表紙:中国のEV充電ステーションおよび充電パイル市場(2021年)
市場調査レポート
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1015690

中国のEV充電ステーションおよび充電パイル市場(2021年)

China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2021

出版日: | 発行: ResearchInChina | ページ情報: 英文 340 Pages | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

価格
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本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=110.57円
中国のEV充電ステーションおよび充電パイル市場(2021年)
出版日: 2021年06月24日
発行: ResearchInChina
ページ情報: 英文 340 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 目次
概要

2020年末、世界において1,100万台以上のEVが走行しています。COVID-19の影響で、世界の自動車産業は低迷しましたが、世界のEV登録台数は2000年に比べ41%増加しています。IEA(国際エネルギー機関)のデータによると、2025年には世界のEV販売台数は1,500万台から2,000万台になると予想されています。

このような背景から、各政府は充電パイルの計画・建設を急いでいます。IEAの統計によると、2020年の世界のEV充電インフラの数は950万台、そのうち公共のものは250万台となっています。また、控えめに見積もっても、世界のEV充電インフラは約5,000万台に増加し、そのうち公共のものは1,000万台近くになると予測されています。

当レポートは、中国のEV充電ステーションおよび充電パイル市場について調査しており、業界の概要、世界および中国における開発、主要企業のプロファイルなどの情報を提供しています。

目次

第1章 充電ステーション/パイル業界の概要

  • EV充電インフラ
    • 定義と分類
    • 充電モード
    • 充電技術の分類
    • 充電ステーションの構成
    • 充電ステーションのコスト構造
    • 公共充電ステーションの構成
    • 充電パイルの産業チェーン
    • 充電パイル産業チェーンの上流-製造終了
    • 充電パイル産業チェーンの中間-運用終了(コンストラクターおよびオペレーター)
  • 充電ポートと充電ガン
    • 充電ポートの定義
    • 充電ポートの分類
    • 充電ガンの分類

第2章 中国のインフラ産業の充電に関する方針

  • 電気自動車
    • 購入減税
    • 購入のための財政補助金(I)
    • 購入のための財政補助金(II)
    • 購入のための財政補助金(III)
    • 使用のための財政補助金
    • プロモーションに関するポリシー
  • EV充電ステーション
    • 充電施設への補助金(国レベル)
    • 新エネルギー車の充電インフラのインセンティブ方針と新エネルギー車の普及と応用の強化に関する通知
    • 充電設備産業の計画(国レベル)(I)
    • 充電設備産業の計画(国レベル)(II)
    • 省エネ・新エネルギー車技術ロードマップ2.0インテリジェンスとデジタル化を組み合わせた充電設備のインテリジェント製造の実現を提案
    • 省エネおよび新エネルギー車技術ロードマップ2.0-充電インフラストラクチャ全体のロードマップ
    • 輸送における国家力を構築するプログラム
    • 中国の充電施設への補助金/計画-(市別)
  • その他のポリシー
    • EV充電の基本電気料金
    • EV充電のサービス料
    • V2G協調イノベーションとデモの推進

第3章 世界および中国でのEVの開発

  • 世界のEV市場
    • 所有
    • 主要な国と地域での所有権
    • 主要国と地域の売上高の伸びの比較
    • 主要国・地域の電化目標
    • 主要な国と地域における軽自動車の政策とインセンティブ
    • EVとパワーバッテリーの予測
    • 主要国・地域の販売予測
    • 乗用車の販売台数
    • 乗用車の販売台数(モデル別)
    • 欧州における乗用車の販売台数
    • 米国乗用車の販売台数
  • 中国のEV市場
    • 全体の販売量
    • 全体的な販売量-燃料タイプ別
    • 新エネルギー乗用車の販売台数
    • 乗用車の販売台数-レベル別
    • 乗用車の販売台数-ブランド別
    • 乗用車の販売台数-モデル別
    • 商用車の出力
    • バスの販売台数
    • 特殊車両の販売台数
  • 中国のEV充電ソリューション
    • BEVの充電ソリューション
    • PHEVの充電ソリューション

