市場調査レポート

世界の天然ガス市場:2012年第1版

NRG Expert Global Natural Gas Report Ed 1 2012

発行 NRG Expert 商品コード 232063
出版日 ページ情報 英文 617 Pages
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世界の天然ガス市場:2012年第1版 NRG Expert Global Natural Gas Report Ed 1 2012
出版日: 2012年02月23日 ページ情報: 英文 617 Pages
概要

炭素排出量削減目標および安価なガス価格は、発電および輸送の燃料として天然ガスをより魅力的なものとしました。従来天然ガスは、石油産業から発生する廃棄物として扱われていました。現在天然ガスはよりきれいな発電用燃料として石炭に代わる実行可能な代替物であり、一部の輸送部門では石油よりも安い燃料として扱われています。さらに、液体天然ガス(NGL)は、石油化学製品の生産において、ますます石油製品に置き換わりつつあります。

当レポートでは、世界の天然ガス市場を取り上げ、天然ガスの価格、供給および市場における将来の方向性、天然ガスおよびNGLの非在来型用途の可能性に関する分析、各国における天然ガス市場の概要、主要な独立および国営天然ガス企業に関する詳細な分析、ならびに輸送用天然ガスの形態および天然ガスの埋蔵量を概括するなど、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

第1章 サマリー

第2章 埋蔵量

  • 石油・ガス埋蔵量の定義
  • 決定論的および確率論的な埋蔵量の推定値
  • 確定埋蔵量
  • 確定未開発埋蔵量
  • 未確定埋蔵量
  • 未確定推定埋蔵量
  • 未確定予想埋蔵量
  • 異なる埋蔵量算定手法の比較
  • 埋蔵量を評価する計算方法
    • 容積法
    • 減退曲線法
    • 埋蔵量に影響を及ぼす外部要因

第3章 供給と需要

  • ガス輸出国のフォーラム

第4章 非在来型天然ガス

第5章 輸入および輸出

第6章 パイプラインおよびパイプ化されたガス

  • 北米
  • 中南米
  • 欧州
  • CIS
  • アフリカ
  • アジア太平洋
  • 中東

第7章 液化天然ガス(LNG)

第8章 圧縮天然ガス(CNG)および輸送

第9章 液体天然ガス(NGL)

第10章 天然ガス-液化(GTL)

第11章 天然ガスの優位性

第12章 天然ガスの価格

第13章 長期需要

第14章 国

  • 北米
  • 欧州およびユーラシア
  • 欧州
  • CIS諸国
  • 中東
  • 中南米
  • アジア太平洋
  • アフリカ
  • 北アフリカ
  • サハラ以南のアフリカ

第15章 企業

  • メジャー4社
  • スーパーメジャー(6社)
  • その他の大手天然ガス生産企業
  • 主要な国営、石油・ガス企業2社
  • その他の国営企業
  • 主要輸入国における主要企業
  • CNOOC
  • Kogas
  • エルエヌジージャパン
  • Sinopec

第16章 情報源

図表

目次
Product Code: NRGNR1

Carbon reduction commitments and low gas prices have made natural gas more attractive as a fuel for power generation and transportation. Traditionally natural gas was flared as a waste product of the oil industry. Now natural gas is a viable alternative to coal as a cleaner fuel for power generation and cheaper fuel than oil for transportation in some sectors. Furthermore, natural gas liquids (NGLs) are increasingly replacing products from oil in the production of petrochemicals, especially ethane for naphtha.

Supplies

Supplies of natural gas are not constrained due to the glut of shale gas in the North American market. The cost of producing shale gas has been declining due to advances in hydraulic fracking that have bought down costs. However, low gas prices have made some fields less profitable. While global natural gas prices are projected to rise, some regional variation will exist. Therefore, natural gas producers have been looking for alternative sources of revenue as well as sales of natural gas for electricity and heat generation.

Transportation

Transportation fuel substitutes such as a drop-in fuel and compressed natural gas (CNG) are being used commercially. The drop-in fuel being produced by Sasol and Shell is a diesel substitute and thus restricted to diesel cars. CNG is also mainly used by vehicles that don't travel long distances such as public buses or on predictable routes such as trucks.

Petrochemicals

The use of natural gas liquids (NGLs) for petrochemical production has grown in major natural gas producing markets such as the US and the Middle East, especially Qatar. As NGL prices are relatively high, but comparatively lower than oil, it is a viable alternative to oil. In the US, chemical companies have announced plans to locate plants close to shale gas fields or natural gas pipelines.

Markets

Traditionally the natural gas market has been regional, and to a large extent still is, with most natural gas transported via pipelines and sold via long-term oil-linked contracts. As newer markets have been created for natural gas and demand has grown in geographically isolated countries the market for liquefied natural gas (LNG) has grown considerably in order to transport natural gas over longer distances. A more international market has been developing.

Additional LNG trade routes are expected in the mid-to-long term as Canada and the US become net exporters of LNG gas. Other countries such as Australia are expected to become major exporters, with others losing their market share. Likewise net importing countries may increase domestic produc-tion of unconventional natural gas, reducing their import demand.

Bottlenecks

The biggest constraint to the market is expected to be a shortage of LNG liquefaction capacity.

How can NRG Expert Help?

