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市場調査レポート

インドの通信・モバイル・ブロードバンド・デジタルメディア市場:統計データと分析

India - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

発行 BuddeComm 商品コード 204224
出版日 ページ情報 英文 101 Pages
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インドの通信・モバイル・ブロードバンド・デジタルメディア市場:統計データと分析 India - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
出版日: 2016年08月26日 ページ情報: 英文 101 Pages
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概要

当レポートでは、インドにおける各種通信サービスおよびデジタルメディアの市場構造・動向について分析し、主要な市場統計データや規制環境、通信インフラ、ブロードバンド、デジタルメディア、モバイル通信など、市場の動向と発展に関する包括的な分析や、主要オペレーターのプロファイルや将来予測などを提供しています。

第1章 主要統計

第2章 通信市場

  • 市場の概要と分析
  • 背景事情
  • 通信分野への投資
    • 国外からの投資
    • ITインフラへの投資
    • デジタルプロジェクトへの投資
    • 農村部プロジェクト
  • 市場の沿革:概要
    • 2G汚職問題

第3章 規制環境

  • 概要
  • 監督官庁
  • ライセンス・サークル (地域別の許認可)
  • VNO (仮想ネットワークオペレーター) の許認可
  • ネットの中立性
  • 規制の発展
  • 政府の政策
  • 相互接続

第4章 固定回線ネットワークオペレーター

  • 固定回線通信の統計データ:オペレーター別
  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 概要
    • 固定回線通信事業
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
  • Quadrant
  • Reliance Communications
  • SSTL (Sistema)
  • Tata Teleservices
  • Videocon
  • Vodafone
  • 日本電信電話 (NTT)

第5章 通信インフラ

  • 全国電気通信ネットワークの概要
  • 統計データ
  • 通信塔 (概要、建設状況)
  • 農村部・地方のネットワーク
    • USOF (ユニバーサルサービス実施基金)
    • VPT (農村公共電話網)
    • PCO (公衆電話局)
  • 全国光ファイバーネットワーク (NOFN)
  • 次世代型ネットワーク (NGN)
  • 国際通信インフラ
  • 衛星通信
    • INSAT
    • Intelsat
    • Thaicom (旧ShinSat)
  • 海底ケーブル・ネットワーク
  • IT専用インフラの開発
    • データセンター
    • クラウドコンピューティング
  • スマートインフラ
    • M2M (機械間通信)/IoT (モノのインターネット)
    • スマートシティ

第6章 ブロードバンド市場

  • イントロダクションおよび統計データ概要
    • 市場の概要と分析
    • ブロードバンド統計データ
    • 政府のブロードバンド政策
    • 政府のブロードバンド計画
    • 将来予測 (ブロードバンド加入者数、今後6年間分)
  • 固定回線ブロードバンド・サービスプロバイダ
    • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • Bharti Airtel
    • Hughes Telecom
    • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • Atria Convergence Technologies (ACT)
    • Vodafone
    • ISP (インターネット・サービス・プロバイダ)
  • 固定回線ブロードバンド技術
    • HFC (Hybrid Fibre Coax) ネットワーク
    • DSL (デジタル加入者線)
    • FttP/FttH
    • 固定式ワイヤレス通信

第7章 デジタルメディア

  • 動画ストリーミング
    • IPTV
  • 放送市場
    • 概要
    • 市場統計データ
    • ケーブルTV・衛星TV
    • 有料TV
    • 衛星TV・DTH (Direct-to-Home) TV
    • VSAT (超小型地球局)

第8章 デジタルエコノミー

  • 電子医療 (eヘルス)

