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市場調査レポート

コバルト:市場展望

Cobalt: Market Outlook to 2018, 12th Edition 2014

発行 Roskill Information Services 商品コード 48871
出版日 ページ情報 英文 327 Pages, 156 Tables and 121 Figures
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=101.75円で換算しております。
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コバルト:市場展望 Cobalt: Market Outlook to 2018, 12th Edition 2014
出版日: 2014年02月28日 ページ情報: 英文 327 Pages, 156 Tables and 121 Figures
概要

世界のコバルト需要は、世界最大の精製品生産国である中国の力強い成長に支えられ、2018年までに6%py以上の成長が予測されています。結果として、コバルト需要は11万トン以上になる見込みです。バッテリー用コバルトの需要は消費成長を促進すると見られ、9.2%pyの成長が予測されています。2014年の価格は、マダガスカルやフィリピンにおける新規プロジェクトの増加により、引き続き僅かな下降傾向が予測されています。その後、2018年まで高品質のコバルト価格は約3.6py増加すると見られ、価格は安定した前年比成長が予測されています。

当レポートでは、コバルトの産状、埋蔵量、世界分布などの分析に加え、国・企業別の生産量・消費量、エンドユーズ・エンドユーザー産業別製造・消費動向、輸出入動向、価格動向などについてまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 サマリー

第2章 コバルトの産出・地域・埋蔵量・加工

  • コバルトの算出
  • コバルトの地域
  • コバルトの埋蔵量・資源
  • コバルトの加工
  • コバルトのリサイクル

第3章 世界のコバルト生産量

  • コバルトの鉱山生産
  • コバルトの中間物生産
  • コバルトの精製物生産

第4章 コバルト生産:国・企業別

  • アルバニア
  • オーストラリア
  • ベルギー
  • ボツワナ
  • ブラジル
  • ブルキナファソ
  • ブルンジ
  • カメルーン
  • カナダ
  • 中国
  • コートジボワール
  • キューバ
  • コンゴ民主共和国(DRC)
  • フィンランド
  • フランス
  • グアテマラ
  • ギニア
  • インド
  • インドネシア
  • 日本
  • コソボ・マケドニア
  • マダガスカル
  • メキシコ
  • モロッコ
  • ニューカレドニア
  • ノルウェー
  • パプアニューギニア
  • フィリピン
  • ロシア
  • 南アフリカ
  • 韓国
  • スペイン
  • タンザニア
  • トルコ
  • ウガンダ
  • 英国
  • 米国
  • ザンビア
  • ジンバブエ

第5章 コバルトの国際貿易

  • コバルト鉱・濃縮物の貿易
  • コバルト中間製品の貿易
  • コバルト精製品の貿易

第6章 世界のコバルト消費

第7章 充電池におけるコバルトの利用

  • リチウムイオン電池
  • NiMHおよびNiCd電池
  • 充電式電池の生産
  • 充電式リチウムイオン電池材料の生産
  • 充電式リチウム電池の消費
  • NiMHおよびNiCd電池の消費
  • 充電式バッテリーにおけるコバルトの消費
  • 充電式バッテリー需要の展望

第8章 ニッケル合金におけるコバルトの利用

  • ニッケル基超合金
  • コバルト基超合金
  • 鉄基超合金
  • 超合金の生産
  • 超合金の消費
  • 超合金におけるコバルトの消費
  • 超合金需要の展望

第9章 工具材料におけるコバルトの利用

  • 超硬合金
  • 高速度鋼
  • 人工ダイヤモンド
  • 工具材料におけるコバルト消費の展望

第10章 触媒におけるコバルトの利用

  • 酸化
  • 水素処理・脱硫
  • フィッシャー・トロプシュ法
  • ヒドロホルミル化
  • 触媒におけるコバルトの消費
  • 触媒需要の展望

第11章 顔料・脱色剤におけるコバルトの利用

  • 顔料の生産・消費
  • 顔料におけるコバルトの消費
  • 顔料・脱色剤の需要展望

第12章 磁石におけるコバルトの利用

  • 軟磁石
  • 半硬質磁石
  • 硬磁石(永久磁石)
  • 磁石の生産
  • 磁石の消費
  • 磁石におけるコバルトの消費
  • 磁石需要の展望

第13章 石鹸におけるコバルトの利用

  • 塗料の生産
  • タイヤの生産
  • 塗料におけるコバルトの消費
  • タイヤにおけるコバルトの消費
  • 石鹸の需要展望

第14章 その他のエンドユーズ

  • 表面硬化およびその他の合金
  • 耐摩耗性医療用途
  • 農業
  • 電気めっき・電解採取

第15章 コバルトの需給バランス

  • コバルト供給の展望
  • コバルト需要の展望

第16章 コバルト価格

  • 過去のコバルト価格
  • コバルト価格の展望

図表リスト

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目次
Product Code: ISBN 978 0 86214 605 4

Are you facing big decisions involving cobalt?

The market for cobalt is global, and local events can make waves across the world. If you' re involved with cobalt in any way, you know that everything' s important - both the small details and the big picture. A complete perspective is essential, whether you' re preparing a company strategy, bringing product to market, buying, selling or investing.

Make the right choice

Whatever your challenge, this report gives you deep insights to help you make well-informed recommendations or decisions. It' s a detailed account of:

  • World production and consumption
  • End-use market applications
  • Demand projections
  • International trade patterns
  • The operations of the major producers
  • Potential new and expansion projects

Is this report for you?

Our clients include anyone with an interest in the evolving cobalt market, anywhere in the world. Readers of past reports have come from a wide range of relevant industries - from extraction to end-use, from raw material producers to consumers to banks, from existing players to new entrants. And they range from analysts and researchers to operational managers and chief executives.

Get accurate answers from independent experts

  • 1. How long will the currrent period of oversupply continue?
  • 2. Will changes in the DRC impact the international market?
  • 3. Which companies could bring additional mine and refined capacity into operation?
  • 4. What is the outlook for key end-use sectors such as batteries and nickel alloys?
  • 5. Will Chinese demand for cobalt raw materials continue to grow, and in what form?

