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塩:2028年までの見通し

Salt: Outlook to 2028, 18th Edition

出版日: | 発行: Roskill Information Services | ページ情報: 英文 380 Pages, 16 Chapters, 350 Tables, 125 Figures | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

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塩:2028年までの見通し
出版日: 2019年11月29日
発行: Roskill Information Services
ページ情報: 英文 380 Pages, 16 Chapters, 350 Tables, 125 Figures
納期: 即日から翌営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

世界の塩の生産量は、2019年には3億3000万トン以上の新記録を達成すると予想されており、北米の寒冷地における除氷市場での高い消費によって生産量が促進された2018年の約3億2500万トンを超えています。生産量は、2010年から2019年までの間、世界的に年平均1%で成長しましたが、これは主に地域の塩素アルカリと合成ソーダ灰産業による消費の増加に対応したアジアの成長に牽引されました。

アジアにおける塩の見かけ消費量は、地域の化学・工業部門と人口増加のため、2019年には1億6000万トンを超え、どの地域よりも大きくとなっています。NAFTA地域と欧州では、冬の気象条件が変動するため、見かけの消費量が大きく変動しますが、これは主に除氷に使用される塩の量が原因です。

塩素アルカリは、塩の最大市場であり、2018年の世界消費量の36%または1億2780万トンを占めています。世界の消費量の約52%(6640万トン)は東アジアで、次いで北米(18%、2300万トン)、西欧(14%、1730万トン)となっています。最大の部門はポリ塩化ビニル(PVC)の前駆体である塩化ビニルモノマー(VCM)で、市場全体の半分以上を占めています。

当レポートでは、世界の塩産業について調査分析し、生産量、国際貿易、消費量、最終用途、価格動向など、体系的な情報を提供しています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 世界の塩生産データ

第3章 世界の塩生産

  • 過去の塩の生産量:地域/国別
  • 地域別の塩生産量
    • アジア
    • 欧州
    • NAFTA
    • ラテンアメリカ
    • オセアニア
    • アフリカ
  • 塩の生産:タイプ別
  • 塩の生産能力
  • 塩の生産能力拡大の可能性
  • 塩の生産コスト

第4章 世界の塩消費

  • 塩の見かけ消費量:地域/国別
  • 地域別の見かけ消費量
    • アジア
    • NAFTA
    • 欧州
    • ラテンアメリカ
    • アフリカ
    • オセアニア
  • 主要国における見かけ消費量
    • 中国
    • 米国
    • インド
    • 日本
    • インドネシア
  • 過去および現在の塩の消費量:市場別
  • 推定消費量:最終用途および地域別

第5章 塩の国際貿易

  • 塩の地域別市場バランス
    • 輸出
    • 輸入
  • 塩の地域貿易
    • アジア
    • 欧州
    • NAFTA
    • ラテンアメリカ
    • オセアニア
    • アフリカ

第6章 塩の価格

  • 塩の価格:タイプ別
  • 輸送コスト
  • 世界の貨物動向
  • 過去の塩価格
  • 取引塩の平均価格

第7章 塩の見通し

  • 塩の需要見通し
  • 塩の価格見通し

第8章 塩の背景

  • 塩のイントロダクションと性質
  • 塩の採掘・加工
  • 塩の等級
  • 塩の添加物

第9章 塩の国別市場:生産・消費・生産業者など (109ヶ国)

第10章 塩の最終用途

  • 塩素アルカリ生産における塩の使用
  • 合成ソーダ灰生産における塩の使用
  • 除氷における塩の使用
  • 食品および食品加工における塩の使用
  • その他の化学的用途での塩の用途
  • その他の用途での塩の使用

第11章 主要生産業者のプロファイル

  • American Rock Salt
  • Archean Group
  • Artyomsol
  • Bashkir Soda Company
  • Cargill Salt
  • Comparia Minera Cordillera Chile (CMC)
  • China National Salt Industry Corporation (CNSIC)
  • Compass Minerals
  • Crimean Soda
  • Dampier Salt
  • Dow
  • Chemical Industries Holding Company (CIHC)
  • El-Mex Salines
  • Exportadora de Sal (ESSA)
  • Friends Group of Companies
  • Groupe Salins
  • Hunan Salt Industry Company Limited
  • Hubei Yihua Chemical Group
  • Hub-Pak Salt Refinery
  • Israel Chemicals (ICL)
  • Inowroclawskie Kopalnie Soli Solino (IKS Solino)
  • INEOS
  • Jiangsu Jingshen Salt & Chemical Industry
  • Jiangxi Provincial State-Owned Enterprise Assets Operation (Holdings)
  • Jiangxi Jinghao Salt Chemical
  • K+S Group
  • Mitsui
  • Nouryon
  • Olin
  • Qinghai Salt Industry
  • Russalt
  • Salinas do Nordeste (SALINOR)
  • Societatea Natfionala a Sarii (Salrom)
  • Shandong Chengyuan Group
  • Shandong Haihua Group
  • Shandong Weifang Longwei Industry Group
  • Sichuan Hebang Biotechnology
  • Sichuan Jiuda Salt Industry (Group)
  • Solvay
  • Sudwestdeutsche Salzwerke (SWS)
  • Tangshan Sanyou Group
  • Tata Chemicals (TCL)
  • Texas Brine
  • Uralkali
  • Westlake Chemical