第9章 モバイル通信

  • 市場の概要と分析
    • 地域区分
    • 農村部への展開
  • モバイル通信統計
    • 全般的な統計データ
    • オペレーター各社の加入者数
    • モバイルブロードバンド
    • 将来予測:モバイル通信加入者数 (今後6年間分)
  • 規制上の問題
    • 周波数帯域
    • 回線途絶問題 (Call drop) に関する調査
    • データ使用量通知の問題への対処に動いたオペレーター
    • ローミング
    • MNP (モバイルナンバーポータビリティ)
    • ネットワーク共有
  • モバイル通信インフラ
    • イントロダクション
    • GSM
    • CDMA
    • 3G
    • 4G/LTE
    • その他のインフラの開発
  • 主要なモバイル通信オペレーター
    • SSTL・RCOM・Aircelの3社の企業買収戦略
    • Aircel
    • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • Bharti Airtel
    • Idea Cellular
    • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • Quadrant
    • Reliance Communications
    • Reliance Jio Infocomm
    • SSTL (Sistema)
    • Tata Teleservices
    • Telenor
    • Vodafone
    • Fixed-line business
    • Reach mobile
    • MVNO (仮想移動体通信事業者)
  • モバイルコンテンツ/アプリケーション
    • イントロダクション
    • モバイルバンキング (決済/ローン)
    • モバイルTV
    • mヘルス (モバイル医療)
    • アプリ
  • モバイル通信ハンドセット

図表一覧

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目次

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in India's telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analysis, trends and developments;
  • Market and operator statistics;
  • Regulatory environment and developments;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major players;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband - fixed (FttH, DSL, wireless);
  • Broadband - mobile;
  • Digital media;
  • Digital economy;
  • Scenario forecasts - subscribers (fixed-line, mobile, fixed internet) to 2020.

Researcher:- Peter Evans Current

Executive Summary

Telecoms in India looks towards a fresh period of growth

After a major hiccup back in 2012, India's mobile market had sorted itself out to a large extent by 2015 and subscriber growth looked to be running at a steady 7% per annum. By March 2015 there were 970 million subscribers representing a mobile penetration of 77%. Mobile penetration was likely to reach 100% by 2020.

The overall economic impact of mobile technology in India amounted to approximately US$115 billion in value-added terms in 2014, this representing an economic contribution of around 5.5% of the country's GDP for the year. Looking forward, mobile broadband was set to grow exponentially throughout India, driving digital inclusion and economic growth for India's consumers and businesses. Into 2015 4G and other data services were shaping as a key battleground. The entry of a new operator Reliance Jio into the market was expected to see even more intense competition in an already hotly competitive market.

By mid-2015 there was already considerable progress in the roll-out of 4G services:

  • Bharti Airtel was operating a TD-LTE network;
  • Bharti had also launched a trial FDD LTE network in 20 cities;
  • Aircel had launched 4G services;
  • Vodafone was planning to launch 4G in Calcutta, Mumbai and Delhi by December 2015;
  • Reliance Jio was set to introduce its 4G network by the end of 2015;
  • Idea Cellular was reported to be set to launch LTE services in January 2016;
  • BSNL was preparing to launch 4G by March 2016.

On the regulatory front there were positive signs of a market improving on the back of restructuring. Figures from the TRAI showed that Mobile Number Portability (MNP) was working well. The process of auctioning spectrum was also working well - despite criticism that the reserve prices had been set to high. The removal of the cap on foreign investment in the telecom sector was yet another strong signal to the market of the government's intentions. The telecom market was still waiting on regulatory guidance with respect to mergers and acquisitions, however; this was important for the process of market consolidation to continue.

In the meantime, the fixed-line market, which had grown strongly over a number of years, began experiencing zero and then negative growth. Fixed-line subscriber numbers stood at around 26 million by early 2015. With less than 3% fixed-line penetration, India had nevertheless achieved a remarkable national coverage, with 99% of the population having some form of access to a telephone. The heavy investment in telecoms infrastructure over the last decade or so, plus a number of key regulatory initiatives that have combined to see India's huge population delivered at least some level of telephone service.

In terms of the internet and online access, there have been a number of efforts by the government to promote broadband internet throughout the country; broadband development had long been languishing, but there was new hope for a serious expansion phase in this segment of the market. By early 2015 there were around 15.5 million fixed broadband subscribers - a lowly penetration (by population) of slightly more than 1%. Meanwhile, mobile broadband was finally having an impact on the market and in the medium term this was expected to lift broadband penetration significantly. By March 2015 there were already more than five mobile broadband subscribers for every fixed broadband subscriber.

Although still facing serious functional and regulatory challenges, there is much that is positive to be found in India's telecom industry. Sweeping reforms introduced by successive governments over the last decade or so have dramatically changed the nature of telecommunications in the country. A number of factors have been responsible for the amazing growth in India's telecom sector; apart from the obvious booming economy and the rapid expansion in the country's middle class, the growth drivers include low tariffs, low handset prices and most notably a highly competitive market created by the government and the regulators.

