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自動車の燃費向上技術 - 省燃費に向けたパワートレインおよびボディ工学技術:世界市場分析・予測

Automotive Fuel Efficiency Technologies - Powertrain and Body Engineering Technologies for Improved Fuel Economy: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

発行 Navigant Research 商品コード 321851
出版日 ページ情報 英文 95 Pages; 69 Tables, Charts & Figures
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自動車の燃費向上技術 - 省燃費に向けたパワートレインおよびボディ工学技術:世界市場分析・予測 Automotive Fuel Efficiency Technologies - Powertrain and Body Engineering Technologies for Improved Fuel Economy: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts
出版日: 2014年12月18日 ページ情報: 英文 95 Pages; 69 Tables, Charts & Figures
概要

厳しさを増すCO2など温暖化ガス排出制限の国際基準が最重要ファクターに転じて、世界の自動車メーカーは生産車両の燃費向上に励むようになりました。また、消費者も液体燃料の価格上昇から、よりよい燃費を求めています。エンジンの小型化と共に、車両の軽量化もドライビング性能維持に寄与する一方、それによって安全性を犠牲には出来ません。大幅なコスト上昇を避けながらハイブリッド車の省燃費を実現すべき時代が到来したのです。

当レポートでは、自動車燃費向上技術の世界市場に注目し、省燃費需要を推進する市場要因、燃費向上実現への有望技術、パワートレイン選択における地域差、小型車両向け軽量素材の潜在市場規模、過給器(ターボチャージャー)やアイドリングストップ機構の導入時期、小型エンジン普及の地域別実現性などについての最新情報を提供します。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

  • 概要
  • 市場課題
  • 技術課題
  • 市場予測

第2章 市場課題

  • イントロダクション
  • 燃費規制法
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア太平洋地域
    • その他の地域
  • 消費者の行動と志向
  • 排出規制法
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア太平洋地域
    • その他の地域
  • 世界比較:主要自動車市場
    • 小型車の燃費とGHG(温暖化ガス)排出量
    • 法執行
    • 大型車の燃費とGHG(温暖化ガス)排出量

第3章 技術課題

  • イントロダクション
  • ハイブリッド技術オプション
    • アイドリングストップ
    • マイルドハイブリッド
    • 完全並列型ハイブリッド
    • 直列ハイブリッド
    • プラグインハイブリッド電気自動車(PHEV)
    • 油圧ハイブリッド
  • エネルギーの回収と貯蔵
    • 電池
    • ウルトラコンデンサ
    • フライホイール
    • 油圧
  • 燃料
    • ガソリン
    • ディーゼル(軽油)
    • 天然ガス
    • プロパン
    • エタノール
    • 電力
    • 水素
  • エンジン
    • 気筒数
    • 燃料噴射
    • 高圧縮比
    • バルブ作動
    • エンジン内摩擦
    • ターボチャージ機能
    • スーパーチャージ機能
    • EGR(排気再循環)
    • エンジン素材
  • トランスミッション
    • MTとAT
    • デュアルクラッチ
    • 多段変速
  • シャーシ
    • 部品重量
    • ブレーキ
    • 全輪駆動
    • タイヤ
    • 補機駆動
    • エネルギー回収
  • ボディ
    • 質量低減
    • 設計考察

第4章 主要参入企業

  • ブランドメーカー
    • Audi AG
    • BMW AG
    • Daimler AG
    • Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV
    • Ford Motor Company
    • GM
    • 本田技研工業
    • Hyundai Motor Company
    • マツダ
    • 三菱自動車
    • 日産自動車
    • PSA
    • Renault S.A.
    • トヨタ自動車
    • Volvo Car Corp.
    • VW
  • 大手サプライヤー
    • アイシングループ
    • BorgWarner
    • Continental AG
    • Delphi Automotive
    • デンソー
    • Honeywell Turbo Technologies
    • Johnson Controls
    • Magna International
    • Robert Bosch
    • Schaeffler Technologies
    • TRW Automotive
    • Valeo
    • ZF Friedrichshafen AG
  • 素材サプライヤー
    • Alcoa
    • ArcelorMittal
    • Novelis
    • SGL Group
  • その他のサプライヤー
    • DeltaWing Technologies
    • GKN Hybrid Power
    • Torotrak Group

