市場調査レポート

再生可能エネルギーと世界不況

Renewable Energy and the Global Recession

発行 NRG Expert 商品コード 269981
出版日 ページ情報 英文 596 Pages
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再生可能エネルギーと世界不況 Renewable Energy and the Global Recession
出版日: 2013年04月01日 ページ情報: 英文 596 Pages
概要

当レポートは、世界の再生可能エネルギー市場について調査し、技術、企業、公共需要、将来の展望および各エネルギー市場別の分析を提供しており、再生可能エネルギーの国家政策をまとめ、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

第1章 再生可能エネルギーの概要

  • 世界1次エネルギー供給における再生可能エネルギー
  • TPES:1次エネルギー総供給量
  • 1次エネルギー源の年間成長
  • TFEC:最終エネルギー総消費量
  • 2次エネルギー、バイオエネルギー発電
  • 再生可能エネルギーの種類

第2章 水力発電

  • 水力発電の概要
  • 技術
  • 大規模水力発電(LHP)
  • 小規模水力発電(SHP)
  • 欧州におけるSHPの開発
  • 小規模、中規模および大規模水力発電所向けタービン技術
  • 供給の安全性
  • 環境上の懸念事項
  • 水力発電市場の潜在規模
  • 水力発電市場
  • 欧州
  • CIS
  • 北米
  • ラテンアメリカ・カリブ海諸国
  • アジア太平洋地域
  • 先進アジア太平洋地域
  • アフリカ
  • 中東

第3章 風力発電

  • 風力発電の概要
  • 風力発電の主要国
  • 欧州
  • 北米
  • ラテンアメリカ
  • アジア
  • 太平洋地域
  • アフリカ・中東
  • 風力発電の影響因子
  • 風力発電の運用経験
  • 炭素排出量削減における再生可能エネルギーの貢献と目標
  • レアアースメタル
  • 政府サポート
  • 国別の風力発電市場とサポートプラント:中間諸国−欧州
  • 国別の風力発電市場とサポートプラント:アジア太平洋地域
  • 国別の風力発電市場とサポートプラント:アフリカ
  • 国別の風力発電市場とサポートプラント:南北アメリカ
  • 風力発電所ディベロッパー・所有者
  • 風力タービンサイズの開発
  • オフショア風力発電:新しいフロンティア、ほか

第4章 太陽光発電

  • シリコン原料
  • 各国プロファイル
  • その他諸国のプロファイル
  • 技術背景
  • 製造
  • 生産能力:メガワット(MW)
  • 将来の予測
  • 政府・産業支援プログラム
  • 価格
  • 新技術の予測

第5章 太陽熱エネルギー

  • 太陽熱発電技術
  • 集光器・レシーバー
  • ソーラーチムニー発電所
  • ルーフトップ設置
  • 太陽熱プロジェクト:国別
  • 実行中・建設中または建設許可済みの太陽熱プロジェクト
  • STP太陽熱発電のコスト

第6章 バイオマス

  • バイオマスエネルギー変換の概要
  • TFEC:最終エネルギー創傷肥料
  • 利用パターン:地域別
  • 燃料ラダー
  • 地方の利用
  • 都市の利用
  • バイオエネルギー発電
  • バイオエネルギーのメリットとデメリット
  • バイオマスエネルギー開発の促進要因
  • バイオマス資源
  • バイオマス変換技術
  • 技術開発
  • バイオマス電気・熱
  • バイオマス熱
  • 将来の1次バイオマスエネルギー生産量・消費量
  • バイオマス市場:アプリケーションの技術別
  • 欧州
  • 米国
  • その他
  • バイオマス
  • MSW(都市廃棄物)
  • 埋立地ガス
  • バイオパワー

第7章 バイオ燃料

  • 第1世代バイオ燃料
  • 次世代
  • 環境への影響
  • 市場
  • バイオ燃料生産
  • 航空機市場
  • 石油&ガス投資

第8章 地熱エネルギー

  • 地熱エネルギーの概要
  • 地熱エネルギー容量・利用の外洋
  • 地熱発電
  • 技術背景
  • 資源のロケーション
  • 地熱エネルギー効率
  • 地熱発電コスト
  • 北米
  • アジア太平洋地域
  • 欧州
  • アフリカ