第12章 マクロ経済の見通し

図表

List of Tables

  • Table 1: World: Salt production by region, 2010-2019
  • Table 2: World: Salt production by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 3: Asia: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 4: Europe: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 5: NAFTA: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 6: Latin America: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 7: Oceania: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 8: Africa: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 9: World: Leading producers of salt by production capacity, 2019
  • Table 10: World: Potential expansion in salt production capacity by country, company and asset, 2019
  • Table 11: World: Apparent consumption of salt by region, 2010-2019
  • Table 12: Asia: Apparent consumption of salt by sub-region and country, 2010-2019
  • Table 13: NAFTA: Apparent consumption of salt by sub-region and country, 2010-2019
  • Table 14: Europe: Apparent consumption of salt by sub-region and country, 2010-2019
  • Table 15: Latin America: Apparent consumption of salt by sub-region and country, 2010-2019
  • Table 16: Africa: Apparent consumption of salt by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 17: Oceania: Apparent consumption of salt by country, 2010-2019
  • Table 18: World: Apparent consumption of salt by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 19: China: Production of caustic soda and synthetic soda ash compared to salt production and consumption by province, 2018
  • Table 20: India: Consumption of salt by end use, 2013/14-2017/18
  • Table 21: World: Estimated consumption of salt by region and end-use, 2018
  • Table 22: Asia: Estimated consumption of salt by subregion and end-use, 2018
  • Table 23: World: Regional market balance for salt, 2018
  • Table 24: World: Exports of salt by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 25: Leading salt exporters and countries of destination, 2010-2019
  • Table 26: World: Imports of salt by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 27: World: Leading salt importers and countries of origin, 2010-2019
  • Table 28: Asia: Imports of salt by country of origin, 2018
  • Table 29: Asia: Imports of salt by country of origin, 2019
  • Table 30: Asia: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2018
  • Table 31: Asia: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 32: Europe: Imports of salt by country of destination, 2018
  • Table 33: Europe: Imports of salt by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 34: NAFTA: Imports of salt by country of origin, 2018
  • Table 35: NAFTA: Imports of salt by country of origin, 2019
  • Table 36: NAFTA: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2018
  • Table 37: NAFTA: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 38: Latin America: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2018
  • Table 39: Latin America: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 40: Oceania: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2018
  • Table 41: Oceania: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2019
  • Table 42: Africa: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2018
  • Table 43: Africa: Exports of salt by country of destination, 2018
  • Table 44: Average values of reported salt imports by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 45: Average values of salt exports by leading exporting countries, 2010-2019
  • Table 46: World: Forecast demand for of salt by region and end-use, 2028
  • Table 47: Asia: Forecast demand for salt by subregion and end-use, 2028
  • Table 48: China: Average value of salt imports by main countries and forecast, 2017-2028
  • Table 49: Properties of salt
  • Table 50: Typical chemical analyses of salt by type
  • Table 51: Impurities in salt
  • Table 52: Typical composition of exported salt
  • Table 53: Afghanistan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 54: Afghanistan: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 55: Albania: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 56: Algeria: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 57: Algeria: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 58: Angola: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 59: Angola: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 60: Argentina: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 61: Argentina: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 62: Armenia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 63: Armenia: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 64: Australia: Production of salt by state, 2010-2018
  • Table 65: Australia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 66: Australia: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 67: Austria: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 68: Austria: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 69: Azerbaijan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 70: Bahamas: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 71: Bahamas: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 72: Bangladesh: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 73: Bangladesh: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 74: Belarus: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 75: Belarus: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 76: Bosnia-Herzegovina: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 77: Bosnia-Herzegovina: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 78: Botswana: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 79: Botswana: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 80: Brazil: Production of salt by type, 2006-2017
  • Table 81: Brazil: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 82: Brazil: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 83: Bulgaria: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 84: Bulgaria: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 85: Cambodia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 86: Canada: Salt production by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 87: Canada: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 88: Canada: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 89: Chile: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 90: Chile: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 91: China: Salt production capacity by type, 2012-2018
  • Table 92: China: Salt production capacity, production, operating rate and annual growth rate, 2012-2018
  • Table 93: China: Salt capacity type operating rate, 2012-2018
  • Table 94: China: Production of salt by type, 2012-2018
  • Table 95: China: Production of salt by leading provinces, 2012-2018
  • Table 96: China: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 97: China: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 98: Colombia: Production of salt by type, 2012-2018
  • Table 99: Colombia: Production of salt by Department and Municipality, 2012-2018
  • Table 100: Colombia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 101: Colombia: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 102: Costa Rica: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 103: Croatia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 104: Cuba: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 105: Denmark: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 106: Djibouti: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 107: Dominican Republic: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 108: Ecuador: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 109: Egypt: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 110: Egypt: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 111: El Salvador: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 112: Eritrea: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 113: Ethiopia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 114: France: Production of salt by type, 2012-2016
  • Table 115: France: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 116: France: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 117: Germany: Production of salt by type, 2014-2017
  • Table 118: Germany: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 119: Germany: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 120: Ghana: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 121: Ghana: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 122: Greece: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 123: Greece: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 124: Guatemala: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 125: Guinea: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 126: Honduras: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 127: India: Area assigned and worked for salt production, output and national productivity, 2012/13-2017/18
  • Table 128: India: Production of salt by type and state, 2012/13-2017/18
  • Table 129: India: Average production of salt by main district, 2012/13-2017/18
  • Table 130: India: Average yield of salt by state and selected salt producing centre, 2013/14-2017/18
  • Table 131: India: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 132: India: Production of salt by sector, 2017/18
  • Table 133: India: Details of production of salt by co-operatives, 2017/18
  • Table 134: India: Production of salt by joint sector organisations, 2017/18
  • Table 135: India: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 136: Indonesia: Production of salt by source, 2011-2019
  • Table 137: Indonesia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 138: Indonesia: Production of artisan salt by main district/city, 2011-2017
  • Table 139: Indonesia: Production of salt by province, 2017
  • Table 140: Indonesia: Production of artisan salt per hectare by main district/city, 2011-2015
  • Table 141: PT Garam: Production and sales of salt, 2011-2018
  • Table 142: Iran: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 143: Iran: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 144: Iraq: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 145: Israel: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 146: Italy: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 147: Italy: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 148: Japan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 149: Jordan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 150: Kazakhstan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 151: Kenya: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 152: Kenya: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 153: South Korea: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 154: South Korea: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 155: Kuwait: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 156: Laos: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 157: Lebanon: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 158: Libya: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 159: Madagascar: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 160: Mexico: Production of salt by region, 2010-2018
  • Table 161: Mexico: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 162: Mexico: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 163: Mongolia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 164: Montenegro: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 165: Morocco: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 166: Morocco: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 167: Mozambique: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 168: Myanmar: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 169: Namibia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 170: Namibia: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 171: Netherlands: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 172: Netherlands: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 173: New Zealand: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 174: Nigeria: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 175: Nicaragua: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 176: Oman: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 177: Oman: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 178: Pakistan: Production of salt by type, 2008-2018
  • Table 179: Pakistan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 180: Pakistan: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 181: Pakistan Mineral Development: Salt mining operations, 2019
  • Table 182: Panama: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 183: Peru: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 184: Philippines: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 185: Philippines: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 186: Poland: Production of salt by type, 2013-2018
  • Table 187: Poland: Production of rock and brine salt by company and deposit, 2014-2018
  • Table 188: Poland: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 189: Poland: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 190: Portugal: Production of salt by type, 2008-2018