Why readers choose Roskill

  • We' re approachable. Our sources include a large network of industry contacts: the key players talk to us because we' re approachable and because they know us well.
  • We' re independent. The information and insights in "Cobalt: Market Outlook to 2018" are completely independent. We' re privately owned and not beholden to anyone. Our expert researchers make a thorough and objective analysis of all available data, from sources across the globe.
  • We' re expert. You want facts from people who know what they' re talking about. Roskill' s experts have been analysing the cobalt industry for over 40 years and this is our 12th report on this sector.

This report gives you a full analysis of the key trends, issues and developments in the market, a clear insight into all areas of the industry and an authoritative analysis of its prospects.

Approachable. Independent. Expert.

That' s why no other report can match the accuracy, depth and expertise of "Cobalt: Market Outlook to 2018".

What else can we do for you?

We also offer expert bespoke consultancy to help you tackle specific complex challenges, such as feasibility studies, market assessments or due diligence reports.

Overview

The cobalt market went into oversupply in late 2009 and remains in surplus. Roskill expects supply to continue to outstrip demand in 2014 and 2015 as the ramping up of new projects and expansions continues. Thereafter, despite the potential for further new supply sources and expansion projects coming on stream, demand is forecast to grow at a higher rate than supply. However, it will take several years for the recent period of oversupply and resultant stockpiling to be reconciled, which is likely to keep prices in check over the medium term.

Developments in the DRC, the world' s largest mine producer, have the potential to significantly impact the market in 2014. The DRC government is known to want to increase domestic refining of copper and cobalt products and decrease exports of unrefined materials. Whilst the proposed export ban on concentrates did not come to fruition in 2013, government rhetoric suggests that such measures could still go ahead in the future.A blanket ban remains unlikely but the 2013 increase in export tax, from US$60/t to US$100/t, could be the first in a number of changes. Gécamines, the state-owned producer, is in the process of conducting a review of its partnerships to determine whether its interests are being preserved. This review, together with the expected introduction of a new mining code which could see an increase in royalty and tax rates, could have profound implications for foreign companies operating in the country.

Outside of the DRC, there are a number of potential mine projects that could produce additional cobalt raw materials. However, the vast majority are at a very early stage of exploration or development and it is likely that very few new operations will come on-stream before 2018. Additional cobalt mine supply is most likely to come from expansion projects at existing producers, which will also account for the majority of the additional processing capacity expected to come on stream by 2018. Additional refining capacity is also due to be commissioned over the medium term.

Future demand is expected to grow at more than 6%py to 2018, underpinned by strong growth in China, the world' s biggest refined producer. As a result, cobalt demand will reach over 110,000t. Demand for cobalt in battery applications will drive consumption growth and is forecast to grow at 9.2%py.

Prices are expected to continue on a slight downward trend in 2014 with the ramping up of new projects in Madagascar and the Philippines bringing additional material into the market and compounding the current oversupply situation. Thereafter, Roskill expects a modest year-on-year increase in prices with high grade cobalt prices increasing at roughly 3.6%py to 2018.

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Table of Contents

1. Summary

  • 1.1. Cobalt reserves
  • 1.2. Production
  • 1.3. Consumption
  • 1.4. Trade
  • 1.5. Prices
  • 1.6. Outlook

2. Occurrence, geology, reserves and processing of cobalt

  • 2.1. Occurrence of cobalt
  • 2.2. Geology of cobalt
    • 2.2.1. Sediment hosted deposits (copper-cobalt sulphide deposits)
    • 2.2.2. Magmatic sulphide deposits (nickel sulphide deposits)
    • 2.2.3. Laterite deposits (nickel laterite deposits)
    • 2.2.4. Hydrothermal deposits
    • 2.2.5. Manganese nodules and cobalt-rich crusts
  • 2.3. Cobalt reserves and resources
  • 2.4. Processing of cobalt
    • 2.4.1. Processing of copper-cobalt sulphides/oxides
    • 2.4.2. Processing of nickel sulphides
    • 2.4.3. Processing of nickel laterites
  • 2.5. Recycling of cobalt

3. World production of cobalt

  • 3.1. Mine production of cobalt
    • 3.1.1. Outlook for mine production of cobalt
  • 3.2. Intermediate production of cobalt
    • 3.2.1. Outlook for intermediate production of cobalt
  • 3.3. Refined production of cobalt
    • 3.3.1. Outlook for refined production of cobalt