第9章 海洋エネルギー変換

  • 海洋エネルギー変換の概要
  • 潮流エネルギー
  • 波力エネルギー
  • 海洋熱エネルギー変換(OTEC)
  • 塩分勾配

第10章 分散型発電

第11章 再生可能エネルギーの国家政策

  • 再生可能エネルギー目標
  • FIT(固定価格買取制度)とRPS(再生可能エネルギー利用割合基準)
  • EUとFIT
  • 米国とRPS
  • 欧州におけるFIT
  • 米国におけるRPS政策の発展
  • FITとRPSの比較
  • 欧州:欧州再生可能エネルギー指令(the EU Renewable Energy Directive)
  • 投資家の信頼、価格、および政策コスト
  • 効率
  • 革新と技術多様性
  • 所有権構造
  • 結論
  • 米国におけるFIT

図表

目次
Product Code: NRGRER1

Renewables through the Recession

While the global recession of 2008-2013 has meant slowed growth across many sectors, the renewable energy sector has seen continued investment. Growing interest and political pressures mean that governments worldwide have continued to encourage development and investment in this sector. As such, global capacity has continued to grow, albeit at a slower pace than in 2008.

This NRG Expert report contains an overview of the global market for renewable energy, and covers the technology, companies, public demand and future prospects, with an analysis of each energy sector. This allows for an examination of the effects of the recession on the global renewable industry given its unique position. It provides interesting insight into how a market sector will continue to grow in times of recession given sufficient government and public interest.

Product Scope

This report has a global perspective, meaning that industries the world over are examined. Detailed technical descriptions of current technologies are also included, along with a by-country focus on national renewable infrastructure.

Reasons to Buy

  • Gain insight into the role of government and public interest in the development of renewable energy
  • Examine the historical trends of renewable energy across over 100 nations (see table of contents for complete listing)
  • Review intelligence and technical descriptions for the current and most important renewable energy technologies
  • Examine detailed descriptions of historical developments in the biggest players in this sector
  • Understand the effects of tariffs and other incentives on this sector

Table of Contents

Note: The Table of Contents has been edited for brevity; please contact Global Information or request a sample for a full list of this report's contents and a list of all 106 tables and 189 figures offered up in the report.

1. Overview of Renewable Energy

  • Renewable energy in world primary energy supply
  • TPES - Total Primary Energy Supply
  • Annual growth of primary energy sources
  • TFEC - Total final energy consumption
  • Secondary energy, Bioenergy power generation
  • Types of renewable energy
    • Hydro power
    • Wind power
    • Solar photovoltaic energy
    • Solar thermal energy
    • Solar thermal heat for water and buildings
    • Solar thermal cooling
    • Solar thermal power generation
    • Biomass energy
    • Biofuels
    • Geothermal energy
    • Ocean energy conversion
    • Distributed generation
    • Renewable energy issues
    • Advantages and disadvantages of renewable forms of energy

2. Hydropower

  • Overview of hydropower
  • Technologies
  • Large hydropower (LHP)
  • Small hydropower (SHP)
  • Development of SHP in Europe
  • Turbine technologies for small-, mid- and large-scale hydro plants
    • Pelton Turbine
    • Francis Turbine
    • Bulb Turbine
    • Propeller or Kaplan Turbine
  • Security of supply
  • Environmental concerns
  • The potential size of the hydroelectric market
  • The hydro electricity market
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • North America
  • LAC, Latin America and Caribbean
  • Asia Pacific
  • Large hydropower
  • Additional large hydro developments in China
  • Small hydropower
  • The current status of SHP in China
  • SHP practice and experience in China
  • Decentralised development and management mechanism focusing on local stakeholders
  • Policy stimulates development
  • Funding sources
  • Close relationship with rural electrification programme
  • Emphasis on cost-effective SHP technology
  • Local grid development and SHP own supply area
  • Size matters
  • Industrialized Asia Pacific
  • Africa
  • Middle East

