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ソーダ灰:市場見通し

Soda Ash: Market Outlook to 2018, 12th Edition 2014

発行 Roskill Information Services 商品コード 124271
出版日 ページ情報 英文 432 Pages, 229 Tables and 141 Figures
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1GBP=148.37円で換算しております。
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ソーダ灰:市場見通し Soda Ash: Market Outlook to 2018, 12th Edition 2014
出版日: 2014年10月17日 ページ情報: 英文 432 Pages, 229 Tables and 141 Figures
概要

世界のソーダ灰消費量は2009年以降、力強い回復を示しましたが、特に欧州および北米において経済成長が期待されたよりも低かったため、近年、弱まりを見せています。中国の消費量は成長を続けていますが、建設部門における活動レベルが低いことから、前回予測より低下しています。

当レポートでは、ソーダ灰の概要と世界の生産、輸出入、消費動向を分析し、様々な用途別の消費量や価格などの今後の見通しについてまとめています。

第1章 サマリー

第2章 ソーダ灰の発生、抽出、加工

  • ソーダ灰の発生
  • 天然ソーダ灰の抽出
  • 天然ソーダ灰の加工
  • 人工ソーダ灰
  • 生産コスト

第3章 世界のソーダ灰生産能力

  • 地域別
  • 企業、国別
  • 近年の変化
  • 今後の見通し

第4章 世界のソーダ灰生産

  • 地域別
  • 国別
  • 企業別
  • タイプ別
  • 地域別操業率
  • ソーダ灰供給見通し

第5章 各国におけるソーダ灰の生産

  • アルゼンチン
  • オーストラリア
  • ベラルーシ
  • ベルギー
  • ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ
  • ボツワナ
  • ブラジル
  • ブルガリア
  • 中国
  • エジプト
  • エチオピア
  • フランス
  • ドイツ
  • インド
  • イラン
  • イタリア
  • 日本
  • カザフスタン
  • ケニア
  • メキシコ
  • 北朝鮮
  • オマーン
  • パキスタン
  • ポーランド
  • ポルトガル
  • ルーマニア
  • ロシア
  • サウジアラビア
  • スペイン
  • タンザニア
  • タイ
  • トルコ
  • トルクメニスタン
  • ウクライナ
  • 英国
  • 米国
  • ウズベキスタン

第6章 ソーダ灰の国際貿易

  • 世界のソーダ灰輸出
  • 世界のソーダ灰輸入
  • 地域別貿易
  • 輸送コスト

第7章 世界におけるソーダ灰の消費

  • 地域別
  • 国別
  • エンドユース別
  • 東・東南アジア
  • 北米
  • 欧州
  • CIS
  • 南アフリカ
  • その他
  • 需要見通し

第8章 ガラスへのソーダ灰の使用

  • ガラス製造に用いられる原材料
  • 地域別ガラス生産
  • コンテナガラス
  • フラットガラス
  • その他のガラス
  • ファイバーガラス

第9章 ナトリウム物質へのソーダ灰の使用

  • ケイ酸ナトリウム
  • トリポリリン酸ナトリウム(STPP)
  • 重炭酸ナトリウム
  • 過炭酸ナトリウム
  • クロム酸ナトリウム
  • その他
  • ナトリウム物質における消費量

第10章 石鹸・洗剤へのソーダ灰の使用

  • 石鹸・洗剤の製造
  • 石鹸・洗剤の生産
  • 石鹸・洗剤におけるソーダ灰の消費量
  • 需要見通し

第11章 その他の用途へのソーダ灰の使用

  • 水処理
  • 排煙脱硫
  • パルプ・製紙
  • 掘削流体
  • カルシウムベントナイト転換
  • 臭素生産
  • 硫化水素回復
  • 鋳物砂
  • 電気めっき
  • 焼成珪藻土

第12章 ソーダ灰の価格

  • 米国
  • 欧州
  • 中国
  • インド
  • 各国比較
  • その他の地域における価格
  • 今後の価格見通し

図表

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: ISBN 978 0 86214 610 8

Are you facing big decisions involving soda ash

The market for soda ash is global, and local events can make waves across the world. If you're involved with soda ash in any way, you know that everything's important - both the small details and the big picture. A complete perspective is essential, whether you're preparing a company strategy, bringing product to market, buying, selling or investing.

Make the right choice

Whatever your challenge, this report gives you deep insights to help you make well-informed recommendations or decisions. It's a detailed account of:

  • World production and consumption
  • End-use market applications
  • Demand projections
  • International trade patterns
  • The operations of the major producers
  • Potential new and expansion projects

Is this report for you

Our clients include anyone with an interest in the evolving soda ash market, anywhere in the world. Readers of past reports have come from a wide range of relevant industries - from extraction to end-use, from raw material producers to consumers to banks, from existing players to new entrants. And they range from analysts and researchers to operational managers and chief executives.

This report gives you a full analysis of the key trends, issues and developments in the market, a clear insight into all areas of the industry and an authoritative analysis of its prospects.

Overview

Global consumption of soda ash recovered strongly after 2009 but has weakened in recent years because of lower than expected economic growth, especially in Europe and North America. Chinese consumption has continued to grow but has been lower than previously expected because of lower levels of activity in the construction sector.

The Chinese soda ash industry remains the largest of any nation and is continuing to expand but faces increasing economic problems that are affecting the financial viability of some operations. A prime cause of this is the continued opening of new capacity at a higher rate than domestic consumption. Where previously Chinese producers could export soda ash they are facing increasing competition from US producers who are enjoying highly competitive production costs. This has led to a number of capacity expansions in the US where producers have become increasingly dependent on the export market because of weakness in domestic consumption.

In Europe producers are facing a number of difficulties, which has led to the closure of a number of operations over the last decade. These include rising production costs and stagnant regional consumption, and most recently competition from new Turkish capacity. Some

European producers have switched to supplying higher value products, notably sodium bicarbonate, in order to remain competitive. Turkish companies are now significant suppliers to the Middle East/Europe and will become more important in the future as additional capacity is planned. The Indian market is now protected from lower cost imports by tariffs and is likely to show lower growth in demand as a consequence. The South American market has grown markedly in recent years and will become increasingly important in the future, especially to US producers.

Glass remains the main market for soda ash and will continue to do so into the future. The flat glass sector in particular has become increasingly important to soda ash producers and will continue to do so into the future. In turn, demand for flat glass is highly dependent on levels of activity in the global construction sector and to a lesser degree automotive production. Construction continues to be highest in East Asia and the Middle East but is also slowly recovering in North America and the regional economy slowly recovers. The European construction sector, previously one of the largest in the world, remains largely subdued and is unlikely to show significant growth for years to come.

