市場調査レポート

世界のニオブ市場動向

Niobium: Market Outlook to 2017, 12th Edition

発行 Roskill Information Services 商品コード 63226
出版日 ページ情報 英文 213 Pages, 108 Tables and 43 Figures
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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世界のニオブ市場動向 Niobium: Market Outlook to 2017, 12th Edition
出版日: 2013年05月31日 ページ情報: 英文 213 Pages, 108 Tables and 43 Figures
概要

当レポートでは、世界のニオビウム生産、加工、消費、国際取引、需要動向に加え、様々な用途についても分析しながら、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 サマリー

第2章 イントロダクション

  • ニオブの特徴
  • ニオブの産出
  • ニオブの埋蔵量・資源
  • ニオブ鉱石の採鉱・加工
  • ニオブ製品の加工
  • 生産コスト

第3章 世界のニオブ供給

  • ニオブ鋼石
  • HSLAグレードのフェロニオビウム
  • その他のニオブ製品

第4章 ニオブ生産業者・加工業者・プロジェクトのサマリー

  • 生産業者
  • 加工業者
  • ニオブ供給の潜在的新資源

第5章 ニオブ生産・加工・プロジェクトのレビュー:国別

  • アンゴラ
  • アルゼンチン
  • アルメニア
  • オーストラリア
  • オーストリア
  • ベルギー
  • ボリビア
  • ブラジル
  • ブルンジ
  • カメルーン
  • カナダ
  • 中国
  • コロンビア
  • コンゴ・ブラザビル
  • コンゴ民主共和国(DRC)
  • エジプト
  • エストニア
  • エチオピア
  • フィンランド
  • フランス
  • ガボン
  • ドイツ
  • ガーナ
  • グリーンランド
  • ギアナ
  • インド
  • 日本
  • カザフスタン
  • ケニア
  • キルギスタン
  • マラウィ
  • マレーシア
  • モンゴル
  • モロッコ
  • モザンビーク
  • ナミビア
  • ナイジェリア
  • ポルトガル
  • パラグアイ
  • ロシア
  • ルワンダ
  • サウジアラビア
  • シエラレオネ
  • ソマリア
  • 南アフリカ
  • スペインタンザニア
  • タイ
  • ウガンダ
  • ウクライナ
  • 英国
  • 米国
  • ベネズエラ
  • ザンビア
  • ジンバブエ

第6章 ニオブ鉱物と製品の国際取引

  • ニオブ鉱物
  • フェロニオビウム
  • 高純度酸化ニオブ・ニオブ金属
  • 貿易統制

第7章 世界のニオブ消費量

  • 世界のニオブ消費量
  • ニオブ消費量:フォーム・アプリケーション別
  • ニオブ消費量:地域/国別

第8章 スチールにおけるニオブの使用

  • 合金鋼
  • ステンレス・耐熱鋼
  • その他のスチール

第9章 非鉄合金におけるニオブの使用

  • 高性能合金
  • チタン合金
  • ジルコニウム合金
  • その他の合金

第10章 ニオブ金属およびニオブ合金の使用

  • 超電導体におけるニオブ合金の使用
  • ニオブアルミニウム合金の使用
  • ニオブジルコニウム合金の使用
  • ニオブハフニウム合金の使用
  • その他のニオブ合金の使用
  • ニオブ金属の使用

第11章 ニオブ化学製品の使用

  • 光学ガラス・エナメル
  • エレクトロニクス・オプトエレクトロニクス
  • その他のニオブ化学製品への使用

第12章 ニオブ価格

  • ニオブ金属
  • フェロニオビウム
  • その他のニオブ製品
  • 価格予測

第13章 ニオブの展望

  • 供給の展望
  • 需要の展望
  • 需要予測
  • 需給バランス予測

図表リスト

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目次
Product Code: ISBN 978 0 86214 592 7

Abstract

Demand for niobium is driven by two sets of factors. One is the overall growth in the global economy, which directly influences the demand for steel, where most niobium is used, and the demand for aerospace superalloys, which are the largest non-steel market. Future demand for niobium will follow the overall economic trend, at the very least. The other factor is the incidence of use in steel, which could be the principal driver of structural increases in demand in the coming years.

