市場調査レポート

ワイヤレスICTと高度道路交通システム(ITS):現在および将来の動向

Wireless ICT and Intelligent Transportation Systems: Current and Future Trends

発行 Practel, Inc. 商品コード 203188
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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ワイヤレスICTと高度道路交通システム(ITS):現在および将来の動向 Wireless ICT and Intelligent Transportation Systems: Current and Future Trends
出版日: 2011年06月28日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

交通システムの発展に伴い、自動車が予測による衝突からの回避、目的地への最短ルートによるナビゲーション、分単位の最新交通情報の活用、最も近い駐車位置の確認、そして炭素排出量の最少化ができるようになる将来を想像することができます。ITSの主たる動機付けは、交通安全の向上にあります。毎年世界の路上で125万人以上の人が命を落とし、3,000万人を超える人々が負傷しているというのは、驚くべき事実です。

当レポートでは、ITS(高度道路交通システム)を4G時代へと導くワイヤレスICTの最新動向について調査分析し、ITSの概要および仕様を概括したあと、5.9 GHz DSRC(狭域通信)の技術と市場、CALM(中広域無線通信インターフェース)技術の仕様とアプリケーション、LTE(ロングタームエボリューション)の技術と市場、およびWSN(ワイヤレスセンサーネットワーク)の発展と市場について分析するなど、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

  • 目的
  • 範囲
  • 調査手法
  • 対象読者

第2章 高度道路交通システム(ITS)

  • 概要
  • ITSの歴史:米国
  • ITSのアーキテクチャー:米国
  • 世界におけるITSの発展:イントロダクション
    • 欧州
    • 日本
    • 標準化
  • 技術
  • ITSアプリケーション

第3章 5.9 GHz DSRCの基本

  • 概要
  • IEEE 802.11p
    • 概要
    • 目的と状況
    • 詳細
  • IEEE 1609
    • 概要
    • 概観
    • IEEE 1609の実用例
  • サマリー

第4章 5.9 GHz DSRCの発展

  • 概要
  • 歴史
  • 設備
  • 詳細:狭域通信(DSRC)
  • チャネル指定
  • 場所
  • アプリケーション
  • サマリー:DSRC(5.9GHz)送信の特徴(米国)
  • 運用中のDSRC
    • サービス分類
    • 要件:DSRC
  • 規制
    • ライセンシング
  • 比較

第5章 DSRC国際標準化活動

  • 概要
    • 調整
  • 進行状況

第6章 5.9 GHz DSRCの利点と制約

  • 概要
    • 通行料金業界のメリット
  • 制約

第7章 市場:5.9 GHz DSRC

  • 市場成長促進要因
  • 市場要件
  • データ
  • 市場予測

第8章 DSRC設備ベンダー

第9章 CALM:中広域無線通信インターフェース

  • 目的
    • 車両:インフラ
  • 仕様
  • ISO TC 204 WG 16
    • IPv6とNEMO
  • CALM:国際的な取り組み
  • CALM:アプリケーション
  • 主な特徴
  • 課題

第10章 CENとITU

  • 概要
  • CENとITS
  • ITU

第11章 ETSI

第12章 IETF

第13章 4G技術

  • ワイヤレスの革命か、それとも進歩か?
    • 3Gの後継としての4G
  • 要件
  • 典型的な特徴
  • 選択肢

第14章 ロングタームエボリューション(LTE):技術と市場

  • 3GPPとLTE
    • LTEのスケジュール
    • ブロードバンドワイヤレス通信:各段階
    • LTE標準化:業界の協力
  • LTEの主な特徴
    • 詳細
    • 利点
  • SAE/EPS
    • 機能構造
  • 市場
    • 需要:ワイヤレスブロードバンド
    • LTE市場の予測
  • ベンダー
  • LTEとITS

第15章 スマートセンサー技術:ITC仕様

  • スマートセンサーの構造
    • 分類:スマートセンサー
    • 詳細
  • ネットワーキング
    • メッシュ構造の特徴
    • 利点と制約
  • アプリケーションの詳細:WSN
  • 標準化:IEEE 1451
    • 概要
    • ファミリー
    • 詳細
  • ITSとWSN
  • 課題
  • 市場の特徴
    • 概要
    • 市場の推定
    • 動向
  • WSN設備ベンダー

第16章 結論

付録I:ISOのITS基準

付録II:ITS関連各国および国際基準

図表

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次

This report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff who are working on wireless ICT-related Intelligent Transportation Systems projects. The report aim is to present for such specialists advanced directions and trends in wireless ICT that can lead ITS into the 4G era.

