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世界における直流 (DC) 配電網:通信・データセンター・商業ビル・軍事用リモート/グリッドタイ・ナノグリッドおよびマイクログリッド

Direct Current Distribution Networks: Remote and Grid-Tied Nanogrids and Microgrids for Telecom, Data Center, Commercial Building and Military Applications

発行 Navigant Research 商品コード 274237
出版日 ページ情報 英文 104 Pages; 86 Tables, Charts & Figures
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世界における直流 (DC) 配電網:通信・データセンター・商業ビル・軍事用リモート/グリッドタイ・ナノグリッドおよびマイクログリッド Direct Current Distribution Networks: Remote and Grid-Tied Nanogrids and Microgrids for Telecom, Data Center, Commercial Building and Military Applications
出版日: 2015年06月19日 ページ情報: 英文 104 Pages; 86 Tables, Charts & Figures
概要

直流 (DC) 配電網の市場は単純でまとまった状態ではなく、むしろ、置かれた条件も促進要因も異なる複数の要素 (通信塔、データセンター、電力網と連結した商業ビル、電力網から独立した軍事用送電網など) がばらばらに組み込まれた状態となっています。現在は、中電圧 (380〜400ボルト) 直流送電に対する関心が高まっています。その主な用途はデータセンター向け電力供給ですが、商業ビルでの活用も見込まれています。ただし、既存の直流送電は高電圧 (1000ボルト以上) か低電圧 (100ボルト以下) のものが主体であるため、異なる電圧帯に応じたシステムの構築が課題となっています。世界の直流配電ネットワークの市場規模は、2015年には28億米ドル、2025年には51億米ドルに達する、と予測されています。

当レポートでは、世界の直流式 (DC) 配電網市場について調査し、主な市場・技術動向のレビュー、地域・セグメント別のベンダー収益額 (今後10年間分) を予測するとともに、主要企業のプロファイルを取りまとめてお届けします。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

  • 直流 (DC) 配電ネットワーク:市場概要
  • 市場予測

第2章 市場課題

  • なぜ直流配電ネットワークなのか?
    • 高圧直流送電 (HVDC)
    • 低圧直流送電:Ethernet Allianceバージョン
    • ミッシングリンク:中電圧直流送電
  • 交流/直流配電ネットワーク
    • 交流配電ネットワークのビジネスケース
    • 直流配電ネットワークのビジネスケース
  • 直流配電ネットワーク:ナノグリッドかマイクログリッドか?
  • 直流配電ネットワークの現在の市場機会
    • データセンター
    • 商業ビル向けナノグリッド
    • オフグリッド式
    • オフグリッド (配電網が無い地域)/バッドグリッド (貧弱な地域) の通信塔
    • 直流配電網の軍事利用
  • 実行課題
    • 直流配電に関する公衆安全上の懸念
    • 天然ガスの低価格化の影響
    • 直流配電網と関連した、新たなビジネスモデルの必要性
  • 直流市場の促進因子
    • 中電圧直流配電の規格
    • ディーゼル燃料価格の高騰の影響
    • 交流電力網の信頼性低下に伴う、高品質電力網へのニーズ
    • 低所得者層戦略の進展

第3章 技術課題

  • 複数の電圧レベルに対応した、現実的な直流配電市場の登場
    • HVDCにシフトする理由
    • 低電圧直流送電にシフトする理由
    • 中電圧直流送電の普及促進
  • 直流配電ネットワーク用の革新的な部品の在庫
  • 直流式ブレーカーと保護リレー
  • DC-DCコンバーター、オプティマイザー、整流器
  • 直流式の分散型発電 (DC DG)
    • 太陽光発電
    • 燃料電池
  • 最新型のエネルギー貯蔵技術
    • 最新型鉛蓄電池
    • フライホイール
    • 最新型リチウムイオン電池
    • フロー電池
    • ナトリウム金属ハロゲン化物
  • UPSシステム
  • 直流式・商用ビル向けシステムの動向
  • 電気自動車 (EV) の直流充電
    • 直流式/交流式の建築物制御:PoE (Power over Ethernet)
  • ネットワークシステム制御装置:交流/直流アプローチ
    • 独自の直流制御方式に関する考察

第4章 主要企業

  • 競争環境の概要
  • 主な技術企業
    • ABB
    • Bosch
    • Eaton
    • Emerson Network Power
    • Johnson Controls
    • Siemens
  • 直流システムの開発企業とサプライヤー
    • Moixa
    • Nextek Power
    • Pareto Energy
    • Pika Energy
    • Win Inertia
  • 直流専用部品のサプライヤー
    • Armstrong Industries
    • Phillips Lighting
  • 戦術用軍需製品の専門業者
    • NextEnergy Center
  • 遠隔通信ネットワークの開発業者
    • Applied Solar Technologies
    • Flexenclosure

第5章 市場予測

  • 直流配電市場の予測:概要
  • 3種類のシナリオ方程式
    • 収益予測の手法
  • 世界各地の市場動向:直流送電能力の合計値
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア太平洋地域
    • ラテンアメリカ
    • 中東・アフリカ
  • セグメント別の送電能力・収益額の予測
    • オフグリッド/バッドグリッド用通信塔
    • データセンター
    • 直流型商業ビル
    • 軍事利用
  • 結論・提案

第6章 企業ディレクトリ

第7章 頭字語および略語リスト

第8章 目次

第9章 図表一覧

第10章 調査範囲、情報源、調査手法、注記

図表リスト

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目次
Product Code: DCDN-15

Remote and Grid-Tied Nanogrids and Microgrids for Telecom, Data Center, Commercial Building, and Military Applications.