3. Wind Power

  • Overview of wind power
    • Wind power development in 2009
    • Outlook to 2012
  • The leading wind power countries in 2009
    • Long term outlook: 2020
  • Europe
  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Asia
  • Pacific
  • Africa and Middle East
  • Factors affecting wind power
    • Grid balancing
    • Grid extension
    • Storage
    • Capacity credit
    • Mis-match of supply and demand
    • Load following
    • Dispersion
    • Inadequacy of weather forecasting
    • Spinning reserve/back-up
    • Wake effects
  • The operational experiences of wind power
    • E.On Netz Wind Report, 2004
    • Grid balancing
    • Grid balancing congestion
    • E.On Netz Wind Report, 2005
    • E.On conclusions about wind power
  • Western Denmark 2005
  • ESB report in Ireland 2004
  • USA experience
  • Spain
  • Reduction in carbon emissions
  • Contribution and target of renewables in reducing carbon emissions
  • ENTSO-E
  • Rare Earth Metals
  • United States
    • The start of wind power
    • Market size and forecast
    • Offshore
    • Manufacturers
    • Developers
  • China
    • Installed wind capacity
    • Future targets
    • Wind resources
    • Barriers to growth
    • Offshore wind power
    • Wind turbine size
    • Chinese manufacturing capability
    • Xinjiang Goldwind Co
    • Sinovel Wind Co.
    • Dongfang Electric Group
  • Germany
    • Market size and forecast
    • Market share in Germany
    • Repowering trend
    • Offshore
    • Wind turbine size
    • Regional distribution of wind turbines
  • Spain
    • Future targets for wind power in Spain
    • Manufacturing industry
    • Wind developers
  • India
    • Market size and forecast
    • Future targets
    • Wind energy resources in India
  • Government support
    • 2009 developments
    • 2010 developments
    • Renewable Portfolio Standard
    • MNES - Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources
    • IREDA - Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd
    • State incentives
    • Manufacturing base
    • Suzlon
  • National wind power markets and support plans; Intermediate countries - Europe
    • Austria
    • Denmark
  • France
    • Greece
  • Ireland
  • National wind power markets and support plans Intermediate countries - Asia Pacific
  • National wind power markets and support plans Intermediate countries - Africa
  • National wind power markets and support plans Intermediate countries - Americas
  • Wind farm developers and owners
  • Development of wind turbine size
  • Offshore wind power - the new frontier

4. Solar PV

  • Silicon feedstock
  • Country Profiles
    • Germany
    • Spain
    • Japan
    • United States
    • China
    • India
  • Other country profiles
  • Technical background
    • Solar energy
    • Solar photovoltaics
    • Solar cell materials
    • Conditions of use
    • Isolated generation
    • PV and the environment
    • Applications of Solar PV Technology
  • Manufacturing
  • Production capacity, MW
  • Future projections
  • Government and industry support programs
    • United States - Federal incentives
    • Japan
    • Europe - targets
  • Prices
  • Forecasting a new technology

5. Solar Thermal Energy

  • Solar Thermal Power Generation Technology
  • Concentrators and Receivers
    • Parabolic Trough
    • Mechanical Tracking
    • Fresnel Principle Solar Collectors
    • Parabolic Dish Systems
    • Central Receiver Systems - Solar Tower
  • Solar Chimney Power Plants
  • Rooftop installations
    • Solar thermal hydrogen production
    • Power Conversion System
    • Rankine-Cycle Systems
    • ISCC, Integrated Solar Combined Cycle Systems
    • Peak thermal-to-electric efficiency can exceed 70% for an ISCC plant compared to 50-55% for a conventional gas-fired combined cycle plant.
    • TES Thermal Energy Storage
    • Types of storage
    • Development of TES for CSP
    • Current Status of Solar Thermal Electricity Generation - 2009
  • Solar thermal projects by country
  • Solar thermal projects in operation, under construction or approved for construction
  • Costs of STP Solar Thermal Power