Demand for soda ash will be adversely affected by the increased use of recycled glass or cullet, especially in Europe where systems for its collection and delivery to consumers have become increasingly well developed. This is also the case in Japan and to a lesser degree the USA. Elsewhere use of cullet is less common but will rise in the future. Markets in metal processing and flue gas desulphurisation in particular are expected to show strong growth in the future.

Get accurate answers from independent experts

  • 1. Will demand for soda ash continue to rise to 2018
  • 2. How is growing production in Turkey affecting the global market, especially in Europe
  • 3. Will US soda ash producers continue to regain market share in deep water markets
  • 4. What will the global market look like in 2018 on a regional and end use basis
  • 5. Will the Chinese soda ash industry continue to struggle with overcapacity and poor operating rates

Table of Contents

1. Summary

2. Occurrence, extraction and processing of soda ash

  • 2.1. Occurrence of natural soda ash
  • 2.2. Extraction of natural soda ash
    • 2.2.1. Trona extraction in the Green River Basin
    • 2.2.2. Trona extraction at Lake Magadi
    • 2.2.3. Brine extraction at Searles Lake and Sua Pan
    • 2.2.4. Nahcolite extraction in the Piceance Creek Basin
    • 2.2.5. Trona and nahcolite extraction in China
  • 2.3. Natural soda ash processing
    • 2.3.1. Monohydrate process
    • 2.3.2. Sesquicarbonate process
  • 2.4. Synthetic soda ash
    • 2.4.1. Solvay process
    • 2.4.2. Hou (Ammonium Chloride Co-production or Dual) process
    • 2.4.3. New Asahi Process
    • 2.4.4. Akzo Dry Lime Process
    • 2.4.5. Nepheline syenite process
  • 2.5. Production costs
    • 2.5.1. Solvay process plants
    • 2.5.2. Hou process
    • 2.5.3. Natural soda ash

3. World soda ash production capacity

  • 3.1. Soda ash production capacity by region and country
  • 3.2. Soda ash production capacity by company
    • 3.2.1. Natural soda ash production capacity
    • 3.2.2. Synthetic soda ash production capacity
  • 3.3. Changes in soda ash production capacity
  • 3.4. Outlook for soda ash production capacity

4. World production of soda ash

  • 4.1. Production of soda ash by region
  • 4.2. Production of soda ash by country
  • 4.3. Production of soda ash by company
  • 4.4. Production of soda ash by type
  • 4.5. Operating rates by region
  • 4.6. Outlook for soda ash supply
    • 4.6.1. Outlook for soda ash supply in Asia
    • 4.6.2. Outlook for soda ash supply in North America
    • 4.6.3. Outlook for soda ash supply in Europe
    • 4.6.4. Outlook for soda ash supply in the CIS
    • 4.6.5. Outlook for soda ash supply in the Middle East
    • 4.6.6. Outlook for soda ash supply in South America
    • 4.6.7. Outlook for soda ash supply in Africa
    • 4.6.8. Forecast outlook for world supply of soda ash