The market for direct current (DC) distribution networks is not a single, cohesive market. Rather, it encompasses several disparate opportunities-telecommunications towers, data centers, grid-tied commercial buildings, and off-grid military networks-that revolve around different market assumptions, dynamics, and drivers. The industry is currently focused on medium-voltage DC distribution networks-systems that are mostly concentrated on the data center market segment, but which can also apply to commercial buildings.

A heated debate continues about the advantages and disadvantages of DC. The majority of progress in developing DC-based technologies has occurred at either the high-voltage (more than 1,000V) or low-voltage (less than 100V) level. Since microgrids and building-scale nanogrids typically operate at medium voltage (roughly 380V-400V), much work needs to be done to bridge this voltage innovation gap. Another challenge facing DC distribution networks lies with the need for standards and open grid architectures that can help integrate the increasing diversity of resources. Yet, there is momentum at the distribution level of electricity service to diversify power offerings and pursue hybrid solutions that incorporate a growing proportion of DC. According to Navigant Research, implementation revenue in the global DC distribution network market is expected to grow from $2.8 billion in 2015 to $5.1 billion in 2024 under a base scenario.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for DC distribution networks in four key segments: off-grid/bad grid telecommunications, data centers, commercial building grids, and off-grid military applications. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including opportunities, drivers, and implementation challenges, associated with DC distribution networks. Global market forecasts for capacity and implementation revenue, broken out by segment, region, and scenario, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key technologies related to DC distribution networks, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What are the efficiency and control advantages of direct current (DC)?
  • What applications of DC power make sense today? Tomorrow?
  • What efforts are being made to create new standards for DC medium-voltage products?
  • Which segments are leading this market?
  • Which companies are the lead pioneers with DC technologies?
  • How does DC fit in with the current push related to microgrids for resiliency?
  • What unique safety issues need to be addressed in order for DC to become fully commercialized?

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Direct Current Distribution Networks: Market Overview
  • 1.2. Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1. Why the Emergence of Direct Current Technologies?
    • 2.1.1. HVDC
    • 2.1.2. Low-Voltage DC: Ethernet Alliance Vision
    • 2.1.3. The Missing Link: Medium-Voltage DC
  • 2.2. AC versus DC Distribution Networks
    • 2.2.1. The Business Case for AC Distribution Networks
    • 2.2.2. The Business Case for DC Distribution Networks
  • 2.3. DC Distribution Networks: Nanogrids or Microgrids?
  • 2.4. Current DC Distribution Network Market Opportunities
    • 2.4.1. Data Centers
      • 2.4.1.1. Case Study: ABB's Zurich-West DC Distribution Network
    • 2.4.2. Commercial Building Nanogrids
    • 2.4.3. Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Towers
    • 2.4.4. DC Network Military Applications
      • 2.4.4.1. Case Study: Bosch's DC Building Grid for DOD's Fort Bragg
  • 2.5. Implementation Issues
    • 2.5.1. Public Safety Concerns Regarding DC
    • 2.5.2. Impact of Low Natural Gas Prices
    • 2.5.3. Need for New DC Grid-Tied Business Models
  • 2.6. DC Market Drivers
    • 2.6.1. Medium-Voltage DC Standards
      • 2.6.1.1. Occupied Space Standard
      • 2.6.1.2. Data and Telecommunications Standards
      • 2.6.1.3. Net Zero Energy Buildings
      • 2.6.1.4. Other DC Standards
    • 2.6.2. Impact of Escalating Diesel Fuel Prices
    • 2.6.3. Need for Premium Power Due to Declining Reliability of AC Utility Grid
    • 2.6.4. Evolving Bottom-of-the-Pyramid Strategies

