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市場調査レポート

仮想発電所(VPP): 世界市場分析および市場予測

Virtual Power Plant Enabling Technologies - Telemetry, Device Controls, Software and Energy Storage: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

発行 Navigant Research 商品コード 223476
出版日 ページ情報 英文 103 Pages; 48 Tables, Charts & Figures
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仮想発電所(VPP): 世界市場分析および市場予測 Virtual Power Plant Enabling Technologies - Telemetry, Device Controls, Software and Energy Storage: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts
出版日: 2016年09月23日 ページ情報: 英文 103 Pages; 48 Tables, Charts & Figures
概要

エネルギー市場の進化は加速を続けており、分散型エネルギー源(DER)にますます軸足を置く方向にあります。この双方向性で複雑さが高まる電力需給管理の有力なソリューションとして仮想発電所(VPP)があり、世界的な市場成長を迎えています。世界のVPP事業者の年間収益総額は2014年における11億米ドルから、2023年には53億米ドルにまで拡大するものと予測されます。

当レポートは、世界の仮想発電所(VPP)市場について、特に3つの主要分野である需要応答VPP、供給サイドVPP、また混成電力資産VPPに焦点を当て、市場の注目点、市場成長促進要因、およびVPP導入上の課題を詳細に分析しています。これらの調査・分析結果を基に発電容量とベンダー収益について2023年に至る市場予測を行っています。この市場予測については市場分野別、地域別、また市場シナリオ別のきめ細かな分析も提供しています。さらに当レポートは主要なVPP関連技術を検証し、また主要企業の企業プロファイルを含め、市場競争状況についての詳細な情報および分析結果を提供しています。

第1章 エグゼクティブ・サマリー

  • 仮想発電所(VPP)と新たなエネルギークラウド

第2章 市場の課題

  • VPP: 定義および市場分類
    • Navigant ResearchによるVPPの定義
    • 3つの主要なVPP分野
      • 需要応答VPP
      • 供給サイドVPP
      • 混成電力資産VPP
    • VPP対マイクログリッド
      • ケーススタディ: VPPとマイクログリッドがオーバーラップしたデンマークでの経験から学ぶこと
  • VPPのビジネスケース
    • 分散型エネルギー源の効率的活用
    • 自動需要応答との協調
    • 新しいユーティリティ・ビジネスモデルの出現
    • 急拡大につながるVPPの価値提案
  • 現在の市場成長促進要因
    • 成熟を迎えるスマートメーター市場
    • 電力事業の分散と変電所自動化動向
    • さまざまな再生可能エネルギー発電の世界的拡大
    • 再生可能エネルギー発電構想に対する電力事業者と監督官庁の抵抗
    • グリッドアンシラリーサービスを提供する新興の組織化された市場
    • 需要応答に関する米国連邦エネルギー規制委員会(FERC)命令
  • VPP導入上の課題
    • 需給に応じたダイナミックなエネルギー価格付けが可能な体制の不足
    • 電力スマートグリッドに対する抵抗勢力
    • VPP標準規格、認証制度、および財産権制度の不足
    • 最適なVPPビジネスモデルとは
      • ビジネスモデル・ケーススタディ

第3章 技術的課題

  • VPPの実現技術概要
  • 分散型電源(DG)
    • 利点と欠点
    • 商用化時期
  • スマートメーター
    • 利点と欠点
    • 商用化時期
  • 需要応答(DR)
    • 利点と欠点
    • 商用化時期
  • スマート・インバーター
    • 利点と欠点
    • 商用化時期
  • 高性能エネルギーストレージ
    • 利点と欠点
    • 商用化時期
  • プラグイン電気自動車
    • 利点と欠点
    • 商用化時期
  • スマートグリッド・ネットワーキングソフトウェア

第4章 主要企業

  • VPPの市場競争状況
  • 電力事業者
    • DONG Energy
    • Duke Energy
    • RWE
  • 大規模技術会社
    • Alstom Grid
    • Bosch
    • GE Digital Energy
    • IBM
    • Schneider Electric
    • Siemens
  • ソフトウェア企業
    • ENBALA Power Networks
    • Joule Assets
    • Power Analytics
    • Power Assure
    • Spirae
    • Ventyx/ABB
    • Viridity Energy
  • 需要応答アグリゲータ
    • Comverge
    • Consert
    • Cooper Power Systems/Eaton
    • Customized Energy Solutions
    • EnerNOC

第5章 市場予測

  • VPP市場予測概要
    • 市場シナリオ
    • 主要なVPP地域市場
      • 米国
      • ドイツ
      • デンマーク
      • 英国
      • 日本
    • 収益予測手法
  • 需要応答VPP
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア太平洋
    • ラテンアメリカ
    • 中東・アフリカ
  • 供給サイドVPP
  • 混成電力資産VPP

第6章 企業ディレクトリ

第7章 略語リスト

第8章 目次

第9章 付表・付図

第10章 調査範囲、情報源および調査手法、注釈

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: MO-VPPET-16

The evolution of energy markets is accelerating in the direction of a greater reliance upon distributed energy resources (DER), whether those resources generate, consume, or store electricity. The technologies and new frameworks necessary to manage this increasing two-way complexity remain unclear. Nevertheless, successful strategies to harvest more value from smaller, cleaner, and smarter energy resources are being deployed today. One such strategy is a virtual power plant (VPP), the concept that intelligent aggregation and optimization of DER can provide the same essential services as a traditional 24/7 centralized power plant.