4. Production of cobalt by country and company

  • 4.1. Albania
  • 4.2. Australia
    • 4.2.1. Mine production
      • 4.2.1.1. Mincor
      • 4.2.1.2. Panoramic Resources
    • 4.2.2. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.2.2.1. BHP Billiton (Nickel West)
      • 4.2.2.2. First Quantum Minerals (FQM) (Ravensthorpe)
    • 4.2.3. Mine and refined production
      • 4.2.3.1. Glencore Xstrata
      • 4.2.3.2. Norilsk Nickel
    • 4.2.4. Refined production
      • 4.2.4.1. Queensland Nickel
    • 4.2.5. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.2.5.1. Augur Resources
      • 4.2.5.2. Broken Hill
      • 4.2.5.3. Compass Resources
      • 4.2.5.4. CuDeco
      • 4.2.5.5. Fox Resources
      • 4.2.5.6. Gladstone Pacific Nickel
      • 4.2.5.7. GME Resources
      • 4.2.5.8. Gunson Resources
      • 4.2.5.9. Havilah Resources
      • 4.2.5.10. Heron Resources
      • 4.2.5.11. IvanPlats Syerston
      • 4.2.5.12. Jervois Mining
      • 4.2.5.13. Metallica Minerals
      • 4.2.5.14. Metals Finance
      • 4.2.5.15. Metals X
      • 4.2.5.16. Norilsk Nickel
      • 4.2.5.17. Platina Resources
      • 4.2.5.18. Sirius Resources
      • 4.2.5.19. Weld Range
      • 4.2.5.20. Western Areas
    • 4.2.6. International trade
  • 4.3. Belgium
    • 4.3.1. Refined production
      • 4.3.1.1. Umicore
    • 4.3.2. International trade
  • 4.4. Botswana
    • 4.4.1. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.4.1.1. BCL
    • 4.4.2. Potential producers of cobalt
  • 4.5. Brazil
    • 4.5.1. Mine production
      • 4.5.1.1. Mirabela Nickel
      • 4.5.1.2. Promet?lica Mining
    • 4.5.2. Mine and refined production
      • 4.5.2.1. Votorantim Group
    • 4.5.3. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.5.3.1. Anglo American
      • 4.5.3.2. Vale
    • 4.5.4. International trade
  • 4.6. Burkina Faso
  • 4.7. Burundi
  • 4.8. Cameroon
  • 4.9. Canada
    • 4.9.1. Mine production
      • 4.9.1.1. First Nickel
      • 4.9.1.2. KGHM International
    • 4.9.2. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.9.2.1. Glencore Xstrata
    • 4.9.3. Mine and refined production
      • 4.9.3.1. Vale
    • 4.9.4. Refined production
      • 4.9.4.1. Sherritt International Corporation
      • 4.9.4.2. Umicore
    • 4.9.5. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.9.5.1. Canadian Royalties
      • 4.9.5.2. Fortune Minerals
      • 4.9.5.3. Global Cobalt
      • 4.9.5.4. Hard Creek Nickel
      • 4.9.5.5. Landore Resources
      • 4.9.5.6. Lonmin
      • 4.9.5.7. Starfield Resources
      • 4.9.5.8. Strongbow Exploration
      • 4.9.5.9. Royal Nickel
    • 4.9.6. International trade
  • 4.10. China
    • 4.10.1. Mine production
      • 4.10.1.1. Hainan Mining
      • 4.10.1.2. Shandong Jinling Mining
      • 4.10.1.3. Wuhan Iron and Steel
      • 4.10.1.4. Zhongtiaoshan Nonferrous
    • 4.10.2. Mine and refined production
      • 4.10.2.1. Jinchuan Non-ferrous Metals Corp (JNMC)
      • 4.10.2.2. Xinjiang XinXin
      • 4.10.2.3. Zibo Cobalt Company
    • 4.10.3. Refined production
      • 4.10.3.1. ALT Cobalt & Nickel Products (Dalian)
      • 4.10.3.2. Chengdu Shudu Nano-Science
      • 4.10.3.3. Cixi Feilan Non-ferrous Metals
      • 4.10.3.4. Ganzhou Tengyuan Cobalt
      • 4.10.3.5. Han Rui Cobalt
      • 4.10.3.6. Jiangsu Changzhou KTK Bofan Energy & New Material
      • 4.10.3.7. Jiangsu Cobalt Nickel Metal (KLK)
      • 4.10.3.8. Jiangsu Xiongfeng Technology
      • 4.10.3.9. Jiangxi Rare Metal & Tungsten Cobalt Industry (JXTC)
      • 4.10.3.10. Jianhong New Material
      • 4.10.3.11. Jiayuan Cobalt Holdings
      • 4.10.3.12. Loudi Hongtaiyang New Battery Materials
      • 4.10.3.13. Nantong Xinwei Nickel and Cobalt Hightech Development
      • 4.10.3.14. New Era Group Zhejiang New Energy Material
      • 4.10.3.15. Ningbo Coboto Cobalt and Nickel
      • 4.10.3.16. Ningbo Hualisi Chemical Industry
      • 4.10.3.17. Ningbo New Century Chemical
      • 4.10.3.18. Ningbo Yanmen Chemical
      • 4.10.3.19. Shanghai Ningxi Industrial Resources
      • 4.10.3.20. Shanghai Ruihong Chemical
      • 4.10.3.21. Shenzhen Green Eco-Manufacture Hi-Tech (GEM)
      • 4.10.3.22. Sichuan FuYuZheng Mining (Guang'an Cota Metal)
      • 4.10.3.23. Umicore
      • 4.10.3.24. Wanbao Mining
      • 4.10.3.25. Xiamen Tungsten
      • 4.10.3.26. Yantai Cash Industrial
      • 4.10.3.27. Zhangjiagang Huayi Chemical
      • 4.10.3.28. Zhejiang Galico Cobalt and Nickel
      • 4.10.3.29. Zhejiang Huayou Cobalt
    • 4.10.4. International trade
  • 4.11. Cote dIvoire
  • 4.12. Cuba
    • 4.12.1. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.12.1.1. Grupo Empresarial Cuban?quel
      • 4.12.1.2. Moa Bay
    • 4.12.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.12.2.1. Las Camariocas
      • 4.12.2.2. Others
    • 4.12.3. International trade
  • 4.13. Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
    • 4.13.1. The production landscape in the DRC
      • 4.13.1.1. Infrastructure and energy supply
      • 4.13.1.2. Mining code
      • 4.13.1.3. Asset ownership
    • 4.13.2. Mine production
      • 4.13.2.1. Ameropa (ROQ Mining)
      • 4.13.2.2. Bolfast Mining
      • 4.13.2.3. CuCo Resources
      • 4.13.2.4. China National Overseas Engineering (MKM)
      • 4.13.2.5. ENRC
      • 4.13.2.6. Shituru Mining Corporation
      • 4.13.2.7. Soci?t? de D?veloppement Industriel et Minier (Sodimico)
      • 4.13.2.8. Tiger Resources
      • 4.13.2.9. Volcano Mining
    • 4.13.3. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.13.3.1. Corporate Congo Mining International (CIMCO)
      • 4.13.3.2. Groupe Forrest International (GFI)
      • 4.13.3.3. Metal Mines
      • 4.13.3.4. Metorex
      • 4.13.3.5. Sichuan FuYuZheng Mining (Guang'an Cota Metal)
      • 4.13.3.6. Soci?t? Miniere Du Katanga (Somika)
      • 4.13.3.7. Tenke Fungurume Mining (TFM)
      • 4.13.3.8. Zhejiang Huayou Cobalt
    • 4.13.4. Intermediate production
      • 4.13.4.1. Groupe Bazano
      • 4.13.4.2. Norinco
    • 4.13.5. Mine and refined production
      • 4.13.5.1. La G?n?rale des Carri?res et des Mines (G?camines)
      • 4.13.5.2. Glencore Xstrata
      • 4.13.5.3. Shalina Resources (Chemaf)