5. Soda ash production by country

  • 5.1. Argentina
    • 5.1.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Argentina
    • 5.1.2. Producers of soda ash in Argentina
  • 5.2. Australia
    • 5.2.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Australia
    • 5.2.2. Former producers of soda ash in Australia
  • 5.3. Belarus
  • 5.4. Belgium
    • 5.4.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Belgium
    • 5.4.2. Producers of soda ash in Belgium
      • 5.4.2.1. BASF AG
      • 5.4.2.2. Solvay SA
  • 5.5. Bosnia & Herzegovina
    • 5.5.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Bosnia & Herzegovina
    • 5.5.2. Producers of soda ash in Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 5.6. Botswana
    • 5.6.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Botswana
    • 5.6.2. Producers of soda ash in Botswana
  • 5.7. Brazil
    • 5.7.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Brazil
    • 5.7.2. Former producers of soda ash in Brazil
  • 5.8. Bulgaria
    • 5.8.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Bulgaria
    • 5.8.2. Producers of soda ash in Bulgaria
  • 5.9. China
    • 5.9.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in China
    • 5.9.1.1. Production of soda ash in China by province
    • 5.9.2. Production of soda ash in China by method
    • 5.9.3. Production of soda ash in China by grade
    • 5.9.4. Soda ash production capacity by type in China
    • 5.9.5. Production of soda ash in China by company
    • 5.9.6. Synthetic soda ash producers in China
      • 5.9.6.1. Tangshan SanYou Chemical Industries Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.2. Shandong Haihua Group Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.3. Hubei Yihua Group Limited Liability Company
      • 5.9.6.4. China National Salt Industry Corporation
      • 5.9.6.5. Henan Jinshan Chemical Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.6. Sichuan Hebang Investment Group Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.7. Nanjing Chemical Industry Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.8. Zhejiang Glass Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.9. Shandong Haitian Bio-chemical Limited
      • 5.9.6.10. Qinghai Wucai Soda Ash Industry Company limited
      • 5.9.6.11. Shihlien Chemical Industrial (Jiangsu) Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.12. Qingdao Soda Ash Industrial Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.13. Tianjin Bohai Chemical Industry Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.14. Jiangsu Debang Chemical Industry Group Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.15. Dahua Group Dalian Chemical Industry Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.16. Guangdong Nanfang Soda Ash Industrial Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.17. Shijiazhuang Shuanglian Chemical Industry Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.18. Shindoo Chemi-Industry Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.19. Jiangsu Huachang (Group) Company Limited
      • 5.9.6.20. Sichuan Jiuda Group
    • 5.9.7. Synthetic soda ash projects in China
    • 5.9.8. Natural soda ash producers in China
      • 5.9.8.1. Henan Zhongyuan Chemical Company Limited
    • 5.9.9. Exports of soda ash from China
    • 5.9.10. Imports of soda ash into China
    • 5.9.11. Factors affecting the Chinese soda ash industry
      • 5.9.11.1. Trends in the Chinese soda ash industry
  • 5.10. Egypt
    • 5.10.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Egypt
    • 5.10.2. Producers of soda ash in Egypt
    • 5.10.3. Soda ash projects in Egypt
  • 5.11. Ethiopia
    • 5.11.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Ethiopia
    • 5.11.2. Producers of soda ash in Ethiopia
  • 5.12. France
    • 5.12.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in France
    • 5.12.2. Producers of soda ash in France
      • 5.12.2.1. Solvay Carbonate France
      • 5.12.2.2. Novacarb
  • 5.13. Germany
    • 5.13.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Germany
    • 5.13.2. Producers of soda ash in Germany
      • 5.13.2.1. Solvay Soda Deutschland GmbH
      • 5.13.2.2. Ciech SA
      • 5.13.2.3. BASF AG
  • 5.14. India
    • 5.14.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in India
    • 5.14.2. Producers of soda ash in India
      • 5.14.2.1. Tata Chemicals Limited
      • 5.14.2.2. Nirma Limited
      • 5.14.2.3. GHCL Limited
      • 5.14.2.4. DCW Limited
    • 5.14.3. Former producers of soda ash in India
    • 5.14.4. Soda ash projects in India
  • 5.15. Iran
    • 5.15.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Iran
    • 5.15.2. Producers of soda ash in Iran
      • 5.15.2.1. Kaveh Glass Industry Group
      • 5.15.2.2. Semnan Soda Ash Company
      • 5.15.2.3. Shiraz Petrochemical Company
      • 5.15.2.4. Abgineh Glass Company
  • 5.16. Italy
    • 5.16.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Italy
    • 5.16.2. Producers of soda ash in Italy
  • 5.17. Japan
    • 5.17.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Japan
    • 5.17.2. Producers of soda ash in Japan
      • 5.17.2.1. Tokuyama Corporation
      • 5.17.2.2. Central Glass Company Limited
  • 5.18. Kazakhstan
    • 5.18.1. Soda ash projects in Kazakhstan
  • 5.19. Kenya
    • 5.19.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Kenya
    • 5.19.2. Producers of soda ash in Kenya
  • 5.20. Mexico
    • 5.20.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Mexico
    • 5.20.2. Producers of soda ash in Mexico
  • 5.21. North Korea
  • 5.22. Oman
  • 5.23. Pakistan
    • 5.23.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Pakistan
    • 5.23.2. Producers of soda ash in Pakistan
      • 5.23.2.1. Yunus Brothers Group
      • 5.23.2.2. Olympia Chemicals Limited
  • 5.24. Poland
    • 5.24.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Poland
    • 5.24.2. Producers of soda ash in Poland
  • 5.25. Portugal
    • 5.25.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Portugal
    • 5.25.2. Producers of soda ash in Portugal
  • 5.26. Romania
    • 5.26.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Romania
    • 5.26.2. Producers of soda ash in Romania
    • 5.26.3. Former producers of soda ash in Romania
  • 5.27. Russia
    • 5.27.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Russia
    • 5.27.2. Producers of soda ash in Russia
      • 5.27.2.1. JSC Bashkirin Chemistry
      • 5.27.2.2. Russian Aluminium
  • 5.28. Saudi Arabia
    • 5.28.1. Soda ash projects in Saudi Arabia
  • 5.29. Spain
    • 5.29.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Spain
    • 5.29.2. Producers of soda ash in Spain
  • 5.30. Tanzania
    • 5.30.1. Soda ash projects in Tanzania
  • 5.31. Thailand
  • 5.32. Turkey
    • 5.32.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Turkey
    • 5.32.2. Producers of soda ash in Turkey
      • 5.32.2.1. T rkiye i e ve Cam Fabrikalari AS (Sisecam)
      • 5.32.2.2. Eti Soda AS
    • 5.32.3. Soda ash projects in Turkey
  • 5.33. Turkmenistan
  • 5.34. Ukraine
    • 5.34.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Ukraine
      • 5.34.1.1. Producers of soda ash in Ukraine
      • 5.34.1.2. Group DF
    • 5.34.2. Former producers of soda ash in Ukraine
  • 5.35. UK
    • 5.35.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in the UK
    • 5.35.2. Producers of soda ash in the UK
  • 5.36. USA
    • 5.36.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in USA
    • 5.36.2. Producers of soda ash in USA
    • 5.36.3. Production of soda ash from trona in the USA
    • 5.36.4. Trona mining royalty issues in the USA
    • 5.36.5. Producers of soda ash from trona in Wyoming
      • 5.36.5.1. FMC Corporation
      • 5.36.5.2. OCI Wyoming LP
      • 5.36.5.3. Solvay Chemicals Incorporated
      • 5.36.5.4. Tata Chemicals North America Incorporated
    • 5.36.6. Production of other sodium chemicals from trona in Wyoming
      • 5.36.6.1. Church & Dwight
      • 5.36.6.2. NatronX Technologies
    • 5.36.7. Production of sodium bicarbonate from nahcolite in Colorado
      • 5.36.7.1. Enirgi Group Corporation
      • 5.36.7.2. Former producers of sodium chemicals from nahcolite in Colorado
    • 5.36.8. Production of soda ash from trona in California
      • 5.36.8.1. Nirma
      • 5.36.8.2. Rio Tinto Borax
    • 5.36.9. Other producers of sodium bicarbonate in the USA
  • 5.37. Uzbekistan
    • 5.37.1. Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash in Uzbekistan
    • 5.37.2. Producers of soda ash in Uzbekistan

6. International trade in soda ash

  • 6.1. World exports of soda ash
  • 6.2. World imports of soda ash
  • 6.3. Regional trade in soda ash
    • 6.3.1. Soda ash trade from North America
    • 6.3.2. Soda ash trade to/from East Asia
      • 6.3.2.1. Exports of soda ash from East Asia
      • 6.3.2.2. Imports of soda ash into East Asia
    • 6.3.3. Imports of soda ash into South East Asia
    • 6.3.4. Soda ash trade to/from Europe
      • 6.3.4.1. Imports of soda ash into Europe
      • 6.3.4.2. Exports of soda ash from Europe
    • 6.3.5. Soda ash trade to/from South Asia
      • 6.3.5.1. Exports of soda ash from South Asia
      • 6.3.5.2. Imports of soda ash into South Asia
    • 6.3.6. Soda ash trade to/from the CIS
      • 6.3.6.1. Exports of soda ash from the CIS
      • 6.3.6.2. Imports of soda ash into the CIS
    • 6.3.7. Soda ash trade to/from Africa
      • 6.3.7.1. Imports of soda ash into Africa
    • 6.3.8. Soda ash trade to/from the Middle East
    • 6.3.9. Soda ash trade to/from South America
      • 6.3.9.1. Imports of soda ash into South America
    • 6.3.10. Soda ash trade to/from Oceania
  • 6.4. Transport costs

7. World consumption of soda ash

  • 7.1. Consumption of soda ash by region
  • 7.2. Consumption of soda ash by country
  • 7.3. Consumption of soda ash in Asia
    • 7.3.1. Consumption of soda ash in East Asia
      • 7.3.1.1. Consumption of soda ash in China
    • 7.3.2. Consumption of soda ash in South East Asia
    • 7.3.3. Consumption of soda ash in South Asia
      • 7.3.3.1. Consumption of soda ash in India
  • 7.4. Consumption of soda ash in North America
    • 7.4.1. Consumption of soda ash in the USA
  • 7.5. Consumption of soda ash in Europe
  • 7.6. Consumption of soda ash in the CIS
  • 7.7. Consumption of soda ash in other regions
  • 7.8. Consumption of soda ash by end use
  • 7.9. Future demand for soda ash to 2018

