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市場調査レポート

ヘルスケア・ウェルネスにおけるワイヤレスの役割:標準化・アプリケーション・市場

Role of Wireless ICT in Healthcare and Wellness - Standardization, Applications and Markets

発行 Practel, Inc. 商品コード 536518
出版日 ページ情報 英文 184 Pages
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ヘルスケア・ウェルネスにおけるワイヤレスの役割:標準化・アプリケーション・市場 Role of Wireless ICT in Healthcare and Wellness - Standardization, Applications and Markets
出版日: 2017年08月03日 ページ情報: 英文 184 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、医療用途におけるワイヤレス通信規格の重要性に注目し、WBAN/MWBAN の技術・経済的特徴、通信規格、トランスポート技術に関する情報のアップデート、および近年商業化されたワイヤレス技術の詳細分析などを提供しています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 WBAN (ワイヤレスボディエリアネットワーク) / MWBAN (医療用WBAN) の特徴

  • 一般
  • 理由
  • 定義
  • 構造
  • 概要
  • WBANの仕様
  • グループ
  • FCC - 周波数規制:MBANおよび関連性

第3章 標準化:医療環境 - ワイヤレス通信

  • 一般
  • IEEE 802.15.6:詳細
  • IEEE 802.15.4j:Medical WBAN (MWBAN)
  • ISO/IEEE 11073:パーソナルヘルスデータ
  • ETSI Healthcare:関連プロジェクト
  • ISO Work
  • FDA ガイダンス
  • ITU
  • コンティニュア・ヘルス・アライアンス

第4章 WBANアプリケーション・産業・市場

  • アプリケーション
  • 市場検討事項
  • 産業
  • 現在・将来の動向:WBAN

第5章 トランスポートWICT:ヘルスケア

  • IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth-BT)
  • ZigBee
  • VLC (可視光通信)
  • 医療におけるNFC (近距離無線通信)
  • 結論

付録I:IEEE 802.15.4a - 2007年

付録II:VLC - 関連特許調査 (2015-2017年)

目次

At the present time, in the U.S. and many other developed countries healthcare development and its quality are suffering due to:

  • Necessity of continuous increase in the government spending/support
  • Unstoppable increase in the service cost
  • Deterioration of services.

One technology, which is gradually becoming a powerful tool to improve healthcare is wireless communications. This technology is enhancing patients' monitoring, relieves medical staff from routine procedures, and reduces probability of medical mistakes. Bidirectional wireless communications channels also allow, if it is necessary, to respond on the received information to correct the patient treatment.

The report emphasizes the importance of wireless communications standardization for medical applications. To show this, the report conducted a detailed analysis of technical and economical characteristics of WBAN (Wireless Body Area Networks) and MWBAN - Medical WBANs. Standards and regulatory documents issued by the IEEE, ETSI, ITU, ISO, FCC, FDA and Continua related to the report subject are also addressed.

The report also updates the information on transport technologies that are used to support the 11073 and connectivity standards - Bluetooth, Near Field Communications and ZigBee - to show their place in improving patients' monitoring conditions and in patients' general care. Technical and economical characteristics of these technologies as well as their markets are analyzed.

The report also provides a detailed analysis of a recently commercialized wireless technology - Visible Light Communications (VLC), emphasizing its wide open opportunities for medical applications. Particular, it may provide reliable and secure communications in the hospital environment where use of RF signals for communications is not allowed (OR, MRI and similar). VLC technical and economical characteristics are addressed; and their place in medical applications is shown. The survey of patents related to VLC (2015-2017) is conducted.

Surveys of related industries are also presented.

The report is written for service providers, IT departments of hospitals and other medical organizations, retail operators, vendors, network operators and managers, investors and end users seeking to gain deeper understanding wireless communications medical/wellness applications.