The niobium market is comparatively new, dating back only a few decades. In steel, it is consumed in very small amounts - fractions of a percent in terms of gross weight of steel - but contributes enormously to the quality of the steel produced. It is not used in all steels. The main use is in high-strength, low-alloy (HSLA) steel, with a much smaller amount going to 400 series stainless steels. The benefit in HSLA steel is that the addition of a small amount of niobium, representing a very minor part of the overall production cost, considerably increases the strength of the steel. This is of particular importance in the principal market segments where HSLA is used. High-pressure gas pipelines can be made with less steel, and large weight savings can be made in the construction and automotive sectors. In most applications, niobium faces little threat of substitution by other alloying elements.

In some countries, typically the traditional industrial economies, the use of niobium in steel is long-established and the incidence of use is already high. In some other countries, however, there is considerable latent demand. This latter group includes China, India and Russia. Such countries have an incidence of niobium use that is currently far below the global average. They also have the highest forecast rates of growth in steel production and there is an anticipation that they will increasingly move from producing mild steel to HSLA steel. This is the growth area for niobium demand.

image1

  • What factors will drive future demand for niobium?
  • Where are the largest increases in niobium consumption expected to occur?
  • How will the niobium supply base develop in the coming years?
  • What will be the niobium supply-demand balance in 2017?
  • What is the outlook for niobium prices?

Table of Contents

1 Summary

2 Introduction

  • 2.1 Properties of niobium
  • 2.2 Occurrence of niobium
  • 2.3 Reserves and resources of niobium
  • 2.4 Mining and processing of niobium minerals
  • 2.5 Processing of niobium products
    • 2.5.1 HSLA-grade ferroniobium
    • 2.5.2 High-purity niobium oxide
    • 2.5.3 Vacuum-grade ferroniobium and nickel-niobium
    • 2.5.4 Niobium metal, alloys and intermediates
    • 2.5.5 Other niobium compounds
  • 2.6 Production costs

3 World supply of niobium to 2012 4

  • 3.1 Niobium minerals
  • 3.2 HSLA-grade ferroniobium
  • 3.3 Other niobium products

4 Summary of niobium producers, processors and projects

  • 4.1 Mine producers
  • 4.2 Processors
  • 4.3 Potential new sources of niobium supply

