市場調査レポート

世界のエネルギー効率化市場:2012年第1版

NRG Expert Energy Efficiency - The New Fuel Report Ed 1 2012

発行 NRG Expert 商品コード 233246
出版日 ページ情報 英文 211 Pages
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世界のエネルギー効率化市場:2012年第1版 NRG Expert Energy Efficiency - The New Fuel Report Ed 1 2012
出版日: 2012年03月01日 ページ情報: 英文 211 Pages
概要

世界の多くの国々では、今後、発電容量の抑制が予測されており、電気供給の増加および需要の削減が注目されています。電気需要を削減する最も簡単な方法は、エネルギーを効率化することです。

当レポートは、世界のエネルギー効率化市場について調査分析し、世界各国における工業、輸送および住宅/商用市場のエネルギー効率化政策およびインセンティブ、市場背景、市場阻害因子、製品、市場予測などを取り上げ、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 背景

  • マーケット・バスケット式アプローチ
  • 包括的アプローチ
  • 因子分解的アプローチ
  • ディヴィジア指数アプローチ
  • ベストプラクティスアプローチ

第3章 市場

  • 発電
  • 工業
  • 輸送

第4章 障害

第5章 製品

  • 発電
  • 輸送市場
  • 商用、住宅用および工業用市場
    • 自動モニタリング・ターゲティング(AM&T)
    • ボイラー制御
    • ビル管理システム(BMS)
    • 需要反応管理(需要管理)
    • HVAC(暖房、換気および空調)制御
    • 断熱
    • 照明
    • 位相制御式調光
    • 占有制御式照明
    • リモートエネルギー制御
    • 可変速装置(VSD)
    • 電圧最適化
    • 乾燥器
    • 冷暖房
    • 窓・ガラス
  • その他
  • データセンター
  • 多角的なエネルギー効率的製品を持つ多国籍企業
  • 既存製品のエネルギー効率化モデル

第6章 財務

第7章 政府インセンティブ

第8章 市場

第9章 北米における政策・現況

第10章 欧州における政策・現況

第11章 アジアにおける政策・現況

第12章 南米における政策・現況

第13章 アフリカにおける政策・現況

第14章 エネルギー監査

第15章 予測

第16章 ソース

図表

目次
Product Code: NRGEE1

Abstract

Market Intelligence

With electric generation capacity expected to be constrained in many countries worldwide in the foreseeable future, efforts have been focused on increasing electricity supply and reducing demand. One of the lowest hanging fruits in reducing electricity demand, i.e. the lowest cost, highest benefit ratio, is energy efficiency. Often energy efficient measures and devices will be more cost-effective than the construction of new generation capacity in order to meet demand for electricity. The same principle applies to fuels for energy generation. Where projected rising prices, especially for oil, make energy efficient cars with a low fuel consumption compared to conventional vehicles considerably more attractive for consumers.

Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Energy efficiency is also expected to be the main mechanism for reducing carbon dioxide emissions worldwide, especially emissions per capita. On a larger scale, energy efficiency will help countries achieve their emission reduction targets under agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol. Companies can also use energy efficiency to meet their targets under schemes such as the UK's Carbon Reduc-tion Commitment (CRC).

Definition for Energy Efficiency

Unfortunately, no one definitive definition for energy efficiency exists. A reduction in consumption by behavioural change is considered as categorised as energy efficient by some and not by others. Although, energy efficiency experts refer to improving energy efficiency as the result of an action that 'aims at reducing the amount of energy used for a given service e.g. lighting, heating, by the purchase of efficient equipment, retrofitting investment to reduce the consumption of existing buildings and facilities, or avoiding unnecessary consumption of energy'.

Waste Heat Recovery

One area that has attracted a lot of attention is the use of waste heat recovery in the power genera-tion sector, and also the industrial sector. Companies involved in waste heat recovery have attracted significant investor capital. Other areas covered in this report include micro-hybrids in the transporta-tion sector; and automated controls and energy efficient devices such as lighting in the residential and commercial sectors. Our report covers the following areas of energy efficiency and companies involved in these areas, along with other areas of energy efficiency relevant to the sectors: waste heat recovery, micro-hybrids, Automated Monitoring and Targeting (AM&T), boiler controls, Building Management Systems (BMS), Data Centres, Demand Response Management (Demand Manage-ment), Heating & Cooling, HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) Controls, Insulation, Lighting, Lighting Daylight Phasing Control & Occupancy Control, Variable Speed Devices (VSD), Voltage Power Optimisation and Windows & Glass.

The Players in the Global Market

Along with small start-ups, the energy efficiency sector is also covered by major players such as Siemens, Panasonic and Honeywell. Many of the big players develop technology in-house; others acquire the technology from start-up companies. Our report covers both key start-ups and key players in the sector.

