市場調査レポート

M2M/IoTと可視光通信(VLC:Visible Light Communications)

M2M/IoT and Visible Light Communications

発行 Practel, Inc. 商品コード 316348
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
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M2M/IoTと可視光通信(VLC:Visible Light Communications) M2M/IoT and Visible Light Communications
出版日: 2014年10月16日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

インターネットはIoT(モノのインターネット)と呼ばれる環境を創出し、無数のマシンやオブジェクトの接続の可能性を提供しています。これがM2MサービスプラットフォームやWSNなどといった各種技術を統合しています。

当レポートでは、スマートセンサー(SS)や無線SS、無線センサーネットワーク(WSN)の発展状況、IoT(モノのインターネット)およびM2M通信の創出におけるTCP/IPの役割、ユビキタスネットワーキングの創出における可視光通信(VLC:Visible Light Communications)の重要性などについて検証しています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 無線スマートセンサーとWSN

  • IoTとM2M通信:イントロダクション
  • インテリジェンス:定義
  • 構造とコンポーネント
  • トランデューサーインターフェースモジュール(TIM)
  • ネットワーク対応アプリケーションプロセッサー(NCAP:Network Capable Application Processor)
  • 動向
  • WSN:要件
  • ネットワーキング
  • WSNからUSNへ

第3章 市場の特異性:WSS/WSN

  • 前提条件
  • 調査結果
    • WSS統計
    • WSN統計

第4章 スマートオブジェクト向けIP

  • IETF・IP/WSN
    • ルーツ
    • 取り組み
      • 主要課題とソリューション
    • 主要プロジェクト
      • 動機
    • 6LoWPAN WG
      • 定義
      • 制約
      • M2M・6LoWPAN
      • 導入の特異性
      • 詳細
      • 適応
      • 上位層
      • 接続性
      • 産業の支援
      • NanoStack
    • ROLL WG
  • IPSO Alliance
  • 図解:ISA100.11a:稼働中のWSN-IP
    • ISA100
    • 承認
    • 展望
    • インフラ
    • 市場推計
  • ベンダー
    • Cisco
    • Honeywell
    • Linear Technology
    • Nivis
    • NXP
    • パナソニック
    • Sensinode(ARMが買収)
    • TI
    • 横河電機

第5章 M2M通信

  • 特殊ニーズ
    • スペクトル
    • サマリー
  • 標準化:業界における取り組み
    • IEEE
    • ETSI
    • ITU
    • oneM2M Alliance
      • サービスレイヤアーキテクチャ
      • 利点
    • Telefonica multi-Operators Alliance
    • M2M Alliance
    • OMA(Open Mobile Alliance)
    • GSC MSTF
    • Wave2M
      • 目的
      • プラットフォーム
    • サマリー
  • 市場
    • データ
    • 推計
  • 業界における革新
    • Arqiva/Sensus
    • Kore Telematics
    • Link Labs
    • M2M Spectrum Networks
    • On-Ramp
    • SigFox/Telit
    • Telensa/Plextek

第6章 IoT

  • M2MとIoT
  • Open Interconnect Consortium
  • Industrial Internet Consortium
  • IoT:市場
  • IoTプラットフォーム
  • IoTとITU
  • IoT Forum
  • IEEEとIoT:P2413
  • ISO/IEC
  • 階層構造

第7章 IoTと可視光通信(VLC)