第5章 市場予測

  • 小型車の世界市場
  • 地域別売上高 - パワートレイン別
  • エンジンサイズの動向 - 地域別
  • 結論および提言
  • エンジン技術
    • ターボチャージャー
    • オルタネータ始動(アイドリングストップ)機構
  • 軽量素材
    • アルミニウム
    • マグネシウム
    • 炭素繊維

第6章 企業ディレクトリー

第7章 頭字語・略語一覧

第8章 索引

第9章 図表一覧

第10章 調査範囲、情報源および調査方法、注釈

目次
Product Code: AFET-14

Powertrain and Body Engineering Technologies for Improved Fuel Economy: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Increasingly strict global standards to limit CO2 and other greenhouse gases will be the most important factor that drives global automotive manufacturers to improve the fuel efficiency of their vehicles. With rising liquid fuel costs, consumer demand also supports the need for better fuel economy. Reducing vehicle weight allows the maintenance of driving performance with smaller engines, but safety standards must still be maintained. Automotive manufacturers are looking for ways to achieve the fuel savings of hybrid vehicles at a significantly lower cost premium.

Multiple factors are driving manufacturers to produce more efficient vehicles. Global government standards are converging, and there are financial penalties for failing to meet them in some regions. Consumers are demanding better fuel economy from new vehicles, though demand varies depending on the vehicle segment. Meanwhile, global new vehicle production is expected to increase slowly but steadily through 2025, especially in the Asia Pacific region. Although the use of alternative fuels and electric power is expected to continue growing, gasoline is anticipated to remain the leading fuel, with a strong trend toward stop-start vehicles. According to Navigant Research, global light duty vehicle (LDV) sales are expected to grow from 84 million in 2014 to 109 million in 2025.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the emerging global market for technologies that improve fuel economy. The study examines the consumer demand and regulatory background related to features and lightweight materials for increasing fuel efficiency in vehicles. Global market forecasts for LDV sales, segmented by powertrain, region, and number of cylinders, extend through 2025. Additional forecasts by region are provided for the volumes and associated revenue of key fuel efficient systems and materials. The report also examines the approach of the leading vehicle manufacturers, suppliers, and industry players and evaluates how the market for lighter and more efficient vehicle technologies will evolve.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What are the market forces driving the need for better fuel economy?
  • Which technologies are being implemented to make vehicles more fuel efficient?
  • How different are the six world regions in terms of choice of powertrain?
  • What is the potential size of the market for lighter materials for light duty vehicles (LDVs)?
  • How quickly will turbocharging and stop-start systems be implemented?
  • When will downsized engines become preferred in each world region?

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Overview
  • 1.2. Market Issues
  • 1.3. Technology Issues
  • 1.4. Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Fuel Economy Legislation
    • 2.2.1. North America
      • 2.2.1.1. United States
        • 2.2.1.1.1. Model Years 2012 to 2016
        • 2.2.1.1.2. MY 2017 to MY 2025
        • 2.2.1.1.3. Heavy Duty Vehicles
        • 2.2.1.1.4. Costs and Benefits of CAFE Standards
      • 2.2.1.2. Canada
    • 2.2.2. Europe
    • 2.2.3. Asia Pacific
      • 2.2.3.1. China
        • 2.2.3.1.1. LDVs
        • 2.2.3.1.2. HDVs
      • 2.2.3.2. Japan
        • 2.2.3.2.1. LDVs
        • 2.2.3.2.2. HDV
      • 2.2.3.3. India
      • 2.2.3.4. South Korea
    • 2.2.4. Rest of the World
  • 2.3. Consumer Attitudes and Preferences
  • 2.4. Emissions Legislation
    • 2.4.1. North America
      • 2.4.1.1. United States
        • 2.4.1.1.1. MY 2012 to MY 2016
        • 2.4.1.1.2. MY 2017 to MY 2025
        • 2.4.1.1.3. HDVs
        • 2.4.1.1.4. Zero Emissions Vehicle Mandates
      • 2.4.1.2. Canada
        • 2.4.1.2.1. MY 2011 to MY 2016
        • 2.4.1.2.2. MY 2017 to MY 2025
        • 2.4.1.2.3. HDVs
    • 2.4.2. Europe
      • 2.4.2.1. LDVs
      • 2.4.2.2. HDVs
      • 2.4.2.3. Phasing-In of Requirements
      • 2.4.2.4. Fines for Non-Compliance
    • 2.4.3. Asia Pacific
      • 2.4.3.1. China
        • 2.4.3.1.1. LDVs
        • 2.4.3.1.2. HDVs
      • 2.4.3.2. Japan
        • 2.4.3.2.1. LDVs
        • 2.4.3.2.2. HDVs
      • 2.4.3.3. India
      • 2.4.3.4. South Korea
    • 2.4.4. Rest of the World
  • 2.5. Global Comparisons: Major Automotive Markets
    • 2.5.1. LD Fuel Economy and GHG Emissions
    • 2.5.2. Enforcement
    • 2.5.3. HD Fuel Economy and GHG Emissions