  • Table 191: Portugal: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 192: Portugal: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 193: Romania: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 194: Russia: Production of salt by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 195: Russia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 196: Russia: Salt production and capacity by mining type and producer, 2011-2018
  • Table 197: Saudi Arabia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 198: Saudi Arabia: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 199: Senegal: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 200: Serbia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 201: Slovenia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 202: South Africa: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 203: South Africa: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 204: Spain: Production of salt by type, 2010-2017
  • Table 205: Spain: Production of salt by province, 2010-2017
  • Table 206: Spain: Production of rock salt by province, 2010-2017
  • Table 207: Spain: Production of solar salt by province, 2010-2017
  • Table 208: Spain: Production of co-product rock salt from potash mining by province, 2010-2017
  • Table 209: Spain: Production of salt-in-brine by province, 2010-2017
  • Table 210: Spain: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 211: Spain: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 212: Sri Lanka: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 213: Sri Lanka: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 214: Sudan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 215: Sudan: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 216: Switzerland: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 217: Syria: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 218: Taiwan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 219: Tajikistan: Rock salt deposits, 2019
  • Table 220: Tajikistan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 221: Tajikistan: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 222: Tanzania: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 223: Thailand: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 224: Tunisia: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 225: Tunisia: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 226: Turkey: Production of salt by type, 2008-2017
  • Table 227: Turkey: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 228: Turkey: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 229: Soda Sanayii: Production of soda ash and estimated salt production, 2008-2018
  • Table 230: Alkim Alkali Kimya: Production of salt by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 231: Ukraine: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 232: Ukraine: Production of salt by product, 2012-2018
  • Table 233: Ukraine: Production of salt by product, 2012-2018
  • Table 234: Ukraine: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 235: Ukraine: Production of salt by company, 2010-2018
  • Table 236: UAE: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 237: UK: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 238: UK: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 239: USA: Production of salt by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 240: USA: Production, trade and apparent consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 241: USA: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 242: Occidental Chemical: Details of salt supply to chloralkali plants, 2018
  • Table 243: Uzbekistan: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 244: Venezuela: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 245: Venezuela: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 246: Vietnam: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 247: Vietnam: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 248: Yemen: Production, trade and consumption of salt, 2010-2019
  • Table 249: Yemen: Details of salt operations, 2019
  • Table 250: Comparison of mercury, diaphragm and membrane cells for chloralkali production
  • Table 251: World: Location of mercury cell chlorine capacity, 2019
  • Table 252: China: Major producers of chlorine, 2019
  • Table 253: India: Major producers of chlorine, 2019
  • Table 254: India: Caustic soda capacity and production, 2013/14-2017/18
  • Table 255: India: Caustic soda capacity and production by region, 2015/16-2017/18
  • Table 256: India: Planned changes in caustic soda capacity by region, 2018/19
  • Table 257: Olin: Chlorine capacity by country and plant, 2019
  • Table 258: Westlake Chemical: Chlorine capacity by country and plant, 2019
  • Table 259: Occidental Chemical: Chlorine capacity by country and plant, 2019
  • Table 260: Western Europe: Chlorine production capacity by leading producers, 2019
  • Table 261: INOVYN: Chlorine capacity by country and plant, 2019
  • Table 262: Covestro: Chlorine capacity by country and plant, 2019
  • Table 263: Nouryon: Chlorine capacity by plant, 2019
  • Table 264: Kem One: Chlorine capacity by country and plant, 2019
  • Table 265: National Petroleum: Details of chloralkali capacity, 2019
  • Table 266: Europe: Consumption of chlorine by end-use, 2010-2017
  • Table 267: World: Regional use of PVC by product, 2018
  • Table 268: World: Construction of new residential buildings in selected countries, 2009-2017
  • Table 269: World: Construction of new non-residential buildings in selected countries, 2009-2017
  • Table 270: China: Alumina projects in Liaoning, 2019
  • Table 271: Solvay process inputs
  • Table 272: World: Estimated regional and national active synthetic soda ash production capacity, 2019
  • Table 273: China: Synthetic soda ash capacity by process and estimated salt requirement, 2010-2018
  • Table 274: China: Leading synthetic soda ash producers by capacity, process and estimated salt requirement, 2019
  • Table 275: China: Production of synthetic soda ash by process and estimated salt consumption, 2010-2018
  • Table 276: World: Synthetic soda ash nameplate capacity by country and company, 2019
  • Table 277: World: Leading synthetic soda ash companies by nameplate and controlled production capacity, 2019
  • Table 278: Solvay: Estimated potential salt demand by synthetic soda ash plant, 2019
  • Table 279: Solvay: Synthetic sodium bicarbonate capacity by plant, 2019
  • Table 280: Bashkirian Chemistry: Synthetic soda ash capacity by plant, 2019
  • Table 281: Ciech Group: Soda ash capacity by plant, 2019
  • Table 282: Sisecam: Synthetic soda ash capacity by plant, 2019
  • Table 283: Sisecam: Production and sales of synthetic soda ash and chemicals by country, 2010-2018
  • Table 284: Nirma: Synthetic soda ash capacity by plant, 2019
  • Table 285: Tata Chemicals: Synthetic soda ash capacity by plant, 2018
  • Table 286: Tata Chemicals: India: Soda ash production and sales, 2010/11-2018/19
  • Table 287: Tata Chemicals: UK: Soda ash production and sales, 2015/16-2018/19
  • Table 288: Tata Chemicals: Synthetic sodium bicarbonate capacity by plant, 2019
  • Table 289: Tata Chemicals: India: Sodium bicarbonate production and sales, 2010/11-2017/18
  • Table 290: GHCL: Soda ash production, captive use, sales and stocks, 2010/11-2018/19
  • Table 291: GHCL: Consumption of salt in synthetic soda ash production, 2010/11-2017/18
  • Table 292: Typical oxide contents of various glass types
  • Table 293: Typical batch compositions of various glass types
  • Table 294: World: Estimated production of glass by region and type, 2018
  • Table 295: China: Production of glass by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 296: Japan: Production of glass by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 297: EU: Production of glass by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 298: World: Main producers of synthetic sodium bicarbonate, 2019
  • Table 299: Estimated chromium chemical capacity by country and company, 2019
  • Table 300: World: Estimated consumption of salt in de-icing by region according to weather severity
  • Table 301: Typical application of de-icing salt
  • Table 302: ASTM D632-99 standard specifications for de-icing salt sold in North America
  • Table 303: ASTM D632-99 mesh size specifications for de-icing salt sold in North America
  • Table 304: Cargill: Typical specifications of bulk de-icing salt by producing location
  • Table 305: BS3247:1991 standard specifications for de-icing salt sold in the UK
  • Table 306: BS3245-2011 mesh size specifications for de-icing salt sold in the UK
  • Table 307: Canada: Reported consumption of salt deicers by type, 2010-2018
  • Table 308: Scandinavia and Nordic countries: Reported consumption of de-icing salt by country, 2010/2011-2016/2017
  • Table 309: China: Production of de-icing salt, 2011-2015
  • Table 310: World: Estimated consumption of salt in de-icing by region, 2010-2018
  • Table 311: World: Forecast demand for salt in de-icing by region, 2028
  • Table 312: Applications for salt in food processing
  • Table 313: World: Population and estimated salt consumption in food by region, 2018
  • Table 314: USA: Consumption of domestic and imported salt in the food processing industry, 2016
  • Table 315: World: Forecast population and demand for salt in food by region, 2028
  • Table 316: Superior Plus: Details of plants, 2019
  • Table 317: Chemtrade Logistics: Details of sodium chlorate plants, 2019
  • Table 318: World: Production of all forms of animal feed by major regions and countries, 2016/2017
  • Table 319: USA: Consumption of domestic and imported salt in agriculture, 2016
  • Table 320: USA: Consumption of domestic and imported salt in water treatment, 2016
  • Table 321: USA: Consumption of domestic and imported salt in general industrial markets, 2016
  • Table 322: American Rock Salt: Operational details
  • Table 323: Archean Group: Operational details
  • Table 324: Archean Group: Salt particle sizes
  • Table 325: Artyomsol: Operational details
  • Table 326: Artyomsol: Production of salt, 2008-2018
  • Table 327: Artyomsol: Exports of salt by grade, 2008-2018
  • Table 328: Bashkir Soda Company: Operational details
  • Table 329: Bashkir Soda Company: Production of salt, 2008-2018
  • Table 330: Cargill Salt: Subsidiaries and operations
  • Table 331: Cargill Salt: Operational details
  • Table 332: China National Salt Industry Corporation: Main salt subsidiaries
  • Table 333: CNSIC: Operational details
  • Table 334: Compass Minerals: Operational details
  • Table 335: Compass Minerals: Rock salt reserves by mine
  • Table 336: Compass Minerals: Production of salt products (including magnesium chloride), 2010-2018 ,,
  • Table 337: Compass Minerals: Sales of salt products by end-use, 2010-2018
  • Table 338: Compass Minerals: Sales of salt products, 2010-2018
  • Table 339: Crimea Soda: Operational details
  • Table 340: Crimean Soda: Production of salt, 2010-2018
  • Table 341: Dampier Salt: Operational details
  • Table 342: Dampier Salt: Estimated production of salt, 2014-2018
  • Table 343: Rio Tinto: Dampier Salt: Financial details 2012-2018 (US$M)
  • Table 344: Rio Tinto: Dampier Salt: Estimated production of salt, 2014-2018
  • Table 345: Dow: Operational details
  • Table 346: Chemical Industries Holding Company: Operational details
  • Table 347: ESSA: Operational details
  • Table 348: ESSA: Mining concessions
  • Table 349: Friends Group of Companies: Operational details
  • Table 350: Groupe Salins: Operational details
  • Table 351: Hub-Pak Salt Refinery: Operational details
  • Table 352: Israel Chemicals: Operational details
  • Table 353: IKS Solino: Operational details
  • Table 354: IKS Solino: Salt customers
  • Table 355: INEOS Enterprises: Operational details
  • Table 356: Jiangxi Jinghao Chemical Industry
  • Table 357: K+S Group: Operational details
  • Table 358: Frisia Zout: Production of salt, 2010-2018
  • Table 359: K+S: Markets for salt, 2016-2018
  • Table 360: Mitsui: Operational details
  • Table 361: Nouryon: Operational details
  • Table 362: Nouryon: Production of salt by operation, 2010-2017
  • Table 363: Olin: Operational details
  • Table 364: Qinghai Salt Industry: Operational details
  • Table 365: Russalt: Operational details
  • Table 366: Russalt: Production of salt by operation, 2008-2018
  • Table 367: Salinas do Nordeste: Operational details
  • Table 368: Salrom: Operational details
  • Table 369: Laizhou Chengyuan Salt Chemical Group: Operational details
  • Table 370: Solvay: Salt-in-brine operational details
  • Table 371: Südwestdeutsche Salzwerke: Operational details
  • Table 372: Tangshan Sanyou Group: Operational details
  • Table 373: Tata Chemicals: Operational details
  • Table 374: Tata Chemicals: UK operational details
  • Table 375: Texas Brine: Salt-in-brine operational details
  • Table 376: Texas Brine: Brine prices by distribution location, 2019
  • Table 377: United Salt: Details of salt operations
  • Table 378: Uralkali: Operational details
  • Table 379: Uralkali: Production of salt, 2010-2018
  • Table 380: Westlake Chemical: Operational details
  • Table 381: Forecast GDP for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 382: Forecast GDP growth rates for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 383: Forecast GDP per capita for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 384: Forecast population for top-30 economies and regions, 2018-2030
  • Table 385: Forecast urbanisation rate, 2018-2030
  • Table 386: Forecast median age, 2018-2030
  • Table 387: Forecast exchange rates and energy prices, 2018-2030