For systems integrators, the report provides an analysis and assessment of competing products currently available to support healthcare and wellness as well as an estimation of the overall opportunities in the coming years.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Scope
    • 1.2.1 Choices
  • 1.3 Status
  • 1.4 Requirements: WICT Devices in Healthcare
  • 1.5 WBAN - WMBAN
  • 1.6 Bluetooth
  • 1.7 ZigBee
  • 1.8 Visible Light Communications (VLC)
  • 1.9 NFC
  • 1.10 Demand
  • 1.11 Crisis
  • 1.12 Focus
  • 1.13 Research Methodology
  • 1.14 Target Audience

2.0 WBAN/MWBAN Properties

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Reasons
  • 2.3 Definition
  • 2.4 Structure
  • 2.5 Overview
  • 2.6 WBAN Specifics
  • 2.7 Groups
    • 2.7.1 By Application
    • 2.7.2 By Transmission Medium
    • 2.7.3 By Number of Nodes
    • 2.7.4 By Environment
    • 2.7.5 By Radio Type
    • 2.7.6 By Place
    • 2.7.7 By Response
    • 2.7.8 By Condition
    • 2.7.9 By Spectrum
  • 2.8 FCC - Frequencies Regulations: MBAN and Related

3.0 Standardization: Medical Environment - Wireless Communications

  • 3.1 General
  • 3.2 IEEE 802.15.6: Details
    • 3.2.1 Scope
    • 3.2.2 Status
    • 3.2.3 Structure
      • 3.2.3.1 Nodes
    • 3.2.4 Major Characteristics
      • 3.2.4.1 Specifics
      • 3.2.4.2 Overview
      • 3.2.4.3 Use Cases
        • 3.2.4.3.1 Major Medical Use Cases
      • 3.2.4.4 Modifications
        • 3.2.4.4.1 PHYs
          • 3.2.4.4.1.1 Narrow Band PHY
          • 3.2.4.4.1.2 UWB PHY
          • 3.2.4.4.1.3 HBC PHY
        • 3.2.4.4.2 MAC
      • 3.2.4.5 Security
      • 3.2.4.6 Power Savings
    • 3.2.5 Summary
  • 3.3 IEEE 802.15.4j - Medical WBAN (MWBAN)
    • 3.3.1 Scope
    • 3.3.2 Differences
    • 3.3.3 Timeline
    • 3.3.4 Characteristics
      • 3.3.4.1 Spectrum and Channels Plan
      • 3.3.4.2 Major Parameters
    • 3.3.5 Benefits
  • 3.4 ISO/IEEE 11073 - Personal Health Data
    • 3.4.1 Beginning
    • 3.4.2 Family
    • 3.4.3 IEEE 11073 Characteristics
  • 3.5 ETSI Healthcare-related Projects
    • 3.5.1 eHEALTH
    • 3.5.2 ETSI TR 101 557 V1.1.1 (2012-02) - MBANS
      • 3.5.2.1 General
      • 3.5.2.2 ETSI - MBANS
      • 3.5.2.3 Market Characteristics
      • 3.5.2.4 Technical Details
    • 3.5.3 ETSI EN 303-203 V2.1.1 (2015-11)
  • 3.6 ISO Work
  • 3.7 FDA Guidance
  • 3.8 ITU
  • 3.9 Continua

4.0 WBAN Applications, Industry and Market

  • 4.1 Applications
    • 4.1.1 Healthcare
    • 4.1.2 Wellness
    • 4.1.3 First Responders and Military
  • 4.2 Market Considerations
  • 4.3 Industry
    • AirStrip Technologies
    • ANT
    • GE
    • Intelesens
    • Intel
    • Lamprey Networks
    • Medtronic
    • Motorola Solutions
    • Microcemi
    • Nokia
    • Siemens
    • Toumaz
    • Vivago
    • VitaMove
  • 4.4 Current and Future Trends - WBAN
    • 4.4.1 5G and Healthcare

