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市場調査レポート

欧州のタクシー技術

Taxi Technology Europe

発行 Limatel 商品コード 216604
出版日 ページ情報 英文 332 Pages
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欧州のタクシー技術 Taxi Technology Europe
出版日: 2011年08月30日 ページ情報: 英文 332 Pages
概要

欧州のタクシー用機器市場は4%の成長率で推移しており、2015年には7億4,300万ユーロの市場規模に成長すると予測されています。同市場はSPSV(公共サービス用小型自動車)に関する法規制が地域によって異なることから大変複雑であり、その市場規模にもかかわらず、各種機器への投資レベルなどを示すデータはほとんど公開されていません。

当レポートでは、欧州の各種タクシー関連技術の市場について調査分析し、タクシーメーターと関連機器、無線通信技術、決済関連システム、その他の周辺機器、監視システムなどの各種技術の概要、国別の市場環境、関連法規制、主要国・機器タイプ別の市場規模実績・予測(〜2015年)、タクシー用機器の主要製造業者のプロファイルなどをまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 イントロダクション・概要

第2章 タクシーメーター&付属品

  • イントロダクション
  • タクシーメーターの供給と取り付け
    • 製造業者
    • 流通販売経路
    • 検査・検印
    • 登録据付事業者
  • 機能性と技術
    • トータライザー
    • 会計機能
    • プリンター
    • ソフトウェア
  • 欧州の測定機器関連指令
    • 特例期間
    • 適合性評価
    • 機能要件
    • MID:欧州のタクシーメーター市場への影響
  • 欧州のタクシーメーター需要
  • 市場規模(額)・予測

第3章 SPSV(公共サービス用小型自動車)部門の通信技術

  • イントロダクション
  • SPSV部門におけるコミュニケーション
  • コミュニケーションネットワーク
    • PMR/PAMR:概要
    • 主要動向
    • PMR/PAMRのシステムの特徴
    • PMR/PAMRの機能的特徴
    • 規格
    • デジタルへの移行
    • 欧州でのPMRコンプライアンス要件
    • 欧州のPMR/PAMR市場
  • 公共陸上移動無線(PLMR:Public Land Mobile Radio)の概要
    • イントロダクション
    • 欧州のデジタルPLMRネットワークの進化
    • 位置情報サービス
  • PMR・PLMRの比較
    • 重要な違い
  • モバイルデータ端末・消費者用デバイス
  • 通信技術のその他のアプリケーション

第4章 コミュニケーション・派遣・バックオフィスシステム

  • イントロダクション
  • SPSV(公共サービス用小型自動車)部門のための派遣システムの機能性
  • 公共システムとの統合
  • スマートフォン アプリケーション
  • 市場の展望

第5章 欧州のペイメントカード市場

  • イントロダクション
  • 欧州のカードペイメント市場
    • 概要
    • ペイメントカードタイプ
    • 欧州のペイメントカードスキーム
    • 技術力学
    • 非接触チップカード
    • モバイルペイメント
  • タクシー用ペイメントカード
    • 概要
    • 初期導入者
    • タクシーでのペイメントカード:主要市場
    • その他のカード管理
    • 市場の展望

第6章 自動車周辺機器

  • イントロダクション
  • ルーフサイン
  • セキュリティシステム
  • 広告・エンターテインメント

第7章 サードパーティ監視システム

  • イントロダクション
  • 行程の自動電子記録
  • 車内のシフト順守クロック
  • タクシー料金支払いの暗号化デジタルストレージ
  • タクシーの車載コンピューター
  • 精算用タクシーメーター・キャッシュレジスター

第8章 国別プロファイル(15ヵ国)

第9章 サマリー&総論

  • 市場区分
  • 国別プロファイル
  • 製造業者
  • 総論

第2巻:主要製造業者のプロファイル(50社以上)

目次

Abstract

The comprehensive guide to specialist solutions, equipment and technology in Europe' s taxicab sector.

Overview

The report is written for all those with an interest in taxis, limousines and private hire cars with drivers. Such vehicles are often collectively described by terms such as taxicabs.