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: World: Salt production by region, 2010-2019
  • Figure 2: World: Estimated salt production by leading countries, 2019
  • Figure 3: World: Estimated consumption of salt by region and end-use, 2018
  • Figure 4: Flowchart of the global salt industry, 2018
  • Figure 5: Flowchart of the US salt industry, 2016
  • Figure 6: World: Salt production by region, 2010-2019
  • Figure 7: Asia: Salt production by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Figure 8: Europe: Salt production by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Figure 9: NAFTA: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Figure 10: Latin America: Salt production by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Figure 11: Oceania: Salt production by country, 2010-2019
  • Figure 12: Africa: Salt production by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Figure 13: World: Estimated salt production capacity by region and type, 2019
  • Figure 14: Asia: Estimated salt production capacity by sub region and type, 2019
  • Figure 15: Europe: Estimated salt production capacity by sub region and type, 2019
  • Figure 16: NAFTA: Estimated salt production capacity by country and type, 2019
  • Figure 17: World: Estimated consumption compared to current capacity by subregion, 2018
  • Figure 18: World: Forecast demand compared to capacity by subregion, 2028
  • Figure 19: Selected countries: Estimated cost of solar salt production by operation, 2019
  • Figure 20: Selected countries: Estimated cost of rock salt production by operation, 2019
  • Figure 21: China: Production of caustic soda and synthetic soda ash compared to consumption of salt, 2012-2018
  • Figure 22: USA: Consumption of salt by end use, 2005-2016
  • Figure 23: USA: Salt sold or used by producers by type, 2005-2018
  • Figure 24: Japan: Consumption of salt by end use, 2005-2018
  • Figure 25: Japan: Stocks of salt at start and end of year, 2005-2017
  • Figure 26: World: Trade in salt by region, 2018
  • Figure 27: World: Trade in salt by region, 2019
  • Figure 28: World: Leading salt trading countries, 2018
  • Figure 29: World: Leading salt trading countries, 2019
  • Figure 30: World: Major trade flows of salt, 2018
  • Figure 31: World: Major trade flows of salt, 2019 ,
  • Figure 32: World: Exports of salt by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Figure 33: World: Imports of salt by leading countries, 2010-2019
  • Figure 34: China: Imports of salt from main countries, 2010-2019
  • Figure 35: Australia: Annual shipments of salt from port of Dampier, 2002/03-2018/19
  • Figure 36: Australia: Monthly shipments of salt from Port Hedland by country of destination, 2015-2019
  • Figure 37: K+S Group: Quarterly average values of salt sales by end-use, 2010-2018
  • Figure 38: Average annual values of trade in salt with Australia, 2004-2019
  • Figure 39: Average monthly values of trade in salt with Australia, 2009-2019
  • Figure 40: Average monthly values of imports into Japan from Mexico, Australia and India, 2002-2019
  • Figure 41: Average annual values of USA trade in salt with Mexico and Chile, 2004-2019
  • Figure 42: Average annual values of Indian trade in salt with China, 2011-2019
  • Figure 43: Average monthly values of imports into China from Australia and India, 2004-2019
  • Figure 44: Average monthly values of imports into South Korea from Mexico, Australia and India, 2002-2019
  • Figure 45: Average monthly values of imports into Taiwan from Mexico, Australia and India, 2007-2019
  • Figure 46: World: Dry bulk trade by commodity, 2008-2020
  • Figure 47: USA: Average value of bulk, pellets and packaged salt, 2000-2018
  • Figure 48: China: Average market price of raw salt by region, September 2016-June 2019
  • Figure 49: China: Average value of imports by main countries and forecast, 2006-2028
  • Figure 50: China: Average value of imports by main countries and forecast, 2006-2028
  • Figure 51: Compass Minerals: Average sales value of de-icing salt and forecast, 2008-2028
  • Figure 52: Solution Mining Process
  • Figure 53: Flowsheet for chloralkali production
  • Figure 54: World: Chlorine capacity by region, 2019
  • Figure 55: China: Chlorine capacity by region, 2019
  • Figure 56: GACL: Chlorine and caustic soda production by type, 2008/09 to 2017/18
  • Figure 57: World: Production of chlorine by region, 2018
  • Figure 58: World: Chlorine production by main countries, 2014-2018
  • Figure 59: World: Estimated caustic soda production by region, 2018
  • Figure 60: World: Estimated production of caustic soda by main countries, 2016-2018
  • Figure 61: China: Changes in annual caustic soda capacity, 2007-2018
  • Figure 62: China: Production of caustic soda, 2005-2017
  • Figure 63: India: Caustic soda production, 2012/13-2017/18
  • Figure 64: Japan: Production of caustic soda, 2005-2018
  • Figure 65: World: Estimated regional consumption of salt in chloralkali production, 2018
  • Figure 66: World: Estimated and forecast consumption of chlorine by end use in organic chemicals, 2015-2019
  • Figure 67: World: Consumption of chlorine by end use in inorganic chemicals, 2015-2019
  • Figure 68: World: Main regions and markets for chlorine, 2018
  • Figure 69: World: Main regions and markets for chlorine, 2018
  • Figure 70: India: Consumption of chlorine by end use, 2012/13-2017/18
  • Figure 71: World: Consumption of caustic soda by end use, 2016
  • Figure 72: Europe: Consumption of caustic soda by end use, 2010-2017
  • Figure 73: India: Consumption of caustic soda by end use, 2012/13-2017/18
  • Figure 74: World: Forecast production of chlorine by main regions, 2018 and 2028
  • Figure 75: China: Floor space of buildings under construction and completed, 2000-2018
  • Figure 76: USA: Housing unit starts, 2007-2018
  • Figure 77: World: Forecast demand for PVC by region, 2019 to 2028
  • Figure 78: World: Forecast demand for salt in chloralkali production by region, 2028
  • Figure 79: World: Chlorine capacity compared to production, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 80: World: Consumption and demand for salt in chloralkali by region, 2018 and 2028
  • Figure 81: Flow diagram for production of soda ash by the Solvay process
  • Figure 82: Flow diagram for production of soda ash by the Hou process
  • Figure 83: World: Estimated synthetic soda ash production by region, 2000-2018
  • Figure 84: World: Estimated regional consumption of salt in synthetic soda ash production, 2018
  • Figure 85: World: Forecast demand for salt in synthetic soda ash production, 2018 and 2028
  • Figure 86: Compass Minerals: Sales of de-icing salt, 2001-2018
  • Figure 87: K+S: Annual sales of de-icing salt, 2005-2018
  • Figure 88: USA: Reported and estimated consumption of salt in de-icing by type, 2002-2018
  • Figure 89: Canada: Reported consumption of salt deicers by type, 2010-2018
  • Figure 90: World: K+S and Compass Minerals: Sales and shipments of de-icing salt, 2010-2018
  • Figure 91: USA: Consumption of domestic and imported salt in the food processing industry by end use, 2005-2016
  • Figure 92: World: Production of bleached sulphate and sulphite pulp by region, 2010-2017
  • Figure 93: China: Consumption of pharmaceutical grade salt by market, 2012-2016
  • Figure 94: K+S Group: Sales of solid salt by end-use market, 2010-2018
  • Figure 95: K+S Group: Quarterly sales volume of solid salt by end-use market, 2010-2018
目次

