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ニッケル:市場の見通し

Nickel: Market Outlook to 2018, 13th Edition 2014

発行 Roskill Information Services 商品コード 113248
出版日 ページ情報 英文 366 Pages, 202 Tables and 147 Figures
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1GBP=147.80円で換算しております。
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ニッケル:市場の見通し Nickel: Market Outlook to 2018, 13th Edition 2014
出版日: 2014年01月02日 ページ情報: 英文 366 Pages, 202 Tables and 147 Figures
概要

2014年はニッケル市場にとって、2013年7月に価格が1トンあたり1万4千米ドル以下に下がった産業の活力が回復するターニングポイントとなるでしょう。2013年後期に価格の下降傾向が好転し、マクロ経済指標および成長予測はより楽観的になると予測されています。

当レポートでは、ニッケル市場の全体的動向と需給動向、生産コスト、最終用途での消費動向、対外貿易、ニッケル価格動向、国別の生産・加工の詳細調査、および生産・加工業者の最新プロファイルなどを提供しており、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 ニッケルの歴史・発生・埋蔵量

  • 歴史
  • 特徴
  • 発生
  • 埋蔵量・資源

第3章 ニッケルの採掘・加工・精製

  • 採掘
  • 加工
  • ニッケル製品

第4章 世界の生産

  • 鉱石・濃縮物の生産
  • 加工ニッケルの生産

第5章 ニッケル生産・加工諸国の国別レビュー

第6章 生産コスト

  • 資本支出
  • 運営コスト
  • NPI生産コスト
  • インセンティブ価格
  • コストを下回る価格での生産

第7章 世界の消費量

  • 1次ニッケルの消費:国・地域別
  • 消費:ニッケル製品別

第8章 ニッケルの1次利用者・最終利用者

  • ステンレス・耐熱スチールにおけるニッケルの利用
  • ニッケル合金におけるニッケルの利用
  • めっきにおけるニッケルの利用
  • その他の合金スチールにおけるニッケルの利用
  • 鋳造所におけるニッケルの利用
  • 電池におけるニッケルの利用
  • 触媒におけるニッケルの利用
  • その他の化学アプリケーションにおけるニッケルの利用
  • 貨幣鋳造におけるニッケルの利用
  • その他の利用

第9章 ニッケルの海外貿易

  • ニッケル鉱石・濃縮物の貿易
  • 中間物の貿易
  • フェロニッケルの貿易
  • 合金以外の、未加工ニッケル金属の貿易
  • ニッケル粉末・ニッケル片の貿易
  • ニッケル化学製品の貿易

第10章 2次ニッケルの利用

  • スクラップ金属の供給
  • コストメリット
  • スクラップにおけるニッケルの消費
  • スクラップ金属における貿易
  • スクラップ金属の価格
  • スクラップ利用の展望

第11章 需給の見通し

  • 需要展望
  • 供給展望
  • 需給バランス

第12章 ニッケルのストック・価格

  • 歴史的動向
  • ニッケルストック
  • LME価格プレミアム
  • 中国の国内価格
  • 価格展望

図表

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: ISBN 978 0 86214 603 0

Are you facing big decisions involving nickel?

The market for nickel is global, and local events can make waves across the world. If you're involved with nickel in any way, you know that everything's important - both the small details and the big picture. A complete perspective is essential, whether you're preparing a company strategy, bringing product to market, buying, selling or investing.

Make the right choice

Whatever your challenge, this report gives you deep insights to help you make well-informed recommendations or decisions. It's a detailed account of:

  • World production and consumption
  • End-use market applications
  • Demand projections
  • International trade patterns
  • The operations of the major producers
  • Potential new and expansion projects

Is this report for you?

Our clients include anyone with an interest in the evolving nickel market, anywhere in the world. Readers of past reports have come from a wide range of relevant industries - from extraction to end-use, from raw material producers to consumers to banks, from existing players to new entrants. And they range from analysts and researchers to operational managers and chief executives.

Get accurate answers from independent experts

  • 1. How have production costs of NPI been affected by EAF and RKEF technology?
  • 2. Which producers of stainless steel will benefit from forecast 4.5%py growth in demand?
  • 3. What are the implications of an Indonesian export ban, on the price and tradability of NPI?
  • 4. What is the outlook for nickel demand in non-stainless first uses?
  • 5. How will rising recycling rates impact scrap usage in China and elsewhere?
  • 6. What nickel price is required to incentivise investments in Class I, FeNi and NPI projects?

Why readers choose Roskill

  • We're approachable. Our sources include a large network of industry contacts: the key players talk to us because we're approachable and because they know us well.
  • We're independent. The information and insights in "Nickel: Market Outlook to 2018" are completely independent. We're privately owned and not beholden to anyone. Our expert researchers make a thorough and objective analysis of all available data, from sources across the globe.
  • We're expert. You want facts from people who know what they're talking about. Roskill's experts have been analysing the nickel industry for over 40 years and this is our 13th report on this sector.

This report gives you a full analysis of the key trends, issues and developments in the market, a clear insight into all areas of the industry and an authoritative analysis of its prospects.

Approachable. Independent. Expert.

That's why no other report can match the accuracy, depth and expertise of "Nickel: Market Outlook to 2018".

What else can we do for you?

We also offer expert bespoke consultancy to help you tackle specific complex challenges, such as feasibility studies, market assessments or due diligence reports.

Overview

For the nickel market, 2014 may prove to be a turning point when vitality is restored to an industry that saw prices dip below US$14,000/t in July 2013. At this level, not seen since 2009, an estimated 30% of operations were believed to be unprofitable, as demonstrated by numerous suspensions and closures in Australia and at other high-cost operations. As PMI indices, macroeconomic indicators and growth forecasts turned more optimistic, downward price trends reversed in the second half of 2013 - a reversal that is expected to be sustained .

In China, rotary kiln electric furnace (RKEF) technology has lowered NPI production costs by around 25%, but also serves to increase demand for high-grade nickel ore, sourced mostly from Indonesia. Following the ban in Indonesia on raw material exports, prices in the middle of January experienced a rally. However, stockpiles of lateritic ore in Chinese ports, combined with stocks held in producer, consumer and LME warehouses provide partial insulation from this supply shock. Furthermore, nickel supplies are relatively price-elastic, with increases in price expected to result in increased output from operations that for much of 2013 operated under marginal conditions .

