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M2M/IoT導入におけるSub-1GHz通信の役割

Role of Sub-1GHz Communications in M2M/IoT Development

発行 Practel, Inc. 商品コード 319619
出版日 ページ情報 英文 180 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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M2M/IoT導入におけるSub-1GHz通信の役割 Role of Sub-1GHz Communications in M2M/IoT Development
出版日: 2014年11月18日 ページ情報: 英文 180 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、Sub-1GHz ISM帯におけるワイヤレス通信の特徴およびメリットを中心に、短距離通信(ZigBee/802.15.4・Z-Wave・EnOcean)、および長距離通信(Wave2M・IEEE 802.15.4g・IEEE 802.11af・IEEE 802.11ah・IEEE 802.22・DASH7・Weightless・UNB)のSub-1GHz技術の関連市場、標準およびアプリケーションの分析を提供しており、これらSub-1GHz技術のIoT/M2M通信にとっての主な魅力の分析とともに、お届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 目標:M2M通信・IoTの開発

  • M2M通信の発展
    • 特別なニーズ
    • 標準化:業界活動
    • 市場
    • 産業:革新
  • IoT
    • M2MとIoT
    • Open Interconnect Consortium
    • Industrial Internet Consortium
    • IoTのプラットフォーム
    • IoTおよびITU
    • IoT Forum
    • IEEE および IoT - P2413
    • ISO/IEC
    • IoT:市場
    • アプリケーション

第3章 Sub-1GHz送信のメリット

  • ITUの指定
  • Sub-1GHz送信のメリット・デメリット
  • 世代
    • 詳細

第4章 Sub-1GHz送信:長距離IoT/M2M通信のサポート

  • IEEE-802.15.4gスマートユーティリティネットワーク
    • 全般
    • ニーズ
    • 価値
    • 概要:PHY
    • 地域
    • 詳細
    • 市場
    • サマリー
    • Wi-SUN
    • メーカー:例
  • IEEE 802.22
    • 全般
    • 状況:802.22
    • 発展
    • IEEE 802.22-2011:概要
    • IEEE 802.22:詳細
    • コグニティブ機能
    • IEEE 802.22:SG向けマーケティング検討事項
    • 主なアプリケーション
    • 利用モデル
    • メリット
    • サマリー
    • グループ
  • IEEE 802.11ah
    • 目標
    • 状況
    • 見込み
    • 詳細
  • IEEE 802.11af - White-Fi
    • 状況
    • 目的
    • 規制
    • 違い
    • 仕様
    • デバイス
    • データベースの利用
    • PHYおよびMAC
    • 構成要素
    • プロトタイピング: 802.22 および 802.11af
    • 利用例
    • メリット
    • 産業
    • マーケティングの検討事項
  • DASH7技術・アプリケーション
    • 概要
    • DASH7およびM2M/IoT
    • ISO/IEC 18000-7:2014
    • DASH7 Alliance
  • ウルトラナローバンド
    • 起源
    • タスク
    • 主な特性
  • Wavenis - WAVE2M
    • Coronis(Elster Groupによる買収)
    • 前進:アライアンス
    • WAVE2M:主な特性・メリット
    • サマリー
  • Weightless通信
    • SIG
    • Weightlessおよび競合
    • Weightless-N仕様

第5章 Sub-1GHz送信:短距離oT/M2M通信のサポート

  • ZigBee - IEEE 802.15.4
    • 全般
    • Sub-1GHz ZigBee:使用
    • ZigBee の受け入れ
    • 主な特性:ZigBee/802.15.4
    • デバイスのタイプ
    • プロトコルスタック
    • セキュリティ
    • 電力消費
    • ZigBee技術のメリット・デメリット
    • 標準化プロセス
    • アプリケーション仕様:アプリケーションプロファイル
    • 市場
    • Sub-1GHz ZigBee:仕様
    • 産業
  • EnOcean:全般
    • 企業
    • EnOcean アライアンス
    • 標準
    • 技術詳細
    • プロファイル
    • メリット
    • 市場推計
    • 産業
  • 全般:Z-Wave
    • Z-Waveアライアンス
    • メリット
    • 詳細
    • 先進エネルギー制御フレームワーク
    • Z-Waveおよびスマートメータリング
    • 主要ベンダー
    • 市場推計:スマートハウス向けZ-Wave製品

第6章 結論

付録?:IEEE 802.15.4g の特徴

目次

Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was also conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report provides the Sub-1GHz communications technologies and markets analysis and assessments; it concentrates on the recent developmental trends in connection with the IoT/M2M implementation. The report is useful for service providers, retail operators, vendors, network operators and managers, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding of opportunities and barriers on the discussed subjects.

