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無線パーソナルエリアネットワーク(WPAN)開発のトレンド:技術と市場の評価

Trends in Wireless Personal Area Networks Development: Assessment Technologies and Markets

発行 Practel, Inc. 商品コード 137832
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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こちらの商品の販売は終了いたしました。
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無線パーソナルエリアネットワーク(WPAN)開発のトレンド:技術と市場の評価 Trends in Wireless Personal Area Networks Development: Assessment Technologies and Markets
出版日: 2010年11月18日 ページ情報: 英文

当商品の販売は、2016年07月01日を持ちまして終了しました。

概要

多様化するユーザーのニーズに対応できる新たなアプリケーションへの需要が高まるなか、無線LANよりも狭い範囲で使用される無線パーソナルエリアネットワーク(WPAN)技術の開発が進んでおり、その市場も、室内の環境からホームエリアネットワーク(HAN)、高度な機能を持つ軍用システムへと広がりつつあります。

当レポートは、WPAN技術とその市場を取り上げ、超広帯域無線技術のUWBや家電向け短距離無線規格のZigBee、近年注目を集めている可視光通信技術VLCなどの開発状況や関連企業各社の動向をまとめたもので、HDTVなどの家電製品間で高品位の動画や音声などを無線でやり取りするための技術なども紹介し、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

  • ネットワーキング
  • 定義
  • 調査範囲
  • 詳細
  • WPANの用途
  • 調査方法
  • 対象となる読者

第2章 WPANと無線技術

  • Ultra Wideband(UWB)
    • 停滞する市場
    • これまでの歴史
    • 利点
    • 定義
    • 通信速度
    • 周波数帯の割り当て
    • 規制
    • 主な特徴
    • 標準
    • 市場の評価
    • UWBとWPAN
    • 業界
      • Alereon(チップセット)
      • Camero(レーダー、緊急対応機器)
      • Gefen(デバイス)
      • General Atomics(チップセット)
      • Multispectral(Zebra)
      • Pulse~ Link(チップセット)
      • RealTek(IC)
      • Sigma Designs(チップセット)
      • Time Domain(通信機器およびレーダー用のチップセット融合製品)
      • Ubisense(RFID追跡装置)
      • Wisair(WUSBチップセット)
  • ZigBee−IEEE802.15.4
    • 総論
    • デバイスのタイプ
    • プロトコルスタック
    • 上位層
    • 相互運用性
    • セキュリティ
    • プラットフォームの問題点
    • 技術面の利点と制約
    • 標準化プロセス
    • ZigBeeの役割
    • 市場
    • 業界
      • Amber(無線モジュールとシステム)
      • Alektrona(ゲートウェイ)
      • Atmel(チップセット)
      • Awarepoint(医療システム)
      • Cirronet-RFM(産業オートメーションモジュール)
      • Digi(モジュール)
      • Ember(チップセット、ソフトウェア)
      • Helicomm(モジュール)
      • Jennic(チップセットモジュール)−2010年にNXPが買収
      • Freescale(チップセット)
      • Meshnetics(ハードウェア、ソフトウェア)
      • Laird(モジュール)
      • M&R Lawugger GmbH(ソフトウェア、モジュール)
      • Nanotron(チップセット)
      • NXP Semiconductor
      • OKIセミコンダクタ
      • パナソニック(モジュール)
      • Radiocrafts(モジュール)
      • RadioPulse(チップ)
      • ルネサス(プラットフォーム)
      • ST(モジュール)
      • SyChip
      • Telegesis(モジュール)
      • TI(チップセット)
  • 可視光通信(VLC)
    • 総論
    • 詳細
    • 企業と団体
      • ECMA
      • 中川研究所
      • NEC
      • Siemens
      • タムラ製作所
  • 帯域幅集約型アプリケーションに対応するWPAN
    • 新たな業界
    • 60GHz無線技術
    • ミリ波技術
    • AmimonのWHDI技術
  • 比較

第3章 結論

図表

目次

WPAN technologies are continuing to be developed, responding to demand for new applications that can satisfy diversified and dynamic users' requirements. WPAN market segments are now spreading from a room environment, Home Area Networks and up to sophisticated military applications.