How can NRG Expert Help?

  • NRG Expert's Energy Efficiency-The New Fuel Report, Edition 1, 2012 is a study of:
  • The policies and incentives for energy efficiency for the power generation, the industrial sec-tor, transportation and the residential or commercial sectors for countries worldwide.
  • The report enables the reader to identify the major consumers of energy.
  • They include in descending order, energy for power generation, the industrial sector, trans-portation and the residential or commercial sector.
  • Therefore, efforts at reducing energy consumption have focused heavily on these sectors, and high energy consuming processes, products and so on.
  • Uptake of the implementation of some energy efficiency devices has been rather slow where significant barriers exist, such as high upfront costs etc.
  • In many countries, the uptake of energy efficiency is incentivised. For example, in Canada homeowners are offered grants for energy efficiency improvements under the ecoENERGY Retrofit scheme.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Background

  • Market basket approach
  • Comprehensive approach
  • Factorial decomposition approach
  • Divisia Index approach
  • Best practice approach

3. Sectors

  • Power generation
  • Industrial
  • Transportation

4. Barriers

5. Products

  • Power generation
  • Transportation sector
  • Commercial, residential and industrial sectors
    • Automated monitoring and targeting (AM&T)
    • Boiler controls
    • Building management systems (BMS)
    • Demand response management (demand management)
    • HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) controls
    • Insulation
    • Lighting
    • Lighting daylight phasing control
    • Lighting occupancy control
    • Remote energy controls
    • Variable speed devices (VSD)
    • Voltage power optimisation
    • Dryers
    • Heating and cooling
    • Windows and glass
  • Other
  • Data centres
  • Multinational companies with multiple energy efficiency products
  • Energy efficient models of conventional products

6. Financials

7. Government incentives

8. Markets

9. North America policies and status

  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • United States

10. Europe policies and status

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom

11. Asia and Middle East policies and status

  • Australia
  • China
  • India
  • Israel
  • Indonesia
  • Japan
  • Lebanon
  • New Zealand
  • South Korea
  • Sri Lanka
  • Syria
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam

12. South America policies and status

  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • Uruguay

13. Africa policies and status

  • Algeria
  • Egypt
  • Ethiopia
  • Ghana
  • Nigeria
  • Mozambique
  • South Africa
  • Yemen

14. Energy audits

15. Projections

16. Sources

Tables

  • Table 2.1: Top ten and bottom ten countries in terms of energy intensity, 2008
  • Table 2.2: Primary energy demand by region in the IEA's World Energy Outlook reference scenario, Mtoe
  • Table 3.1: Economics of electricity
  • Table 3.2: CHP technologies and markets
  • Table 3.3: Type of manufacturing industry group
  • Table 3.4: Regulations on fuel economy and CO2 emissions in the US and EU
  • Table 3.5: Key differences between PHEVs and BEVs
  • Table 3.6: Breakdown of energy savings projects installed at the Frimley Park Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
  • Table 4.1: Examples of options for financing energy efficiency equipment
  • Table 5.1: Ormat's recovered energy generation projects
  • Table 5.2: Electricity consumption and potential electrical energy savings in the UK service sector
  • Table 5.3: Comparison of Lemnis Pharox bulbs to existing light bulbs
  • Table 5.4: Comparison of Lumiette's XCELLUME"! with compact fluorescent lighting
  • Table 5.5: Comparison of Lumiette's XCELLUME"! with incandescent lighting
  • Table 5.6: Coolerado air conditioning products
  • Table 5.7: GE's energy efficient products
  • Table 7.1: Energy savings targets in European countries
  • Table 7.2: Energy savings targets in non-European countries
  • Table 7.3: Subsidies (S) or soft loan (SL) by energy efficiency equipment
  • Table 7.4: Subsidies (S) or soft loans (SL) by sector
  • Table 9.1: US tax credits for energy efficient products
  • Table 9.2: US rules, regulations and policies for energy efficiency
  • Table 9.3: US financial incentives for energy efficiency
  • Table 11.1: Selected 11th five year plan energy efficiency targets
  • Table 11.2: Key policies and initiatives implemented since 2004
  • Table 14.1: Countries with mandatory energy audits, managers, consumption reporting and energy savings plans
  • Table 14.2: Energy audits and subsidies in Europe and the rest of the world