With legislative and presidential elections planned later in 2014, further changes to the Indonesian nickel ban appear likely. Nonetheless, the apparent resolve of the Indonesian government will pro-vide an incentive for the ongoing construction of Chinese-owned NPI smelter projects, although these are unlikely to be completed before 2015. Lack of access to reliable power supplies may delay the completion of RKEF plants and, in the short term, may limit NPI production in Indonesia to plants based on outdated blast furnace technology. At the same time, <Qb>a gradual displacement of NPI production from China to Indonesia opens up the possibility of Indonesian exports of NPI to non-Chinese stainless mills.

Outside China, operations such as Ambatovy, Goro, Koniambo and others are ramping up to full production, potentially adding around 100kt of output in 2014, and an additional 70-80kt in 2015. The nickel market is expected to remain in surplus throughout most of the outlook period, but as primary nickel use is expected to grow at 3.9%py to 2018, supply and demand are expected to reach approximate balance towards 2017/18. Investment in expansion of capacity will be required to supply the market beyond this point; this is forecast to drive a recovery in prices and premiums to levels explained in detail in Roskill's latest Nickel Market Outlook report.

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Table of Contents

1 Executive summary

  • 1.1 World consumption of nickel
  • 1.2 First-uses and end-uses of nickel
  • 1.3 Supply of nickel
  • 1.4 Prices and stocks
  • 1.5 Market outlook

2 History, properties, occurrence and resources of nickel

  • 2.1 History
  • 2.2 Properties
    • 2.2.1 Health and environmental issues
  • 2.3 Occurrence
    • 2.3.1 Sulphide ores
    • 2.3.2 Lateritic ores
  • 2.4 Reserves and resources
    • 2.4.1 World reserves
    • 2.4.2 World resources

3 Mining, processing and refining of nickel

  • 3.1 Mining
    • 3.1.1 Mining of sulphide ores
    • 3.1.2 Mining of laterite ores
  • 3.2 Processing
    • 3.2.1 Pyrometallurgical processing
      • 3.2.1.1 Pyrometallurgical processing of sulphide concentrates
      • 3.2.1.2 Pyrometallurgical processing of laterite ores
    • 3.2.2 Hydrometallurgical processing
      • 3.2.2.1 Hydrometallurgical processing of sulphide concentrates
      • 3.2.2.2 Hydrometallurgical processing of laterite ores
      • 3.2.2.3 Hydrometallurgical matte refining
    • 3.2.3 Nickel pig iron (NPI)
  • 3.3 Nickel products

4 World production

  • 4.1 Production of ores and concentrates
    • 4.1.1 Breakdown by company and operation
  • 4.2 Production of processed nickel
    • 4.2.1 Production of intermediate products for external sale
    • 4.2.2 Production of refined nickel
    • 4.2.3 Production of NPI
    • 4.2.4 Breakdown by company and operation
    • 4.2.5 Production of nickel chemicals