NRG Expert's ‘Global Natural Gas Report Edition 1 - 2012’ is a study of the global Natural Gas Market and its future development:

  • Natural gas prices, supply and future directions for the market
  • Potential of unconventional uses of natural gas and NGLs
  • Coverage of the natural gas markets at the country-level
  • An in-depth analysis of the major independent and state-controlled natural gas players
  • Plus much more including forms of natural gas for transportation and natural gas reserves

Table of Contents

1. Summary

2. Reserves

  • Definitions of oil and gas reserves
  • Deterministic and probabilistic estimation of reserves
  • Proved reserves
  • Proved, proved undeveloped reserves
  • Unproved reserves
  • Unproved probable reserves
  • Unproved possible reserves
  • Comparison of different methods of calculating reserves
  • Calculations to determine reserve values
    • The volumetric method
    • Decline curve analysis
    • External factors affecting reserves

3. Supply and demand

  • Gas Exporting Countries Forum

4. Unconventional natural gas

5. Imports and exports

6. Pipelines and piped gas

  • North America
    • Denali pipeline
  • South and Central America
  • Europe
    • Southern Corridor
    • Nabucco
    • White Stream
    • Gazprom pipelines
  • CIS
  • Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • Middle East

7. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

8. Compressed natural gas (CNG) and transportation

9. Natural gas liquids (NGLs)

10. Natural Gas-to-Liquid (NGL)

11. Natural gas advantages

12. Natural gas prices

13. Long-term demand

14. Countries

  • North America
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • USA
  • Europe and Eurasia
  • Europe
    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • Luxembourg
    • Bulgaria
    • Croatia
    • Czech Republic
    • Denmark
    • Estonia
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Greece
    • Hungary
    • Ireland
    • Italy
    • Latvia
    • Lithuania
    • Macedonia
    • Netherlands
    • Norway
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Romania
    • Serbia
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • Switzerland
    • Turkey
    • United Kingdom
  • CIS countries
    • Armenia
    • Azerbaijan
    • Belarus
    • Bosnia & Herzegovina
    • Georgia
    • Kazakhstan
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Moldova
    • Russia
    • Tajikistan
    • Turkmenistan
    • Ukraine
    • Uzbekistan
  • Middle East
    • Bahrain
    • Iran
    • Iraq
    • Israel
    • Jordan
    • Kuwait
    • Lebanon
    • Oman
    • Qatar
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Syria
    • United Arab Emirates (UAE)
    • Yemen
  • South & Central America
    • Argentina
    • Bolivia
    • Brazil
    • Chile
    • Colombia
    • Dominican Republic
    • Ecuador
    • Peru
    • Puerto Rico
    • Trinidad & Tobago
    • Uruguay
    • Venezuela
  • Asia Pacific
    • Australia
    • Bangladesh
    • Brunei
    • China
    • East Timor
    • Hong Kong
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Japan
    • Malaysia
    • Myanmar
    • New Zealand
    • Pakistan
    • Papua New Guinea
    • Philippines
    • Singapore
    • South Korea
    • Taiwan
    • Thailand
    • Vietnam
  • Africa
  • North Africa
    • Algeria
    • Egypt
    • Libya
    • Morocco
    • Tunisia
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Equatorial New Guinea
    • Ghana
    • Mozambique
    • Namibia
    • Nigeria
    • South Africa

15. Companies

  • Four majors
  • Supermajors
    • BP
    • Chevron
    • ConocoPhillips
    • ExxonMobil
    • Shell
    • Total
  • Other significant natural gas producing companies
    • Anadarko Petroleum Corporation
    • Apache Energy
    • BG Group
    • Chesapeake Energy
    • Devon Energy
    • Eni
    • EOG Resources
    • Occidental Petroleum
    • Sasol
    • Statoil
    • Williams
  • Two main state controlled, national oil and gas companies
    • Gazprom
    • Qatargas
  • Other state companies
    • Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC)
    • Egypt General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC)
    • Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS)
    • Iraq National Oil Company (INOC)
    • Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC)
    • National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC)
    • National Oil Corporation Libya (NOC)
    • Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)
    • PetroChina
    • Petronas
    • Petroleos de Venezuela (PVDSA)
    • Saudi Aramco
    • Sonatrach
    • Yemen Gas Company
  • Key companies in major importing countries
  • CNOOC
  • Kogas
  • LNG Japan Corporation
  • Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation)

16. Sources

Tables

  • Table 4.1: Frontier resources and unconventional oil and gas
  • Table 5.1: Cost evaluation of selected planned gas pipeline projects
  • Table 5.2: Logistic bottlenecks for natural gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG)
  • Table 7.1: LNG terminals due to be commissioned in 2011
  • Table 13.1: Benefits of increased gas use in the EU energy transition
  • Table 14.1: iGas's unconventional gas projects
  • Table 14.2: Timeline of shale gas exploration
  • Table 14.3: International co-operation involving Chinese companies in developing shale gas projects
  • Table 15.1: BP's realised natural gas prices, USD per tcf, 2008 to 2010
  • Table 15.2: BP's natural gas projects under development
  • Table 15.3: Chevron's conventional natural gas projects under development or recently commissioned
  • Table 15.4: ConocoPhillips' LNG projects
  • Table 15.5: Shell's LNG liquefaction capacity
  • Table 15.6: Shell's LNG regasification capacity
  • Table 15.7: Shell's GTL plants
  • Table 15.8: Total's natural gas projects in the pipeline
  • Table 15.9: BG Group's natural gas power generation projects
  • Table 15.10: BG Group's LNG export terminals as of August 2011
  • Table 15.11: BG Group's LNG receiving terminals as of August 2011
  • Table 15.12: BG Group's LNG core fleet as of August 2011
  • Table 15.13: BG Group's long-term natural gas supply contracts
  • Table 15.14: Chesapeake Energy's assets
  • Table 15.15: New developments Gazprom's markets in 2011
  • Table 15.16: Gazprom's natural gas pipelines commissioned, under construction or planned
  • Table 15.17: Areas that Gazprom is focussing on for sustainable growth
  • Table 15.18: Gazprom's oil, condensate and natural gas projects outside of Russia
  • Table 15.19: Qatargas' offshore projects
  • Table 15.20: Qatargas' Ras Laffan condensate refinery projects
  • Table 15.21: Q-Flex and Q-Max vessels
  • Table 15.22: Receiving terminals for LNG from Qatargas
  • Table 15.23: PetroChina's natural gas pipelines
  • Table 15.24: Saudi Aramco's natural gas plants
  • Table 15.25: Sonatrach's natural gas projects outside of Algeria
  • Table 15.26: CNOOC's production of natural gas, bcf, 1H2010 and 1H2011
  • Table 15.27: Kogas' overseas exploration and production projects