Figures

  • Figure 2.1: Energy productivity decomposes into multiple components
  • Figure 2.2: Worldwide energy intensity using market exchange rates, Btu, per USD GDP (2005), 1980 to 2008
  • Figure 2.3: Worldwide primary energy consumption, Quadrillion Btu, 1980 to 2008
  • Figure 2.4: Energy intensity by region using market exchange rates, Btu, per USD GDP (2005), 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2008
  • Figure 2.5: Percentage contribution of services, industry and agriculture to the country's GDP in low-income, middle-income and high-income countries, 1970 to 2001.
  • Figure 2.6: Primary energy consumption by region, Quadrillion Btu, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2008
  • Figure 2.7: Energy intensity by region using market exchange rates, Btu, per USD GDP (2005), 1980 to 2008
  • Figure 2.8: Total primary energy consumption of the top ten consuming countries, 1980 to 2008, quadrillion Btu
  • Figure 2.9: Energy intensity of the top five energy consuming countries using market exchange rates, Btu, per USD GDP (2005), 1980 to 2008
  • Figure 2.10: Energy intensity of the top six to ten energy consuming countries as of 2008 using market exchange rates, Btu, per USD GDP (2005), 1980 to 2008
  • Figure 2.11: World primary energy demand by fuel in the IEA's reference scenario
  • Figure 2.12: Actual and projected energy productivity by region, Billion USD GDP per Quadrillion Btu, 1980 to 2020
  • Figure 2.13: Forecast of delivered energy demand growth, 2003 to 2020
  • Figure 2.14: Global CO2 emissions from the consumption of energy, million tonnes, 1980 to 2009
  • Figure 2.15: World energy-related CO2 emissions for the IEA's World Energy Outlook 2008 and 2009 scenarios
  • Figure 2.16: CO2 emissions from the consumption of energy in the top five emitting countries, 1980 to 2009, million tonnes
  • Figure 2.17: CO2 emissions from the consumption of energy by region, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2009, million tonnes
  • Figure 2.18: Carbon intensity from the consumption of energy by region, tonnes of CO2 per thousand USD GDP (2005 USD), 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2009
  • Figure 2.19: Carbon intensity from the consumption of energy for the top five CO2 emitting countries, tonnes of CO2 per thousand USD GDP (2005 USD), 1980 to 2009
  • Figure 2.20: Global carbon intensity from the consumption of energy, tonnes of CO2 per thousand USD GDP (2005 USD), 1980 to 2009
  • Figure 2.21: Global carbon emissions per capita, tonnes CO2 per capita, 1980 to 2009
  • Figure 2.22: Global carbon emissions per capita, tonnes CO2 per capita, 1980 to 2009
  • Figure 2.23: Carbon emissions per capita for the top five carbon emitters, tonnes CO2 per capita, 1980 to 2009
  • Figure 2.24: Per-capita energy-related CO2 emissions in the IEA's World Energy Outlook reference scenario
  • Figure 2.25: Change in economic productivity of electricity use: California vs. other 49 states
  • Figure 2.26: Change in per capita electricity use: California vs. other 49 states
  • Figure 2.27: Cost Comparison of energy efficiency and electricity investments, average USD cents per kWh
  • Figure 2.28: Responses to the question 'How significant are the following in your organisation's energy efficiency decisions?'
  • Figure 2.29: Responses to the question 'Which of the following energy efficiency measures has your company/organisation adopted in the last 12 months?'
  • Figure 2.30: Findings for US major survey on most promising and already deployed technologies reducing energy use and carbon emissions, % cities
  • Figure 3.1: Projected increase in energy demand by sector, quadrillion btu, 2005 and 2030
  • Figure 3.2: Projected world final energy consumption by fuel and sector in the IEA's reference scenario
  • Figure 3.3: Global electricity generation based on gross output, TWh, 1990 to 2010
  • Figure 3.4: Natural gas prices, USD per million Btu, 1984 to 2010
  • Figure 3.5: Coal prices, USD per tonne, 1987 to 2010
  • Figure 3.6: Gross output in the top five generating countries and the rest of world, TWh, 1990 to 2010
  • Figure 3.7: Breakdown of energy use by individual energy users in the industrial sector
  • Figure 3.8: Average industrial electricity prices in the European Union, EUR per kWh, 2005 to 2007
  • Figure 3.9: Average industrial gas prices in the European Union, EUR per Gigajoule, 2005 to 2007
  • Figure 3.10: Energy consumption by industrial sector, quadrillion btu, 2005 and 2030
  • Figure 3.11: Industry energy-related CO2 emissions by sub-sector in the IEA's World Energy Outlook reference scenario
  • Figure 3.12: Crude oil spot prices, USD per barrel, 1972 to 2010
  • Figure 3.13: Energy efficiency improvements in the transportation sector
  • Figure 3.14: Comparison of different electric power train configurations
