dried bauxite by main countries, 1990 to 2011
  • 96. USA: Average values of imports of crude and dried bauxite, 1990 to 2011
  • 97. Comparison of Guyanese and Chinese refractory grade bauxite, 2000 to 2012
  • 98. Guyana: Price of RASC bauxite, 1996 to 2012
  • 99. China: Price of Shanxi round kiln refractory grade bauxite, 85-87% Al2O3, 1.8-2.0% Fe2O3, 3.15-3.20 bulk density, lumps 0-25mm, 1994 to 2012
  • 100. China: Price of Shanxi rotary kiln refractory grade bauxite, 85-86% Al2O3, 1.8% Fe2O3, 3.15 bulk density, lumps 0-25mm, 1994 to 2012
  • 101. China: Price of Guizhou round kiln refractory grade bauxite, 87% Al2O3, 2.0% Fe2O3, 3.2 bulk density, lumps 0-25mm, 1994 to 2012
  • 102. USA: Average annual value of imports of calcined refractory grade bauxite, 1990 to 2011
  • 103. China: Price of abrasive grade bauxite, 2007 to 2012
  • 104. China: Price of welding grade bauxite, 2007 to 2012
  • 105. Guyana: Price of welding grade bauxite, 2007 to 2012
  • 106. USA: Average annual value of imports of calcined non-refractory grade bauxite, 1998 to 2011
  • 107. Alcoa: Third party alumina shipments and sales, 2006 to 2011
  • 108. Average values of Australian exports of alumina, 1975 to 2011
  • 109. Average end of month LME daily aluminium price compared to MB spot alumina price and Australian alumina index, 1997 to 2012
  • 110. Price of ATH, damp, 57-60% Al2O3 and 5-8% moisture, 2010 to 2012
  • 111. Reporting countries: Average annual value of exports of ATH, 2000 to 2011
  • 112. Reporting countries: Average annual value of imports of ATH, 2000 to 2011
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