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世界のバイオ燃料市場の見通し:市場促進要因、コスト、成長の機会、規制の変化、市場の見通し

The Biofuels Global Market Outlook 2017-2021: Expert Analysis and Insight into Market Drivers, Costs, Growth Opportunities and Regulatory Change, Conventional and Advanced Biofuel Market Outlook

発行 Power Generation Research 商品コード 631679
出版日 ページ情報 英文 168 Pages; 55 Tables; 44 Figures
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世界のバイオ燃料市場の見通し:市場促進要因、コスト、成長の機会、規制の変化、市場の見通し The Biofuels Global Market Outlook 2017-2021: Expert Analysis and Insight into Market Drivers, Costs, Growth Opportunities and Regulatory Change, Conventional and Advanced Biofuel Market Outlook
出版日: 2018年04月30日 ページ情報: 英文 168 Pages; 55 Tables; 44 Figures
概要

当レポートでは、バイオ燃料市場を主導する主要国 (米国、ドイツ、ブラジル、英国を含む) におけるバイオ燃料に焦点を当てて、コスト、促進要因、市場成長率、予測、主要企業、利用可能な原料、有望なバイオ燃料発電技術について、体系的な情報を提供しています。

第1章 バイオ燃料、バイオ燃料資源とバイオ燃料の成長

  • 世界のエネルギー需要
    • 気候変動
    • 再生可能エネルギー
    • バイオ燃料とは
  • 現在使用中のバイオ燃料
    • エタノール
    • バイオディーゼル

第2章 バイオ燃料技術と技術動向

  • イントロダクション
  • 第2世代バイオ燃料
  • 第3世代バイオ燃料

第3章 バイオ燃料の経済性

  • イントロダクション
  • バイオ燃料の経済
  • バイオ燃料の比較
  • 水素 vs. EV vs. バイオ燃料

第4章 バイオ燃料の促進要因・阻害要因

  • 市場の背景
  • バイオ燃料市場の促進要因
  • バイオ燃料市場の阻害要因

第5章 バイオ燃料政策と規制

  • イントロダクション
  • 再生可能エネルギーの目標
  • バイオ燃料の目標
  • バイオ燃料政策の概要:地域別
    • EU
    • 米国
    • ブラジル
    • インド
    • 中国

第6章 バイオ燃料の市場規模と成長率、将来市場、経済見通し

  • 世界のエネルギー需要
  • バイオ燃料の市場規模
    • 世界
    • 欧州
    • 米国
    • ブラジル
    • インド
    • 中国
  • 用語集
  • エネルギー含量・変換率
目次
Product Code: PGRBIOFUELS2017

Executive summary

Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels:

The report gathers data on biofuel across the countries leading the market for biofuel. The report covers: costs, drivers, inhibitors, market growth, forecasts, the key players, key feedstock available, and the prominent biofuel power technology utilized in each of the key countries, including: the US, Germany, Brazil, the UK.

  • The potential for liquid biofuels is indicated by the world's dependence on crude oil for transportation, with estimations signalling that fuels from crude oil currently supply about 96% of the worldwide energy demand for transport purposes.
  • The combination of biomass and biofuels accounted for around 71% of the world's total renewable energy production in 2015 and comprised around 10% of total global energy supply.
  • All renewables together currently represent around 19% of final energy consumption and biofuels for transport comprising around 4% of renewable energy consumption.

Biofuel technologies and technology trends:

  • Lignocellulosic biomass (e.g. from wood and grasses) as well as methanol and Fischer-Tropsch diesel are viewed by many as likely candidates for biofuels in the long-term, but the rate of uptake and cost decrease has not been as high as previously anticipated. Some of the currently available biofuels have a number of disadvantages that are related to their feedstock. The current costs of rapeseed biodiesel and ethanol from cereals or beets are much higher than the costs of petrol or diesel, with substantial subsidies required to make them competitive.
  • Second generation biofuels had been developed due to limitations of first generation biofuels, primarily that the resources used threatens food supplies. Second generation biofuels production processes include use a variety of non-food crops such as waste biomass, the stalks of wheat, corn, wood and miscanthus.
  • The term ‘Third generation biofuel' primarily references fuel derived from algae. Algae has a much higher production volume than other noted biofuels crops to date such as soybeans.

