市場調査レポート

スペクトル:アダプティブワイヤレス通信

Spectrum - Adaptive Wireless Communications

発行 Practel, Inc. 商品コード 342252
出版日 ページ情報 英文 166 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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スペクトル:アダプティブワイヤレス通信 Spectrum - Adaptive Wireless Communications
出版日: 2015年10月20日 ページ情報: 英文 166 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、瞬間空間/時間座標に従ってスペクトルのアダプティブな利用を可能にするコグニティブ無線/ソフトウェア定義無線 (CR/SDR) に基づいた現代の通信技術について分析しており、主要先進諸国におけるCR/SDRの規制環境の概要、CR/SDR標準化プロセスの分析、CR/SDR技術市場の概要、TVWS開発の概要、FCC・Ofcomなどの規制環境の分析、利用例、および特許分析などをまとめています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 相乗効果:ソフトウェア定義およびコグニティブ無線

  • 概要
  • 目的
  • 定義 (WIF・FCC・ITU)
    • SDR
    • コグニティブ無線
  • 規制
    • FCC
    • ITU
    • Ofcom
  • 標準化団体の取り組み
    • ITU-R
    • ETSI
    • 3GPP
    • IEEE
    • NASA
  • デザインの問題
  • 特徴
    • レイヤー
    • 機能:詳細
    • 問題
  • SDRの実行
  • アプリケーション
    • 商用
    • 軍事におけるSDR/CR
    • 公衆安全通信 (PSC)
  • SDR/CR:メリット
  • 影響 - CR
    • 地域による違い
  • 市場
    • 環境
    • コスト
    • 異なる展望
    • 市場成長促進因子:サマリー
    • 市場予測
  • 業界
    • Aeronix (SDR Components)
    • Adapt4 (CR)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR 基地局)
    • AirSpan (BS)
    • Airbus DS
    • Alcatel-Lucent (基地局)
    • Analog Devises (チップ、ほか)
    • Cambridge Consultants (PHY, 基地局)
    • Carlson Wireless (プラットフォーム)
    • Coherent Logix (SDR)
    • General Dynamics (SDR)
    • DataSoft (SDR 設計, SW)
    • Datron World Communications (SDR)
    • Digital Receiver Technology (無線モジュール)
    • Elbit
    • Ettus Research (プラットフォーム)
    • Etherstack (ソフトウェア)
    • Ericsson (BS)
    • Green Hills (ソフトウェア)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (プラットフォーム)
    • Intel (プラットフォーム)
    • Lockheed Martin (SDR)
    • Lyrtech (DSP ・ FPGA 開発ソリューション)
    • Motorola Solutions (BS)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (基地局)
    • Northrup Grumman
    • Objective Interface Systems (ソフトウェア)
    • Octasic (SDR)
    • PrismTech (SDR 開発環境)
    • Redline Communications (プラットフォーム)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Saankhya Labs (チップet)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (プラットフォーム)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (チップ)
    • Vanu (基地局)
    • Xilinx (チップ, SDR 開発キット)
    • xG Technology (CR)
    • ZTE (プラットフォーム)
  • CR/SDR商業用途:ホワイトスペース通信
    • 概要
    • 定義:TVWS
    • ルーツ
    • FCC活動
    • 日本
    • 欧州およびその他の諸国
    • エコシステムおよび利用例
    • WS通信規格
  • 業界
    • Adaptrum
    • ATDI
    • Aviacomm
    • Carlson Wireless
    • KTS Wireless
    • Metric Systems
    • Neul (Huawei に買収:2014年)
    • Redline Communications
    • Shared Spectrum Company
    • Sinecom
    • Saankhya Labs
    • Spectrum Bridge
    • TI/Azcom
  • 市場
  • トライアル・プロジェクト

第3章 結論

付録I

付録II

付録III

図表

目次

Wireless communications is under stress due to a rapid growth of traffic volume and limited available spectrum. This tendency necessitates rational utilization of this frequency spectrum, which became the most expensive entity in wireless networking. Meanwhile, multiple industry studies show that available licensed frequency spectrum is extremely underutilized. The relatively low utilization of the licensed spectrum suggests that spectrum scarcity, as perceived today, is largely due to inefficient fixed frequency allocations rather than any physical shortage of spectrum.