5 Review of nickel producing and processing countries

  • 5.1 Albania
    • 5.1.1 Kokogllave-Devolli project
  • 5.2 Argentina
  • 5.3 Australia
    • 5.3.1 Producers
      • 5.3.1.1 BHP Billiton (BHPB)
      • 5.3.1.2 First Quantum Minerals (FQM)
      • 5.3.1.3 Glencore Xstrata
      • 5.3.1.4 Independence Group
      • 5.3.1.5 Mincor Resources
      • 5.3.1.6 Norilsk Nickel
      • 5.3.1.7 Panoramic Resources
      • 5.3.1.8 Queensland Nickel
      • 5.3.1.9 Western Areas
    • 5.3.2 Potential producers
      • 5.3.2.1 Australasian Resources
      • 5.3.2.2 Australian Mines
      • 5.3.2.3 Barra Resources and Conico
      • 5.3.2.4 China Minmetals
      • 5.3.2.5 Fox Resources
      • 5.3.2.6 Gladstone Pacific Nickel (GPNL)
      • 5.3.2.7 GME Resources
      • 5.3.2.8 Heron Resources
      • 5.3.2.9 Jervois Mining
      • 5.3.2.10 Metals Finance
      • 5.3.2.11 Metallica Minerals
      • 5.3.2.12 Metals X
      • 5.3.2.13 Minmetals Resources
      • 5.3.2.14 Pioneer Resources
      • 5.3.2.15 Poseidon Nickel
      • 5.3.2.16 Sirius Resources
      • 5.3.2.17 South Boulder Mines
      • 5.3.2.18 Others
  • 5.4 Austria
  • 5.5 Belgium
  • 5.6 Botswana
    • 5.6.1 Producers
      • 5.6.1.1 Bamangwato Concessions (BCL)
      • 5.6.1.2 Tati Nickel Mining
    • 5.6.2 Potential producers
      • 5.6.2.1 Japan Oil Gas Metals & Energy (JOGMEG)
      • 5.6.2.2 Xade Project
    • 5.7 Brazil
    • 5.7.1 Producers
      • 5.7.1.1 Anglo American
      • 5.7.1.2 Mirabela Nickel
      • 5.7.1.3 Promet?lica Mining
      • 5.7.1.4 Vale
      • 5.7.1.5 Votorantim Group
    • 5.7.2 Potential producers
      • 5.7.2.1 Glencore Xstrata
      • 5.7.2.2 Horizonte Minerals
  • 5.8 Burkina Faso
  • 5.9 Burundi
    • 5.9.1 Musongati deposit
    • 5.9.2 Muremera nickel deposit
  • 5.10 Cameroon
  • 5.11 Canada
    • 5.11.1 Producers
      • 5.11.1.1 Canadian Royalties
      • 5.11.1.2 CaNickel Mining
      • 5.11.1.3 First Nickel
      • 5.11.1.4 KGHM International
      • 5.11.1.5 Liberty Mines
      • 5.11.1.6 North American Palladium
      • 5.11.1.7 Sherritt International
      • 5.11.1.8 Vale
      • 5.11.1.9 Glencore Xstrata
    • 5.11.2 Potential producers
      • 5.11.2.1 Canadian Arrow Mines
      • 5.11.2.2 Landore Resources
      • 5.11.2.3 Mustang Minerals
      • 5.11.2.4 Noront Resources
      • 5.11.2.5 Victory Nickel
      • 5.11.2.6 Starfield Resources
      • 5.11.2.7 Strongbow Exploration
      • 5.11.2.8 Prophecy Platinum
      • 5.11.2.9 Royal Nickel
      • 5.11.2.10 Other
  • 5.12 China
    • 5.12.1 Mine production
    • 5.12.2 Class I nickel production
      • 5.12.2.1 Guangxi Yinyi Technological Mining & Metallurgy
      • 5.12.2.2 Huanghe Mining
      • 5.12.2.3 Inner Mongolia Judexin
      • 5.12.2.4 Jiangxi Ganfeng Lithium
      • 5.12.2.5 Jiangxi Jiangli Sci-Tech
      • 5.12.2.6 Jiangxi Tungsten Holding Group (JXTC)
      • 5.12.2.7 Jilin Jien Nickel Industry
      • 5.12.2.8 Jinchuan Non-Ferrous Metals (JNMC)
      • 5.12.2.9 Lala operation
      • 5.12.2.10 Metallurgical Corporation of China (MCC)
      • 5.12.2.11 Shaanxi Huaze Nickel and Cobalt Metal
      • 5.12.2.12 Vale Dalian
      • 5.12.2.13 Yuanjiang Nickel
      • 5.12.2.14 Xinjiang Xinxin Mining Industry
      • 5.12.2.15 Zhejiang Galico Cobalt & Nickel Material
      • 5.12.2.16 Zhejiang Lanbo Metal Technology
    • 5.12.3 NPI production
      • 5.12.3.1 Anhui Province
      • 5.12.3.2 Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces
      • 5.12.3.3 Fujian Province
      • 5.12.3.4 Henan Province
      • 5.12.3.5 Hebei Province
      • 5.12.3.6 Hubei Province
      • 5.12.3.7 Inner Mongolia
      • 5.12.3.8 Jiangsu Province
      • 5.12.3.9 Liaoning and Jilin Provinces
      • 5.12.3.10 Ningxia Province
      • 5.12.3.11 Shaanxi Province
      • 5.12.3.12 Shandong Province
      • 5.12.3.13 Zhejiang Province
      • 5.12.3.14 Others
  • 5.13 Colombia
    • 5.13.1 Cerro Matoso (CMSA)
  • 5.14 Cuba
    • 5.14.1 Producers
      • 5.14.1.1 Cubaniquel
      • 5.14.1.2 Moa Bay
    • 5.14.2 Potential producers
      • 5.14.2.1 Las Camariocas
      • 5.14.2.2 Others
  • 5.15 Dominican Republic
  • 5.16 Finland
    • 5.16.1 Producers
      • 5.16.1.1 Belvedere Resources
      • 5.16.1.2 Boliden Harjavalta
      • 5.16.1.3 Norilsk Nickel Finland
      • 5.16.1.4 Talvivaara Mining
      • 5.16.1.5 First Quantum Minerals (FQM)
    • 5.16.2 Potential producers in Finland
      • 5.16.2.1 Magnus Minerals / Western Areas
      • 5.16.2.2 Altona Mining
