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コネクテッドカー開発の進展:技術・市場・標準化

Progress in Connected Car Development: Technologies, Markets, Standardization

出版日: | 発行: PracTel, Inc. | ページ情報: 英文 157 Pages | 納期: 即日から翌営業日

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コネクテッドカー開発の進展:技術・市場・標準化
出版日: 2020年08月31日
発行: PracTel, Inc.
ページ情報: 英文 157 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

ITS (高度道路交通システム) の進歩は現在、「コネクテッドカー」(CC)- 周囲の車やインフラストラクチャとワイヤレスで接続されている移動中の車(および車内のサポート接続)の開発と関連しています。このような自動車は、自動車メーカー、サービスプロバイダー、ユーザーに新たな機会を提供します。CCプログラムは現在、世界中で開発されています。CC通信をサポートするための技術的な選択肢はたくさんありますが、現時点では2つの技術 - 5.9 GHz DSRC および C-V2X - が主導しています。

当レポートでは、世界におけるコネクテッドカー (CC) の開発動向について調査し、 ITSの機能、主要な目標、構造、および市場分析、CCの概念、アプリケーション、プロパティ、詳細、および市場分析、CC通信に適用される5.9 GHz DSRCおよびC-V2X LTE-A技術の比較、LTE技術の分析、およびIEEE 802.11pおよびV2Xに関連する特許の調査などを提供しています。

目次

第1章 イントロダクション

  • 統計
  • 目標
  • 範囲
  • 調査手法
  • 対象読者

第2章ITS:動作システム

  • 全般
  • 構成
    • フォーメーション
    • サブシステム
    • レイヤーとコンポーネント:道路
  • 主要技術
  • ITS標準化:進行中
    • 概要
    • ETSI-欧州
    • 米国
    • 国際
    • 概要
  • ITSの機能
    • インテリジェントインフラストラクチャ
    • インテリジェントビークル
  • ITS市場統計
    • 全般
    • 前提条件
    • 推計

第3章 コネクテッドカーの仕様

  • 全般
    • コネクティビティのタイプ
  • 法律
    • 米国
    • 指示
  • プロパティと要件
    • 方法
    • ネットワーク要件:5G
    • 動作技術
  • 促進要因
  • 主な使用例
  • 市場

第4章 5.9 GHz DSRC

  • 全般
    • 歴史-スペクトル
  • 業界の取り組み-協力
  • 場所
  • 構造とプロトコル
    • 要件
    • マイルストーン
    • IEEE 802.11p
    • IEEE 1609
    • ETSIITS-G5-主な機能
    • ISOおよびDSRC
    • SAEおよびDSRC
  • コンポーネントと手順
    • コンポーネント
    • 手順
  • 主な用途
    • EPS
  • スペクトル-DSRC-国際
    • チャンネル指定
  • サービス
    • 主なサービス
    • サービスカテゴリ/ QoS
    • サービス要件
  • 概要:5.9 GHz DSRC特性
  • メリットとデメリット:5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 全般
    • 通行料業界のメリット
    • 制限事項
  • 比較
    • 915 MHz DSRCおよび5.9 GHz DSRC
    • CEN278(5.8 GHz)DSRCおよび5.9 GHz DSRC
  • 市場セグメント
    • 市場成長要因
    • 市場要件
    • 市場推計
  • 業界
    • 業界連合
    • 最近の進歩
    • ベンダー
      • AutoTalks
      • Cohda Wireless
      • Delphi
      • Kapsch
      • NXP
      • Redpine Signals
      • Qualcomm
      • Savari
      • Unex
      • u-blox
  • ガバナンスとソリューション

第5章 セルラー技術とコネクテッドカー

  • 2つのグループ
  • 3GPPアクティビティ
    • D2Dコミュニケーション
    • C-V2Xブロードキャスト
    • 性能比較
    • さらなるステップ
  • 業界
    • Autotalks
    • AT&T / Audi-Tesla
    • Broadcom
    • Commsignia
    • Cohda Wireless
    • Ficosa
    • GM
    • Savari
    • Qualcomm
    • u-blox

第6章 比較:DSRC-802.11pとC-V2X

  • 全般
  • 詳細
    • 即応性
    • 法律
    • ネットワーキング
    • 範囲
    • タイプ
    • スケーラビリティ
    • 経済
    • 伝送速度
    • 汎用性
    • テレマティクス
    • 5G Vision
  • 動向

第7章 コネクテッドカー-グループとアライアンス

  • Open Automotive Alliance
  • 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
  • Apple - iOS in the Car
  • Connected Vehicle to Everything of Tomorrow Consortium (ConVeX)
  • WWW Consortium
  • GSMA Connected Car Forum
  • Car Connectivity Consortium
  • Towards 5G Partnership
  • 5GAA