8. Use of soda ash in glass

  • 8.1. Raw materials used in glass production
    • 8.1.1. Dolomite
      • 8.1.1.1. Feldspar and nepheline syenite
      • 8.1.1.2. Lithium carbonate
      • 8.1.1.3. Caustic soda
      • 8.1.1.4. Sodium sulphate
      • 8.1.1.5. Recycled glass (cullet)
    • 8.1.2. Specifications of soda ash used in glass
  • 8.2. Production of glass by region
    • 8.2.1. Production of glass in main producing regions and countries
      • 8.2.1.1. Production of glass in China
      • 8.2.1.2. Production of glass in the European Union (EU)
    • 8.2.2. Production of glass in the USA
    • 8.2.3. Production of glass in Japan
  • 8.3. Production of container glass
    • 8.3.1. Production of container glass by region
    • 8.3.2. Production and producers of container glass in Asia
      • 8.3.2.1. Bangladesh
      • 8.3.2.2. China
      • 8.3.2.3. India
      • 8.3.2.4. Indonesia
      • 8.3.2.5. Japan
      • 8.3.2.6. South Korea
      • 8.3.2.7. Malaysia
      • 8.3.2.8. Pakistan
      • 8.3.2.9. Thailand
      • 8.3.2.10. Vietnam
      • 8.3.2.11. Others producers of container glass in Asia
    • 8.3.3. Production and producers of container glass in Europe
    • 8.3.4. Production and producers of container glass in North America
      • 8.3.4.1. USA
      • 8.3.4.2. Others producers of container glass in North America
    • 8.3.5. Production and producers of container glass in the CIS
      • 8.3.5.1. Russia
      • 8.3.5.2. Ukraine
      • 8.3.5.3. Other producers of container glass in the CIS
    • 8.3.6. Production and producers of container glass in the Middle East
      • 8.3.6.1. Iran
      • 8.3.6.2. Saudi Arabia
      • 8.3.6.3. Syria
      • 8.3.6.4. Turkey
      • 8.3.6.5. United Arab Emirates
      • 8.3.6.6. Other producers of container glass in the Middle East
    • 8.3.7. Production and producers of container glass in South and Central America
      • 8.3.7.1. Argentina
      • 8.3.7.2. Brazil
      • 8.3.7.3. Others producers of container glass in South America
    • 8.3.8. Production and producers of container glass in Africa
      • 8.3.8.1. Algeria
      • 8.3.8.2. Angola
      • 8.3.8.3. Egypt
      • 8.3.8.4. Kenya
      • 8.3.8.5. Namibia
      • 8.3.8.6. Nigeria
      • 8.3.8.7. South Africa
      • 8.3.8.8. Other producers of container glass in Africa
    • 8.3.9. Production of container glass in Oceania
      • 8.3.9.1. Australia
      • 8.3.9.2. New Zealand
    • 8.3.10. Main producers of container glass
      • 8.3.10.1. Owens-Illinois (O-I)
      • 8.3.10.2. Saint-Gobain
      • 8.3.10.3. Ardagh Group
    • 8.3.11. Global market for packaging materials
    • 8.3.12. Markets for container glass
    • 8.3.13. Competition from alternative packaging materials
      • 8.3.13.1. Competition from PET
      • 8.3.13.2. Competition from aluminium
    • 8.3.14. Lightweighting in container glass
    • 8.3.15. Recycling of packaging materials
      • 8.3.15.1. Recycling container glass
      • 8.3.15.2. Recyling aluminium
      • 8.3.15.3. Recycling PET
      • 8.3.15.4. Recycling tinplate
    • 8.3.16. Future demand for container glass
  • 8.4. Production of flat glass
    • 8.4.1. Production of flat glass by region
    • 8.4.2. Recycling of flat glass
    • 8.4.3. Producers of flat glass
      • 8.4.3.1. Asahi Glass
      • 8.4.3.2. NSG Pilkington
      • 8.4.3.3. Saint-Gobain
      • 8.4.3.4. Guardian Industries
      • 8.4.3.5. Taiwan Glass
      • 8.4.3.6. PPG
    • 8.4.4. Production and producers of flat glass in Asia
      • 8.4.4.1. Bangladesh
      • 8.4.4.2. China
      • 8.4.4.3. India
      • 8.4.4.4. Indonesia
      • 8.4.4.5. Japan
      • 8.4.4.6. South Korea
      • 8.4.4.7. Malaysia
      • 8.4.4.8. Pakistan
      • 8.4.4.9. Philippines
      • 8.4.4.10. Taiwan
      • 8.4.4.11. Thailand
      • 8.4.4.12. Vietnam
    • 8.4.5. Production and producers of flat glass in Europe
    • 8.4.6. Production and producers of flat glass in North America
      • 8.4.6.1. Mexico
      • 8.4.6.2. USA
    • 8.4.7. Production and producers of flat glass in the CIS
      • 8.4.7.1. Azerbaijan
      • 8.4.7.2. Belarus
      • 8.4.7.3. Kazakhstan
      • 8.4.7.4. Kyrgyzstan
      • 8.4.7.5. Russia
      • 8.4.7.6. Ukraine
    • 8.4.8. Production and producers of flat glass in the Middle East
      • 8.4.8.1. Iran
      • 8.4.8.2. Israel
      • 8.4.8.3. Saudi Arabia
      • 8.4.8.4. Syria
      • 8.4.8.5. Turkey
      • 8.4.8.6. United Arab Emirates
    • 8.4.9. Production and producers of flat glass in South America
      • 8.4.9.1. Brazil
      • 8.4.9.2. Other producers of flat glass in South American countries
    • 8.4.10. Production and producers of flat glass in Africa
      • 8.4.10.1. Algeria
      • 8.4.10.2. Egypt
      • 8.4.10.3. Ethiopia
      • 8.4.10.4. Namibia
      • 8.4.10.5. Nigeria
      • 8.4.10.6. South Africa
      • 8.4.10.7. Zimbabwe
    • 8.4.11. Production of flat glass in Oceania
      • 8.4.11.1. Australia
    • 8.4.12. Consumption of flat glass
      • 8.4.12.1. Consumption of flat glass in construction
      • 8.4.12.2. Consumption of automotive glass
    • 8.4.13. Future demand for flat glass
  • 8.5. Production of other glass
    • 8.5.1. Production of glassware
  • 8.6. Production of fibreglass
    • 8.6.1. Production of textile-grade fibreglass
    • 8.6.2. Production of insulation-grade fibreglass
    • 8.6.3. World production of fibreglass
    • 8.6.4. Producers of fibreglass
      • 8.6.4.1. Owens Corning
      • 8.6.4.2. Saint-Gobain
      • 8.6.4.3. PPG
      • 8.6.4.4. Johns Manville
    • 8.6.5. Production of fibreglass in Asia
      • 8.6.5.1. China
      • 8.6.5.2. Japan
      • 8.6.5.3. Producers of fibreglass in other Asian countries
    • 8.6.6. Production of fibreglass in Europe
    • 8.6.7. Production of fibreglass in North America
      • 8.6.7.1. Canada
      • 8.6.7.2. Mexico
      • 8.6.7.3. USA
    • 8.6.8. Production of fibreglass in the CIS
    • 8.6.9. Production of fibreglass in the Middle East
    • 8.6.10. Production of fibreglass in South and Central America
    • 8.6.11. Production of fibreglass in Oceania
    • 8.6.12. Future demand for fibreglass
    • 8.6.13. Production of display panel glass
      • 8.6.13.1. Production of cathode ray tube glass
      • 8.6.13.2. Production of flat panel displays
      • 8.6.13.3. Outlook for display glass
    • 8.6.14. Optical fibres
    • 8.6.15. Consumption of soda ash in glass
      • 8.6.15.1. US consumption of soda ash in glass
    • 8.6.16. Outlook for soda ash demand in glass