  • VLC:IoTへの橋渡し
  • LEDの特異性
    • 一般
    • スペクトル
  • タイプ
  • LED変調
    • 制約
  • LED Evolution
    • 概要:二重の機能
    • 発展の経緯
    • 技術/経済特性
  • 可視光通信(VLC:Visible Light Communications)
    • 概要
    • 推進因子
    • 業界における取り組み
      • 例:UC-Light Center
    • VLC規格の発展
    • IEEE 802.15.7
      • 考察
      • プロジェクト
    • JEITA(日本電子情報技術産業協会)
      • JEITA CP-1221
      • JEITA CP-1222
      • JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
    • 可視光通信コンソーシアム(VLCC)
      • 概要
      • 実験的システム:VLCCプロジェクト
    • ECMA 397-2010
    • Li-Fi Consortium
    • VLC経路:詳細
      • 概要
      • 通信経路
      • トランスミッター
      • レシーバー
    • 主な特徴
      • 概要
      • 変調
      • VLC経路:特徴のサマリー
      • 新興領域
      • 制約
    • 導入先:サマリー
    • 企業・団体
      • ByteLight
      • カシオ
      • LVX
      • Luciom
      • 那賀川研究所
      • 日本電気
      • Oledcomm
      • Omega Project
      • Outstanding Technology
      • PureLi-Fi
      • Renesas
      • Siemens
      • Supreme Architecture
      • TCL
      • 田村
    • 主な導入先
      • ITS
      • 光無線LAN
      • 医療
      • ローカライゼーション
      • 都市無線ネットワーク
      • サマリー
    • 市場

第8章 総論

図表

目次

Practel, Inc. has published several research/marketing reports on the Smart Sensors (SS) and Wireless SS (WSS) developments and, in particular, on their networking (Wireless Sensors Networks - WSNs). This report aims to further analyze WSS networking trends; with emphasis on the TCP/IP role in the creation the "Internet of things - IoT" and M2M communications. It also emphasizes the importance of Visible Light Communications in the creation of ubiquitous networking.

The Internet offers the potential to connect billions of machines and objects, creating what are known as the 'Internet of Things'(IoT). This integrates various technologies including, Machine-to-Machine service platforms and WSNs.

The sufficient part of this report is dedicated to the analysis of Visible Light Communications (VLC) and its role to support ubiquitous communications necessary for the IoT/M2M development. VLC is still in the starting position, but promises inexpensive, high-speed communications with a wide variety of applications to connect smart objects.

The report details standardization activity on IoT/M2M, analyzes their markets and the evolving industry.

Up-to-date analysis of VLC technologies, applications, markets and the industry shows the important role that is placed on this type communications in support of IoT/M2M.

This report is based on data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by Practel's team.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, marketing and sale specialists working in the area WSN, IoT/M2M and VLC developments.

Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report is important for organizations involved in the development related to IoT/M2M and VLC technologies. They need to understand the market dynamics and to be familiar with vendors' portfolios to make a right choice in selection of equipment.

For vendors, this report provides valuable information on competition. It also supports these vendors with the market assessments.

Table of Contents

1.0Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Scope and Goals
    • 1.2.1 Layered Approach
  • 1.3 Research Methodology
  • 1.4 Target Audience

2.0 Wireless Smart Sensors and WSN

  • 2.1 IoT and M2M Communications - Introduction
  • 2.2 Intelligence-Definition
  • 2.3 Structure and Components
  • 2.3.1 Transducer Interface Module (TIM)
  • 2.3.2 Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP)
  • 2.4 Trends
  • 2.5 WSN: Requirements
  • 2.6 Networking
  • 2.7 From WSN to USN

3.0 Market Specifics - WSS/WSN

  • 3.1 Assumptions
  • 3.2 Results
    • 3.2.1 WSS Statistics
    • 3.2.2 WSN Statistics

4.0 IP for Smart Objects

  • 4.1 IETF and IP/WSN
    • 4.1.1 Roots
    • 4.1.2 Efforts
      • 4.1.2.1 Major Issues and Solutions
    • 4.1.3 Major Projects
      • 4.1.3.1 Motivation:
    • 4.1.4 6LoWPAN WG
      • 4.1.4.1 Definition
      • 4.1.4.2 Limitations
      • 4.1.4.3 M2M and 6LoWPAN
      • 4.1.4.4 Applications Specifics
      • 4.1.4.5 Details
      • 4.1.4.6 Adaptation
      • 4.1.4.7 Upper Layers
      • 4.1.4.8 Connectivity
      • 4.1.4.9 Industry Support
      • 4.1.4.10 NanoStack
    • 4.1.5 ROLL WG
  • 4.2 IPSO Alliance
  • 4.3 Illustration: ISA 100.11a - WSN-IP at Work
    • 4.3.1 ISA100
    • 4.3.2 Approvals
    • 4.3.3 Scope
    • 4.3.4 Infrastructure
    • 4.3.5 Market Estimate
  • 4.4 Vendors
    • Cisco
    • Honeywell
    • Linear Technology
    • Nivis
    • NXP
    • Panasonic
    • Sensinode (acquired by ARM in 2013)
    • TI
    • Yokogawa