World production of salt is expected to reach a new record of over 330Mt in 2019, surpassing the previous peak of around 325Mt in 2018 when output was stimulated by high consumption in the de-icing market following a cold winter in North America. Production only grew globally at an average of 1%py in the period between 2010 and 2019. This was largely driven by growth in Asia in response to increased consumption by the regional chloralkali and synthetic soda ash industries.

Apparent consumption in Asia is the largest of any region at over 160Mt in 2019 because of the regional chemical and industrial sectors, as well as population size. Variable winter weather conditions in NAFTA and Europe lead to significant fluctuations in apparent consumption, mostly because of the amount of salt used in de-icing.

Chloralkali production is the largest single market for salt, accounting for an estimated 36% of world consumption in 2018 or 127.8Mt. Around 52% (66.4Mt) of global consumption was in East Asia, followed by North America (18% or 23Mt) and Western Europe (14% 17.3Mt). The leading market is vinyl chlorinated monomer (VCM), the precursor of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which accounts for over half the total market. Global production of chlorine is forecast to rise from 72.9Mt in 2018 to 98Mt in 2028 or by 25.1Mt at an average of around 3%py. Of this, some 63% or 15.8Mt is forecast to be in China where production is expected to rise to 46.3Mt. This is some 8.1Mt over capacity in 2019 (38.2Mtpy) so some 10-15Mtpy of additional chlorine capacity would need be added by 2028 to meet the forecast rise in demand.

In 2018, over 65Mt of salt was consumed in the production of synthetic soda ash. Around two-thirds of this, over 35Mt was used in East Asia-nearly all in China. In Western Europe, some 11.5Mt of salt was consumed in this end use, mostly in Germany, Bulgaria and Poland but also in a further seven countries. Consumption in South Asia has grown sharply, mostly in India. In Eastern Europe, nearly all consumption was in Russia (4.3Mt). The remainder of consumption was divided between operations in Turkey (2.2Mt), Mexico (1.1Mt), Iran (0.7Mt) and Argentina (0.2Mt).

Rising salt production and consumption is ultimately driven by rising populations and urbanisation. The global population is around 7.6Bn and forecast to reach 8.5Bn by 2028. Urbanisation requires the construction of housing and infrastructure, which in turn requires PVC (chloralkali) and flat glass (soda ash). Both population growth and urbanisation are strong in Asia, particularly China, which in turn is driving global salt consumption and future demand. This has led to a tightening regional market for high quality solar salt and the development of a number of world scale projects in Australia.

Roskill experts will answer your questions:

  • What was world salt production by region and country in 2010-2019?
  • What is the regional breakdown of capacity by type in 2019?
  • How much additional capacity is planned to 2028 and where is it located?
  • Which market is forecast to be the main driver of global demand to 2028?
  • Are there any changes in the structure of global trade in salt?
  • Which market is forecast to have the highest growth rate to 2028?
  • What is the forecast price for de-icing salt in North America to 2028?
  • Will there be sufficient capacity entering the market to support forecast growth in demand to 2028?

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Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

2. Salt flowchart

3. World production

  • 3.1. Historical production of salt by region and country
  • 3.2. World production of salt by region
    • 3.2.1. Production of salt in Asia
    • 3.2.2. Production of salt in Europe
    • 3.2.3. Production of salt in NAFTA
    • 3.2.4. Production of salt in Latin America
    • 3.2.5. Production of salt in Oceania
    • 3.2.6. Production of salt in Africa
  • 3.3. Production of salt by type
  • 3.4. Production capacity for salt
  • 3.5. Potential expansions in salt production capacity
  • 3.6. Salt production costs

4. World consumption of salt

  • 4.1. Apparent consumption of salt by region and country
  • 4.2. Apparent consumption of salt by region
    • 4.2.1. Asia
    • 4.2.2. NAFTA
    • 4.2.3. Europe
    • 4.2.4. Latin America
    • 4.2.5. Africa
    • 4.2.6. Oceania
  • 4.3. Apparent consumption of salt by leading countries
    • 4.3.1. Consumption of salt by end use in China
    • 4.3.2. Consumption of salt by end use in the USA
    • 4.3.3. Consumption of salt by end use in India
    • 4.3.4. Consumption of salt by end use in Japan
    • 4.3.5. Consumption of salt by end use in Indonesia
  • 4.4. Historical and current consumption of salt by market
  • 4.5. Estimated consumption of salt by end use and region

5. International trade in salt

  • 5.1. Regional market balance for salt
    • 5.1.1. Exports of salt
    • 5.1.2. Imports of salt
  • 5.2. Regional trade in salt
    • 5.2.1. Asia
    • 5.2.2. Europe
    • 5.2.3. NAFTA
    • 5.2.4. Latin America
    • 5.2.5. Oceania
    • 5.2.6. Africa

6. Prices of salt

  • 6.1. Prices of salt by type
  • 6.2. Transportation costs
  • 6.3. Global freight trends
  • 6.4. Historical salt prices
  • 6.5. Average values of traded salt

7. Outlook for salt to 2028

  • 7.1. Forecast demand for salt
  • 7.2. Forecast prices for salt
    • 7.2.1. Solar salt
    • 7.2.2. De-icing salt