3. Technology Issues

  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Hybrid Options
    • 3.2.1. Stop-Start
    • 3.2.2. Mild Hybrid
    • 3.2.3. Full Parallel Hybrid
    • 3.2.4. Series Hybrid
    • 3.2.5. PHEV
    • 3.2.6. Hydraulic Hybrid
  • 3.3. Energy Recovery and Storage
    • 3.3.1. Battery
    • 3.3.2. Ultracapacitor
    • 3.3.3. Flywheel
    • 3.3.4. Hydraulic
  • 3.4. Fuel
    • 3.4.1. Gasoline
    • 3.4.2. Diesel
    • 3.4.3. Natural Gas
    • 3.4.4. Propane
    • 3.4.5. Ethanol
    • 3.4.6. Electricity
    • 3.4.7. Hydrogen
  • 3.5. Engine
    • 3.5.1. Number of Cylinders
    • 3.5.2. Fuel Injection
    • 3.5.3. Higher Compression
    • 3.5.4. Valve Actuation
    • 3.5.5. Internal Engine Friction
    • 3.5.6. Turbocharging
    • 3.5.7. Supercharging
    • 3.5.8. EGR
    • 3.5.9. Engine Materials
  • 3.6. Transmissions
    • 3.6.1. Manual versus Automatic
    • 3.6.2. Dual-Clutch
    • 3.6.3. Multiple Ratios
  • 3.7. Chassis
    • 3.7.1. Component Weights
    • 3.7.2. Brakes
    • 3.7.3. All-Wheel Drive
    • 3.7.4. Tires
    • 3.7.5. Accessory Drives
    • 3.7.6. Energy Recovery
  • 3.8. Body
    • 3.8.1. Mass Reduction
      • 3.8.1.1. Steel
      • 3.8.1.2. Aluminum
      • 3.8.1.3. Magnesium
      • 3.8.1.4. Carbon Fiber
      • 3.8.1.5. Glass Fiber
    • 3.8.2. Design Considerations
      • 3.8.2.1. Structural Stiffness
      • 3.8.2.2. Crash Energy Absorption
      • 3.8.2.3. Noise, Vibration, and Harshness
      • 3.8.2.4. Aerodynamics
      • 3.8.2.5. Repair

4. Key Industry Players

  • 4.1. OEMs
    • 4.1.1. Audi AG
    • 4.1.2. BMW AG
    • 4.1.3. Daimler AG
    • 4.1.4. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV
    • 4.1.5. Ford Motor Company
    • 4.1.6. GM
    • 4.1.7. Honda Motor Company
    • 4.1.8. Hyundai Motor Company
    • 4.1.9. Mazda Motor Corp.
    • 4.1.10. Mitsubishi Motors Corp.
    • 4.1.11. Nissan Motor Company
    • 4.1.12. PSA
    • 4.1.13. Renault S.A.
    • 4.1.14. Toyota Motor Corp.
    • 4.1.15. Volvo Car Corp.
    • 4.1.16. VW
  • 4.2. Tier One Suppliers
    • 4.2.1. Aisin Group
    • 4.2.2. BorgWarner
    • 4.2.3. Continental AG
    • 4.2.4. Delphi Automotive
    • 4.2.5. DENSO
    • 4.2.6. Honeywell Turbo Technologies
    • 4.2.7. Johnson Controls
    • 4.2.8. Magna International
    • 4.2.9. Robert Bosch
    • 4.2.10. Schaeffler Technologies
    • 4.2.11. TRW Automotive
    • 4.2.12. Valeo
    • 4.2.13. ZF Friedrichshafen AG
  • 4.3. Materials Suppliers
    • 4.3.1. Alcoa
    • 4.3.2. ArcelorMittal
    • 4.3.3. Novelis
    • 4.3.4. SGL Group
    • 4.4. Other Suppliers
    • 4.4.1. DeltaWing Technologies
    • 4.4.2. GKN Hybrid Power
    • 4.4.3. Torotrak Group