  • 5.17 France
  • 5.18 Germany
    • 5.18.1 Producers of nickel in France
    • 5.18.1.1 Eramet
  • 5.19 Greece
  • 5.20 Greenland
  • 5.21 Guatemala
    • 5.21.1 Solway Group
    • 5.21.2 Anfield Nickel
    • 5.21.3 Cunico Resources
  • 5.22 India
  • 5.23 Indonesia
    • 5.23.1 Export ban
    • 5.23.2 Producers
      • 5.23.2.1 PT Antam
      • 5.23.2.2 PT Indoferro
      • 5.23.2.3 PT Stargate Pasific Resources
      • 5.23.2.4 Vale Indonesia
      • 5.23.2.5 Other producers
    • 5.23.3 Potential producers
      • 5.23.3.1 Rio Tinto and Sherritt International
      • 5.23.3.2 Solway Group
      • 5.23.3.3 Sulawesi Mining Investment (SMI)
      • 5.23.3.4 Weda Bay
  • 5.24 Italy
  • 5.25 Ivory Coast
  • 5.26 Japan
    • 5.26.1 Pacific Metals
    • 5.26.2 Sumitomo Metal Mining
    • 5.26.3 Vale Japan
    • 5.26.4 Nippon Yakin Kogyo
  • 5.27 Kazakhstan
  • 5.28 Kosovo and Macedonia
  • 5.29 Madagascar
    • 5.29.1 Ambatovy
    • 5.29.2 Exploration projects
  • 5.30 Morocco
  • 5.31 Myanmar
  • 5.32 New Caledonia
    • 5.32.1 Producers
      • 5.32.1.1 Soci?t? Le Nickel (SLN)
      • 5.32.1.2 Vale Nouvelle Cal?donie (VNC)
      • 5.32.1.3 SMSP and Glencore Xstrata
      • 5.32.1.4 Other nickel producers in New Caledonia
    • 5.32.2 Potential producers
    • 5.32.2.1 Argosy Minerals
  • 5.33 Norway
    • 5.33.1 Producers of nickel in Norway
      • 5.33.1.1 Titania
      • 5.33.1.2 Glencore Xstrata
    • 5.33.2 Potential nickel producers in Norway
      • 5.33.2.1 First Point Minerals
      • 5.33.2.2 Drake Resources
      • 5.33.2.3 Blackstone Ventures
  • 5.34 Papua New Guinea
    • 5.34.1.1 Ramu NiCo Management
    • 5.34.1.2 Oro Nickel
  • 5.35 Philippines
    • 5.35.1 Producers
      • 5.35.1.1 Adnama Mining Resources
      • 5.35.1.2 Benguet Mining
      • 5.35.1.3 Carrascal Nickel
      • 5.35.1.4 Citinickel
      • 5.35.1.5 CTP Construction and Mining
      • 5.35.1.6 DMCI
      • 5.35.1.7 Eramen Minerals
      • 5.35.1.8 LNL Archipelago Minerals and Filipinas Mining
      • 5.35.1.9 Nickel Asia Corporation (NAC)
      • 5.35.1.10 Pacific Nickel Philippines / Shuley Mine
      • 5.35.1.11 Platinum Group Metals Corporation (PGMC)
      • 5.35.1.12 SR Metals
      • 5.35.1.13 Sumitomo Metal Mining
      • 5.35.1.14 Toledo Mining
      • 5.35.1.15 Other producers
    • 5.35.2 Potential nickel producers in the Philippines
      • 5.35.2.1 Century Peak Metals
      • 5.35.2.2 ENK
      • 5.35.2.3 Intex Resources
      • 5.35.2.4 Mindoro Resources
      • 5.35.2.5 Pujada Nickel Project
      • 5.35.2.6 Sinosteel Philippines H.Y. Mining
  • 5.36 Poland
  • 5.37 Russia
    • 5.37.1 Producers of nickel in Russia
      • 5.37.1.1 Norilsk Nickel
      • 5.37.1.2 Industrial Metallurgical Holding (IMH)
      • 5.37.1.3 Yuzhuralnickel (South Urals Nickel Company)
    • 5.37.2 Potential nickel producers in Russia
      • 5.37.2.1 Amur Minerals
  • 5.38 South Africa
    • 5.38.1 Producers of nickel in South Africa
      • 5.38.1.1 Anglo Platinum
      • 5.38.1.2 Impala Platinum
      • 5.38.1.3 Lonmin
      • 5.38.1.4 African Rainbow Minerals (ARM)
      • 5.38.1.5 Northam Platinum
      • 5.38.1.6 Other producers
    • 5.38.2 Potential nickel producers in South Africa
      • 5.38.2.1 Ivanhoe Mines
      • 5.38.2.2 Sheba's Ridge
      • 5.38.2.3 Southern Africa Nickel (SAN)
  • 5.39 Spain
  • 5.40 South Korea
    • 5.40.1 Producers of nickel in South Korea
      • 5.40.1.1 Korea Nickel
      • 5.40.1.2 Soci?t? du Nickel de Nouvelle-Cal?donie et Cor?e
      • 5.40.1.3 Korea Resources (KORES)
  • 5.41 Sweden
  • 5.42 Taiwan
  • 5.43 Tanzania
    • 5.43.1 Potential nickel producers in Tanzania
      • 5.43.1.1 Glencore Xstrata
      • 5.43.1.2 IMX Resources
      • 5.43.1.3 African Eagle Resources Plc
      • 5.43.1.4 Others
  • 5.44 Turkey
    • 5.44.1 Producers of nickel in Turkey
    • 5.44.2 Potential producers of nickel in Turkey
  • 5.45 Ukraine
  • 5.46 UK
    • 5.46.1 Producers of nickel in the UK
      • 5.46.1.1 Vale
    • 5.46.2 Potential nickel producers in the UK
      • 5.46.2.1 Alba Mineral Resources
  • 5.47 USA
    • 5.47.1 Potential nickel producers in the USA
      • 5.47.1.1 Lundin Mining
      • 5.47.1.2 PolyMet Mining
      • 5.47.1.3 Twin Metals
  • 5.48 Venezuela
  • 5.49 Vietnam
  • 5.50 Zambia
  • 5.51 Zimbabwe
    • 5.51.1 Producers of nickel in Zimbabwe
      • 5.51.1.1 Anglo Platinum
      • 5.51.1.2 Bindura Nickel (BNC)
      • 5.51.1.3 Rio Tinto Zimbabwe
      • 5.51.1.4 Impala Platinum (Implats)