    • 4.13.6. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.13.6.1. African Metals Corporation
      • 4.13.6.2. Compagnie Mini?re de Luisha (Comilu)
      • 4.13.6.3. ENRC
      • 4.13.6.4. La Generale Industrielle et Commerciale au Congo
      • 4.13.6.5. Ivanhoe
      • 4.13.6.6. Managem
      • 4.13.6.7. Mwana Africa
      • 4.13.6.8. Phelps Dodge Congo (PDC)
      • 4.13.6.9. Sino-Congolais des Mines (Sicomines)
      • 4.13.6.10. Soci?t? Mini?re de Kolwezi (SMK)
    • 4.13.7. International trade
  • 4.14. Finland
    • 4.14.1. Mine production
      • 4.14.1.1. Talvivaara Mining
    • 4.14.2. Intermediate production
      • 4.14.2.1. Norilsk Nickel
    • 4.14.3. Refined production
      • 4.14.3.1. Freeport Cobalt
    • 4.14.4. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.14.4.1. Altona Mining
      • 4.14.4.2. Belvedere Resources
      • 4.14.4.3. Magnus Minerals / Western Areas
    • 4.14.5. International trade
  • 4.15. France
    • 4.15.1. Refined production
      • 4.15.1.1. Eramet
  • 4.16. Guatemala
  • 4.17. Guinea
  • 4.18. India
    • 4.18.1. Refined production
      • 4.18.1.1. Nicomet Industries
    • 4.18.2. International trade
  • 4.19. Indonesia
    • 4.19.1. Mine production
      • 4.19.1.1. PT Antam
    • 4.19.2. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.19.2.1. Vale Indonesia
    • 4.19.3. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.19.3.1. Eramet
      • 4.19.3.2. Feni Haltim
      • 4.19.3.3. Gag Nikel
      • 4.19.3.4. Rio Tinto
    • 4.19.4. International trade
  • 4.20. Japan
    • 4.20.1. Refined production
      • 4.20.1.1. Sumitomo Metal Mining (SMM)
  • 4.21. Kosovo and Macedonia
  • 4.22. Madagascar
    • 4.22.1. Mine and refined production
      • 4.22.1.1. Sherritt International
  • 4.23. Mexico
  • 4.24. Morocco
    • 4.24.1. Mine and refined production
      • 4.24.1.1. Compagnie de Tifnout Tighanimine (CTT)
    • 4.24.2. International trade
  • 4.25. New Caledonia
    • 4.25.1. Mine production
      • 4.25.1.1. Soci?t? Mini?re du Sud Pacifique (SMSP)
    • 4.25.2. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.25.2.1. Soci?t? Le Nickel (SLN)
      • 4.25.2.2. Vale
    • 4.25.3. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.25.3.1. Argosy Minerals/ Norilsk Mining
      • 4.25.3.2. Groupe Ballande Figesbal/Sumitomo
    • 4.25.4. International trade
  • 4.26. Norway
    • 4.26.1. Refined production
      • 4.26.1.1. Glencore Xstrata
    • 4.26.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.26.2.1. Drake Resources
      • 4.26.2.2. First Point Minerals
    • 4.26.3. International trade
  • 4.27. Papua New Guinea
    • 4.27.1. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.27.1.1. Ramu NiCo Management
    • 4.27.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.27.2.1. Oro Nickel
      • 4.27.2.2. Resource Mining Corporation
    • 4.27.3. International trade
  • 4.28. Philippines
    • 4.28.1. Mine production
      • 4.28.1.1. Benguet Corporation
      • 4.28.1.2. DMCI Mining Corporation
      • 4.28.1.3. ENK
    • 4.28.2. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.28.2.1. Coral Bay Nickel Corporation (CNBC)
      • 4.28.2.2. Nickel Asia Corporation (NAC)
    • 4.28.3. Intermediate production
      • 4.28.3.1. Sumitomo Metal Mining (SMM)
    • 4.28.4. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.28.4.1. Intex Resources
      • 4.28.4.2. Philnico Mining and Industrial Corporation
      • 4.28.4.3. Toledo Mining Corporation
    • 4.28.5. International trade
  • 4.29. Russia
    • 4.29.1. Mine and refined production
      • 4.29.1.1. Norilsk Nickel
    • 4.29.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.29.2.1. Global Cobalt
      • 4.29.2.2. Highmetals KDS
      • 4.29.2.3. Yuzhuralnickel (South Urals Nickel Company)
    • 4.29.3. International trade
  • 4.30. South Africa
    • 4.30.1. Mine production
      • 4.30.1.1. African Rainbow Minerals
    • 4.30.2. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.30.2.1. Lonmin
      • 4.30.2.2. Northam Platinum
    • 4.30.3. Mine and refined production
      • 4.30.3.1. Anglo American Platinum
      • 4.30.3.2. Implats
    • 4.30.4. Refined production
      • 4.30.4.1. Shu Powders
    • 4.30.5. International trade
  • 4.31. South Korea
    • 4.31.1. Refined production
      • 4.31.1.1. Metal Chemical Company
    • 4.31.2. International trade
  • 4.32. Spain
  • 4.33. Tanzania
  • 4.34. Turkey
    • 4.34.1. Mine production
      • 4.34.1.1. Meta Nikel
    • 4.34.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.34.2.1. Nikel Madencilik
  • 4.35. Uganda
    • 4.35.1. Tailings and refined production
      • 4.35.1.1. Kasese Cobalt (KCCL)
    • 4.35.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.35.2.1. Tibet Hima-Industry Company Industry
      • 4.35.2.2. Vangold
  • 4.36. UK
    • 4.36.1. Refined production
      • 4.36.1.1. Vale
    • 4.36.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.36.2.1. Alba Mineral Resources
  • 4.37. USA
    • 4.37.1. Producers of cobalt compounds
      • 4.37.1.1. CP Chemicals
      • 4.37.1.2. Hunter Chemical
      • 4.37.1.3. OM Group (OMG)
      • 4.37.1.4. Shepherd Chemical Company
      • 4.37.1.5. Umicore
      • 4.37.1.6. Others
    • 4.37.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.37.2.1. Formation Metals
      • 4.37.2.2. Lundin Mining
      • 4.37.2.3. Polymet Mining
      • 4.37.2.4. Twin Metals Minnesota
  • 4.38. Zambia
    • 4.38.1. Mine production
      • 4.38.1.1. Barrick Gold
    • 4.38.2. Mine and intermediate production
      • 4.38.2.1. China Nonferrous Metal Mining Group (CNMC)
      • 4.38.2.2. Konkola Copper Mines (KCM)
    • 4.38.3. Refined production
      • 4.38.3.1. ENRC
    • 4.38.4. Mine and refined production
      • 4.38.4.1. Glencore Xstrata
    • 4.38.5. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.38.5.1. Jin Tuo Investment
      • 4.38.5.2. African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) and Vale
      • 4.38.5.3. Caledonia Mining
    • 4.38.6. International trade
  • 4.39. Zimbabwe
    • 4.39.1. Mine production
      • 4.39.1.1. Mimosa Investments
      • 4.39.1.2. Zimplats Holdings Limited (Zimplats)
    • 4.39.2. Potential producers of cobalt
      • 4.39.2.1. Bindura Nickel (BNC)