9. Use of soda ash in sodium chemicals

  • 9.1. Sodium silicates
    • 9.1.1. Production methods for sodium silicates
    • 9.1.2. World production of sodium silicates
    • 9.1.3. Producers of sodium silicates
    • 9.1.4. Uses for of sodium silicates
      • 9.1.4.1. Use of sodium silicates in detergents
      • 9.1.4.2. Use of sodium silicate in speciality silicas production
    • 9.1.5. Consumption of sodium silicates
  • 9.2. Sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP)
    • 9.2.1. Producers of STPP
    • 9.2.2. Markets for STPP
  • 9.3. Sodium bicarbonate
    • 9.3.1. Producers of sodium bicarbonate
    • 9.3.2. Consumption of sodium bicarbonate
  • 9.4. Sodium percarbonate
  • 9.5. Sodium chromate and dichromate
    • 9.5.1. Consumption of soda ash in chromium chemicals
  • 9.6. Other sodium chemicals
    • 9.6.1. Caustic soda
    • 9.6.2. Sodium sesquicarbonate
    • 9.6.3. Sodium carbonate monohydrate/decahydrate
    • 9.6.4. Sodium hexacyanoferrate
  • 9.7. Consumption of soda ash in sodium chemicals
    • 9.7.1. US consumption of soda ash in chemicals
    • 9.7.2. Future demand for soda ash in sodium chemical production

10. Use of soda ash in soaps and detergents

  • 10.1. Production of soaps and detergents
  • 10.2. Soap and detergent production
  • 10.3. Consumption of soda ash in soaps and detergents
  • 10.4. Forecast demand for soda ash in soaps and detergents

11. Use of soda ash in metallurgy

  • 11.1. Desulphurisation of iron
  • 11.2. Use of soda ash in primary and secondary lead production
    • 11.2.1. Use of soda ash in refined lead production
    • 11.2.2. Use of soda ash in secondary lead production
  • 11.3. Use of soda ash in alumina production
  • 11.4. Use of soda ash in strontium carbonate production
  • 11.5. Use of soda ash in lithium carbonate production
  • 11.6. Use of soda ash in uranium production
  • 11.7. Use of soda ash in antimony production
  • 11.8. Use of soda ash in ammonium paratungstate (APT) production
  • 11.9. Consumption of and future demand for soda ash in metallurgy

12. Use of soda ash in other applications

  • 12.1. Use of soda ash in water treatment
  • 12.2. Use of soda ash in flue gas desulphurisation
  • 12.3. Use of soda ash in pulp and paper
  • 12.4. Use of soda ash in drilling fluids
  • 12.5. Calcium bentonite conversion
  • 12.6. Bromine production
  • 12.7. Use of soda ash in hydrogen sulphide recovery
  • 12.8. Use of soda ash in foundry sands
  • 12.9. Use of soda ash in electroplating
  • 12.10. Calcined diatomite

13. Prices of soda ash

  • 13.1. Soda ash prices in the USA
  • 13.2. Soda ash prices in Europe
  • 13.3. Soda ash prices in China
  • 13.4. Soda ash prices in India
  • 13.5. Comparison of US, Chinese and Indian soda ash prices
  • 13.6. Soda ash prices in other countries
  • 13.7. Outlook for soda ash prices