The reports updates and revises Practel reports that were researching WICT-related ITS features; and were published between 2006 and 2010.

In particular, this report:

  • 1. Provides the analysis of ITS specifics.
  • 2. Analyzes technologies and markets for 5.9 GHz Short Reach Dedicated Communications (DSRC). 5.9 GHz DSRC was originally developed for the U.S. market; and currently it is at the beginning of commercialization. The report addresses this technology specifics and benefits - recently, EU also approved 5.9 GHz band for its DSRC systems. Currently, the major application for DSRC is electronic tolling; it is expected that the range of applications will grow significantly with maturing of the technology.
  • 3. Analyzes the specifics of CALM (Continuous Air-interface, Long and Medium Range) technology and its applications. This technology aims for creation of an “universal” platform for ITS services. Such a platform will be able to support multiple wireless standards.
  • 4. Concentrates on the standardization process for WICT in the ITS environment.
  • 5. Analyzes technologies and market for Long Term Evolution (LTE); the technology is being standardized and appreciated as the 4G era wireless technology. It opens a wide range of applications for ITS; currently, the auto industry R&D together with manufacturers are working on the concept of the LTE - equipped car. The technology allows creating of ITS infrastructural networking with high bit rate, QoS and other important features. Major service providers are offering LTE-based services.
  • 6. Analyzes specifics of Wireless Sensors Networks (WSNs), their development and markets and how they apply to ITS. It is expected that in the near - future Smart Sensors will create a basis for establishing an intelligent source of information for processing in the ITS control centers. The report provides details of WSN features and benefits.

The report addresses latest and near-future trends in wireless ICT for ITS and how the 4G developments apply to them.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1. Goal
  • 1.2. Scope
  • 1.3. Research Methodology
  • 1.4. Target Audience

2.0 Intelligent Transportation Systems

  • 2.1. General
  • 2.2. ITS History: U.S.
  • 2.3. ITS Architecture: U.S.
  • 2.4. Global ITS Development-Introduction
    • 2.4.1. Europe
    • 2.4.2. Japan
    • 2.4.3. Standardization
      • 2.4.3.1. National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP)
  • 2.5. Technologies
  • 2.6. ITS Applications

3.0 5.9 GHz DSRC Basis

  • 3.1. General
  • 3.2. IEEE 802.11p
    • 3.2.1. General
    • 3.2.2. Objectives and Status
    • 3.2.3. Details
      • 3.2.3.1. ASTM Standard
  • 3.3. IEEE 1609
    • 3.3.1. General
    • 3.3.2. Overview
    • 3.3.3. IEEE 1609 in Use
  • 3.4. Summary

4.0 5.9 GHz DSRC Development

  • 4.1. General
  • 4.2. History
  • 4.3. Equipment
  • 4.4. Details: Dedicated Short Range Communications
  • 4.5. Channel Designation
  • 4.6. Place
  • 4.7. Applications
  • 4.8. Summary: DSRC (5.9 GHz) Transmission Characteristics (U.S.)
  • 4.9. DSRC at Work
    • 4.9.1. Service Categories
    • 4.9.2. Requirements: DSRC
  • 4.10. Regulation
    • 4.10.1. Licensing
  • 4.11. Comparison

5.0 DSRC Worldwide Standard Activity

  • 5.1. General
    • 5.1.1. Coordination
  • 5.2. Process

6.0 5.9 GHz DSRC Benefits and Limitations

  • 6.1. General
    • 6.1.2. Toll Industry Benefits
  • 6.2. Limitations

7.0 Market: 5.9 GHz DSRC

  • 7.1. Market Drivers
  • 7.2. Market Requirements
  • 7.3. Data
  • 7.4. Market Estimate