第4章 海外でのEV充電施設の開発

  • ポリシーと特徴
    • 開発計画と特徴
    • 財政補助金
    • バイデン政府の主な政策
  • 現状と動向
    • 充電設備の開発
    • 公共充電パイルの所有権
    • 主要国における公共充電パイルの所有権
    • 主要国における車とパイルの比率
  • 充電ポート標準
    • 主な基準
    • 主要な標準化団体
    • 主要地域の充電港特性
    • AC充電ポート
    • DC充電ポート
    • 複合充電ポート
    • 主な自動車モデルの充電ポート規格
  • 典型的な企業-Tesla
    • プロファイル
    • オペレーション
    • 研究開発と生産能力
    • EV販売
    • EV販売予測
    • サプライヤー
    • 中国の電池および電池材料サプライヤー
    • 中国のパイルサプライヤーの充電
    • 中国の非中核部品サプライヤー
    • Teslaの充電ステーションの世界における分布
    • 中国におけるTeslaの充電ステーションの分布
    • スーパー充電パイル
    • 家庭用充電パイル
  • 典型的な組織-CHAdeMO Association
    • プロファイル
    • 憲法
    • 技術構造
    • 充電インターフェース
    • 主な充電パイル製品
    • 主な自動車モデル
    • V2X
    • V2Xデモプロジェクト
    • 充電ステーションの建設計画
  • ワイヤレス充電
    • 原理
    • 基準
    • 開発
    • 最新の進捗状況
    • テクニカルルート
    • ステータスクォー(I)
    • 現状維持(II)
    • 現状維持(III)
    • 解決策:Qualcomm Halo
    • 技術的パラメータ
    • 主なワイヤレスチャーリングテクノロジー
  • G2V/V2G/V2H
    • 技術原理
    • V2X充電および放電テクノロジー
    • V2Gテクノロジー
    • V2Gテクニカルフレームワーク
    • 車両ネットワークの調整による充電障害のエネルギー損失とピーク負荷の変化
    • V2Gの大規模な商業化
  • BaaS+バッテリースワップネットワークモード
    • BaaS+バッテリースワップネットワークの開発環境
    • バッテリー交換モードのプロモーション売上
    • バッテリー交換のビジネスモード
    • バッテリー交換技術とDC急速充電技術の比較
    • バッテリー交換モードの中国の充電モードとの共存、運転車両の適用シナリオ
  • 柔軟な充電スタック
    • 技術
    • 利点
  • 現状と世界の充電技術の動向
  • 中国の充電技術の現状と動向

第5章 中国での充電ステーション/パイルの開発

  • 新エネルギー車の所有権と自動車・パイルの比率
    • 中国における所有権と自動車・パイルの比率
    • 中国における新エネルギー車の所有権と充電運転需要
  • 公共充電パイルの運用
    • 開発コース
    • 分布
  • 充電施設の分布と計画(州別)
    • 北東/中国北部/中国東部
    • 中南中国
    • 中国南西部/北西部
  • 高速道路の充電ステーション
    • 構成標準
    • 充電モード
    • 課金料金
    • 開発計画
    • 州グリッドの入札番号
    • 州グリッドの入札力と落札企業
  • 中国の充電施設の競合パターン
    • 充電サービス市場競争の大幅な増加の可能性
    • 主要な充電事業者の競合パターン
  • 中国の充電施設の利益モデル
    • 運用バリューチェーン
    • ビジネスモード(I)
    • ビジネスモード(II)
    • 主要企業の損益分岐点の実現、洗練されたオペレーションの開始
    • 革新的なビジネスモデルの出現
    • インターネット+充電パイル
    • 単一の杭の損益分岐点-充電杭の偶数表
  • 中国における充電設備の開発動向
    • 主な問題
    • 提案
    • EV充電技術の魅力的な動向である充電ネットワーク