5.0 Transport WICT: Healthcare

  • 5.1 IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth-BT)
    • 5.1.1 BT Protocol Stack
    • 5.1.2 Specifications
      • 5.1.2.1 BT Core Specification
        • 5.1.2.1.1 Bluetooth 5 Core Specification
    • 5.1.3 BT Profiles
    • 5.1.4 Power Consumption - ULP/BLE
    • 5.1.5 Health Device Profile
      • 5.1.5.1 IEEE 11073 and BT
    • 5.1.6 Highlights
      • 5.1.6.1 The Standard
      • 5.1.6.2 The Technology
      • 5.1.6.3 Evolution
    • 5.1.7 Market Estimate
    • 5.1.8 BT Industry-HDP
      • Bluegiga (a Silicon Labs Company)
      • Cambridge Consultants
      • Laird Technologies
      • Nonin
      • Omron
      • Nordic Semiconductor
      • Stollmann
  • 5.2 ZigBee
    • 5.2.1 General
    • 5.2.2 Technology
      • 5.2.2.1 Major Features
    • 5.2.3 Device Types
    • 5.2.4 Protocol Stack
      • 5.2.4.1 Security
    • 5.2.5 Battery Life
    • 5.2.6 ZigBee Technology Benefits and Limitations
    • 5.2.7 Applications Specifics
      • 5.2.7.1 Personal, Home and Hospital Care (PHHC) Profile
        • 5.2.7.1.1 Objectives
        • 5.2.7.1.2 Details
        • 5.2.7.1.3 Use Cases
    • 5.2.8 Market
      • 5.2.8.1 Segments
      • 5.2.8.2 Forecast
    • 5.2.9 Industry
      • Amber (RF Systems)
      • Atmel (Chipsets) -acquired by Microchip in 2016
      • CEL (modules)
      • Digi (Radio)
      • Freescale (Health Care) - acquired by NXP in 2016
      • Philips Applied Technologies (Healthcare)
      • Proventix
      • Silicon Laboratories (Chipsets, Modules)
      • Synapse (Module, Protocols)
      • TI (Chipsets)
  • 5.3 Visible Light Communications
    • 5.3.1 General
    • 5.3.2 Medical Applications
    • 5.3.3 VLC - Innovation
    • 5.3.4 LED Specifics
      • 5.3.4.1 Properties
      • 5.3.4.2 Spectrum
    • 5.3.5 Types
    • 5.3.6 LED Modulation
      • 5.3.6.1 Limitations
    • 5.3.7 LED - Dual Functionality
    • 5.3.8 Developments - History
    • 5.3.9 Technical/Economic Characteristics
    • 5.3.10 Communications Aspects: VLC
      • 5.3.10.1 Place
      • 5.3.10.2 Drivers
      • 5.3.10.3 Industry Activity
        • 5.3.10.4 VLC Standards Development
          • 5.3.10.4.1 IEEE 802.15.7 Standard
            • 5.3.10.4.1.1 Considerations
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2 Project
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.1 Coexistence
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.2 Scope
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.3 Base
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.4 Use Cases
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5 Physical Layer
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.1 Tasks
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.2 Responsibilities
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.3 Types
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.4 Error Protection
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.5 Rates
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.6 Frequency Plan
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.7 PHY Services
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.8 Regulations
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.6 MAC Layer
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.6.1 Functionalities
                • 5.3.10.4.1.2.6.2 Channel Access
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.7 Security
          • 5.3.10.4.2 JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association) Standards
            • 5.3.10.4.2.1 JEITA CP-1221
            • 5.3.10.4.2.2 JEITA CP-1222
            • 5.3.10.4.2.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
          • 5.3.10.4.3 Visible Light Communications Association (VLCA)
        • 5.3.10.5 Li-Fi Consortium
          • 5.3.10.5.1 Optical Mobility Technology
          • 5.3.10.5.2 Li-Fi Network
        • 5.3.10.6 ARIB T50
        • 5.3.10.7 ECMA 397-2010
    • 5.3.11 VLC Channel-Details
      • 5.3.11.1 General
      • 5.3.11.2 Functionality
      • 5.3.11.3 Transmitter
      • 5.3.11.4 Receiver
        • 5.3.11.4.1 Image Sensors
        • 5.3.11.4.2 LED as Receiver
      • 5.3.11.5 Major Characteristics
        • 5.3.11.5.1 General
        • 5.3.11.5.2 Modulation
        • 5.3.11.5.3 Characteristics Summary
      • 5.3.11.6 Emerging Areas
      • 5.3.11.7 Limitations
    • 5.3.12 Applications: Summary
      • 5.3.12.1 Indoor VLC Channel: Medical Environment
    • 5.3.13 Industry
      • Axrtek
      • Casio
      • eldoLED
      • Firefly Wireless Networks
      • Fraunhofer IPMS
      • LVX
      • Luciom
      • Nakagawa Laboratories
      • NEC
      • Oledcomm
      • Outstanding Technology
      • PureLi-Fi
      • Qualcomm
      • Siemens
      • Supreme Architecture
      • Tamura
    • 5.3.14 Market
  • 5.4 Near Field Communications in Healthcare
    • 5.4.1 Principle
    • 5.4.2 Characteristics
    • 5.4.3 Modes
    • 5.4.4 Standards
      • 5.4.4.1 General
      • 5.4.4.2 ECMA - Near Field Communication Interface and Protocol (NFCIP-1)
      • 5.4.4.3 ECMA-352 - NFCIP-2
      • 5.4.4.4 ISO
      • 5.4.4.5 NFC Forum
    • 5.4.5 Progress: Healthcare
      • 5.4.5.1 General
      • 5.4.5.2 Developments
      • 5.4.5.3 Market Sizing
  • 6.0 Conclusions