Tables Listing

  • 1. Properties of soda ash
  • 2. Soda ash: Chemical composition produced from various sources
  • 3. Sodium carbonate containing minerals
  • 4. World: Natural soda ash reserves, 2013
  • 5. Solvay process inputs
  • 6. Nepheline process: Material balance
  • 7. Nepheline process: Co-product recoveries
  • 8. World: Estimated regional active soda ash production capacity by type, end 2013
  • 9. World: Estimated regional and national active soda ash production capacity by type, end 2013
  • 10. World: Leading soda ash companies by nameplate and controlled production capacity, end 2013
  • 11. World: Natural soda ash nameplate capacity by country and company, end 2013
  • 12. World: Synthetic soda ash nameplate capacity by country and company, end 2013
  • 13. World: Summary of reported soda ash capacity start-ups, expansions, re-openings and closures outside China by country and company, 2000 to 2014
  • 14. World: Greenfield soda ash capacity start-ups outside China, 2014 onwards
  • 15. World: Announced soda ash capacity expansions outside China, 2014 onwards
  • 16. World: Regional soda ash capacity, 2013 and 2018
  • 17. World: Production of soda ash by region, 2005 to 2013
  • 18. World: Production of soda ash by country, 2005 to 2013
  • 19. World: Estimated regional production by leading soda ash companies, 2011 to 2013
  • 20. Argentina: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 21. Australia: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 22. Belgium: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 23. Solvay: Soda ash capacity by plant, End of year 2013
  • 24. Solvay Sodium bicarbonate capacity by plant, End of year 2013
  • 25. Bosnia & Herzegovina: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 26. Brazil: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 27. Bulgaria: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 28. China: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 29. China: Production capacity of soda ash by process, 2005 to 2013
  • 30. China: Soda ash capacity by process, 2005 to 2013
  • 31. China: Production of soda ash by leading producers, 2013
  • 32. China: Synthetic soda ash capacity by company, end of 2013
  • 33. Egypt: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 34. Ethiopia: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2012
  • 35. France: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 36. Germany: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 37. India: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 38. India: Soda ash capacity and production by company, 2013
  • 39. Tata Chemicals: Soda ash capacity by plant, end of year 2013
  • 40. Tata Chemicals: Production of soda ash by country, 2005/06 to 2012/13
  • 41. Tata Chemicals: India: Soda ash production and sales, 2000/01 to 2012/13
  • 42. Tata Chemicals: Sodium bicarboante capacity by plant, end 2013
  • 43. Tata Chemicals: India: Sodium bicarbonate production and sales, 2000/01 to 2013/14
  • 44. Nirma: Soda ash capacity by plant, 2013
  • 45. Nirma: Soda ash production, sales and consumption, 2001/02 to 2010/11
  • 46. GHCL: Soda ash production, captive use, sales and stocks, 2007/8 to 2013/14
  • 47. DCW: Soda ash production, stocks and sales, 2001/2 to 2011/12
  • 48. DCW: Sodium bicarbonate production, stocks and sales, 2001/2 to 2011/12
  • 49. Tuticorin Alkali: Soda ash production and sales, 2000/1 to 2006/7
  • 50. Iran: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 51. Shiraz Petrochemical: Soda ash and sodium bicarbonate production, 2002 to 2008
  • 52. Italy: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 53. Japan: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 54. Kenya: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 55. Mexico: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 56. Pakistan: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 57. ICI Pakistan: Soda ash and sodium bicarbonate production and sales, 2003 to 2012
  • 58. Poland: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 59. Ciech Group: Soda ash capacity by plant, 2013
  • 60. Ciech: Poland: Soda ash production and sales by type, 2004 to 2011
  • 61. Portugal: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 62. Romania: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 63. Russia: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 64. Russia: Soda ash capacity by company, 2013
  • 65. Russia: Production of soda ash by company, 2000 to 2013
  • 66. Spain: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 67. Turkey: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 68. Sisecam: Soda ash capacity by plant, 2013
  • 69. Sisecam: Estimated production of soda ash by country, 2000 to 2013
  • 70. Ukraine: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 71. UK: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 72. USA: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 73. USA: Soda ash production capacity, end 2013
  • 74. USA: Wyoming: Trona production, 2000 to 2013
  • 75. OCI Wyoming: Details of trona and soda ash production, 2009 to 2013
  • 76. Uzbekistan: Production, trade and apparent consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 77. World: Reported exports of soda ash by producing country, 2004 to 2013
  • 78. World: Main reported exports flows of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 79. World: Reported imports of soda ash by main countries, 2004 to 2013
  • 80. World: Main reported import flows of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 81. USA: Reported exports of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 82. China: Reported exports of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 83. East Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 84. East Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 85. East Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 86. South East Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 87. South East Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 88. South East Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 89. South East Asia: Implied imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 90. Europe: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 91. Europe: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 92. Europe: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 93. Europe: Implied imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 94. Europe: Reported exports of soda ash by main countries, 2011
  • 95. Europe: Reported exports of soda ash by main countries, 2012
  • 96. Europe: Reported exports of soda ash by main countries, 2013
  • 97. Europe: Implied exports of soda ash by main countries, 2013
  • 98. India: Reported exports of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 99. South Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 100. South Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 101. South Asia: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 102. South Asia: Implied imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 103. CIS: Reported exports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 104. CIS: Reported exports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 105. CIS: Reported exports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 106. CIS: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 107. CIS: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 108. CIS: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 109. CIS: Implied imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 110. Africa: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 111. Africa: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 112. Africa: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 113. Africa: Implied imports of soda ash by main countries, 2013
