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市場調査レポート

世界の電力自由化に関する調査

Global Electricity Deregulation - Market Research Report

発行 NRG Expert 商品コード 251311
出版日 ページ情報 英文 544 Pages
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世界の電力自由化に関する調査 Global Electricity Deregulation - Market Research Report
出版日: 2012年09月25日 ページ情報: 英文 544 Pages
概要

当レポートは、世界における電力の民営化と自由化の状況について国別の分析を提供しており、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 世界の民営化・自由化に関する調査

第2章 欧州

  • 概要
    • 西欧
    • オーストリア
    • ベルギー
    • フランス
    • ドイツ
    • ギリシャ
    • アイルランド
    • イタリア
    • ルクセンブルグ
    • オランダ
    • ポルトガル
    • スペイン
    • スイス
    • 英国
  • 北欧諸国(EU3ヶ国+ノルウェー、アイスランド)
    • デンマーク
    • フィンランド
    • アイスランド
    • ノルウェー
    • スウェーデン
  • EU加盟国および加盟準備国
  • 概要
  • 中欧諸国
    • チェコ共和国
    • ハンガリー
    • ポーランド
    • スロバキア
    • スロベニア
  • 共通のバルト諸国エネルギー市場
    • エストニア
    • ラトビア
    • リトアニア
  • 南欧・東欧(バルカン諸国)
    • アルバニア
    • ボスニアヘルツェゴビナ
    • ブルガリア
    • クロアチア
    • マケドニア
    • ルーマニア
    • セルビアモンテネグロ
    • トルコ
    • 国連コソボ暫定統治機構(UNMIC)
  • 地中海諸島
    • キプロス
    • マルタ

第4章 CIS

  • アルメニア
  • アゼルバイジャン
  • ベラルーシ
  • グルジア
  • カザフスタン
  • キルギスタン
  • モルドバ
  • ロシア
  • タジキスタン
  • ウクライナ
  • ウズベキスタン

第5章 東アジア

  • 日本
  • 韓国
  • モンゴル
  • 台湾
  • 中国
  • 香港

第6章 ASEAN

  • カンボジア
  • インドネシア
  • ラオス
  • マレーシア
  • フィリピン
  • シンガポール
  • タイ
  • ベトナム

第7章 南アジア地域協力連合(SAARC)

  • インド
  • パキスタン
  • バングラデシュ
  • スリランカ
  • ネパール
  • ブータン
  • モルディブ

第8章 太平洋諸国

  • オーストラリア
  • ニュージーランド

第9章 北米

  • 概要
    • カナダ
    • 米国

第10章 南米

  • 地域的なエネルギー市場の統合/Comision de Integracion Electrica Regional (CIER)
    • アルゼンチン
    • ボリビア
    • ブラジル
    • チリ
    • コロンビア
    • エクアドル
    • ギニア
    • パラグアイ
    • ペルー
    • ウルグアイ
    • ベネズエラ
  • 中米
    • メキシコ
  • 中米北部の三角地帯
    • ベリーズ
    • コスタリカ
    • エルサルバドル
    • グアテマラ
    • ホンジュラス
    • ニカラグア
    • パナマ
  • カリブ海諸国
    • バハマ
    • バルバドス
    • バミューダ諸島
    • ドミニカ共和国
    • ジャマイカ
    • キューバ
    • プエルトリコ
    • トリニダードトバゴ
    • バージン諸島

第11章 中東

  • 概要
  • 湾岸協力会議電力グリッド機関(GCCIA)
    • バーレーン
    • イラン
    • イラク
    • イスラエル
    • ヨルダン
    • クウェート
    • レバノン
    • オマーン
    • パレスチナ
    • カタール
    • サウジアラビア
    • シリア
    • UAE
    • アブダビ(UAE)
    • ドバイ(UAE)
    • イエメン