5.0 M2M Communications

  • 5.1 Special Needs
    • 5.1.1 Spectrum
    • 5.1.2 Summary
  • 5.2 Standardization - Industry Activities
    • 5.2.1 IEEE
    • 5.2.2 ETSI
    • 5.2.3 ITU
    • 5.2.4 oneM2M Alliance
      • 5.2.4.1 Service Layer Architecture
      • 5.2.4.2 Benefits
    • 5.2.5 Telefonica multi-Operators Alliance
    • 5.2.6 M2M Alliance
    • 5.2.7 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)
    • 5.2.8 GSC MSTF
    • 5.2.9 Wave2M
      • 5.2.9.1 Aim
      • 5.2.9.2 Platform
    • 5.2.10 Summary
  • 5.3 Market
    • 5.3.1 Data
    • 5.3.2 Estimate
  • 5.4 Industry-Innovations
    • Arqiva/Sensus
    • Kore Telematics
    • Link Labs
    • M2M Spectrum Networks
    • On-Ramp
    • SigFox/Telit
    • Telensa/Plextek

6.0 IoT

  • 6.1 M2M and IoT
  • 6.2 Open Interconnect Consortium
  • 6.3 Industrial Internet Consortium
  • 6.4 IoT - Market
  • 6.5 IoT Platforms
  • 6.6 IoT and ITU
  • 6.7 IoT Forum
  • 6.8 IEEE and IoT - P2413
  • 6.9 ISO/IEC
  • 6.10 Layered Structure

7.0 IoT and Visible Light Communications (VLC)

  • 7.1 VLC - Bridge to IoT
  • 7.2 LED Specifics
    • 7.2.1 General
    • 7.2.2 Spectrum
  • 7.3 Types
  • 7.4 LED Modulation
    • 7.4.1 Limitations
  • 7.5 LED Evolution
    • 7.5.1 General - Dual Functionality
    • 7.5.2 Developments - History
    • 7.5.3 Technical/Economic Characteristics
  • 7.6 Visible Light Communications
    • 7.6.1 General
    • 7.6.2 Drivers
    • 7.6.3 Industry Activity
      • 7.6.3.1 Example: UC-Light Center
    • 7.6.4 VLC Standards Development
    • 7.6.5 The IEEE 802.15.7 Standard
      • 7.6.5.1 Considerations
      • 7.6.5.2 Project
        • 7.6.5.2.1 Coexistence
        • 7.6.5.2.2 Scope
        • 7.6.5.2.3 Base
        • 7.6.5.2.4 Use Cases
        • 7.6.5.2.5 Physical Layer
          • 7.6.5.2.5.1 General
          • 7.6.5.2.5.2 Responsibilities
          • 7.6.5.2.5.3 Types
          • 7.6.5.2.5.4 Error Protection
          • 7.6.5.2.5.5 Rates
          • 7.6.5.2.5.6 Frequency Plan
          • 7.6.5.2.5.7 PHY Services
          • 7.6.5.2.5.8. Regulations
        • 7.6.5.2.6 MAC Layer
          • 7.6.5.2.6.1 Responsibilities
          • 7.6.5.2.6.2 Functionalities
          • 7.6.5.2.6.3 Channel Access
        • 7.6.5.2.7 Security
    • 7.6.6 JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association
      • 7.6.6.1 JEITA CP-1221
      • 7.6.6.2 JEITA CP-1222
      • 7.6.6.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
    • 7.6.7 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)
      • 7.6.7.1 General
      • 7.6.7.2 Experimental Systems- VLCC Projects
    • 7.6.8 ECMA 397-2010
    • 7.6.9 Li-Fi Consortium
    • 7.6.10 VLC Channel-Details
      • 7.6.10.1 General
      • 7.6.10.2 Communications Channel
      • 7.6.10.3 Transmitter
      • 7.6.10.4 Receiver
        • 7.6.10.4.1 Image Sensors
        • 7.6.10.4.2 LED as Receiver
    • 7.6.11 Major Characteristics
      • 7.6.11.1 General
      • 7.6.11.2 Modulation
      • 7.6.11.3 VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary
      • 7.6.11.4 Emerging Areas
      • 7.6.11.5 Limitations
    • 7.6.12 Applications: Summary
    • 7.6.13 Companies and Organizations
      • ByteLight
      • Casio
      • LVX
      • Luciom
      • Nakagawa Laboratories
      • NEC
      • Oledcomm
      • Omega Project
      • Outstanding Technology
      • PureLi-Fi
      • Renesas
      • Siemens
      • Supreme Architecture
      • TCL
      • Tamura
    • 7.6.14 Major Applications
      • 7.6.14.1 ITS
      • 7.6.14.2 Optical Wireless LAN
      • 7.6.14.3 Medical
      • 7.6.14.4 Localization
      • 7.6.14.5 City Wide Wireless Network
      • 7.6.14.6 Summary
    • 7.6.15 Market

