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市場調査レポート

インドの通信・モバイル・ブロードバンド市場とその予測

India - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

発行 BuddeComm 商品コード 204224
出版日 ページ情報 英文 101 Pages
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インドの通信・モバイル・ブロードバンド市場とその予測 India - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
出版日: 2016年08月26日 ページ情報: 英文 101 Pages
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概要

インドの通信市場は、2012年に一時的な縮小を経験した後に大幅な回復を遂げ、現在では年率7%の安定的な成長を見せています。2015年3月現在、インド国内の通信サービス加入者は9億7000万人で、またモバイル通信の普及率は77%に達しています。また、2014年度のモバイル通信市場の相付加価値額は1150億米ドルと、同国のGDP総額の5.5%を占めています。インド全土にモバイル・ブロードバンド網が展開する一方、企業間競争も激しさを増しています。他方、固定回線市場は近年になって縮小傾向に転じています。

当レポートでは、インドにおける各種通信市場およびデジタルメディア市場の動向と発展について分析し、規制環境、主要企業、インフラの開発、デジタルメディア、モバイル音声およびデータ市場、インターネット (VoIP・IPTVを含む)、ブロードバンドなどの最新動向を調査するとともに、各市場の今後の発展見通しを推計しております。

第1章 主要統計

  • 国の概要

第2章 通信市場

  • 概要
  • 「Digital India」
  • 周波数帯域オークション (2015年3月)
  • 外資系企業
  • ユニバーサルサービス

第3章 規制環境

  • 概要
  • 監督官庁
  • ライセンス・サークル (地域別の許認可)
  • 規制の発展
  • 国の通信政策
  • 国家安全保障

第4章 主要オペレーター

  • インド国内の主要オペレーター
    • 市場概要
    • UASL (Unified Access Service Licences)
    • 企業合併・買収 (M&A)
    • BSNL/MTNL
  • オペレーターと市場統計
    • モバイル通信市場
    • 固定回線通信市場
  • Aircel
  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Hughes Telecom
  • Idea Cellular
  • Loop Mobile
  • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
  • Quadrant
  • Reliance Communications
  • Reliance Jio Infocomm
  • Sistema
  • Tata Teleservices
  • Telewings (旧Uninor)
  • Videocon
  • Vodafone
  • その他のオペレーターとサービスプロバイダー
  • 以前のオペレーター

第5章 通信インフラ

  • 国内通信インフラ
  • インフラ開発
  • 国際通信インフラ

第6章 インターネット市場

  • 概要
  • インターネット市場統計
  • インターネット市場の最新動向
  • インターネット市場の様々な局面
    • IoT (モノのインターネット)
    • スマートシティ
    • ITインフラへの投資
    • 電子医療 (eメディスン)
    • IPv4/IPv6
    • クラウドサービス
    • データセンター
  • 規制上の問題
  • VoIP

第7章 ブロードバンド市場

  • ブロードバンド・ネットワークおよびサービス

第8章 デジタルメディア

  • 放送市場
  • TVとデジタルへの移行
    • 概要
    • IPTV
    • 有料TV
    • ケーブルTV
    • 衛星TV
    • 主要なケーブル/有料TVオペレーター
    • Free-to-Air(FTA) TV

第9章 モバイル通信

  • インドのモバイル市場の概要
  • 加入者増加率の低下
  • 規制環境の改善
  • モバイル通信統計
  • 市場の将来動向の予測:モバイル通信サービス
  • モバイル通信ハンドセット/スマートフォン/タブレット市場
  • モバイル通信市場:地域別の内訳
  • 開発上の問題
  • 規制上の問題
  • 「一つの国、一つの番号」
  • 2G汚職事件
  • 2G周波数帯域の再オークション
  • モバイル通信技術
    • インドで利用されているモバイル通信技術の概要
    • GSM
    • CDMA
    • 3Gモバイル通信
    • 4G/LTE
    • VoLTE (Voice-over-Long Term Evolution)
  • モバイル音声通話サービス
  • モバイルデータ通信サービス
    • 市場概要
    • SMS (ショートメッセージサービス)
    • iモード
    • BlackBerry
    • モバイルTV
    • モバイルコンテンツ

図表一覧

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目次

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in India's telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analysis, trends and developments;
  • Market and operator statistics;
  • Regulatory environment and developments;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major players;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband - fixed (FttH, DSL, wireless);
  • Broadband - mobile;
  • Digital media;
  • Digital economy;
  • Scenario forecasts - subscribers (fixed-line, mobile, fixed internet) to 2020.