5. International trade in cobalt

  • 5.1. Trade in cobalt ores and concentrates
  • 5.2. Trade in intermediate cobalt products
  • 5.3. Trade in refined cobalt products

6. World consumption of cobalt

7. Use of cobalt in rechargeable batteries

  • 7.1. Lithium-ion batteries
  • 7.2. NiMH and NiCd batteries
  • 7.3. Production of rechargeable batteries
    • 7.3.1. Producers of rechargeable lithium batteries
    • 7.3.2. Producers of nickel metal hydride batteries
  • 7.4. Production of rechargeable lithium battery materials
    • 7.4.1. Producers of rechargeable lithium battery materials
  • 7.5. Consumption of rechargeable lithium batteries
    • 7.5.1. Computing, communication and consumer (3C) market
    • 7.5.2. Power devices and motive power
    • 7.5.3. Heavy duty applications
    • 7.5.4. Transportation
  • 7.6. Consumption of NiMH and NiCd batteries
  • 7.7. Consumption of cobalt in rechargeable batteries
    • 7.7.1. Consumption by application and form
  • 7.8. Outlook for demand for rechargeable batteries
    • 7.8.1. Outlook for consumption of cobalt in rechargeable batteries

8. Use of cobalt in nickel alloys

  • 8.1. Nickel-base superalloys
  • 8.2. Cobalt-base superalloys
  • 8.3. Iron-base superalloys
  • 8.4. Production of superalloys
    • 8.4.1. Manufacture and processing of superalloys
  • 8.5. Consumption of superalloys
    • 8.5.1. Aerospace
    • 8.5.2. IGT
    • 8.5.3. Industrial
    • 8.5.4. Automotive
    • 8.5.5. Oil and Gas
    • 8.5.6. Other
  • 8.6. Consumption of cobalt in superalloys
  • 8.7. Outlook for demand for superalloys
    • 8.7.1. Outlook for consumption of cobalt in nickel alloys

9. Use of cobalt in tool materials

  • 9.1. Cemented carbides
    • 9.1.1. Carbide cutting tool design
    • 9.1.2. Production of cemented carbides
    • 9.1.3. Consumption of cemented carbides
    • 9.1.4. Consumption of cobalt in cemented carbides
  • 9.2. High speed steels
  • 9.3. Synthetic diamonds
  • 9.4. Outlook for cobalt consumption in tool materials

10. Use of cobalt in catalysts

  • 10.1. Oxidation
  • 10.2. Hydro-treating and desulphurisation
  • 10.3. Fischer Tropsch
  • 10.4. Hydroformulation
  • 10.5. Consumption of cobalt in catalysts
    • 10.5.1. Recycling and regeneration
  • 10.6. Outlook for demand for catalysts
    • 10.6.1. Oxidation
    • 10.6.2. Hydro-treating and desulphurisation
    • 10.6.3. Fischer Tropsch
    • 10.6.4. Hydroformulation
    • 10.6.5. Outlook for consumption of cobalt in catalysts

11. Use of cobalt in pigments and decolourisers

  • 11.1. Production and consumption of pigments
  • 11.2. Consumption of cobalt in pigments
    • 11.2.1. Cobalt pigments in ceramics
    • 11.2.2. Cobalt pigments and decolourisers in glass
    • 11.2.3. Cobalt pigmentation of aluminium
  • 11.3. Outlook for demand for pigments and decolourisers
    • 11.3.1. Outlook for consumption of cobalt in pigments and decolourisers

12. Use of cobalt in magnets

  • 12.1. Soft magnets
  • 12.2. Semi-hard magnets
  • 12.3. Hard (permanent) magnets
  • 12.4. Production of magnets
  • 12.5. Consumption of magnets
  • 12.6. Consumption of cobalt in magnets
  • 12.7. Outlook for demand for magnets
    • 12.7.1. Outlook for consumption of cobalt in magnets

13. Use of cobalt in soaps

  • 13.1. Production of paint
  • 13.2. Production of tyres
  • 13.3. Consumption of cobalt in paints
  • 13.4. Consumption of cobalt in tyres
  • 13.5. Outlook for demand for soaps
    • 13.5.1. Outlook for consumption of cobalt in soaps

14. Cobalt in other end uses

  • 14.1. Hardfacing and other alloys
  • 14.2. Wear resistant medical applications
  • 14.3. Agriculture
  • 14.4. Electroplating and electrowinning