第6章 中国の主要な充電事業者

  • TELD
    • プロファイル
    • 開発のための資金調達
    • 充電ネットワークソリューション(1)
    • 充電ネットワークソリューション(2)
    • 充電ネットワークソリューション(3)
    • 充電装置
    • インテリジェントで柔軟な充電ボウ
    • 新しい高出力充電装置(1)
    • 新しい高出力充電装置(2)
    • ビッグデータに基づく電気自動車充電システムの安全性評価
    • 2020年の充電プロジェクト
    • 充電装置の使用率と充電容量
    • 充電事業運営モード
    • 充電事業範囲
    • 充電事業のパートナー
  • Star Charge
    • プロファイル
    • 開発の歴史と資金調達
    • 充電事業運営
    • 充電ソリューション
    • DC統合充電器
    • DCスプリットチャージャー
    • AC製品ライン
    • 海外の充電施設向け製品ライン
    • 制御部品の製品ライン
    • アプリケーションケース
    • 充電事業のパートナー
  • State Grid
    • 充電施設建設計画
    • 充電施設建設
    • 高速道路充電ネットワーク
    • 充電施設の運用
    • 充電施設入札
  • Ykccn.com
    • プロファイル
    • 充電施設の運用
    • 充電施設の配布
  • EV Power
    • プロファイル
    • 充電装置
    • AC充電装置
    • DC充電装置
    • 付加価値サービス
    • コミュニティで充電するためのCloudEdge統合充電パイル操作ソリューション(EMQ+EV Power)
    • 充電施設の配布
    • 充電施設の運用
    • 充電事業への協力
  • SAIC Anyo Charging
    • プロファイル
    • 充電装置
    • 運用プラットフォーム
    • 充電設備アプリケーション
    • 充電事業への協力
  • Shenzhen CLOU Electronics
    • プロファイル
    • 収益と粗利益
    • 主な事業
    • 充電プラットフォーム
    • 充電ソリューション(1)
    • 充電ソリューション(2)
    • 充電施設の運用
    • 充電装置
    • AC充電装置(1)
    • AC充電装置(2)
    • DC充電装置(1)
    • DC充電装置(2)
    • 充電施設の配布
    • 充電事業への協力
  • Potevio New Energy
    • プロファイル
    • 充電事業範囲
    • 充電運用サービス
    • 充電サービス運用事例(1)
    • インテリジェントクラウド管理プラットフォームの充電
    • 充電ビジネスモデル
    • 充電施設の運用と流通
    • 充電事業への協力
  • ICHARGE
    • プロファイル
    • AC充電装置
    • DC充電装置
    • DC充電装置のパラメータ
    • クラウドプラットフォームの充電
    • 充電事業の運用事例
    • 充電施設の運用
    • 充電事業への協力
  • Winsky New Energy
    • プロファイル
    • 充電ソリューション
    • 充電施設の運用
    • 充電設備の運用事例
    • 充電事業への協力
  • Huashang Sanyou
    • プロファイル
    • 充電装置
    • 充電事業運営
  • 中国の主な充電事業者12社のビジネスモデルと充電基準

第7章 主要自動車メーカーの充電施設のレイアウト

  • Wuling
  • NIO
  • Xpeng
  • Tesla
  • Changan Automobile
  • BYD
  • BAIC BJEV
  • Geely
  • SAIC
  • Volkswagen
  • その他OEM
  • 充電パイル建設の主要OEM
目次

Charging Infrastructure Research: Three Modes for Self-Building and Operation of OEM's Charging Piles

Global charging pile ownership surged, while high-power fast charging network leads the growth

As of the end of 2020, there are over 11 million units of EVs on the road worldwide. Although global automotive industry suffered downturn under the impact of the COVID-19, global EV registration grew by 41% in 2000. According to IEA (International Energy Agency) data, global EV sales volume is expected to be 15 million units to 20 million units by 2025.

Under this background, government of each county fastens planning and construction of charging piles. Based on IEA's statistics, number of EV charging infrastructures worldwide in 2020 amounted to 9.5 million units, including 2.5 million units public ones. Conservatively forecast, global EV charging infrastructures will increase to around 50 million units, including nearly 10 million units of public one.

Currently, China's charging pile ownership ranks first in the world. As of the end of 2020, China's new energy vehicle ownership reached 4.92 million units, and number of charging piles amounted to 1.68 million units. Among them, number of private and commercial charging piles (including public and special) hit 874,700 units and 806,000 units, respectively, while car-to-pile ratio was 0.34 to 1.

