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世界の風力産業:2018年

The Global Wind Industry - 2018

発行 NRG Expert 商品コード 214309
出版日 ページ情報 英文 53 Pages
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世界の風力産業:2018年 The Global Wind Industry - 2018
出版日: 2018年10月31日 ページ情報: 英文 53 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界の風力産業について調査分析し、産業構造、定義、技術、応用、メーカー、主要市場の見通しなど、体系的な情報を提供しています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 風力発電市場

  • 風力に影響を与える要因の評価
    • 専門用語
    • 需要の変化
    • ベース負荷
    • ピーク負荷
    • 中間負荷
    • 間欠性と変動性
    • 設備利用率
    • 電力量不足確率 (LOLP)
    • 容量クレジット
    • 運転予備力
  • 風力発電の問題点
    • グリッドのバランス
    • グリッドの拡張
    • 貯蔵
    • 容量クレジット
    • 需給の不一致
    • 負荷追従
    • 分散
    • 天気予報の不備
    • 運転予備力/支援
    • 後流 (ウェイク) の影響
  • 今後の見通し
    • EUの風力エネルギー産業の将来の競争力への投資
    • オフショア開発に対し、より戦略的で協調的アプローチを採用
    • オフショア風力の環境保全上の利点を最大化
    • 将来のグリッドで大規模オフショア風力を統合

第3章 再生可能エネルギーに対する国策

  • 再生可能エネルギー目標
    • 再生可能エネルギーの支援メカニズム
  • 米国におけるRPS政策の進化
  • 固定価格買取制度 (FIT) とRPSの比較
    • 投資家の信頼、価格、政策コスト
    • 有効性
    • オーナーシップ構造
    • 結論
  • 米国のFIT

第4章 国別の風力発電市場と支援計画:主要市場

  • 中国
  • 米国
  • ドイツ

第5章 風力産業サプライチェーン

  • 産業分野別の統合
  • 電気技術産業におけるサプライチェーンの背景
    • 原材料
    • リードタイム
    • 風力タービンの生産能力
  • 地域のサプライチェーン

第6章 レアアースメタル

第7章 運用管理 (O&M)

第8章 エネルギー貯蔵

  • 機械的貯蔵
  • 電気化学的貯蔵
  • 電磁的貯蔵
  • 新エネルギーとのカップリング

第9章 風力エネルギーの利点と欠点 (他のエネルギー源と比較した場合)

第10章 オフショア風力発電

  • メリット
  • 課題
  • 欧州のオフショアグリッド

第11章 再供給

  • 老朽化タービン市場
  • リサイクルタービン

第12章 新技術を予測

図表

目次
Product Code: NRGWE3

Wind electricity generation is on the rise in the power generation sector, and NRG Expert's new Wind Industry intelligence product will give you the data and insights that are necessary to understand this growing market. We have researched the wind electricity market to produce an in-depth database and accompanying market research report that focuses on the generation through the use of wind technology. The report and database combine NRG Expert's research abilities with a keen understanding of the power generation landscape to give you a comprehensive look at the sector.

Table of Contents

The Wind Report

1. Executive Summary

  • Wind Power
  • Development
    • Renewables Subsidies
  • Turbine
  • Technology

2. The Market for Wind power

  • An Assessment of Factors Affecting Wind Power Terminology
    • Variations of Demand
    • Base Load
    • Peak Load
    • Intermediate Load
    • Intermittency and Variability
    • Capacity Factor
    • Loss of Load Probability (LOLP)
    • Capacity Credit
    • Spinning Reserve
  • Issues for Wind Power
    • Grid Balancing
    • Grid Extension
    • Storage
    • Capacity Credit
    • Mismatch of Supply and Demand
    • Load Following
    • Dispersion
    • Inadequacy of Weather Forecasting
    • Spinning Reserve/Back-up
    • Wake Effects
  • The Way Forward
    • Investing in the Future Competitiveness of the EU Wind Energy Industry
    • Adopting a More Strategic, Coordinated Approach to Offshore Developments
    • Maximising the Environmental Benefits of Offshore Wind
    • Integrating Large-Scale Offshore Wind in the Grid of the Future

3. National Policies for Renewable Energy

  • Renewable Energy Targets
    • Support Mechanisms for Renewables
  • The Evolution of RPS Policy in the United States
  • Comparison of Feed-in Tariffs and RPS
    • Investor Confidence, Price, and Policy Cost
    • Effectiveness
    • Ownership Structure
    • Conclusion
  • Feed-in Tariffs in the United States