8.0 DSRC Equipment Vendors

  • Arinc
  • Kapsch
  • Mark IVHS (Acquired by Kapsch in 2010)
  • Oki
  • Q-Free
  • Raytheon
  • Savari
  • Sirit
  • TransCore
  • TechnoCom

9.0 CALM: Continuous Air-interface, Long and Medium Range

  • 9.1. Goals
    • 9.1.1. Vehicle- Infrastructure
  • 9.2. Specifics
  • 9.3. ISO TC 204 WG 16
    • 9.3.1. IPv6 and NEMO
  • 9.4. CALM: International Efforts
  • 9.5. CALM: Applications
  • 9.6. Major Features
  • 9.7. Issues

10.0 CEN and ITU

  • 10.1. General
  • 10.2. CEN and ITS
  • 10.3. ITU

11.0 ETSI

12.0 IETF

13.0 4G Technologies

  • 13.1. Wireless Revolution or Evolution?
    • 13.1.1. 4G as 3G Successor
  • 13.2. Requirements
  • 13.3. Typical Features
  • 13.4. Choice

14.0 Long Term Evolution (LTE): Technology and Market

  • 14.1. 3GPP and LTE
    • 14.1.1. LTE Timetable
    • 14.1.2. Broadband Wireless Communications-Phases
    • 14.1.3. LTE Standardization - Industry Collaboration
      • 14.1.3.1. Industry Initiative
  • 14.2. Key Features of LTE
    • 14.2.1. Details
      • 14.2.1.1. Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN)
      • 14.2.1.2. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
      • 14.2.1.3. LTE Advanced
      • 14.2.1.4. SON
    • 14.2.2. Benefits
      • 14.2.2.1. Voice Support
        • 14.2.2.1.1. VoLTE
  • 14.3. SAE/EPS
    • 14.3.1. Functional Structure
    • 14.3.2. Interfaces
  • 14.4. Market
    • 14.4.1. Demand: Wireless Broadband
    • 14.4.2. LTE Market Projections
  • 14.5. Vendors
    • 4M Wireless
    • Agilent
    • Altair Semiconductor
    • Alcatel-Lucent-NEC
    • Altera
    • Aricent
    • Axis
    • Commagility
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Infineon
    • Huawei
    • Lime Microsystems
    • mimoON
    • Motorola
    • Nokia Siemens Networks
    • NXP
    • picoChip
    • Qualcomm
    • Samsung
    • Starent (Cisco)
    • TI
    • Sequans
    • Signalion
    • ZTE
  • 14.6. LTE and ITS

15.0 Smart Sensors Technology - ITS Specifics

  • 15.1. Smart Sensor Structure
    • 15.1.1. Classification - SMART SENSOR
    • 15.1.2. Details
      • 15.1.2.1. WSN-SMART SENSOR
      • 15.1.2.2. Requirements
  • 15.2. Networking
    • 15.2.1. Features of Mesh Structures
    • 15.2.2. Benefits and Limitations
  • 15.3. Details of Applications - WSN
  • 15.4. Standardization: IEEE 1451
    • 15.4.1. General
    • 15.4.2. Family
    • 15.4.3. Details
  • 15.5. ITS and WSN
  • 15.6. Challenges
  • 15.7. Market Characteristics
    • 15.7.1. General
    • 15.7.2. Market Estimate
    • 15.7.3. Trends
  • 15.8. WSN Equipment Vendors
    • BAE Systems
    • BBN
    • Crossbow - Moog Crossbow (WSN)
    • Crane - WMS (Acquired by Textron in 2010) (WSN-ZigBee)
    • Dust Networks (USG-Mesh)
    • Elta (Sensors)
    • Exensor (WSN nodes)
    • Intel (Chipsets)
    • Freescale (Sensors)
    • Harris (SMART SENSOR)
    • IWT (Mesh)
    • L3 (SMART SENSOR)
    • McQ (SMART SENSOR)
    • MeshDynamics (Mesh)
    • Millennial Net (Mesh-SMART SENSOR)
    • MeshNetics-Atmel (WSN Software)
    • Newtrax (WSN-mesh, SMART SENSOR)
    • Nelco (Sensors Systems)
    • NorthropGrumman (SMART SENSOR)
    • Octave Technologies (SW, WSN)
    • Qual-Tron (Sensors)
    • Rheinmetall (SMART SENSOR)
    • Selex (SMART SENSOR)
    • Sensys (ITS Sensors)
    • Sensicast (WSN)
    • Smart Sensor Systems (Sensor Modules)
    • SmartMicro (Radars Sensors - ITS)
    • Strix (Mesh)
    • Telonics (Sensors)
    • TextRon (SMART SENSOR)
    • Thales (SMART SENSOR)
    • Trident (SMART SENSOR-UWB)
    • Wavetronix (Sensors - ITS)
    • Zeltech (SMART SENSOR)