It is estimated that China's new energy vehicle ownership will amount to 17.82 million units by 2025 and number of charging piles will approximate 9.39 million units. Among them, number of private and commercial charging piles (including public and special) will hit 6.18 million units and 3.21 million units, while car-to-pile ratio will be 0.53 to 1.

At present, China's highway fast charging network has basically taken shape, ranking first in the world. By 2020, a total of 2,251 charging stations and 9,065 charging piles have been built on 42 highways, with a service mileage of 54,000 kilometers, accounting for 35% of the total mileage of highways nationwide. According to the summary of bidding information for highway charging equipment of the State Grid over the years, highway charging piles are mainly 80 KW to 160 KW, and 240/480 KW super-power super-charging piles have been laid.

Medium and high-end intelligent EV brands vigorously layout charging network construction

Added value of intelligent EV brands has increased significantly, bringing about consumption upgrading in the automobile industry. Apart from intelligence and quality of the vehicles, charging quality improvement is also important. An article (Can the Battery Swap Mode that NIO and BAIC BJEV Both Bet on Overturn the industrial ecology?) released by ResearchInChina in August 2018 clearly pointed out that NIO builds a closed business scenario via battery swap mode to greatly enhance its brand value and service level, which is a very clever business strategy.

Many OEMs have also realized the importance of closed (or semi-closed) charging network. Medium and high-end start-up brands such as Tesla, NIO, Xpeng, Lixiang and other, as well as high-end EV brands of traditional OEMs, such as Geely ZEEKR, GAC Aion, BAIC ARCFOX, SAIC R, VW ID, etc., have begun or planned to layout in super charging station sector.

According to our analysis, OEMs currently mainly adopts three charging network construction and operation modes:

Mode 1: Fully self-built and self-operated "closed supercharging" system

This mode demands high costs and very high market ownership to maintain operation, represented by Tesla. In China, Tesla has laid a large number of charging piles. Although it has successively switched to the national standard interface, in fact Tesla's charging network is rarely open to the public, being a very closed charging network. Tesla has always claimed that it will allow to open super-charging piles to its peers, but we believe that the possibility of opening up in the short term is very small.

Tesla has built over 800 super charging stations and 6,300 super charging piles in China, supporting more than 710 destination charging stations, with charging network covering more than 290 cities. In 2021, its super charging pile factory in Shanghai was put into operation, with an initial planned annual production capacity of 10,000 units, mainly V3 super charging piles.

With extensive laying of Tesla's closed charging network, Tesla has actually formed a strong consumer barrier in China. Even if it faces many doubts in the short term, it will still occupy an important position in China in the long run. Its closed charging network has become one of the key factors for enterprises to achieve successful operation.

Mode 2: Fully self-built and self-operated "closed battery swap + open supercharging" system

Apart from supercharging station, battery swap station is also the main way for the charging layout of OEMs. NIO regards battery swap business as one of its core business models. It introduced car-electricity separation mode and led the establishment of Wuhan Weineng Battery Asset Co., Ltd. to be responsible for the management and operation of batteries.

In April 2021, NIO worked with State Grid to deploy the 2nd Gen of battery swap stations nationwide. Its brand-new battery swap technology supports the function of in-car one-button battery swap, eliminating the need of getting off the bus. Up to 312 battery swap services are provided every day, effectively improving battery swap efficiency.

As of June 2021, NIO has laid out 249 battery swap stations and 177 super-charging stations nationwide, including 1,408 super-charging piles. NIO partnered with State Grid to release the 2nd Gen battery swap station, planning to layout 500 units of battery swap stations nationwide. With the gradual improvement of NIO's car charging and battery swap network, we predict that NIO may properly lower the brand pricing to occupy the market of RMB 250,000 to RMB 350,000 range.

Mode 3: Cooperative "Open supercharge" system + partial self-built and self-operated "closed supercharge" system

Differed from the relatively closed charging network construction and operation modes of NIO and Tesla, Xpeng mainly cooperates with third-party operators such as TELD to build free supercharging network, greatly reducing network laying and operation costs.