Researcher:- Peter Evans Current

Executive Summary

Telecoms in India looks towards a fresh period of growth

After a major hiccup back in 2012, India's mobile market had sorted itself out to a large extent by 2015 and subscriber growth looked to be running at a steady 7% per annum. By March 2015 there were 970 million subscribers representing a mobile penetration of 77%. Mobile penetration was likely to reach 100% by 2020.

The overall economic impact of mobile technology in India amounted to approximately US$115 billion in value-added terms in 2014, this representing an economic contribution of around 5.5% of the country's GDP for the year. Looking forward, mobile broadband was set to grow exponentially throughout India, driving digital inclusion and economic growth for India's consumers and businesses. Into 2015 4G and other data services were shaping as a key battleground. The entry of a new operator Reliance Jio into the market was expected to see even more intense competition in an already hotly competitive market.

By mid-2015 there was already considerable progress in the roll-out of 4G services:

  • Bharti Airtel was operating a TD-LTE network;
  • Bharti had also launched a trial FDD LTE network in 20 cities;
  • Aircel had launched 4G services;
  • Vodafone was planning to launch 4G in Calcutta, Mumbai and Delhi by December 2015;
  • Reliance Jio was set to introduce its 4G network by the end of 2015;
  • Idea Cellular was reported to be set to launch LTE services in January 2016;
  • BSNL was preparing to launch 4G by March 2016.

On the regulatory front there were positive signs of a market improving on the back of restructuring. Figures from the TRAI showed that Mobile Number Portability (MNP) was working well. The process of auctioning spectrum was also working well - despite criticism that the reserve prices had been set to high. The removal of the cap on foreign investment in the telecom sector was yet another strong signal to the market of the government's intentions. The telecom market was still waiting on regulatory guidance with respect to mergers and acquisitions, however; this was important for the process of market consolidation to continue.

In the meantime, the fixed-line market, which had grown strongly over a number of years, began experiencing zero and then negative growth. Fixed-line subscriber numbers stood at around 26 million by early 2015. With less than 3% fixed-line penetration, India had nevertheless achieved a remarkable national coverage, with 99% of the population having some form of access to a telephone. The heavy investment in telecoms infrastructure over the last decade or so, plus a number of key regulatory initiatives that have combined to see India's huge population delivered at least some level of telephone service.

In terms of the internet and online access, there have been a number of efforts by the government to promote broadband internet throughout the country; broadband development had long been languishing, but there was new hope for a serious expansion phase in this segment of the market. By early 2015 there were around 15.5 million fixed broadband subscribers - a lowly penetration (by population) of slightly more than 1%. Meanwhile, mobile broadband was finally having an impact on the market and in the medium term this was expected to lift broadband penetration significantly. By March 2015 there were already more than five mobile broadband subscribers for every fixed broadband subscriber.

Although still facing serious functional and regulatory challenges, there is much that is positive to be found in India's telecom industry. Sweeping reforms introduced by successive governments over the last decade or so have dramatically changed the nature of telecommunications in the country. A number of factors have been responsible for the amazing growth in India's telecom sector; apart from the obvious booming economy and the rapid expansion in the country's middle class, the growth drivers include low tariffs, low handset prices and most notably a highly competitive market created by the government and the regulators.