The economics of biofuels:

  • There is a growing sense that biofuels produced from biomass are now an economically and technically feasible proposition.
  • The production costs of biofuels vary significantly between regions and are dependent on the price of raw materials (biomass), the method of production, the refining process, and the use of by-products and waste. Thus costs can be highly variable dependent on the various combinations used in each country or location.

Biofuels policies and regulations:

  • To date, 192 countries and governmental entities have ratified the Kyoto Protocol, representing over 60% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions.
  • In 2017, President Donald Trump stated that the RFS has reenergized rural America. The 300 biorefineries operating across the country today support hundreds of thousands of manufacturing jobs, reduce foreign oil dependence and keep fuel prices down.
  • India had a 20% biofuels mandate by 2017, which was missed.
  • European Parliament voted to cap crop-based biofuels at 2017 levels brought in by a last minute amendment submitted by three key party groups on the day of the vote.

Market sizing and growth, Future market and economic prospects for biofuel:

  • Worldwide production of bioethanol and biodiesel reached 98.3bn litres and 30.1bn litres in 2015, respectively.
  • While biofuels accounted for just 1% of total fuel production in 2016, the biofuels market is predicted to grow significantly in the medium to long-term. For example, some forecasts estimate that biofuels could replace 10% of the global demand for transport fuels by 2025.
  • Global fuel ethanol production kept increasing from year to year to 26,584m of gallons in 2016.

Key features of this report

  • Identification of the most promising countries in the biofuel and highlights how various geographic markets are expanding their share in the total energy supply mix using biofuel.
  • Five-year assessment of the latest biofuel technology and installed biofuel capacity.
  • Liquid biofuel market trends and costs.
  • List of major key players of biofuel renewable energy.
  • Information on government policy framework on biofuel for supporting the biofuel market.
  • Identification of biofuel energy development and potential resource globally and in major countries in the future.

Key benefits from reading this report

  • Realize up to date competitive intelligence through a comprehensive assessment of the biofuel and installed biofuel capacity in biofuel markets.
  • Achieve a comprehensive understanding of the drivers and resistors effecting the biofuel market.
  • Analyze the cost of biofuel power technology against that of other renewable power technologies.
  • Understand government policy framework on biofuel for each country and learn which technology trends are likely to allow greater market impact.
  • Identify the growth of biofuel development and biofuel resource potential in the future and examine how it is changing the economics the biofuel technologies.
  • Assess global future outlook in energy demand by fuel and scenario by technology.

Key findings of this report

  • 1. The total EU bioethanol consumption market size in 2017 was estimated to be 5,140 million litres.
  • 2. The seven largest biodiesel producing countries provide 75% of the biodiesel production of the 20 countries included. The US and Brazil provide almost 30% of the total on their own.
  • 3. Ethanol from sugar cane - as produced in Brazil - provides the lowest production costs of all existing commercial-scale biofuels, and is already competitive with current production costs for diesel and gasoline. According to the estimates provided, production costs are likely to fall even further over time to around $3 per gigajoule of energy.
  • 4. Although bioenergy and biofuels will increasingly utilize non-food feedstocks to meet sustainability demands, crops grown for energy and fuel production could use between 50 and 300 million hectares by 2030.
  • 5. In 2017, Exxon Mobil in conjunction with Synthetic Genomics (the company of J.Craig Venter, the scientist who mapped the human genome) announced a breakthrough in increasing the oil content of algae from around 20% to around 40%.

Key questions answered by this report

  • 1. What was the market size of the global biofuel market?
  • 2. What will be the forecast of installed biofuel capacity?
  • 3. What are the drivers shaping and influencing additions to installed capacity in the global biofuel market?
  • 4. What are the major key players of biofuel renewable energy?
  • 5. What is the impact of political developments on a country's biofuel market?
  • 6. What is the regulatory policy framework governing in the leading biofuel of the US, Germany, Brazil, and the UK?
  • 7. What is the future growth potential offered by promising biofuel power markets such as China, and India?