5 Review of niobium production, processing and projects by country

  • 5.1 Angola
  • 5.2 Argentina
  • 5.3 Armenia
  • 5.4 Australia
    • 5.4.1 Niobium resources
    • 5.4.2 Niobium projects
      • 5.4.2.1 Alkane Resources
      • 5.4.2.2 Hastings Rare Metals
      • 5.4.2.3 Lynas
      • 5.4.2.4 Others
  • 5.5 Austria
    • 5.5.1 Niobium processors
      • 5.5.1.1 Plansee
      • 5.5.1.2 Treibacher Industrie
  • 5.6 Belgium
  • 5.7 Bolivia
  • 5.8 Brazil
    • 5.8.1 Niobium reserves and resources
    • 5.8.2 Production of niobium minerals and products
    • 5.8.3 Exports of niobium
      • 5.8.3.1 Exports of niobium minerals
      • 5.8.3.2 Exports of ferroniobium
      • 5.8.3.3 Exports of high-purity niobium oxide
    • 5.8.4 Niobium producers
      • 5.8.4.1 Anglo American Brasil (Catal?o)
      • 5.8.4.2 Companhia Brasileira de Metalurgia e Minera??o (CBMM)
      • 5.8.4.3 LSM Brasil
    • 5.8.4.4 Minera??o Taboca
    • 5.8.5 Niobium projects
      • 5.8.5.1 MBAC Fertilizer
  • 5.9 Burundi
  • 5.10 Cameroon
  • 5.11 Canada
    • 5.11.1 Niobium reserves and resources
    • 5.11.2 Production of niobium minerals and products
    • 5.11.3 International trade in ferroniobium
    • 5.11.4 Niobium producers
      • 5.11.4.1 Niobec
    • 5.11.5 Niobium projects
      • 5.11.5.1 Avalon Rare Metals
      • 5.11.5.2 Cache Exploration
      • 5.11.5.3 Commerce Resources
      • 5.11.5.4 Crevier Minerals
      • 5.11.5.5 DIOS Exploration
      • 5.11.5.6 G?oM?gA Resources
      • 5.11.5.7 Houston Lake Mining
      • 5.11.5.8 International Bethlehem Mining
      • 5.11.5.9 Matamec Explorations
      • 5.11.5.10 Niocan
      • 5.11.5.11 Nuinsco Resources
      • 5.11.5.12 PhosCan Chemical
      • 5.11.5.13 Quest Rare Minerals
      • 5.11.5.14 Rare Earth Metals
      • 5.11.5.15 Sarissa Resources
      • 5.11.5.16 Taseko Mines
  • 5.12 China
    • 5.12.1 Niobium producers
      • 5.12.1.1 Minning Tantalum-Niobium Mining Development
      • 5.12.1.2 Yichun Tantalum
      • 5.12.1.3 Other
    • 5.12.2 Niobium processors
      • 5.12.2.1 Conghua Tantalum & Niobium Smeltery
      • 5.12.2.2 Duoluoshan Sapphire Rare Metals
      • 5.12.2.3 Fogang Jiata Metals
      • 5.12.2.4 F&X Electro-Materials
      • 5.12.2.5 Jiujiang Jinxin Nonferrous Metals
      • 5.12.2.6 Jiujiang TaNbRe Smelter
      • 5.12.2.7 King-Tan Tantalum Industry
      • 5.12.2.8 Ningxia Orient
      • 5.12.2.9 Zhuzhou Cemented Carbide Works
  • 5.13 Colombia
  • 5.14 Congo Brazzaville
  • 5.15 Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
  • 5.16 Egypt
  • 5.17 Estonia
    • 5.17.1 Niobium processors
      • 5.17.1.1 Molycorp Silmet
  • 5.18 Ethiopia
    • 5.18.1 Niobium producers
      • 5.18.1.1 Kenticha
  • 5.19 Finland
  • 5.20 France
  • 5.21 Gabon
  • 5.22 Germany
    • 5.22.1 International trade
    • 5.22.2 Niobium processors
      • 5.22.2.1 GfE
      • 5.22.2.2 Freiberger NE-Metall
      • 5.22.2.3 H.C. Starck
      • 5.22.2.4 WC Heraeus
  • 5.23 Ghana
  • 5.24 Greenland
    • 5.24.1 Niobium projects
      • 5.24.1.1 Ram Resources
      • 5.24.1.2 Hudson Resources
  • 5.25 Guyana
  • 5.26 India
    • 5.26.1 Niobium production
    • 5.26.2 International trade
  • 5.27 Japan
    • 5.27.1 International trade
    • 5.27.2 Niobium processors
  • 5.28 Kazakhstan
    • 5.28.1 Niobium reserves
    • 5.28.2 International trade
    • 5.28.3 Niobium processors
      • 5.28.3.1 Ulba Metallurgical Plant
  • 5.29 Kenya
  • 5.30 Kyrgyzstan
  • 5.31 Malawi
    • 5.31.1 Niobium projects
      • 5.31.1.1 Globe Metals and Mining
  • 5.32 Malaysia
  • 5.33 Mongolia
  • 5.34 Morocco
  • 5.35 Mozambique
  • 5.36 Namibia
  • 5.37 Nigeria
    • 5.37.1 Niobium production and exports
  • 5.38 Portugal
  • 5.39 Paraguay
  • 5.40 Russia
    • 5.40.1 Niobium reserves
    • 5.40.2 International trade
    • 5.40.3 Niobium producers and processors
      • 5.40.3.1 Lovozero Mining-Concentrating Combine
      • 5.40.3.2 Solikamsk Magnesium Works
      • 5.40.3.3 Technoinvest Alliance
      • 5.40.3.4 Other
  • 5.41 Rwanda
  • 5.42 Saudi Arabia
  • 5.43 Sierra Leone
  • 5.44 Somalia
  • 5.45 South Africa
  • 5.46 Spain
  • 5.47 Tanzania
    • 5.47.1 Niobium projects
      • 5.47.1.1 Panda Hill Mines
      • 5.47.1.2 Peak Resources
  • 5.48 Thailand
  • 5.49 Uganda
  • 5.50 Ukraine
  • 5.51 UK
  • 5.52 USA
    • 5.52.1 Niobium reserves
    • 5.52.2 International trade
    • 5.52.3 Niobium projects
    • 5.52.3.1 NioCorp Developments
    • 5.52.4 Niobium processors
      • 5.52.4.1 ATI Wah Chang
      • 5.52.4.2 GAM Technology
      • 5.52.4.3 H.C. Starck
  • 5.53 Venezuela
  • 5.54 Zambia
  • 5.55 Zimbabwe