Brief:

IoT/M2M networking is rapidly becoming one of the largest parts of the global telecommunications infrastructure. Its realization needs to address specifics of connectivity between billions of smart objects, such as sensors, switches and similar. The industry is responding to new challenges by adapting the existing technologies and creating a new set of communications technologies specifically for IoT/M2M.

This report concentrates on properties and benefits of wireless communications in Sub- 1GHz ISM bands. The report emphasizes that the industry is actively investigating opportunities of this portion of the spectrum to improve IoT/M2M communications characteristics.

The following Sub-1GHz technologies, related markets, standards and applications have been analyzed to emphasize their value for the IoT/M2M development:

Short range communications

  • ZigBee/802.15.4
  • Z-Wave
  • EnOcean.

Long range communications

  • Wave2M
  • IEEE 802.15.4g
  • IEEE 802.11af
  • IEEE 802.11ah
  • IEEE 802.22
  • DASH7
  • Weightless
  • UNB (Ultra-narrow Band).

The major attractions of these Sub-1GHz technologies for IoT/M2M communications include:

  • Extended range - they allow 5-10 times longer reaches over 2.4 GHz band transmissions. This is the result of smaller losses when signal is traveling through various obstacles; besides, the Sub-1GHz ISM bands are less crowded;
  • Low power consumption;
  • Support of multiple IoT/M2M applications that allow a relatively slow rate of transmission.

The report reflects the progress in communications technologies developments to allow efficiently utilize Sub-1GHz spectrum in IoT/M2M applications. It also depicts a complex picture of IoT/M2M communications technologies standardization with multiple incompatible solutions.

The industry shows all signs of interest in the utilization of Sub-1GHz ISM bands for IoT/M2M communications; there are great opportunities that have not been realized until recently.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the development of the IoT/M2M market.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Specifics
  • 1.3 Scope
  • 1.4 Research Methodology
  • 1.5 Target Audience

2.0 Goals: Development of M2M Communications and IoT

  • 2.1 M2M Communications Developments
    • 2.1.1 Special Needs
      • 2.1.1.1 Spectrum
      • 2.1.1.2 Summary
    • 2.1.2 Standardization - Industry Activities
      • 2.1.2.1 IEEE
      • 2.1.2.2 ETSI
      • 2.1.2.3 ITU
      • 2.1.2.4 oneM2M Alliance
        • 2.1.2.4.1 Service Layer Architecture
        • 2.1.2.4.2 Benefits
      • 2.1.2.5 Telefonica multi-Operators Alliance
      • 2.1.2.6 M2M Alliance
      • 2.1.2.7 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)
      • 2.1.2.8 GSC MSTF
      • 2.1.2.9 WAVE2M
        • 2.1.2.9.1 Aim
      • 2.1.2.10 Summary
    • 2.1.3 Market
      • 2.1.3.1 Statistics
      • 2.1.3.2 Estimate
    • 2.1.4 Industry: Innovations
      • Arqiva/Sensus
      • CSR (acquired by Qualcomm in 2014)
      • Kore Telematics
      • Link Labs
      • M2M Spectrum Networks
      • On-Ramp
      • SigFox/Telit
      • Telensa/Plextek
  • 2.2 IoT
    • 2.2.1 M2M and IoT
    • 2.2.2 Open Interconnect Consortium
    • 2.2.3 Industrial Internet Consortium
    • 2.2.4 IoT Platforms
    • 2.2.5 IoT and ITU
    • 2.2.6 IoT Forum
    • 2.2.7 IEEE and IoT - P2413
    • 2.2.8 ISO/IEC
    • 2.2.8.1 Layered Structure
    • 2.2.9 IoT - Market
    • 2.2.10 Applications

3.0 Benefits of Sub-1GHz Transmission

  • 3.1 ITU Designation
  • 3.2 Sub-1GHz Transmission Benefits and Limitations
  • 3.3 Generations
    • 3.3.1 Details