8. Background of salt

  • 8.1. Introduction and properties of salt
  • 8.2. Mining and processing of salt
    • 8.2.1. Solar evaporation
    • 8.2.2. Rock salt mining
    • 8.2.3. Solution mining
  • 8.3. Grades of salt
  • 8.4. Salt additives
    • 8.4.1. Iodising agents
    • 8.4.2. Anti-caking agents
    • 8.4.3. Free-flowing agents

9. Country sections for salt

  • 9.1. Afghanistan
  • 9.2. Albania
  • 9.3. Algeria
  • 9.4. Angola
    • 9.4.1. Salt projects in Angola
  • 9.5. Argentina
    • 9.5.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Argentina
    • 9.5.2. Producers of salt in Argentina
  • 9.6. Armenia
  • 9.7. Australia
    • 9.7.1. Production of salt in Australia by state
    • 9.7.2. Producers of salt in Australia
    • 9.7.3. Salt projects in Australia
  • 9.8. Austria
    • 9.8.1. Producers of salt in Austria
  • 9.9. Azerbaijan
    • 9.9.1. Producers of salt in Azerbaijan
  • 9.10. Bahamas
  • 9.11. Bangladesh
  • 9.12. Belarus
    • 9.12.1. Producers of salt in Belarus
  • 9.13. Belgium
  • 9.14. Bonaire
  • 9.15. Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • 9.15.1. Producers of salt in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 9.16. Botswana
    • 9.16.1. Producers of salt in Botswana
  • 9.17. Brazil
    • 9.17.1. Production of salt by type in Brazil
    • 9.17.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Brazil
    • 9.17.3. Producers of salt in Brazil
  • 9.18. Bulgaria
    • 9.18.1. Producers of salt in Bulgaria
  • 9.19. Cambodia
  • 9.20. Canada
    • 9.20.1. Production of salt by type in Canada
    • 9.20.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Canada
    • 9.20.3. Producers of salt in Canada
  • 9.21. Chile
    • 9.21.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Chile
    • 9.21.2. Producers of salt in Chile
    • 9.21.3. Salt projects in Chile
  • 9.22. China
    • 9.22.1. Production capacity for salt in China
    • 9.22.2. Production of salt by type in China
    • 9.22.3. Production of salt by province in China
    • 9.22.4. Apparent consumption of salt in China
    • 9.22.5. Factors affecting the salt industry in China
      • 9.22.5.1. Rising cost of salt production
      • 9.22.5.2. Fragmented ownership of capacity
      • 9.22.5.3. Quality of salt produced
      • 9.22.5.4. Competition with imported salt
      • 9.22.5.5. Administrative price control changes
    • 9.22.6. Producers of salt in China
  • 9.23. Colombia
    • 9.23.1. Production of salt by type in Colombia
    • 9.23.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Colombia
    • 9.23.3. Producers of salt in Colombia
  • 9.24. Costa Rica
  • 9.25. Croatia
    • 9.25.1. Producers of salt in Croatia
  • 9.26. Cuba
  • 9.27. Denmark
  • 9.28. Djibouti
    • 9.28.1. Potential salt projects in Djibouti
  • 9.29. Dominican Republic
  • 9.30. Ecuador
  • 9.31. Egypt
    • 9.31.1. Producers of salt in Egypt
  • 9.32. El Salvador
  • 9.33. Eritrea
    • 9.33.1. Potential salt projects in Eritrea
  • 9.34. Ethiopia
    • 9.34.1. Producers of salt in Ethiopia
  • 9.35. France
    • 9.35.1. Apparent consumption of salt in France
    • 9.35.2. Producers of salt in France
  • 9.36. Germany
    • 9.36.1. Production of salt by type in Germany
    • 9.36.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Germany
    • 9.36.3. Producers of salt in Germany
  • 9.37. Ghana
    • 9.37.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Ghana
    • 9.37.2. Producers of salt in Ghana
  • 9.38. Greece
    • 9.38.1. Producers of salt in Greece
  • 9.39. Guatemala
  • 9.40. Guinea
  • 9.41. Honduras
  • 9.42. India
    • 9.42.1. Production of salt by type and state in India
    • 9.42.2. Apparent consumption of salt in India
    • 9.42.3. Producers of salt in India
    • 9.42.4. Salt projects in India
  • 9.43. Indonesia
    • 9.43.1. Production of salt in Indonesia
    • 9.43.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Indonesia
    • 9.43.3. Producers of salt in Indonesia
      • 9.43.3.1. Artisan producers
      • 9.43.3.2. PT Garam
      • 9.43.3.3. PT Cheetham Salt Garam Indonesia
    • 9.43.4. Salt projects in Indonesia
  • 9.44. Iran
    • 9.44.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Iran
    • 9.44.2. Producers of salt in Iran
  • 9.45. Iraq
  • 9.46. Israel
    • 9.46.1. Producers of salt in Israel
  • 9.47. Italy
    • 9.47.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Italy
    • 9.47.2. Producers of salt in Italy
  • 9.48. Jamaica
  • 9.49. Japan
  • 9.50. Apparent consumption of salt in Japan
    • 9.50.1. Producers of salt in Japan
  • 9.51. Jordan
    • 9.51.1. Producers of salt in Jordan
  • 9.52. Kazakhstan
    • 9.52.1. Producers of salt in Kazakhstan
  • 9.53. Kenya
    • 9.53.1. Producers of salt in Kenya
  • 9.54. North Korea
  • 9.55. South Korea
    • 9.55.1. Producers of salt in South Korea
  • 9.56. Kuwait
  • 9.57. Kyrgyzstan
  • 9.58. Laos
  • 9.59. Lebanon
  • 9.60. Libya
  • 9.61. Madagascar
    • 9.61.1. Producers of salt in Madagascar
  • 9.62. Mali
  • 9.63. Mauritius
  • 9.64. Mexico
    • 9.64.1. Production of salt by region in Mexico
    • 9.64.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Mexico
    • 9.64.3. Producers of salt in Mexico
  • 9.65. Mongolia
  • 9.66. Montenegro
  • 9.67. Morocco
    • 9.67.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Morocco
    • 9.67.2. Producers of salt in Morocco
    • 9.67.3. Salt projects in Morocco
  • 9.68. Mozambique
  • 9.69. Myanmar
  • 9.70. Namibia
    • 9.70.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Namibia
    • 9.70.2. Producers of salt in Namibia
    • 9.70.3. Potential salt projects in Namibia
  • 9.71. Netherlands
    • 9.71.1. Producers of salt in Netherlands
  • 9.72. New Zealand
    • 9.72.1. Producers of salt in New Zealand
  • 9.73. Nigeria
  • 9.74. Nicaragua
  • 9.75. Oman
  • 9.76. Pakistan
    • 9.76.1. Production of salt by type in Pakistan
    • 9.76.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Pakistan
    • 9.76.3. Producers of salt in Pakistan
    • 9.76.4. Salt projects in Pakistan
  • 9.77. Panama
  • 9.78. Peru
    • 9.78.1. Producers of salt in Peru
    • 9.78.2. Potential salt projects in Peru
  • 9.79. Philippines
    • 9.79.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Philippines
    • 9.79.2. Producers of salt in the Philippines
  • 9.80. Poland
    • 9.80.1. Production of salt by type in Poland
    • 9.80.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Poland
    • 9.80.3. Producers of salt in Poland
  • 9.81. Portugal
    • 9.81.1. Production of salt by type in Portugal
    • 9.81.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Portugal
    • 9.81.3. Producers of salt in Portugal
  • 9.82. Romania
    • 9.82.1. Producers of salt in Romania
  • 9.83. Russia
    • 9.83.1. Production of salt by type in Russia
    • 9.83.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Russia
    • 9.83.3. Producers of salt in Russia
    • 9.83.4. Salt projects in Russia
  • 9.84. Saudi Arabia
    • 9.84.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Saudi Arabia
    • 9.84.2. Producers of salt in Saudi Arabia
  • 9.85. Senegal
    • 9.85.1. Producers of salt in Senegal
  • 9.86. Serbia
  • 9.87. Slovenia
  • 9.88. Somalia
    • 9.88.1. Salt projects in Somalia
  • 9.89. South Africa
    • 9.89.1. Apparent consumption of salt in South Africa
    • 9.89.2. Producers of salt in South Africa
  • 9.90. Spain
    • 9.90.1. Production of salt by type in Spain
    • 9.90.2. Production of salt by province and type in Spain
    • 9.90.3. Apparent consumption of salt in Spain
    • 9.90.4. Producers of salt in Spain
    • 9.90.5. Potential producers of salt in Spain
  • 9.91. Sri Lanka
    • 9.91.1. Producers of salt in Sri Lanka
  • 9.92. Sudan
    • 9.92.1. Producers of salt in Sudan
  • 9.93. Switzerland
    • 9.93.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Switzerland
    • 9.93.2. Producers of salt in Switzerland
  • 9.94. Syria
  • 9.95. Taiwan
  • 9.96. Tajikistan
    • 9.96.1. Producers of salt in Tajikistan
  • 9.97. Tanzania
    • 9.97.1. Producers of salt in Tanzania
  • 9.98. Thailand
    • 9.98.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Thailand
    • 9.98.2. Producers of salt in Thailand
  • 9.99. Tunisia
    • 9.99.1. Producers of salt in Tunisia
  • 9.100. Turkey
    • 9.100.1. Production of salt by type in Turkey
    • 9.100.2. Apparent consumption of salt in Turkey
    • 9.100.3. Producers of salt in Turkey
  • 9.101. Turkmenistan
  • 9.102. Ukraine
    • 9.102.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Ukraine
    • 9.102.2. Production of salt by product in Ukraine
    • 9.102.3. Producers of salt in Ukraine
  • 9.103. United Arab Emirates
    • 9.103.1. Producers of salt in United Arab Emirates
  • 9.104. United Kingdom
    • 9.104.1. Apparent consumption of salt in United Kingdom
    • 9.104.2. Producers of salt in United Kingdom
    • 9.104.3. Potential producers of salt in United Kingdom
  • 9.105. United States of America
    • 9.105.1. Production of salt by type in United States of America
    • 9.105.2. Apparent consumption of salt in United States of America
    • 9.105.3. Producers of salt in United States of America
  • 9.106. Uzbekistan
    • 9.106.1. Producers of salt in Uzbekistan
  • 9.107. Venezuela
    • 9.107.1. Producers of salt in Venezuela
  • 9.108. Vietnam
    • 9.108.1. Apparent consumption of salt in Vietnam
    • 9.108.2. Producers of salt in Vietnam
  • 9.109. Yemen
    • 9.109.1. Producers of salt in Yemen

