市場調査レポート

衣料品のニアショアリングに将来はあるか?

Is There a Future for Garment Near-shoring?

発行 just-style 商品コード 254192
出版日 ページ情報 英文 43 pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=101.32円で換算しております。
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衣料品のニアショアリングに将来はあるか? Is There a Future for Garment Near-shoring?
出版日: 2012年11月08日 ページ情報: 英文 43 pages
概要

当レポートでは、テキスタイルと衣料品の現状について調査分析し、オフショアリング(海外への外注)の動向、ニアショアリング(近隣国へのアウトソーシング)が必要な理由について検証して、概略以下の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 場所

  • 市場シェアと最近の動向
  • 背景
  • EUの国家の違い
  • 労働力より生産高が低下
  • 世間の反応
  • 米国で
  • 英国で
  • 製品の強み
  • ニアショアリング
  • オンショアリング
  • 米国
  • 欧州
  • その他

第2章 調達方法

  • 用語
  • 誰が意思決定するのか?
  • 誰が何を最大化するのか?
  • 利害関係者の希望は?
  • 調達オプションは?
  • 供給場所の定義
  • オフショアリングの歴史(1989年まで)
  • テキスタイル
  • 衣料品
  • 業種の統合
  • 政府の干渉
  • オフショアリングの歴史(1989年以降)
  • 共産主義が発展途上国の経済成長を抑制
  • 関税と割当の壁
  • 小売業者とブランド哲学
  • 通信の向上
  • ブランド集中をやめる
  • 世界の概要
  • 税関の制約の転換
  • 西洋のルール作り
  • 途上国の保護貿易主義
  • 衣料品の供給源
  • 業種の統合
  • 人件費、可用性、保持
  • 業種の統合

第3章 必要な行動

  • クロースショアリングの問題
  • 元に戻すことはできるか?
  • 途上国は発展を続ける
  • 西洋の関税の壁は再構築されない
  • 通信の向上はリモート管理を容易にする
  • 国内市場はますます重要でなくなるか?
  • バイヤーの哲学は変わるか?
  • 中国に関する判定は最も重要な問題ではない
  • 近隣で製造することが有益な理由
  • 再調達は全バイヤーにとって優先順位が低い
  • ケーススタデイ
  • ケーススタディ1
  • ケーススタディ2
  • ケーススタディ3

図表

目次
Product Code: SN2

Abstract

Report Description

image1

This latest addition to the just-style portfolio of reports begins with a definition of nearshoring before addressing whether it has any future.

The report sets out the current landscape within the textile and garment industry where employment is less than half what it was in 2005, and most rich-countries' domestic garment manufacture around a third of its 2005 level.

Without some dramatic shift in the global economy, there seems little chance of the apparel or textile industry in today's developed countries matching the scale of the industry 30 years ago.

The report looks at the trends and reasons for offshoring having been the norm since 1989 and why nearshoring has now come to the fore and why manufacturing closer to home can be more profitable.

It touches on the effects of wages, raw material prices, energy prices, cost of capital, and the effect of these influences on export prices.

To conclude, the report focusses on four case histories to back up the observations made in the report.

Data provided includes:

  • Source of all apparel on sale, 2011
  • Domestic apparel manufacture as % of total market
  • Textile workforce by country (000s)
  • Apparel workforce by country (000s)
  • Annual change in apparel volumes bought: Jan-June 2012 on 2011
  • Percentage of all imports nearshored, by category, 2011
  • Garments onshored in major European countries, by category
  • Internationalisation of sourcing strategies
  • Top ten apparel trading nations and vertical integration

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Where we are

  • Market share and recent trends
  • In context
  • EU national differences
  • Output seems to have fallen faster than the workforce
  • Public reaction
  • In the US:
  • In the UK:
  • Product strengths
  • Nearshoring
  • Onshoring
  • United States
  • Europe
  • Other tasks

Chapter 2 How we got here

  • The terms we use
  • Who makes what decisions?
  • Who is maximising what?
  • What do stakeholders want?
  • What are the sourcing alternatives?
  • How do you define where a garment is made?
  • History of offshoring: Antiquity to 1989
  • Textiles
  • Garments
  • Vertical integration
  • Government interference
  • History of offshoring: 1989-2012
  • Communism had suppressed economic growth in the developing world
  • Tariff and quota walls
  • Retailer and brand philosophies
  • Communications improved
  • The home country started ceasing to be the brands' focus
  • Summary of global picture: 2012
  • The transformation of Customs restraints
  • Western rulemaking
  • Developing country protectionism
  • Source of garment making
  • Vertical integration
  • Labour costs, availability and retention
  • Vertical integration

Chapter 3 What should be done about it?

  • Why has closeshoring become such an issue?
  • Can the genies be put back?
  • The developing world will go on developing
  • Western tariff walls will not be rebuilt
  • Improved communications will continue to make remote management easier
  • Will the home market continue to become increasingly unimportant?
  • The crucial question: will buyer philosophies change?
  • Judgements about China are not the most important question
  • Why manufacturing closer to home can be more profitable
  • But re-sourcing is a low priority for all buyers
  • Case Histories
  • Case History 1: A tale of two regions
  • Case History 2: A tale of two retailers
  • Case History 3: Exploiting immigrants

List of tables

  • Table 1: Source of all apparel on sale, 2011
  • Table 2: Textile workforce by country (000s)
  • Table 3: Apparel workforce by country (000s)
  • Table 4: Domestic apparel manufacture as % of total market
  • Table 5: Percentage of all imports nearshored, by category
  • Table 6: Garments onshored in major European countries, by category
  • Table 7: US apparel industry, May 2012 Employees by specific job
  • Table 7: US apparel industry, May 2012 Employees by specific job (Continued)
  • Table 7: US apparel industry, May 2012 Employees by specific job (Continued)
  • Table 7: US apparel industry, May 2012 Employees by specific job (Continued)
  • Table 8: Internationalisation of sourcing strategies
  • Table 9: Share of EU-15 garment market (in pieces)
  • Table 10: Share of US garment imports (in pieces)
  • Table 11: Top ten apparel trading nations and vertical integration
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