6. Biomass

  • Overview of biomass energy conversion
  • TFEC - Total Final Energy Consumption
  • Usage patterns by region
  • The Fuel Ladder
  • Rural usage
  • Urban usage
  • Bioenergy power generation
  • Benefits and constraints of bioenergy
  • Factors encouraging the development of biomass energy
  • Biomass resources
  • Biomass conversion technologies
  • Technology developments
  • Biomass electricity and heat
  • Biomass heat
  • Future primary biomass energy production and consumption
  • Biomass markets by technology per application
    • Biomass heat
  • Europe
    • Technology for biomass heat
    • Domestic heat production
    • Larger scale use of biomass fuel for heating
    • District heating
    • Industrial use of biomass electricity and heat
    • European competitiveness
    • Market characteristics
    • Infrastructure constraints
  • USA
  • Rest of world
  • Biogas
    • Biogas in the developing world
  • MSW (Municipal Solid Waste)
    • Technology
    • Waste reduction
    • Environmental issues
    • Recession
    • Global picture
    • Manufacture and competition
    • Future prospects
  • Landfill gas
    • Environment
    • Technology
    • Landfill gas market
    • Market problems
    • Future prospects for landfill gas
  • Biopower
    • Technology
    • Regional development

7. Biofuels

  • First generation biofuels
    • Ethanol (Bioethanol)
    • Biodiesel
    • Energy Crops and others
  • Next generation
    • Cellulosic biofuels (lignocellulosic biofuels)
    • Algae
  • Environmental Impact
  • Market
  • Biofuel production
    • Europe
    • USA
    • Argentina
    • Brazil
    • Indonesia
    • Malaysia
  • Aviation sector
    • Air force and the military
  • Oil & Gas Involvement

8. Geothermal Energy

  • Overview of geothermal energy
  • Overview of geothermal energy capacity and utilisation
    • Geothermal direct use
    • Ground-Source Heat Pumps (GSHP)
  • Geothermal electricity generation
  • Technical background
    • Dry steam
    • Binary cycle
    • Hot dry rock/enhanced geothermal systems (HDR)
  • Location of resources
  • Geothermal energy efficiency
  • Geothermal generation costs
  • North America
    • United States
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Asia Pacific
    • Australia
    • Indonesia
    • Japan
    • Philippines
    • China
    • New Zealand
  • Latin America
    • Costa Rica
    • El Salvador
    • Nicaragua
  • Europe
    • France
    • Germany
    • Iceland
    • Italy
  • Africa
    • Kenya

9. Ocean Energy Conversion

  • Overview of ocean energy conversion
  • Tidal Energy
  • Wave Energy
  • Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)
  • Salinity Gradients

10. Distributed Generation

11. National Policies for Renewable Energy

  • Renewable energy targets
  • Feed-in tariffs and RPS
  • EU and feed-in tariffs
  • US and RPS
  • The feed-in tariff in Europe
  • The evolution of RPS Policy in the United States
  • Comparison of feed-in tariffs and RPS
  • Europe - the EU Renewable Energy Directive
  • Investor confidence, price, and policy cost
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation and technology diversity
  • Ownership structure
  • Conclusion
  • Feed-in tariffs in the United States

Tables

  • Table 1.1: Advantages and disadvantages of different types of renewable energy
  • Table 2.1: Hydroelectric installed capacity and generation by regions and major countries, 2008, capacity >2,500 MW
  • Table 2.2: Europe, hydroelectric net installed capacity and generation, 2008

Figures

  • Figure 1.1: Total global primary energy supply 2008
  • Figure 1.2: The growth and share of renewables in TPES, trillion Btu, 1971 to 2030
  • Figure 1.3: Annual growth of renewable energy supply, 1990 to 2008
  • Figure 1.4: World Total Final Energy Consumption) by fuel, Mtoe, 1970 to 2009
  • Figure 1.5: Share of total final consumption 2008
  • Figure 1.6: Renewables in electricity production 2008
  • Figure 1.7: Costs of generation technologies, USD per kW and per kWh, 2009
  • Figure 1.8: Estimated costs for different energy sources
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