In Europe, € 620 Million is spent every year on the purchase of specialised technology for a fleet of over 800,000 taxicabs. Specialised equipment and technical solutions include taximeters; radios and mobile data terminals; back office systems that support dispatch, customer relationship management and fleet logistics; and other equipment such as passenger information screens and card payment systems. Some equipment such as roof-signs can be low in cost and technical complexity, while installations of on-board computers can cost several thousand euros per vehicle. In many jurisdictions, taxi regulators have mandated the use of less familiar devices such as fiscal cash registers and time-keeping equipment.

The European market for taxicab equipment is growing at 4% and is predicted to reach € 743M in 2015. The market is highly complex, primarily due to the diversity in the regulation of small public service vehicles from one European country to another. Despite the value of the market, little has been published that quantifies the level of expenditure on different types of equipment, or on the wide variation in the market conditions between different regions. This report remedies that deficit by providing the first in-depth analysis of the market for such equipment in thirty one European countries. Its aim is to function as the definitive reference source for supervisory authorities, manufacturers, and those operating in the sector.

The report covers more than the topic of specialised taxicab equipment. It sets the demand for such equipment in context by providing a comprehensive overview of the regulatory and commercial environment in which such vehicles operate. This includes separate national profiles of the situation in fifteen European countries that represent the most valuable or innovative markets.

Who Should Read This Report?

  • Regulators, licensing boards and supervisory authorities who wish to understand the governance of taxicabs in other jurisdictions, and how technology is used and mandated
  • Equipment Manufacturers seeking competitive intelligence and emerging market opportunities
  • Taxicab organisations undertaking large investment decisions
  • Automotive manufacturers who serve the taxicab sector
  • System integrators that are seeking to understand the myriad of technologies in use
  • Distributors and installers that wish to identify opportunities to align with producers to address the taxicab market
  • Mobile Network Operators and Professional Mobile Radio Specialists
  • Telematics Providers
  • Consultants and Industry Professionals that serve the Transportation Sector

What kind of questions can this report answer?

  • In which European countries are the largest markets for cab equipment?
  • Where can I find separate profiles of the regulatory and market conditions in individual countries?
  • Which strands of equipment sales are most lucrative and which will show the greatest growth in the coming years?
  • Who are the fifty most significant and innovative players in the manufacture of taxicab technology in Europe, and what are their principal markets and activities?
  • What country will provide a once off boom in the sale of taximeters in the next three years?
  • What opportunities in payment card processing exist within the cab industry?
  • In which regions are all vehicles required to be affiliated to a central dispatch centre?
  • How are the operators of Public Mobile Networks taking market share from Professional Mobile Radio?
  • Can smart-phones really provide a satisfactory alternative to Mobile Radios and Data Terminals?
  • What will be the implications of the European Union' s Measuring Instruments Directive for the taximeter market?
  • Where are third parties such as the police and taxi regulators using electronic equipment to automatically monitor driver activity?
  • Which Finance Ministries are likely to be next to mandate fiscal functions in taximeters?
  • Where are on-board computers currently required and where are large public subsidies being offered to install such equipment in vehicles?
  • Who leads the way in the provision of automated parking and queue control systems for taxis at European airports?
  • How are smartphone applications for passengers challenging the classic dispatch model?

About the Author

Raef Mac Giollarnath is a Principal Consultant at Limatel. He has provided research and consultancy services to clients in the public and private sectors since 2003. His work covers a broad range of transportation and telecoms activity. This includes working on major projects with public transport operators and regulatory authorities in the bus, rail and taxicab sectors.

Prior to working as a consultant, Raef held a number of senior roles in transport and technology companies. He was formerly the head of strategy for Eircom Enterprises, a division of Ireland' s largest telco. Raef also previously worked as a Senior Engineer in the Planning and Projects Department of the CIE Group, Ireland' s largest transport operator. In that capacity he analysed the engineering and commercial feasibility of a varied range of proposals in the transportation sector; including bus, rail, and seaport projects.

Research and Acknowledgements

Research for this report was undertaken over the period March 2010 to June 2011. Information was obtained from a variety of published sources including websites; taxi and radio magazines; company annual reports and presentations; product brochures and technical manuals; studies undertaken by or on behalf of regulatory bodies; and the general business press.