第8章 結論

付録I:特許調査-IEEE 802.11p(2017-2019)

付録II:特許調査-Cellular V2X(2017-2019)

付録III:LTE技術と市場

図表

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Road Crashes Statistics
  • Table 2: 5G Network Characteristics
  • Table 3: ETSI ITS-G5 Channels and Services
  • Table 4: Service Categories - DSRC
  • Table 5: Users Service Requirements
  • Table 6: Summary: 5.9 GHz DSRC Characteristics
  • Table 7: 5.9 GHz DSRC Benefits
  • Table 8: 915 MHz and 5.9 GHz DSRC Differences
  • Table 9: LTE - D2D and Broadcast Modes - Features
  • Table 10: Major Features - Comparison
  • Table 11: 3GPP Releases
  • Table 12: LTE Initial Characteristics
  • Table 13: Users Equipment Categories (Initial)
  • Table 14: UE Categories - Extended
目次

This report addresses the current status of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), their structure, major applications, standardization and markets. The Intelligent Transportation Systems aim to improve the economy by reducing the number of road accidents, the amount of car air pollutions and making smooth flow of the traffic.

The advances in the ITS are presently tied with the development of a "connected car" (CC) - a moving car that is wirelessly connected with surrounding cars and the infrastructure (as well as support connectivity inside of a car). Such a car opens a spectrum of new and exciting opportunities for automakers, service providers and users.

CC programs are now under development all around the globe. Though there are many technological choices to support CC communications, two technologies are leading at the present time. They are:

  • 5.9 GHz DSRC, and
  • C-V2X.

The report concentrates on those leaders; and analyzes their characteristics, parameters, marketing statistics, industries and the spectrum of applications. It also compares these technologies and their applicability to CC communications.

5.9 GHz DSRC technology is being tested and trialed in the U.S. for the last 20 years; and a rich collection of communications channels statistics has been gathered. This technology is now in the process of standardization by the U.S. DOT for CC communications. It has many attractions, such as the economies of scale based on the IEEE 802.11p standard, network simplicity and other. It also standardized and accepted in Europe. The report also addresses the current discussion in the industry and the FCC concerning opening the 5.9 GHz band for Wi-Fi communications and related consequences for safety applications.

Utilization LTE-A and its modifications for C-V2X communications attracts users by longer reaches, higher speeds, possibility of low latency (1-3 ms), and utilization of the cellular infrastructure in which CC communications will be only one of many use cases. The standard was finalized in Release 14 of the 3GPP; and the technology is lately under extensive testing and trialing. Two methods are being developed: a) D2D communications, and b) Broadcast communications. They are discussed in the report.

The report details specifics of 5.9 GHz DSRC and LTE-A for CC communications, their marketing aspects, and the related legislative work. It also concentrates on benefits and limitations of each technology and surveys related industries.

At the present time, it is unclear which technology will prevail (or may be both of them will be in use, countries-specific). Realizing this, the industry concentrated attention on design and production of electronics that can support both technologies in one package - this is the current main trend in CC communications chipsets manufacturing.

The report is intended for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the ITS development; and particular concerns with marketing and technological aspects of a connected car; and for specialists in communications technologies that support advances in connected cars programs. For them, it will provide the following up-to-date information and results of the analysis:

  • ITS features, major goals, structure and market analysis
  • CC concept, applications, properties, specifics and market analysis
  • CC 5.9 GHz DSRC technology, standardization, protocols, industry and market analysis
  • C-V2X LTE-A technology, standardization process, specifics and current status
  • Comparison 5.9 GHz DSRC and C-V2X LTE-A technologies as they apply to CC communications
  • Analysis of the LTE technology: benefits, properties, industry and market
  • Survey of patents related to IEEE 802.11p and V2X.

Table of Contents

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. Statistics
  • 1.2. Goal
  • 1.3. Scope
  • 1.4. Research Methodology
  • 1.5. Target Audience

2.0. ITS: System in Actions

  • 2.1. General
  • 2.2. Composition
    • 2.2.1. Formation
    • 2.2.2. Subsystems
    • 2.2.3. Layers and Components-Roadways
  • 2.3. Key Technologies
  • 2.4. ITS Standardization: In Progress
    • 2.4.1. Overview
    • 2.4.2. ETSI - Europe
    • 2.4.3. U.S.
      • 2.4.3.1. General
      • 2.4.3.2. National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP)
        • 2.4.3.2.1. Scope
        • 2.4.3.2.2. Family
    • 2.4.4. International
      • 2.4.4.1. General
      • 2.4.4.2. ITU
    • 2.4.5. Summary
  • 2.5. ITS Functionalities
    • 2.5.1. Intelligent Infrastructure
    • 2.5.2. Intelligent Vehicles
  • 2.6. ITS Market Statistics
    • 2.6.1. General
    • 2.6.2. Assumptions
    • 2.6.3. Estimate