Key developments:

  • overall growth in India's telecom market remains fundamentally strong; but the huge mobile market has been going through a period of uncertainty;
  • the consequences of the 2G corruption scandal have continued to impact on the industry;
  • mobile broadband services have breathed fresh life into the broadband sector, helping increase broadband penetration across the market;
  • the government removed the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) cap on telecom investment;
  • spectrum fees continued to be a controversial issue with a major argument about the impact of the March 2015 auctions on tariffs and the financial situation of the operators;
  • India's mobile subscriber base grew by 7% in 2014 and was growing at a similar rate in 2015;
  • mobile penetration had reached 77%, with room for considerably further growth;
  • mobile ARPUs appeared to be stabilising and was even seeing modest growth;
  • India has overhauled Japan to become the world's third largest smartphone market;
  • new player Reliance Jio was preparing to launch its 4G network by early 2016;
  • Bharti Airtel cancelled its plans to purchase the assets and subscribers of Loop Mobile;
  • this left Loop in an impossible situation, inevitably exiting the market.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Aircel/Dishnet, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Quadrant (HFCL), Idea/Spice, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Vodafone Essar, Telewings (Uninor), Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Data Access, Hughes Telecom, Videocon, AT&T, France Telecom, SingTel, Hathway Cable, Datacom.

Table of Contents

1. Key statistics

2. Telecommunications market

  • 2.1 Market Overview and Analysis
  • 2.2 Background
  • 2.3 Telecommunications Investment
    • 2.3.1 Foreign investment
    • 2.3.2 Investment in IT infrastructure
    • 2.3.3 Investment in Digital Projects
    • 2.3.4 Rural Projects
  • 2.4 Historical overview
    • 2.4.1 2G scandal

3. Regulatory environment

  • 3.1 Overview
  • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.2.1 Ministry for Communications (MoC)
    • 3.2.2 Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
    • 3.2.3 Telecom Commission
    • 3.2.4 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
    • 3.2.5 Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
    • 3.2.6 Communications Commission of India (CCI)
    • 3.2.7 Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY)
  • 3.3 Licensing circles
  • 3.4 Licensing - VNO's
  • 3.5 Net Neutrality
  • 3.6 Regulatory developments
    • 3.6.1 Overview
    • 3.6.2 Regulatory developments - 2015
    • 3.6.3 Regulatory developments - 2014
  • 3.7 Government policies
    • 3.7.1 National Telecom Policies 1999 (NTP-99)
    • 3.7.2 Addendum to NTP-99
    • 3.7.3 National Broadband Policy 2004
    • 3.7.4 12th Five Year Plan (2012 - 2017)
  • 3.8 Interconnect

4. Fixed network operators

  • 4.1 Fixed-line statistics by Operator
  • 4.2 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 4.2.1 Overview
    • 4.2.2 Fixed-line business
  • 4.3 Bharti Airtel
  • 4.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
  • 4.5 Quadrant
  • 4.6 Reliance Communications
  • 4.7 SSTL (Sistema)
  • 4.8 Tata Teleservices
  • 4.9 Videocon
  • 4.10 Vodafone
  • 4.11 NTT

5. Telecommunications infrastructure

  • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
  • 5.2 Statistics
  • 5.3 Telecom towers
    • 5.3.1 Overview
    • 5.3.2 Developments
  • 5.4 Rural and regional networks
    • 5.4.1 Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
    • 5.4.2 Village Public Telephones (VPTs)
    • 5.4.3 Public Call Offices (PCOs)
  • 5.5 National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)
  • 5.6 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
  • 5.7 International infrastructure
    • 5.7.1 Background
  • 5.8 Satellite communications
    • 5.8.1 INSAT
    • 5.8.2 Intelsat
    • 5.8.3 Thaicom (formerly ShinSat)
  • 5.9 Submarine cable networks
    • 5.9.1 FLAG
    • 5.9.2 Network i2i
    • 5.9.3 Tata-Indicom cable
    • 5.9.4 SEA-ME-WE 4
    • 5.9.5 Bharat Lanka cable
    • 5.9.6 India, Middle East, Western Europe (I-ME-WE) cable
    • 5.9.7 Europe India Gateway (EIG) cable
    • 5.9.8 Southeast Asia Japan Cable System (SJC)
    • 5.9.9 Submarine cable developments
  • 5.10 Specific IT developments
    • 5.10.1 Data Centres
    • 5.10.2 Cloud Computing
  • 5.11 Smart infrastructure
    • 5.11.1 M2M/IoT
    • 5.11.2 Smart cities