Table of Contents

Disclaimer

Table of Contents

Expert Author Profile

  • Rupert Blackstone

Table of figures

Table of tables

Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels

Biofuel technologies and technology trends

The economics of biofuels

Biofuels drivers and inhibitors

Biofuels policies and regulations

Market sizing and growth, Future market and economic prospects for biofuel.

Chapter 1: Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels

World energy demand

  • Climate change
  • Renewable energy
  • What are biofuels?
  • Solid biofuels
  • Liquid biofuels
  • Gas biofuels

Biofuels in current use

  • Ethanol
  • Distribution, storage and blending
  • End-use
  • Biodiesel
  • Distribution, storage and blending
  • End-use

Chapter 2: Biofuel technologies and technology trends

Introduction

Second generation biofuels

  • Second generation biofuels under development
  • Biohydrogen
  • BioDME
  • Biomethanol
  • Butanol and Isobutanol
  • Dimethylfuran (DMF)
  • Hydro Thermal Upgrading (HTU) diesel
  • Fischer-Tropsch fuels
  • Bioconversion of biomass to mixed alcohol fuels
  • Wood diesel
  • Key players in second generation / advanced biofuels
  • Market possibilities for second generation / advanced biofuels

Third generation biofuels

  • Algae fuel
  • Background to Algae for fuel
  • Limitations of previous biofuels
  • Algae types
  • Algae cultivation
  • Photo-bioreactor
  • Closed-loop systems
  • Open pond systems
  • Algae fuel potential
  • Development timeline
  • Aircraft biofuels testing
  • Key players for third generation biofuel
  • Market possibilities for algae biofuel

    Chapter 3: The economics of biofuels

Introduction

  • American market
  • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
  • Biofuels direction away from corn-based ethanol

The biofuels economy

  • Production costs
  • Cost of distribution
  • Third generation algae fuel costs
  • Algae fuel leading players costs comparison
  • Transport fuel blends
  • Car costs and fuel efficiency

Biofuels compared

Hydrogen versus electric vehicles versus biofuels

Chapter 4: Biofuels drivers and inhibitors

Market Background

Drivers of the biofuels market

  • Greenhouse gases and environmental concerns
  • Regulatory incentives/pressure
  • Concern about energy security
  • Rising cost of existing fuel supplies
  • Consumer pressure

Inhibitors of the biofuels market

  • Cost of production
  • Sustainability concerns and the rising price of food crops
  • Limited biofuels infrastructure
  • Biomass and land availability

Chapter 5: Biofuels policies and regulations

Introduction

  • Policy framework

Renewable energy targets

  • Kyoto Protocol
  • European Union
  • US
  • Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)
  • Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)
  • Developing nations

Biofuels Targets

Biofuels policy overview by region

  • The European Union
  • Biofuels Directive
  • Directive 2003/96/EC
  • Incentives for biofuels
  • National Renewable Energy Action Plans
  • The United States
  • US Energy Policy Act 2005
  • Brazil
  • Proalcool Program
  • India
  • Biodiesel Policy
  • Bioethanol Policy
  • China
  • Environmental Commitments Support Long-Term Ethanol Prospects
  • The renewable Energy Law of the People's Republic of China
  • Biofuels policy overview of selected countries

Chapter 6: Market sizing and growth, future market and economic prospects for biofuel

Worldwide energy demand

Biofuels market sizing

  • Worldwide
  • Ethanol
  • Biodiesel
  • Europe
  • Ethanol
  • EU Biodiesel
  • US
  • Ethanol
  • US Biodiesel
  • Brazil
  • Ethanol Production
  • Brazil Biodiesel
  • India
  • India's fuel economy
  • India Ethanol
  • India Biodiesel
  • China
  • China's fuel economy
  • China Ethanol
  • China Biodiesel

Glossary/Abbreviations

Energy content and conversion rates