In addition, Xpeng has also started the construction of its own-brand exclusive charging stations similar to those of Tesla and NIO so as to further upgrade charging brand service. By the end of 2021, Xpeng will plan to build over 500 units of branded super-charging stations. We expect that Xpeng will raise the price of its pure electric SUV to be released, and the closed charging network will be the key breakthrough point for enhancing its brand value.

So far, Xpeng's overall charging network layout has reached 164 cities, 1140 units of free charging stations and 19,019 free charging piles (some of which are self-built by Xpeng), expected to cover over 200 major cities nationwide by the end of 2021. Xpeng sales have surged since the release of its Lifetime Free Charging Plan (3,000 KWh per year) in Sept.2020.

In addition, VW (China), FAW, JAC and Wanbang New Energy jointly established CAMS Kemeth, a charging operator, which adopts an operation mode similar to that of Xpeng, namely, a combination of open + partially closed (ground lock).

For other OEMs, we think that they are more likely to adopt mode 3. But each selects varied strategies and laying ideas. For instance, the newly released Geely ZEEKR is the first 800V platform model in China, supporting rapid charging at 360kW. It can drive 120km after just 5 minutes of charging. According to the plan, ZEEKR will complete the construction of 290 charging stations and 2,800 charging piles by 2021, and build 2,200 charging stations and 20,000 charging piles by the end of 2023. So far, ZEEKR's fast charging network has not been officially unveiled.

In the future, with the promotion of 800V high-voltage fast charging architecture technology, it is a trend for both foreign-funded enterprises and independent brands to conduct product layout in high-voltage platform, and he self-built self-operated charging network of high-end intelligent EV brands will be accelerated.

Table of Contents

1. Overview of Charging Station/Pile Industry

  • 1.1 EV Charging Infrastructure
    • 1.1.1 Definition and Classification
    • 1.1.2 Charging Modes
    • 1.1.3 Classification of Charging Technology
    • 1.1.4 Composition of Charging Stations
    • 1.1.5 Cost Structure of Charging Stations
    • 1.1.6 Configuration of Public Charging Stations
    • 1.1.7 Industry Chain of Charging Piles
    • 1.1.8 Upstream of Charging Pile Industry Chain - Manufacturing End
    • 1.1.9 Midstream of Charging Pile Industry Chain - Operation End (Constructor and Operator)
  • 1.2 Charging Port and Charging Gun
    • 1.2.1 Definition of Charging Port
    • 1.2.2 Classification of Charging Port
    • 1.2.3 Classification of Charging Gun

2 Policies on Charging Infrastructure Industry in China

  • 2.1 Electric Vehicle
    • 2.1.1 Purchase Tax Cuts
    • 2.1.2 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (I)
    • 2.1.3 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (II)
    • 2.1.4 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (III)
    • 2.1.5 Fiscal Subsidies for Use
    • 2.1.6 Policies on Promotion
  • 2.2 EV Charging Station
    • 2.2.1 Subsidies for Charging Facilities (Nation level)
    • 2.2.2 Notification on the Incentive Policy of Charging Infrastructures for New Energy Vehicles and the Enhancement of the Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles
    • 2.2.3 Planning for Charging Facilities Industry (Nation level) (I)
    • 2.2.4 Planning for Charging Facilities Industry (Nation level) (II)
    • 2.2.5 Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap 2.0 Propose to Realize Intelligent Manufacturing of Charging Facility by Combining Intelligence and Digitalization
    • 2.2.6 Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap 2.0-Charging Infrastructure Overall Roadmap
    • 2.2.7 Program of Building National Strength in Transportation
    • 2.2.8 Subsidies/Planning for Charging Facilities in China- (by City)
  • 2.3 Other Policies
    • 2.3.1 Basic Electricity Price for EV Charging
    • 2.3.2 Service Charge for EV Charging
    • 2.3.3 Promotion of V2G Coordinative Innovation and Demo