第12章 アフリカ

  • 概要
  • 北アフリカ−マグレブ地域
    • アルジェリア
    • エジプト
    • リビア
    • モーリタニア
    • モロッコ
    • スーダン
    • チュニジア
  • 東アフリカ−アフリカ大湖地域
    • ブルンジ
    • エチオピア
    • ケニア
    • モーリシャス
    • ルワンダ
    • タンザニア
    • ウガンダ
  • 中央アフリカ
    • カメルーン
    • 中央アフリカ共和国
    • チャド
    • コンゴ共和国
    • ガボン
    • 赤道ギニア
  • 西アフリカ
  • 西アフリカ諸国経済共同体 (ECOWAS)
    • ベナン
    • ブルキナファソ
    • カーボベルデ
    • コートジボワール
    • ガンビア
    • ガーナ
    • ギニア
    • ギニアビサウ
    • リベリア
    • マリ
    • ニジェール
    • ナイジェリア
    • セネガル
    • シエラレオネ
    • トーゴ
  • 南部アフリカ開発共同体(SADC)
  • 南部アフリカ電力プール(SAPP)
    • 南アフリカ
    • アンゴラ
    • ボツワナ
    • コンゴ民主共和国
    • レソト
    • マダガスカル
    • マラウィ
    • モザンビーク
    • ナミビア
    • スワジランド
    • ザンビア
    • ジンバブエ

第13章 用語

図表

目次
Product Code: NRGED01

What's in this report and analysis?

  • Overview of the state of the electricity sector
  • World Survey of Electricity Privatisation and Deregulation
  • Coverage of electricity privatisation and deregulation at the country and regional-level

Report Highlights:

A shortage of installed generation capacity rather than supplies of fossil fuels for power generation is more of a pressing issue for the electricity supply sector. NRG Expert has found that due to a lack of generation capacity in operation, under construction or in the planning stages 2032 is a critical date where world electricity supply will not meet electricity demand. This critical date may be earlier in North America and Europe. It may be exacerbated following recent announcements by some Europe-an countries to abandon nuclear power.

Private sector involvement and deregulation

To meet the growing demand for electricity and increase coverage, private sector involvement is expected to increase, along with the import and export of electricity between countries.

Europe and the CIS

Full market opening in the EU has taken place in all of the original 15 EU member states and new ascension countries except Estonia and Hungary.

Further grid integration is occurring between the countries resulting in more import and export of electricity. There are now eight major electricity exchanges in the region and many minor markets, some of which have expanded to include more European countries in recent years. For example, the Nord Pool expanded to open the Kontek bidding area in Germany in 2005. Then five years' later opened a bidding area in Estonia and delivered a technical solution for a new Lithuanian market place.

Private sector involvement has been increasing in the CIS in the form of independent power projects (IPPs) and the market is opening up in order to attract funding to the sector, but there has been little progress towards market liberalisation. For example, in Azerbaijan the Law of the Republic of Ka-zakhstan on Electricity was implemented in January 2009, which includes the free pricing of energy generating organisations.

Middle East

The private sector is mainly involved in IPP projects, and now the electricity grids of major countries in the region are interconnected.

Americas

A shift in ownership is occurring from regulated utilities to competitive suppliers in North America. There is increasing privatisation in Latin America and the sector is fully privatised in Chile.

Asia

The private sector is mainly involved in IPP projects, and in some countries a more attractive market has been created. For example, in China, in 2009, the electricity pricing system was altered to allow electricity producers and wholesale end-users to negotiate directly with each other, and the electricity price for all sectors, except residential, were raised, but only to $0.04/kWh. Electricity rates were raised further for energy-intensive industries were raised by 50% to 100% in June 2010.

Africa

The power sector is mainly government owned in Africa. Of the potential markets for liberalisation, South Africa is the most promising after the government announced plans in February 2010 for an independent system and market operator independent from Eskom.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