4. National Wind Power Markets and Support Plans; Major Markets

  • China
    • Wind Resources
    • Barriers to growth
    • Offshore Wind Power
  • United States
    • The Start of Wind Power
    • Market Potential
    • Intermittency
    • Low-Speed Wind Technology
    • Cost of Wind Energy Generation
    • Technology Development in the USA
    • Understanding Turbulent Wind Patterns
    • R&D
  • Germany
    • Market Size and Forecast
    • Repowering Trend
    • Government Support and R&D in Germany
    • Stromeinspeisungsgesetz - Electricity Feed Law (EFL)

5. Wind Industry Supply Chain

  • Vertical Integration
  • Background to the Supply Chain in the Electro-Technical Industry
    • Raw Materials
    • Lead Times
    • Wind Turbine Production Capacity
  • Local Supply Chains

6. Rare Earth Metals

7. Operation and Maintenance (O&M)

8. Energy Storage

  • Mechanical Storage
  • Electrochemical Storage
  • Electromagnetic Storage
  • Coupling to New Energies

9. Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind Energy Compared with Other Forms of Energy

10. Offshore Wind Power

  • The Benefits
    • Higher Wind Speeds
    • More Stable Winds
    • Huge Offshore Wind Resources
    • Low Surface Roughness: Cheaper Turbines
    • Lower Turbulence: Longer Lifetime
    • Shipping and Transport
    • Closer to Demand Centres
    • NIMBY
  • The Challenges
    • Installation Vessels
    • Operation and Maintenance
    • Port Facilities
    • Subsea Cabling
  • A European Offshore Grid

11. Repowering

  • Market for Old Turbines
  • Recycling Turbines

12. Forecasting a new technology - Experience Curves and Progress Ratios (PR)

Figures

  • Figure 1 - Base, Intermediate and Peak Load by time of Day
  • Figure 2 - Capacity factors by month for wind power for Denmark, Sweden, Germany, and Netherlands
  • Figure 3 - Wind Energy Investments in the EU, 2000 to 2030
  • Figure 4 - Distribution of wind turbines in China
  • Figure 5 - Potential output of 1.5 MW wind turbines in China, % of maximum output over time
  • Figure 6 - Offshore Wind Potential along China's East Coast
  • Figure 7 - Wind Resources in the Great Lakes
  • Figure 8 -US Annual Average Wind Speed at 80m
  • Figure 9 - Advanced tower design
  • Figure 10 - Annual onshore and offshore build and repowering in Germany, MW, 1993 to 2030
  • Figure 11 - Cumulative installed capacity, onshore and offshore in Germany, MW, 1993 to 2030
  • Figure 12 - Turbine Parts
  • Figure 13 - How much neodymium will the offshore sector need?
  • Figure 14 - Lifecycle breakdown of wind energy investment project costs, %
  • Figure 15 - Frequency of ‘failure rate' with increasing operational age
  • Figure 16 - Downtime per component failure, days
  • Figure 17 - Weak point analysis for wind turbine subassemblies including failure causes
  • Figure 18 - Estimated investment costs, EUR per kW
  • Figure 19 - Estimated operation and maintenance costs, EUR per kW per annum
  • Figure 20 - Levelised Cost of Electricity, EUR cents per kWh
  • Figure 21 - Estimated grid parity for wholesale onshore wind, EUR per MWh
  • Figure 22 - Estimated grid parity for wholesale onshore wind, EUR per MWh
  • Figure 23 - Properties of the three main offshore installation vessels
  • Figure 24 - Offshore operating conditions
  • Figure 25 - Repowering of the Bassens Windfarm in Lower Saxony, Germany
  • Figure 26 - Estimates new annual EU wind energy capacity, GW, 2000 to 2030
  • Figure 27 - Price of used turbines compared to the price when new as a percentage

Tables

  • Table 1 - Typical capacity factors for different generating technologies
  • Table 2 - Energy storage technologies
  • Table 3 - Estimated date that grid parity will be reached for on and offshore wind
  • Table 4 - Water footprint of different primary energy carriers
  • Table 5 - Advantages and disadvantages of different types of renewable energy
  • Table 6 - Comparison of onshore and offshore wind technologies
  • Table 7 - Suitable ports in Europe for development of offshore wind installations
  • Table 8 - Advantages and Disadvantages of Repowering
  • Table 9 - Recycling of Wind Turbine Components
  • Table 10 - Progress ratios for wind turbines
  • Table 11 - Technology characteristics of wind turbines
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