3 Development of EV around the World and in China

  • 3.1 Global EV Market
    • 3.1.1 Ownership
    • 3.1.2 Ownership in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.3 Comparison of Sales Growth in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.4 Electrification Target in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.5 Policies and Incentives of Light Vehicles in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.6 Forecast on EV and Power Battery
    • 3.1.7 Sales Forecast in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.8 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles
    • 3.1.9 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles (by Model)
    • 3.1.10 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles in Europe
    • 3.1.11 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles in the United States
  • 3.2 Chinese EV Market
    • 3.2.1 Overall Sales Volume
    • 3.2.2 Overall Sales Volume-by Fuel Type
    • 3.2.3 Sales Volume of New Energy Passenger Car
    • 3.2.4 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Level
    • 3.2.5 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Brand
    • 3.2.6 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Model
    • 3.2.7 Output of Commercial Vehicles
    • 3.2.8 Sales Volume of Buses
    • 3.2.9 Sales Volume of Special Vehicles
  • 3.3 EV Charging Solutions in China
    • 3.3.1 Charging Solutions for BEV
    • 3.3.2 Charging Solutions for PHEV

4 Development of EV Charging Facilities in Foreign Countries

  • 4.1 Policies and Characteristics
    • 4.1.1 Development Plans and Characteristics
    • 4.1.2 Fiscal Subsidies
    • 4.1.3 Major Policies of Biden Government
  • 4.2 Status Quo and Trend
    • 4.2.1 Development of Charging Facilities
    • 4.2.2 Ownership of Public Charging Piles
    • 4.2.3 Ownership of Public Charging Piles in Major Countries
    • 4.2.4 Car-to-Pile Ratio in Major Countries
  • 4.3 Charging Port Standard
    • 4.3.1 Major Standards
    • 4.3.2 Major Standards Developing Organizations
    • 4.3.3 Charging Port Characteristics of Major Regions
    • 4.3.4 AC Charging Port
    • 4.3.5 DC Charging Port
    • 4.3.6 Combined Charging Port
    • 4.3.7 Charging Port Standards for Main Auto Models
  • 4.4 Typical Company-Tesla
    • 4.4.1 Profile
    • 4.4.2 Operation
    • 4.4.3 R&D and Capacity
    • 4.4.4 EV Sales
    • 4.4.5 EV Sales Forecast
    • 4.4.6 Suppliers
    • 4.4.7 Battery and Battery Material Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.8 Charging Pile Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.9 Non-Core Parts Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.10 Distribution of Tesla's Charging Stations Worldwide
    • 4.4.11 Distribution of Tesla's Charging Stations in China
    • 4.4.12 Super Charging Piles
    • 4.4.13 Household Charging Piles
  • 4.5 Typical Organization- CHAdeMO Association
    • 4.5.1 Profile
    • 4.5.2 Constitution
    • 4.5.3 Technical Structure
    • 4.5.4 Charging Interface
    • 4.5.5 Main Charging Pile Product
    • 4.5.6 Main Auto Models
    • 4.5.7 V2X
    • 4.5.8 V2X Demo Project
    • 4.5.9 Construction Plan of Charging Station
  • 4.6 Wireless Charging
    • 4.6.1 Principle
    • 4.6.2 Standards
    • 4.6.3 Development
    • 4.6.4 Latest Progress
    • 4.6.5 Technical Route
    • 4.6.6 Status Quo (I)
    • 4.6.7 Status Quo (II)
    • 4.6.8 Status Quo (III)
    • 4.6.9 Solution: Qualcomm Halo
    • 4.6.10 Technical Parameters
    • 4.6.11 Main Wireless Charing Technologies
  • 4.7 G2V/V2G/V2H
    • 4.7.1 Technical principle
    • 4.7.2 V2X Charging and Discharging Technology
    • 4.7.3 V2G Technology
    • 4.7.4 V2G Technical Framework
    • 4.7.5 Vehicle Network Coordination Change the Energy Loss and Peak Load of Disordered Charging
    • 4.7.6 Large Scale Commercialization of V2G Still Needs Time
  • 4.8 BaaS + Battery Swap Network Mode
    • 4.8.1 Development Environment of BaaS + Battery Swap Network
    • 4.8.2 Promotion Value of Battery Swap Mode
    • 4.8.3 Business Mode of Battery Swap
    • 4.8.4 Comparison of Battery Swap Technology and DC Fast Charging Technology
    • 4.8.5 Battery Swap Mode Will Coexist with Charging Mode in China, and the Application Scenario of Operating Vehicles Is Promising
  • 4.9 Flexible Charging Stack
    • 4.9.1 Technology
    • 4.9.2 Advantage
  • 4.10 Status Quo and Trend of Global Charging Technology
  • 4.11 Status Quo and Trend of Chinese Charging Technology