Figures

  • Figure 1.1: Natural gas market issues in 2011
  • Figure 2.1: Characterisation of petroleum initially in place reserve - resource description
  • Figure 2.2: Proven natural gas reserves, trillion cubic metres, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 2.3: Proven natural reserves by region, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 2.4: Proven natural gas reserves, trillion cubic metres (tcm), 1990, 2000 and 2010
  • Figure 2.5: R/P ratio of global natural gas reserves, years, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 3.1: Natural gas production and consumption, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 3.2: Natural gas production and consumption by region, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 3.3: Natural gas production by region, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 3.4: Natural gas consumption by region, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 3.5: Natural gas production and consumption in the US and Russia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 3.6: Top ten natural gas producing countries, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 3.7: Top ten natural gas consumers, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 3.8: Natural gas production and consumption in China and India, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 3.9: Proven natural gas reserves and their R/P value for China and India, 1990, 2000 and 2010
  • Figure 4.1: Geology of natural gas resources
  • Figure 4.2: Unconventional natural gas resources, tcm
  • Figure 4.3: Global unconventional natural gas activity
  • Figure 5.1: Top ten countries by exports, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 5.2: Top ten countries by imports, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 5.3: Capital cost for a 5 bcm per year LNG and CNG facilities, USD million
  • Figure 5.4: Projected international trade of natural gas via pipelines and LNG in 2020
  • Figure 6.1: Imports of natural gas via pipelines in North America by country, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 6.2: Imports of natural gas via pipelines in selected Central and South America countries, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 6.3: Imports of natural gas via pipelines in Europe by country, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 6.4: European gas pipelines
  • Figure 6.5: Existing, planned and proposed pipelines in Europe and Eurasia
  • Figure 6.6: Nabucco pipeline
  • Figure 6.7: Connections to the Nabucco pipeline
  • Figure 6.8: Nord Stream pipeline
  • Figure 6.9: South Stream pipeline
  • Figure 6.10: Imports of natural gas via pipelines in the CIS region by country, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 6.11: Imports of natural gas via pipelines in Africa by country, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 6.12: Proposed Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline
  • Figure 6.13: Imports of natural gas via pipelines in the Asia Pacific region by country, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 6.14: Imports of natural gas via pipelines in the Middle East by country, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 7.1: LNG supply chain
  • Figure 7.2: The transition of LNG technology
  • Figure 7.3: Market share LNG importing countries, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 7.4: Market share LNG exporting countries, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 7.5: Imports of LNG in Asia Pacific, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 7.6: Imports of LNG in Europe, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 7.7: Imports of LNG in the Americas, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 7.8: Imports of LNG in the Middle East, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 7.9: LNG demand by region, bcm, 2009 to 2020
  • Figure 7.10: Regasification projects under construction and likely to be commissioned, million tonnes, 2011 to 2015
  • Figure 7.11: Liquefaction capacity in Australia, million tonnes, 2007 to 2020
  • Figure 7.12: LNG supply capacity and projected LNG demand, bcm, 2010 to 2020
  • Figure 7.13: Long-term contracted LNG supply versus future LNG demand in the Atlantic Basin, bcm, 2010, 2015 and 2020
  • Figure 7.14: Long-term contracted LNG supply versus future LNG demand in Asia, bcm, 2010, 2015 and 2020
  • Figure 7.15: LNG production needed to meet demand and committed LNG, bcm, 2009 to 2016
  • Figure 9.1: Value chain from feedstock to chemical building blocks
  • Figure 9.2: Potential products of natural gas
  • Figure 9.3: Projected world supply of crude oil and NGL for a business-as-usual scenario, million barrels per day, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 9.4: Projected OPEC and non-OPEC supply of NGL for a business-as-usual scenario, million barrels per day, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 10.1: Projected OPEC GTL supply for a business-as-usual scenario, million barrels per day, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 11.1: Oil, coal, natural gas and propane daily spot prices
  • Figure 11.2: Average cost for plants entering service by 2016, USD per kWh
  • Figure 12.1: Natural gas prices, USD per million Btu, 1984 to 2010
  • Figure 12.2: Historical and projected North American natural gas prices, USD per mmBtu, 1987 to 2025
  • Figure 12.3: Natural gas prices, USD per mmBtu, Jan 2009 to Oct 2012
  • Figure 12.4: Global natural gas prices, USD per mmBtu, 2000 to 2014
  • Figure 12.5: Unconventional and conventional gas production costs, USD per GJ, 2008
  • Figure 13.1: Global primary energy demand by fuel type, %, 1900 to 2010
  • Figure 13.2: Actual and projected share of primary energy by fuel type, 1970 to 2030
  • Figure 13.3: Growth rate in the production and consumption of natural gas by region in 2008 and projections for 2020 and 2050
  • Figure 13.4: Exports and imports of natural gas by region in 2008 and projections for 2020 and 2050
  • Figure 13.5: Exports and imports of natural gas by region in 2008 and projections for 2020 and 2050
  • Figure 13.6: Total's projected natural gas production by region and main inter-regional flows, 2010 and 2020
  • Figure 13.7 : Evolution of natural gas trade
  • Figure 14.1: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in North America at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.2: Natural gas reserves in North America, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.3: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in North America, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.4: Primary energy consumption by fuel at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.5: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Canada at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.6: Natural gas reserves in Canada, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.7: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Canada, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.8: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Canada, bcm
  • Figure 14.9: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Canada at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.10: Unconventional resource potential in Canada
  • Figure 14.11: West Canada Shale Basin production outlook
  • Figure 14.12: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Mexico at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.13: Natural gas reserves in Mexico, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.14: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Mexico, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.15: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Mexico, bcm
  • Figure 14.16: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Mexico at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.17: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the USA at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.18: Natural gas reserves in the US, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.19: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in the US, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.20: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in the USA, bcm
  • Figure 14.21: Non-Gulf of Mexico horizontal natural gas rigs in the US
  • Figure 14.22: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the USA at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.23: Natural gas production in the US, bcf per day, 1900 to 2030
  • Figure 14.24: Potential production rate that could be delivered by the major US shale plays up to 2030 (given 2010 drilling rates and mean resource estimates)
  • Figure 14.25: Historical and projected Henry Hub Natural Gas Prices, USD per mm Btu, Jan 2010 to Jan 2013
  • Figure 14.26: US NGL and natural gas prices, USD per mmBtu, Jan 2009 to Jul 2010
  • Figure 14.27: Shale plays in the USA
  • Figure 14.28: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Europe and Eurasia, at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.29: Natural gas reserves in Europe and Eurasia, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.30: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Europe and Eurasia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.31: European gas supply by source, 2010 and 2020