This report reflects dynamics of WPAN developmental trends; and particular, addresses:

UWB WPAN. The UWB industry is suffering from severe downturn. Several companies went out of business; other changed their profiles or merged.

This is a result of:

  • Severe competition and relatively high cost of this technology
  • Uncertainty in the standards direction
  • Unstable regulatory climate.

Currently, the industry concentrates on the following major applications:

  • RTLS
  • WUSB
  • Military
  • Radar.

In the analyzed time period, the UWB WPAN market will show little progress. It seems, though, that such a downturn is only temporary. There are indications of the regulatory stabilization (the FCC, in 2010, reaffirmed the UWB rights on existence (ET Docket No. 98-153 and ET Docket No. 04-352; effective by November 12, 2010); EU supports several UWB projects based on participation of leading vendors and research organizations). UWB value for WPAN is clear; and this technology will be given more opportunities to prove its place in the WPAN development.

ZigBee/802.15.4. This technology is one of the leaders on the WPAN market; it can cover multiple applications that can be satisfied by low-to-middle rates transmission. The technology is standardized, but it still dynamically responds to the extended users' requirements. It concentrates on applications that need networking of devices with extremely low power consumption, survivability and low cost. Examples of such applications include HANs, WSNs, and even remote control. The ZigBee Alliance is steadily developing new profiles, extending ZigBee specifics from Health Care to Smart Grid applications.

The ZigBee market shows all signs of progress that reflects this technology value for WPANs.

Visible Light Communications (VLC). The report addresses the emerging VLC technology as one of potential leaders in the WPAN development with a wide range of characteristics suitable for variety of applications. The technology is still in the standardization stage (IEEE 802.15.7 and other). It promises to cover areas from several kilometers (with Kb/s speed); and supports communications with the speed of several hundred Mb/s at the smaller distances (4-10 meters). Its most attractive feature is that VLC, in many cases, can be built on the existing illumination infrastructures (for example, modulating LEDs.) Due to the fact that solid state lighting devices will prevail as a source of light in near future, office buildings, rooms, cars and other can use such added-value communications. First commercialized VLC products are expected in 2012-2014.

WPAN for Bandwidth - intensive Applications. Rapid emerging of HDTV and related CE demand building WPANs with multiple Gb/s speeds to distribute uncompressed signals between various devices in a room or even in a house. Several WPAN technologies are emerging in this segment of the market. The most advanced are:

60 GHz radio. The report analyzes WirelessHD - IEEE 802.15.3c, ECMA and WiGig developments. The technologies may have a different basis (for example, WiGig is an extension of Wi-Fi), but all of them are united by the fact that they can support several Gb/s communications between CE devices that transmit uncompressed HD V/A. There are first commercial WirelessHD products on the market; with WiGig prototyping. The market is expected to reach sizable volume in 2012-2013.

WHDI (Amimon). WHDI is another technology to build bandwidth-intensive WPANs. These radios explore the 5 GHz band; and use sophisticated encoding of HD V/A signals. The WHDI products are in a market starting from 2008; there are multiple cooperation examples between Amimon and CE vendors. As the company stated, the technology can cover communications between CE devices located anywhere in a house.

The market segment for WPAN with bandwidth-intensive applications is still wide open, and it promises high rewards. The market is not restricted by technologies that are addressed in the report; there are other companies that are also introducing vendor-specific solutions.

The report analyzes all above technologies, their potentials and markets. The report is developed for a large audience of technical and managerial staff who is involved in the development of WPAN and related communications.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1Beginning
  • 1.2 Networking
  • 1.3 Definition
    • 1.3.1 Paradigm
    • 1.3.2 4G and WPAN
  • 1.4 Scope
  • 1.5 Details
    • 1.5.1 Bluetooth
    • 1.5.2 IEEE 802.15.3a and UWB
    • 1.5.3 Millimeter-Wave Technology
    • 1.5.4 IEEE 802.15.4
    • 1.5.5 VLC
  • 1.6 WPAN Applications: Examples
    • 1.6.1 Retailers
    • 1.6.2 Route Delivery
    • 1.6.3 Industrial Applications
    • 1.6.4 Sharing Data in Meetings
    • 1.6.5 Body-Centric Communication
    • 1.6.6 Public Safety Communications (PSC)
    • 1.6.7 Healthcare
    • 1.6.8 Military
  • 1.7 Research Methodology
  • 1.8 Target Audience