15. Cobalt supply and demand balance

  • 15.1. Cobalt supply outlook
  • 15.2. Cobalt demand outlook

16. Cobalt prices

  • 16.1. Historical cobalt prices
  • 16.2. Outlook for cobalt prices

List of Tables:

  • 1. General properties of cobalt
  • 2. Cobalt ore minerals
  • 3. Geological settings with high cobalt concentrations
  • 4. World: Estimated cobalt reserves and resources, 2012
  • 5. Lifetimes and end-of-life recycling rates for cobalt-bearing products
  • 6. World: Mine production by company, 2012
  • 7. World: Selected potential mine producers of cobalt, 2013 to 2018
  • 8. World: Major producers of cobalt intermediates
  • 9. World: Selected potential intermediate producers of cobalt, 2013 to 2018
  • 10. World: Potential intermediate cobalt processing capacity closures, 2013 to 2018
  • 11. World: Major producers of refined cobalt chemicals, 2012
  • 12. World: Major producers of refined cobalt metal, 2012
  • 13. World: Potential new and expanded refined cobalt capacity, 2013 to 2018
  • 14. World: Potential refined cobalt capacity closures, 2013 to 2018
  • 15. Australia: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 16. Australia: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 17. Australia: Panoramic Resources: Mineral resources
  • 18. Australia: FQM: Ravensthorpe mineral resources
  • 19. Australia: Murrin Murrin: Mineral resources
  • 20. Australia: Glencore Xstrata: Minara Resources nickel and cobalt production, 2008 to 2013
  • 21. Australia: Glencore Xstrata: Nickel and cobalt in concentrate production at Cosmos and Sinclair, 2008 to 2012
  • 22. Belgium: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 23. Botswana: Mine production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 24. Brazil: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 25. Brazil: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 26. Brazil: Mirabela Nickel: Quarterly production, 2011 to 2013 Q3
  • 27. Cameroon: Geovic: Nkamouna project reserves and resources
  • 28. Canada: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 29. Canada: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 30. Canada: Glencore Xstrata: Production, 2011 to 2013 H1
  • 31. Canada: Vale: Cobalt ore reserves
  • 32. Canada: Vale: Mine production of cobalt, 2010 to 2013
  • 33. Canada: Sherritt International: Production of nickel and cobalt, 2000 to 2013
  • 34. China: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 35. China: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 36. Cuba: Mine production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 37. Cuba: Moa Bay: Production of nickel and cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 38. China: Imports of cobalt ores and concentrates from Cuba, 2008 to 2013
  • 39. DRC: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 40. DRC: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 41. ENRC: Summary of Mineral Resources (DRC and Zambia)
  • 42. DRC: ENRC: Saleable Cobalt Concentrates, 2009 to 2013
  • 43. DRC: Boss Mining: Mineral Resources
  • 44. DRC: Tiger Resources: Stage 2 Kipoi Central Deposit, 2013
  • 45. DRC: Metorex: Ruashi Mineral Reserves and Resources, 2011
  • 46. DRC: Metorex: Ruashi production, 2009 to 2012
  • 47. DRC: Metorex: Musonoi Est Mineral Resources, 2011
  • 48. DRC: Freeport-McMoRan: Reserves and Mineral Resources, 2012
  • 49. DRC: Tenke Fungurume: Production of copper and cobalt, 2009 to 2013
  • 50. DRC: Gcamines: Operations, 2013
  • 51. Gcamines: Partnerships at feasibility study and construction stage, 2013
  • 52. Gcamines: Partnerships at production stage, 2013
  • 53. DRC: Gcamines: Production of cobalt and copper, 2008 to 2012
  • 54. DRC: Glencore Xstrata: KML Reserves and Mineral Resources, 2012
  • 55. DRC: Glencore Xstrata: KML production, 2011 to 2013 H1
  • 56. DRC: Glencore Xstrata: Mutanda production, 2011 to 2013 H1
  • 57. DRC: Chemaf: Summary of Mineral Resources, 2012
  • 58. DRC: Chemaf: Production of copper and cobalt, 2008 to 2012
  • 59. DRC: Kalukundi: Mineral Resources
  • 60. DRC: ENRC: Kabolela Mineral Resources
  • 61. DRC: Infrastructure projects financed through Sicomines
  • 62. Finland: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 63. Finland: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 64. France: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 65. India: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 66. Indonesia: Mine production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 67. Indonesia: Antam: Nickel production, 2008 to 2013
  • 68. Indonesia: Vale Indonesia nickel matte production, 2008 to 2013
  • 69. Japan: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 70. Madagascar: Mine production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 71. Morocco: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 72. New Caledonia: Mine production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 73. Norway: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 74. Philippines: Mine production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 75. Russia: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 76. Russia: Norilsk Nickel production, 2008 to 2013 H1