In addition, interviews and correspondence were undertaken with over fifty key personnel working in the European taxicab sector. These include taxi and private hire associations; technical experts and executives working for the manufacturers of taximeters, back office systems for dispatch centres, card payment terminals and radio systems; regulators in State and Municipal departments, executives in legal metrology authorities and large equipment installers. The publisher wishes to acknowledge their assistance and enthusiasm for the project and to sincerely thank them for giving of their time and expertise. Much of the value of this report lies in the previously unavailable information that they provided.

Countries Covered

This report includes separate profiles for Europe' s fifteen most advanced or most valuable national markets: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Norway. The report also provides coverage in aggregate form of the entire European market, and makes reference to some additional European countries to the fifteen listed above. Countries covered in aggregate in this report, and referred to by the common term Europe, consist of the 27 Member States of the European Union, as well as Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. The 27 Member States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, The Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and The United Kingdom.

Companies Mentioned

The report provides detailed profiles of over fifty of Europe' s largest and most innovative manufacturers of equipment for taxicabs. Some are leading pan-European or global specialists. Others are little known regional operators whose innovation has given them a leading position in a number of markets. They include manufacturers of on-board computerised solutions, fiscal meters, taxi queue detection systems, and cashless payment solutions as well as providers of dispatch and management systems that have been expertly tailored to local market-needs and languages. The profiles contain full contact details and product portfolios for all of those profiled

Amongst the companies profiled are:

  • Automatismes et Techniques Avancees (ATA) Gleike
  • DDS Wireless International Inc.
  • Digitax Automotive Electronics
  • Heedfeld Elektronik GmbH
  • Ingencio
  • Kienzle Argo Taxi International GmbH
  • Motorola
  • Intefacom S.A (Taxitronic)
  • VeriFone (UK) Limited

Report Statistics

  • Publication Date: August 2011
  • Total Number of Pages: Volume 1: 222 pages
  • Sectors /Categories: Transport, Automotive, Telematics

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Executive Summary

1. Introduction and Overview

  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.2. Overview - How diverse regulation fragments the market
  • 1.3. Equipment Categories
  • 1.4. Structure of This Report
  • 1.5. Research and Acknowledgements
  • 1.6. Conditions of Use
  • 1.7. Disclaimer
  • 1.8. Correspondence

2. Taximeters & Ancillaries

  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. The supply and installation of taximeters
    • 2.2.1. Manufacturers
    • 2.2.2. Distribution Channels
    • 2.2.3. Verification and Sealing
    • 2.2.4. Registered Installers
  • 2.3. Functionality and Technology
    • 2.3.1. Totaliser
    • 2.3.2. Fiscal Functions
    • 2.3.3. Printers
    • 2.3.4. Software
  • 2.4. The European Measuring Instruments Directive
    • 2.4.1. Derogation Period
    • 2.4.2. Conformity Assessment
    • 2.4.3. Functional Requirements
    • 2.4.4. The effect of the MID on the European taximeter market
  • 2.5. The Demand For Taximeters in Europe
  • 2.6. Market Value and Forecasts

3. Communications Technology in the SPSV Sector

  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Communications in the SPSV Sector
  • 3.3. Communications Networks
  • 3.4. An overview of PMR/PAMR
    • 3.4.1. Key trends
    • 3.4.2. System Characteristics of PMR/PAMR
    • 3.4.3. Functional Characteristics of PMR/PAMR
    • 3.4.4. Standards
    • 3.4.5. The move to digital
    • 3.4.6. Compliance Requirements for PMR in Europe
    • 3.4.7. The European Market for PMR/PAMR
  • 3.5. An Overview of Public Land Mobile Radio (PLMR)
    • 3.5.1. Introduction
    • 3.5.2. The Evolution of Europe' s Digital PLMR Network
    • 3.5.3. Location Based Services
  • 3.6. A Comparison of PMR and PLMR
    • 3.6.1. Critical Differences
  • 3.7. Mobile Data Terminals and Consumer Devices
  • 3.8. Other Applications of Communications Technology

4. Communications, Dispatch and Back Office Systems

  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Dispatch System Functionality for the SPSV Sector
  • 4.3. Integration with Public Systems
  • 4.4. Smartphone Applications
  • 4.5. Market Outlook