6 International trade in niobium minerals and products

  • 6.1 Niobium minerals
  • 6.2 Ferroniobium
  • 6.3 High-purity niobium oxide and niobium metal
  • 6.4 Trade controls

7 World consumption of niobium

  • 7.1 World consumption of niobium to 2012
  • 7.2 Consumption of niobium by form and application
  • 7.3 Consumption of niobium by region/country

8 Use of niobium in steel

  • 8.1 Alloy steels
    • 8.1.1 Strengthening mechanisms for steel
      • 8.1.1.1 Grain refinement
      • 8.1.1.2 Precipitation hardening
    • 8.1.2 Use of niobium in-high strength, low-alloys steels (HSLA)
      • 8.1.2.1 Structural applications
      • 8.1.2.2 Automotive steels
      • 8.1.2.3 Linepipe steels
      • 8.1.2.4 Pressure vessel steels
      • 8.1.2.5 High-strength steel castings
  • 8.2 Stainless and heat-resisting steels
    • 8.2.1 Types of stainless steel
    • 8.2.2 Stainless steel production and markets
      • 8.2.2.1 World production of stainless steel
      • 8.2.2.2 World consumption of stainless steel
  • 8.3 Other steels
    • 8.3.1 Interstitial-free steels
    • 8.3.2 Tool steels
    • 8.3.3 Rail steels
    • 8.3.4 Cast iron

9 Use of niobium in non-ferrous alloys

  • 9.1 High-performance alloys
    • 9.1.1 Types of high performance alloys
      • 9.1.1.1 Nickel-based alloys
      • 9.1.1.2 Cobalt-based alloys
      • 9.1.1.3 Iron-based alloys
    • 9.1.2 Markets for high-performance alloys
      • 9.1.2.1 Aerospace applications
      • 9.1.2.2 Non-aerospace applications
  • 9.2 Titanium alloys
  • 9.3 Zirconium alloys
  • 9.4 Other alloys

10 Use of niobium metal and niobium-based alloys

  • 10.1 Use of niobium-based alloys in superconductors
    • 10.1.1 Superconductor technology development
    • 10.1.2 Manufacturers of niobium superconductors
    • 10.1.3 Applications for superconductors
      • 10.1.3.1 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
      • 10.1.3.2 High-energy physics
      • 10.1.3.3 Electricity generation, storage and transmission
      • 10.1.3.4 Nuclear fusion research
      • 10.1.3.5 Magnetic levitation and propulsion systems
      • 10.1.3.6 Industrial cyclotrons and synchrotrons
      • 10.1.3.7 High-intensity magnetic separators
      • 10.1.3.8 Electronics
  • 10.2 Use of niobium-aluminium alloys
  • 10.3 Use of niobium-titanium alloys
  • 10.4 Use of niobium-zirconium alloys
  • 10.5 Use of niobium-hafnium alloys
  • 10.6 Use of other niobium alloys
  • 10.7 Use of niobium metal
    • 10.7.1 Cathodic protection
    • 10.7.2 Surgical implants
    • 10.7.3 Body jewellery
    • 10.7.4 Electronic devices
      • 10.7.4.1 Capacitors
      • 10.7.4.2 Other electronic devices
    • 10.7.5 Furnaces and other high-temperature manufacturing equipment
    • 10.7.6 Coinage
    • 10.7.7 Radioisotopes