6 Production costs

  • 6.1 Capital expenditure
  • 6.2 Operating costs
    • 6.2.1 Regional variations in cost
    • 6.2.2 Breakdown by cost components
    • 6.2.3 Costs of individual operations
    • 6.2.4 Aggregate industry cost curves
  • 6.3 NPI production costs
  • 6.4 Incentive prices
    • 6.4.1 Capital costs
    • 6.4.2 Project stage
  • 6.5 Production at prices below cost
    • 6.5.1 Profitless production in China
    • 6.5.2 Economic rationale
    • 6.5.3 Short and long term implications

7 World consumption

  • 7.1 Consumption of primary nickel by country and region
  • 7.2 Consumption by nickel product

8 First and end-uses for nickel

  • 8.1 Use of nickel in stainless and heat-resistant steels
    • 8.1.1 Grades of stainless steel
      • 8.1.1.1 Nickel-containing stainless steel
      • 8.1.1.2 Other stainless steels
    • 8.1.2 Forms of nickel used in stainless steel
    • 8.1.3 End-uses for stainless steel
    • 8.1.4 Production of stainless steel
      • 8.1.4.1 Production trends
      • 8.1.4.2 Stainless steel capacity
      • 8.1.4.3 Profitability
    • 8.1.5 Consumption of stainless steel
    • 8.1.6 Trade in stainless steel
    • 8.1.7 Outlook
      • 8.1.7.1 Consumption of stainless steel to 2018
      • 8.1.7.2 Production of stainless steel to 2018
      • 8.1.7.3 Nickel consumption in stainless steel
  • 8.2 Use of nickel in nickel alloys
    • 8.2.1 High-performance alloys (HPAs)
      • 8.2.1.1 Superalloys
      • 8.2.1.2 Consumption of HPAs
      • 8.2.1.3 Substitution
      • 8.2.1.4 Recycling of HPAs
    • 8.2.2 Special performance alloys (SPAs)
    • 8.2.3 General technical alloys (GTAs)
    • 8.2.4 Outlook for nickel in nickel alloys
  • 8.3 Use of nickel in plating
    • 8.3.1 Types of plating
    • 8.3.2 Applications of industrial nickel plating and coating
    • 8.3.3 Outlook for nickel in plating
  • 8.4 Use of nickel in other alloy steels
    • 8.4.1 Outlook for nickel in other alloy steels
  • 8.5 Use of nickel in foundries
    • 8.5.1 Outlook
  • 8.6 Use of nickel in batteries
    • 8.6.1 Types of nickel-containing batteries
    • 8.6.2 Battery production
    • 8.6.3 Outlook
      • 8.6.3.1 Outlook for batteries
  • 8.7 Use of nickel in catalysts
  • 8.8 Use of nickel in other chemical applications
    • 8.8.1 Markets for nickel in chemical applications
    • 8.8.2 Outlook
  • 8.9 Use of nickel in coinage
  • 8.10 Other uses