5. Development of Charging Station/Pile in China

  • 5.1 Ownership and Car-to-Pile Ratio of New Energy Vehicles
    • 5.1.1 Ownership and Car-to-Pile Ratio in China
    • 5.1.2 Ownership and Charging Operation Demand of New Energy Vehicles in China
  • 5.2 Operation of Public Charging Pile
    • 5.2.1 Development Course
    • 5.2.2 Distribution
  • 5.3 Distribution and Plan of Charging Facilities (by Province)
    • 5.3.1 Northeast/North China/East China
    • 5.3.2 Central/South China
    • 5.3.3 Southwest/Northwest China
  • 5.4 Highway Charging Stations
    • 5.4.1 Configuration Standard
    • 5.4.2 Charging Mode
    • 5.4.3 Charging Fee
    • 5.4.4 Development Plan
    • 5.4.5 Bidding Number of the State Grid
    • 5.4.6 Bidding Power and Bid-Winning Enterprises of the State Grid
  • 5.5 Competition Pattern of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.5.1 Charging Service Market Competition May Increase Significantly
    • 5.5.2 Competition Pattern of Major Charging Operators
  • 5.6 Profit Model of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.6.1 Operational Value Chain
    • 5.6.2 Business Mode (I)
    • 5.6.3 Business Mode (II)
    • 5.6.4 Head players Have Realized the Break-Even and Started Refined Operations
    • 5.6.5 Innovative Business Models Will Emerge in Succession
    • 5.6.6 Internet + Charging Pile
    • 5.6.7 Single Pile Break-Even Table of Charging Pile
  • 5.7 Development Trend of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.7.1 Main Problems
    • 5.7.2 Suggestions
    • 5.7.3 Charging Network Being an Irresistible Trend for EV Charging Technology

6. Major Charging Operators in China

  • 6.1 TELD
    • 6.1.1 Profile
    • 6.1.2 Financing for Development
    • 6.1.3 Charging Network Solution (1)
    • 6.1.4 Charging Network Solution (2)
    • 6.1.5 Charging Network Solution (3)
    • 6.1.6 Charging Equipment
    • 6.1.7 Intelligent Flexible Charging Bow
    • 6.1.8 Novel High-power Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.1.9 Novel High-power Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.1.10 Safety Assessment of Electric Vehicle Charging System Based on Big Data
    • 6.1.11 Charging Projects in 2020
    • 6.1.12 Charging Equipment Utilization Rate and Charging Capacity
    • 6.1.13 Charging Business Operation Mode
    • 6.1.14 Charging Business Scope
    • 6.1.15 Partners in Charging Business
  • 6.2 Star Charge
    • 6.2.1 Profile
    • 6.2.2 Development History and Financing
    • 6.2.3 Charging Business Operation
    • 6.2.4 Charging Solution
    • 6.2.5 DC Integrated Charger
    • 6.2.6 DC Split Charger
    • 6.2.7 AC Product Line
    • 6.2.8 Product Line for Charging Facilities abroad
    • 6.2.9 Product Line for Control Parts
    • 6.2.10 Application Cases
    • 6.2.11 Partners in Charging Business
  • 6.3 State Grid
    • 6.3.1 Charging Facility Construction Planning
    • 6.3.2 Charging Facility Construction
    • 6.3.3 Highway Charging Network
    • 6.3.4 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.3.5 Charging Facility Tender
  • 6.4 Ykccn.com
    • 6.4.1 Profile
    • 6.4.2 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.4.3 Charging Facility Distribution
  • 6.5 EV Power
    • 6.5.1 Profile
    • 6.5.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.3 AC Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.4 DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.5 Value-added Services
    • 6.5.6 Cloud Edge Integrated Charging Pile Operation Solution (EMQ +EV Power) for Charging in the Community
    • 6.5.7 Charging Facility Distribution
    • 6.5.8 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.5.9 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.6 SAIC Anyo Charging
    • 6.6.1 Profile
    • 6.6.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.6.3 Operation Platform
    • 6.6.4 Charging Facility Application
    • 6.6.5 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.7 Shenzhen CLOU Electronics (www.carenergynet.cn)
    • 6.7.1 Profile
    • 6.7.2 Revenue and Gross Margin
    • 6.7.3 Main Business
    • 6.7.4 Charging Platform
    • 6.7.5 Charging Solution (1)
    • 6.7.6 Charging Solution (2)
    • 6.7.7 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.7.8 Charging Equipment
    • 6.7.9 AC Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.7.10 AC Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.7.11 DC Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.7.12 DC Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.7.13 Charging Facility Distribution
    • 6.7.14 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.8 Potevio New Energy
    • 6.8.1 Profile
    • 6.8.2 Charging Business Scope
    • 6.8.3 Charging Operation Services
    • 6.8.4 Charging Services Operation Case (1)
    • 6.8.6 Charging Intelligent Cloud Management Platform
    • 6.8.7 Charging Business Model
    • 6.8.8 Charging Facility Operation and Distribution
    • 6.8.9 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.9 ICHARGE
    • 6.9.1 Profile
    • 6.9.2 AC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.3 DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.4 Parameters of DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.5 Charging Cloud Platform
    • 6.9.6 Charging Business Operation Case
    • 6.9.7 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.9.8 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.10 Winsky New Energy
    • 6.10.1 Profile
    • 6.10.2 Charging Solution
    • 6.10.3 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.10.4 Charging Facility Operation Case
    • 6.10.5 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.11 Huashang Sanyou
    • 6.11.1 Profile
    • 6.11.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.11.3 Charging Business Operation
  • 6.12 Business Models and Charging Standards of 12 Major Charging Operators in China