  • Figure 3.15: Projected personal versus commercial energy consumption by the transportation, million oil equivalent barrels per day, 2005 and 2030
  • Figure 3.16: Projected vehicle penetration in China, OECD Europe and the United States, million, 2005 and 2030
  • Figure 3.17: Passenger light-duty vehicle fleet and ownership rates in key regions in the IEA reference scenario
  • Figure 3.18: Average CO2 intensity of new light-duty vehicles by region in the IEA reference scenario
  • Figure 3.19: Breakdown of energy use by individual energy users in the commercial sector
  • Figure 3.20: Breakdown of energy use by individual energy users in the residential sector
  • Figure 3.21: Average residential electricity prices in the European Union, EUR per kWh, 2005 to 2007
  • Figure 3.22: Average domestic electricity prices in the European Union, EUR per Gigajoule, 2005 to 2007
  • Figure 3.23: End use electricity prices for households, USD per kWh, 2001 to 2009
  • Figure 3.24: US building energy end use splits, % of total end use, 2010 and 2020
  • Figure 3.25: Break down of cost sources for the average US electricity bill
  • Figure 3.26: US energy-efficiency supply curve to 2020
  • Figure 3.27: Portfolio representing cost, experience and potential of clusters possible with specified solution strategies
  • Figure 3.28: Residential energy use for OECD and non-OECD countries, million btus per household, 2005 and 2030
  • Figure 4.1: Energy services agreement
  • Figure 5.1: Typical conventional central generation power plant
  • Figure 5.2: Typical co-generation 'combined heat and power' plant
  • Figure 5.3: Echogen Power Systems' ScCO2 Power Generating Cycle 200kWe - 300kWe (net) Heat Engine System
  • Figure 5.4: Organic Rankine Cycle
  • Figure 5.5: Waste heat recovery
  • Figure 5.6: Ecomotors' opposition-piston opposed-cylinder engine
  • Figure 5.7: Illustrative cost/benefit to implement hybridisation technologies
  • Figure 5.8: XL Hybrid technology
  • Figure 5.9: Energy harvesting wireless sensor solution from EnOcean
  • Figure 5.10: Energy harvesting wireless sensor network
  • Figure 5.11: PassivSystems products
  • Figure 5.12: eMonitorTM c-Series system
  • Figure 5.13: BuildingIQ in action
  • Figure 5.14: Cost savings and CO2 savings for different energy efficient and renewable technologies
  • Figure 5.15: Average project payback time for different energy efficient building products in years
  • Figure 5.16: SD250 model
  • Figure 5.17: SD10 model
  • Figure 5.18: S1 model
  • Figure 5.19: EcoFit module
  • Figure 5.20: Encelium Energy Control System"! (ECS"!)
  • Figure 5.21: Redwood Systems lighting platform
  • Figure 5.22: Tenrehte Technologies' PICOwattR device
  • Figure 5.23: Modlet
  • Figure 5.24: Calmac's ICEBANKR
  • Figure 5.25: How the Coolerado works
  • Figure 5.26: Ice Bear system
  • Figure 5.27: Snapshot of the GridConnect dashboard
  • Figure 6.1: Global total new investment in clean energy, USD billion, 2005 to 2010
  • Figure 6.2: Investment by country in the G-20, USD billion, 2010
  • Figure 6.3: Investment by country and sector, USD billion, 2010
  • Figure 7.1: Total stimulus funding to date by technology, USD billion, 2010
  • Figure 7.2: Global stimulus funding and spending on clean energy, USD billion, 2009 to 2013
  • Figure 7.3: Clean stimulus funds spent and remaining at the end of 2010, USD billion
  • Figure 8.1: Percentage of companies in the Siemens' survey that confirm that over half of business equipment is energy efficient
  • Figure 8.2: Percentage of companies in Siemens survey delaying further investment in energy efficient equipment on funding grounds
  • Figure 9.1: State energy budgets for alternative energy as of March 2011, % and USD million
  • Figure 9.2: Breakdown of funding for clean energy through the State Energy Program (SEP) by census region, USD million
  • Figure 9.3: State Energy Program (SEP) funding for energy efficiency in building by sector, USD million
  • Figure 9.4: Energy savings and vehicle greenhouse gas emissions avoided through the US ENERGY STAR programme
  • Figure 9.5: Energy efficiency resources standards in the US, March 2011
  • Figure 9.6: Utility customer funded budgets for energy efficiency projects in 2010 and estimated for 2020
  • Figure 9.7: Historical and projected energy use and CO2 per unit GDP and energy use per capita in the US, 1980 to 2035
  • Figure 11.1: Zone and building codes in China
  • Figure 11.2: Growth of green buildings in India, 2002 to 2009
  • Figure 15.1: Global energy use per GDP, actual and Exxon projection, million Btu per thousand USD of GDP (2005 USD)
  • Figure 15.2: Projected energy demand until 2030 for a 1.2% efficiency gains scenario and no efficiency gains scenario, quadrillion btu
  • Figure 15.3: Abatement measures anticipated to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the 450 scenario level by 2030, Gt, 2007 to 2030
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