Key developments:

  • overall growth in India's telecom market remains fundamentally strong; but the huge mobile market has been going through a period of uncertainty;
  • the consequences of the 2G corruption scandal have continued to impact on the industry;
  • mobile broadband services have breathed fresh life into the broadband sector, helping increase broadband penetration across the market;
  • the government removed the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) cap on telecom investment;
  • spectrum fees continued to be a controversial issue with a major argument about the impact of the March 2015 auctions on tariffs and the financial situation of the operators;
  • India's mobile subscriber base grew by 7% in 2014 and was growing at a similar rate in 2015;
  • mobile penetration had reached 77%, with room for considerably further growth;
  • mobile ARPUs appeared to be stabilising and was even seeing modest growth;
  • India has overhauled Japan to become the world's third largest smartphone market;
  • new player Reliance Jio was preparing to launch its 4G network by early 2016;
  • Bharti Airtel cancelled its plans to purchase the assets and subscribers of Loop Mobile;
  • this left Loop in an impossible situation, inevitably exiting the market.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Aircel/Dishnet, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Quadrant (HFCL), Idea/Spice, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Vodafone Essar, Telewings (Uninor), Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Data Access, Hughes Telecom, Videocon, AT&T, France Telecom, SingTel, Hathway Cable, Datacom.

Table of Contents

1. Key statistics

2. Telecommunications market

  • 2.1 Market Overview and Analysis
  • 2.2 Background
  • 2.3 Telecommunications Investment
    • 2.3.1 Foreign investment
    • 2.3.2 Investment in IT infrastructure
    • 2.3.3 Investment in Digital Projects
    • 2.3.4 Rural Projects
  • 2.4 Historical overview
    • 2.4.1 2G scandal

3. Regulatory environment

  • 3.1 Overview
  • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.2.1 Ministry for Communications (MoC)
    • 3.2.2 Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
    • 3.2.3 Telecom Commission
    • 3.2.4 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
    • 3.2.5 Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
    • 3.2.6 Communications Commission of India (CCI)
    • 3.2.7 Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY)
  • 3.3 Licensing circles
  • 3.4 Licensing - VNO's
  • 3.5 Net Neutrality
  • 3.6 Regulatory developments
    • 3.6.1 Overview
    • 3.6.2 Regulatory developments - 2015
    • 3.6.3 Regulatory developments - 2014
  • 3.7 Government policies
    • 3.7.1 National Telecom Policies 1999 (NTP-99)
    • 3.7.2 Addendum to NTP-99
    • 3.7.3 National Broadband Policy 2004
    • 3.7.4 12th Five Year Plan (2012 - 2017)
  • 3.8 Interconnect

4. Fixed network operators

  • 4.1 Fixed-line statistics by Operator
  • 4.2 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 4.2.1 Overview
    • 4.2.2 Fixed-line business
  • 4.3 Bharti Airtel
  • 4.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
  • 4.5 Quadrant
  • 4.6 Reliance Communications
  • 4.7 SSTL (Sistema)
  • 4.8 Tata Teleservices
  • 4.9 Videocon
  • 4.10 Vodafone
  • 4.11 NTT

5. Telecommunications infrastructure

  • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
  • 5.2 Statistics
  • 5.3 Telecom towers
    • 5.3.1 Overview
    • 5.3.2 Developments
  • 5.4 Rural and regional networks
    • 5.4.1 Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
    • 5.4.2 Village Public Telephones (VPTs)
    • 5.4.3 Public Call Offices (PCOs)
  • 5.5 National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)
  • 5.6 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
  • 5.7 International infrastructure
    • 5.7.1 Background
  • 5.8 Satellite communications
    • 5.8.1 INSAT
    • 5.8.2 Intelsat
    • 5.8.3 Thaicom (formerly ShinSat)
  • 5.9 Submarine cable networks
    • 5.9.1 FLAG
    • 5.9.2 Network i2i
    • 5.9.3 Tata-Indicom cable
    • 5.9.4 SEA-ME-WE 4
    • 5.9.5 Bharat Lanka cable
    • 5.9.6 India, Middle East, Western Europe (I-ME-WE) cable
    • 5.9.7 Europe India Gateway (EIG) cable
    • 5.9.8 Southeast Asia Japan Cable System (SJC)
    • 5.9.9 Submarine cable developments
  • 5.10 Specific IT developments
    • 5.10.1 Data Centres
    • 5.10.2 Cloud Computing
  • 5.11 Smart infrastructure
    • 5.11.1 M2M/IoT
    • 5.11.2 Smart cities