  • Figure 14.32: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Europe and Eurasia at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.33: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Austria at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.34: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Austria, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.35: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Austria at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.36: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Luxembourg, at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.37: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Belgium and Luxembourg, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.38: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Bulgaria at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.39: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Bulgaria, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.40: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Bulgaria at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.41: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Croatia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.42: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Croatia, bcm
  • Figure 14.43: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the Czech Republic at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.44: Domestic consumption of natural gas in the Czech Republic, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.45: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the Czech Republic at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.46: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Denmark at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.47: Natural gas reserves in Denmark, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.48: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Denmark, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.49: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Denmark, bcm
  • Figure 14.50: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Denmark at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.51: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Estonia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.52: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Finland at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.53: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Finland, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.54: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Finland at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.55: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.56: Domestic consumption of natural gas in France, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.57: Primary energy consumption by fuel in France at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.58: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in France, bcm
  • Figure 14.59: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Germany at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.60: Natural gas reserves in Germany, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.61: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Germany, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.62: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Germany at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.63: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Germany, bcm
  • Figure 14.64: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Greece at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.65: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Greece, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.66: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Greece at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.67: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Hungary at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.68: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Hungary, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.69: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Hungary at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.70: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Hungary, bcm
  • Figure 14.71: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Ireland at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.72: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Ireland, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.73: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Ireland at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.74: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Italy at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.75: Natural gas reserves in Italy, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.76: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Italy, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.77: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Italy at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.78: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Latvia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.79: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Lithuania at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.80: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Lithuania, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.81: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Lithuania at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.82: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Macedonia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.83: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Macedonia at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.84: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the Netherlands at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.85: Natural gas reserves in the Netherlands, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.86: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in the Netherlands, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.87: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the Netherlands at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.88: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Norway at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.89: Natural gas reserves in Norway, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.90: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Norway, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.91: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Norway, bcm
  • Figure 14.92: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Poland at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.93: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Poland at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.94: Natural gas reserves in Poland, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.95: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Poland, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.96: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Poland at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.97: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Poland, bcm
  • Figure 14.98: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Portugal at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.99: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Portugal, bcm, 1997 to 2010
  • Figure 14.100: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Portugal at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.101: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Romania at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.102: Natural gas reserves in Romania, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.103: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Romania, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.104: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Romania at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.105: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Romania, bcm
  • Figure 14.106: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Serbia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.107: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Serbia, bcm
  • Figure 14.108: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Slovakia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.109: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Slovakia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.110: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Slovakia at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.111: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Slovenia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.112: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Spain at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.113: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Spain, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.114: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Spain at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.115: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Sweden at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.116: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Sweden, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.117: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Sweden at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.118: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Switzerland at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.119: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Switzerland, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.120: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Switzerland at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.121: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Turkey at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.122: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Turkey, bcm, 1986 to 2010