9 International trade in nickel

  • 9.1 Trade in nickel ores and concentrates
    • 9.1.1 Exports of nickel ores and concentrates
    • 9.1.2 Imports of nickel ore and concentrates
  • 9.2 Trade in intermediates
    • 9.2.1 Exports of nickel matte
    • 9.2.2 Imports of nickel matte
    • 9.2.3 Exports of nickel sinter and other intermediates
    • 9.2.4 Imports of nickel sinter and other intermediates
  • 9.3 Trade in ferro-nickel
    • 9.3.1 Exports of ferro-nickel
    • 9.3.2 Imports of ferro-nickel
  • 9.4 Trade in unwrought nickel metal, not alloyed
    • 9.4.1 Exports of unwrought nickel metal, not alloyed
    • 9.4.2 Imports of unwrought nickel metal, not alloyed
  • 9.5 Trade in nickel powder and flakes
    • 9.5.1 Exports of powder and flakes
    • 9.5.2 Imports of powder and flakes
  • 9.6 Trade in nickel chemicals
    • 9.6.1 Trade in nickel sulphate
    • 9.6.2 Trade in nickel oxides and hydroxide
    • 9.6.3 Trade in nickel chloride

10 Secondary nickel use

  • 10.1 Supply of scrap metal
    • 10.1.1 Stainless steel scrap
    • 10.1.2 Recycling of nickel alloys
  • 10.2 Cost advantage
  • 10.3 Consumption of nickel in scrap
  • 10.4 Trade in scrap metal
    • 10.4.1 Exports of stainless steel waste and scrap
    • 10.4.2 Imports of stainless steel waste and scrap
    • 10.4.3 Exports of nickel waste and scrap
    • 10.4.4 Imports of nickel waste and scrap
  • 10.5 Prices of scrap metal
  • 10.6 Outlook for scrap use

11 Supply and demand outlook

  • 11.1 Demand outlook
  • 11.2 Supply outlook
    • 11.2.1 Baseline capacity
    • 11.2.2 Brownfield and greenfield projects
    • 11.2.3 Suspensions and closures
    • 11.2.4 Operations in ramp-up stage
    • 11.2.5 Outlook
  • 11.3 Supply/demand balance

12 Stocks and prices

  • 12.1 Historical trends
  • 12.2 Nickel stocks
  • 12.3 LME price premiums
    • 12.3.1 Nickel cathode and briquettes
    • 12.3.2 Melting and plating grade
  • 12.4 Chinese domestic prices
    • 12.4.1 Lateritic ore
    • 12.4.2 NPI and nickel cathode
  • 12.5 Outlook for prices
    • 12.5.1 Price premiums