Attachment I: IEEE 802.15.4a-2007

Attachment II: VLC - related Patents Survey (2015-2017)

  • Figure 1: WBAN Illustration
  • Figure 2: Intelligent Sensor
  • Figure 3: Characteristics Comparison
  • Figure 4: IEEE 802.15.6: Process
  • Figure 5: WBAN Network Arrangement
  • Figure 6: IEEE 802.15.6 Areas of Applicability
  • Figure 7: 802.15.6 - PHY and MAC
  • Figure 8: Network Topology - WBANs
  • Figure 9: ISO/IEEE 11073 Protocol Family
  • Figure 10: Estimate: Patient Wireless Monitoring Devices Sales - Europe ($M)
  • Figure 11: Illustration-Applications
  • Figure 12: Estimate: U.S. Healthcare Expenditures ($T)
  • Figure 13: Estimate: U.S. WBAN Equipment Sales - Medical Applications ($B)
  • Figure 14: Estimate - U.S. First Responders WBAN Equipment Sales ($B)
  • Figure 15: Estimate: Global Market- Medical Devices Connectivity ($B)
  • Figure 16: Bluetooth Protocol Stack
  • Figure 17: BT ULP Layers
  • Figure 18: BT HDP Building Blocks
  • Figure 19: Estimate: Global Sales of BT Modules (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 20: Estimate: Global Seles of BT Modules ($B)
  • Figure 21: BT Market Geographical Segmentation
  • Figure 22: Estimate- BT- HDP Modules Global Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 23: Estimate: BT- HDP Modules Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 24: ZigBee Channels
  • Figure 25: ZigBee Protocol Stack
  • Figure 26: ZigBee Applications
  • Figure 27: Estimate: ZigBee Modules Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 28: Estimate: ZigBee Modules Global Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 29: Estimate: ZigBee PHHC Modules Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 30: Estimate: ZigBee PHHC Modules Global Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 31: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2017)
  • Figure 32: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2021)
  • Figure 33: LED Structure
  • Figure 34: Spectrum (450-750 nm - visible)
  • Figure 35: LED Properties Illustration
  • Figure 36: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market ($B)
  • Figure 37: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 38: Estimate: Global Lighting LED Market ($B)
  • Figure 39: Cost and Brightness - Light Sources
  • Figure 40: WPAN/WLAN Family and VLC
  • Figure 41: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 42: VLC Applications
  • Figure 43: Estimate: VLC Market - Global ($B)
  • Figure 44: VLC Market Geography (2017)
  • Figure 45: Spectrum - NFC
  • Figure 46: Standardization
  • Figure 47: NFC ECMA and ISO Standards
  • Figure 48: Architecture - NFC Forum
  • Figure 49: Estimate: Global Market - NFC in Healthcare/Fitness ($B)
  • Table 1: ZigBee and 802.15.6 Radios
  • Table 2: Sensors Placement
  • Table 3: MedRadio Frequencies
  • Table 4: Allowable Power Density
  • Table 5: NB PHY Characteristics
  • Table 6: HBC PHY Characteristics
  • Table 7: Summary - 802.15.6 Major Features
  • Table 8: Modulation Parameters: 802.15.4j
  • Table 9: Transports: IEEE 1073
  • Table 10: WBAN Healthcare Major Applications
  • Table 11: Allowable Data Exchange Specifications for HDP
  • Table 12: ZigBee Public Profiles - Examples
  • Table 13: Wavelengths (nm)
  • Table 14: Laser vs. LED
  • Table 15: Use Cases - VLC
  • Table 16: Devices and Characteristics - VLC
  • Table 17: Frequency Plan - 802.15.7
  • Table 18: VLC/RF Properties
  • Table 19: VL, IR and RF Communications: ITS Applications
  • Table 20: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
  • Table 21: NFC Features Comparison
  • Table 22: NFC History
  • Table 23: NFC Development
  • Table 24: NFC Modes of Operations
  • Table 25: Standard Bands
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