  • 77. Russia: Norilsk Nickel Polar Division mining assets
  • 78. Russia: Norilsk Nickel MMC Kola mining assets
  • 79. South Africa: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 80. South Africa: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 81. South Africa: African Rainbow Minerals production, 2009 to 2013
  • 82. Lonmin: Refined nickel production, 2008 to 2013
  • 83. South Africa: Anglo Platinum: Refined production, 2008 to 2013 H1
  • 84. South Korea: Refined production, 2008 to 2013
  • 85. Uganda: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 86. Zambia: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 87. Zambia: Overview of cobalt production operations
  • 88. Chambishi Metals: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013 H1
  • 89. Mopani: Refined production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 90. World: Exports of cobalt ores and concentrates, 2008 to 2013
  • 91. World: Imports of cobalt ores and concentrates, 2008 to 2013
  • 92. World: Trade matrix of cobalt ores and concentrates, 2012
  • 93. World: Trade matrix of cobalt ores and concentrates, 2011
  • 94. Selected Countries: Estimated trade in primary cobalt-containing ores/concentrates, 2012
  • 95. World: Trade matrix of cobalt intermediates, 2012
  • 96. World: Trade matrix of nickel mattes, 2012
  • 97. Selected Countries: Estimated trade in cobalt-containing intermediates, 2012
  • 98. World: Trade matrix of oxides and hydroxides, 2012
  • 99. World: International trade of cobalt chloride, 2006 to 2012
  • 100. World: International trade of cobalt acetate, 2006 to 2012
  • 101. Selected Countries: Estimated trade in refined cobalt, 2012
  • 102. Japan: Producers of lithium-ion battery cathode materials, 2013
  • 103. South Korea: Producers of lithium-ion battery cathode materials, 2013
  • 104. China: Producers of lithium-ion battery cathode materials, 2013
  • 105. World: Lithium battery consumption in 3C products, 2012
  • 106. World: Lithium battery consumption in power devices and motive power, 2012
  • 107. World: Lithium battery consumption in heavy duty applications, 2012
  • 108. World: Lithium battery consumption in transport applications, 2012
  • 109. World: Cobalt consumption in batteries, 2013
  • 110. World: Rechargeable lithium battery demand by market, 2013 and 2018
  • 111. World: Comparison of EV production estimates in 2017 by industry consultant
  • 112. World: Forecast rechargeable battery consumption in EVs, 2017
  • 113. Elements and their function in superalloys
  • 114. Producers of superalloys
  • 115. Commercial aero engines by thrust, aircraft type and manufacturer
  • 116. Composition of selected cobalt-containing superalloys
  • 117. Basic data for different WC-Co and WC-(W, Ti, Ta, Nb) C-Co hardmetal grades
  • 118. Grades of hardmetal by ISO, US and BHMA classification
  • 119. China: Production of cemented carbides, 2008 to 2013
  • 120. USA: Production of cemented carbides, 2006 to 2013
  • 121. Japan: Production of ultra-hard metals by end-use, 2006 to 2013
  • 122. Europe: Production of hardmetals, 2006 to 2013
  • 123. World: Producers of cemented carbides
  • 124. Japan and USA: Cobalt consumption in hardmetals, 2008 to 2013
  • 125. Typical compositions of selected high speed steels
  • 126. World: Major Producers of PTA, 2013
  • 127. Producers of cobalt-based catalysts for oil refining
  • 128. World: Operational GTL producers
  • 129. World: Production of ceramics by region, by type, 2013
  • 130. Typical cobalt-containing ceramic pigments
  • 131. World: Production of ceramic tiles by leading countries, 2007 to 2012
  • 132. Italy: Most important pigments for tile manufacturing
  • 133. Typical batch compositions of various glass types
  • 134. World: Estimated production of glass by region and type, 2012
  • 135. Comparison of permanent magnet types
  • 136. Typical composition of Alnico alloy
  • 137. World: Production of permanent magnets, by region, 2006 to 2013
  • 138. World: Production of permanent magnets, by type, 2006 to 2013
  • 139. Common end-uses of Alnico magnets
  • 140. Common end-uses of SmCo magnets
  • 141. Common end-uses of NdFeB magnets
  • 142. Compositions of selected soft magnetic materials Fe bal.
  • 143. Compositions of selected semi-hard magnetic materials Fe bal.
  • 144. Compositions of selected hard magnetic materials Fe bal.
  • 145. World: Forecast permanent magnet production, by type, 2013 to 2018
  • 146. World: Production of car and truck tyres, 2012
  • 147. Effectiveness of metal soap driers
  • 148. Typical solvent-borne alkyd paint composition
  • 149. Typical and maximum concentrations for ambient cure alkyd drier systems
  • 150. Stellite cobalt alloy composition, 2013
  • 151. World: Demand for refined cobalt, 2013 and 2018
  • 152. Europe: Low grade cobalt metal, monthly average prices, 2003 to 2013
  • 153. Europe: High grade cobalt metal, monthly average prices, 2003 to 2013
  • 154. Europe: Baseline cobalt metal price forecast, 2013e to 2018f
  • 155. Potential upside and downside risks to price forecasts
  • 156. Cobalt price risk and impact matrix