Tables Listing

  • 1 Selected properties of nickel
  • 2 Nickel-containing minerals
  • 3 World: Estimated nickel reserves, January 2013
  • 4 Composition of MSP from laterite leach plants
  • 5 Typical Composition of MHP from Ravensthorpe
  • 6 Composition of electrolytic nickel cathode produced by Norilsk Nickel
  • 7 Composition of nickel briquettes produced by Norilsk Nickel and Sherritt International,
  • 8 Composition of ferro-nickel,
  • 9 Specifications of ferro-nickel,
  • 10 Composition of nickel sulphate crystal produced by Jilin Jien and Hebei Kingway Chemical Industry
  • 11 Comparison of data sources on nickel mine production, 2005-2013
  • 12 World: Nickel mine production, 2005-2013
  • 13 World: Details of known mining operations, 2011 and 2012
  • 14 World: Production of intermediates for external sale, 2005-2013
  • 15 World: Production of refined nickel, 2005-2013
  • 16 World: Details of known producers of intermediate and refined nickel, 2011 and 2012
  • 17 World: Main producers of nickel chemicals
  • 18 Albania: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 19 Australia: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 20 Australia: BHPB quarterly nickel production, FY2012 and FY2013
  • 21 Australia and Colombia: BHPB nickel production, FY2010-2013
  • 22 Australia: BHPB nickel resources, as at 30th June 2013
  • 23 Australia: BHPB nickel reserves, as at 30th June 2013
  • 24 Australia: FQM quarterly nickel production, FY2012 and FY2013
  • 25 Australia: Glencore Xstrata nickel production, 2008-2012
  • 26 Australia: Glencore Xstrata nickel resources, as at 31st December 2012
  • 27 Australia: Glencore Xstrata nickel reserves, as at 31st December 2012
  • 28 Australia: Independence Group quarterly nickel production, FY2012-2013
  • 29 Australia: Mincor quarterly nickel production, FY2012 and FY2013
  • 30 Australia: Norilsk Nickel quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 31 Australia: Norilsk Nickel resources and reserves, as at 31st December 2009
  • 32 Australia: Panoramic Resources quarterly nickel production, FY2012 and FY2013
  • 33 Australia: Western Areas quarterly nickel production, FY2012 and FY2013
  • 34 Australia: Poseidon Nickel resources
  • 35 Belgium: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 36 Botswana: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 37 Botswana: Tati Nickel Mining quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 38 Brazil: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 39 Brazil: Anglo American nickel production, 2004-2012
  • 40 Brazil: Anglo American quarterly nickel in ferro-nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 41 Brazil: Anglo American measured and indicated resources
  • 42 Brazil: Mirabela quarterly metal-in-concentrate production, 2011-2013
  • 43 Brazil: Vale proven and probable reserves
  • 44 Brazil: Votorantim nickel sales, 2004-2012
  • 45 Brazil: Votorantim Group quarterly nickel sales, 2011-2013
  • 46 Cameroon: Nkamouna project reserves and resources
  • 47 Canada: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 48 Canada: KGHM International quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 49 Canada: North American Palladium: Operating results, 2004-2012
  • 50 Sherritt International quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 51 Canada: VNC quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 52 Canada: Vale ore production, 2010-2012
  • 53 Canada: Vale proven and probable reserves
  • 54 Canada: Glencore Xstrata nickel production, 2004-2012
  • 55 Canada: Glencore Xstrata resources
  • 56 Canada: Victory Nickel resources
  • 57 China: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 58 China: Main producers of mined nickel
  • 59 China: Main producers of Class I nickel products
  • 60 China: Main Class I nickel projects
  • 61 China: JNMC nickel production, 2001-2013
  • 62 China: JNMC nickel production by product, 2012-2013
  • 63 China: Xinjiang Xinxin resources and reserves
  • 64 China: Selected RKEF projects, 2013
  • 65 Colombia: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 66 Colombia: Cerro Matoso quarterly ferro-nickel production and sales, 2011-2013
  • 67 Colombia: Cerro Matoso resources and reserves
  • 68 Cuba: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 69 Moa Bay quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 70 Dominican Republic: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 71 Dominican Republic: Falcondo quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 72 Finland: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 73 Finland: Belvedere Resources quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 74 Finland: Boliden Harjavalta nickel concentrate processing, 2011-2013
  • 75 Finland: Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 76 Finland: Talvivaara quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 77 Finland: Talvivaara mine resources and reserves
  • 78 Finland: FQM quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 79 Finland: Altona Mining measured and indicated resources
  • 80 France: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 81 Germany: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 82 Greece: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 83 India: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 84 Indonesia: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 85 Indonesia: Antam: Nickel production, 2004-2012
  • 86 Indonesia: Antam quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 87 Indonesia: Antam resources (kwmt)
  • 88 Indonesia: Vale Indonesia nickel matte activities, 2004-2008
  • 89 Indonesia: Vale quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 90 Indonesia: Vale Indonesia nickel reserves and resources, 2011
  • 91 Indonesia: Possible nickel projects
  • 92 Indonesia: Weda Bay resources
  • 93 Italy: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 94 Japan: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 95 Japan: Annual production by Sumitomo Metal Mining, 2008-2012
  • 96 Kazakhstan: Nickel consumption and trade, 2005-2013
  • 97 Kosovo and Macedonia: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 98 Sherritt International quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 99 New Caledonia: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 100 New Caledonia: SLN quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 101 New Caledonia: SLN resources and reserves
  • 102 New Caledonia: VNC quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 103 Norway: Nickel production and trade, 2005-2013
  • 104 Norway: Nikkelverk quarterly production of refined nickel, 2011-2013
  • 105 Philippines: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 106 Philippines: Producers of nickel, H1 2012 and H1 2013
  • 107 Philippines: NAC nickel ore production, 2009-2012
  • 108 Philippines: NAC quarterly nickel shipments, 2011-2013
  • 109 Philippines: NAC measured and indicated resources
  • 110 Philippines: Toledo Mining resources
  • 111 Poland: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 112 Russia: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 113 Russia: Norilsk Nickel production of nickel and copper, 2004-2012
  • 114 Russia: Norilsk Nickel quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 115 Russia: Norilsk Nickel Polar Division mining assets
  • 116 Russia: Norilsk Nickel MMC Kola mining assets
  • 117 Russia: Norilsk Nickel reserves
  • 118 South Africa: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 119 South Africa: Anglo Platinum mines proven and probable reserves
  • 120 South Africa: Anglo Platinum quarterly nickel production, 2011-2013
  • 121 South Africa and Zimbabwe: Impala Group nickel production, FY2005-2013
  • 122 South Africa: Impala Group quarterly production, FY2012-2014
  • 123 Lonmin nickel-in-concentrate production, FY2005-2013
  • 124 South Africa: Lonmin quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 125 South Africa: African Rainbow Minerals nickel production, FY2004-2012
  • 126 South Africa: Nkomati quarterly production, FY2012-2014
  • 127 Spain: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 128 Spain: Lundin Mining quarterly production, 2011-2013
  • 129 South Korea: Nickel production, trade and usage, 2005-2013
  • 130 Sweden: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 131 Sweden: Nickel Mountain resources
  • 132 Taiwan: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 133 Turkey: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 134 Ukraine: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 135 UK: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 136 USA: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 137 USA: Secondary nickel recovery, 2004-2012
  • 138 USA: Twin Metals indicated and inferred resources as of January 2013
  • 139 Venezuela: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 140 Vietnam: Ban Phuc nickel deposit reserves
  • 141 Zambia: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 142 Enterprise deposit resources
  • 143 Zimbabwe: Nickel statistics, 2005-2013
  • 144 Zimbabwe: BNC measured and indicated resources
  • 145 Zimbabwe: Impala Platinum nickel production, FY2005-2013
  • 146 Zimbabwe: Impala Platinum resources and reserves
  • 147 Capital expenditure costs of recent projects
  • 148 World: Consumption of primary refined nickel, 2005-2013
  • 149 Effects of alloying elements on stainless steel properties
  • 150 Composition of widely used stainless steels
  • 151 World: Crude stainless steel production, by region, 2005-2013
  • 152 World: Selected changes in stainless capacity, 2013-2016
  • 153 China: Potential nameplate stainless steel capacity, 2015
  • 154 World: Estimated consumption of crude stainless steel, by region, 2005-2013
  • 155 World: Stainless steel consumption on product basis, by country, 2005-2011
  • 156 Leading exporters and importers of stainless steel, 2010 to 2012
  • 157 World: Forecast crude stainless steel consumption, 2012-2018
  • 158 World: Forecast crude stainless steel production, 2012-2018
  • 159 World: Forecast nickel demand in stainless steel, 2012-2018
  • 160 Elements and their function in superalloys
  • 161 World: Nickel alloy production, and nickel consumption in nickel alloys, 2012-2018
  • 162 World: Nickel consumption in plating, 2012-2018
  • 163 World: Nickel consumption in other alloy steels, 2012-2018
  • 164 World: Nickel consumption in foundries, 2000-2013
  • 165 Outlook for primary nickel use in foundries, 2012-2018
  • 166 Estimated nickel content in lithium-ion cathodes
  • 167 World: Forecast nickel consumption in batteries, 2012-2018
  • 168 Estimated production of nickel chemicals, 2012
  • 169 Reporting countries: Exports of nickel ores and concentrates, 2012
  • 170 Reporting countries: Imports of nickel ores and concentrates, 2012
  • 171 Reporting countries: Exports of nickel matte, 2012
  • 172 Reporting countries: Imports of nickel matte, 2012
  • 173 Exports of nickel oxide sinters and other intermediate products of nickel metallurgy, 2012
  • 174 Imports of nickel oxide sinters and other intermediate products of nickel metallurgy, 2012
  • 175 Reporting countries: Exports of ferro-nickel, 2012
  • 176 Reporting countries: Imports of ferro-nickel, 2012
  • 177 Exports of unwrought nickel metal, 2012
  • 178 Imports of unwrought nickel metal, 2012
  • 179 Exports of nickel powder and flakes, 2012
  • 180 Imports of nickel powder and flakes, 2012
  • 181 Reported exports of nickel sulphate, 2012
  • 182 Reported imports of nickel sulphate, 2012
  • 183 Reported exports of nickel oxides and hydroxides, 2012
  • 184 Reported imports of nickel oxides and hydroxides, 2012
  • 185 Reported exports of nickel chloride, 2012
  • 186 Reported imports of nickel chloride, 2012
  • 187 Components of Type 304 stainless steel scrap
  • 188 CO2 emissions from primary and secondary nickel production
  • 189 Exports of stainless steel waste and scrap, 2012
  • 190 Imports of stainless steel waste and scrap, 2012
  • 191 Exports of nickel waste and scrap, 2012
  • 192 Imports of nickel waste and scrap, 2012
  • 193 Outlook for external scrap ratio in austenitic steel 2008-2018
  • 194 Forecast use of primary nickel by first-use sector, 2012-2018
  • 195 World: Forecast use of primary nickel by region, 2012-2018
  • 196 World: Selected brownfield and greenfield projects, 2013 and onwards
  • 197 Possible production profile from selected operations assuming eventual 80% capacity utilisation, 2012-2018
  • 198 Forecast production of nickel, 2012-2018
  • 199 LME nickel price, 1997-2013 (nominal prices and real prices, adjusted for inflation)
  • 200 Year-average premiums for cathodes and briquettes, 2005-2013 (nominal prices and real prices)
  • 201 Year-average premiums for melting and plating grade nickel, 2005-2013 (nominal prices and real prices)
  • 202 Actual and forecast prices for nickel, 2011-2018