3. Technology Issues

  • 3.1. The Emergence of a Viable Market for DC at Multiple Voltage Levels
    • 3.1.1. Why the Shift on HVDC?
    • 3.1.2. Why the Shift on Low-Voltage DC?
    • 3.1.3. The Push for Medium-Voltage DC
  • 3.2. An Inventory of Game-Changing DC Distribution Network Components
  • 3.3. DC Circuit Breakers and Protection Relays
  • 3.4. DC-DC Converters, Optimizers, and Rectifiers
  • 3.5. DC DG
    • 3.5.1. Solar PV
    • 3.5.2. Fuel Cells
  • 3.6. Advanced Energy Storage
    • 3.6.1. Advanced Lead-Acid
    • 3.6.2. Flywheels
    • 3.6.3. Advanced Lithium Ion
    • 3.6.4. Flow Batteries
    • 3.6.5. Sodium Metal Halide
  • 3.7. UPS Systems
  • 3.8. DC Commercial Building Trends
    • 3.8.1. DC Lighting Advances
    • 3.8.2. DC Plug Loads
  • 3.9. DC EV Charging
    • 3.9.1. DC versus AC Building Controls: PoE
  • 3.10. Network System Controllers: AC versus DC Approaches
    • 3.10.1 Unique DC Control Considerations

4. Key Industry Players

  • 4.1. DC Distribution Network Competitive Landscape Overview
  • 4.2. Major Technology Players
    • 4.2.1. ABB
    • 4.2.2. Bosch
    • 4.2.3. Eaton
    • 4.2.4. Emerson Network Power
    • 4.2.5. Johnson Controls
    • 4.2.6. Siemens
  • 4.3. DC System Developers and Suppliers
    • 4.3.1. Moixa
    • 4.3.2. Nextek Power
    • 4.3.3. Pareto Energy
    • 4.3.4. Pika Energy
    • 4.3.5. Win Inertia
  • 4.4. DC Pure Component Suppliers
    • 4.4.1. Armstrong Industries
    • 4.4.2. Phillips Lighting
  • 4.5. Tactical Military Specialists
    • 4.5.1. NextEnergy Center
  • 4.6. Remote Telecommunications Network Innovators
    • 4.6.1. Applied Solar Technologies
    • 4.6.2. Flexenclosure

5. Market Forecasts

  • 5.1. DC Distribution Market Forecast Overview
  • 5.2. The Three-Scenario Formula
    • 5.2.1. Revenue Methodologies
  • 5.3. Regional Dynamics: Total DC Distribution Network Capacity
    • 5.3.1. North America
    • 5.3.2. Europe
    • 5.3.3. Asia Pacific
    • 5.3.4. Latin America
    • 5.3.5. Middle East & Africa
  • 5.4. Segment Capacity and Revenue Forecasts
    • 5.4.1. Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Towers
    • 5.4.2. Data Centers
    • 5.4.3. DC Commercial Buildings
    • 5.4.4. Military Applications
  • 5.5. Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory

7. Acronym and Abbreviation List

8. Table of Contents

9. Table of Charts and Figures

10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Annual HVDC Converter Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Stationary Fuel Cell Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • All DC Building Technologies Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual DC EVCE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Off-Grid/Bad Grid Telecommunications Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, United States: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Always-On Low-Voltage DC Loads to Increase over Time
  • Enernet Links Nanogrids to Microgrids and Macrogrids
  • Status Quo AC/DC Hybrid Microgrid Distribution Network
  • New AC/DC Hybrid Microgrid Path to Net Zero Energy Buildings
  • DC vs. AC for Data Centers: An Opposing View from Schneider Electric
  • Transforming Data Centers into Revenue Generators via DC Distribution Networks
  • Phase 1 and Phase 2 of Fort Bragg DC Building Grid Pilot Project
  • Regional Break-Out of Telecommunications Towers, 2014-2020
  • Pros and Cons of Medium-Voltage AC and DC Systems
  • Energy Storage System Parameters
  • UPS Efficiency: AC vs. DC
  • Lighting as Largest Load within Commercial Buildings
  • Optimizing Plug Loads in Commercial Buildings
  • The DC Home: Future or Fantasy?
  • Comparison of the Physics of AC vs. DC Current
  • AC vs. DC Island Network for Large Ships
  • Industry Drivers for Three DC Distribution Network Applications
  • Pareto Energy's GridLink AC/DC Non-synchronous Microgrid Power Flows
  • Conceptual Diagram of DC Building Grid
  • Win Inertia Bidirectional Catenary Railway Line AC/DC Hybrid System
  • Japan's DC Smart Community Demonstrations

List of Tables

  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Telecommunications Off-Grid/Bad Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Data Center Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Incremental Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Commercial Building Network Implementation Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Incremental Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Military Application Off-Grid Network Implementation Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Incremental Capacity by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Revenue by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Cumulative Capacity by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Cumulative Capacity by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Cumulative Capacity by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Cumulative Revenue by Region and Segment, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Cumulative Revenue by Region and Segment, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Distribution Network Implementation Cumulative Revenue by Region and Segment, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DC Revenue by Voltage Level Category, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2015-2020
  • SWOT Analysis for AC Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Distribution Networks
  • Current Market Drivers and Barriers by Region for DC Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Data Center Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Networks in Commercial Buildings
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Remote Telecommunications Tower Distribution Networks
  • SWOT Analysis for DC Military Tactical Networks
  • DC Distribution Networks for Electrification: Pros and Cons in Selected Markets
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