5. Market Forecasts

  • 5.1. Global LDV Market
  • 5.2. Regional Sales by Powertrain
    • 5.2.1. North America
  • 5.5. Engine Size Trend by Region
    • 5.5.1. North America
    • 5.5.2. Western Europe
    • 5.5.3. Eastern Europe
    • 5.5.4. Asia Pacific
    • 5.5.5. Latin America
    • 5.5.6. Middle East & Africa
  • 5.6 Conclusions and Recommendations
    • 5.2.2. Western Europe
    • 5.2.3. Eastern Europe
    • 5.2.4. Asia Pacific
    • 5.2.5. Latin America
    • 5.2.6. Middle East & Africa
  • 5.3. Engine Technology
    • 5.3.1. Turbochargers
    • 5.3.2. Starter-Alternators
  • 5.4. Lightweight Materials
    • 5.4.1. Aluminum
    • 5.4.2. Magnesium
    • 5.4.3. Carbon Fiber

6. Company Directory

7. Acronym and Abbreviation List

8. Table of Contents

9. Table of Charts and Figures

10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Historical and Future Fuel Economy Targets for Passenger Vehicles by Region, Normalized to CAFE Test Cycle, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Historical and Future CO2 Emissions Targets for Passenger Vehicles by Region, Normalized to CAFE Test Cycle, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Market Percentage by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, North America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Western Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Eastern Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Asia Pacific: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Latin America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2025
  • Annual Sales Volume of Turbochargers by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Turbochargers by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Sales Volume of Starter-Alternators by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Starter-Alternators by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Volume of Aluminum Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Aluminum Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Volume of Magnesium Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Market Value of Magnesium Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Volume of Carbon Fiber Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Carbon Fiber Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, North America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Western Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Eastern Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Asia Pacific: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Latin America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2025
  • Comparison of Phase I (Industry Standard) and Phase II (National Standard) for Heavy Duty Vehicles, China
  • Regulatory Enforcement Mechanisms: Major Automotive Markets

List of Tables

  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Average Required Fuel Economy, CAFE Standards, by Vehicle Type, United States: 2012-2016
  • Fuel Economy Targets by Vehicle Type, United States: 2016-2025
  • Combination Tractor Fuel Economy Standards by Vehicle Class and Roof Height, United States: MY 2017
  • Vocational Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards by Vehicle Class, United States: MY 2017
  • Fuel Economy Petrol Targets by Vehicle Type, Europe: 2015-2021
  • Fuel Economy Diesel Targets by Vehicle Type, Europe: 2015-2021
  • Fuel Economy Targets by Vehicle Type, China: 2008-2020
  • Fuel Economy Targets by Vehicle Type, Japan: 2010-2020
  • ContractHireAndLeasing.com Survey, United Kingdom: 2014
  • Fleet Average Vehicle Emissions History and Targets by Vehicle Type, United States: 2012-2016
  • Vehicle Emissions Targets by Vehicle Type, United States: 2016-2025
  • Vehicle Emissions Targets by Vehicle Type, Europe: 2007-2021
  • CO2 Emissions Targets by Vehicle Type, Japan: 2010-2020
  • Historical and Future Fuel Economy Targets for Passenger Vehicles by Region, Normalized to CAFE Test Cycle, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Historical and Future CO2 Emissions Targets for Passenger Vehicles by Region, Normalized to CAFE Test Cycle, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Market Percentage by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, North America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Western Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Eastern Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Asia Pacific: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Latin America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Powertrain, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2025
  • Annual Sales Volume of Turbochargers by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Turbochargers by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Sales Volume of Starter-Alternators by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Starter-Alternators by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Volume of Aluminum Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Aluminum Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Volume of Magnesium Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Magnesium Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Volume of Carbon Fiber Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Annual Market Value of Carbon Fiber Used by Region, World Markets: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, North America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Western Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Eastern Europe: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Asia Pacific: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Latin America: 2014-2025
  • Light Duty Gasoline/Diesel Vehicle Sales by Number of Cylinders, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2025
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