16.0 Conclusions

APPENDIX I: ISO ITS Standards

APPENDIX II: ITS-related National and International Standards

LIST OF FIGURES:

  • Figure 1: Wireless Communications: ITS Environment
  • Figure 2: ITS Architecture
  • Figure 3: ITS Standardization
  • Figure 4: NTCIP Structure
  • Figure 5: Communications Model: WAVE
  • Figure 6: Protocol Stack
  • Figure 7: Illustration - IEEE 1609 Standards
  • Figure 8: ITS-DSRC
  • Figure 9: 5.9 GHz DSRC: Spectrum Allocation Details
  • Figure 10: Channel Assignment - 5.9 GHz DSRC
  • Figure 11: Major Categories-5.9 GHz DSRC Services
  • Figure 12: Collision Detection/Avoidance System
  • Figure 13: Work Zone Warning
  • Figure 14: “Smart” Car
  • Figure 15: 5.9 GHz DSRC Rate vs. Distance
  • Figure 16: Logical Flow
  • Figure 17: DSRC Frequencies Planning
  • Figure 18: 5.9 GHz DSRC Program Schedule
  • Figure 19: N.A. 5.9 GHz DSRC Program
  • Figure 20: TAM U.S. 5.9 GHz DSRC Tag ($B)
  • Figure 21: TAM U.S. 5.9 GHz DSRC Tag (Units Mil.)
  • Figure 22: TAM U.S. 5.9 GHz DSRC Readers (Unit Mil.)
  • Figure 23: TAM U.S. 5.9 GHz DSRC Readers ($M)
  • Figure 24: CALM: Infrastructure-Vehicle
  • Figure 25: CALM Architecture
  • Figure 26: Evolution Path
  • Figure 27: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband
  • Figure 28: LTE - IP
  • Figure 29: Projection: Global Broadband Mobile Subscribers Base (B)
  • Figure 30: LTE Market-Subscribers' Base (M)
  • Figure 31: Projection: LTE Global Equipment Sale ($B)
  • Figure 32: Service Operation Center
  • Figure 33: Two Groups
  • Figure 34: SMART SENSOR-Functions
  • Figure 35: SMART SENSOR Technologies
  • Figure 36: WSN-SMART SENSOR Node
  • Figure 37: TAM - WSN Nodes Sales-Commercial - Global ($B)
  • Figure 38: TAM-WSN Node Sales - Commercial -Global (M Units)
  • Figure 39: SMART SENSOR Market Geographical Segmentation
  • Figure 40: SMART SENSOR Network Sizing

LIST OF TABLES:

  • Table 1: Services
  • Table 2: 5.9 GHz DSRC U.S. Characteristics
  • Table 3: Events Priorities
  • Table 4: Requirements
  • Table 5: Service-related Characteristics
  • Table 6: 915 MHz and 5.9 GHz DSRC Differences
  • Table 7: 5.9 GHz DSRC Standards
  • Table 8: DSRC Advantages
  • Table 9: DSRC Benefits
  • Table 10: CALM-WG16
  • Table 11: ETSI ITS-related Standards
  • Table 12: 3G and 4G Features
  • Table 13: 3GPP Releases
  • Table 14: Major LTE Characteristics
  • Table 15: LTE Frequency Bands
  • Table 16: Release 8 Users Equipment Categories
  • Table 17: ITS-WSN Applications
  • Table 18: SMART SENSOR Node-Price Components
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