  • Figure 14.123: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Turkey at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.124: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Turkey, bcm
  • Figure 14.125: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the United Kingdom at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.126: Natural gas reserves in United Kingdom, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.127: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in the United Kingdom, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.128: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the United Kingdom at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.129: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in the United Kingdom, bcm
  • Figure 14.130: Main potential unconventional gas rock sources in the United Kingdom
  • Figure 14.131: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Armenia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.132: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Azerbaijan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.133: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Azerbaijan, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.134: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Azerbaijan, bcm
  • Figure 14.135: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Azerbaijan at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.136: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Belarus at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.137: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Belarus, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.138: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Belarus at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.139: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Bosnia & Herzegovina at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.140: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.141: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Kazakhstan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.142: Natural gas reserves in Kazakhstan, tcm, 1997 to 2010
  • Figure 14.143: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Kazakhstan, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.144: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Kazakhstan, bcm
  • Figure 14.145: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Kazakhstan at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.146: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Kyrgyzstan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.147: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Moldova at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.148: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Russia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.149: Natural gas reserves in Russia, tcm, 1997 to 2010
  • Figure 14.150: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Russia, bcm, 1985 to 2010 210
  • Figure 14.151: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Russia, bcm
  • Figure 14.152: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Russia at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.153: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Tajikistan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.154: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Turkmenistan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.155: Natural gas reserves in Turkmenistan, tcm, 1997 to 2010
  • Figure 14.156: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Turkmenistan, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.157: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Turkmenistan at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.158: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Ukraine at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.159: Natural gas reserves in the Ukraine, tcm, 1997 to 2010
  • Figure 14.160: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in the Ukraine, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.161: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the Ukraine at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.162: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Uzbekistan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.163: Natural gas reserves in Uzbekistan, tcm, 1997 to 2010
  • Figure 14.164: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Uzbekistan, bcm, 1985 to 2010
  • Figure 14.165: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Uzbekistan, bcm
  • Figure 14.166: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Uzbekistan at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.167: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the Middle East at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.168: Natural gas reserves in the Middle East, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.169: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in the Middle East, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.170: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the Middle East at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.171: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Bahrain at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.172: Natural gas reserves in Bahrain, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.173: Domestic production of natural gas in Bahrain, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.174: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Bahrain, bcm
  • Figure 14.175: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Iran at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.176: Natural gas reserves in Iran, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.177: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Iran, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.178: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Iran, bcm
  • Figure 14.179: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Iran at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.180: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Iraq at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.181: Natural gas reserves in Iraq, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.182: Domestic production of natural gas in Iraq, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.183: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Iraq, bcm
  • Figure 14.184: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Israel at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.185: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Israel, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.186: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Israel at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.187: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Israel, bcm
  • Figure 14.188: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Jordan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.189: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Kuwait at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.190: Natural gas reserves in Kuwait, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.191: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Kuwait, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.192: Primary energy consumption by fuel at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.193: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Kuwait, bcm
  • Figure 14.194: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Lebanon at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.195: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Oman at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.196: Natural gas reserves in Oman, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.197: Domestic production of natural gas in Oman, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.198: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Oman, bcm
  • Figure 14.199: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Qatar at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.200: Natural gas reserves in Qatar, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.201: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Qatar, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.202: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Qatar, bcm
  • Figure 14.203: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Qatar at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.204: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Saudi Arabia at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.205: Natural gas reserves in Saudi Arabia, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.206: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Saudi Arabia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.207: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Saudi Arabia, bcm
  • Figure 14.208: Primary energy consumption by fuel at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.209: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Syria at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.210: Natural gas reserves in Syria, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.211: Domestic production of natural gas in Syria, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.212: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Syria, bcm