  • 114. Turkey: Implied exports of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 115. Middle East: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 116. Middle East: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 117. Middle East: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 118. Middle East: Implied imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 119. South America: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 120. South America: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 121. South America: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 122. South America: Implied imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 123. Oceania: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2011
  • 124. Oceania: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2012
  • 125. Oceania: Reported imports of soda ash by country, 2013
  • 126. World: Natural soda ash plant and main port locations
  • 127. USA: Shipping costs to major deep sea export markets, 2003 to 2013
  • 128. China: Shipping costs to major deep sea export markets, 2003 to 2013
  • 129. World: Consumption of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 130. World: Consumption of soda ash by main countries, 2004 to 2013
  • 131. China: Estimated consumption by end use, 2009 and 2013
  • 132. China: Consumption of raw materials in flat glass, 2010 to 2013
  • 133. India: Consumption of soda ash by end use, 2008 and 2012
  • 134. World: Estimated consumption of soda ash by region and end use, 2013
  • 135. World: Forecast demand for soda ash by region and end use, 2018
  • 136. World: Estimated consumption and forecast demand for soda ash by region, 2013 to 2018
  • 137. World: Estimated consumption and forecast demand for soda ash by end use, 2013 to 2018
  • 138. Characteristics of leading commercial types of glass
  • 139. Typical oxide contents of various glass types
  • 140. Typical batch compositions of various glass types
  • 141. World: Estimated production of glass by region and type, 2012
  • 142. China: Production of glass by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 143. EU: Production of glass by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 144. Germany, France and Italy: Production of glass by type, 2003 to 2010
  • 145. USA: Production of glass by type, 2000 to 2008
  • 146. Japan: Production of glass by type, 2000 to 2012
  • 147. World: Estimated production of container glass by region and main countries, 2012
  • 148. China: Major producers of container glass, 2014
  • 149. India: Container glass capacity by company, 2014
  • 150. Indonesia: Container glass capacity by company, 2014
  • 151. Japan: Container glass capacity by company, 2014
  • 152. Thailand: Container glass capacity by company, 2014
  • 153. Europe: Production of container glass by country, 2005 to 2013
  • 154. Europe: Other producers of container glass, 2014
  • 155. USA: Production of glass containers by end-use, 2000 to 2008
  • 156. Russia: Producers of container glass, 2014
  • 157. Ukraine: Production of container glass, 2003 to 2012
  • 158. Iran: Container glass capacity by company, 2014
  • 159. Owens-Illinois: Locations of container glass plants, 2014
  • 160. Saint-Gobain: Locations of container glass plants, 2014
  • 161. Ardagh Group: Locations of container glass plants, 2014
  • 162. World: Market for consumer packaging material, 2010
  • 163. World: Estimated regional proportion of beverage packaging market held by glass, 2010
  • 164. Europe: Use of beverage containers by type 2012
  • 165. World: Production of beer by regions and main countries, 2005 to 2013
  • 166. World: Production of wine by main countries, 2004 to 2013
  • 167. Glass: Advantages and disadvantages of use in packaging
  • 168. World: Consumption of PET by region, 2005 to 2013
  • 169. World: Consumption of PET by end use and region, 2013
  • 170. World: Owens-Illinois: Examples of beer bottles by country, manufacturer, type, capacity and weight, 2014
  • 171. World: Owens-Illinois: Examples of wine bottles by country, manufacturer, type, capacity and weight, 2014
  • 172. World: Market for flat glass by sector, 2003 to 2011
  • 173. World: Main producers of flat glass outside China, 2012
  • 174. Asahi Glass: Location of non-automotive float glass plants, 2014
  • 175. Asahi Glass: Location of automotive float glass plants, 2014
  • 176. NSG Pilkington: Locations of float glass plants, 2014
  • 177. Saint-Gobain Glass: Location of float glass plants, 2014
  • 178. Guardian: Location of float glass plants, 2014
  • 179. Taiwan Glass: Locations of float glass plants, 2014
  • 180. China: Changes in float glass capacity, 2005 to 2013
  • 181. India: Flat glass capacity by company, 2014
  • 182. Indonesia: Flat glass capacity by company, 2014
  • 183. Taiwan: Production of flat glass, 2000 to 2011
  • 184. Russia: Producers of flat glass, 2014
  • 185. Ukraine: Production of container glass, 2003 to 2012
  • 186. Middle East: Flat glass capacity by country and company, 2014
  • 187. South America: Leading flat glass companies by country, 2014
  • 188. Brazil: Production capacity of flat glass by company, 2006 to 2013
  • 189. Africa: Flat glass capacity by country and company, 2014
  • 190. World: Construction of new residential buildings in selected countries, 2004 to 2012
  • 191. World: Construction of new non-residential buildings in selected countries, 2004 to 2012
  • 192. Typical chemical composition of types of textile grade fibreglass
  • 193. EU, Japan, the USA and China: Production of fibreglass, 2000 to 2013
  • 194. Owens Corning: Locations of fibreglass plants, 2014
  • 195. PPG: Location and ownership of fibreglass plants, 2014
  • 196. China: Main producers of fibreglass, 2014
  • 197. World: Estimated production of glass by region and type, 2012
  • 198. World: Estimated consumption of soda ash in glass by region and end use, 2013
  • 199. USA: Consumption of soda ash compared to production of container and flat glass, 1991 to 2008
  • 200. World: Forecast demand for soda ash in glass by region, 2018
  • 201. Japan: Production of sodium silicates, 2008 to 2012
  • 202. World: Estimated sodium silicates production capacity by region, country and company, 2014
  • 203. Main applications of sodium silicates
  • 204. Typical material balance for the hydrogel process
  • 205. Details of speciality silica produced using sodium silicate
  • 206. World: Estimated STPP production capacity by region, country and company, 2014
  • 207. World: Main producers of sodium bicarbonate by process, 2014
  • 208. World: Production capacity of sodium bicarbonate by company, country and plant, 2014
  • 209. World: Production capacity of sodium percarbonate by company, country and plant, 2014
  • 210. World: Leading producers of chromium chemicals, 2014
  • 211. World: Leading producers of sodium dichromate, 2013
  • 212. EU, Norway and Switzerland: Estimated retail market for household and I&I products, 2006 to 2012
  • 213. World: Estimated strontium carbonate capacity by country and company, 2014
  • 214. World: Estimated lithium carbonate capacity by country and company, 2014
  • 215. World: Lithium carbonate expansions and projects by country and company, 2014
  • 216. World: Uranium production by largest mines, 2012
  • 217. Comparison of cost effectiveness of water treatment chemicals, 2013
  • 218. World: Production of unbleached sulphite pulp by country, 2006 to 2012
  • 219. World: Production of bleached sulphite pulp by country, 2005 to 2011
  • 220. World: Estimated sodium exchanged bentonite capacity by country and company, 2014
  • 221. World: Companies producing bromine from seawater, 2014
  • 222. Typical formulations of alkaline cleaning solutions used prior to electroplating different metals
  • 223. USA: Average annual sales value and year end list prices by mine of dense bulk natural soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 224. FMC: Details of energy surcharges
  • 225. FMC: Details of diesel fuel surcharges to soda ash deliveries
  • 226. USA: Unit value of soda ash exports to leading countries of destination, 2004 to 2013
  • 227. Europe: Price of synthetic soda ash, dense and light, large contract, ex-works, 2000 to 2014
  • 228. Europe: Average values of imported soda ash from main countries of origin, 2004 to 2013
  • 229. Non-European countries: Average values of imported soda ash from main countries of destination, 2005 to 2013