VPPs can be viewed as a manifestation of transactive energy, whereby new technologies such as demand response (DR), solar PV systems, advanced batteries, and EVs are transforming formerly passive consumers into active prosumers. The primary goal of a VPP is to achieve the greatest possible profit for asset owners while maintaining the proper balance of the electricity grid-at the lowest possible economic and environmental cost. Without any large-scale fundamental infrastructure upgrades, VPPs can stretch supplies from existing generators and utility demand reduction programs (and other forms of DER). According to Navigant Research, global VPP implementation spending (excluding energy storage) is expected to reach $2.1 billion annually by 2025.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for VPPs and enabling technologies in three primary segments: DR, supply-side, and mixed asset. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including drivers, barriers, and business cases associated with VPPs. Global market forecasts for capacity and implementation spending, broken out by segment, region, and technology, extend through 2025. Along with the three technology categories (metering and telemetry, device controls, and software), this report sizes the capacity growth of energy storage devices in emerging markets for mixed asset VPPs. The report also examines technology issues related to VPPs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • How do virtual power plant (VPP) segments differ in terms of regional dynamics and vendor pool?
  • Which of the key VPP-enabling technologies represents the biggest market opportunity?
  • How is energy storage transforming the concept of VPPs?
  • Which segments are evolving into the leading VPP business models?
  • How important are utility programs and organized markets to the VPP business model?
  • Which companies perform what services within the VPP ecosystem?
  • Why has energy storage become such a large part of the VPP value proposition?

Who needs this report?

  • Smart grid software vendors
  • Smart meter vendors
  • Transmission grid operators
  • Energy storage manufacturers and integrators
  • Microgrid controls vendors
  • Utilities
  • Energy regulatory agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1 Virtual Power Plants: The Ultimate Energy Cloud?
  • 1.2 Market Overview and Forecasts

2. Market Issues

  • 2.1 What Is a Virtual Power Plant?
    • 2.1.1 Navigant Research VPP Definition
      • 2.1.1.1 Nanogrids, Microgrids, and VPP Mapping
  • 2.2 Navigant VPP Market Segments
    • 2.2.1 DR-VPPs
    • 2.2.2 Supply-Side VPPs
      • 2.2.2.1 Case Study: Regenerative Combined Power Plant
    • 2.2.3 Mixed Asset VPPs
  • 2.3 Market Drivers for All VPPs: Transactive Energy
    • 2.3.1 Internet of Things Trends
    • 2.3.2 Organized Markets for Ancillary Services
    • 2.3.3 Global Growth in Variable Renewable Generation and Other DER
      • 2.3.3.1 Case Study: Hawaii
  • 2.4 Market Barriers
    • 2.4.1 Dependence upon Structured Markets
    • 2.4.2 Lack of VPP Standards, Certifications, and Property Rights
    • 2.4.3 Grid Independence Movement
  • 2.5 The Business Case for VPPs
    • 2.5.1 Evolving VPP Business Models

3. Technology Issues

  • 3.1 An Inventory of VPP-Enabling Technologies
  • 3.2 Aggregated Assets Not Included in Market Sizing
    • 3.2.1 DG
    • 3.2.2 DR
      • 3.2.2.1 Defining the VPP Subset
      • 3.2.2.2 C&I DR-VPP Technology Considerations
      • 3.2.2.3 Residential DR Technology
        • 3.2.2.3.1. Smart Thermostats
        • 3.2.2.3.2. Window AC Units
        • 3.2.2.3.3. Grid-Interactive Electric Water Heating
  • 3.3 VPP Components Included in Market Sizing
    • 3.3.1 Metering and Telemetry
      • 3.3.1.1 Role of Smart Grid Infrastructure
      • 3.3.1.2 Smart Meters
      • 3.3.1.3 Sensors
    • 3.3.2 Device Controls
      • 3.3.2.1 PLCs
      • 3.3.2.2 Load Controllers
      • 3.3.2.3 Smart Inverters
    • 3.3.3 Communications
      • 3.3.3.1 Requirements for DER Integration
    • 3.3.4 Software
      • 3.3.4.1 Interoperability Considerations
      • 3.3.4.2 Distribution Management System/ADMS
      • 3.3.4.3 DRMS
      • 3.3.4.4 SCADA
      • 3.3.4.5 MDMS
      • 3.3.4.6 DER Management Systems (DERMS)
      • 3.3.4.7 Case Study: Blockchain Software and Peer-to-Peer VPPs
    • 3.3.5 Energy Storage
      • 3.3.5.1 Technologies and Services
      • 3.3.5.2 Energy Storage-Enabled VPPs
      • 3.3.5.3 EVs