8.0 Conclusions

  • Figure 1: Layered View
  • Figure 2: WSS Structure
  • Figure 3: TIM/NCAP and IEEE 1451
  • Figure 4: IoT Illustration
  • Figure 5: TAM - WSS Sales - Global ($B)
  • Figure 6: TAM: WSS Sales - Global (Mil. Units)
  • Figure 7: TAM: WSN Equipment Sales - Global ($B)
  • Figure 8: Standardization
  • Figure 9: 6LoWPAN Protocol Stack
  • Figure 10: Header Stacks
  • Figure 11: 6LoWPAN Network Scenario
  • Figure 12: ISA 100.11a Protocol Stack
  • Figure 13: TAM - ISA100.11a-based IA WSN ($M)
  • Figure 14: ETSI Activity
  • Figure 15: High-level Architecture
  • Figure 16: M2M Layers
  • Figure 17: Summary
  • Figure 18: M2M Applications
  • Figure 19: Projections: M2M Traffic Growth (PB/Month)
  • Figure 20: TAM: M2M Communications Revenue ($B)
  • Figure 21: TAM: Mobile Operators Revenue in M2M ($B)
  • Figure 22: TAM: M2M Communications - Satellite Segment ($B)
  • Figure 23: Projections: IoT Technologies and Applications Market ($T)
  • Figure 24: Projections - Number of Smart Devices in Households - Global (Bil. Units
  • Figure 25: IoT - Layered Structure
  • Figure 26: LED Structure
  • Figure 27: Spectrum (450-750 nm - visible)
  • Figure 28: LED Properties Illustration
  • Figure 29: TAM: U.S. LED Sales ($B)
  • Figure 30: TAM: U.S. LED Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 31: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources
  • Figure 32: WPAN/WLAN Family and VLC
  • Figure 33: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 34: Applications
  • Figure 35: TAM: VLC Technology ($B)
  • Table 1: WSN - Major Short Range RF Technologies Characteristics
  • Table 2: Applications Segments (2014)
  • Table 3: Key M2M Elements
  • Table 4: Use Cases
  • Table 5: Wavelengths (nm)
  • Table 6: Laser vs. LED
  • Table 7: Use Cases
  • Table 8: Devices and Characteristics
  • Table 9: Frequency Plan
  • Table 10: VLC Properties
  • Table 11: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
  • Table 12: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
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