6. Broadband market

  • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 6.1.1 Market Overview and analysis
    • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
    • 6.1.3 National Broadband Policy
    • 6.1.4 National Broadband Plan
    • 6.1.5 Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • 6.2 Fixed Broadband Service Providers
    • 6.2.1 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 6.2.2 Bharti Airtel
    • 6.2.3 Hughes Telecom
    • 6.2.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • 6.2.5 Atria Convergence Technologies (ACT)
    • 6.2.6 Vodafone
    • 6.2.7 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
  • 6.3 Fixed Broadband Technologies
    • 6.3.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.3.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
    • 6.3.4 Fixed wireless

7. Digital media

  • 7.1 Videostreaming
    • 7.1.1 IPTV
  • 7.2 Broadcasting Market
    • 7.2.1 Overview
    • 7.2.2 Market statistics
    • 7.2.3 Cable TV and Satellite TV
    • 7.2.4 Pay TV
    • 7.2.5 Satellite TV Direct-to-Home (DTH) TV
    • 7.2.6 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)

8. Digital economy

  • 8.1 e-Health

9. Mobile communications

  • 9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 9.1.1 Geographic segments
    • 9.1.2 Rural expansion
  • 9.2 Mobile statistics
    • 9.2.1 General statistics
    • 9.2.2 Subscribers by Operator
    • 9.2.3 Mobile Broadband
    • 9.2.4 Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • 9.3 Regulatory issues
    • 9.3.1 Spectrum
    • 9.3.2 Call drop investigation
    • 9.3.3 Operators directed to issue data usage messages
    • 9.3.4 Roaming
    • 9.3.5 MNP
    • 9.3.6 Network sharing
  • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
    • 9.4.1 Introduction
    • 9.4.2 GSM
    • 9.4.3 CDMA
    • 9.4.4 3G
    • 9.4.5 4G / LTE
    • 9.4.6 Other infrastructure developments
  • 9.5 Major mobile operators
    • 9.5.1 Three way Merger of SSTL, RCOM, Aircel
    • 9.5.2 Aircel
    • 9.5.3 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 9.5.4 Bharti Airtel
    • 9.5.5 Idea Cellular
    • 9.5.6 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • 9.5.7 Quadrant
    • 9.5.8 Reliance Communications
    • 9.5.9 Reliance Jio Infocomm
    • 9.5.10 SSTL (Sistema)
    • 9.5.11 Tata Teleservices
    • 9.5.12 Telenor
    • 9.5.13 Vodafone
    • 9.5.14 Fixed-line business
    • 9.5.15 Reach mobile
    • 9.5.16 MVNOs
  • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
    • 9.6.1 Introduction
    • 9.6.2 m-banking (payments/loans)
    • 9.6.3 m-TV
    • 9.6.4 m-Health
    • 9.6.5 Apps
  • 9.7 Mobile handsets
  • Table 1 - Country statistics India - 2016
  • Table 2 - Telephone network statistics - 2016
  • Table 3 - Broadband statistics - 2016
  • Table 4 - Mobile statistics - 2016
  • Table 5 - National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 6 - Historical - Foreign Direct Investment in telecom sector - 2004 - 2014
  • Table 7 - Telephone services to villages (Universal Services) - 2016
  • Table 8 - Historical - Number of telecom licences issued by category - 2007 - 2008
  • Table 9 - Number of telecom licences issued by category - 2013
  • Table 10 - Fixed Line Service Provider by Rural, Urban Segment - March 2016
  • Table 11 - Fixed-line subscribers (millions) by operator - 2010 - 2014; 2016
  • Table 12 - BSNL fixed-line subscribers - 2002; 2012 - 2016
  • Table 13 - Bharti Airtel - Revenue and EBITDA - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 14 - Bharti fixed-line subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 15 - MTNL fixed-line subscribers - 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2016
  • Table 16 - Quadrant fixed-line subscribers - 2012 - 2016
  • Table 17 - Reliance fixed-line subscribers - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 18 - Sistema fixed-line subscribers - 2010 - 2016
  • Table 19 - Tata fixed-line subscribers - 2011 - 2016
  • Table 20 - Videocon mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2015
  • Table 21 - Vodafone Fixed Line subscribers - 2011 - 2016
  • Table 22 - Fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 23 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) - 1995 - 2005
  • Table 24 - Growth of VPT scheme - 2001 - 2015
  • Table 25 - PCOs in operation - 2003 - 2004; 2007 - 2015
  • Table 26 - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2016
  • Table 27 - Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type (Historical) - 2014
  • Table 28 - Internet users - 1995 - 2016