4. Key Industry Players

  • 4.1 The VPP Competitive Landscape
  • 4.2 Utilities
    • 4.2.1 DONG Energy
    • 4.2.2 Duke Energy
    • 4.2.3 PowerStream, Inc.
    • 4.2.4 RWE
  • 4.3 Large Technology Players
    • 4.3.1 Bosch
    • 4.3.2 GE Energy Connections
    • 4.3.3 IBM
    • 4.3.4 Schneider Electric
    • 4.3.5 Siemens
    • 4.3.6 Toshiba (Landis+Gyr)
  • 4.4 DR/DER Aggregators
    • 4.4.1 Comverge
    • 4.4.2 EnerNOC
    • 4.4.3 Next Kraftwerke
    • 4.4.4 LichtBlick
  • 4.5 Energy Storage Management
    • 4.5.1 Advanced Microgrid Solutions
    • 4.5.2 Princeton Power
    • 4.5.3 sonnen GmbH
    • 4.5.4 Sunverge Energy, Inc.
  • 4.6 Pure Software and Controls Specialists
    • 4.6.1 ABB Ltd.
    • 4.6.2 Autogrid
    • 4.6.3 Causam Energy (for Power Analytics)
    • 4.6.4 Enbala Power Networks
    • 4.6.5 EOH
    • 4.6.6 OATI
    • 4.6.7 Spirae
    • 4.6.8 Viridity Energy
  • 4.7 Other VPP-Enabling Technology Vendors: Smart Thermostats
    • 4.7.1 Nest Labs

5. Market Forecasts

  • 5.1 VPP Market Forecast Overview
    • 5.1.1 What Is In, What Is Out
    • 5.1.2 Revenue Methodology
  • 5.2 DR-VPPs
    • 5.2.1 North America
    • 5.2.2 Europe
    • 5.2.3 Asia Pacific
    • 5.2.4 Latin America
    • 5.2.5 Middle East & Africa
    • 5.2.6 DR-VPP Market Revenue
  • 5.3 Supply-Side VPPs
    • 5.3.1 North America
    • 5.3.2 Europe
    • 5.3.3 Asia Pacific
    • 5.3.4 Latin America
    • 5.3.5 Middle East & Africa
  • 5.4 Mixed Asset VPPs
    • 5.4.1 North America
    • 5.4.2 Europe
    • 5.4.3 Asia Pacific
    • 5.4.4 Latin America
    • 5.4.5 Middle East & Africa
  • 5.5 Energy Storage VPP Spending
  • 5.6 Enabling Technology Component Revenue Streams
    • 5.6.1 Total Smart Grid Infrastructure
    • 5.6.2 Total Device Controls
    • 5.6.3 Total Market Interface Software
  • 5.7 Cumulative VPP Spending
  • 5.8 Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Acronym and Abbreviation List

7. Table of Contents

8. Table of Charts and Figures

9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Annual VPP Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative Installed Smart Meter Base by Region, World Markets (Excluding China): 1Q 2016
  • Residential IoT Device Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2026
  • Annual Installed DER Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual DR-VPP Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual DR-VPP Market Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Supply-Side VPP Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Mixed Asset VPP Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Annual Energy Storage VPP Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • VPP-Enabling Technology Component Revenue Streams by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative VPP Capacity and Implementation Spending (with Energy Storage) by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative VPP Capacity and Implementation Spending (without Energy Storage) by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Are VPPs the Ultimate Example of the Energy Cloud?
  • The Enernet: Nanogrids, Microgrids, and VPPs
  • Germany's RCPP
  • The Coupling of Consumer and Utility Value via VPPs
  • Relationship of Financial and Physical Topology of VPPs
  • Solar PV Retail Grid Parity for C&I Customers in the United States
  • Commercial and Industrial ADR Process Flow
  • PLC System Diagram
  • Smart Inverter Functionality
  • V2G Linkages to Smart Grid Services

List of Tables

  • Total Annual VPP Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Annual VPP Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual DR-VPP Capacity, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual DR-VPP Implementation Spending, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual DR-VPP Market Revenue, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Supply-Side VPP Capacity, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Supply-Side VPP Implementation Spending, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Mixed Asset VPP Capacity, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Mixed Asset VPP Implementation Spending, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Annual Energy Storage VPP Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Residential Energy Storage VPP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual C&I Energy Storage VPP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Annual Energy Storage VPP Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Residential Energy Storage VPP Implementation Spending by Region: 2016-2025
  • Annual C&I Energy Storage VPP Implementation Spending by Region: 2016-2025
  • Total VPP-Enabling Technology Component Revenue Streams, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total VPP-Enabling Technology Component Revenue Streams by Technology Category, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative VPP Capacity, All Segments by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative VPP Implementation Spending, All Segments (with Energy Storage) by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative VPP Implementation Spending, All Segments (without Energy Storage) by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Lexicon of DER Business Models
  • DR-VPP SWOT Analysis
  • Supply-Side VPP SWOT Analysis
  • Mixed Asset VPP SWOT Analysis
  • Advanced Grid Edge Communications Requirements
  • Energy Storage Ancillary Service Characteristics Relevant to VPPs
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