  • Figure 14.213: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the UAE at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.214: Natural gas reserves in the UAE, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.215: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in the UAE, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.216: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the UAE at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.217: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in the UAE, bcm
  • Figure 14.218: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Yemen at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.219: Natural gas reserves in Yemen, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.220: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Yemen, bcm
  • Figure 14.221: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in South and Central America at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.222: Natural gas reserves in South & Central America, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.223: Primary energy consumption by fuel in South and Central America at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.224: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Argentina at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.225: Natural gas reserves in Argentina, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.226: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Argentina, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.227: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Argentina at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.228: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Argentina, bcm
  • Figure 14.229: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Bolivia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.230: Natural gas reserves in Bolivia, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.231: Domestic production of natural gas in Bolivia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.232: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Bolivia, bcm
  • Figure 14.233: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Brazil at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.234: Natural gas reserves in Brazil, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.235: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Brazil, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.236: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Brazil, bcm
  • Figure 14.237: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Brazil at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.238: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Chile at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.239: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Chile, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.240: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Chile, bcm
  • Figure 14.241: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Chile at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.242: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Colombia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.243: Natural gas reserves in Colombia, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.244: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Colombia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.245: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Colombia at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.246: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Colombia, bcm
  • Figure 14.247: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the Dominican Republic at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.248: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Ecuador at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.249: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Ecuador, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.250: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Ecuador at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.251: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Peru at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.252: Natural gas reserves in Peru, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.253: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Peru, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.254: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Peru, bcm
  • Figure 14.255: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Peru at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.256: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.257: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Trinidad & Tobago at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.258: Natural gas reserves in Trinidad & Tobago, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.259: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Trinidad & Tobago, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.260: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Trinidad & Tobago, bcm
  • Figure 14.261: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Trinidad & Tobago at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.262: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Uruguay at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.263: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Venezuela at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.264: Natural gas reserves in Venezuela, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.265: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Venezuela, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.266: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Venezuela at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.267:Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Venezuela, bcm
  • Figure 14.268: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Asia Pacific region at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.269: Natural gas reserves in Asia Pacific region, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.270: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Asia Pacific region, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.271: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Asia Pacific region at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.272: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Australia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.273: Natural gas reserves in Australia, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.274: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Australia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.275: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Australia, bcm
  • Figure 14.276: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Australia at the end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.277: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Bangladesh at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.278: Natural gas reserves in Bangladesh, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.279: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Bangladesh, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.280: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Bangladesh at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.281: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Brunei at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.282: Natural gas reserves in Brunei, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.283: Domestic production of natural gas in Brunei, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.284: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Brunei, bcm
  • Figure 14.285: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in China at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.286: Natural gas reserves in China, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.287: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in China, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.288: Primary energy consumption by fuel in China at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.289: Location of China's unconventional gas resources according to studies by Sinopec
  • Figure 14.290: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in East Timor at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.291: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Hong Kong at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.292: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Hong Kong, bcm, 1996 to 2010
  • Figure 14.293: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Hong Kong at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.294: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in India at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.295: Natural gas reserves in India, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.296: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in India, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.297: Primary energy consumption by fuel in India at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.298: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in India, bcm