11 Use of niobium chemicals

  • 11.1 Optical glass and enamels
  • 11.2 Electronics and optoelectronics
  • 11.3 Other uses for niobium chemicals

12 Niobium prices

  • 12.1 Niobium minerals
  • 12.2 Ferroniobium
  • 12.3 Other niobium products
  • 12.4 Price forecasts to 2017

13 Niobium outlook to 2017

  • 13.1 Outlook for world niobium supply
    • 13.1.1 Niobium minerals
    • 13.1.2 Ferroniobium
    • 13.1.3 Other niobium products
  • 13.2 Outlook for world niobium demand
    • 13.2.1 Drivers and limiters of niobium demand
      • 13.2.1.1 Global economic and market trends
      • 13.2.1.2 Incidence and intensity of ferroniobium use
      • 13.2.1.3 Relative pricing and risks of substitution for ferroniobium
      • 13.2.1.4 Stockpiles
  • 13.3 World niobium demand forecast
    • 13.3.1 Ferroniobium
    • 13.3.2 Other niobium products
  • 13.4 Forecast niobium supply-demand balance

Tables Listing

  • 1 Physical properties of niobium
  • 2 Oxidation and temperature resistance of niobium
  • 3 Principal niobium-bearing minerals
  • 4 CBMM: Commercial grades of ferroniobium and nickel-niobium
  • 5 CBMM: Specifications for commercial niobium oxides
  • 6 Cabot: Specifications for commercial niobium oxides
  • 7 Properties of niobium beryllides, boride and nitride
  • 8 Specifications for lithium niobate
  • 9 World: Mine production of niobium by country, 2007 to 2011
  • 10 World: Processors shipments of niobium for non-steel applications, 2000 to 2012
  • 11 World: Summary of the principal mine producers of niobium
  • 12 Summary of the principal processors of niobium
  • 13 World: Summary of the principal niobium mine projects
  • 14 Austria: Imports of ferroniobium and other niobium products, 2007 to 2012
  • 15 Belgium: International trade in ferroniobium and other niobium products, 2007 to 2012
  • 16 Brazil: Reserves of pyrochlore, 2005
  • 17 Brazil: Production of niobium products, 1990 to 2011
  • 18 Brazil: Exports of niobium-bearing ores and concentrates, 2007 to 2012
  • 19 Brazil: Exports of ferroniobium by principal destination, 2005 to 2012
  • 20 Brazil: Exports of high-purity niobium oxide, 2007 to 2011
  • 21 Anglo American Brasil: Niobium reserves (2009 model)
  • 22 Anglo American Brasil: Niobium reserves and resources (new model)
  • 23 Anglo American Brasil: Production of niobium, 2009 to 2012
  • 24 CBMM: Reserves and resources of niobium
  • 25 Burundi: Production of niobium minerals, 2003 to 2011
  • 26 Reported imports of tantalum and niobium minerals from Burundi, 2000 to 2012
  • 27 Canada: International trade in ferroniobium, 2005 to 2012
  • 28 Niobec: Production of niobium, 2009 to 2012
  • 29 Niobec: Niobium resources and reserves, as at 31st December 2010
  • 30 Niobec: Niobium reserves and resources under the block caving scenario
  • 31 F&X Electro-Materials: Production capacity for tantalum and niobium products, 2011 and 2012
  • 32 Reported imports of tantalum and niobium minerals from the DRC, 2007 to 2012
  • 33 Molycorp Silmet: Specifications for niobium and tantalum raw materials
  • 34 Estonia: International trade in niobium and tantalum products, 2007 to 2012
  • 35 Reported imports of tantalum and niobium concentrates from Ethiopia, 2007 to 2011
  • 36 France: International trade in ferroniobium and other niobium products, 2007 to 2012
  • 37 Germany: International trade in ferroniobium and other niobium products, 2007 to 2012
  • 38 India: International trade in ferroniobium and niobium minerals, 2007 to 2012
  • 39 Japan: Imports of ferroniobium, 2007 to 2012
  • 40 Kazakhstan: Principal deposits of tantalum and niobium-bearing ores
  • 41 Kazakhstan: Imports of tantalum-niobium minerals, 2007 to 2012
  • 42 Kyrgyzstan: Summary of identified niobium and tantalum occurrences
  • 43 Namibia: Summary of tantalum and niobium minerals resources
  • 44 Nigeria: Production of tantalum and niobium minerals, 2007 to 2011
  • 45 Reported imports of tantalum and niobium minerals from Nigeria, 2007 to 2012
  • 46 Russia: Principal deposits of tantalum- and niobium-bearing ores