  • Table 29 - Historical - Fixed internet subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2005
  • Table 30 - Fixed internet subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2015
  • Table 31 - Dial-up internet subscribers (historical) - 2007 - 2013
  • Table 32 - Internet household penetration - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 33 - International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2016
  • Table 34 - Forecast fixed internet subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 35 - Number of licensed ISPs (historical) - 2002 - 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2013
  • Table 36 - ISP market - leading operators, subscribers and market share (historical) - 2014
  • Table 37 - Cable modem subscribers - 2001 - 2014
  • Table 38 - DSL subscribers - 2001 - 2014
  • Table 39 - FttX subscribers - 2010 - 2014
  • Table 40 - Broadcasting market overview - 2014
  • Table 41 - Historical - Cable and TV households - 1995 - 2014
  • Table 42 - Historical - Total TV industry estimated revenue - 2000 - 2014
  • Table 43 - Number of channels carried by cable operators - 2011 - 2014
  • Table 44 - Historical - Pay TV subscribers by technology - 2003- 2014
  • Table 45 - DTH subscribers - 2008 - 2015
  • Table 46 - VSAT service providers, subscribers and market share - March 2015
  • Table 47 - Overview of India's mobile market (wireless) - 2012 - 2016
  • Table 48 - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2006 - 2016
  • Table 49 - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 50 - GSM mobile subscribers and annual change - 1997 - 2016
  • Table 51 - Mobile penetration in urban and rural areas - 2007; 2009 - 2016
  • Table 52 - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) - 2005 - 2016
  • Table 53 - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 54 - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (wireless) - 2015 - 2016
  • Table 55- Mobile operators - Systems and Launch
  • Table 56 - Mobile broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2017
  • Table 57 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 58 - GSM ARPU - 2003 - 2016
  • Table 59 - GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended - March 2016
  • Table 60 - CDMA ARPU - 2003 - 2016
  • Table 61 - Aircel mobile subscribers - 2004 - 2016
  • Table 62 - BSNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 63 - Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 64 - Prepaid as a Percentage of Overall Customer 2015 - 2016
  • Table 65 - Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU - 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2016
  • Table 66 - Idea Cellular mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 67 - Idea Cellular 3G mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2015
  • Table 68 - Idea Cellular mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2011; 2013 - 2016
  • Table 69 - MTNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 70 - Quadrant mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
  • Table 71 - Reliance mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 72 - Reliance 3G subscribers - 2012 - 2015
  • Table 73 - Reliance mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2016
  • Table 74 - Sistema mobile subscribers - 2008 - 2016
  • Table 75 - Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 76 - Telenor mobile subscribers - 2009 - 2016
  • Table 77 - Vodafone mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
  • Table 78 - Vodafone 3G mobile subscribers - 2014 - 2015
  • Table 79 - Vodafone - mobile ARPU - 2008 - 2016
  • Table 80 - Vodafone fixed-line subscribers - 2011 - 2015
  • Chart 1 - Fixed-line subscribers market share by operator
  • Chart 2 - Fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2016
  • Chart 3 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2016
  • Chart 4 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2016
  • Chart 5 - Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2017
  • Exhibit 1- Fixed-line basic services by operator
  • Exhibit 2 - Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel
  • Exhibit 3 - ISRO satellite network
  • Exhibit 4 - International submarine cable systems with landing points in India
  • Exhibit 5 - Broadcasting Standard and major broadcasters
  • Exhibit 6 - Schedule for migration to Digital Addressable Cable TV System (DAS) - 2012 - 2014
  • Exhibit 7 - Operators issued DTH licences - March 2015
  • Exhibit 8 - CDMA 3G commercial deployment in India
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