The report analyzes modern communications technologies based on Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio (CR/SDR) that allow adaptive use of the spectrum in accordance with instantaneous space/time coordinates. The CR technology is heavily dependent upon the SDR technology as radio needs to be configurable according to the prevailing spectrum environment.

Current technologies for dynamic spectrum access largely rely on database-managed approaches. Standards are also emerging that incorporate cognitive elements, where devices can adapt their operating parameters in conjunction with a centralized database. Autonomous cognitive capabilities through sensing techniques at the device level would, where feasible, offer far greater flexibility for future sharing, These emerging techniques could be used within a number of bands across the radio spectrum to deliver different types of wireless service, and could play a role in making more efficient use of spectrum by improving channel throughput within shared operating environments.

Related to CR/SDR standards and markets are subjects of this report research. As an example, one of the first commercial CR/SDR application - TV White Space (TVWS) communications is being discussed. The survey of multiple vendors' portfolios was conducted.

  • 1. The CR/SDR technologies, applications, the industry and markets analyses have been performed to show roots of TVWS communications.
  • 2. TVWS communications origin, properties, regulations, standards and the industry have been analyzed.

The report concludes that development of CR/SDR for WS and particular TVWS communications opens a door to utilization previously unused windows of wireless spectrum saving valuable resources and contributing into growth of the economy.

This report, in particular, provides:

  • CR/SDR-
    • An overview of the regulatory climate for CR/SDR in major developed countries.
    • The analysis of the CR/SDR standardization process
    • An overview CR/SDR technologies specifics
    • The analysis of CR/SDR applications, including military, Public Safety Communications, and commercial
    • The analysis of market drivers from perspective of various industry and users groups
    • Analyses of CR/SDR global market trends, with projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs): 2015- 2019.
    • Market intelligence on SDR based solutions in the commercial, government, and military industry segments.
    • Market geographical specifics
    • Estimate of major market components
    • Information on key suppliers of CR/SDR products and their profiles.
  • TVWS-
    • Overview of TVWS developmental cycles
    • Analysis of the regulatory climate: FCC, Ofcom, other
    • Use cases
    • Standardization: IEEE, ETSI, ECMA, IETF
    • Survey of the industry
    • Marketing considerations
  • Patents Survey-
    • WS communication - related patents identified and information provided (limited to patents approved in 2015).
    • CR - related patents identified and information provided (limited to patents approved in 2015).

The report is written for a wide audience of researches, engineers and managers that are involved in the development and utilization of cognitive radios and related technologies.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Traffic Growth
  • 1.2 Price of Spectrum
  • 1.3 Methods
  • 1.4 Working Together
  • 1.5 Scope
  • 1.6 Research Methodology
  • 1.7 Target Audience