4.0 Sub-1GHz Transmission: Support of Long-reach IoT/M2M Communications

  • 4.1 IEEE-802.15.4g-Smart Utility Networks
    • 4.1.1 General
    • 4.1.2 Need
    • 4.1.3 Value
    • 4.1.4 Overview - PHY
    • 4.1.5 Regions
      • 4.1.5.1 Frequencies Allocations
    • 4.1.6 Details
      • 4.1.6.1 Requirements: Major Characteristics
      • 4.1.6.2 Considerations
      • 4.1.6.3 Network Specifics
      • 4.1.6.4 PHY/MAC Modifications
    • 4.1.7 Market
    • 4.1.8 Summary
    • 4.1.9 Wi-SUN
    • 4.1.10 Manufacturers - Examples
      • Accent
      • Analog Devices
      • Elster
      • TI
  • 4.2 IEEE 802.22
    • 4.2.1 General
    • 4.2.2 Status - 802.22
    • 4.2.3 Developments
    • 4.2.4 IEEE 802.22-2011 Overview
      • 4.2.4.1 Major Characteristics
    • 4.2.5 IEEE 802.22 Details
      • 4.2.5.1 Physical Layer - Major Characteristics
      • 4.2.5.2 MAC Layer
    • 4.2.6 Cognitive Functions
    • 4.2.7 IEEE 802.22 - Marketing Considerations for SG
    • 4.2.8 Major Applications
    • 4.2.9 Usage Models
    • 4.2.10 Benefits
    • 4.2.11 Summary
    • 4.2.12 Group
      • 4.2.12.1 IEEE 802.22.1
      • 4.2.12.2 IEEE 802.22.2
      • 4.2.12.3 IEEE 802.22a-2014
      • 4.2.12.4 IEEE P802.22b
  • 4.3 IEEE 802.11ah
    • 4.3.1 Goal
    • 4.3.2 Status
    • 4.3.3 Expectations
    • 4.3.4 Details
  • 4.4 IEEE 802.11af - White-Fi
    • 4.4.1 Status
    • 4.4.2 Objectives
    • 4.4.3 Regulations
    • 4.4.4 Difference
    • 4.4.5 Specifics
    • 4.4.6 Devices
    • 4.4.7 Use of Database
    • 4.4.8 PHY and MAC
    • 4.4.9 Building Blocks
    • 4.4.10 Prototyping: 802.22 and 802.11af
    • 4.4.11 Use Cases
    • 4.4.12 Benefits
    • 4.4.13 Industry
    • 4.4.14 Marketing Considerations
  • 4.5 DASH7 Technology and Applications
    • 4.5.1 General
    • 4.5.2 DASH7 and M2M/IoT
    • 4.5.3 ISO/IEC 18000-7:2014
    • 4.5.4 DASH7 Alliance
      • 4.5.4.1 DASH7 Mode 2
        • 4.5.4.1.1 Physical Layer
        • 4.5.4.1.2 Data Layer
        • 4.5.4.1.3 Network Layer
        • 4.5.4.1.4 Upper Layers
      • 4.5.4.2 DRAFT 0.2 Release - Specification
      • 4.5.4.3 General Characteristics - Summary
      • 4.5.4.4 433 MHz Transmission Specifics
      • 4.5.4.5 Green Technology
      • 4.5.4.6 Applications
      • 4.5.4.7 Industry
        • Agaidi
        • Evigia
        • GuardRFID
        • Hi-G-Tek
        • Identec Solutions
        • Savi
        • TI
  • 4.6 Ultra Narrow Band
    • 4.6.1 Origin
    • 4.6.2 Tasks
    • 4.6.3 Major Features
  • 4.7 Wavenis - WAVE2M
    • 4.7.1 Coronis (acquired by Elster Group in 2007)
    • 4.7.2 Progress - Alliance
    • 4.7.3 WAVE2M: Major Features and Benefits
    • 4.7.4 Summary
  • 4.8 Weightless Communications
    • 4.8.1 SIG
    • 4.8.2 Weightless and Competition
    • 4.8.3 Weightless-N Specifics