  • 47 Russia: International trade in ferroniobium and niobium minerals, 2007 to 2012
  • 48 Reported imports of tantalum and niobium minerals from Rwanda, 2007 to 2012
  • 49 South Africa: Imports of tantalum and niobium minerals, 2007 to 2012
  • 50 UK: International trade in niobium products, 2007 to 2012
  • 51 USA: International trade in niobium, 2007 to 2012
  • 52 USA: Imports of tantalum and niobium minerals by country of origin, 2007 to 2012
  • 53 China: Reported imports of niobium-bearing minerals, 2005 to 2012
  • 54 Brazil and Canada: Exports of ferroniobium by principal destinations, 2007 to 2012
  • 55 North America: Imports of ferroniobium, 2007 to 2012
  • 56 Europe: Imports of ferroniobium, 2007 to 2012
  • 57 Asia: Imports of ferroniobium, 2007 to 2012
  • 58 USA: Imports of niobium oxide, 2005 to 2012
  • 59 USA: Imports of niobium metal, powders and alloys, 2005 to 2012
  • 60 World: Consumption of niobium, 2002 to 2012
  • 61 World: Average annual growth in niobium consumption, 2002 to 2012
  • 62 Summary of applications for niobium
  • 63 Summary of applications for steels containing niobium
  • 64 Properties influenced by microstructure and strengthening mechanisms for steel
  • 65 Principal precipitation-hardening mechanisms for steel
  • 66 Effects of niobium and vanadium additions on yield strength
  • 67 Summary of major purchasers of ferroniobium for HSLA steel production
  • 68 Typical composition of dual-phase steel
  • 69 Alloying additions and properties of ASTM grades of HSLA steels
  • 70 Niobium-containing hot-rolled and cold-rolled HSLA steels
  • 71 Niobium-containing full-alloy structural steels
  • 72 Typical HSLA steel automobile parts in Japan and Europe
  • 73 World: Production of passenger vehicles, 2004 to 2012
  • 74 Development of linepipe steels
  • 75 Composition of electric-resistance welded linepipe steels
  • 76 World: Gas pipeline construction by region, 2006 to 2012
  • 77 Niobium-containing maraging steels
  • 78 Composition of niobium-bearing heat-resistant steels
  • 79 Summary of major purchasers of ferroniobium for stainless steel production
  • 80 World: Production of crude stainless steel, 2002 to 2012
  • 81 World: Production of stainless steel by region and series, 2012
  • 82 World: Consumption of stainless steel, 2002 to 2010
  • 83 Composition of Nippon Steel interstitial-free steel
  • 84 Composition of niobium-containing rail steels
  • 85 Composition of niobium-containing superalloys
  • 86 Specifications for niobium materials used in superalloy manufacture
  • 87 World: Leading manufacturers of aircraft engines
  • 88 Niobium-containing titanium alloys
  • 89 Producers and fabricators of zirconium/Zircaloy for nuclear applications
  • 90 Development of metallic and ceramic superconductors
  • 91 Critical values for niobium-based superconductors
  • 92 World: Major superconducting wire producers
  • 93 Producers and suppliers of niobium compounds and carbides
  • 94 Selected properties of lithium niobate
  • 95 Properties and applications of niobate ferroelectric materials
  • 96 Catalytic applications of niobium compounds and complexes
  • 97 Applications for surface niobium oxide phases in catalysis
  • 98 Basic physical properties of selected carbides
  • 99 China: Average quarter-end prices of niobium and tantalum concentrates, 2008 to 2013
  • 100 China: Average quarter-end prices for niobium oxide, 2009 to 2013
  • 101 USA, Germany, Japan and China: Year-end average CIF import value of ferroniobium, 2012 and forecast to 2017
  • 102 Reported imports of tantalum and niobium concentrates from selected countries, 2007 to 2012
  • 103 World: Forecast ferroniobium capacity, 2013 to 2017
  • 104 World: Crude steel production growth, 1990 to 2020
  • 105 World: Forecast production of crude stainless steel by region, 2013 to 2017
  • 106 World: Major inter-regional gas pipeline projects
  • 107 Potential for substitution of ferrovanadium for ferrovanadium
  • 108 World: Forecast demand for niobium in non-steel applications, 2012 to 2017