  • Overview

1. World Survey of Privatisation and Deregulation

2. Europe

  • Overview
    • Western Europe
    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • France
    • Germany
    • Greece
    • Ireland
    • Italy
    • Luxembourg
    • Netherlands
    • Portugal
    • Spain
    • Switzerland
    • United Kingdom
  • Nordic Countries (EU 3, plus Norway, Iceland)
    • Denmark
    • Finland
    • Iceland
    • Norway
    • Sweden
  • EU 10 Accession States and Candidate Countries
  • Overview
  • CENTREL Countries
    • Czech Republic
    • Hungary
    • Poland
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
  • Common Baltic Energy Market
    • Estonia
    • Latvia
    • Lithuania
  • South East Europe (Balkans)
    • Albania
    • Bosnia Herzogovina
    • Bulgaria
    • Croatia
    • Macedonia
    • Romania
    • Serbia Montenegro
    • Turkey
    • UNMIK Kosovo
  • Mediterranean Islands
    • Cyprus
    • Malta

4. CIS

  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Georgia
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Moldova
  • Russia
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan

5. East Asia

  • Japan
  • Korea - South
  • Mongolia
  • Taiwan, ROC
  • China, PRC
  • Hong Kong, SAR

6. ASEAN

  • Cambodia
  • Indonesia
  • Laos
  • Malaysia
  • Philippines
  • Singapore
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam

7. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

  • India
  • Pakistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Sri Lanka
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan
  • Maldives

8. Pacific

  • Australia
  • New Zealand

9. North America

  • Overview
    • Canada
    • United States

10. South America

  • Regional Energy Sector Integration / Comision de Integracion Electrica Regional (CIER)
    • Argentina
    • Bolivia
    • Brazil
    • Chile
    • Colombia
    • Ecuador
    • Guyana
    • Paraguay
    • Peru
    • Uruguay
    • Venezuela
  • Central America
    • Mexico
  • The Northern Triangle of Central America
    • Belize
    • Costa Rica
    • El Salvador
    • Guatemala
    • Honduras
    • Nicaragua
    • Panama
  • Caribbean
    • Bahamas
    • Barbados
    • Bermuda
    • The Dominican Republic
    • Jamaica
    • Cuba
    • Puerto Rico
    • Trinidad and Tobago
    • US Virgin Islands

11. Middle East

  • Overview
  • Gulf Co-operation Council Power Grid Authority (GCCIA)
    • Bahrain
    • Iran
    • Iraq
    • Israel
    • Jordan
    • Kuwait
    • Lebanon
    • Oman
    • Palestine
    • Qatar
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Syria
    • United Arab Emirates
    • Abu Dhabi (UAE)
    • Dubai (UAE)
    • Yemen

12. Africa

  • Overview
  • North Africa - Mahgreb
    • Algeria
    • Egypt
    • Libya
    • Mauritania
    • Morocco
    • Sudan
    • Tunisia
  • East Africa - Great Lakes Region
    • Burundi
    • Ethiopia
    • Kenya
    • Mauritius
    • Rwanda
    • Tanzania
    • Uganda
  • Central Africa
    • Cameroon
    • Central African Republic
    • Chad
    • Congo, Republic
    • Gabon
    • Guinea Equatorial
  • West Africa
  • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Benin
    • Burkina Faso
    • Cape Verde
    • Cote d'Ivoire
    • Gambia
    • Ghana
    • Guinea
    • Guinea-Bissau
    • Liberia
    • Mali
    • Niger
    • Nigeria
    • Senegal
    • Sierra Leone
    • Togo
  • South African Development Community (SADC)
  • South African Power Pool (SAPP)
    • South Africa
    • Angola
    • Botswana
    • Democratic Republic of Congo
    • Lesotho
    • Madagascar
    • Malawi
    • Mozambique
    • Namibia
    • Swaziland
    • Zambia
    • Zimbabwe

