Product Code: PGRBIOFUELS2017
Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels:
The report gathers data on biofuel across the countries leading the market for biofuel. The report covers: costs, drivers, inhibitors, market growth, forecasts, the key players, key feedstock available, and the prominent biofuel power technology utilized in each of the key countries, including: the US, Germany, Brazil, the UK.
- The potential for liquid biofuels is indicated by the world's dependence on crude oil for transportation, with estimations signalling that fuels from crude oil currently supply about 96% of the worldwide energy demand for transport purposes.
- The combination of biomass and biofuels accounted for around 71% of the world's total renewable energy production in 2015 and comprised around 10% of total global energy supply.
- All renewables together currently represent around 19% of final energy consumption and biofuels for transport comprising around 4% of renewable energy consumption.
Biofuel technologies and technology trends:
- Lignocellulosic biomass (e.g. from wood and grasses) as well as methanol and Fischer-Tropsch diesel are viewed by many as likely candidates for biofuels in the long-term, but the rate of uptake and cost decrease has not been as high as previously anticipated. Some of the currently available biofuels have a number of disadvantages that are related to their feedstock. The current costs of rapeseed biodiesel and ethanol from cereals or beets are much higher than the costs of petrol or diesel, with substantial subsidies required to make them competitive.
- Second generation biofuels had been developed due to limitations of first generation biofuels, primarily that the resources used threatens food supplies. Second generation biofuels production processes include use a variety of non-food crops such as waste biomass, the stalks of wheat, corn, wood and miscanthus.
- The term ‘Third generation biofuel' primarily references fuel derived from algae. Algae has a much higher production volume than other noted biofuels crops to date such as soybeans.
The economics of biofuels:
- There is a growing sense that biofuels produced from biomass are now an economically and technically feasible proposition.
- The production costs of biofuels vary significantly between regions and are dependent on the price of raw materials (biomass), the method of production, the refining process, and the use of by-products and waste. Thus costs can be highly variable dependent on the various combinations used in each country or location.
Biofuels policies and regulations:
- To date, 192 countries and governmental entities have ratified the Kyoto Protocol, representing over 60% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions.
- In 2017, President Donald Trump stated that the RFS has reenergized rural America. The 300 biorefineries operating across the country today support hundreds of thousands of manufacturing jobs, reduce foreign oil dependence and keep fuel prices down.
- India had a 20% biofuels mandate by 2017, which was missed.
- European Parliament voted to cap crop-based biofuels at 2017 levels brought in by a last minute amendment submitted by three key party groups on the day of the vote.
Market sizing and growth, Future market and economic prospects for biofuel:
- Worldwide production of bioethanol and biodiesel reached 98.3bn litres and 30.1bn litres in 2015, respectively.
- While biofuels accounted for just 1% of total fuel production in 2016, the biofuels market is predicted to grow significantly in the medium to long-term. For example, some forecasts estimate that biofuels could replace 10% of the global demand for transport fuels by 2025.
- Global fuel ethanol production kept increasing from year to year to 26,584m of gallons in 2016.
Key features of this report
- Identification of the most promising countries in the biofuel and highlights how various geographic markets are expanding their share in the total energy supply mix using biofuel.
- Five-year assessment of the latest biofuel technology and installed biofuel capacity.
- Liquid biofuel market trends and costs.
- List of major key players of biofuel renewable energy.
- Information on government policy framework on biofuel for supporting the biofuel market.
- Identification of biofuel energy development and potential resource globally and in major countries in the future.
Key benefits from reading this report
- Realize up to date competitive intelligence through a comprehensive assessment of the biofuel and installed biofuel capacity in biofuel markets.
- Achieve a comprehensive understanding of the drivers and resistors effecting the biofuel market.
- Analyze the cost of biofuel power technology against that of other renewable power technologies.
- Understand government policy framework on biofuel for each country and learn which technology trends are likely to allow greater market impact.
- Identify the growth of biofuel development and biofuel resource potential in the future and examine how it is changing the economics the biofuel technologies.
- Assess global future outlook in energy demand by fuel and scenario by technology.
Key findings of this report
- 1. The total EU bioethanol consumption market size in 2017 was estimated to be 5,140 million litres.
- 2. The seven largest biodiesel producing countries provide 75% of the biodiesel production of the 20 countries included. The US and Brazil provide almost 30% of the total on their own.
