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世界的な展開を加速させるための理想的なマイクログリッドプログラムの設計

Designing the Ideal Microgrid Program to Accelerate Global Deployment

発行 Navigant Research 商品コード 714008
出版日 ページ情報 英文 20 Pages; 4 Tables, Charts & Figures
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世界的な展開を加速させるための理想的なマイクログリッドプログラムの設計 Designing the Ideal Microgrid Program to Accelerate Global Deployment
出版日: 2018年09月27日 ページ情報: 英文 20 Pages; 4 Tables, Charts & Figures
概要

当レポートでは、米国の代表的な州におけるマイクログリッドプログラムの歴史、状況、および成功について分析し、直接的な政府支援に頼らないマイクログリッドの長期的な成功に向けた柔軟かつ機敏な戦略を概括し、将来のマイクログリッド政府支援への5つの提言、およびベンダー・ユーティリティ・政府当局へのアドバイスなどを提供しています。

序論

背景

提言

マイクログリッドによってレジリエンシーとその他の政策目標に対応するプログラムを推進する米国の州

  • カリフォルニア
  • コネチカット
  • ハワイ
  • メリーランド
  • マサチューセッツ
  • ニュージャージー
  • ニューヨーク
  • プエルトリコ

様々な方法で評価されるマイクログリッドサポートプログラム

  • 主なマイクログリッド政府プログラムの要素
  • マイクログリッド政府プログラム成功の測定

ベンダー、ユーティリティ、および規制当局は、直接的な政府補助金から転換しなければならない - しかし、どうやって?

  • 各州/地域を特色とする最善の政策

将来のマイクログリッド政策支援を上手く導く5つの原理

  • 助成金から市場に基づいたインセンティブへの移行
  • 新たなクリーン・スマート技術へ向かう資金をターゲットに
  • 新しいビジネスモデルを育成するプロジェクトを選択
  • レジシエンシーの価値を捉えるメトリクスを作る
  • フレキシビリティ・中間軌道修正を考慮に入れる

マイクログリッドエコシステムステークホルダーへの提言

  • ベンダーは、政府補助金について、短期的ではなく、長期的に考えるばき
  • ユーティリティは脅威よりも機会にフォーカスすべき
  • 政府の規制当局は米国の州/地域プログラムから学ぶべき
図表

List of Charts and Figures

  • Microgrid Business Models by Market Share, World Market: 2015-2017
  • Identified Microgrid Capacity Supported by Government Funding in Five States
  • DER Mix for State-Supported Microgrids in Six US States

List of Tables

  • Government Microgrid Program Matrix
目次
Product Code: SI-GPSM-18

Government support for microgrids has consisted of fragmented collections of regulations, standards, and public policies. States and territories have enacted new laws and specific programs designed to bolster grid resilience through microgrids due to extreme weather events hitting the US since 2011. What can the global market learn from these public policy experiments? How do they compare in approach, and more importantly, which have been the most successful to date?

Government support can take many forms. For example, incentives such as tax credits, low interest loans, or other forms of financial assistance for enabling technologies-such as solar PV systems-help facilitate microgrid developments but are ubiquitous. They are not specifically focused on the integration of these assets into microgrids. This report focuses on programs targeting microgrids, along with mandates and targets. It covers Puerto Rico, a US territory that perhaps offers the most comprehensive regional microgrid plan. The US is the world's most active market in terms of government support for microgrids interconnected to traditional grid infrastructure. Lessons learned from these programs carry repercussions for the global microgrid market.

This Navigant Research report details the history, status, and success of specific US state programs in the hopes that policymakers can learn from what has worked-and what has not. The states (and territory) covered include: California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, and Puerto Rico. The report outlines a flexible and nimble strategy for the long-term success of microgrids through a diminished reliance upon direct government support. It also provides five recommendations for future microgrid government support as well as advice for key market participants such as private sector vendors, utilities, and government regulators.

Key Questions Addressed

  • What types of government support programs have been deployed in the US for microgrids?
  • How successful have these programs been in bringing projects online?
  • How do the profiled states compare to one another in terms of common program elements?
  • What are the most promising forms of government support in the near term-and the long term?
  • What five principles can guide future microgrid policy support?
  • What should microgrid ecosystem stakeholders consider as they seek to shape regulations and incentives?

Who Needs This Report

  • Government regulators and policymakers
  • Utilities
  • Microgrid solutions providers
  • Community groups
  • Academic organizations
  • State energy offices
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

Spark

Context

Recommendations

Government Support for Microgrids Takes Many Forms

US States Push Programs to Meet Resiliency and Other Policy Goals with Microgrids

  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Hawaii
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Puerto Rico

Microgrid Support Programs Can Be Evaluated in Different Ways

  • Key Microgrid Government Program Elements
  • Measuring Microgrid Government Program Success
    • Reviewing State Government Investments in Microgrids
    • How Cost-Effective Are These Government Microgrid Programs?
    • What About Other US States?

Vendors, Utilities, and Regulators Must Shift Away from Direct Government Subsidies - But How?

  • Best Policy Features from Each State/Territory

Five Principles Can Skillfully Guide Future Microgrid Policy Support

  • Shift from Grants to Market-Based Incentives
  • Target Funds toward New Clean and Smart Technologies
  • Choose Projects That Foster New Business Models
  • Create Metrics That Capture the Value of Resiliency
  • Allow for Flexibility and Midcourse Corrections

Recommendations for Microgrid Ecosystem Stakeholders

  • Vendors Should Think Long Term, Not Short Term, about Government Subsidies
  • Utilities Should Focus on Opportunities Rather Than Threats
  • Government Regulators Should Learn from US State/Territory Programs
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