Figures Listing

  • 1 World: Cumulative change in world consumption of primary nickel, 2001-2013
  • 2 Estimated first-use of nickel, 2013
  • 3 World: Stainless steel and GDP, 2000-2013
  • 4 World: Production of nickel in sulphide and laterite ores, 2003-2013
  • 5 China: Mine and primary nickel production, 2003-2013
  • 6 LME nickel stocks and prices, 2006-2013
  • 7 Average grades of nickel sulphide ores by country
  • 8 Average grades of laterite reserves by country
  • 9 Simplified flowchart of main nickel production processes
  • 10 Breakdown of production processes by volume, 2012
  • 11 World: Mine production by country, 2002-2013
  • 12 World: Comparison of mine production and refined output, 2002-2013
  • 13 World: Share of mined and refined production, 2013
  • 14 World: Trends in production of refined nickel, 2003-2013
  • 15 World: Production of Class I and Class II nickel, 2013
  • 16 China: Production of refined nickel and NPI, 2002-2013
  • 17 China: Grades of NPI produced, 2005-2013
  • 18 World: Estimated production of nickel sulphate, 2004-2013
  • 19 Australia: Nickel mineral occurrences, 2012
  • 20 Australia: Mine and primary nickel production, 1994-2013
  • 21 Australia: BHPB Nickel West saleable production, 2006-2012
  • 22 Australia: BHPB diagram of operations and FY2013 production
  • 23 Australia: Independence Group delivered nickel, FY2004-2013
  • 24 Australia: Mincor annual nickel-in-concentrate production, FY2001-2013
  • 25 Australia: Norilsk Nickel saleable production, 2007-2013
  • 26 Australia: Panoramic Resources nickel production, FY2004-2013
  • 27 Canada: Nickel mine production and LME nickel price, 2000-2012
  • 28 Nickel and cobalt production of Moa Bay and Ambatovy joint ventures, 2000-2012
  • 29 Canada: Vale nickel production, 2004-2012
  • 30 China: Imports of nickel ore and concentrates, 2005-2013
  • 31 China: Average energy prices, by region, November 2009
  • 32 NPI: Trends in production cost, by process, 2010-2013
  • 33 NPI: Production in China by province, Jan-Sep 2013
  • 34 NPI: Implied grade by province, Jan-Sep 2013
  • 35 Production by Cerro Matoso, 2000-2012
  • 36 Finland: Boliden Harjavalta nickel concentrate processing, 2006-2012
  • 37 Finland: Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta nickel production, 2000-2012
  • 38 Finland: Talvivaara Mining nickel production, 2008-2012
  • 39 Germany: Usage and net imports of selected products, 2004-2013
  • 40 France: Eramet estimated refined nickel production, 2004-2012
  • 41 Indonesia: Exports of nickel ore, 2003-2013
  • 42 China: Imports from Indonesia, Sep 2010-Sep 2013
  • 43 Japan: Nickel apparent and reported consumption and production, 2001-2012
  • 44 New Caledonia: Nickel and stainless steel trends, 1996-2013
  • 45 New Caledonia: SLN annual nickel production, 1994-2012
  • 46 New Caledonia: SMSP annual nickel in ferro-nickel production, 2009-2012
  • 47 Philippines: Exports of nickel ore and concentrates, 2003-2013
  • 48 Russia: Exports of nickel metal, 2005-2013
  • 49 Russia: Mineral deposits
  • 50 Russia: Norilsk Nickel diagram of operations
  • 51 South Africa: Production by Anglo Platinum, 2004-2012
  • 52 World: Cost of mine production (no by-product credits), 2013
  • 53 World: Net cost of nickel products (100% by-product credits), 2013
  • 54 World: Reduction in net cost of production of nickel as a result of by-product credits, 2013
  • 55 World: Variations in cost of nickel products by processing stage, 2013
  • 56 World: Trends in costs of nickel production by processing stage, 2008-2013
  • 57 World: Trends in on-site costs of nickel production by input, 2008-2013
  • 58 World: Estimated nickel production costs by, with no by-product credits, 2013
  • 59 World: Estimated nickel production costs by operation, with 100% by-product credits, 2013
  • 60 World: Estimated mine versus other production costs by operation, with no by-product credits, 2013
  • 61 World: Estimated production costs by operation, with no by-product credits, 2013
  • 62 World: Estimated production costs by operation, with no by-product credits, 2013
  • 63 World: Estimated production costs by operation, with 100% by-product credits, 2013
  • 64 NPI: Breakdown of costs, by production process, 2012
  • 65 NPI: Average production cost, by process, 2012
  • 66 NPI: Trends in production cost, by process, 2010-2013
  • 67 World: Estimated incentive prices by production process
  • 68 World: Sensitivity of estimated incentive prices to capital cost
  • 69 World: Incentive prices according to stage of project completion
  • 70 Example: Hypothetical breakdown of costs of a producer of NPI into variable and fixed components
  • 71 Example: Total costs and revenue
  • 72 World: Consumption of primary refined nickel by region, 2003-2013
  • 73 World: Consumption by type of nickel product, 2013
  • 74 World: Consumption of nickel by type of product, 2013
  • 75 First-use of nickel, 2013
  • 76 Nickel in stainless steel, 2013
  • 77 Use of nickel in non-stainless applications (35% of total use), 2013
  • 78 World: Estimated first-use of primary nickel by region, 2013
  • 79 World: Stainless steel production by grade and the price of nickel, 2003-2013
  • 80 China: Stainless steel production by grade and the price of nickel, 2006-2013
  • 81 Outokumpu: Breakdown of production costs, 2012
  • 82 Chinese advantage over Western world production in a tonne of 304 slab
  • 83 China: Nickel consumption in stainless steel, by product, 2012
  • 84 World: Stainless steel consumption by end-use, 2013
  • 85 World: Quarterly crude stainless steel production, 2007-2013
  • 86 World: Estimated profit margins in selected industries, 2008-2012
  • 87 Consumption index of various metals, 2002-2012
  • 88 World: Selected countries stainless steel consumption per capita (product basis) versus GDP per capita, 2011
  • 89 China: Stainless steel consumption per capita, 1995-2013
  • 90 World: Aspects of the stainless steel market, 2013
  • 91 World: Forecast net exports of stainless steel, 2012-2018
  • 92 World: Forecast proportion of 300-series steel, 2012-2018
  • 93 Estimated nickel alloy consumption, 2005-2013
  • 94 Nickel alloy consumption by industry, 2013
  • 95 World: Production of nickel alloys, 2013
  • 96 Superalloys: Elemental effects of minor metals
  • 97 Deliveries of aero engines by producing company, 2000 to 2013
  • 98 World: Historical and forecast passenger jet deliveries by type, 1996-2035
  • 99 World: Estimated nickel fly-weights for passenger jets delivered, 1997-2030
  • 100 World: Gas turbine orders, 1979-2011
  • 101 Estimated consumption of nickel in plating, 2002-2012
  • 102 World: Estimated nickel plating consumption by end-use, 2013
  • 103 Consumption of nickel in other alloy steels, 2003-2012
  • 104 Alloy steel consumption by end-use, 2013
  • 105 Specific energy and energy density of rechargeable batteries
  • 106 World: Battery production by type, 1995-2012
  • 107 World: Production of lithium cathode materials by type, 2000 to 2013
  • 108 Exports of nickel ores and concentrates by country, 2003-2013
  • 109 Imports of nickel ores and concentrates by country, 2003-2013
  • 110 Exports of nickel matte by reporting country, 2003-2013
  • 111 Imports of nickel matte by reporting country, 2003-2013
  • 112 Exports of nickel oxide sinters and other intermediate products of nickel metallurgy by reporting country, 2003-2013
  • 113 Imports of nickel oxide sinters and other intermediate products of nickel metallurgy by reporting country, 2003-2013
  • 114 Exports of ferro-nickel by reporting country, 2003-2013
  • 115 Imports of ferro-nickel by reporting country, 2003-2013
  • 116 Exports of unwrought nickel metal, not alloyed, 2003-2013
  • 117 Imports of unwrought nickel metal, not alloyed, 2003-2013
  • 118 Exports of nickel powder and flakes, 2003-2013
  • 119 Imports of nickel powder and flakes, 2003-2013
  • 120 World: Exports of nickel sulphate, 2003-2013
  • 121 World: Imports of nickel sulphate, 2003-2013
  • 122 World: Exports of nickel oxides and hydroxides, 2003-2013
  • 123 World: Imports of nickel oxides and hydroxides, 2003-2013
  • 124 World: Exports of nickel chloride, 2003-2013
  • 125 World: Imports of nickel chloride, 2003-2013
  • 126 Recycling of superalloys
  • 127 World: Proportion of consumed nickel derived from secondary material, 2013
  • 128 Exports of stainless steel waste and scrap, 2003-2013
  • 129 Imports of stainless steel waste and scrap, 2003-2013
  • 130 Exports of nickel waste and scrap, 2002-2012
  • 131 Imports of nickel waste and scrap, 2003-2013
  • 132 UK domestic prices of stainless steel scrap, 1997-2013
  • 133 Estimated amount of capacity-at-risk at hypothetical long-term nickel prices
  • 134 Forecast production of primary nickel, 2006-2018
  • 135 Forecast production of primary nickel, 2006-2018
  • 136 Actual and forecast production, consumption and stocks of nickel, 2002-2018
  • 137 LME nickel price, 1997-2013 (real and nominal)
  • 138 LME nickel price and stocks, 1985-2013 (real and nominal)
  • 139 Supply balance for primary nickel, 2003-2013
  • 140 LME nickel stocks and prices, 2006-2013
  • 141 Estimated total nickel stocks, 2003-2013
  • 142 Premiums for nickel cathodes and briquettes, 2007-2013
  • 143 Premiums for melting and plating grade nickel, 2007-2013
  • 144 Export prices of Indonesian nickel laterite ore, 2013
  • 145 Prices of NPI and Chinese nickel cathode, 2012-2013
  • 146 NPI price advantage over scrap and ferro-nickel, 2012-2013
  • 147 Actual and forecast end-of-month prices for nickel, 2011-2018
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