- 3. Ethanol from sugar cane - as produced in Brazil - provides the lowest production costs of all existing commercial-scale biofuels, and is already competitive with current production costs for diesel and gasoline. According to the estimates provided, production costs are likely to fall even further over time to around $3 per gigajoule of energy.
- 4. Although bioenergy and biofuels will increasingly utilize non-food feedstocks to meet sustainability demands, crops grown for energy and fuel production could use between 50 and 300 million hectares by 2030.
- 5. In 2017, Exxon Mobil in conjunction with Synthetic Genomics (the company of J.Craig Venter, the scientist who mapped the human genome) announced a breakthrough in increasing the oil content of algae from around 20% to around 40%.
Key questions answered by this report
- 1. What was the market size of the global biofuel market?
- 2. What will be the forecast of installed biofuel capacity?
- 3. What are the drivers shaping and influencing additions to installed capacity in the global biofuel market?
- 4. What are the major key players of biofuel renewable energy?
- 5. What is the impact of political developments on a country's biofuel market?
- 6. What is the regulatory policy framework governing in the leading biofuel of the US, Germany, Brazil, and the UK?
- 7. What is the future growth potential offered by promising biofuel power markets such as China, and India?
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Expert Author Profile
Table of figures
Table of tables
Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels
Biofuel technologies and technology trends
The economics of biofuels
Biofuels drivers and inhibitors
Biofuels policies and regulations
Market sizing and growth, Future market and economic prospects for biofuel.
Chapter 1: Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels
World energy demand
- Climate change
- Renewable energy
- What are biofuels?
- Solid biofuels
- Liquid biofuels
- Gas biofuels
Biofuels in current use
- Distribution, storage and blending
- Distribution, storage and blending
Chapter 2: Biofuel technologies and technology trends
Second generation biofuels
- Second generation biofuels under development
- Butanol and Isobutanol
- Dimethylfuran (DMF)
- Hydro Thermal Upgrading (HTU) diesel
- Fischer-Tropsch fuels
- Bioconversion of biomass to mixed alcohol fuels
- Wood diesel
- Key players in second generation / advanced biofuels
- Market possibilities for second generation / advanced biofuels
Third generation biofuels
- Algae fuel
- Background to Algae for fuel
- Limitations of previous biofuels
- Algae types
- Algae cultivation
- Closed-loop systems
- Open pond systems
- Algae fuel potential
- Development timeline
- Aircraft biofuels testing
- Key players for third generation biofuel
- Market possibilities for algae biofuel
Chapter 3: The economics of biofuels
- American market
- American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
- Biofuels direction away from corn-based ethanol
The biofuels economy
- Production costs
- Cost of distribution
- Third generation algae fuel costs
- Algae fuel leading players costs comparison
- Transport fuel blends
- Car costs and fuel efficiency
Hydrogen versus electric vehicles versus biofuels
Chapter 4: Biofuels drivers and inhibitors
Drivers of the biofuels market
- Greenhouse gases and environmental concerns
- Regulatory incentives/pressure
- Concern about energy security
- Rising cost of existing fuel supplies
- Consumer pressure
Inhibitors of the biofuels market
- Cost of production
- Sustainability concerns and the rising price of food crops
- Limited biofuels infrastructure
- Biomass and land availability
Chapter 5: Biofuels policies and regulations
Renewable energy targets
- Kyoto Protocol
- European Union
- Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)
- Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)
- Developing nations
Biofuels policy overview by region
- The European Union
- Biofuels Directive
- Directive 2003/96/EC
- Incentives for biofuels
- National Renewable Energy Action Plans
- The United States
- US Energy Policy Act 2005
- Proalcool Program
- Biodiesel Policy
- Bioethanol Policy
- Environmental Commitments Support Long-Term Ethanol Prospects
- The renewable Energy Law of the People's Republic of China
- Biofuels policy overview of selected countries
Chapter 6: Market sizing and growth, future market and economic prospects for biofuel
Worldwide energy demand
Biofuels market sizing
- EU Biodiesel
- US Biodiesel
- Ethanol Production
- Brazil Biodiesel
- India's fuel economy
- India Ethanol
- India Biodiesel
- China's fuel economy
- China Ethanol
- China Biodiesel
Energy content and conversion rates