  • Figure 14.299: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Indonesia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.300: Natural gas reserves in Indonesia, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.301: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Indonesia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.302: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Indonesia, bcm
  • Figure 14.303: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Indonesia at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.304: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Japan at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.305: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Japan, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.306: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Japan at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.307: Japan's LNG and nuclear power purchases, million tonnes and TWh, January 2010 and November 2011
  • Figure 14.308: Sumitomo Marcellus shale gas projects
  • Figure 14.309: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Malaysia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.310: Natural gas reserves in Malaysia, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.311: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Malaysia, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.312: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Malaysia, bcm
  • Figure 14.313: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Malaysia at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.314: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Myanmar at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.315: Natural gas reserves in Myanmar, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.316: Domestic production of natural gas in Myanmar, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.317: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Myanmar, bcm
  • Figure 14.318: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in New Zealand at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.319: Domestic consumption of natural gas in New Zealand, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.320: Primary energy consumption by fuel in New Zealand at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.321: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in New Zealand, bcm
  • Figure 14.322: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Pakistan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.323: Natural gas reserves in Pakistan, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.324: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Pakistan, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.325: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Pakistan, bcm
  • Figure 14.326: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Pakistan at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.327: Natural gas reserves in Papua New Guinea, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.328: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in the Philippines at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.329: Domestic consumption of natural gas in the Philippines, bcm, 2001 to 2010
  • Figure 14.330: Primary energy consumption by fuel in the Philippines at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.331: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in the Philippines, bcm
  • Figure 14.332: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Singapore at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.333: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Singapore, bcm, 1992 to 2010
  • Figure 14.334: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Singapore at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.335: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in South Korea at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.336: Domestic consumption of natural gas in South Korea, bcm, 1986 to 2010
  • Figure 14.337: Primary energy consumption by fuel in South Korea at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.338: Demand for city gas and natural gas for power generation in South Korea, million tons, 2009 to 2024
  • Figure 14.339: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Taiwan at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.340: Domestic consumption of natural gas in Taiwan, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.341: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Taiwan at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.342: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Thailand at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.343: Natural gas reserves in Thailand, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.344: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Thailand, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.345: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Thailand, bcm
  • Figure 14.346: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Thailand at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.347: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.348: Natural gas reserves in Vietnam, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.349: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Vietnam, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.350: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Vietnam, bcm
  • Figure 14.351: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Vietnam at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.352: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Africa at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.353: Natural gas reserves in Africa, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.354: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Africa, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.355: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Africa at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.356: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Algeria at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.357: Natural gas reserves in Algeria, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.358: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Algeria, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.359: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Algeria, bcm
  • Figure 14.360: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Algeria at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.361: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Egypt at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.362: Natural gas reserves in Egypt, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.363: Domestic production and consumption of natural gas in Egypt, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.364: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Egypt, bcm
  • Figure 14.365: Primary energy consumption by fuel in Egypt at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 14.366: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Libya at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.367: Natural gas reserves in Libya, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.368: Domestic production of natural gas in Libya, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.369: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Libya, bcm
  • Figure 14.370: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Morocco at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.371: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Tunisia at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.372: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Tunisia, bcm
  • Figure 14.373: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Equatorial New Guinea at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.374: Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Equatorial New Guinea, bcm
  • Figure 14.375: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Ghana at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.376: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports at the end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.377: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in Nigeria at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.378: Natural gas reserves in Nigeria, tcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.379: Domestic production of natural gas in Nigeria, bcm, 1970 to 2010
  • Figure 14.380:Natural gas production, shrinkage, re-injection and flaring in Nigeria, bcm
  • Figure 14.381: Natural gas production, consumption, imports and exports in South Africa at end of 2010, bcm
  • Figure 14.382: Domestic consumption of natural gas in South Africa, bcm, 1980 to 2010
  • Figure 14.383: Primary energy consumption by fuel in South Africa at end of 2010, Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) and percentage of use
  • Figure 15.1: Share of natural gas production by company type, 2000 and 2010
  • Figure 15.2: Share of natural gas reserves by company type, 2000 and 2010
  • Figure 15.3: Global regasification and liquefaction capacity, bcm, 2000 and 2010
  • Figure 15.4: Share of LNG liquefaction market by company type, 2000 and 2010
  • Figure 15.5: Share of LNG regasification market by company type, 2000 and 2010
  • Figure 15.6: Top ten natural gas producers in 2010, bcf
  • Figure 15.7: Top 10 companies by natural gas reserves in 2010, bcf
  • Figure 15.8: R/P ratio for the top 20 natural gas companies for 2010, years
  • Figure 15.9: Natural gas reserves for the four oil majors, bcm, 2006 to 2010
  • Figure 15.10: Natural gas sold for the four oil majors, mcf per day, 2006 to 2010
