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EU諸国におけるデータ保護とプライバシー: 衝突の深まりとリスクの増大

EU Data Protection and Privacy: Conflicts Simmer and Risks Grow

発行 Mercator Advisory Group, Inc. 商品コード 214313
出版日 ページ情報 英文 30 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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EU諸国におけるデータ保護とプライバシー: 衝突の深まりとリスクの増大 EU Data Protection and Privacy: Conflicts Simmer and Risks Grow
出版日: 2011年09月21日 ページ情報: 英文 30 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、米国およびEUのデータ保護とプライバシーに関する認識・慣習・法律の違いについて調査分析し、欧州のプライバシー法に準拠する際の課題、Googleのプライバシー関連の訴訟事例などもまとめ、概略以下の構成でお届けいたします。

エグゼクティブサマリー

イントロダクション

国際的なプライバシーとデータ保護:現代の歴史

EU諸国と米国の主な違い

  • ボキャブラリー:「データ保護」と「プライバシー」
  • 「The Right To Be Forgotten(忘れられる権利)」
  • オンライン:オムニバス方式のオプトイン vs 米国式のオプトアウト
  • 個人を特定できる情報(PII:Personally Identifiable Information):第29条ワーキンググループ

欧州消費者の意識

  • 個人とは?
  • 欧州消費者によるプライバシーポリシーの確認

多国間の対立・リスクの根源

  • OECDガイドライン・パートIII・国境を越えたデータフロー
  • セーフハーバー条項
  • 政府のデータ要件とデータ保持
  • クラウドコンピューティングとアウトソーシング
  • 個人の行動

総論・提言

図表

目次

Boston, MA -- The second of Mercator' s reports on data protection and privacy concentrates on the practical challenges of compliance with European privacy law, highlighting the significant differences between U.S. practice and European expectations and requirements. Translating the multiple data protection “directives” released by the European Union into law within different national legislatures is a bumpy and frequently inconsistent process.

During this time, it has become abundantly clear that the European view of personal privacy differs substantially from the prevailing view in the United States. Mercator Advisory Group' s new report EU Data Protection and Privacy: Conflicts Simmer and Risks Grow discusses the challenges facing all firms, including financial firms, with safeguarding consumer data and managing constantly-shifting compliance risks.

“In the European Union, unfettered consumer data collection is very much illegal, as exemplified by the recent generalized prohibition on the placement of cookies on individuals' PCs without explicit prior permission,” states Patricia McGinnis, director in Mercator Advisory Group' s Banking Group. “Those whose businesses depend on monetizing consumer data, and those who have invested in or financed such businesses, should proceed with extreme caution when making assumptions about future revenue streams. Many of the legal issues discussed in this report remain unresolved as new European legislation is tested in the courts.”

Highlights of this report include:

  • The reasons all activities and business models driven by collection of, or access to, personally identifiable information (PII)face significant and growing challenges in working with European citizens.
  • The reasons European and American laws are already in conflict, and the ugly choices facing many American and European firms.
  • Which American firms do and do not legally have the right to import into the U.S. the personal data of EU citizens, and those which should exercise special caution.
  • An update on Google' s privacy-related fights in over 30 countries worldwide.

One of seven exhibits in this report:

This report is 30 pages long and has seven exhibits.

Companies mentioned in this report include: Facebook, Google, JPMorgan Chase, Microsoft, Sony, Twitter and Yahoo. An extensive bibliography provides a valuable resource directing readers to sources and related material.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Introduction

International Privacy and Data Protection: Modern History

Key Differences Between the European Union and the United States

  • Vocabulary: “Data Protection” Versus “Privacy”
  • The Right To Be Forgotten
  • Online, Omnibus Opt-In vs. American Opt-Out
  • Personally Identifiable Information (PII): The Article 29 Working Group

European Consumer Attitudes

  • What' s Personal?
  • Do Europeans Read Privacy Policies?

Sources of Multinational Conflict and Risk

  • OECD Guidelines, Part III on International Data Flows
  • Safe Harbor Provisions
  • Government Data Requirements and Data Retention
  • Cloud Computing and Outsourcing
  • Individual Behavior

Conclusions and Guidance

Bibliography

  • Copyright Notice

Table of Figures

  • Figure 1: Foundations of Privacy
  • Figure 2: Opposing Approaches To Online Personal Privacy
  • Figure 3: What information Do You Consider Personal?
  • Figure 4: European Opinions: What' s Personal?
  • Figure 5: Majority of Europeans Claim To Read Privacy Policies on The Internet
  • Figure 6: European Views on Locus of Enforcement
  • Figure 7: Legal Domains of Government Data Access
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