13. Glossary

  • Sources

Table of Figures

  • Figure 2-1: The extent of market opening in the EU and neighbouring countries, 2006
  • Figure 2-2: The extent of market opening in the EU and neighbouring countries, 2007
  • Figure 2-3: The extent of market opening in the EU and neighbouring countries, 2009
  • Figure 2-4: Major electricity exchanges in Europe
  • Figure 2-5: North-western European market coupling
  • Figure 2-6: Iberdrola's international projects in Europe
  • Figure 2-7: Iberdrola's international projects in North America
  • Figure 2-8: Iberdrola's international projects in Latin America
  • Figure 2-9: Iberdrola's international projects in Asia
  • Figure 2-10: Iberdrola's international projects in Africa
  • Figure 2-11: Transmission capacities on the interconnectors of the Nordic countries in May 2011
  • Figure 2-12: Current projects to reinforce the Nordic grid
  • Figure 4-1: Electricity transmission system in Belarus
  • Figure 4-2: Power Sector Management Structure in Uzbekistan
  • Figure 5-1: Ten electric power companies in Japan by service area
  • Figure 5-2: National Trunk Lines in Japan
  • Figure 5-3: The New Electricity Supply System in Japan
  • Figure 5-4: National grid in Korea
  • Figure 5-5: Structure of the electricity market in Korea
  • Figure 5-6: Comprehensive power industry structure in Taiwan
  • Figure 6-1: PLN's installed generation capacity in Indonesia, MW
  • Figure 6-2: Schematic Diagram of NEMS (Showing Financial Flows)
  • Figure 7-1: Transmission network in Sri Lanka
  • Figure 9-1: Annual net power flows among regions in North America, 2010, million MWh
  • Figure 9-2: Interconnected electricity grid between Canada and the USA
  • Figure 9-3: Status of market restructuring in Canada, 2009
  • Figure 9-4: ESI characteristics in the United States
  • Figure 9-5: State of electricity restructuring in the US as of September 2010
  • Figure 10-1: Countries in Latin America with power markets
  • Figure 10-2: Structure of Pampa Energia
  • Figure 10-3: Structure of the Wholesale Electricity Market (WEM) in Argentina
  • Figure 10-4: Changes Made to the Brazilian Electric Power System
  • Figure 10-5: Electric grid in Jamaica
  • Figure 11-1: GCCIA
  • Figure 11-2: Structure of the ESI in Jordan
  • Figure 11-3: Electricity & Related Water Sector Ownership in Oman
  • Figure 12-1: Power pools and interconnections in Africa
  • Figure 12-2: The structure of Uganda's electricity sector
  • Figure 12-3: North Western connections in the South African Power Pool (SAPP)
  • Figure 12-4: North Eastern connections in the South African Power Pool (SAPP)
  • Figure 12-5: Southern connections in the South African Power Pool (SAPP)
  • Figure 12-6: SAPP Grid
  • Figure 12-7: South Africa's power map
  • Figure 12-8: Structure of the electricity supply industry (ESI) in Namibia
  • Figure 12-9: REDs in Namibia
  • Figure 12-10: Transmission network in Namibia