  • Figure 15.11: Refined products sold for the four oil majors, mcf per day, 2006 to 2010
  • Figure 15.12: Growth in energy demand, billion toe, 1870 to 2030
  • Figure 15.13: Shares of world primary energy, 1970 to 2030
  • Figure 15.14: Growth in energy demand in the US, EU and China, billion toe, 1870 to 2030
  • Figure 15.15: BP's natural gas assets
  • Figure 15.16: Projected Henry Hub price, USD per mmBtu, 2011 to 2016
  • Figure 15.17: BP's LNG portfolio
  • Figure 15.18: BP's LNG value chain
  • Figure 15.19: BP's natural gas production by region, mcf per day, 2008 to 2010
  • Figure 15.20: Chevron's North American unconventional assets
  • Figure 15.21: Chevron's shale gas projects in Eastern Europe
  • Figure 15.22: Global LNG Supply - Demand Balance, bcf per day, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 15.23: ConocoPhillips' Australian and Timor Sea natural gas projects
  • Figure 15.24: ConocoPhillips' shale plays
  • Figure 15.25: ConocoPhillips production profile for its lower 48 shale plays, 2008 to 2013
  • Figure 15.26: ConocoPhillips Eagle Ford play, actual and projected production, million barrels of oil equivalent per day
  • Figure 15.27: US Natural gas supply sources, bcf per day, 2011 to 2029
  • Figure 15.28: ExxonMobil's integrated supply chain
  • Figure 15.29: Actual and projected energy demand, quadrillion Btu, 2005 and 2030
  • Figure 15.30: Commodities Demand and Global GDP, % change, 1995 to 2015
  • Figure 15.31: ExxonMobil's natural gas production, mcf per day, 2006 to 2010
  • Figure 15.32: Growth opportunities for oil and gas for ExxonMobil
  • Figure 15.33: Growth opportunities for ‘unconventionals’ for ExxonMobil
  • Figure 15.34: ExxonMobil's unconventional oil and gas assets in North America
  • Figure 15.35: Projected consumption of natural gas in the United States, Asia Pacific and Europe, bcf per day
  • Figure 15.36: US unconventional natural gas production, million barrels of oil equivalent per day, 2010 to 2020
  • Figure 15.37: Natural gas production by Shell and Shell subsidiaries, mcf per day, 2010
  • Figure 15.38: Shell's top eight natural gas producing countries in 2010, mcf per day
  • Figure 15.39: Realised price for natural gas for Shell subsidiaries, thousand cubic feet, 2008 to 2010
  • Figure 15.40: Realised price for natural gas for Shell's equity-accounted investments, thousand cubic feet, 2008 to 2010
  • Figure 15.41: Shell's projected global energy mix, million boe per day, 1980 to 2050
  • Figure 15.42: Key Shell projects under development
  • Figure 15.43: Evolution of USGC industry cash margins and feedstock slate
  • Figure 15.44: Shell and PetroChina's unconventional natural gas projects
  • Figure 15.45: Shell's North American unconventional projects
  • Figure 15.46: Total's global energy mix projections
  • Figure 15.47: Total's LNG facilities
  • Figure 15.48: Total's upstream LNG production, million tonnes per year, 2009, 2010 and 2016
  • Figure 15.49: Estimated European and Asian natural gas production and demand, bcf per day, 2010 to 2020
  • Figure 15.50: Projected worldwide LNG production and demand by region, mtpa, 2005 to 2020
  • Figure 15.51: Total's Australian projects under development
  • Figure 15.52: LNG produced by Total's Ichthys and GLNG project, boe per day, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 15.53: Total's ten exploration permits in Australia
  • Figure 15.54: Total's oil and gas projects in Russia
  • Figure 15.55: Shtokman natural gas field in Russia
  • Figure 15.56: Status of Total projects as of February 2011
  • Figure 15.57: South Sulige
  • Figure 15.58: Total's coal bed methane project in Australia
  • Figure 15.59: Anadarko's US shale plays
  • Figure 15.60: Anadarko's international oil and gas assets
  • Figure 15.61: Anadarko Petroleum's offshore Mozambique natural gas project
  • Figure 15.62: Apache Energy's hydrocarbon portfolio
  • Figure 15.63: Apache Energy's hydrocarbon portfolio
  • Figure 15.64: Net production or natural gas by major exploration and production companies, thousand boe per day, 2010 to 2020
  • Figure 15.65: Global natural gas supply, bcm, 2010 to 2020
  • Figure 15.66: World natural gas demand, bcm, 2000 to 2020
  • Figure 15.67: BG Group's natural gas production, thousand boe per day, 1997 to 2020
  • Figure 15.68: BG Group's LNG contracted volume, million tonnes per annum (mtpa), 2003 to 2020
  • Figure 15.69: LNG supply and demand in 2020, mtpa
  • Figure 15.70: BG Group's shale gas assets in the USA
  • Figure 15.71: Chesapeake Energy's operating assets in the USA
  • Figure 15.72: Chesapeake Energy liquid production profile
  • Figure 15.73: Chesapeake Energy natural gas production profile
  • Figure 15.74: Chesapeake's projected liquid production, bcfe, 2011 to 2013
  • Figure 15.75: Chesapeake's projected natural gas production, bcf, 2011 to 2013
  • Figure 15.76: America's Natural Gas Highway as of September 2011
  • Figure 15.77: Projected America's Natural Gas Highway for December 2012
  • Figure 15.78: Devon Energy's North American unconventional assets
  • Figure 15.79: Share of Eni's natural gas production by region or major producing country in 2010
  • Figure 15.80: Eni's supply portfolio
  • Figure 15.81: Eni's natural gas transportation infrastructure
  • Figure 15.82: Growth opportunities for Eni
  • Figure 15.83: Eni's unconventional gas and oil assets
  • Figure 15.84: Key market trends for the natural gas market by region, 2011 to 2014
  • Figure 15.85: EOG Resources acres in the Eagle Ford play
  • Figure 15.86: EOG Resources increased liquids weighting North American revenue mix
  • Figure 15.87: Occidental Petroleum oil and gas producing assets worldwide
  • Figure 15.88: Sasol's business operations
  • Figure 15.89: Sasol's upstream natural gas and coal assets
  • Figure 15.90: Sasol's gas-to-liquid process
  • Figure 15.91: Increase in the capacity of GTL plants
  • Figure 15.92: Historic oil: gas price ratio for Europe and Asia (contract)
  • Figure 15.93: Sasol's projected consolidate production volumes (liquids and gas) equity share risked, thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day, 2001 to 2039
  • Figure 15.94: Statoil's natural gas production projects
  • Figure 15.95: Statoil natural gas sale areas
  • Figure 15.96: Statoil's cost-effective concept of an offshore LNG plant
  • Figure 15.97: Statoil's Marcellus shale assets
  • Figure 15.98: Statoil's internal natural gas prices, NOK, Q1 2006 to Q3 2011
  • Figure 15.99: Williams' US oil and gas plays and reported breakeven prices
  • Figure 15.100: Gazprom's sales of natural gas by region, bcm, 2010
  • Figure 15.101: Gazprom domestic natural gas sales, bcm, 2001 to 2010
  • Figure 15.102: Actual and estimated natural gas production, bcm, 2001 to 2013
  • Figure 15.103: Average natural gas production per operating Gazprom wells and operating Gazprom wells, 2005 to 2009
  • Figure 15.104: Natural gas condensate production, million tons, 2001 to 2010
  • Figure 15.105: Russian natural gas reserves and Gazprom's reserves
  • Figure 15.106: Gazprom's natural gas, oil and condensate reserves
  • Figure 15.107: Unified Gas Supply System (UGSS)
  • Figure 15.108: Gazprom's UGS facilities in Russia
  • Figure 15.109: Gazprom's UGS facilities in Europe
  • Figure 15.110: Gazprom's purchase of Central Asian and Azerbaijani gas, bcm, 2009 and 2010
  • Figure 15.111: Central Asia - Center (CAC) gas transmission system
  • Figure 15.112: Gazprom's oil refining and gas chemical processing facilities in Russia
  • Figure 15.113: Gazprom's refining capacity worldwide
  • Figure 15.114: Gazprom's operational pipelines and pipelines in the development stages including under construction
  • Figure 15.115: Gazprom's LNG deals, thousand tons, 2005 to 2009
  • Figure 15.116: Gazprom's planned LNG projects
  • Figure 15.117: Gazprom gas deliveries to Europe, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 15.118: Gazprom gas deliveries to FSU (Former Soviet Union) countries, 2005 to 2011
  • Figure 15.119: Churn ratio* at European natural gas hubs
  • Figure 15.120: Continental hub trade, 2009, bcm
  • Figure 15.121: Gazprom's expected share of global gas markets in 2030
  • Figure 15.122: Structure of Gazprom Group's gas sales, 2010, 2020 and 2030
  • Figure 15.123: Structure of Gazprom Group's gas revenues, 2010, 2020 and 2030
  • Figure 15.124: Yamal gas fields
  • Figure 15.125: Prospective sources of Gazprom production, bcm, 2010, 2020 and 2030
  • Figure 15.126: Planned gas pipelines for the Yamal region
  • Figure 15.127: Structure of Gazprom CAPEX by major projects
  • Figure 15.128: Gazprom Group's major exploration and production projects abroad
  • Figure 15.129: Gazprom's expansion plans in global natural gas markets
  • Figure 15.130: Gazprom's planned LNG build up, 2010 to 2030
  • Figure 15.131: Western route for Gazprom from Russia to China, North Korea and ports for delivery to the US, Japan and South Korea
  • Figure 15.132: Coal bed methane resource development in Russia
  • Figure 15.133: EGAS Concessions in the Mediterranean, Nile Delta and North Sinai
  • Figure 15.134: Petronas' producing natural gas fields
  • Figure 15.135: Petronas' international gas projects
  • Figure 15.136: Petronas' LNG sales volume, million tonnes, FY 2007 to 2011
  • Figure 15.137: Saudi Aramco's NGL exports by market in 2010
  • Figure 15.138: Kogas' natural gas business flow chart
  • Figure 15.139: LNG Japan Corporation's milestones
  • Figure 15.140: Average selling price of natural gas, RMB per tonne, 2008 to 2010
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