5. Payment Cards in Europe

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. The European Card Payments Market
    • 5.2.1. Overview
    • 5.2.2. Payment Card Types
    • 5.2.3. Payment Card Schemes in Europe
    • 5.2.4. Technical Dynamics
    • 5.2.5. Contactless Chip Cards
    • 5.2.6. Mobile Payments
  • 5.3. Payment Cards in Taxis
    • 5.3.1. Overview
    • 5.3.2. Early Adopters
    • 5.3.3. Key Markets for Payment Cards in Taxis
    • 5.3.4. Other Card Administration
    • 5.3.5. Market Outlook

6. Vehicle Peripherals

  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Roof Signs
  • 6.3. Security Systems
  • 6.4. Advertising and Entertainment

7. Third Party Supervision Systems

  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Automatic Electronic Recording of Trips
  • 7.3. Shift Compliance Clocks in Taxis
  • 7.4. Encrypted Digital Storage of Taxi Payment Transactions
  • 7.5. On Board Computers in Taxis
  • 7.6. Fiscal Taximeters and Cash Registers

8. National Profiles

  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Austria
  • 8.3. Belgium
  • 8.4. Denmark
  • 8.5. Finland
  • 8.6. France
  • 8.7. Germany
  • 8.8. Greece
  • 8.9. Ireland
  • 8.10. Italy
  • 8.11. Netherlands
  • 8.12. Norway
  • 8.13. Poland
  • 8.14. Spain
  • 8.15. Sweden
  • 8.16. The United Kingdom

9. Summary & Conclusions

  • 9.1. Market Segments
  • 9.2. National Profiles
  • 9.3. Manufacturers
  • 9.4. Conclusions

List of Figures

  • FIGURE 1-1. SPSVS PER CAPITA IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
  • FIGURE 1-2. THE SHARE OF EUROPE' S SPSV FLEET BY COUNTRY
  • FIGURE 1-3. TECHNICAL SOLUTION IN A TAXI ORGANISATION
  • FIGURE 1-4. EUROPEAN SPSV EQUIPMENT MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2010
  • FIGURE 2-1. THE EVOLUTION OF THE TAXIMETER
  • FIGURE 2-2. THE ANATOMY OF A MODERN TAXIMETER
  • FIGURE 2-3. THE SELIROM ERO4/F FISCAL TAXIMETER WITH INTEGRATED PRINTER
  • FIGURE 2-4. THE MID COMPLIANT CYGNUS MR500 SERIES TAXIMETER
  • FIGURE 2-5. THE THREE ROUTES TO CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT FOR TAXIMETERS
  • FIGURE 2-6. MARKINGS FOR MID COMPLIANCE
  • FIGURE 2-7. THE MID COMPLIANT DIGITAX FORCEONE MDT
  • FIGURE 2-8. THE HALE SPT-02 MID COMPLIANT MIRROR TAXIMETER
  • FIGURE 3-1. THE ICOM IC-F5062/IC-F6062 MOBILE RADIO
  • FIGURE 3-2. DELIVERED AUDIO QUALITY - ANALOGUE VERSUS DIGITAL
  • FIGURE 3-3. A TYPICAL PMR INSTALLATION WITH MDT IN A UK TAXI
  • FIGURE 3-4. MARKET SHARES OF PMR TERMINALS IN EUROPE
  • FIGURE 3-5. THE EVOLUTION OF GSM
  • FIGURE 3-6. EU27: AVERAGE REVENUE PER USER (ARPU) 2007-2010
  • FIGURE 3-7. THE SIGTEC MDX 8 MDT - SUPPORTING BOTH PMR AND GPRS
  • FIGURE 4-1. SCREEN RESERVATION
  • FIGURE 4-2. EXTRACTED SCREENSHOTS - UK TAXI DIRECTORY APPLICATION
  • FIGURE 4-3. EXTRACTED SCREENSHOTS - PARISIAN TAXI APPLICATION
  • FIGURE 4-4. VIRTUAL DISPATCH SYSTEM IN VARIOUS SCREEN MODES
  • FIGURE 5-1. PAYMENT CARDS ISSUED PER COUNTRY (2009)
  • FIGURE 5-2. PAYMENT CARDS ISSUED PER CAPITA (2009)
  • FIGURE 5-3. POS TERMINAL GROWTH IN EUROPE
  • FIGURE 5-4. PAYMENT CARD TRANSACTIONS PER CAPITA (2009)
  • FIGURE 5-5. FOUR PARTY SYSTEM FOR PAYMENT CARD TRANSACTIONS
  • FIGURE 5-6. A TAXI DRIVER PROCESSES A PAYMENT BY CHIP & PIN
  • FIGURE 5-7. TAXI POS TERMINAL FOR CONTACTLESS CARDS AND CHIP & PIN
  • FIGURE 5-8. THE EMV COMPLIANT PAYMENT SYSTEM FROM ATA GLEIKE
  • FIGURE 6-1. FRENCH ROOF LIGHT WITH TARIFF INDICATING BULBS
  • FIGURE 6-2. CCTV SECURITY SYSTEM COMPONENTS
  • FIGURE 6-3. DIGITAL SCREENS FOR PASSENGERS
  • FIGURE 6-4. THE CABVISION SOLUTION IN A LONDON TAXI
  • FIGURE 7-1. SHIFT COMPLIANCE CLOCKS CODED BY LICENSE TYPE
  • FIGURE 7-2. THE TRANSFER OF ENCRYPTED TRANSACTION DATA
  • FIGURE 7-3. FISCAL TAXIMETER WITH COMPATIBLE CASH REGISTERS
  • FIGURE 8-1. THE SEMITRON LP45F COMBINED CASH REGISTER AND PRINTER.
  • FIGURE 8-2. SPSV LICENSE TRENDS IN IRELAND 1993 - 2010
  • FIGURE 9-1. EUROPEAN MARKET: FORECASTS BY SEGMENT, 2010 - 2015
  • FIGURE 9-2. SPSV EQUIPMENT MARKET VALUE (€ M) BY COUNTRY, 2010