2.0 WPAN and Radio Technologies

  • 2.1 Ultra Wideband (UWB)
    • 2.1.1 Downturn
    • 2.1.2 General: History
    • 2.1.3 Benefits
    • 2.1.4 Definition
    • 2.1.5 Rates
    • 2.1.6 Spectrum Allocation
    • 2.1.7 Regulations
    • 2.1.8 Major Features
    • 2.1.9 Standards
      • 2.1.9.1 Multiband OFDM
      • 2.1.9.2 DS-UWB
      • 2.1.9.3 Groups
      • 2.1.9.4 ECMA
      • 2.1.9.5 WiNET
      • 2.1.9.6 EC
    • 2.1.10 Market Estimate
      • 2.1.10.1 General
      • 2.1.10.2 Geographical Segmentation
      • 2.1.10.3 Forecast
    • 2.1.11 UWB and WPAN
    • 2.1.12 Industry
      • Alereon (chipsets)
      • Camero (radar, equipment for first responders)
      • Gefen (Device)
      • General Atomics (chipsets)
      • Multispectral (Zebra)
      • Pulse~ Link (chipsets)
      • RealTek (IC)
      • Sigma Designs (Chipset)
      • Time Domain (chipsets-fusion of communications & radar)
      • Ubisense (RFID-tracking)
      • Wisair (WUSB-chipsets)
  • 2.2 ZigBee-IEEE802.15.4
    • 2.2.1 General
      • 2.2.1.1 Major features
      • 2.2.1.2 Major Traffic Types
    • 2.2.2 Device Types
    • 2.2.3 Protocol Stack
      • 2.2.3.1 Physical and MAC Layers - IEEE802.15.4
        • 2.2.3.1.1 Frame
    • 2.2.4 Upper Layers
    • 2.2.5 Interoperability
    • 2.2.6 Security
    • 2.2.7 Platform Considerations
      • 2.2.7.1 Battery Life
    • 2.2.8 Technology Benefits and Limitations
    • 2.2.9 Standardization Process
      • 2.2.9.1 ZigBee Alliance
        • 2.2.9.1.1 Objectives
      • 2.2.9.2 802.15.4- ZigBee Basis
      • 2.2.9.3 IEEE 802.15.4 Radio
      • 2.2.9.4 Application Specifics
    • 2.2.10 ZigBee Role
    • 2.2.11 Market
      • 2.2.11.1 Expectations
      • 2.2.11.2 Segments
      • 2.2.11.3 Forecast
    • 2.2.12 Industry
      • Amber (RF Modules and Systems)
      • Alektrona (Gateways)
      • Atmel (Chipsets)
      • Awarepoint (Health Care System)
      • Cirronet-RFM (Modules Industrial Automation)
      • Digi (Modules)
      • Ember (Chipsets, SW)
      • Helicomm (Modules)
      • Jennic (Chipsets-Modules) - Acquired by NXP in 2010
      • Freescale (Chipsets)
      • Meshnetics (HW, SW)
      • Laird (Modules)
      • M&R Lawugger GmbH (SW, Modules)
      • Nanotron (Chipsets)
      • NXP Semiconductor
      • Oki Semiconductor
      • Panasonic (Modules)
      • Radiocrafts (Modules)
      • RadioPulse (Chips)
      • Renesas (Platforms)
      • ST (modules)
      • SyChip
      • Telegesis (Modules)
      • TI (Chipsets)
  • 2.3 Visible Light Communications
    • 2.3.1 General
      • 2.3.1.1 Free Space Optics and VLC
    • 2.3.2 Details
      • 2.3.2.1 Communications Channel
      • 2.3.2.2 Transmitter
      • 2.3.2.3 Receiver
      • 2.3.2.4 Major Characteristics
        • 2.3.2.4.1 Limiting Factors
      • 2.3.2.5 LED Evolution
        • 2.3.2.5.1 General
        • 2.3.2.5.2 Development and Market
      • 2.3.2.6 Applications
      • 2.3.2.7 VLC Standards Development
        • 2.3.2.7.1 The IEEE
          • 2.3.2.7.1.1 Considerations
          • 2.3.2.7.1.2 Project
        • 2.3.2.7.2 Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
        • 2.3.2.7.3 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)
          • 2.3.2.7.3.1 General
          • 2.3.2.7.3.2 Experimental Systems- VLCC Projects
    • 2.3.3 Companies and Organizations
      • ECMA
      • Nakagawa Laboratories
      • NEC
      • Siemens
      • Tamura
  • 2.4 WPAN for Bandwidth-intensive Applications
    • 2.4.1 New Industry
    • 2.4.2 60 GHz Radio
      • 2.4.2.1 General
      • 2.4.2.2 Opportunities
      • 2.4.2.3 Characteristics
      • 2.4.2.4 Specifics
      • 2.4.2.5 Benefits and Challenges
      • 2.4.2.6 Specifics of Applications
    • 2.4.3 mm-Wave Technologies
      • 2.4.3.1 General
      • 2.4.3.2 WirelessHD
        • 2.4.3.2.1 Group
        • 2.4.3.2.2 Goal
        • 2.4.3.2.3 Details: WirelessHD Technology
        • 2.4.3.2.4 Completion: Specification
        • 2.4.3.2.5 Progress and Issues
        • 2.4.3.2.6 Market Estimate
        • 2.4.3.2.7 Industry
          • Agilent (Test platform)
          • Cables To Go (WiHD Device)
          • LG
          • SiBeam (Chipsets)
      • 2.4.3.3 IEEE 802.15.3c-Physical Layer of WiHD
        • 2.4.3.3.1 Current Status and Details
        • 2.4.3.3.2 Benefits
        • 2.4.3.3.3 IBM-MediaTek (Chipsets for 60 GHz - 802.15.3c)
      • 2.4.3.4 Wi-Fi Extension- WiGig
      • 2.4.3.5 ECMA
    • 2.4.4 Amimon - WHDI
      • 2.4.4.1 General
      • 2.4.4.2 Principle
      • 2.4.4.3 Industry
  • 2.5 Comparison