Table of Tables

  • Table 1-1: World Survey of Privatisation and Deregulation, October 2007 and updates
  • Table 2-1: ESI characteristics in Austria
  • Table 2-2: ESI characteristics in Belgium
  • Table 2-3: ESI characteristics in France
  • Table 2-4: ESI characteristics in Germany
  • Table 2-5: ESI characteristics in Greece
  • Table 2-6: ESI characteristics in Ireland
  • Table 2-7: Progress of retail market opening
  • Table 2-8: ESI characteristics in Italy
  • Table 2-9: ESI characteristics in Luxembourg
  • Table 2-10: ESI characteristics in Netherlands
  • Table 2-11: ESI characteristics in Portugal
  • Table 2-12: ESI characteristics in Spain
  • Table 2-13: ESI characteristics in Switzerland
  • Table 2-14: ESI characteristics in the United Kingdom
  • Table 2-15: ESI characteristics in Denmark
  • Table 2-16: ESI characteristics in Finland
  • Table 2-17: ESI characteristics in Iceland
  • Table 2-18: ESI characteristics in Norway
  • Table 2-19: ESI characteristics in Sweden
  • Table 2-20: History of Nordpool
  • Table 2-21: ESI characteristics in Czech Republic
  • Table 2-22: ESI characteristics in Hungary
  • Table 2-23: ESI characteristics in Poland
  • Table 2-24: ESI characteristics in Slovakia
  • Table 2-25: ESI characteristics in Slovenia
  • Table 2-26: ESI characteristics in Estonia
  • Table 2-27: ESI characteristics in Latvia
  • Table 2-28: ESI characteristics in Lithuania
  • Table 2-29: ESI characteristics in Albania
  • Table 2-30: ESI characteristics in Bosnia Herzegovina
  • Table 2-31: ESI characteristics in Bulgaria
  • Table 2-32: ESI characteristics in Croatia
  • Table 2-33: ESI characteristics in Croatia
  • Table 2-34: ESI characteristics in Macedonia
  • Table 2-35: ESI characteristics in Romania
  • Table 2-36: ESI characteristics in Serbia Montenegro
  • Table 2-37: ESI characteristics in Turkey
  • Table 2-38: ESI characteristics in UNMIK Kosovo
  • Table 2-39: ESI characteristics in Cyprus
  • Table 2-40: ESI characteristics in Malta
  • Table 4-1: ESI characteristics in Armenia
  • Table 4-2: ESI characteristics in Azerbaijan
  • Table 4-3: ESI characteristics in Belarus
  • Table 4-4: ESI characteristics in Georgia
  • Table 4-5: ESI characteristics in Kazakhstan
  • Table 4-6: ESI characteristics in Kyrgyzstan
  • Table 4-7: ESI characteristics in Moldova
  • Table 4-8: ESI characteristics in Russia
  • Table 4-9: Output of the ten largest energos, RAO UESR Federal Plants and Nuclear (2003)
  • Table 4-10: ESI characteristics in Tajikstan
  • Table 4-11: ESI characteristics in Turkmenistan
  • Table 4-12: Electricity generation companies in Ukraine
  • Table 4-13: Electricity distribution companies in Ukraine
  • Table 4-14: ESI characteristics in Ukraine
  • Table 4-15: ESI characteristics in Uzbekistan
  • Table 5-1: ESI characteristics in Japan
  • Table 5-2: ESI characteristics in South Korea
  • Table 5-3: ESI characteristics in Mongolia
  • Table 5-4: ESI characteristics in Taiwan
  • Table 5-5: ESI characteristics in China
  • Table 6-1: Ownership of the electricity industry in ASEAN, Government and Private
  • Table 6-2: ESI characteristics in Indonesia
  • Table 6-3: ESI characteristics in Malaysia
  • Table 6-4: ESI characteristics in the Philippines
  • Table 6-5: ESI characteristics in Thailand
  • Table 6-6: ESI characteristics in Vietnam
  • Table 7-1: ESI characteristics in India
  • Table 7-2: ESI characteristics in Pakistan
  • Table 8-1: ESI characteristics in Australia
  • Table 8-2: Australian National Electricity Market at a glance
  • Table 8-3: ESI characteristics in New Zealand
  • Table 9-1: ESI characteristics in Canada
  • Table 10-1: Private sector share %
  • Table 10-2: ESI characteristics in Argentina
  • Table 10-3: ESI characteristics in Bolivia
  • Table 10-4: ESI characteristics in Brazil
  • Table 10-5: ESI characteristics in Chile
  • Table 10-6: ESI characteristics in Columbia
  • Table 10-7: ESI characteristics in Ecuador
  • Table 10-8: ESI characteristics in Peru
  • Table 10-9: ESI characteristics in Uruguay
  • Table 10-10: ESI characteristics in Venezuela
  • Table 10-11: ESI characteristics in Mexico
  • Table 10-12: ESI characteristics in Costa Rica
  • Table 10-13: ESI characteristics in El Salvador
  • Table 10-14: ESI characteristics in Guatemala
  • Table 10-15: ESI characteristics in Honduras
  • Table 10-16: ESI characteristics in Nicaragua
  • Table 10-17: ESI characteristics in Panama
  • Table 10-18: ESI characteristics in The Dominican Republic
  • Table 11-1: ESI characteristics in Iran
  • Table 11-2: ESI characteristics in Saudi Arabia
  • Table 12-1: ESI characteristics in Algeria
  • Table 12-2: ESI characteristics in Egypt
  • Table 12-3: ESI characteristics in Morocco
  • Table 12-4: ESI characteristics of South Africa
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