7. Charging Facility Layout of Major Automakers

  • 7.1 Wuling
    • 7.1.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.1.2 Charging Facility -Liuzhou Model
    • 7.1.3 Charging Mode Analysis
    • 7.1.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.2 NIO
    • 7.2.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.2.2 Swap Station
    • 7.2.3 Charging Vehicles
    • 7.2.4 Super Charging Station
    • 7.2.5 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.3 Xpeng
    • 7.3.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.3.2 Super Charging Station
    • 7.3.3 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
    • 7.3.4 Usage Process of Charging Facilities
  • 7.4 Tesla
    • 7.4.1 Construction of Super Charging Station
    • 7.4.2 Mobile Charging and Automatic Charging Services
  • 7.5 Changan Automobile
    • 7.5.1 New Energy Household Charging Pile Construction
    • 7.5.2 Construction of New Energy Swap Station
    • 7.5.3 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.6 BYD
    • 7.6.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.6.2 Private Charging Services
    • 7.6.3 Public Charging Services
    • 7.6.4 Mobile Charging Services
    • 7.6.5 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.7 BAIC BJEV
    • 7.7.1 Construction of Swap Station
    • 7.7.2 Construction of ARCFOX Super Charging Station
    • 7.7.3 Private Charging Services
    • 7.7.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.8 Geely
    • 7.8.1 Construction of Swap Station
    • 7.8.2 ZEEKR Super Charging Station
    • 7.8.3 Automatic Charging Services
    • 7.8.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.9 SAIC
    • 7.9.1 Construction of Super Charging Station
    • 7.9.2 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.10 Volkswagen
    • 7.10.1 Global Charging Facility Strategy
    • 7.10.2 Cooperation in Charging Facilities in China
  • 7.11 Other OEMs
    • 7.11.1 Super Charging Station of GAC Aion
    • 7.11.2 Mobile Charging Robot of Aiways Auto
    • 7.11.3 BMW's Cooperative Charging Facilities
  • 7.12 Charging Pile Construction of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.1 Charging Pile Layout of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.2 Super Charging Station Construction of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.3 Swap Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.4 Mobile Charging Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.5 Automatic Charging Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.6 Cost Comparison of Household Basic Charging Facilities of Major Automakers
    • 7.12.7 Installation Comparison of Household Basic Charging Facilities of Major Automakers