Figures Listing

  • 1. World: Consumption of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 2. World: Estimated production of glass by type, 2012
  • 3. China: Production of glass compared to domestic soda ash consumption, 2000 to 2013
  • 4. World: Estimated production of soda ash by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 5. Processing steps in the production of soda ash from trona by the monohydrate and sesquicarbonate processes
  • 6. Flow diagram for the production of soda ash by the Solvay process
  • 7. Flow diagram for the production of soda ash by the Hou process
  • 8. World: Estimated average soda ash cash costs by region/country, 2013
  • 9. China and Europe: Prices for coke and coal, 2000 to 2013
  • 10. China and Europe: Prices for natural gas and heavy fuel oil, 2000 to 2013
  • 11. Western Europe: Estimated energy costs at a 1Mtpy Solvay process plant, 2000 to 2013
  • 12. Western Europe: Estimated average cash costs at a 1Mtpy Solvay process plant, 2000 to 2013
  • 13. China: Estimated cash costs at a Hou process plant, 2000 to 2013
  • 14. China: Estimated average cash costs for a Hou process plant, 2000 to 2013
  • 15. USA: Prices for natural gas and Powder River Basin coal, 2000 to 2013
  • 16. USA: Estimated energy costs at trona processing plants, 2000 to 2013
  • 17. USA: Estimated average cash costs at trona processing plants, 2000 to 2013
  • 18. World: Estimated regional soda ash production capacity, end 2013
  • 19. World: Changes in regional soda ash capacity, 2005 to 2013
  • 20. World: Annual percentage change in production of soda ash and global GDP, 1990 to 2013
  • 21. World: Production of soda ash by region, 2005 to 2013
  • 22. World: Impact of supply from major producing countries to total soda ash production, 2001 to 2013
  • 23. Estimated regional production by leading soda ash companies, 2013
  • 24. World: Estimated production of soda ash by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 25. World: Estimated regional production of soda ash by type, 2013
  • 26. World: Estimated regional soda ash operating rates, 2005 to 2013
  • 27. Argentina: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 28. Australia: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 29. Belgium: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 30. Belgium: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 31. Solvay: Sales of soda ash by end use, 2011
  • 32. Solvay: Sales of soda ash by region, 2011
  • 33. Bosnia & Herzegovina: Exports of soda ash reported by main importing countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 34. Botswana: Production of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 35. Brazil: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 36. Bulgaria: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2005 to 2013
  • 37. Bulgaria: Implied exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 38. China: Production of soda ash by province, 2004 to 2013
  • 39. China: Soda ash capacity by type by province, 2012
  • 40. China: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 41. China & USA: Exports to major markets in south east and east Asia, 2000 to 2013
  • 42. China: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 43. Egypt: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 44. France: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 45. France: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2005 to 2013
  • 46. Germany: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 47. India: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 48. India: Imports of soda ash by grade, 2003 to 2013
  • 49. India: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 50. India: Exports of soda ash by grade, 2003 to 2013
  • 51. Italy: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 52. Japan: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 53. Kazakhstan: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2004 to 2013
  • 54. Kenya: Implied exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 55. Olympia Chemicals: Implied production of soda ash, 2003 to 2012
  • 56. Poland: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 57. Romania: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 58. Russia: Quarterly production of soda ash, 2007 to 2013
  • 59. Russia: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 60. Russia: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 61. Achinsk: Production of soda ash by grade, 2000 to 2009
  • 62. Saudi Arabia: Implied imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 63. Spain: Implied and reported exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 64. Spain: Implied and reported imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 65. Turkey: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 66. Turkey: Implied exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 67. Soda Sanayii: Production of soda ash in Turkey and total sales, 2000 to 2012
  • 68. Ukraine: Exports of soda ash by main countries, 2002 to 2013
  • 69. Ukraine: Production of soda ash by company, 2000 to 2013
  • 70. UK: Implied exports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 71. UK: Imports of soda ash by main countries, 2000 to 2013
  • 72. USA: Production, trade, stocks and apparent consumption of soda ash, 1970 to 2013
  • 73. USA: Exports of soda ash by region, 2000 to 2013
  • 74. USA: Wyoming: Production of trona by company, 2000 to 2013
  • 75. USA: Tata Chemicals North America: Production of trona, 2000 to 2013
  • 76. World: Exports of soda ash by main producing region, 2004 and 2013
  • 77. World: Reported imports of soda ash by region, 2004 and 2013
  • 78. Europe: Imports of soda ash from the USA compared to value of Euro against US$, 2000 to 2013
  • 79. China: Exports of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 80. USA: Average value of soda ash exports by main ports, 2000 to 2012
  • 81. USA: Average premium of soda ash exports by main ports, 2000 to 2012
  • 82. USA and China: Average shipping costs, 2003 to 2013
  • 83. Major deep sea exporting countries: Estimated average production and transportation costs, 2013
  • 84. World: Consumption of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 85. World: Consumption of soda ash by region, 2004 to 2013
  • 86. East Asia: Apparent consumption of soda ash, 2004 to 2013
  • 87. China: Reported consumption of soda ash, 1990 to 2013
  • 88. USA: Reported and apparent consumption of soda ash, 1990 to 2013
  • 89. USA: Reported consumption of soda ash by end use, 1990 to 2012
  • 90. CIS: Apparent consumption of soda ash by country, 2004 to 2013
  • 91. World: Estimated consumption of soda ash by region and end use, 2013
  • 92. World: Annual change in GDP constant prices, 2000 to 2013
  • 93. China: Production of glass by type compared to soda ash output in main regions, 2011
  • 94. EU: Production of glass by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 95. World: Estimated production of container glass by region, 2012
  • 96. Japan: Shipments of glass bottles by type, 2002 and 2013
  • 97. Europe: Container glass recycling rates by country, 2012
  • 98. Japan: Recycling of containers and packaging by type, 2000 to 2012
  • 99. Japan: Production of container glass compared to recycled glass used, 2000 to 2013
  • 100. World: Global aluminium beverage can collection rate, 2009
  • 101. World: Average regional per capita consumption of beverages, 2010
  • 102. World: Production of beer, wine and container glass and annual change in GDP, 2000 to 2017
  • 103. World: Production of flat glass by region, 2000 to 2012
  • 104. China: Production of flat glass by main provinces, 2013
  • 105. China: Float glass capacity by region, 2006 to 2013
  • 106. World: Consumption of float and sheet glass by country and region, 2011
  • 107. World: Per capita consumption of float and sheet glass by country and region, 2011
  • 108. China: Floor space of buildings under construction and completed, 2000 to 2012
  • 109. USA: Housing units starts, 2001 to 2013
  • 110. World: Production of motor vehicles by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 111. World: Production of motor vehicles (2013) and average growth (2000 to 2013)
  • 112. World: Growth in GDP compared to construction, automotive and flat glass production, 2000 to 2018
  • 113. China: Production of glass tableware by main provinces, 2011
  • 114. USA: Shipments of glassware, 1994 to 2008
  • 115. World: Forecast shipments of TVs by technology, 2007 to 2016
  • 116. USA: Consumption of soda ash in glass by type, 1995 to 2012
  • 117. Production of sodium silicates by the furnace process
  • 118. Flow diagram for the production of sodium bicarbonate
  • 119. World: Estimated regional sodium bicarbonate capacity based on soda ash, 2014
  • 120. Production process for caustic soda using soda ash
  • 121. World: Estimated consumption of soda ash in chemicals by region, 2013
  • 122. USA: Consumption of soda ash in chemicals, 1970 to 2012
  • 123. USA: Consumption of soda ash in soaps and detergents, 1980 to 2012
  • 124. World: Production of refined lead by region, 2003 to 2012
  • 125. World: Production of secondary lead by region, 2003 to 2012
  • 126. China: Production of bauxite, smelter grade alumina and imports of bauxite, 2000 to 2013
  • 127. USA: Consumption of soda ash water treatment, 1970 to 2012
  • 128. USA: Consumption of soda ash in flue gas desulphurisation, 1984 to 2012
  • 129. World: Regional sulphite pulp production by type, 2006 to 2012
  • 130. USA: Consumption of soda ash in pulp and paper, 1970 to 2012
  • 131. USA: High, low and mid point price of natural soda ash, large contract, FOB Wyoming, 1995 to 2014
  • 132. USA: Average annual value and year end list prices by mine of dense natural soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 133. USA: Average annual prices of soda ash compared to production costs and energy prices, 2000 to 2013
  • 134. Europe: Price of synthetic soda ash, dense and light, large contract, ex-works, 1999 to 2014
  • 135. Europe: Prices of soda ash compared to estimated production costs and energy prices, 2000 to 2013
  • 136. China: Price of synthetic soda ash, dense and light, FOB China, 2002 to 2014
  • 137. China: Price of synthetic soda ash, dense and light, CIF Far East, 2002 to 2014
  • 138. India: Price of synthetic soda ash, dense and light, domestic ex-works India, 2002 to 2014
  • 139. India: Price of synthetic soda ash, dense and light, export C&F India, 2002 to 2014
  • 140. USA, Europe, China and India: Comparison of published end of year high point price of soda ash, 2000 to 2013
  • 141. World: Forecast crude oil prices, 2010 to 2018
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