3.0. Connected Car Specifics

  • 3.1. General
    • 3.1.1. Types of Connectivity
  • 3.2. Legislation
    • 3.2.1. U.S.
      • 3.2.1.1. NHTSA Actions and Plans
    • 3.2.2. Directions
      • 3.2.2.1. EU and England
      • 3.2.2.2. Varieties
  • 3.3. Properties and Requirements
    • 3.3.1. Methods
    • 3.3.2. Network Requirements: 5G
    • 3.3.3. Functional Technologies
  • 3.4. Driving Forces
  • 3.5. Major Use Cases
  • 3.6. Market

4.0. 5.9. GHz DSRC

  • 4.1. General
    • 4.1.1. History- Spectrum
      • 4.1.1.1. Recent Developments - Spectrum Sharing - Opinions
  • 4.2. Industry Efforts - Cooperation
  • 4.3. Place
  • 4.4. Structure and Protocols
    • 4.4.1. Requirements
    • 4.4.2. Milestones
    • 4.4.3. IEEE 802.11p
      • 4.4.3.1. General
      • 4.4.3.2. Objectives and Status
      • 4.4.3.3. ASTM Contributions
      • 4.4.3.4. Characteristics
    • 4.4.4. IEEE 1609
      • 4.4.4.1. General
      • 4.4.4.2. Overview
      • 4.4.4.3. IEEE 1609 in Use
    • 4.4.5. ETSI ITS-G5 - Major Features
    • 4.4.6. ISO and DSRC
    • 4.4.7. SAE and DSRC
  • 4.5. Components and Procedures
    • 4.5.1. Components
    • 4.5.2. Procedures
  • 4.6. Major Applications
    • 4.6.1. EPS
  • 4.7. Spectrum - DSRC - International
    • 4.7.1. Channels Designation
  • 4.8. Services
    • 4.8.1. Major Services
    • 4.8.2. Service Categories/QoS
    • 4.8.3. Service Requirements
  • 4.9. Summary: 5.9 GHz DSRC Characteristics
  • 4.10. Benefits and Limitations - 5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 4.10.1. General
    • 4.10.2. Toll Industry Benefits
    • 4.10.3. Limitations
  • 4.11. Comparison
    • 4.11.1. 915 MHz DSRC and 5.9 GHz DSRC
    • 4.11.2. CEN278 (5.8 GHz) DSRC and 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • 4.12. Market Segment
    • 4.12.1. Market Drivers
    • 4.12.2. Market Requirements
    • 4.12.3. Market Estimate
  • 4.13. Industry
    • 4.13.1. Industry Coalition
    • 4.13.2. Recent Progress
    • 4.13.3. Vendors
      • AutoTalks
      • Cohda Wireless
      • Delphi
      • Kapsch
      • NXP
      • Redpine Signals
      • Qualcomm
      • Savari
      • Unex
      • u-blox
  • 4.14. Governing and Solutions

5.0. Cellular Technologies and Connected Car

  • 5.1. Two Groups
  • 5.2. 3GPP Activities
    • 5.2.1. D2D Communications
    • 5.2.2. C-V2X Broadcast
    • 5.2.3. Performance Comparison
    • 5.2.4. Further Steps
  • 5.3. Industry
    • Autotalks
    • AT&T/Audi-Tesla
    • Broadcom
    • Commsignia
    • Cohda Wireless
    • Ficosa
    • GM
    • Savari
    • Qualcomm
    • u-blox

6.0. Comparison: DSRC-802.11p and C-V2X

  • 6.1. General
  • 6.2. Details
    • 6.2.1. Readiness
    • 6.2.2. Legislation
    • 6.2.3. Networking
    • 6.2.4. Range
    • 6.2.5. Response
    • 6.2.6. Scalability
    • 6.2.7. Economics
    • 6.2.8. Speed of Transmission
    • 6.2.9. Versatility
    • 6.2.10. Telematics
    • 6.2.11. 5G Vision
      • 6.2.11.1. Potential benefits of LTE-based V2X
  • 6.3. Trend