List of Figures:

  • 1. World: Mine production of cobalt, by country, 2008 to 2013
  • 2. World: Refined production of cobalt, 2003 to 2013
  • 3. World: Consumption of cobalt, by end use, 2008 to 2013
  • 4. World: Apparent consumption of cobalt, by region, 2013
  • 5. Europe: MB free market price in warehouse, 2003 to 2013
  • 6. Cobalt resources by country, and main deposit type, 2013
  • 7. World: Cobalt reserves and resources, 2012
  • 8. World: Cobalt resources by status, and ore type, 2013
  • 9. World: Mineral resources and cobalt grade for major ore types, 2012
  • 10. World: Mine production of cobalt, 1973 to 2013
  • 11. World: Mine production of cobalt, by country, 2008 to 2013
  • 12. World: Mine production of cobalt, by country 2013
  • 13. World: Processing capacity and production of intermediate cobalt by feedstock type, 2012
  • 14. World: Refined production of cobalt, 2003 to 2013
  • 15. World: Refined production of cobalt, 2013
  • 16. World: Refined production of cobalt, by form and country, 2012
  • 17. Australia: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 18. Australia: BHP Billiton: Diagram of operations, 2013
  • 19. Australia: Exports of refined cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 20. Belgium: Imports of cobalt intermediates, 2008 to 2013
  • 21. Brazil: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 22. Brazil: Exports of refined cobalt products, 2008 to 2013
  • 23. Canada: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 24. Canada: Exports of cobalt products, 2008 to 2013
  • 25. China: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 26. China: Imports of cobalt ores and concentrates, 2008 to 2013
  • 27. China: Imports of intermediate cobalt materials, 2008 to 2013
  • 28. DRC: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 29. DRC: Gcamines: Partnerships by stage, 2013
  • 30. DRC: Exports of cobalt ores and concentrates, 2003 to 2013
  • 31. Finland: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 32. Finland: Imports of cobalt, by type, 2008 to 2013,
  • 33. Indonesia: Exports of nickel, by type, 2006 to 2013,
  • 34. Japan: SMM: Production Process of Electrolytic Nickel and Cobalt
  • 35. Morocco: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 36. Morocco: Exports of cobalt metal, 2008 to 2013,
  • 37. New Caledonia: Exports of nickel, by type, 2008 to 2013,
  • 38. Norway: Imports of nickel matte, 2008 to 2013
  • 39. Philippines: Exports of nickel, by type, 2008 to 2013
  • 40. Russia: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2012
  • 41. Russia: Exports of cobalt, by type, 2008 to 2013,
  • 42. South Africa: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 43. Zambia: Production of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 44. Zambia: International trade of cobalt, 2008 to 2013
  • 45. World: Apparent consumption of cobalt, by region, 2013
  • 46. World: Consumption of cobalt, by end use, 2008 to 2013
  • 47. World: Consumption of cobalt, by end use, 2008 and 2013
  • 48. World: Consumption of cobalt, by sector, 2013
  • 49. USA: Consumption of cobalt, by form, 2011
  • 50. Specific energy and energy density of rechargeable batteries
  • 51. Lithium-ion battery schematic
  • 52. World: Production of rechargeable batteries, 1995 to 2013
  • 53. World: Production of rechargeable batteries, 1995 to 2013
  • 54. World: Rechargeable Li-ion production by country, 2000 to 2013
  • 55. Lithium-ion battery materials value chain
  • 56. Li-ion cell, average cost breakdown, 2013
  • 57. World: Production of lithium cathode materials by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 58. World: Market for rechargeable lithium batteries by end-use, 2003, 2008 and 2013
  • 59. World: Market for rechargeable lithium batteries by end-use, 2013
  • 60. World: Consumption of cobalt, by rechargeable battery type, 2013
  • 61. World: Production of rechargeable batteries by cathode type, and consumption of cobalt, 2000 to 2013
  • 62. World: Market for rechargeable lithium batteries by end-use, 2003 to 2018
  • 63. World: Production of rechargeable batteries, consumption of lithium, and consumption of cobalt 2000 to 2018
  • 64. World: Nickel alloy consumption, 2008 to 2013
  • 65. World: Nickel alloy consumption, by industry 2013
  • 66. World: Production of nickel alloys, 2013
  • 67. Superalloys: Elemental effects of minor metals, 2013
  • 68. World: Consumption of superalloys by end-use, 2013
  • 69. Deliveries of aero engines by producing company, 2000 to 2013
  • 70. World: Passenger aircraft deliveries, 1980 to 2013
  • 71. Participating companies: Gas turbine orders, 2000 to 2012
  • 72. World: Consumption of energy by fuel, 2006 to 2013
  • 73. Minor metal consumption in superalloys
  • 74. Metallic composition of a typical aeroengine, volume and value terms, 2011
  • 75. Minor metal consumption in gas turbines
  • 76. Consumption of cobalt in nickel alloys, 2008 to 2013
  • 77. World: New passenger aircraft delivered by region, 2013 to 2032
  • 78. World: Forecast deliveries of aero engines, 2000 to 2018
  • 79. World: Forecast IGT production, 2000 to 2018
  • 80. World: Forecast consumption of cobalt in nickel alloys, 2013 to 2018
  • 81. Use of cobalt in tool materials
  • 82. Conversion from powders to cemented carbides
  • 83. World: Production of cemented carbides, by region/country, 2013
  • 84. USA: Cemented carbide end markets, 2013
  • 85. World: Consumption of cemented carbides, by end-use, 2013
  • 86. World: Consumption of cobalt in cemented carbides, 2008 to 2013
  • 87. World: Indexed forecast growth in key sectors for tools, 2012 to 2018
  • 88. World: Forecast consumption of cobalt in tool materials, by end-use, 2013 to 2018
  • 89. World: Market for refining catalysts, by value, 2011
  • 90. The Fischer-Tropsch process
  • 91. Consumption of cobalt in catalysts, by type, 2013
  • 92. World: Forecast consumption of cobalt in catalysts, 2013 to 2018
  • 93. World: Production of inorganic pigments by region, 2013
  • 94. Markets and applications for cobalt pigments
  • 95. World: Consumption of ceramic tiles, by region, 2013
  • 96. World: Forecast consumption of cobalt in pigments and decolourisers, 2013 to 2018
  • 97. Types of permanent magnet
  • 98. Development of permanent magnet strength
  • 99. Manufacturing process for sintered SmCo magnets from magnet alloy
  • 100. World: Production of Alnico and SmCo batteries, by region, 2013
  • 101. World: Production of permanent magnets, and cobalt consumption, 2006 to 2013
  • 102. World: Production of permanent magnets, and cobalt consumption, 2013 to 2018
  • 103. World: Market for coatings, 2007 and 2013
  • 104. World: Leading manufacturers of paint, 2012
  • 105. World: Market for tyres for cars and light trucks, by region, 2012
  • 106. World: Market for tyres for trucks, by region, 2012
  • 107. Production of tyres by leading producers, 2012
  • 108. World: Market for paints, 2013 and 2018
  • 109. World: Market for tyres, 2013 and 2018
  • 110. World: Forecast consumption of cobalt in soaps, 2013 to 2018
  • 111. World: Cobalt supply and demand balance, 2006 to 2013
  • 112. World: Cobalt supply and demand balance, 2006 to 2018
  • 113. World: Refined cobalt supply, 2013 to 2018
  • 114. World: Demand for refined cobalt, 2013 to 2018
  • 115. World: Average annual price for cobalt metal, 1943 to 2013
  • 116. Europe: MB free market price in warehouse, 2003 to 2013
  • 117. China: Average unit price of cobalt imports from the DRC, 2005 to 2013
  • 118. China: Average prices of cobalt materials, 2009 to 2013
  • 119. LME: Cobalt stocks and 99.3% min. purity cobalt metal prices, May 2010 to November 2013
  • 120. World: LME Copper, LME Nickel and MB Cobalt metal prices, 2003 to 2013
  • 121. Europe: Forecast high grade cobalt metal prices, 2013 to 2018
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