6. Broadband market

  • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 6.1.1 Market Overview and analysis
    • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
    • 6.1.3 National Broadband Policy
    • 6.1.4 National Broadband Plan
    • 6.1.5 Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • 6.2 Fixed Broadband Service Providers
    • 6.2.1 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 6.2.2 Bharti Airtel
    • 6.2.3 Hughes Telecom
    • 6.2.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • 6.2.5 Atria Convergence Technologies (ACT)
    • 6.2.6 Vodafone
    • 6.2.7 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
  • 6.3 Fixed Broadband Technologies
    • 6.3.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.3.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
    • 6.3.4 Fixed wireless

7. Digital media

  • 7.1 Videostreaming
    • 7.1.1 IPTV
  • 7.2 Broadcasting Market
    • 7.2.1 Overview
    • 7.2.2 Market statistics
    • 7.2.3 Cable TV and Satellite TV
    • 7.2.4 Pay TV
    • 7.2.5 Satellite TV Direct-to-Home (DTH) TV
    • 7.2.6 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)

8. Digital economy

  • 8.1 e-Health

9. Mobile communications

  • 9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 9.1.1 Geographic segments
    • 9.1.2 Rural expansion
  • 9.2 Mobile statistics
    • 9.2.1 General statistics
    • 9.2.2 Subscribers by Operator
    • 9.2.3 Mobile Broadband
    • 9.2.4 Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • 9.3 Regulatory issues
    • 9.3.1 Spectrum
    • 9.3.2 Call drop investigation
    • 9.3.3 Operators directed to issue data usage messages
    • 9.3.4 Roaming
    • 9.3.5 MNP
    • 9.3.6 Network sharing
  • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
    • 9.4.1 Introduction
    • 9.4.2 GSM
    • 9.4.3 CDMA
    • 9.4.4 3G
    • 9.4.5 4G / LTE
    • 9.4.6 Other infrastructure developments
  • 9.5 Major mobile operators
    • 9.5.1 Three way Merger of SSTL, RCOM, Aircel
    • 9.5.2 Aircel
    • 9.5.3 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 9.5.4 Bharti Airtel
    • 9.5.5 Idea Cellular
    • 9.5.6 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • 9.5.7 Quadrant
    • 9.5.8 Reliance Communications
    • 9.5.9 Reliance Jio Infocomm
    • 9.5.10 SSTL (Sistema)
    • 9.5.11 Tata Teleservices
    • 9.5.12 Telenor
    • 9.5.13 Vodafone
    • 9.5.14 Fixed-line business
    • 9.5.15 Reach mobile
    • 9.5.16 MVNOs
  • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
    • 9.6.1 Introduction
    • 9.6.2 m-banking (payments/loans)
    • 9.6.3 m-TV
    • 9.6.4 m-Health
    • 9.6.5 Apps
  • 9.7 Mobile handsets
  • Table 1 - Country statistics India - 2016
  • Table 2 - Telephone network statistics - 2016
  • Table 3 - Broadband statistics - 2016
  • Table 4 - Mobile statistics - 2016
  • Table 5 - National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 6 - Historical - Foreign Direct Investment in telecom sector - 2004 - 2014
  • Table 7 - Telephone services to villages (Universal Services) - 2016
  • Table 8 - Historical - Number of telecom licences issued by category - 2007 - 2008
  • Table 9 - Number of telecom licences issued by category - 2013
  • Table 10 - Fixed Line Service Provider by Rural, Urban Segment - March 2016
  • Table 11 - Fixed-line subscribers (millions) by operator - 2010 - 2014; 2016
  • Table 12 - BSNL fixed-line subscribers - 2002; 2012 - 2016
  • Table 13 - Bharti Airtel - Revenue and EBITDA - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 14 - Bharti fixed-line subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 15 - MTNL fixed-line subscribers - 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2016
  • Table 16 - Quadrant fixed-line subscribers - 2012 - 2016
  • Table 17 - Reliance fixed-line subscribers - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 18 - Sistema fixed-line subscribers - 2010 - 2016
  • Table 19 - Tata fixed-line subscribers - 2011 - 2016
  • Table 20 - Videocon mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2015
  • Table 21 - Vodafone Fixed Line subscribers - 2011 - 2016
  • Table 22 - Fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 23 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) - 1995 - 2005
  • Table 24 - Growth of VPT scheme - 2001 - 2015
  • Table 25 - PCOs in operation - 2003 - 2004; 2007 - 2015
  • Table 26 - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2016
  • Table 27 - Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type (Historical) - 2014
  • Table 28 - Internet users - 1995 - 2016