10. End uses for salt

  • 10.1. Use of salt in chloralkali production
    • 10.1.1. Chloralkali production methods
      • 10.1.1.1. Membrane cells
      • 10.1.1.2. Diaphragm cells
      • 10.1.1.3. Mercury cells
      • 10.1.1.4. Oxygen depolarised cathode (ODC)
    • 10.1.2. Type of salt consumed in chloralkali production
    • 10.1.3. Global chloralkali production capacity
      • 10.1.3.1. Asia
      • 10.1.3.2. North America
      • 10.1.3.3. Europe
      • 10.1.3.4. Middle East
      • 10.1.3.5. Africa
      • 10.1.3.6. South America
    • 10.1.4. World production of chlorine
    • 10.1.5. World production of caustic soda
      • 10.1.5.1. Production of caustic soda in China
      • 10.1.5.2. Production of caustic soda in India
      • 10.1.5.3. Production of chlorine and caustic soda in Japan
    • 10.1.6. Consumption of salt in chloralkali
    • 10.1.7. Markets for chloralkali
      • 10.1.7.1. Markets for chlorine
      • 10.1.7.2. World and regional markets for chlorine
      • 10.1.7.3. Markets for caustic soda
      • 10.1.7.4. Regional markets for caustic soda
    • 10.1.8. Trends in chloralkali production
      • 10.1.8.1. Regional trends in chloralkali production
    • 10.1.9. Trends in chlorine production
      • 10.1.9.1. Markets for PVC
      • 10.1.9.2. Future demand for PVC
      • 10.1.9.3. Future demand for caustic soda
    • 10.1.10. Forecast demand for salt in chloralkali production
  • 10.2. Use of salt in synthetic soda ash production
    • 10.2.1. Synthetic soda ash production processes
      • 10.2.1.1. Solvay process
      • 10.2.1.2. Hou (Ammonium chloride co-production or Dual) process
      • 10.2.1.3. New Asahi process
      • 10.2.1.4. Akzo Dry Lime process
    • 10.2.2. Synthetic soda ash capacity by country
      • 10.2.2.1. China
      • 10.2.2.2. Producers of synthetic soda ash
    • 10.2.3. Synthetic soda ash projects
    • 10.2.4. Regional production of synthetic soda ash
    • 10.2.5. Regional consumption of salt in synthetic soda ash production
    • 10.2.6. Markets for soda ash
      • 10.2.6.1. Production of glass
      • 10.2.6.2. Production of glass by region and main countries
      • 10.2.6.3. Markets for glass
      • 10.2.6.4. Use of soda ash in other markets
      • 10.2.6.5. Future demand for salt in synthetic soda ash production
  • 10.3. Use of salt in de-icing
    • 10.3.1. Type of salt used in de-icing
      • 10.3.1.1. Specifications for de-icing salt
    • 10.3.2. Major producers of de-icing salt
      • 10.3.2.1. Compass Minerals
      • 10.3.2.2. K+S
      • 10.3.2.3. Cargill
      • 10.3.2.4. American Rock Salt
      • 10.3.2.5. Groupe Salins
      • 10.3.2.6. Nouryon
    • 10.3.3. Consumption of salt in de-icing in the USA
    • 10.3.4. Consumption of salt in de-icing in Canada
    • 10.3.5. Consumption of salt in de-icing in Europe
    • 10.3.6. Consumption of salt in de-icing in Asia
    • 10.3.7. World consumption of salt in de-icing
    • 10.3.8. Forecast demand for salt in de-icing
  • 10.4. Use of salt in food and food processing
    • 10.4.1. Functions of salt in food
    • 10.4.2. Type of salt used in food and food processing
    • 10.4.3. Consumption of salt in food
      • 10.4.3.1. Consumption of salt in food processing in USA
    • 10.4.4. Trends in demand for salt in food
    • 10.4.5. Forecast demand for salt in food
  • 10.5. Use of salt in other chemical applications
    • 10.5.1. Sodium chlorate
      • 10.5.1.1. Production of sodium chlorate
      • 10.5.1.2. Producers of sodium chlorate
      • 10.5.1.3. Consumption of sodium chlorate
    • 10.5.2. Sodium metal production
    • 10.5.3. Hydrochloric acid production
    • 10.5.4. Synthetic cryolite production
    • 10.5.5. Other industrial applications for salt
  • 10.6. Use of salt in other applications
    • 10.6.1. Use of salt in animal feed
    • 10.6.2. Use of salt in water treatment
      • 10.6.2.1. Water softening
      • 10.6.2.2. Water chlorinators
    • 10.6.3. Use of salt in pharmaceuticals
    • 10.6.4. Industrial uses for salt
      • 10.6.4.1. Oil and gas exploration
      • 10.6.4.2. Pulp and paper
      • 10.6.4.3. Metal processing
      • 10.6.4.4. Textiles and dyes
      • 10.6.4.5. Tanning and leather