Figures Listing

  • 1 World: Forecast ferroniobium capacity utilisation to 2017
  • 2 Processors shipments of ferroniobium and average annual US import value, 2000 to 2012
  • 3 World: Most likely resource base for tantalum minerals
  • 4 Solvent extraction of tantalum and niobium compounds
  • 5 Oxalate crystallisation process
  • 6 Aluminothermic production of ferroniobium
  • 7 Niobium production by the aluminothermic reduction process
  • 8 CBMM, Anglo American Brasil and Niobec: Grade of ore mined and estimated production cost
  • 9 World: Mine production of niobium, 1990 to 2012
  • 10 World: Shipments of ferroniobium, 2000 to 2012
  • 11 Brazil: Mine production of niobium, 1991 to 2011
  • 12 World: Imports of ferroniobium by region, 2007 to 2012
  • 13 Estimated consumption of ferroniobium by application, 2012
  • 14 World: Estimated consumption of ferroniobium by region/country, 2012
  • 15 Selected countries: Apparent consumption of ferroniobium in 2012 and average annual growth in consumption 2000 to 2012
  • 16 Use of niobium in high-strength steel
  • 17 World: Projected gas pipeline construction by region, 2013
  • 18 World: Share of crude stainless steel production by region, 2002 to 2012
  • 19 World: Share of stainless steel consumption by region, 2002 and 2010
  • 20 World: Use of stainless steel by market segment, 2012
  • 21 World: Estimated division of the high-performance alloys market by region, 2012
  • 22 World: Estimated division of the high-performance alloys market by application, 2012
  • 23 World: Estimated aerospace raw material demand, 2012
  • 24 Estimated aerospace raw material demand by air transport sector, 2012
  • 25 World: Jet airplane and engine deliveries, 1996 to 2012
  • 26 World: Gas turbine power generation orders, 1980 to 2011
  • 27 USA: Average annual value of ferroniobium imports, 1990 to 2012
  • 28 USA: Average monthly value of ferroniobium imports, 2009 to 2013
  • 29 US average annual value of ferroniobium imports and Brazilian exports of ferroniobium, 2005 to 2012
  • 30 Niobium chemicals, alloys and metal: Production capacity and processors shipments in 2012
  • 31 World: Correlation between crude steel production and ferroniobium consumption, 2000 to 2012
  • 32 USA and China: Forecast growth in construction, 2012 to 2021
  • 33 World: Forecast share of construction spending by region, 2015 and 2020
  • 34 USA: Growth in consumption of advanced high-strength steels in automobiles, 1995, 2005 and 2015
  • 35 World: Forecast jet airplane and engine deliveries, 2013 to 2020
  • 36 World and China: Forecast air travel demand, 2012 to 2032
  • 37 World: Aerospace raw material demand, 2012 to 2020
  • 38 World: Gas turbine production, 2012 to 2020
  • 39 Selected countries: Estimated intensity of use of ferroniobium in crude steel, 2007 to 2012
  • 40 Selected countries: Comparison of crude steel production and estimated intensity of use of ferroniobium, 2012
  • 41 Comparison of ferroniobium and ferrovanadium prices, 2000 to 2012
  • 42 World: Forecast demand for ferroniobium, 2012 to 2017
  • 43 World: Forecast ferroniobium supply-demand balance, 2012 to 2017
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