  • Table 29 - Historical - Fixed internet subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2005
  • Table 30 - Fixed internet subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2015
  • Table 31 - Dial-up internet subscribers (historical) - 2007 - 2013
  • Table 32 - Internet household penetration - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 33 - International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2016
  • Table 34 - Forecast fixed internet subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 35 - Number of licensed ISPs (historical) - 2002 - 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2013
  • Table 36 - ISP market - leading operators, subscribers and market share (historical) - 2014
  • Table 37 - Cable modem subscribers - 2001 - 2014
  • Table 38 - DSL subscribers - 2001 - 2014
  • Table 39 - FttX subscribers - 2010 - 2014
  • Table 40 - Broadcasting market overview - 2014
  • Table 41 - Historical - Cable and TV households - 1995 - 2014
  • Table 42 - Historical - Total TV industry estimated revenue - 2000 - 2014
  • Table 43 - Number of channels carried by cable operators - 2011 - 2014
  • Table 44 - Historical - Pay TV subscribers by technology - 2003- 2014
  • Table 45 - DTH subscribers - 2008 - 2015
  • Table 46 - VSAT service providers, subscribers and market share - March 2015
  • Table 47 - Overview of India's mobile market (wireless) - 2012 - 2016
  • Table 48 - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2006 - 2016
  • Table 49 - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 50 - GSM mobile subscribers and annual change - 1997 - 2016
  • Table 51 - Mobile penetration in urban and rural areas - 2007; 2009 - 2016
  • Table 52 - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 53 - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 54 - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (wireless) - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 55- Mobile operators - Systems and Launch
  • Table 56 - Mobile broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2017
  • Table 57 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 58 - GSM ARPU - 2003 - 2016
  • Table 59 - GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended - March 2016
  • Table 60 - CDMA ARPU - 2003 - 2016
  • Table 61 - Aircel mobile subscribers - 2004 - 2016
  • Table 62 - BSNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 63 - Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 64 - Prepaid as a Percentage of Overall Customer 2015 - 2016
  • Table 65 - Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU - 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2016
  • Table 66 - Idea Cellular mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 67 - Idea Cellular 3G mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2015
  • Table 68 - Idea Cellular mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2011; 2013 - 2016
  • Table 69 - MTNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 70 - Quadrant mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
  • Table 71 - Reliance mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 72 - Reliance 3G subscribers - 2012 - 2015
  • Table 73 - Reliance mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2016
  • Table 74 - Sistema mobile subscribers - 2008 - 2016
  • Table 75 - Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 76 - Telenor mobile subscribers - 2009 - 2016
  • Table 77 - Vodafone mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 78 - Vodafone 3G mobile subscribers - 2014 - 2015
  • Table 79 - Vodafone - mobile ARPU - 2008 - 2016
  • Table 80 - Vodafone fixed-line subscribers - 2011 - 2015
  • Chart 1 - Fixed-line subscribers market share by operator
  • Chart 2 - Fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2016
  • Chart 3 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2016
  • Chart 4 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2016
  • Chart 5 - Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2017
  • Exhibit 1- Fixed-line basic services by operator
  • Exhibit 2 - Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel
  • Exhibit 3 - ISRO satellite network
  • Exhibit 4 - International submarine cable systems with landing points in India
  • Exhibit 5 - Broadcasting Standard and major broadcasters
  • Exhibit 6 - Schedule for migration to Digital Addressable Cable TV System (DAS) - 2012 - 2014
  • Exhibit 7 - Operators issued DTH licences - March 2015
  • Exhibit 8 - CDMA 3G commercial deployment in India
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