7.0. Connected Car - Groups and Alliances

  • 7.1. Open Automotive Alliance
  • 7.2. 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
  • 7.3. Apple - iOS in the Car
  • 7.4. Connected Vehicle to Everything of Tomorrow Consortium (ConVeX)
  • 7.5. WWW Consortium
  • 7.6. GSMA Connected Car Forum
  • 7.7. Car Connectivity Consortium
  • 7.8. Towards 5G Partnership
  • 7.9. 5GAA

8.0. Conclusions

Appendix I: Patents Survey - IEEE 802.11p (2017-2019)

Appendix II: Patents Survey - Cellular V2X (2017-2019)

Appendix III: LTE Technology and Markets

  • A.1. De-Facto Standard
  • A.2. Broadband Wireless Communications Stages
    • A.2.1. LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration
      • A.2.1.1. Industry Initiative
      • A.2.1.2. LTE Timetable
      • A.2.1.3. 3GPP Releases
  • A.3. Key Features of LTE
    • A.3.1. Comparison
  • A.4. Details
    • A.4.1. Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) - eNB
    • A.4.2. UE Categories
    • A.4.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
    • A.4.4. LTE Layers
  • A.5. LTE Advanced
  • A.6. Self-organized Network (SON)
  • A.7. Market: LTE
    • A.7.1. General
    • A.7.2. Market Drivers
    • A.7.3. Demand: Wireless Broadband
    • A.7.4. LTE Market Projections
  • A.8. Summary: LTE Benefits
  • A.9. Industry
    • Aricent
    • AceAxis
    • Cisco
    • CommAgility
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Huawei
    • Lime Microsystems
    • Motorola Solutions
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Sequans
    • TI
    • u-blox
    • ZTE

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Wireless Communications: ITS Environment
  • Figure 2: Europe - Standardization Organizations
  • Figure 3: Standardization Organizations - ITS U.S.
  • Figure 4: NTCIP Structure
  • Figure 5: International -Standardization Bodies
  • Figure 6: Estimate: Global ITS Market ($B)
  • Figure 7: Estimate: ITS WICT- Global Market ($B)
  • Figure 8: ITS Equipment Sales by Regions ($B)
  • Figure 9: NHTSA DSRC Project - Prior 2015
  • Figure 10: NHTSA - Further DSRC Project Development
  • Figure 11: Connected Car: Network Requirements
  • Figure 12: Connected Car: Communications Technologies
  • Figure 13: Estimate - Connected Car Market Value - Global ($B)
  • Figure 14: Estimate - Global - Service Providers Revenue - Connected Car ($B)
  • Figure 15: Estimate - Global Auto Market - CC Sales (Mil.)
  • Figure 16: 5.9 GHz DSRC - Frequencies Allocation and Channelization
  • Figure 17: DSRC - Modified Spectrum
  • Figure 18: Industry Cooperation
  • Figure 19: ITS-5.9 GHz DSRC - Illustration
  • Figure 20: Communications Model - 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • Figure 21: 802.11p - Communications
  • Figure 22: 1609 Protocol - Illustration
  • Figure 23: Signals Logical Flow - 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • Figure 24: Collision Detection/Avoidance System
  • Figure 25: Work Zone Warning
  • Figure 26: "Smart" Car
  • Figure 27: DSRC Worldwide - Spectrum Allocation
  • Figure 28: DSRC: Spectrum Allocation Details (Global)
  • Figure 29: Channel Assignment - 5.9 GHz DSRC U.S.
  • Figure 30: 5.9 GHz DSRC Transmission Characteristics and Channelization
  • Figure 31: Spectrum Details - Overlapping Wi-Fi
  • Figure 32: Major Categories-DSRC Services
  • Figure 33: 5.9 GHz DSRC Rate vs. Distance
  • Figure 34: 5.9 GHz DSRC Protocols - Summary
  • Figure 35: Estimate: CC Market Value- U.S. - 5.9 GHz DSRC ($B)
  • Figure 36: C-V2X Modes of Communications
  • Figure 37: 3GPP Schedule - D2D Communications (V2X)
  • Figure 38: D2D Communications - Evolution
  • Figure 39: LTE ProSe Functions - Discovery and Communications
  • Figure 40: Further Evolution - C-V2X
  • Figure 41: Networking
  • Figure 42: C-V2X Development Time Schedule (2018)
  • Figure 43: Evolution Path
  • Figure 44: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband
  • Figure 45: Release 15 Timeline
  • Figure 46: LTE - IP
  • Figure 47: Major LTE Advantages
  • Figure 48: LTE - Reference Architecture
  • Figure 49: LTE Layers
  • Figure 50: Estimate: LTE-Subscribers' Base-Global (Bil)
  • Figure 51: LTE Equipment Global Sales ($B)
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