V2X (Vehicle to Everything)・CVIS (協調車両インフラシステム) 産業の分析 (2019～2020年)
V2X (Vehicle to Everything) and CVIS (Cooperative Vehicle Infrastructure System) Industry Report, 2019-2020
|V2X (Vehicle to Everything)・CVIS (協調車両インフラシステム) 産業の分析 (2019～2020年)|
ページ情報: 英文 290 Pages
中国でも2025年までに、条件付き自律機能を備えたインテリジェント車両が開発され、LTE-V2Xなどのネットワークが一部地域で実現化し、5G-V2Xが高速道路や一部の都市で徐々に利用可能になり、そして高精度の時空間データサービスが提供開始される、と考えられています。2020年2月に国家開発改革委員会 (NDRC) が公布したインテリジェント車両の革新的開発戦略に従って、ネットワークの展開が進められ、2035～2050年に中国独自規格のインテリジェント車両システムが構築される見通しです。こうした技術・インフラ整備の動きの合わせて、関連製品／サービス産業 (通信チップ、モジュール、端末、車両、検査・認証、運用サービスなど) の発展も進むものと思われます。
当レポートでは、世界と中国のV2X (Vehicle to Everything) およびCVIS (協調車両インフラシステム) 産業の発展見通しについて分析し、技術の概略や今後の開発・普及見通し、世界各国／中国国内の技術開発・インフラ整備計画、主要企業のプロファイル・主要ソリューション・事業展開状況、といった情報を取りまとめてお送りいたします。
The V2X industry is thriving with advances in automotive connectivity, to which great importance has been attached by car producing powers worldwide, and it is vigorously promoted and deployed about which the development plans, laws & regulations, technical criteria and pilot construction are in full swing in different countries.
Till 2025, the intelligent vehicles with conditional autonomy will be spawned in China, LTE-V2X and other networks will be regionally viable, 5G-V2X will be progressively available on expressways and in some cities, and the high-precision spatial-temporal datum service network will be fully covered, according to the Strategy for Innovative Development of Intelligent Vehicles circulated by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in February 2020. An intelligent vehicle system with Chinese standards will be established between 2035 and 2050.
Two V2X technology roadmaps prevail worldwide, i.e., IEEE802.11p (DSRC) and C-V2X (Cellular-V2X). Application layer standards are drafted differently by countries.
C-V2X springs up and wins the hearts of industry insiders since it is far superior to DSRC. C-V2X, encompassing LTE-V2X and 5G-V2X, gets energetically promoted in China.
In December 2019, Federal Communications Commission (FCC) passed a resolution with one accord that most spectrums of 5.9GHz band will be reallocated and they will be dedicated for the unlicensed spectrum technology and the C-V2X technology. Over the past two decades, 75MHz in the 5.9GHz band was used for DSRC, but FCC seeking to revise the rules pointed it out that DSRC is at a standstill for many years, particularly in April 2019 when Toyota stopped using DSRC V2X technology.
C-V2X (incl. LTE-V2X, 5G-V2X) is based on 3GPP specifications. LTE-V2X evolves towards 5G-V2X.
3GPP R14 standards supporting LTE-V2X was issued in 2017; 3GPP R15 standards that support LTE-V2X enhanced (LTE-eV2X) were formally completed in June 2018; 3GPP R16+ standards supportive for 5G-V2X started to be studied in June 2018.
LTE-V2X is designed mainly to enable driver assistance, improve road safety, efficiency and comfort. NR-V2X, a fusion of communication technologies, big data, artificial intelligence, among others, suffice autonomous driving and other new features better. 5G NR V2X standards are rapidly under way and physical layer specifications plan to be nailed down in March 2020.
Among the 25 projects about Rel-17 that were established at the 3GPP RAN Meeting held in Spain in December 2019, a standardization project -- 5G new radio sidelink enhancement -- will be a souped-up version of Rel-16 NR-V2X sidelink. Also, the technology roadmap of 3GPP 5G 3rd edition (Rel-17) was made explicitly during the Meeting. Noticeably, Chinese operators initiated and joined many projects of criteria constitution about 3GPP RAN R17.
It is put forward in the Strategy for Innovative Development of Intelligent Vehicles to build a full-fledged intelligent vehicle infrastructure system, including (1) to build smart roads and next-generation national traffic control network, to expedite 5G construction and combination with telematics; (2) to study the licensing of special spectrums for automotive wireless communications, to hasten construction of wireless communication network for automotive use; (3) to accelerate construction of a unified national high-accuracy spatial temporal datum service capabilities by giving full play to the existing Beidou satellite positioning reference station network; (4) to develop the intelligent vehicle maps with unified standards, to build a perfect geographic information system containing road network information, to offer real-time kinematic (RTK) data services; (5) the existing facilities and data resources will be leveraged to build a national intelligent vehicle big data cloud-enabled platform.
5G+V2X, as a crucial infrastructure to autonomous driving, is booming with policy support. V2X started from 2019 to be piloted successively and will be more popular with 5G deployments in 2022. Meanwhile, 5G NR V2X is being tested and certified, setting the stage for large-scale application of intelligent vehicles with higher autonomy in 2025.
The traditional automotive terminals like T-Box are on the brink of a revolution. The automotive TCU (Telematics Control Unit) integrates 4G/5G module, C-V2X module, onboard navigation module and so forth, which means the opportunities and challenges to the providers of both cockpit electronics and conventional telematics.
Huawei Technologies rolled out the C-V2X T-Box compatible with both 4.5G and 5G; PATEO launched 4.5G C-V2X T-box; Neusoft released T-Box 3.0 combining C-V2X, 5G, Ethernet and other technologies; Samsung Harman announced the availability of TCU in-built with cellular NAD and Autotalks' 2nd-Gen chipset, offering C-V2X capabilities.
Telematics evolves from initially TSP platform to intelligent connectivity platform and then to autonomous driving cloud-enabled platform (cooperative vehicle infrastructure system). 5G T-Box, a portal for big data of intelligent vehicles in future, will be the core product for smart hardware producers. Automakers also have collaborations with Tier 1 suppliers and plan to have the to-be-launched models configured with 5G+V2X successively.
C-V2X industry chain involves communication chip, communication module, terminals & equipment, vehicle manufacturing, test & certification, operation services, etc., where there are many players such as chip vendors, equipment manufacturers, OEMs, solution providers and telecom carriers. In October 2019, C-V2X 'Four Crosses' (cross-chip module, cross-terminal, cross-vehicle, cross- safety platform) connectivity demonstrations were successfully held, a full interpretation of C-V2X complete chain technology competences and facilitating further C-V2X deployments at home.
Huawei make great strides in C-V2X and has unveiled C-V2X chip, gateway, T-Box, RSU (Road Side Unit) to end-to-end solutions. In 2019, Huawei launched 5G in-car module MH5000 which is highly integrated with 5G and C-V2X technologies and is packed with 5G baseband chip Balong 5000 with such features as one-core multi-mode, high rates, downlink-uplink decoupling, support of SA (5G standalone) and NSA (5G non-standalone) dual-mode network, support of C-V2X, to name a few.