3.0 Conclusions

Table of Figures:

  • Figure 1: WPAN Place - IEEE
  • Figure 2: UWB Spectrum
  • Figure 3: DS-UWB Spectrum Characteristics
  • Figure 4: Spectrum Regulations-UWB
  • Figure 5: TAM: Global UWB IC Revenue ($B)
  • Figure 6: TAM: Global UWB IC (Unit M)
  • Figure 7: ZigBee Protocol Stack
  • Figure 8: ZigBee Compliant Platform
  • Figure 9: TAM: U.S. ZigBee Chipsets Sale ($B)
  • Figure 10: TAM: U.S. ZigBee Chipsets Sale (Mil Units)
  • Figure 11: ZigBee: Market Segments Distribution (2010)
  • Figure 12: ZigBee Market: Home Segment
  • Figure 13: ZigBee Market: Industry Segment
  • Figure 14: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 15: U.S. LED Bulbs for Illumination: Market Size ($B)
  • Figure 16: U.S. LED Bulbs for Illumination: Market Size (Mil Units)
  • Figure 17: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources
  • Figure 18: 60 GHz “Open” Spectrum
  • Figure 19: TAM: U.S. WiHD Equipment Sales ($M US)
  • Figure 20: TAM: US WiHD Equipment Sales (Channel Pair; Units 000)
  • Figure 21: IEEE802.15 Structure

Table of Tables:

  • Table 1: MB-OFDM UWB Spectrum Designation
  • Table 2: Comparison: DS-UWB and MB-OFDM
  • Table 3: Parameters
  • Table 4: VLC Properties
  • Table 5: VLC, IR and RF Communications Applications Comparison
  • Table 6: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
  • Table 7: Use Cases
  • Table 8: Bandwidth Utilization Details
  • Table 9: HDV Formats and Required Speed
  • Table 10: Attenuation
  • Table 11: Properties
  • Table 12: WPAN Technologies
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