2.0 Synergy: Software Defined and Cognitive Radios

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Purpose
  • 2.3 Definitions (WIF, FCC, ITU)
    • 2.3.1 SDR
      • 2.3.1.1 Multi-tiers: SDR
    • 2.3.2 Cognitive Radio
      • 2.3.2.1 Details
  • 2.4 Regulations
    • 2.4.1 FCC
      • 2.4.1.1 Equipment Type
      • 2.4.1.2 Process
      • 2.4.1.3 Application Guide
      • 2.4.1.4 First Approval
    • 2.4.2 ITU
    • 2.4.3 Ofcom
  • 2.5 Standardization Organizations Efforts
    • 2.5.1 ITU-R
    • 2.5.2 ETSI
      • 2.5.2.2 Major Points
    • 2.5.3 3GPP
    • 2.5.4 IEEE
    • 2.5.5 NASA
  • 2.6 Design Issues
  • 2.7 Properties
    • 2.7.1 Layers
    • 2.7.2 Features: Details
      • 2.7.2.1 Versatility
    • 2.7.3 Issues
  • 2.8 SDR Implementations
  • 2.9 Applications
    • 2.9.1 Commercial
    • 2.9.2 SDR/CR in Military
      • 2.9.2.1 SCA
        • 2.9.2.1.1 ESSOR: European Secure SOftware Defined Radio
    • 2.9.3 Public Safety Communications (PSC)
  • 2.10 SDR/CR: Benefits
  • 2.11 Impact - CR
    • 2.11.1 Geographical Differences
  • 2.12 Market
    • 2.12.1 Landscape
      • 2.12.1.1 Factors
    • 2.12.2 Cost
    • 2.12.3 Different Perspective
    • 2.12.4 Market Drivers-Summary
    • 2.12.5 Market Forecast
      • 2.12.5.1 Model Assumptions
      • 2.12.5.2 Estimate
      • 2.12.5.3 Segments
      • 2.12.5.4 Geography
      • 2.12.5.5 Components
  • 2.13 Industry
    • Aeronix (SDR Components)
    • Adapt4 (CR)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)
    • AirSpan (BS)
    • Airbus DS
    • Alcatel-Lucent (Base Stations)
    • Analog Devises (Chipsets)
    • Cambridge Consultants (PHY, Base Station)
    • Carlson Wireless (Platform)
    • Coherent Logix (SDR)
    • General Dynamics (SDR)
    • DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)
    • Datron World Communications (SDR)
    • Digital Receiver Technology (Radio Modules)
    • Elbit
    • Ettus Research (Platform)
    • Etherstack (Software)
    • Ericsson (BS)
    • Green Hills (Software)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (Platform)
    • Intel (Platform)
    • Lockheed Martin (SDR)
    • Lyrtech (DSP and FPGA development solutions)
    • Motorola Solutions (BS)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (Base Station)
    • Northrup Grumman
    • Objective Interface Systems (Software)
    • Octasic (SDR)
    • PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)
    • Redline Communications (Platform)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Saankhya Labs (Chipset)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (Chips)
    • Vanu (Base Stations)
    • Xilinx (Chips, SDR Development Kit)
    • xG Technology (CR)
    • ZTE (Platforms)
  • 2.14 CR/SDR Commercial Application: White Spaces Communications
    • 2.14.1 General
    • 2.14.2 Definition: TVWS
    • 2.14.3 Roots
    • 2.14.4 FCC Activity
      • 2.14.4.1 Decision
      • 2.14.4.2 Devices
      • 2.14.4.3 Clarifications
      • 2.14.4.4 Sensing
      • 2.14.4.5 Specifics
        • 2.14.4.5.1 Protection
        • 2.14.4.5.2 Frequencies
        • 2.14.4.5.3 TVWS Database (U.S.)
        • 2.14.4.5.4 Related FCC Decisions
    • 2.14.5 Japan
    • 2.14.6 Europe and Other Countries
    • 2.14.7 Ecosystem and Use Cases
    • 2.14.8 WS Communications Standardization
      • 2.14.8.1 WS Alliance
        • 2.14.8.1.1 Wi-FAR
          • 2.14.8.1.1.1 First TVWS Chipset
        • 2.14.8.1.2 WSAConnect
      • 2.14.8.2 Wireless Innovation Forum (WIF)
      • 2.14.8.3 Cognitive Radio: WS-related IEEE Standards
        • 2.14.8.3.1 IEEE 802.11af - 2013
          • 2.14.8.3.1.1 General: Expectations - Wi-Fi on Steroids
          • 2.14.8.3.1.2 Differences
          • 2.14.8.3.1.3 Benefits
          • 2.14.8.3.1.4 Specifics
          • 2.14.8.3.1.5 Building Blocks
          • 2.14.8.3.1.6 PHY
          • 2.14.8.3.1.7 Prototyping and Trials - 2015
          • 2.14.8.3.1.8 Summary
        • 2.14.8.3.2 IEEE 802.22 - 2011
          • 2.14.8.3.2.1 General
          • 2.14.8.3.2.2 WG 802.22 and FCC
          • 2.14.8.3.2.3 Overview
          • 2.14.8.3.2.4 Physical Layer - Major Characteristics
          • 2.14.8.3.2.5 Cognitive Functions and MAC
        • 2.14.8.3.3 IEEE 802.22.1
        • 2.14.8.3.4 IEEE 802.22.2
        • 2.14.8.3.5 IEEE 802.22a-2014
        • 2.14.8.3.6 P802.22b
        • 2.14.8.3.7 P802.22.3
        • 2.14.8.3.8 Summary-IEEE802.22
        • 2.14.8.3.9 IEEE 802.19 WG
          • 2.14.8.3.9.1 IEEE 802.19.1-2014
        • 2.14.8.3.10 IEEE 802.15.4m-2014
        • 2.14.8.3.11 IEEE SCC 41 - DySpan SCC - WS Related
          • 2.14.8.3.11.1 IEEE 1900.4
          • 2.14.8.3.11.2 P1900.7
      • 2.14.8.4 CogNeA and ECMA Activity
        • 2.14.8.4.1 CogNeA
        • 2.14.8.4.2 ECMA-392-2011
          • 2.14.8.4.2.1 Development
      • 2.14.8.5 IETF-PAWS
      • 2.14.8.6 ETSI
  • 2.15 Industry
    • Adaptrum
    • ATDI
    • Aviacomm
    • Carlson Wireless
    • KTS Wireless
    • Metric Systems
    • Neul (acquired by Huawei in 2014)
    • Redline Communications
    • Shared Spectrum Company
    • Sinecom
    • Saankhya Labs
    • Spectrum Bridge
    • TI/Azcom
  • 2.16 Market
  • 2.17 Trials and Projects