List of Tables

  • TABLE 2-1. NOTIFIED BODIES IN EUROPE PROVIDING TAXIMETER ASSESSMENT
  • TABLE 2-2. TAXIMETER & ANCILLARIES : MARKET VALUE & FORECASTS 2010 - 2015
  • TABLE 3-1. COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS CATEGORISED BY OWNERSHIP
  • TABLE 3-2. RADIO STANDARDS IN EUROPE
  • TABLE 3-3. PMR VERSUS PLMR
  • TABLE 3-4. MOBILE DATA TERMINALS VERSUS SMARTPHONES AND PDAS
  • TABLE 4-1. DISPATCH & MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS: MARKET VALUE AND FORECASTS 2010-2015
  • TABLE 5-1. EMV ADOPTION IN EUROPE
  • TABLE 5-2. MOBILE PAYMENTS IN TAXIS
  • TABLE 5-3. CASHLESS PAYMENT SYSTEMS - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 6-1. TAXIMETER STATUS AND ROOF LIGHTS
  • TABLE 6-2. ROOF LIGHTS - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 6-3. SECURITY EQUIPMENT - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 6-4. ADVERTISING AND ENTERTAINMENT - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 7-1. INTEROPERABILITY OF APPROVED EQUIPMENT
  • TABLE 8-1. SPSV STATISTICS FOR AUSTRIA
  • TABLE 8-2. AUSTRIA - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-3. SPSV STATISTICS FOR BELGIUM
  • TABLE 8-4. BELGIUM - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-5. DENMARK - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-6. FINLAND - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-7. FRANCE - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-8. SPSV STATISTICS FOR GERMANY
  • TABLE 8-9. GERMANY - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-10. GREECE - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-11. ESTIMATED PROFILE OF DISPATCH OPERATORS 2008
  • TABLE 8-12. IRELAND - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-13. TAXI AND NCC LICENSES IN ITALY
  • TABLE 8-14. ITALY - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-15. NETHERLANDS - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-16. NORWAY - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-17. POLAND - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-18. SPAIN - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-19. SWEDEN - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 8-20. SPSV NUMBERS IN GREAT BRITAIN
  • TABLE 8-21. SPSVS IN ENGLAND' S MAJOR CONURBATIONS
  • TABLE 8-22. TAXIS IN NORTHERN IRELAND
  • TABLE 8-23. UNITED KINGDOM - MARKET FORECAST 2010-2015
  • TABLE 9-1. EUROPEAN MARKET: FORECASTS BY SEGMENT, 2010 - 2015
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