5.0 Sub-1GHz Transmission: Support of Short-reach IoT/M2M Communications

  • 5.1 ZigBee - IEEE 802.15.4
    • 5.1.1 General
    • 5.1.2 Sub-1GHz ZigBee: Specifics
    • 5.1.3 ZigBee Acceptance
    • 5.1.4 Major Features: ZigBee/802.15.4
    • 5.1.5 Device Types
    • 5.1.6 Protocol Stack
      • 5.1.6.1 Physical and MAC Layers - IEEE802.15.4
      • 5.1.6.2 Upper Layers
    • 5.1.7 Security
    • 5.1.8 Power Consumption
    • 5.1.9 ZigBee Technology Benefits and Limitations
    • 5.1.10 Standardization Process
      • 5.1.10.1 Ratifications
        • 5.1.10.1.1 ZigBee 3.0
      • 5.1.10.2 Alliance
    • 5.1.11 Applications Specifics - Application Profiles
      • 5.1.11.1 "Green" ZigBee
      • 5.1.11.2 ZigBee Telecom Services
      • 5.1.11.3 Building Automation
      • 5.1.11.4 Smart Energy Profile
        • 5.1.11.4.1 Features
        • 5.1.11.4.2 Smart Energy Profile v.2.0
      • 5.1.11.5 ZigBee IP
      • 5.1.11.6 ZigBee Network Devices - IP Gateway
    • 5.1.12 Market
      • 5.1.12.1 Expectations-Technology Stack
      • 5.1.12.2 Segments
      • 5.1.12.3 Forecast
    • 5.1.13 Sub-1GHz ZigBee: Certification
    • 5.1.14 Industry
      • Adaptive Networks Solutions (RF Sub-GHz)
      • Amber (RF Modules, Sub-1GHz)
      • Atmel (Chipsets)
      • Helicomm (Modules, Sub-1GHz)
      • Freescale (Chipsets, Sub-1GHz)
      • Microchip Technologies (Modules, Sub-1GHz)
      • Renesas (Platforms, AMR, Sub-1GHz)
      • Silicon Laboratories (Chipsets, Modules, Sub-1GHz)
      • Synapse (Modules, Sub-1GHz, Protocol)
      • TI (Chipsets, Sub-1GHz)
      • ZMDI (Sub-1GHz)
  • 5.2 EnOcean: General
    • 5.2.1 The Company
    • 5.2.2 EnOcean Alliance
    • 5.2.3 Standard
      • 5.2.3.1 Features
      • 5.2.3.2 Drivers
    • 5.2.4 Technology Details
      • 5.2.4.1 Framework
      • 5.2.4.2 Generations
    • 5.2.5 Profiles
    • 5.2.6 Benefits
    • 5.2.7 Market Estimate
    • 5.2.8 Industry
      • BSC Magnum
      • Beckhoff
      • Echoflex
      • Illumra
      • Leviton
      • Thermokon
  • 5.3 General: Z-Wave
    • 5.3.1 Z-Wave Alliance
    • 5.3.2 Benefits
    • 5.3.3 Details
      • 5.3.3.1 General
      • 5.3.3.2 Characteristics
      • 5.3.3.3 G.9959
    • 5.3.4 Advanced Energy Control Framework
    • 5.3.5 Z-Wave and Smart Metering
    • 5.3.6 Selected Vendors
      • Aeon Labs-Aeotec
      • Mi Casa Verde (Vera)
      • NorthQ
      • Sigma Designs
      • There
    • 5.3.7 Market Estimate: Z-Wave Products for Smart Houses
      • 5.3.7.1 Model
      • 5.3.7.2 Results

6.0 Conclusions

Appendix I: IEEE 802.15.4g Characteristics

  • Figure 1: Regions: ISM Band
  • Figure 2: IoT Environment
  • Figure 3: Key M2M Elements
  • Figure 4: ETSI Activity
  • Figure 5: Use Cases
  • Figure 6: ETSI-High-level Architecture
  • Figure 7: M2M Layers
  • Figure 8: Summary - Standardization
  • Figure 9: M2M Major Applications
  • Figure 10: Projections: M2M Traffic Growth (PB/Month)
  • Figure 11: TAM: M2M Communications Revenue ($B)
  • Figure 12: TAM: Mobile Operators Revenue in M2M ($B)
  • Figure 13: TAM: M2M Communications - Satellite Segment ($B)
  • Figure 14: IoT - Layered Structure
  • Figure 15: Projections: IoT Technologies and Applications Market ($T)
  • Figure 16: Projections - Number of Smart Devices in Households - Global (Bil. Units
  • Figure 17: M2M/IoT Spectrum of Applications
  • Figure 18: Range
  • Figure 19: Power Consumption
  • Figure 20: Rates
  • Figure 21: Global Sub-1GHz Frequencies
  • Figure 22: Sub-1GHz Transmission Characteristics
  • Figure 23: ZigBee-2.4 GHz vs. 900 MHz
  • Figure 24: Properties Comparison
  • Figure 25: SUN Connectivity
  • Figure 26: TAM: Global SG Networking ($B)
  • Figure 27: TAM: Global SG SUN (IEEE802.15.4g) ($B)
  • Figure 28: TAM: U.S. 802.22-related Revenue ($B)
  • Figure 29: IEEE 802.22 Usage Scenarios
  • Figure 30: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22
  • Figure 31: 802.11ah Frequency Plan
  • Figure 32: TAM- Global 802.11af Equipment Sales ($B)
  • Figure 33: Mode 1 and Mode 2 - Comparison
  • Figure 34: DASH7 Mode 2 - PHY
  • Figure 35: Transmission Ranges
  • Figure 36: Features Comparison
  • Figure 37: Comparison
  • Figure 38: Characteristics
  • Figure 39: ZigBee/802.15.4 Protocol Stack
  • Figure 40: ZigBee/802.15.4 Characteristics
  • Figure 41: Profiles
  • Figure 42: ZigBee IP Gateway Protocol Stack
  • Figure 43: Technology Stack
  • Figure 44: TAM: Global Sales - ZigBee Modules ($B)
  • Figure 45: TAM: Global ZigBee Modules Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 46: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2014)
  • Figure 47: ZigBee Market Seg
  • Figure 48: Functionalities
  • Figure 49: Major Features
  • Figure 50: Energy Consumptio
  • Figure 51: TAM: EnOcean Ind
  • Figure 52: TAM: EnOcean Ind
  • Figure 54: TAM: U.S. Small S
  • Figure 55: TAM: U.S. Large
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