3.0 Conclusions

  • ATTACHMENT I: Detection and Incumbent Protection - TVWS
  • ATTACHMENT II: WS-related Patents
  • ATTACHMENT III: CR-related Patents
  • Figure 1: Global: Mobile Data Traffic Growth (Petabytes/Month)
  • Figure 2: Estimate: Average Mobile Subscriber Use of Data (GB/Month)
  • Figure 3: Estimate: Number of M2M Connections - Global (B)
  • Figure 4: Layers
  • Figure 5: Conceptual View
  • Figure 6: Reconfigurable BS
  • Figure 7: ETSI SDR: Functional Architecture
  • Figure 8: SDR and OSI Reference Model
  • Figure 9: CR - Cell Network
  • Figure 10: PSC Specifics
  • Figure 11: TAM: Global Sales: SDR-based Equipment ($B)
  • Figure 12: SDR/CR Market Segments
  • Figure 13: SDR/CR Market Geography (2015)
  • Figure 14: Spectrum Usage Measurements (from NSF Spectrum Occupancy Measurements
  • Figure 15: TVWS Channels: U.S.
  • Figure 16: UK TVWS- Spectrum
  • Figure 17: Device Interoperability Specification Items
  • Figure 18: Comparison - WRANs
  • Figure 19: Architecture: 802.19.1
  • Figure 20: TVWS Market
  • Table 1: SDR Tiers
  • Table 2: CR Features
  • Table 3: U.S. - PSC Users
  • Table 4: SDR Market Drivers
  • Table 5: TV Channels: WS Frequencies Allowed by FCC
  • Table 6: TV Channels and Fixed TVBDs: U.S.
  • Table 7: Database Status (2015)
  • Table 8: IEEE WS-related Standards: Samples
  • Table 9: Use Cases - P802.22b
  • Table 10: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22
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