11. Company profiles of leading salt producers

  • 11.1. American Rock Salt
  • 11.2. Archean Group
  • 11.3. Artyomsol
  • 11.4. Bashkir Soda Company
  • 11.5. Cargill Salt
    • 11.5.1. Operations in Netherlands Antilles
    • 11.5.2. Operations in USA
      • 11.5.2.1. Cleveland
      • 11.5.2.2. Hersey
      • 11.5.2.3. Lansing
      • 11.5.2.4. Saint Clair
      • 11.5.2.5. Watkins Glen
    • 11.5.3. Operations in Venezuela
  • 11.6. Compañia Minera Cordillera Chile (CMC)
  • 11.7. China National Salt Industry Corporation (CNSIC)
    • 11.7.1. Inner Mongolia Lantai Industrial
    • 11.7.2. Sino-Salt Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Salt Industry
    • 11.7.3. Zhongyan Anhui Salt Chemical Group
    • 11.7.4. Zhongyan Changjiang Salinisation
    • 11.7.5. Zhongyan Hongbo (Group)
    • 11.7.6. Zhongyan Huai'an Salt Chemical Group Company Limited
    • 11.7.7. Zhongyan Jiangxi Salt Chemical
    • 11.7.8. Zhongyan Jilantai Salt Chemical Group
    • 11.7.9. Zhongyan Jingjinyu Salt Industry
    • 11.7.10. Zhongyan Jintan Salt Chemical
    • 11.7.11. Zhongyan Longxiang Salt Chemical
    • 11.7.12. Zhongyan Wuyang Salinisation
    • 11.7.13. Zhongyan Xiaolong Salinisation
    • 11.7.14. Zhongyan Yulin Salinisation
  • 11.8. Compass Minerals
    • 11.8.1. Operations in Canada
      • 11.8.1.1. Goderich
      • 11.8.1.2. Other operations in Canada
    • 11.8.2. Operations in UK
    • 11.8.3. Operations in USA
      • 11.8.3.1. Cote Blanche
      • 11.8.3.2. Ogden
      • 11.8.3.3. Lyons
  • 11.9. Crimean Soda
  • 11.10. Dampier Salt
  • 11.11. Dow
    • 11.11.1. Operations in Brazil
    • 11.11.2. Operations in Germany
  • 11.12. Chemical Industries Holding Company (CIHC)
    • 11.12.1. El Nasr Salines
  • 11.13. El-Mex Salines
  • 11.14. Exportadora de Sal (ESSA)
  • 11.15. Friends Group of Companies
  • 11.16. Groupe Salins
    • 11.16.1. Operations in France
      • 11.16.1.1. Aigues-Mortes
      • 11.16.1.2. Dax
      • 11.16.1.3. Salins de Giraud
      • 11.16.1.4. Varangéville
    • 11.16.2. Other operations in France
    • 11.16.3. Operations in Spain
      • 11.16.3.1. Torrevieja
    • 11.16.4. Operations in Senegal
    • 11.16.5. Operations in Tunisia
  • 11.17. Hunan Salt Industry Company Limited
    • 11.17.1. Hunan Xiangheng Salt Chemical
    • 11.17.2. Jiangxi Jiuer Salt Industry
    • 11.17.3. Hunan Xinagyu Salinisation
  • 11.18. Hubei Yihua Chemical Group
    • 11.18.1. Hubei Shuanghuan Technology
  • 11.19. Hub-Pak Salt Refinery
  • 11.20. Israel Chemicals (ICL)
    • 11.20.1. Operations in Israel
    • 11.20.2. Operations in Spain
    • 11.20.3. Operations in UK
  • 11.21. Inowroclawskie Kopalnie Soli Solino (IKS Solino)
  • 11.22. INEOS
    • 11.22.1. INEOS Salt
    • 11.22.2. Inovyn
  • 11.23. Jiangsu Jingshen Salt & Chemical Industry
  • 11.24. Jiangxi Provincial State-Owned Enterprise Assets Operation (Holdings)
  • 11.25. Jiangxi Jinghao Salt Chemical
  • 11.26. K+S Group
    • 11.26.1. Bahamas
    • 11.26.2. Brazil
    • 11.26.3. Canada
      • 11.26.3.1. Mines Seleine
      • 11.26.3.2. Ojibway
      • 11.26.3.3. Pugwash
      • 11.26.3.4. Other operations in Canada
    • 11.26.4. Chile
    • 11.26.5. France
    • 11.26.6. Germany
      • 11.26.6.1. Borth
      • 11.26.6.2. Bernburg
      • 11.26.6.3. Braunschweig-Lüneburg
    • 11.26.7. Netherlands
    • 11.26.8. Portugal
    • 11.26.9. Spain
    • 11.26.10. USA
      • 11.26.10.1. Grantsville
      • 11.26.10.2. Weeks Island
      • 11.26.10.3. Other US operations
    • 11.26.11. Markets for salt produced by K+S
  • 11.27. Mitsui
    • 11.27.1. Shark Bay
    • 11.27.2. Onslow
  • 11.28. Nouryon
    • 11.28.1. Operations in Denmark
    • 11.28.2. Operations in Netherlands
  • 11.29. Olin
  • 11.30. Qinghai Salt Industry
  • 11.31. Russalt
    • 11.31.1. Bassol
    • 11.31.2. Iletskol
    • 11.31.3. Usolsky
  • 11.32. Salinas do Nordeste (SALINOR)
  • 11.33. Societatea Natfionalã a Sãrii (Salrom)
  • 11.34. Shandong Chengyuan Group
    • 11.34.1. Laizhou Chengyuan Salt Chemical Group
  • 11.35. Shandong Haihua Group
  • 11.36. Shandong Weifang Longwei Industry Group
  • 11.37. Sichuan Hebang Biotechnology
  • 11.38. Sichuan Jiuda Salt Industry (Group)
  • 11.39. Solvay
    • 11.39.1. Bulgaria
    • 11.39.2. France
    • 11.39.3. Germany
    • 11.39.4. Italy
    • 11.39.5. Spain
  • 11.40. Südwestdeutsche Salzwerke (SWS)
    • 11.40.1. Heilbronn
    • 11.40.2. Südsalz
  • 11.41. Tangshan Sanyou Group
  • 11.42. Tata Chemicals (TCL)
    • 11.42.1. India
    • 11.42.2. Kenya
    • 11.42.3. UK
  • 11.43. Texas Brine
  • 11.44. Uralkali
  • 11.45. Westlake Chemical
    • 11.45.1. Plaquemine
    • 11.45.2. Lake Charles
    • 11.45.3. Natrium

12. Macro economic outlook

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